International Rescue Committee

Knowledge Identifier: &International_Rescue_Committee


International Rescue Committee

Nonsectarian, non-governmental international relief and development nonprofit organization based in New York, USA with offices in the UK and Belgium and operations in 22 US cities and over 40 countries add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1933.

Countries: United States (16%), Haiti (13%), (13%)

Main connections: Haiti, Columbia University, Leo Cherne

Linked to: Columbia University, International Relief Association, Rice University, Soviet Union




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Composed of first responders, humanitarian relief workers, international development experts, health care providers, and educators, the IRC has assisted millions of people around the world since its founding in 1933 add something


In 1933, the American branch of the European-based International Relief Association was founded at the suggestion of Albert Einstein, in order to assist Germans suffering under Adolf Hitler's government add something


In 1940, the Emergency Rescue Committee was formed to aid European refugees trapped in Vichy France add something


In 1942, IRA and ERC joined forces under the name International Relief and Rescue Committee, which was later shortened to the "International Rescue Committee" add something


Varian Fry - In 1942, the Emergency Rescue Committee and the American branch of the European-based International Relief Association joined forces under the name the International Relief and Rescue Committee, which was later shortened to the &International_Rescue_Committee.


Leo Cherne, an IRC board member since 1946, was elected IRC Chairman in 1951 add something


With the descent of the Iron Curtain in 1946, the IRC initiated a resettlement program for East European refugees, which continued until the end of the Cold War add something


In 1950, the IRC intensified its aid in Europe with Project Berlin, which provided food to the people of West Berlin amid increased Soviet oppression add something


In 1960, an IRC resettlement program began for Cuban refugees fleeing the Castro dictatorship and for Haitian refugees escaping the Duvalier regime add something


IRC operations were extended to Africa in 1962, when 200,000 Angolans fled to Zaire add something


During the 1982 war in Lebanon, the IRC assisted Palestinian and Lebanese refugees add something


Spanish Refugee Aid, which served the survivors of the Spanish Civil War in France, became a division of the IRC in 1984 add something


Partnering with the Polish trade union movement Solidarity in 1987, the IRC began a health care program in Poland add something


Relief programs to assist Mozambican refugees in Malawi began in 1987 add something


In 1992, the IRC began work in the former Yugoslavia, first dealing with the consequences of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and later launching community rehabilitation programs in Bosnia add something


In 1994, the IRC set up emergency programs in Tanzania and Zaire to aid refugees fleeing genocide and civil war in Rwanda add something


Also in 1997, the IRC opened a UK office add something


IRC operations began inside Kosovo in 1997 and were expanded in 1999 to meet the needs of Kosovar refugees in Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro and Bosnia add something


The IRC is one of the largest providers of humanitarian assistance in Congo, where conflict and humanitarian crisis have taken the lives of 5,4 million people since 1998, according to peer-reviewed studies by the IRC. The organization runs programs dedicated to health, education, civil society development, emergency response and reducing gender-based violence, in seven Congolese provinces add something


The fifth survey put the excess-death toll between August 1998 and April 2007 at 5,4 million add something


In 1999, the IRC launched emergency operations in East Timor add something


In 2000, the IRC launched emergency shelter, sanitation and education programs for Chechen refugees fleeing fighting between Russian forces and separatist Chechen rebels add something


Since 2002, the IRC has provided medical care, counseling and economic support services to over 40,000 women and girls who have survived sexual violence in Congo add something


In 2003, IRC programs in West Africa expanded to serve the growing populations of refugees and displaced persons uprooted by civil conflict add something


The IRC responded to the war in Iraq by providing water and sanitation and health care support from 2003 to 2005 add something


The IRC conducted operations across Iraq from April 2003 through December 2004 add something


Since its opening in 2005, the Resettlement Support Center in the Thai capital Bangkok has assisted over 90,000 people seeking admission to the United States as refugees add something


In 2007, the IRC launched a campaign to aid and support displaced Iraqis add something


The organization resumed operations there in 2007, and is now expanding programs throughout the country add something


Recent IRC Emergency Response Team deployments include Darfur, Indonesia after the South Asian tsunami, Myanmar after the 2008 cyclone, and Haiti after the 2010 earthquake add something


IRC affiliate the Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children became the Women's Refugee Commission in 2009 add something


In 2010, notable operations included disaster response in the wake of the earthquake in Haiti, ongoing programs to address the humanitarian crisis in Congo and to help community rebuilding efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and advocacy and resettlement efforts on behalf of Iraqis uprooted by the war add something


Following the earthquake in January 2010, the IRC deployed its Emergency Response Team to Haiti to deliver help to the devastated city of Port-au-Prince add something


As of March 2010, the IRC had over 8,000 staff members add something


Ed Miliband - Upon David's announcement in 2013 that he would resign as a Labour MP and move to New York to head the International Rescue Committee, Miliband said that British politics would be "a poorer place" without him, and that he thought David "would once again make a contribution to British public life


Syrian civil war - On 14 January 2013, the International Rescue Committee released a report stating many refugees flee Syria due to a widespread fear of rape


It had been announced on 27 March 2013 that Miliband would succeed Rupp in September 2013 add something


Until September 2013, the previous president was George Erik Rupp, who had formerly been the president of Columbia University and Rice University add something


David Miliband - Miliband became the President and CEO of the International Rescue Committee on September 1, 2013


In 2016 the IRC published the "Outcomes and Evidence Framework," an interactive tool that aims to create a framework for guiding humanitarian decision-making using theories of change and research evidence add something


As of June 2018, the IRC had over 11,000 staff members add something


In July 2018, IRC was behind the Welcome Home initiative to give tours and activities for refugees in New York City and Northern California add something


On August 5, 2018, it was reported that the agency had lowered its staff number in Georgia after refugee arrivals decreased add something


The year is 2019 March 15 Friday, two days ago it was Friday the 13th add something