Knowledge Identifier: +J._R._R._Tolkien
Born in 1892.
Countries: United Kingdom (59%), United States (12%), (12%)
Linked to: Pembroke College, Oxford, Exeter College, Oxford, King Edward's School, Birmingham, British Army
Tolkien attended King Edward's School, Birmingham , and later St. Philip's School, before winning a Foundation Scholarship and returning to King Edward's School.
In 1911, Tolkien went on a summer holiday in Switzerland, a trip that he recollects vividly in a 1968 letter, noting that Bilbo's journey across the Misty Mountains ("including the glissade down the slithering stones into the pine woods") is directly based on his adventures as their party of 12 hiked from Interlaken to Lauterbrunnen and on to camp in the moraines beyond Mürren.
Edith and Ronald were formally engaged in Birmingham , in January 1913, and married at Warwick, England, at Saint Mary Immaculate Catholic Church on 22 March 1916.
Blackwell UK - Blackwell's began the careers of many writers: in 1915 J. R. R. Tolkien's first poem, "Goblin's Feet", was published
In 1920, he became Reader in English Language at the University of Leeds, where he claimed credit for raising the number of students of linguistics from five to twenty.
In 1925, he returned to Oxford as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon, with a fellowship at Pembroke College.
C. S. Lewis - After his conversion to theism in 1929, Lewis converted to Christianity in 1931, following a long discussion and late-night walk with his close friends Tolkien (J._R._R._Tolkien) and Hugo Dyson.
Tolkien considered languages inseparable from the mythology associated with them, and he consequently took a dim view of auxiliary languages: in 1930 a congress of Esperantists were told as much by him, in his lecture A Secret Vice, "Your language construction will breed a mythology", but by 1956 he had concluded that "Volapük, Esperanto, Ido, Novial, c, c, are dead, far deader than ancient unused languages, because their authors never invented any Esperanto legends".
The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien
Merton College, Oxford - Author J. R. R. Tolkien was Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton from 1945 to 1959
Merton College, Oxford - The college is associated with a number of notable people, including author J. R. R. Tolkien who was Merton Professor of English Language and Literature from 1945 to 1959
In 1946, he rejected suggestions for illustrations by Horus Engels for the German edition of The Hobbit as "too Disnified .
Tolkien completed The Lord of the Rings in 1948, close to a decade after the first sketches.
Preadolescence - The term was previously used in J. R. R. Tolkien's 1954 novel "The Lord of the Rings" to refer to Hobbits in their twenties: "tweens" as Hobbits called the irresponsible twenties between childhood and the coming of age at thirty-three
The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien
Joseph Wright (linguist) - Writing to his son Michael in 1963, J. R. R. Tolkien reflected on his time studying with Wright thus: "Years before I had rejected as disgusting cynicism by an old vulgarian the words of warning given me by old Joseph Wright
He commented in 1965, while editing The Hobbit for a third edition, that he would have preferred to completely rewrite the book because of the style of its prose.
Tolkien translated the Book of Jonah for the Jerusalem Bible, which was published in 1966.
In a 1967 letter to W. H. Auden, Tolkien wrote, "Thank you for your wonderful effort in translating and reorganizing The Song of the Sibyl.
Tolkien had appointed his son Christopher to be his literary executor, and he organized some of his father's unpublished material into a single coherent volume, published as The Silmarillion in 1977his father had previously attempted to get a collection of "Silmarillion" material published in 1937 before writing The Lord of the Rings.
Peter Jackson - Peter Jackson won the rights to film J. R. R. Tolkien's epic in 1997 after meeting with producer Saul Zaentz.
A gaff-topsail schooner of Netherlands registry used for passenger cruises on the Baltic Sea and elsewhere in European waters was named "J.R. Tolkien" in 1998
In a 1999 poll of Amazon.com customers, "The Lord of the Rings" was judged to be their favourite "book of the millennium"
In the 2003 "Big Read" survey conducted by the BBC, "The Lord of the Rings" was found to be the UK's "Best-loved Novel"
His popularity is not limited to the English-speaking world: in a 2004 poll inspired by the UK's "Big Read" survey, about 250,000 Germans found "The Lord of the Rings" to be their favourite work of literature
Homo floresiensis - "Homo floresiensis" was unveiled on 28 October 2004, and was swiftly nicknamed the "Hobbit", after the fictional race popularized in J. R. R. Tolkien's book "The Hobbit", and a proposed scientific name for the species was "Homo hobbitus"