Hubert Humphrey

Knowledge Identifier: +Hubert_Humphrey

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Hubert Humphrey

American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson, from 1965 to 1969 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1911.

Countries: United States (64%), Minnesota (17%), South Dakota (3%)

Main connections: Minnesota, John F. Kennedy, United States Senate

Linked to: Louisiana State University, Macalester College, Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party

 

Timeline


 

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Hubert Humphrey was born in 1911 add something

 

"'Hubert Horatio Humphrey, Jr."' was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson, from 1965 to 1969 add something


1920

In the late 1920s a severe economic downturn hit Doland; both of the town's banks closed and Humphrey's father struggled to keep his drugstore open add something


1931

Born in Wallace, South Dakota, Humphrey attended the University of Minnesota before earning his pharmacist license from the Capitol College of Pharmacy in 1931 add something


1934

In 1934 Hubert began dating Muriel Buck, a bookkeeper and graduate of local Huron College add something


1936

They were married in 1936 and remained married until Humphrey's death nearly 42 years later add something


1937

He helped run his father's pharmacy until 1937 when he returned to academia, graduating with his masters from Louisiana State University in 1940, where he was a political science instructor add something

 

In 1937 he returned to the University of Minnesota and earned a Bachelor of Arts in 1939 add something


1938

Although "Humphrey was an enthusiastic supporter of every U.S. war from 1938 to 1978", in February 1960, he introduced a bill to establish a National Peace Agency add something


1940

He became an instructor and doctoral student at the University of Minnesota from 1940 to 1941 , and was a supervisor for the Works Progress Administration add something

 

Humphrey was a Willkie Republican in 1940, but during the postwar mop-up, when old American radicals were kicked out of a newly war-enamored Left, Humphrey busily extirpated Bryanism from the Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party so that the populist FL might merge with the Trumanite hawks of the Democratic Party add something


1942

In 1942 he was the state director of new production training and reemployment and chief of the Minnesota war service program add something

 

Hubert Humphrey (MLM) - Hubert Humphrey was born in 1942


1943

War Manpower Commission - In 1943 he was the assistant director of the War Manpower Commission add something

 

From 1943 to 1944, Humphrey was a professor of political science at Macalester College in Saint Paul, Minnesota, where he headed the university's recently created international debate department; a department focusing on the international politics of World War II and the creation of the United Nations add something

 

In 1943, Humphrey became a Professor of political science at Macalester College and ran a failed campaign for Mayor of Minneapolis add something

 

In 1943, Humphrey made his first run for elective office, for mayor of Minneapolis add something


1944

After leaving Macalester in the spring of 1944, Humphrey worked as a news commentator for a Minneapolis radio station until 1945 add something

 

In 1944, Humphrey was one of the key players in the merger of the Democratic and Farmer-Labor parties of Minnesota to form the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party add something

 

The same year, he worked on incumbent President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's reelection campaign in the 1944 presidential election add something


1945

Humphrey served as mayor from 1945 to 1948, he was reelected and became the co-founder of the liberal anti-communism group Americans for Democratic Action in 1947 add something

 

When in 1945 Minnesota Communists tried to seize control of the new party, Humphrey became an engaged anti-Communist and led the successful fight to oust the Communists from the DFL. add something


1946

The incumbent president, Harry S Truman, had shelved most of the recommendations of his 1946 Commission on Civil Rights, for fear of angering Southern Democrats add something


1947

He was re-elected in 1947 by the largest margin in the city's history to that time add something

 

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. - In 1947 Schlesinger, together with former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, Minneapolis mayor and future Senator and Vice President Hubert Humphrey and economist and longtime friend John Kenneth Galbraith founded Americans for Democratic Action

 

John Kenneth Galbraith - The postwar period was memorable for Galbraith because of his work, along with Eleanor Roosevelt and Hubert Humphrey, to establish a progressive policy organization Americans for Democratic Action in support of the cause of economic and social justice in 1947


1948

Humphrey was elected to the Senate in 1948, the year his proposal of ending racial segregation was included into the party platform at the Democratic National Convention, where he gave one of his most notable speeches on the convention floor, suggesting the Democratic Party "walk into the sunshine of human rights add something

 

Initially, Humphrey's support of civil rights led to his being ostracized by Southern Democrats, who dominated most of the Senate leadership positions and who wanted to punish Humphrey for proposing the successful civil rights platform at the 1948 Convention add something

 

Minnesota elected Humphrey to the United States Senate in 1948 on the DFL ticket, defeating James add something

 

Pulitzer Prize-winning historian David McCullough has written that Humphrey probably did more to get Truman elected in 1948 than anyone other than Truman himself add something

 

The Democratic Party of 1948 was split between liberals who thought the federal government should actively protect civil rights for racial minorities, and social conservatives who believed that states should be able to enforce traditional racial segregation within their borders add something

 

Walter Mondale - At the age of 20, he was visible in Minnesota politics by helping organize Hubert Humphrey's successful Senate campaign in 1948


1949

He served three terms in the Senate from 1949 to 1964 and was the Democratic Majority Whip from 1961 to 1964 add something

 

Humphrey gained national fame during these years by becoming one of the founders of the liberal anticommunist Americans for Democratic Action , where he served as chairman from 1949 to 1950, and for reforming the Minneapolis police force add something

 

Humphrey twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978 add something

 

He took office on January 3, 1949, becoming the first Democrat elected senator from the state of Minnesota since before the Civil War add something


1951

On July 14, 1951, Humphrey and actor Richard Carlson were the guests on the CBS variety show, " Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town", in which hostess Faye Emerson visited Minneapolis to accent the kinds of music popular in the city add something


1952

Humphrey ran two failed campaigns for President in the 1952 and 1960 Democratic primaries add something

 

The first time was as Minnesota's favorite son in 1952, where he received only 26 votes on the first ballot; the second time was in 1960 add something


1954

He was re-elected in 1954 and 1960 add something


1956

Coya Knutson - In 1956, as Knutson's first term in Congress drew to a close, DFL leaders back in Minnesota had decided to throw their weight behind former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson as their choice for the Democratic Party's nominee to challenge President Dwight Eisenhower in that year's presidential election, because Stevenson had indicated that he was likely to pick Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey as his running mate


1957

Peace Corps - I introduced the first Peace Corps bill in 1957 add something


1958

In 1958, Hubert and Muriel used their savings to build a lakefront home in Waverly, Minnesota, about 40 miles west of Minneapolis add something


1960

Humphrey's defeat in 1960 had a profound influence on his thinking; after the primaries he told friends that, as a relatively poor man in politics, he was unlikely to ever become President unless he served as Vice-President first add something

 

In 1960, Humphrey ran again for the Democratic presidential nomination against fellow Senator John F. Kennedy in the primaries add something

 

Robert B. Meyner - At the 1960 Democratic National Convention Meyner received 43 votes for president, finishing fifth behind John F. Kennedy , Lyndon Johnson , Stuart Symington and Adlai Stevenson and just ahead of Hubert Humphrey who received 41 votes

 

Jacque Fresco - Beginning in 1960, California lawyer, Gerald V. Barron introduced Fresco to Hubert Humphrey with whom correspondence continued through the mid-1960s

 

Richard Daley - Daley played a major role in the history of the Democratic Party, especially with his support of John F. Kennedy in 1960 and of Hubert Humphrey in 1968

 

Terence Macartney-Filgate - He was the principal cameraman on Primary, a seminal documentary about the 1960 Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary campaign between senators John F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey

 

Lyndon B. Johnson - In 1960, after the failure of the "Stop Kennedy" coalition he had formed with Adlai Stevenson, Stuart Symington, and Hubert Humphrey, Johnson received 409 votes on the only ballot at the Democratic convention, which nominated John F. Kennedy.

 

Pat Brown - More serious primary candidates were Lyndon B. Johnson, Hubert Humphrey, Adlai Stevenson II and Stuart Symington in 1960, with the nomination going to John F. Kennedy

 

Primary (film) - "'Primary"' is a 1960 Direct Cinema documentary film about the 1960 Wisconsin Primary election between John F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey for the United States Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States


1961

His colleagues selected him as majority whip in 1961, a position he held until he left the Senate on December 29, 1964 to assume the vice presidency add something


1962

Pat Brown - After his re-election victory over Richard Nixon in 1962, he was strongly considered to be Lyndon Johnson's running mate in 1964, a position that eventually went to Hubert Humphrey


1963

Lyndon B. Johnson became President on November 22, 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy add something

 

John William McCormack - Between the assassination of President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, and the swearing-in of Hubert Humphrey as Vice President on January 20, 1965, McCormack was the first person in the line of succession for the Presidency, and he received Secret Service protection

 

Carl Hayden - The second occurrence began with the November 22, 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy and continued till Hubert Humphrey became Vice President on January 20, 1965


1964

As Democratic whip in the Senate in 1964, Humphrey was instrumental in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of that year add something

 

As such, as the 1964 presidential campaign began Humphrey made clear his interest in becoming President Lyndon Johnson's running mate add something

 

During his tenure, Humphrey was the lead author of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, introduced the first initiative to create the Peace Corps, sponsored the clause of the McCarran Act to threaten concentration camps for 'subversives', proposed making Communist Party membership a felony and chaired the Select Committee on Disarmament add something

 

Humphrey ran for the Democratic presidential nomination twice before his election to the Vice Presidency in 1964 add something

 

In 1964, the Johnson/Humphrey ticket won overwhelmingly, garnering 486 electoral votes out of 538 add something

 

Johnson received the Democratic nomination for President in 1964, and he chose Humphrey as his vice presidential running mate, and both were elected in a landslide victory in the 1964 presidential election add something

 

Gene Snyder - A Barry M. Goldwater supporter, he was unseated in 1964 after only one term by former Louisville, Kentucky Mayor Charlie Farnsley, amid the gigantic Lyndon B. Johnson-Hubert H. Humphrey Democratic landslide that year

 

Walter Mondale - He was appointed U.S. Senator in late 1964 as a member of the Democratic Party upon the resignation of Hubert Humphrey, and held that post until 1976

 

Walter Mondale - Upon entering the Senate in 1964 he took over the seat of vice president Hubert Humphrey, another Norwegian-American

 

Edwin E. Willis - Willis supported United States President Lyndon B. Johnson and Vice President Hubert Humphrey in the 1964 and 1968 campaigns

 

Walter Mondale - On December 30, 1964, Mondale was appointed by Minnesota Governor Karl Rolvaag to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by Hubert Humphrey's resignation after being elected Vice President of the United States


1965

In 1965, Humphrey was made an "Honorary Life Member" of Alpha Phi Alpha, a historically African American fraternity add something

 

Humphrey took office on January 20, 1965 after he was sworn in at 11:58 A.M. by Speaker of the House John McCormack; ending the 14 month vacancy of the Office of the Vice President of the United States, vacated when then-Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the Presidency after the assassination of John F. Kennedy add something

 

Following a successful Viet Cong hit-and-run attack on the US military installations at Pleiku on February 7, 1965 , Humphrey returned from Georgia to Washington D.C., to attempt to prevent further escalation add something

 

Lyndon B. Johnson - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Immigration Act of 1965 at Liberty Island as Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Senator Edward Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and others look on.


1966

Ben J. Wattenberg - He was an aide and speechwriter to President Lyndon B. Johnson from 1966 to 1968, and served as an adviser to Hubert Humphrey's 1970 Senate race and Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson's contest for the 1972 Democratic presidential nomination, and Democratic Party presidential primaries of 1976, and served on the 1972 and 1976 Democratic National Convention platform committees


1968

After his narrow defeat in the 1968 presidential election, Humphrey wrote that "After four years as Vice-President add something

 

As 1968 began, it looked as if President Johnson, despite the rapidly decreasing approval rating of his Vietnam War policies, would easily win the Democratic nomination for a second time add something

 

He drew upon continuing support from organized labor and the African-American and Jewish communities, but remained unpopular with college students because of his association with the Vietnam War, even though he had altered his position in the years since his 1968 defeat add something

 

He was the nominee of the Democratic Party in the 1968 presidential election, losing to the Republican nominee, Richard Nixon add something

 

Humphrey initially planned to skip the primaries, as he had in 1968 add something

 

Humphrey was widely expected to remain Johnson's running mate for reelection in 1968 add something

 

After Johnson made the surprise announcement that he would not seek reelection in March 1968, Humphrey launched his campaign for the presidency the following month add something

 

On March 31, 1968, a week before the Wisconsin primary, where polls showed a strong standing for McCarthy, President Lyndon B. Johnson stunned the nation by withdrawing from his race for a second full term add something

 

Following the announcement from Johnson, Humphrey announced his presidential candidacy on April 27, 1968 add something

 

On November 5, 1968, Humphrey lost to former Vice President Richard Nixon in the general election add something

 

Zbigniew Brzezinski - For the 1968 U.S. presidential campaign, Brzezinski was chairman of the Hubert Humphrey Foreign Policy Task Force

 

Terry Sanford - He had agreed to serve as Lyndon Johnson's campaign manager in 1968 just before Johnson's withdrawal on March 31, but later took over as the campaign manager for the Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey in his race against Republican Richard Nixon for the presidency

 

Peter F. Flaherty - He supported Hubert Humphrey in 1968, Jimmy Carter in 1976 and went to New Hampshire to support Bill Clinton in his first run for the presidency

 

Shelby Storck - In 1968 Storck wrote, produced, and directed a half-hour promotional documentary on Hubert Humphrey called "What Manner of Man," which was hugely instrumental in Humphrey's sudden surge in the polls towards the end of his unsuccessful race against Richard Nixon for President of the United States

 

Maine - In 1968, Hubert Humphrey became just the second Democrat in half a century to carry Maine, perhaps because of the presence of his running mate, Maine Senator Edmund Muskie, although the state voted Republican in every presidential election in the 1970s and 1980s

 

Watergate scandal - In 1968, O'Brien was appointed by Vice President Hubert Humphrey to serve as the national director of Humphrey's presidential campaign and, separately, by Howard Hughes, to serve as Hughes' public-policy lobbyist in Washington

 

Larry O'Brien - In 1968, Vice President Hubert Humphrey appointed O'Brien to serve nationally as the director of his presidential campaign and by Howard Hughes to serve in Washington as his public-policy lobbyist

 

Jackie Robinson - Switching his allegiance to the Democrats, he subsequently supported Hubert Humphrey against Nixon in 1968

 

Frank Sinatra - The 1968 election illustrated changes in the once solidly pro-JFK Rat Pack: Peter Lawford, Sammy Davis, Jr., and Shirley MacLaine all endorsed Robert Kennedy in the spring primaries; Sinatra, Dean Martin, and Joey Bishop backed Vice-President Hubert Humphrey.

 

Harry Frank Guggenheim - The two split over the 1968 presidential election, with Guggenheim signing an editorial supporting Richard Nixon, when Moyers supported Hubert Humphrey

 

Newsday - The two split over the 1968 presidential election, with Guggenheim signing an editorial supporting Richard Nixon, when Moyers supported Hubert Humphrey

 

John Connally - There was some talk of Connally being selected as Hubert Humphrey's running mate in 1968, but the liberal Senator Edmund Muskie of Maine was instead chosen

 

Washington (state) - Washington was considered a key swing state in 1968, and it was the only western state to give its electoral votes to Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey over his Republican opponent Richard Nixon

 

Ralph Yarborough - Yarborough supported Robert F. Kennedy until his assassination, supported Eugene McCarthy until his loss in Chicago , and finally backed Hubert Humphrey for President in the pivotal campaign of 1968 against Nixon


1970

McCarthy, who was up for re-election in 1970, realized that he had only a slim chance of winning even re-nomination and declined to run add something

 

Pat Paulsen - Early in 1970, Paulsen headlined his own series, "Pat Paulsen's Half a Comedy Hour", which ran 13 weeks on ABC. Guests on the first show were former US Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and an animated Daffy Duck, whom Paulsen interviewed

 

Jeane Kirkpatrick - She became active in politics as a Democrat in the 1970s, and was involved in the later campaigns of former Vice President and Democratic presidential candidate Hubert Humphrey


1971

Humphrey returned to teaching in Minnesota before returning to the Senate in 1971 add something

 

Humphrey won the nomination, defeated Republican Congressman Clark MacGregor, and returned to the U.S. Senate on January 3, 1971 add something


1972

In 1972, Humphrey once again ran for the Democratic nomination for president add something

 

David Fromkin - In the 1972 Democratic primary campaign, he served as a foreign-policy adviser to candidate Hubert Humphrey


1973

He appeared on "The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast" in 1973 add something


1975

Bob Filner - Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota in 1975 and for Minnesota Congressman Don Fraser in 1976.


1976

He was re-elected in 1976, and remained in office until his death add something

 

Humphrey briefly considered mounting a campaign for the Democratic nomination from the Convention once again in 1976, when the primaries seemed likely to result in a deadlock, but ultimately decided against it add something

 

Humphrey ran for Majority Leader after the 1976 election but lost to Robert Byrd of West Virginia add something


1977

On August 16, 1977, Humphrey revealed he was suffering from terminal bladder cancer add something

 

On October 25, 1977, he addressed the Senate, and on November 3, 1977, Humphrey became the first person other than a member of the House or the President of the United States to address the House of Representatives in session add something


1978

A watered-down version called the "Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act" passed the House and Senate in 1978 add something

 

He became the first Deputy President pro tempore of the senate and served in his seat until his death in 1978 add something

 

In 1978, Humphrey received the U.S. Senator John Heinz award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson awards add something


Hubert Humphrey died in 1978 add something

 

He died on January 13, 1978 of bladder cancer at his home in Waverly, Minnesota add something

 

Brian Coyle - In 1978, Coyle ran as an independent candidate for US Senator, in a special election to complete the term of Hubert Humphrey

 

United States Agency for International Development - In 1978, legislation drafted at the request of Senator Hubert Humphrey was introduced to create a Cabinet-level International Development Cooperation Agency , whose intended role was to supervise USAID in place of the State Department

 

Richard Nixon - Nixon joins Gerald_Ford and President Jimmy_Carter at the White House for the funeral of former Vice President Hubert Humphrey, 1978.


 

He was awarded posthumously the Congressional Gold Medal on June 13, 1979 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1980 add something


1981

Muriel Humphrey remarried in 1981 and took the name Muriel Humphrey Brown add something


1998

She died in 1998 at the age of 86 and is interred next to Hubert Humphrey add something


1999

Lucianne Goldberg - When Jeffrey Toobin published his 1999 book, "A Vast Conspiracy", that alleged Goldberg had told friends that she had an affair with Lyndon Johnson, and a "Washington Post" writer claimed he and others had overheard Goldberg bragging about an affair with Vice President Hubert Humphrey as well, Goldberg threatened Tobin and Random House with a libel suit, denied both affairs, and denied telling any such stories


2001

Hubert Humphrey (MLM) - Hubert Humphrey eventually sold select assets of World Marketing Alliance to Aegon in 2001


2002

New York, N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002 add something


2003

New York, N.Y.: Little, Brown and Company, 2003 add something


2006

Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2006 add something