Knowledge Identifier: $Idaho
Category: Environment (330)
Launched in -5000.
Countries: United States (75%), (11%), India (2%)
Linked to: Republican Party, Democratic Party, National Collegiate Athletic Association, Constitution Party
The Lewis and Clark expedition crossed Idaho in 1805 on the way to the Pacific and in 1806 on the return, largely following the Clearwater River both directions
The first non-indigenous settlement was Kullyspell House, established on the shore of Lake Pend Oreille for fur trading in 1809 by David Thompson of the North West Company
In 1812 Donald Mackenzie, working for the Pacific Fur Company at the time, established a post on the lower Clearwater River near present-day Lewiston
Benjamin Bonneville - In the spring of 1833, Bonneville explored along the Snake River in present-day Idaho, drifting into the head of the Salmon River and eventually into Fort Nez Perce
From 1843 to 1849, present-day Idaho was under the de facto jurisdiction of the Provisional Government of Oregon
Isaac Stevens - The tensions between the whites and the Native Americans would be left for others to resolve—Stevens is often charged with responsibility for the later conflicts in eastern Washington and Idaho, especially the war fought by the United States against Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce, but these events were decades away when Isaac Stevens left Washington for good in 1857
In the early 1860s, when the United States Congress was considering organizing a new territory in the Rocky Mountains, eccentric lobbyist George M. Willing suggested the name "Idaho", which he claimed was derived from a Shoshone language term meaning "the sun comes from the mountains" or "gem of the mountains"
The 1861 Nez Percé county has since been broken up into Nez Percé, Lewis, Boundary, Benewah, Latah, Kootenai, and Clearwater counties
Thomas C. Stanford - In 1884, at age nineteen he moved to Albion, Idaho
Bill Haywood - In 1896, Ed Boyce, president of the Western Federation of Miners, spoke at the Idaho silver mine where Haywood was working
Hec Edmundson - He is responsible for organizing the Idaho cross country team in 1908, which set the foundation for a team that would win nine Pacific Coast Conference titles
Hec Edmundson - He returned to Idaho as both track and basketball coach in 1916 and his basketball teams compiled a 20-9 record in two seasons
Abe Goff - He worked as a special lecturer at the University of Idaho law school from 1933 to 1941
Central Idaho is home to one of North America's oldest ski resorts, Sun Valley, where the world's first chairlift was installed in 1936
Henry Dworshak - In 1938 Dworshak won the open House seat in the Idaho Second Congressional District
Abe Goff - In 1940, he was made president of the Idaho Bar Association
Abe Goff - In 1941, he was elected to the Idaho State Senate
Terrel Bell - After earning a B.A. from the Southern Idaho College of Education at Albion in 1946, Bell started a career as a high school teacher and bus driver
Moondog - In 1949 he traveled to a Blackfoot Sun Dance in Idaho where he performed on percussion and flute, returning to the Native American music he first came in contact with as a child
Judy Garland performed the elaborate song-and-dance routine "Born in a Trunk in the Princess Theater in Pocatello, Idaho" in the 1954 version of the film "A Star is Born"
Excavations at Wilson Butte Cave near Twin Falls in 1959 revealed evidence of human activity, including arrowheads, that rank among the oldest dated artifacts in North America
James A. McClure - During this span, he was a member of the Idaho State Senate, serving from 1961 to 1966
James A. McClure - In the 1966 election, McClure ran for the U.S. House from Idaho's first Congressional district
Vardis Fisher - Fisher died in 1968, at the age of 73, in Hagerman, Idaho
Harmon Killebrew - Killebrew started the 1968 season in a different venue; he served as a prosecution witness in a case where his name was being used to sell stocks in Idaho, unknown to him
Larry Craig - In 1969 he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of Idaho
However, Democrats did hold the governorship from 1971 to 1995, despite the state's Republican tilt
Dirk Kempthorne - Kempthorne attended and graduated from San Gorgonio High School in San Bernardino, California. He attended San Bernardino Valley College, transferred to the University of Idaho, where he graduated in 1975 with a degree in political science, and served a term as student body president
Edward Kienholz - In 1977 he opened "The Faith and Charity in Hope Gallery" at their Idaho studio.
Butch Otter - Otter ran for Governor of Idaho in 1978.
Larry Craig - In 1980, Craig was elected to an open seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Idaho's 1st congressional district
Randy Weaver - To follow Vicki's vision of her family surviving the apocalypse in a remote area, the Weaver family moved to a property in remote Ruby Ridge, Idaho, and built a cabin there in the early 1980s
Dennis Erickson - A pre-season playoff pick, Idaho finished the disappointing 1981 season with six consecutive losses, and were winless in seven games in the Big Sky
Mike Crapo - His brother Terry Crapo was majority leader in the Idaho House of Representatives and a growing political figure until his death from leukemia in 1982
Mike Crapo - Terry Crapo's death from leukemia in 1982 prompted Crapo to run for an open seat in the Idaho Senate
Mike Simpson - In 1984 he was elected to the first of seven terms in the Idaho State House of Representatives.
Mike Crapo - Mike Crapo, prompted by his brother's death, successfully ran for the Idaho Senate in 1984
Butch Otter - In 1986, Otter returned to politics and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Idaho.
Mike Crapo - He became Senate President "pro tempore" from 1988 to 1992, in which position he served as Acting Governor of Idaho for 12 hours in January 1989
Mike Crapo - On January 27, 1989 Crapo served as acting governor of Idaho for 12 hours
Dawn Wells - Wells spent summers in her early years in the Teton Valley of eastern Idaho, and relocated there in the 1990s
River Phoenix and Keanu Reeves starred in the 1991 movie "My Own Private Idaho", portions of which take place in Idaho
Butch Otter - In 1991, when the Idaho Senate was evenly divided between 21 Republicans and 21 Democrats, Otter's tie-breaking votes kept the body under GOP control.
However, Republican margins were narrower in 1992 and 1976
Mike Simpson - Simpson served as Speaker of the Idaho State House of Representatives from 1993 until his election to the U.S. Congress.
Edward Kienholz - Kienholz died suddeny in Idaho on June 10, 1994, from a heart attack while hiking in the mountains near their home
Randy Weaver - In 1997, the District Attorney for Boundary County, Idaho charged Horiuchi with involuntary manslaughter, but the indictment was removed to federal jurisdiction based on the Supremacy Clause and eventually dismissed at the federal prosecutor's request
Tisha Sterling - Sterling has now retired from acting and currently resides as a florist in Ketchum, Idaho with her daughter, Heidi Bates Hogan, and where her mother, Ann Southern, lived for many years until her death in 2001
In the 2006 elections, Republicans, led by gubernatorial candidate CL "Butch" Otter, won all the state's constitutional offices and retained both of the state's seats in the United States House of Representatives
Larry Craig - However, in late 2006 he appeared to endorse the right of individual states to create same-sex civil unions, but said he would vote "yes" on an Idaho constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages when pressured to clarify his position by the anti-gay rights advocacy group "Families for a Better Idaho"
Larry Craig - In 2007, Idaho Hall of Fame Association inducted Larry Craig into the Idaho Hall of Fame, despite his well-publicized arrest and guilty plea in an airport sex sting, following the failure to appeal
Dawn Wells - While driving home from her birthday party celebration on October 18, 2007, Wells was observed swerving across the roadway, was found in possession of marijuana and was arrested by Idaho police
According to the Pew Research Center on Religion & Public Life, the self-identified religious affiliations of Idahoans over the age of 18 in 2008 and 2014 were:
Mike Simpson - In 2010, Simpson took up the cause, alongside his former Democratic colleague, Walt Minnick, the lead sponsor of the bill, to secure a third federal judge for Idaho.
Dennis Erickson - As of August 2012, Erickson was out of coaching and residing near Coeur d'Alene in northern Idaho
In 2014, Idaho emerged as the second most small business friendly state, ranking behind Utah, based on a study drawing upon data from over 12,000 small business owners
Butch Otter - In May 2016, CCA, which had by changed its name to CoreCivic, was found in contempt of court for having failed to comply with a court order regarding the Idaho State Correctional Institution
Butch Otter - In May 2016, CCA, which had changed its name to CoreCivic, was found in contempt of court for having failed to comply with a court order regarding the Idaho State Correctional Institution
The current governor is Republican Brad Little, who was elected in 2018