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J. D. Salinger

Knowledge Identifier: +J._D._Salinger

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J. D. Salinger

American author, best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Ryeadd

Category: Literature

Born in 1919.

Countries: United States (33%), New York (22%), Iran (6%)

Main connections: Holden Caulfield, Joyce Maynard, William S. Burroughs

Linked to: The New York Times, Columbia University, Dartmouth College, McBurney School

 

Timeline


 

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Jerome David Salinger was born in Manhattan, New York, on New Year's Day, 1919. add something


1932

Burney School, a private school in Manhattan. add something


1936

He started his freshman year at New York University in 1936, and considered studying special education, but dropped out the following spring. add something


1938

He left Austria only a month before it was annexed by Nazi Germany on March 12, 1938. add something


1939

In 1939, Salinger attended a Columbia University evening writing class taught by Whit Burnett, longtime editor of Story magazine. add something


1940

In the 1940s, Salinger confided to several people that he was working on a novel featuring Holden Caulfield, the teenage protagonist of his short story "Slight Rebellion off Madison," and The Catcher in the Rye was published on July 16, 1951 by Little, Brown and Company . add something


1941

In 1941, Salinger started dating Oona O'Neill, daughter of the playwright Eugene O'Neill. add something

 

In late 1941, Salinger briefly worked on a Caribbean cruise ship, serving as an activity director and possibly as a performer. add something

 

In December 1941, however, it accepted "Slight Rebellion off Madison", a Manhattan-set story about a disaffected teenager named Holden Caulfield with "pre-war jitters". add something


1942

In the spring of 1942, several months after the United States entered World War II, Salinger was drafted into the Army, where he saw combat with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division. add something


1944

He continued to submit stories to The New Yorker, but with little success; it rejected all of his submissions from 1944 to 1946, and in 1945 rejected a group of 15 poems. add something


1946

In 1946, Whit Burnett agreed to help Salinger publish a collection of his short stories through Story Press's Lippincott Imprint. add something

 

In a contributor's note Salinger gave to Harper's Magazine in 1946, he wrote: "I almost always write about very young people," a statement which has been referred to as his credo. add something

 

When Japan carried out the attack on Pearl Harbor that month, the story was rendered "unpublishable"; it did not appear in the magazine until 1946. add something

 

He brought her to the United States in April 1946, but the marriage fell apart after eight months and Sylvia returned to Germany. add something

 

The two writers began corresponding; Salinger wrote Hemingway in July 1946 that their talks were among his few positive memories of the war. add something


1947

Holden Caulfield - Although it has been conjectured that J. D. Salinger got the name for Holden Caulfield in "The Catcher in the Rye" when he saw a marquee for "Dear Ruth" , starring William Holden and Joan Caulfield, Salinger's first Holden Caulfield story, "I'm Crazy," appeared in "Collier's" on December 22, 1945, a year and a half before this movie was released


1948

In 1948, he submitted a short story titled "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" to The New Yorker. add something

 

Therefore he immediately agreed when, in mid-1948, independent film producer Samuel Goldwyn offered to buy the film rights to his short story "Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut. add something


1951

Holden Caulfield - "'Holden Caulfield"' is a fictional character in author J. D. Salinger's 1951 novel "The Catcher in the Rye"


Major work

1951 - The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger


1952

After several years of practicing Zen Buddhism, in 1952, while reading The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna about Hindu religious teacher Sri Ramakrishna, Salinger wrote friends of a momentous change in his life. add something


1953

In 1953, Salinger published a collection of seven stories from The New Yorker ("Bananafish" among them), as well as two that the magazine had rejected. add something

 

In 1953, he moved from an apartment at 300 East 57th Street, New York, to Cornish, New Hampshire. add something


1955

Certain elements of the story "Franny", published in January 1955, are based on his relationship with Claire, including her ownership of the book The Way of the Pilgrim. add something

 

In June 1955, at the age of 36, Salinger married Claire Douglas, a Radcliffe student. add something


1961

Salinger published Franny and Zooey in 1961, and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction in 1963. add something


1972

According to Maynard, by 1972 he had completed two new novels. add something

 

In 1972, at the age of 53, Salinger had a relationship with 18-year-old Joyce Maynard that lasted for nine months. add something

 

Years later, in 1972, Salinger's daughter Margaret was with him when he received a letter from Sylvia. add something


1975

Burnett's quotes were included in Fiction Writer's Handbook, edited by Whit and Hallie Burnett and published in 1975. add something


1977

National Book Award finalist Richard Yates told The New York Times in 1977 that reading Salinger's stories for the first time was a landmark experience, and that "nothing quite like it has happened to me since. add something


1995

In 1995, Iranian director Dariush Mehrjui released the film Pari, an unauthorized and loose adaptation of Salinger's Franny and Zooey. add something


1996

In 1996 Salinger gave a small publisher, Orchises Press, permission to publish "Hapworth 16, 1924", the previously uncollected novella. add something


1998

Though the film could be distributed legally in Iran since the country has no official copyright relations with the United States, Salinger had his lawyers block a planned screening of the film at the Lincoln Center in 1998. add something

 

Joyce Maynard - The 1998 publication of her memoir, "At Home in the World," made her the object of intense criticism among some members of the literary world for having revealed the story of the relationship she had with author J. D. Salinger when he was 53 and she was 18


1999

In 1999, 25 years after the end of their relationship, Joyce Maynard put up for auction a series of letters Salinger had written to her. add something


2000

Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2000. add something


2001

In 2001, Louis Menand wrote in The New Yorker that "Catcher in the Rye rewrites" among each new generation had become "a literary genre all its own". add something


2004

The book remains widely read; in 2004, the novel was selling about 250,000 copies per year, " . add something


2009

The book's author filed an appeal on July 23, 2009; it was heard in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals on September 3, 2009. add something

 

Amazon anticipated that Orchises would publish the story in January 2009, but at the time of his death it had only a placeholding listing of "currently unavailable. add something

 

Salinger's literary representative commented to The New York Times that the writer had broken his hip in May 2009, but that "his health had been excellent until a rather sudden decline after the new year. add something

 

In June 2009 Salinger consulted lawyers about the upcoming publication in the US of an unauthorized sequel to The Catcher in the Rye written by Swedish book publisher Fredrik Colting under the pseudonym J. D. California. add something


2010

Salinger died of natural causes at his home in New Hampshire on January 27, 2010. add something

 

The case was ongoing as of February 2010. add something


2011

The case was settled in 2011 when Colting agreed not to publish or otherwise distribute the book, e-book, or any other editions of "60 Years Later" in the U.S. or Canada until "The Catcher in the Rye" enters the public domain, while refraining from using the title "Coming through the Rye", dedicating the book to Salinger or referring to the title "The Catcher in the Rye", while Colting remains free to sell the book in other international territories without fear of interference add something


2013

The directorial debut of writer Shane Salerno, "Salinger" was made over nine years and received a limited theatrical release on September 6, 2013 with distribution by The Weinstein Company add something

 

On November 28, 2013, three unpublished stories appeared on What add something

 

Scott Crary - On October 1, 2013, Crary previewed selections from a forthcoming conceptual photo book he is working on with photographer and model Ira Chernova, which depicts the former New York City residences of celebrated creative personalities, such as Jean-Michel Basquiat, William S. Burroughs, Diane Arbus, Bob Dylan, J.D._Salinger (J._D._Salinger), Mark Rothko, Nico, and others


2015

In an oral biography titled "Salinger", authors David Shields and Shane Salerno assert that the author had left specific instructions authorizing a timetable, to start between 2015 and 2020, for the release of several unpublished works add something

 

Scott Crary - On April 16, 2015, Crary previewed selections from a forthcoming conceptual photo book he is working on with photographer and model Ira Chernova, which depicts the former New York City residences of celebrated creative personalities, such as Jean-Michel Basquiat, William S. Burroughs, Diane Arbus, Bob Dylan, J.D._Salinger (J._D._Salinger), Mark Rothko, Nico, and others