Knowledge Identifier: +Jacques_Chirac
Born in 1932.
Countries: France (66%), (8%), United States (3%)
Linked to: Minister of the Interior, Rally for the Republic, French Communist Party, Constitutional Council of France
Jacques Chirac was born at the Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire clinic in Paris in 1932. He is the son of Abel François Chirac, a successful executive for an aircraft company, and Marie-Louise Valette, a housewife.
Although Chirac was well-situated in de Gaulle's entourage, being related by marriage to the general's sole companion at the time of the Appeal of 18 June 1940, he was more of a "Pompidolian" than a "Gaullist".
In April 1962, Chirac was appointed head of the personal staff of Prime Minister Georges Pompidou.
When student and worker unrest rocked France in May 1968, Chirac played a central role in negotiating a truce.
Alain Juppe - As a senior civil servant, he met Jacques Chirac at the end of the 1970s and became his adviser in the city council of Paris
Jean-Francois Deniau - In 1973, he entered the government of Pierre Messmer as Secretary of State for Coopération, and was named Secretary of State to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in the government formed by Jacques Chirac after the election of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing to the presidency of the French Republic in 1974
CMA CGM - Compagnie Générale Maritime , operated as such from 1974 to 1996 when it was privatized by the French State under President Jacques Chirac and prime Minister Alain Juppé
Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber - He served several terms or partial terms in the French National Assembly, and was Minister for Reform in 1974 but, being opposed to nuclear tests, he was prompted to resign after three weeks by Prime Minister Jacques Chirac
CMA CGM - The French government, under president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing and Prime Minister Jacques Chirac, progressively merged the two companies between 1974 and 1977 to form Compagnie Générale Maritime , still owned by the French State and still run as a competitive business, although sometimes subject to political pressure, for instance on the selection of shipyards to build new ships
Michel Poniatowski - Poniatowski succeeded Jacques Chirac on 24 May 1974, and served the post until 1977
At the invitation of Saddam_Hussein, Chirac made an official visit to Baghdad in 1975.
Because of Jacques Chirac's long career in visible government positions, he has often been parodied or caricatured: Young Jacques Chirac is the basis of a young, dashing bureaucrat character in the 1976 Asterix comic strip album Obelix and Co., proposing methods to quell Gallic unrest to elderly, old-style Roman politicians.
Valery Giscard d'Estaing - A rivalry appeared with his prime minister Jacques Chirac, who resigned in 1976
In 1978, he attacked the pro-European policy of Valery Giscard d'Estaing, and made a nationalist turn with the December 1978 Call of Cochin, initiated by his counsellors Marie-France Garaud and Pierre Juillet, which had first been called by Pompidou.
Valery Giscard d'Estaing - In 1978, he was for this reason the obvious target of Jacques Chirac's Call of Cochin, denouncing the "party of the foreigners"
Michel Poniatowski - Poniatowski was a founding member, in 1978, of the Union for a French Democracy , the liberal and Christian-Democrat party which backed Valéry Giscard d'Estaing and tried to rivalize with Jacques Chirac's neo-Gaullist Rally for the Republic
Dominique de Villepin - Villepin was introduced to Jacques Chirac in the early 1980s and became one of his advisers on foreign policy
Jacques Foccart, who had co-founded the Gaullist Service d'Action Civique along with Charles Pasqua, and who was a key component of the "Françafrique" system, was again called to the Elysee Palace when Chirac won the 1995 presidential election.
Josselin de Rohan - Close to Jacques Chirac, he was elected to the Senate in 1983, and subsequently reelected in 1992 and 2001
Chirac's cabinet sold many public companies, renewing with the liberalisation initiated under Laurent Fabius's Socialist government (198486 in particular with Fabius' privatisation of the audiovisual sector, leading to the creation of Canal ), and abolished the solidarity tax on wealth, a symbolic tax on very high resources championed by Mitterrand's government.
When the RPR/UDF right-wing coalition won a slight majority in the National Assembly in the 1986 election, Mitterrand appointed Chirac prime minister (though many in Mitterrand's inner circle lobbied him to choose Jacques Chaban-Delmas instead).
Edouard Balladur - A member of the Neo-Gaullist Rally for the Republic party, he was the theoretician behind the "cohabitation government" from 1986 to 1988, explaining that if the right won the legislative election, it could govern with Chirac as Prime Minister without Socialist Party President Fran
Jean-Marie Le Pen - A total of 34 FN deputies entered the Assembly after the 1986 elections , which were won by the right wing, bringing Jacques Chirac to Matignon in the first cohabitation government
Alain Juppe - He was minister of budget and spokesperson of Jacques Chirac's government from 1986 to 1988
Socialist Party (France) - The PS lost its majority in the French National Assembly in 1986, forcing Mitterrand to "cohabit" with the conservative government of Jacques Chirac
France 24 - In 1987, French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac expressed his desire for an international television news channel in French and had requested a report into the activities of current international broadcasts from France and noted the collective offering was "fragmented, disorganised and ineffective
Paul Belien - Beliën stated that he saw in Verhofstadt a transformation from adoring the economic liberalism of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, and the laureling of Ludwig Erhard of Verhofstadt in Belien's magazine "Nucleus" in 1990, to a Third Way position taken by Tony Blair and Bill Clinton, with Verhofstadt ultimately taking an "Old Europe" stance with Jacques Chirac and Gerhard Schröder in 2003
In 1992, convinced a man could not become President whilst advocating anti-European policies, he called for a "yes" vote in the referendum on the Maastricht Treaty, against the opinion of Pasqua, Seguin and a majority of the RPR voters, who chose to vote "no".
Francois Bayrou - Despite supporting Édouard Balladur's candidacy in the 1995 presidential election, Bayrou remained Education Minister following Jacques Chirac's election and the creation of a new government headed by Alain Juppé
Jean-Pierre Raffarin - During the 1995 presidential campaign, while most UDF politicians supported Édouard Balladur, he chose the winning candidacy of Jacques Chirac
Emmanuel Todd - In 1995, he wrote a memo for the Fondation Saint-Simon, which became famous the media thereafter attributed to him the paternity of the expression "" , used by Jacques Chirac during the 1995 electoral campaign in order to distinguish himself from his rival Édouard Balladur
Democratic Convention (France) - Indeed, during the 1995 presidential campaign, the most part of the UDF politicians supported the Neo-Gaullist Prime Minister Edouard Balladur, against the instruction of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, the founder and president of the UDF, who called to vote for the other Rally for the Republic candidate Jacques Chirac
Valery Giscard d'Estaing - Most of the UDF politicians supported the candidacy of the RPR Prime minister Édouard Balladur at the 1995 presidential election, but Giscard supported his old rival Jacques Chirac, who won the election
Socialist Party (France) - PS leader Lionel Jospin lost his bid to succeed Mitterrand as president in the 1995 presidential election against Rally for the Republic leader Jacques Chirac, but became prime minister in a cohabitation government after the 1997 parliamentary elections, a position Jospin held until 2002, when he was again defeated in the presidential election
Nicole Ameline - En May 1995 with the victory of Jacques Chirac, she left her post in order to enter the Government of Alain Juppé
Francois Mitterrand - His second and last term ended after the 1995 presidential election in May 1995 with the election of Jacques Chirac
Jean-Claude Gaudin - On 7 November 1995, on a proposal from Alain Juppé, the President of the Republic Jacques Chirac named Jean-Claude Gaudin Minister for Integration and City and Regional Planning
Angelo Buccarello - In December 1996, Fr. Angelo received the prize for Human Rights from the French President, Jacques Chirac
National Assembly (France) - The last dissolution was by Jacques Chirac in 1997, following from the lack of popularity of prime minister Alain Juppé; however, the plan backfired, and the newly elected majority was opposed to Chirac
In 1998 the French aircraft carrier Clemenceau was decommissioned after 37 years of service, and another aircraft carrier was decommissioned two years later after 37 years of service, leaving the French Navy with no aircraft carrier until 2001, when Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier was commissioned.
Tereza Kesovija - Jacques Chirac honored Tereza in 1999 with Knighthood of High Decoration of Arts and Culture
Tiberi was finally expelled from the RPR, Chirac's party, on 12 October 2000, declaring to the Figaro magazine on 18 November 2000: "Jacques Chirac is not my friend anymore".
Yves Saint Laurent (designer) - In 2001, he was awarded the rank of Commander of the Légion d'Honneur by French president Jacques Chirac
Union for a Popular Movement - Before the 2002 presidential campaign, the supporters of President Jacques Chirac, divided in three centre-right parliamentary parties, founded an association named "'Union on the Move"'
Leon Bertrand - He joined the UMP in 2002, and, as a known confidant of President Jacques Chirac, he was named Secretary of State for Tourism in 2002 and later Delegate Minister for Tourism in 2004
Jacques Derrida - In the 2002 French presidential election he refused to vote in the run-off between far right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen and Jacques Chirac, citing a lack of acceptable choices.
Union for a Popular Movement - The UMP was formed in 2002 as a merger of several centre-right parties under President Jacques Chirac
France 24 - In 2002, President Jacques Chirac relaunched the project to create a French international news channel; after a speech given at a reception in honour of the High Council of the Francophonie at the 'Élysée on 12 February 2002, he stated:
Raymond Poulidor - In 2003 the President, Jacques Chirac increased the award
STMicroelectronics - The 12 inch fab was inaugurated by French president Jacques Chirac, on 27 February 2003
De Panama à l'Affaire Elf, Robert Laffon, 2004), "La derive des affaires" in L'Histoire n° 313, October 2006, pp.
Steven Spielberg - In 2004 he was admitted as knight of the Legion d'honneur by president Jacques Chirac.
Euzhan Palcy - In 2004, she was the recipient of the famous French Legion of Honor French by President Jacques Chirac
Euzhan Palcy - In 2004, she was the recipient of the famous French Medal of Honor from French President Jacques Chirac
Jean-Pierre Raffarin - On 30 March 2004 Jean-Pierre Raffarin tendered the resignation of his government to president Jacques Chirac, who immediately re-appointed him prime minister, with the delegation to form a new government
Thierry Lamouche - Thierry Lamouche became suddenly famous in July 2004 when his stamp design for a new Marianne series is chosen by the public and President Jacques Chirac
Nicolas Sarkozy - Since November 2004, Sarkozy has been president of the Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, France's major right-wing political party, and he was Minister of the Interior in the government of Dominique de Villepin, with the honorific title of Minister of State, making him effectively the number three official in the French State after President Jacques Chirac and the prime minister.
Maurice Floquet - On 25 December 2004 , Maurice was promoted by president Jacques Chirac to the rank of officer in the Légion d'honneur
Philippe Douste-Blazy - Then, after the rejection of the European constitution in 29 May 2005's referendum, he became Minister of Foreign Affairs, a position he held until the departure of Jacques Chirac form the Presidency in May 2007
In 2006, The Economist wrote that Chirac "is the most unpopular occupant of the Elysee Palace in the fifth republic's history.
Karl Lehmann - Cardinal Lehmann was appointed a Commander of the Légion d'honneur by Jacques Chirac in 2006
Union for a Popular Movement - While former President Jacques Chirac, the right's strongman in normally left-wing Corrèze had always done very well in Corrèze and the surrounding departments, Sarkozy did very poorly and actually lost the department in the 2007 runoff
Amelie Mauresmo - On 16 March 2007, Mauresmo received the Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur from President Jacques Chirac
Michelle Yeoh - On 23 April 2007, the French President Jacques Chirac *awarded her Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur
Dominique de Villepin - On 15 May 2007, the last full day of President Jacques Chirac's term, Villepin tendered his resignation from the office of Prime Minister and it was accepted by the President
Andrea Riccardi - Andrea Riccardi is a member of the Fondation Chirac's honour committee, ever since the foundation was launched in 2008 by former French president Jacques Chirac in order to promote world peace
Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital - Former president Jacques Chirac had a pacemaker fitted at the Salpêtrière in 2008
Muhammad Yunus - He has been a member of Fondation Chirac's honour committee, ever since the foundation was launched in 2008 by former French president Jacques Chirac in order to promote world peace
Jean Chretien - He is a member of the Fondation Chirac's honour committee, ever since the foundation was launched in 2008 by former French president Jacques Chirac in order to promote world peace
Yann Arthus-Bertrand - Since 2008, he has participated in the Board of Directors of the Fondation Chirac, a foundation launched in 2008 by former French President Jacques Chirac in order to promote world peace through five advocacy programmes, two of which deal with environmental issues such as access to fresh water, desertification and deforestation
On 7 March 2011, he went on trial for charges of corruption involving the misuse of public money during his time as mayor of Paris (19771995).
On 10 December 2015, Chirac was hospitalized in Paris for undisclosed reasons, although his state of health does not "give any cause for concern", he will remain under ICU
According to his son-in-law Frederic Salat-Baroux, Chirac was again hospitalized in Paris with a lung infection on 18 September 2016