Knowledge Identifier: $Iowa
Category: Environment (330)
Launched in -5000.
Countries: United States (74%), (7%), Italy (4%)
Linked to: Iowa State University, University of Iowa, Drake University, University of Northern Iowa
The first known European explorers to document Iowa were Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet who traveled the Mississippi River in 1673 documenting several Indian villages on the Iowa side
Along the Missouri River at least five French and English trading houses were built before 1808
The Sauk and Meskwaki were pushed out of the Mississippi valley in 1832, out of the Iowa River valley in 1843, and out of Iowa altogether in 1846
Henry Hastings Sibley - Sibley started his political career in 1838 when he was appointed the first Justice of the Peace west of the Mississippi River by the governor of Iowa Territory, John Chambers
James B. Weaver - In 1842, the Weaver family moved to the Iowa Territory to await the opening of new land on May 1, 1843, when they established a farm four miles north of Bloomfield, Iowa
On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state in the Union when President James K. Polk signed Iowa's admission bill into law
George Henry Williams - After Iowa was admitted to statehood, Williams was appointed district judge in 1847, serving until 1852
George W. Jones - Jones represented Iowa in the United States Senate from December 7, 1848 to March 4, 1859
David B. Henderson - His family soon moved to a farm near Clermont, in Fayette County, Iowa in 1849
George Henry Williams - Williams married Kate Van Antwerp in Iowa in 1850, and they had one daughter
George W. Jones - When anti-slavery Iowa Democrats passed a resolution at their 1858 state convention repudiating the party's previous support for the Lecompton Constitution, Jones and others in the party's "old guard" walked out
There were no battles in the state, although the battle of Athens, Missouri, 1861, was fought just across the Des Moines River from Croton, Iowa, and shots from the battle landed in Iowa
Grenville M. Dodge - In July 1861, he was appointed Colonel of the 4th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment
David B. Henderson - He initially enlisted in the Union Army on September 15, 1861, as a private in Company C, 12th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment
William Gillette - After his brother Edward moved to Iowa, and his sister Elisabeth married George Henry Warner, both in 1863, William was left as the only child in the household
David B. Henderson - After serving as commissioner of the board of enrollment of the third district of Iowa from May 1863 to June 1864, he re-entered the Army as colonel of the new 46th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, one of the "Hundred Days Men" regiments, and commanded the Regiment until it was mustered out in September 1864
David B. Henderson - He was the collector of internal revenue for the third district of Iowa from November 1865 to June 1869, when he resigned to accept a position as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa, where he served until 1871
James B. Weaver - In 1866 he was elected district attorney of the Second Iowa Judicial District
William B. Allison - Allison declined to be a candidate for renomination to his own House seat later that year, but instead focused on laying the groundwork to run for Iowa's other Senate seat , which was up in January 1872, following November 1871 state legislative races
Rutherford B. Hayes - Allison, a Republican from Iowa offered an amendment in the Senate limiting the coinage to two to four million dollars per month, and the resulting BlandAllison Act passed both houses of Congress in 1878.
David B. Henderson - In 1882, he was elected as a Republican to represent Iowa's 3rd congressional district in the U.S. House
In 1884, the Iowa Civil Rights Act apparently outlawed discrimination by businesses, reading: "All persons within this state shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, restaurants, chophouses, eating houses, lunch counters, and all other places where refreshments are served, public conveyances, barber shops, bathhouses, theaters, and all other places of amusement
George W. Jones - In 1892, he was granted a pension by special act of Congress for his services in the Black Hawk War. On his ninetieth birthday in 1894, Governor Frank D. Jackson and the Iowa General Assembly gave Jones a public reception in recognition of his valuable services in the formative periods of the Territory and State
Frank Gotch - But his first important match was in Lu Verne, Iowa, on June 16, 1899, against a man claiming to be a furniture dealer from a neighboring town
James B. Weaver - Weaver served as mayor of Colfax, Iowa from 1901 to 1903
George W. Jones - In 1912, the State Historical Society of Iowa published the biography "George Wallace Jones", by John Carl Parish
In 1917, the United States entered World War I and farmers as well as all Iowans experienced a wartime economy
George W. Jones - After his term ended, no Iowa Democrat would win election to the U.S. Senate until the 1920s
Ronald Reagan - After graduating from Eureka in 1932, Reagan drove himself to Iowa, where he auditioned for a job at many small-town radio stations.
In college football, Jay Berwanger was the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy in 1935, later renamed the Heisman Trophy and won by Nile Kinnick in 1939
Mona Van Duyn - Van Duyn earned a B.A. from Iowa State Teachers College in 1942, and an M.A. from the State University of Iowa in 1943, the year she married Jarvis Thurston
George W. Jones - His ten years in the Senate were not matched by any Iowa Democrat until 1950, after Guy M. Gillette was elected a third time
The John Deere Classic is a PGA Tour golf event held in the Quad Cities since 1971
Norman Borlaug - In 1975, he was named a Distinguished Fellow of the Iowa Academy of Science
Leonard Boswell - Boswell was elected to the Iowa Senate in 1984, and served three terms in that body.
Lucy Grealy - She graduated in 1985 and went on to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop
During the 1990s, Iowa had the second highest exodus rate for single, educated young adults, second only to North Dakota
Leonard Boswell - He was the Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa in 1994, as Bonnie Campbell's running mate.
Tom Latham - Latham was elected as the congressman for Iowa's 5th congressional district in 1994 as part of the wave that allowed Republicans to take over the House for the first time since 1955.
Leonard Boswell - Rather than face almost certain defeat, Boswell moved to Des Moines, Iowa in the newly created 3rd Districtthus making him technically the successor to Greg Ganske, who represented a Des Moines, Iowa -based district from 1995 to 2003 and ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate in 2002.
Steve King - From 1996 to 2002, King served as an Iowa State Senator, representing the 6th district.
John Edwards - In 2000, Edwards unofficially began his presidential campaign when he began to seek speaking engagements in Iowa, the site of the nation's first party caucuses
Corey Taylor - Taylor constantly alternates between bands, since 2001, after the release of Slipknot's sophomore album "Iowa", where he reformed Stone Sour immediately after touring
Tom Daschle - In late September 2005, Daschle caught the attention of the media by reactivating his political action committee, changing its name from DASHPAC to New Leadership for America PAC and procuring a speaking slot at the Iowa Democratic Party's annual Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner
The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006
Newt Gingrich - In late 2008 several political commentators, including Marc Ambinder in The Atlantic and Robert Novak in The Washington Post, identified Gingrich as a top presidential contender in the 2012 election, with Ambinder reporting that Gingrich was "already planting some seeds in Iowa, New Hampshire".
Leonard Boswell - The Iowa Independent reported that the conservative group Crossroads GPS criticized Boswell's vote approving the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
Norman Borlaug - In 2012, a new elementary school in the Iowa City, IA school district opened, called "Norman Borlaug Elementary"
Bruce Braley - On April 3, 2012, Braley announced his reelection campaign in his hometown of Brooklyn, Iowa.
Bruce Springsteen - In late October 2012, despite saying he would sit this election out, Springsteen campaigned for President Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh and Wisconsin where he briefly spoke to the audience and performed a short acoustic set which included a newly written song for the events titled, "Forward"
Frank Gotch - In February 2015, WHO-TV news of Des Moines aired "Iowa Icon: Gotch Up There with Feller, Warner, Gable" with quotes from University of Iowa wrestling coach Tom Brands, among others, with the five minute feature's title recognizing Gotch as one of Iowa's sports icons alongside Bob Feller, Kurt Warner, and wrestling legend Dan Gable
As a result of the 2016 elections, Republicans gained control of the Senate
David Loebsack - In January 2017, Grant Gregory noted that while Iowa had "shifted away from Democrats more than any other swing state in the country" in the 2016 elections, Loebsack had "managed to defy odds and secure a win
In May 2018 Iowa signed into law one of the country's most restrictive abortion bans: the requirement that a doctor cannot perform an abortion if he can detect a fetal heartbeat, which in many cases would restrict abortions pregnancies less than six weeks old, a period of time many women do not even know they are pregnant