Iowa State University
University of Iowa
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Knowledge Identifier: $Iowa



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (74%), (7%), Italy (4%)

Main connections: Iowa State University, University of Iowa, Iowa Democratic Party

Linked to: Iowa State University, University of Iowa, Drake University, University of Northern Iowa




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The first known European explorers to document Iowa were Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet who traveled the Mississippi River in 1673 documenting several Indian villages on the Iowa side add something


In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte took control of Louisiana from Spain in a treaty add something


The Indiana Territory was created in 1800 to exercise jurisdiction over this portion of the District; William Henry Harrison was its first governor add something


A disputed 1804 treaty between Quashquame and William Henry Harrison that surrendered much of Illinois to the U.S. enraged many Sauk and led to the 1832 Black Hawk War add something


George W. Jones - "'George Wallace Jones"' , a frontiersman, entrepreneur, attorney, and judge, was among the first two United States Senators to represent the state of Iowa after it was admitted to the Union in 1846


Along the Missouri River at least five French and English trading houses were built before 1808 add something


War of 1812 - Fort Madison was defeated by British-supported Indians in 1813 during the War of 1812, and Fort Shelby in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, fell to the British add something


The Sauk and Meskwaki were pushed out of the Mississippi valley in 1832, out of the Iowa River valley in 1843, and out of Iowa altogether in 1846 add something


The first American settlers officially moved to Iowa in June 1833 add something


Henry Hastings Sibley - Sibley started his political career in 1838 when he was appointed the first Justice of the Peace west of the Mississippi River by the governor of Iowa Territory, John Chambers


On July 4, 1838, the U.S. Congress established the Territory of Iowa add something


Fort Atkinson State Preserve in Fort Atkinson has the remains of an original 1840s Dragoon fortification add something


George W. Jones - President Martin Van Buren appointed him as Surveyor-General of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territories, where he served from early 1840 until the end of the Van Buren administration in 1841


David B. Henderson - "'David Bremner Henderson"' , a ten-term Republican Congressman from Dubuque, Iowa, was the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1899 to 1903


James B. Weaver - In 1842, the Weaver family moved to the Iowa Territory to await the opening of new land on May 1, 1843, when they established a farm four miles north of Bloomfield, Iowa


George W. Jones - In 1845, following the election of another Democrat, James K. Polk, as president, he was reappointed Surveyor-General of Iowa Territory, one year before the southeastern eastern area of Iowa Territory became the State of Iowa


On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state in the Union when President James K. Polk signed Iowa's admission bill into law add something


In 1847, the University of Iowa became the first public university in the U.S. to admit men and women on an equal basis add something


George Henry Williams - After Iowa was admitted to statehood, Williams was appointed district judge in 1847, serving until 1852


George W. Jones - However, after the 1848 elections gave the Democratic Party a greater share of Iowa legislators, Jones became a candidate for one of the two seats, and after four ballots won the Democratic caucuses' nomination for one of the two seats


George W. Jones - Jones represented Iowa in the United States Senate from December 7, 1848 to March 4, 1859


David B. Henderson - His family soon moved to a farm near Clermont, in Fayette County, Iowa in 1849


The Ho-Chunk were removed from Iowa in 1850, and the Dakota were removed by the late 1850s add something


George Henry Williams - Williams married Kate Van Antwerp in Iowa in 1850, and they had one daughter


The state did away with racial barriers to marriage in 1851, more than 100 years before the U.S. Supreme Court would ban miscegenation statutes nationwide add something


Grenville M. Dodge - In 1851, he graduated from Norwich University with a degree in civil engineering, moved to Iowa, where he settled in the Missouri River city of Council Bluffs, Iowa


Winfield Scott - Scott Township in Mahaska County, Iowa, was formerly called Jackson before residents formally petitioned to change the township's name in light of their strong support of Scott in the 1852 presidential campaign


In 1856 the Iowa Legislature passed an unprecedented act allowing the Meskawki to purchase the land; Indians were not usually permitted to do so add something


William B. Allison - In 1857, he moved to Dubuque, Iowa, which would serve as his hometown for the last fifty years of his life


George W. Jones - In 1858, the Democratic Party in Iowa, like those in other northern states, was bitterly divided over the support that its own president, James Buchanan, gave for the adoption by Kansas Territory and Congress of the pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution


George W. Jones - When anti-slavery Iowa Democrats passed a resolution at their 1858 state convention repudiating the party's previous support for the Lecompton Constitution, Jones and others in the party's "old guard" walked out


The introduction of railroads in the 1859s and 1860s transformed Iowa into a major agricultural producer add something


Following the Civil War, Iowa's population continued to grow dramatically, from 674,913 people in 1860 to 1,194,020 in 1880 add something


Grenville M. Dodge - He was a partner in the Baldwin & Dodge banking firm, and in 1860 served on the Council Bluffs, Iowa City Council


There were no battles in the state, although the battle of Athens, Missouri, 1861, was fought just across the Des Moines River from Croton, Iowa, and shots from the battle landed in Iowa add something


Grenville M. Dodge - In July 1861, he was appointed Colonel of the 4th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment


David B. Henderson - He initially enlisted in the Union Army on September 15, 1861, as a private in Company C, 12th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment


William B. Allison - In 1862, in the midst of the war, Allison was elected to the United States House of Representatives as the representative of Iowa's newly-created 3rd congressional district


William Gillette - After his brother Edward moved to Iowa, and his sister Elisabeth married George Henry Warner, both in 1863, William was left as the only child in the household


David B. Henderson - He was discharged on February 26, 1863 due to his wounds, and returned to Iowa


David B. Henderson - After serving as commissioner of the board of enrollment of the third district of Iowa from May 1863 to June 1864, he re-entered the Army as colonel of the new 46th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, one of the "Hundred Days Men" regiments, and commanded the Regiment until it was mustered out in September 1864


Alferd Packer - He returned west again and on June 25, 1863, he enlisted in Company L, 8th Iowa Cavalry Regiment at Ottumwa, Iowa, Iowa; he was discharged at Cleveland, Tennessee on April 22, 1864, for the same reason


David B. Henderson - After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1865 and commenced practice in Dubuque, Iowa


David B. Henderson - He was the collector of internal revenue for the third district of Iowa from November 1865 to June 1869, when he resigned to accept a position as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Iowa, where he served until 1871


James B. Weaver - In 1866 he was elected district attorney of the Second Iowa Judicial District


In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A. Mansfield to the practice of law add something


Beginning with the first farm-related industries developed in the 1870s, Iowa has experienced a gradual increase in the number of business and manufacturing operations add something


Several attempts to grant full voting rights to Iowa women were defeated between 1870 and 1919 add something


William B. Allison - Allison declined to be a candidate for renomination to his own House seat later that year, but instead focused on laying the groundwork to run for Iowa's other Senate seat , which was up in January 1872, following November 1871 state legislative races


The North Western Union Packet Co." in 1873, ruling against racial discrimination in public accommodations 91 years before the U.S. Supreme Court reached the same decision add something


By 1875, a number of additional court rulings effectively ended segregation in Iowa schools add something


Rutherford B. Hayes - Allison, a Republican from Iowa offered an amendment in the Senate limiting the coinage to two to four million dollars per month, and the resulting Bland–Allison Act passed both houses of Congress in 1878.


William Stephens - Between 1880 and 1887, Stephens helped survey the construction of railroads in Ohio, Indiana, Iowa and Louisiana


B. H. Roberts - The LDS Church sent him on a mission to Iowa and Nebraska, "but because the cold weather was hard on his health, he was transferred to Tennessee in December of 1880


David B. Henderson - He was in private practice in Dubuque, Iowa until 1882


David B. Henderson - In 1882, he was elected as a Republican to represent Iowa's 3rd congressional district in the U.S. House


In 1884, the Iowa Civil Rights Act apparently outlawed discrimination by businesses, reading: "All persons within this state shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, restaurants, chophouses, eating houses, lunch counters, and all other places where refreshments are served, public conveyances, barber shops, bathhouses, theaters, and all other places of amusement add something


Thereafter, the fair moved to locations closer to the center of the state and in 1886 found a permanent home in Des Moines add something


George W. Jones - In 1892, he was granted a pension by special act of Congress for his services in the Black Hawk War. On his ninetieth birthday in 1894, Governor Frank D. Jackson and the Iowa General Assembly gave Jones a public reception in recognition of his valuable services in the formative periods of the Territory and State


In 1894 women were given "partial suffrage", which allowed them to vote on issues, but not for candidates add something


Frank Gotch - But his first important match was in Lu Verne, Iowa, on June 16, 1899, against a man claiming to be a furniture dealer from a neighboring town


James B. Weaver - Weaver served as mayor of Colfax, Iowa from 1901 to 1903


David B. Henderson - Henderson died in Dubuque, Iowa on February 25, 1906, aged 65


Earl Hancock Ellis - For the next couple of years, he was on temporary duty as a recruiting officer, in Oakland, California, California during the summer of 1906 and in Des Moines, Iowa from July 31, 1906 to April 19, 1907


Iowa is often credited with the start of the high school movement in the U.S. Around 1910, secondary schools as we know them today were established across the state, which was unprecedented at the time add something


George W. Jones - In 1912, the State Historical Society of Iowa published the biography "George Wallace Jones", by John Carl Parish


Since the beginning of the war in 1914, Iowa farmers had experienced economic prosperity add something


Wallace Carothers - After graduation, and under pressure from his father, Carothers enrolled in the Capital City Commercial College in Des Moines, Iowa , where his father was Vice-President, completing the accountancy and secretarial curriculum in July 1915


In 1917, the United States entered World War I and farmers as well as all Iowans experienced a wartime economy add something


The Babel Proclamation of 1918 banned the speaking of German in public add something


It was not until the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1920 that women had full suffrage in Iowa add something


George W. Jones - After his term ended, no Iowa Democrat would win election to the U.S. Senate until the 1920s


Gary Cooper - Cooper studied at Iowa's Grinnell College until the spring of 1924, but did not graduate.


Clyde Tolson - After initial rejection by the FBI, he was hired in 1927, seeing the opportunity as a stepping stone to a law practice in Cedar Rapids, Iowa


Ronald Reagan - After graduating from Eureka in 1932, Reagan drove himself to Iowa, where he auditioned for a job at many small-town radio stations.


Wallace Stegner - He studied at the Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa, where he received a master's degree in 1932 and a doctorate in 1935


Wallace Carothers - Finding the tension in the household too wearing, his parents returned to Des Moines, Iowa in the spring of 1934


Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934; the all-time lowest temperature of was recorded at Elkader on February 3, 1996 add something


In college football, Jay Berwanger was the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy in 1935, later renamed the Heisman Trophy and won by Nile Kinnick in 1939 add something


Mona Van Duyn - Van Duyn earned a B.A. from Iowa State Teachers College in 1942, and an M.A. from the State University of Iowa in 1943, the year she married Jarvis Thurston


Social and housing discrimination continued against Blacks at state universities until the 1950s add something


George W. Jones - His ten years in the Senate were not matched by any Iowa Democrat until 1950, after Guy M. Gillette was elected a third time


Ritchie Valens - After the February 2, 1959, performance in Clear Lake, Iowa, Holly, Richardson and Valens flew out of the Mason City airport in a small plane that Holly had chartered


Ritchie Valens - On February 3, 1959, on what has become known as "The Day the Music Died", Valens died in a small-plane crash in Iowa, a tragedy that claimed the lives of fellow musicians Buddy Holly and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson


Peter Coyote - Once graduated from Grinnell College with a BA in English Literature in 1964, Coyote moved to the West Coast, despite having been accepted at the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and commenced working towards a Master's Degree in Creative Writing at San Francisco State University


John Wayne Gacy - In 1966, Gacy's father-in-law offered him the opportunity to manage the three Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants he had purchased in Waterloo, Iowa


John Wayne Gacy - In 1967, he was named "outstanding vice-president" of the Waterloo, Iowa Jaycees


Conrad Burns - In 1968, he turned down a transfer to Iowa and became a cattle auctioneer for the Billings, Montana Livestock Commission


Dow Mossman - Mossman studied at Coe College for two years, finished college at the University of Iowa and received his M.F.A. from the Iowa Writers' Workshop in 1969


The John Deere Classic is a PGA Tour golf event held in the Quad Cities since 1971 add something


It has crossed the state on various routes each year since 1973 add something


Norman Borlaug - In 1975, he was named a Distinguished Fellow of the Iowa Academy of Science


After bottoming out in the 1980s, Iowa's economy began to become increasingly less dependent on agriculture, and by the early 21st century was characterized by a mix of manufacturing, biotechnology, finance and insurance services, and government services add something


Although Iowa supported the Federal Equal Rights Amendment, in 1980 and 1992 Iowa voters rejected an Equal Rights Amendment to the state constitution add something


The Farm Crisis of the 1980s caused a major recession in Iowa, causing poverty not seen since the Depression add something


Bruce Braley - He was admitted to the bar and has served as a trial lawyer in Waterloo, Iowa since 1983.


Donna Reed - Reed's childhood home was located on Donna Reed Drive in Denison, Iowa but was destroyed by a fire in 1983.


Leonard Boswell - Boswell was elected to the Iowa Senate in 1984, and served three terms in that body.


Alan Cranston - He finished a weak fourth in Iowa in February 1984 and dropped out a week later after finishing seventh out of eight candidates in New Hampshire, with only 2 percent of the vote


Lucy Grealy - She graduated in 1985 and went on to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop


Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 add something


During the 1990s, Iowa had the second highest exodus rate for single, educated young adults, second only to North Dakota add something


Iowa, in common with other Midwestern states , is feeling the brunt of rural flight, although Iowa has been gaining population since approximately 1990 add something


Renewable energy has become a major economic force in northern and western Iowa, with wind turbine electrical generation increasing exponentally since 1990 add something


Leonardo DiCaprio - Caprio co-starred as the mentally handicapped brother to Johnny Depp in What's Eating Gilbert Grape, a comic-tragic odyssey of a dysfunctional Iowa family.


Leonard Boswell - He was President of the Iowa Senate from 1993 to 1996.


Leonard Boswell - He was the Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa in 1994, as Bonnie Campbell's running mate.


Tom Latham - Latham was elected as the congressman for Iowa's 5th congressional district in 1994 as part of the wave that allowed Republicans to take over the House for the first time since 1955.


Leonard Boswell - Rather than face almost certain defeat, Boswell moved to Des Moines, Iowa in the newly created 3rd District—thus making him technically the successor to Greg Ganske, who represented a Des Moines, Iowa -based district from 1995 to 2003 and ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate in 2002.


Steve King - From 1996 to 2002, King served as an Iowa State Senator, representing the 6th district.


Iowa did add the word "women" to the Iowa Constitution in 1998 add something


The Des Moines Golf and Country Club hosted the 1999 U.S. Senior Open and has scheduled the 2017 Solheim Cup add something


Iowa's population is more urban than rural, with 61 percent living in urban areas in 2000, a trend that began in the early 20th century add something


The study "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000" found in the southernmost two tiers of Iowa counties and in other counties in the center of the state, the largest religious group was the United Methodist Church; in the northeast part of the state, including Dubuque and Linn counties , the Catholic Church was the largest; and in ten counties, including three in the northern tier, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was the largest add something


Rob Reiner - He campaigned extensively for Democratic presidential nominee Al Gore in 2000, and he campaigned in Iowa for Democratic Presidential candidate Howard Dean just before the 2004 Iowa caucuses.


John Edwards - In 2000, Edwards unofficially began his presidential campaign when he began to seek speaking engagements in Iowa, the site of the nation's first party caucuses


Norman Borlaug - At the DuPont Agriculture & Nutrition Media Day held in Des Moines, Iowa , Iowa, on September 25, 2000, Borlaug announced the launch of Norman Borlaug University, an Internet-based learning company for the agriculture and food industry personnel


The Principal Charity Classic is a Champions Tour event since 2001 add something


Corey Taylor - Taylor began recording for their second studio album, "Iowa", in 2001 at Sound City and Sound Image in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California


Corey Taylor - Taylor constantly alternates between bands, since 2001, after the release of Slipknot's sophomore album "Iowa", where he reformed Stone Sour immediately after touring


Bruce Braley - The district, which was numbered as the 2nd District for most of the period from Iowa's statehood until 2003, became even more Democratic when Davenport, Iowa and Bettendorf, Iowa were shifted into it from the old 1st District.


Four of these have had candidates on the ballot in Iowa since 2004 for various positions: the Constitution Party, the Green Party, the Pirate Party, and the Socialist Workers Party add something


Ana Mendieta - In 2004 the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., organized "Earth Body, Sculpture and Performance", a major retrospective that travelled to the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Des Moines Art Center, Iowa, and Miami Art Museum, Florida


Mike Huckabee - The 2005 Little Rock Marathon featured an impromptu challenge between Huckabee and Iowa Governor Tom Vilsack


Tom Daschle - In late September 2005, Daschle caught the attention of the media by reactivating his political action committee, changing its name from DASHPAC to New Leadership for America PAC and procuring a speaking slot at the Iowa Democratic Party's annual Jefferson-Jackson Day dinner


The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006 add something


Bruce Braley - Braley was born in Grinnell, Iowa.


Frank Gotch was a World Heavyweight Wrestling Champion, Zach Johnson won the 2007 Masters Golf Tournament and the 2015 British Open, and Jeremy Hellickson won the 2011 American League Rookie of the Year award pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays add something


David Loebsack - Loebsack was easily reelected in 2008, taking 57 percent of the vote over Mariannette Miller-Meeks, a doctor from Ottumwa, Iowa and the former president of the state medical society.


In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001 add something


Newt Gingrich - In late 2008 several political commentators, including Marc Ambinder in The Atlantic and Robert Novak in The Washington Post, identified Gingrich as a top presidential contender in the 2012 election, with Ambinder reporting that Gingrich was "already planting some seeds in Iowa, New Hampshire".


A total of 39 ethanol plants produced of fuel in 2009 add something


Leonard Boswell - The Iowa Independent reported that the conservative group Crossroads GPS criticized Boswell's vote approving the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.


Corey Taylor - The group performed on April 24, 2009 at People's Court in Des Moines, Iowa , Iowa, marking Taylor's first official solo show


"Cedar Rapids Gazette", June 30, 2009, ://www add something


On July 2, 2009, Standard and Poor's rated the state of Iowa's credit as AAA add something


Tim Pawlenty - He visited Iowa in November 2009 and April 2010, making political speeches.


As a result of the 2010 elections, each party controlled one house of the Iowa General Assembly: the House had a Republican majority, while the Senate had a Democratic majority add something


As of the 2010 Census, the population of Iowa was 3,046,355 add something


CNBC's list of "Top States for Business in 2010" has recognized Iowa as the sixth best state in the nation add something


Incumbent Democratic governor Chet Culver was defeated in 2010 by Republican Terry Branstad, who had served as governor from 1983 to 1999 add something


Steve King - Steve King at an event in Ames, Iowa in August 2011.


Incumbent U.S. Representatives Leonard Boswell and Tom Latham ran against each other in 2012 in the third congressional district which had new boundaries; Latham won and retired after the 2014 elections add something


Norman Borlaug - In 2012, a new elementary school in the Iowa City, IA school district opened, called "Norman Borlaug Elementary"


Bruce Braley - On April 3, 2012, Braley announced his reelection campaign in his hometown of Brooklyn, Iowa.


Tim Pawlenty - Pawlenty's tour was in Minneapolis, San Francisco and Dallas, and it ended January in Iowa where the Iowa Caucuses were scheduled for February 6, 2012.


Newt Gingrich - On January 3, 2012, Gingrich finished in fourth place in the Iowa Republican caucuses, far behind Rick Santorum, Romney, and Ron Paul


Tim Pawlenty - Pawlenty's tour was in Minneapolis, San Francisco and Dallas, and it ended January in Iowa where the Iowa Caucuses were scheduled for February 6, 2012


Bruce Braley - On April 3, 2012, Braley announced his reelection campaign in his hometown of Brooklyn, Iowa


Bruce Springsteen - In late October 2012, despite saying he would sit this election out, Springsteen campaigned for President Obama's re-election in Ohio, Iowa, Virginia, Pittsburgh and Wisconsin where he briefly spoke to the audience and performed a short acoustic set which included a newly written song for the events titled, "Forward"


Bruce Braley - On February 7, 2013, Braley announced that he would be running for the Democratic nomination for the 2014 United States Senate election in Iowa


Tom Latham - In August 2013, Latham was quoted rejecting any government shutdown at a town hall meeting in Atlantic, Iowa


As of 2014, there were 16 organizations offering health insurance products in Iowa, per the State of Iowa Insurance Division add something


Bruce Braley - By February 2014, Braley had campaigned in all 99 counties of Iowa


Starting in the 2015-16 season of the Major Arena Soccer League, the Cedar Rapids Rampage plays in the U.S. Cellular Center add something


Frank Gotch - In February 2015, WHO-TV news of Des Moines aired "Iowa Icon: Gotch Up There with Feller, Warner, Gable" with quotes from University of Iowa wrestling coach Tom Brands, among others, with the five minute feature's title recognizing Gotch as one of Iowa's sports icons alongside Bob Feller, Kurt Warner, and wrestling legend Dan Gable


Hillary Rodham Clinton - On April 9, 2015, it was widely reported that Clinton would formally announce her candidacy for the Democratic nomination in the 2016 election on April 12th in Iowa


On December 14, 2015, Branstad became the longest serving governor in U.S. history, serving 20 years, 11 months, and 3 days; eclipsing George Clinton, who served 21 years until 1804 add something


As a result of the 2016 elections, Republicans gained control of the Senate add something


In 2016, Iowa was the headquarters for three of the top 2,000 companies for revenue add something


The table below shows the racial composition of Iowa's population as of 2016 add something


David Loebsack - Again, Loebsack was the only Democrat that Iowa sent to the House in 2016


As of February 1, 2016, there were 2,095,639 registered voters add something


Mike Huckabee - On February 1, 2016 after a disappointing showing in the Iowa caucus FOX News announced that he was going to suspend his campaign


David Loebsack - In January 2017, Grant Gregory noted that while Iowa had "shifted away from Democrats more than any other swing state in the country" in the 2016 elections, Loebsack had "managed to defy odds and secure a win


Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds succeeded him on May 24, 2017, following Branstad's appointment as U.S. Ambassador to China add something


David Loebsack - In November 2017, Loebsack was the only House member from Iowa to vote against tax reform, claiming the "tax plan that was rushed through the House of Representatives will hurt everyday Iowans


In May 2018 Iowa signed into law one of the country's most restrictive abortion bans: the requirement that a doctor cannot perform an abortion if he can detect a fetal heartbeat, which in many cases would restrict abortions pregnancies less than six weeks old, a period of time many women do not even know they are pregnant add something


Leonard Boswell - Boswell died in Des Moines, Iowa on August 17, 2018, after suffering from complications of pseudomyxoma peritonei, a rare form of cancer, for over 13 years


In January 2019 an Iowa state judge struck down the so-called "fetal heartbeat" law, saying it was unconstitutional add something