Federal Communications Commission
Internet Society
(Retail and On-line shopping)
Ajit Pai

See also



Knowledge Identifier: $Internet



Global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (''TCPIP'') to serve billions of users worldwide add

Category: Technology (10)

Launched in 1960.

Countries: United States (40%), (31%), United Kingdom (6%)

Main connections: Federal Communications Commission, Internet Society, Net neutrality

Linked to: Internet Engineering Task Force, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, National Science Foundation, Apple Inc.




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Internet.


Merit Network, Tymnet, and Telenet, were developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s using a variety of protocols add something


The origins of the Internet reach back to research commissioned by the United States government in the 1960s to build robust, fault-tolerant communication via computer networks add something


The principles of the routing and addressing methods for traffic in the Internet reach back to their origins in the 1960s when the eventual scale and popularity of the network could not be anticipated add something


The first two nodes of what would become the ARPANET were interconnected between Leonard Kleinrock's Network Measurement Center at the UCLA's School of Engineering and Applied Science and Douglas Engelbart's NLS system at SRI International in Menlo Park, California, on 29 October 1969 add something


Starting in the early 1970s the term "internet" was used as a shorthand form of the technical term internetwork, the result of interconnecting computer networks with special gateways or routers add something


While online gaming has been around since the 1970s, modern modes of online gaming began with subscription services such as GameSpy and MPlayer add something


Bo Peabody - "'Bo Peabody"' is an entrepreneur, venture capitalist and Internet executive who co-founded, one of the earliest dot-coms, in 1992


In an early sign of future growth, there were already fifteen sites connected to the young ARPANET by the end of 1971 add something


Bob Kahn - Vint Cerf joined him on the project in the spring of 1973, and together they completed an early version of TCP. Later, it was separated into two separate layers, with the more basic functions being moved to the Internet Protocol


Notable exceptions were the "Norwegian Seismic Array" in June 1973, followed in 1973 by Sweden with satellite links to the Tanum Earth Station and Peter T. Kirstein's research group in the UK, initially at the Institute of Computer Science, University of London and later at University College London add something


Commercial internet service providers began to emerge in the late 1980s and early 1990s add something


The funding of a new U.S. backbone by the National Science Foundation in the 1980s, as well as private funding for other commercial backbones, led to worldwide participation in the development of new networking technologies, and the merger of many networks add something


Anton Maiden - "'Anton Gustafsson"' better known by his stage name "'Anton Maiden"', achieved Internet fame around 1999 by singing over MIDI and MOD-versions of Iron Maiden songs


Access to the ARPANET was expanded in 1981 when the National Science Foundation developed the Computer Science Network add something


David D. Clark - From 1981 to 1989, he acted as chief protocol architect in the development of the Internet, and chaired the Internet Activities Board, which later became the Internet Architecture Board


Kurt Eichenwald - Eichenwald had been employed by the "Times" since 1986 and primarily covered Wall Street and corporate topics such as insider trading, accounting scandals, and takeovers, but wrote about a range of issues including terrorism, the Bill Clinton pardons controversy, Federal health care policy, and sexual predators on the Internet


Mark P. McCahill - In 1989, McCahill lead the team at the University of Minnesota that developed one of the first popular Internet e-mail clients, POPmail, for the Macintosh


The ARPANET was decommissioned in 1990 add something


The commercialization of what was by the 1990s an international network resulted in its popularization and incorporation into virtually every aspect of modern human life add something


The idea began in the early 1990s with walkie-talkie-like voice applications for personal computers add something


When the Web began in the 1990s, a typical web page was stored in completed form on a web server, formatted in HTML, ready to be sent to a user's browser in response to a request add something


Mark P. McCahill - Gopher's menu-based hypermedia combined with full-text search engines paved the way for the popularization of the World Wide Web and was the "de facto" standard for Internet information systems in the early to mid 1990s


Adam C. Engst - He has written many technical books, including the best-selling "Internet Starter Kit" series in the 1990s, books on Eudora and $iPhoto, and magazine articles for MacUser, MacWEEK, and Macworld


Martin Sjardijn - In 1990 he began to use the Internet to work with virtual reality, such as head-mounted displays and Datagloves with tactile


David D. Clark - In 1990 he was awarded the SIGCOMM Award in recognition of his major contributions to Internet protocol and architecture


George Gilder - In the 1990s he became an enthusiastic evangelist of technology and the Internet through several books and his newsletter the "Gilder Technology Report"


Kim Ki-young - In the early 1990s Kim's work began to be rediscovered by South Korean cult film fans who discussed his films through the Internet and exchanged hard-to-find copies by videotape


Mike Webb (radio host) - In the late 1990s, Webb worked for John McMullen on his Internet radio project, GayBC Radio Network


Bradley Willman - In the late 1990s, Willman began tracking and investigating people who downloaded child porn from the Internet


Ken McCarthy - McCarthy is best known for his pioneering work in the movement to commercialize the Internet in the first part of the 1990s, including early experiments with legitimate e-mail advertising, contributions to the development of the banner ad, practical applications of pay-per-click advertising and Internet video


Steven McGeady - McGeady ran the software, multimedia, data security, and Internet programs within this group for most of the 1990s


Steven McGeady - McGeady was Vice-President of Intel's Multimedia, Communications, and Internet activities from 1990 through 1996, where he led the development of the first desktop video-compression software for the PC, Intel's early implementations of multimedia network broadcast protocols, the first products to combine television and web pages, online virtual communities, the Java language, and data security infrastructure


Kim Ki-young - Neglected by the mainstream during much of the 1990s, Kim became a cult figure in South Korean film Internet forums in the early 1990s


World Wide Web - Publication on the Internet created what Tim Berners-Lee first called the "WorldWideWeb" in November 1990


Mark P. McCahill - In 1991, McCahill led the original Gopher development team , which invented a simple way to navigate distributed information resources on the Internet


Cambridge SoundWorks - In 1991, the company opened its first retail location in Newton, Massachusetts, and in 1994 sold its first products on the Internet, using the Compuserve network


Bob Kahn - In 1992 he co-founded with Vint Cerf the Internet Society, to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy


Ashish Gulhati - His articles and columns in PCQuest and Dataquest magazines in 1993 and 1994 were among the first in the mainstream Indian computing press to inform thousands of readers about alternative operating systems, Unix, Linux, open-source software, Email, the Internet and the World Wide Web, years before Internet access was commercially available in India


Jim Crockett, Jr. - Crockett attempted a return to wrestling with a wrestling Internet broadcast network in 1994 called the World Wrestling Network


Tristan Louis - In 1994 and 1995, as publisher of iWorld , part of the Mecklermedia group of Internet online media companies, Louis first became involved in online politics on Usenet, particularly the newsgroup "alt


Tristan Louis - In 1994-1995, Louis served as editor on a number of guides to the Internet


Ken McCarthy - In a talk at Pacific Bell in 1994, McCarthy described in detail the new content marketing and distribution model the Internet was making possible, a model now sometimes referred to as The Long Tail


Ken McCarthy - In the summer of 1994, McCarthy commissioned Hank Duderstadt, head of the Video SIG for the San Francisco chapter of the International Interactive Communications Society , to write a cover story for the Internet Gazette on the potential of streaming video on the Internet


Robert McHenry - McHenry played a key role in the launch in 1994 of the "Encyclopædia Britannica" in two electronic forms; a CD-ROM version, "Britannica CD", and an Internet version, "Britannica Online", which was the first Internet-based encyclopedia - The company was founded in 1994, spurred by what Bezos called his "regret minimization framework", which described his efforts to fend off any regrets for not participating sooner in the Internet business boom during that time


The Internet was commercialized in 1995 when NSFNET was decommissioned, removing the last restrictions on the use of the Internet to carry commercial traffic add something


Renzo Rosso - In 1995, Diesel became the first major fashion brand to embrace the Internet with the launch of www


Will Harvey - In 1995, Harvey founded Sandcastle, an Internet technology company that addressed the network latency problems underlying virtual worlds and massively multiplayer games


RealNetworks - RealNetworks were pioneers in the streaming media markets and broadcast one of the earlier audio events over the Internet - a baseball game between the Yankees and Seattle Mariners - on September 5th, 1995


Sean Lahman - Starting in 1995, he made this database freely available for download from the Internet, helping to launch a new era of baseball research by making the raw data available to everyone


Bigfoot Communications - They started out in 1995 during the dot-com era, as an e-mail forwarding service provider, and survived the dot-com bust to become a player in the Internet messaging arena


Clay Shirky - He has written and been interviewed about the Internet since 1996


John Bollinger - In 1996 Bollinger recognized the potential of the Internet for financial analysis and began the programming for www


Markus Hess - In 1996 Ian Probert wrote a short book "The Internet Incident", which was published under the title "The Internet Spy"


Jason Snell - In 1996, Snell co-founded Internet humor and commentary site


Keith Henson - In 1996, many of Scientology's secret writings were released onto the Internet, and the Church of Scientology embarked on a massive worldwide campaign to keep them from being spread to the general public


Corey Rudl - In response to the demand for his advice, in 1996 Rudl founded the Internet Marketing Center, where he taught techniques and strategies that stemmed from his own experience, generating revenue from training, publications, seminars and memberships


World Wide Web - The Internet Archive, active since 1996, is the best known of such efforts


E-Loan - E-Loan was founded by Janina Pawlowski and Chris Larsen in 1997 to provide customers with access to mortgage loans over the Internet


Joshua Fouts - In 1997 he co-founded the USC Annenberg Online Journalism and Communication Center, which he directed, and co-founded and edited its flagship publication, OJR, The Online Journalism Review, the first online-only digital media magazine chronicling how the Internet was changing the face of journalism before the journalism industry took serious notice


Charles Nesson - In 1997, he co-founded Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society


Alan Kotok - Kotok coordinated a birds of a feather meeting on "Selection of Payment Vehicle for Internet Purchases" on April 7, 1997 at WWW6 in Santa Clara, California


Joe Firmage - USWeb stock became publicly traded in December 1997, as the company sought to achieve critical mass in an atmosphere Firmage acknowledged was an Internet bubble


Jack Valenti - In 1998 Valenti lobbied for the controversial Digital Millennium Copyright Act, arguing that copyright infringement via the Internet would severely damage the record and movie industries


Vice Presidency of Al Gore - On April 28, 1998, Gore honored numerous volunteers who had been involved with NetDay and "who helped connect students to the Internet in 700 of the poorest schools in the country" via "an interactive online session with children across the country


John Perry Barlow - Since May 1998, he has been a Fellow at Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet and Society


Denyce Graves - Michigan Opera Theatre - She performed the opera "Werther" with Andrea Bocelli for the Michigan Opera Theatre, the first opera broadcast on the Internet in its entirety in 1999


Qualys - Qualys was founded in 1999 at the height of the technology bubble, when Internet security was beginning to appear on executive agendas


From 2000 to 2009, the number of Internet users globally rose from 394 million to 1,858 billion add something


Vice Presidency of Al Gore - Gore stated that the administration planned "to connect every classroom to the Internet by the year 2000


Daniel Schneidermann - In 2000, Schneidermann published "The Lunacy of the Internet," a book which reprinted a series of articles originally published over the course of the summer in "Le Monde


Grant-Lee Phillips - Phillips signed to the Boston-based indie label Rounder Records and launched a solo career, issuing "Ladies' Love Oracle" over the Internet in 2000


Eurovision Song Contest - Since 2000, the contest has been broadcast over the Internet, with more than 74,000 people in almost 0140 countries having watched the 2006 edition online


Jonathan Zittrain - Between 2001 and 2003 at Harvard's Berkman Center, Zittrain and Benjamin Edelman studied Internet filtering


Angela Shelton - In 2001, Shelton undertook the production of a documentary in which she travelled the United States in an effort to interview 40 of the 76 anonymous women, who shared her name, whom she found while searching the Internet


Sathya Sai Baba - The "Vancouver Sun" in 2001 reported that Sathya Sai Baba told his adherents not to browse the Internet due to allegations rapidly circulating on various Internet websites and in a few newspapers


Jeffrey Peterson - In July 2001, Peterson founded Internet search company Vayala Corporation with Brian Long Lu, son of Asian technology mogul Hong Liang Lu, and Mike Marriott


Gisle Hannemyr - Norwegian Computer Society - In 2002, Hannemyr was *awarded the Norwegian Computer Society's Rosing Academy's Rosing's Honour *award, and in 2003, a vote among the Norwegian members of First Tuesday declared him Internet personality of the decade


David Duke - On February 5, 2002, Duke said, on his Internet radio show, that Ariel Sharon was "the world's worst terrorist" and that Mossad was involved in the September 11 attacks


Digital Millennium Copyright Act - In July 2002, American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit on the behalf of Benjamin Edelman, a computer researcher at Berkman Center for Internet and Society, seeking a declaratory judgment to affirm his first amendment rights when reverse engineering the censorware product of defendant N2H2 in case he intended to publish the finding


Gray Davis - In September 2002, Governor Davis signed bills to ensure age verification was obtained for cigarettes and other tobacco products sold over the Internet or through the mail, ensured that all state taxes are being fully paid on tobacco purchases and increased the penalty for possessing or purchasing untaxed cigarettes


Cyberslacking can become a drain on corporate resources; the average UK employee spent 57 minutes a day surfing the Web while at work, according to a 2003 study by Peninsula Business Services add something


Jonathan Zittrain - In 2003 Zittrain said he was concerned that Congress will hear the same arguments after the 20-year extension passes, and that the Internet is causing a "cultural reassessment of the meaning of copyright"


Gonzalo Rodriguez Risco - In 2003 he wrote Taxi Scene as part of Webs We Weave, an international playwriting project via the Internet


Daniel Schneidermann - On the other hand, in 2003 Schneidermann himself fired a freelance employee of "Arrêt sur images" and a moderator of the Internet forum, whom he accused of behavior contrary to the principles of the program


Verisign - Verisign divested the Network Solutions retail business in 2003, retaining the domain name registry function as its core Internet addressing business


Salam Pax - Subsequent entries discussed the chaotic postwar economy, and a June 1, 2003, post appeared to celebrate an anarchist effort, centered in the western Al-Adel Neighborhood of Baghdad , to provide free Internet access to all of Iraq


The presidential campaign of Howard Dean in 2004 in the United States was notable for its success in soliciting donation via the Internet add something


Fiona Apple - In 2004 and 2005, tracks were leaked on the Internet in MP3 format and played on U.S. and international radio


Telefonica - Telefónica offers EvDO-based Internet access at low rates from 2004 and owns movistar, the first and larger mobile operator of Venezuela, being in second place movilnet of CANTV


In an American study in 2005, the percentage of men using the Internet was very slightly ahead of the percentage of women, although this difference reversed in those under 30 add something


Kiva pioneered this concept in 2005, offering the first web-based service to publish individual loan profiles for funding add something


Ken McCarthy - In 2005, inspired by the launches of YouTube and Google Video, McCarthy began an online publication on Internet video called The System Video Blog


Jeph Jacques - "'Deathmøle"' is a virtual post-metal band, whose works are available over the Internet, created by Jeph Jacques in 2005


YouTube was founded on 15 February 2005 and is now the leading website for free streaming video with a vast number of users add something


Brian Reid (computer scientist) - Since July 2005, Reid has worked at the Internet Systems Consortium, where he holds the post of staff scientist


Simonetta Stefanelli - A hoax that Stefanelli had died appeared on Internet in 2006, and again in 2008


Softdisk - As of 2006, their Web site redirects to that of Bayou $ Internet, which has taken over their Internet operations


Rick Boucher - He was named Politician of the Year for 2006 by "Library Journal", largely due to his efforts to protect the fair use doctrine and expand Internet technologies to rural areas


Samuel Delbert Clark - In 2006, he was succeeded by Barry Wellman, a scholar of the Internet, community and social networks


Joe Sebok - Poker Road has been on a reduced schedule over the last year, which Sebok has cited to a lack of sponsorship available in the US market after the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006


Chad Collyer - Following a lengthy absence, Collyer returned to the HWA on March 19, 2006, wrestling Nigel McGuinness at the Internet pay-per-view "CyberClash"


More recent studies indicate that in 2008, women significantly outnumbered men on most social networking sites, such as Facebook and Myspace, although the ratios varied with age add something


Mike Gravel - His campaign gained an Internet following and national attention due to forceful, humorous and politically unorthodox debate appearances during 2007, but showed very little support in national polls or in 2008 caucuses and primaries


Raihanul Abedin - In 2008, the online billing system was introduced for the utility board and it heralded mixed signals from the citizens mainly because of spotty Internet services and in 2009, WASA increased water tariff by 20 percent, only after a month after a five percent increase in tariff


Jonathan Zittrain - Reactions in the "Boston Review" accompanied the publication of his book, "The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It", in 2008


Howard Dean - "The New York Observer" attributed Barack Obama's success in the 2008 U.S. presidential election to his perfection of the Internet organizing model that Dean pioneered


In 2009 the US-based nonprofit Zidisha tapped into this trend to offer the first person-to-person microfinance platform to link lenders and borrowers across international borders without intermediaries add something


David Duke - As of 2009, it was confirmed that David Duke was living in Zell am See in Salzburg, Austria, from which he ran the Internet business "Art by Ernst", taking and selling photographs of rare birds, mountain scenery and wildlife under the pseudonym "Ernst Duke"


Jonathan Zittrain - In 2009 Zittrain was elected to the Internet Society's board of trustees for a four-year term


Jesus Mosterin - In 2009 he has completed a thoroughgoing analysis of the forces driving cultural change, paying special attention to the role of Internet and other factors of information technology


By 2010, 22 percent of the world's population had access to computers with 1 billion Google searches every day, 300 million Internet users reading blogs, and 2 billion videos viewed daily on YouTube add something - In 2010, Amazon was reported as being the largest single source of Internet consumer reviews


Michael F. Doyle - In 2010, he was given the Digital Patriot Award , along with Vint Cerf, one of the creators of the technology that runs the Internet.


Verisign - Prior to selling its certificate business to Symantec in 2010, Verisign had more than 3,000,000 certificates in operation for everything from military to financial services and retail applications, making it the largest CA behind the encryption and authentication on the Internet, which most people recognize as the small padlock icon in their Web browser when shopping online or logging into a secure website


Mark P. McCahill - In February 2010, Mark McCahill was revealed by Peter Ludlow to be the Internet persona Pixeleen Mistral, the editor of "The Alphaville Herald", a newspaper covering virtual worlds founded by Ludlow


Julius Genachowski - In May 2010, the FCC proposed an Open Internet Order with net neutrality rules that required Internet service providers not block websites or impose certain limits on users


Verisign - On November 29, 2010, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement issued seizure orders against 82 Web sites with .com Internet addresses that were reported to be involved in the illegal sale and distribution of counterfeit goods


However, the explosive growth of the Internet has led to IPv4 address exhaustion, which entered its final stage in 2011, when the global address allocation pool was exhausted add something


Land cables are vulnerable, as in 2011 when a woman digging for scrap metal severed most connectivity for the nation of Armenia add something


Keenan Cahill - Cahill's Internet success was first reported in early 2011 around the same time that he was featured on MTV and Chelsea Lately


Erika Slezak - On November 23, 2011, Prospect Park executives announced that they would not be financially able to go forward with moving "One Life to Live" and "All My Children" to the Internet, thus, ending the series; members of "OLTL" have since migrated in their former roles in continuity on ABC's sole remaining soap, "General Hospital"


Mitchell Baker - In 2012, Baker was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame by the Internet Society


Julius Genachowski - In 2012, Genachowski appointed Harvard law professor Jonathan Zittrain to chair an FCC Open Internet Advisory Committee created to evaluate the effectiveness of the neutrality rules


Bob Kahn - In 2012, Kahn was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame by the Internet Society


Jonathan Zittrain - "Foreign Policy" named Zittrain one of its 2012 Top 100 Global Thinkers "for staring down the Internet's enemies"


Julius Genachowski - In July 2012, the FCC settled an investigation into Verizon Wireless over violation of open Internet rules on its 700MHz spectrum


Internet - In 2014 world's internet users surpassed 3 billion or 43,6 percent of world population, but two-thirds of the users came from richest countries, with 78,0 percent of Europe countries population used internet and followed by 57,4 percent of the Americas add something


The National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency of the United States Department of Commerce, had final approval over changes to the DNS root zone until the IANA stewardship transition on the 1st of October 2016 add something


The National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency of the United States Department of Commerce, had final approval over changes to the DNS root zone until the IANA stewardship transition on 1 October 2016 add something


Internet - According to the International Telecommunication Union , by the end of 2017, an estimated 48 per cent of individuals regularly connect to the internet, up from 34 per cent in 2012 add something


Internet - The number of China's internet users surpassed a major miletsone in 2018, when the country's internet regulatory authority, China Internet Network Information Centre, announced that there were 802 million internet users in China add something


Internet - By 2019, China was the world's leading country in terms of internet users, with more than 800 million users, followed closely by India, with some 700 million users, with USA a distant third with 275 million users add something