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Connections

California
(Animal)
Aeronautics
(Aerospace and Defence)
World War II
(Military)
George S. Patton
(Politics)
Harry S. Truman
(Politics)
Billy Mitchell
(Politics)
 

See also

Jimmy Doolittle

Knowledge Identifier: +Jimmy_Doolittle

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Jimmy Doolittle

American aviation pioneer add

Category: Exploration

Born in 1896.

Countries: United States (48%), California (9%), (9%)

Main connections: California, Aeronautics, World War II

Linked to: United States Army Air Forces, Los Angeles City College, Manual Arts High School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
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Jimmy Doolittle was born in 1896 add something


1910

By 1910, Jimmy Doolittle was attending school in Los Angeles add something


1917

Doolittle took a leave of absence in October 1917 to enlist in the Signal Corps Reserve as a flying cadet; he ground trained at the University of California School of Military Aeronautics, and flight-trained at Rockwell Field, California add something

 

Doolittle married Josephine E. Daniels on December 24, 1917 add something

 

University of California, Berkeley - In 1917, Berkeley's ROTC program was established, and its School of Military Aeronautics trained future pilots, including Jimmy Doolittle, who graduated with a B.A. in 1922

 

University of California at Berkeley - In 1917, Berkeley's ROTC program was established, and its School of Military Aeronautics trained future pilots, including Jimmy Doolittle, who graduated with a B.A. in 1922


1918

Doolittle received his Reserve Military Aviator rating and was commissioned a first lieutenant in the Signal Officers Reserve Corps on March 11, 1918 add something


1920

Qualifying for retention in the Air Service during demobilization at the end of the war, Doolittle received a Regular Army commission as a 1st Lieutenant, Air Service, on July 1, 1920 add something


1922

Having at last returned to complete his college degree, he earned the Bachelor of Arts from the University of California, Berkeley in 1922, and joined the Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity add something


1923

In July 1923, after serving as a test pilot and aeronautical engineer at McCook Field, Doolittle entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology add something


1924

During March 1924, at McCook Field, Dayton, Ohio, Lieutenant Doolittle, piloting a Fokker PW-7 pursuit airplane, performed a series of acceleration tests requiring skill, initiative, endurance, and courage of the highest type add something

 

In March 1924, he conducted aircraft acceleration tests at McCook Field, which became the basis of his master's thesis and led to his second Distinguished Flying Cross add something

 

He received his S.M. in Aeronautics from MIT in June 1924 add something


1926

For that feat, Doolittle was awarded the Mackay Trophy in 1926 add something

 

In April 1926, Doolittle was given a leave of absence to go to South America to perform demonstration flights add something


1927

During this time, in 1927 he was the first to perform an outside loop previously thought to be a fatal maneuver add something

 

He returned to the United States, and was confined to Walter Reed Army Hospital for his injuries until April 1927 add something


1929

In 1929, he became the first pilot to take off, fly and land an airplane using instruments alone, without a view outside the cockpit add something

 

Benjamin S. Kelsey - As stipulated by Harry Guggenheim, Kelsey flew as Lieutenant Jimmy Doolittle's safety pilot during the first fully 'blind' instrument flight on September 24, 1929, showing observers that he was not in control by keeping his hands visible outside the cockpit


1930

High octane fuel was crucial to the high-performance planes that were developed in the late 1930s add something

 

In January 1930, he advised the Army on the building of Floyd Bennett Field in New York City add something

 

Doolittle resigned his regular commission on February 15, 1930, and was commissioned a major in the Specialist Reserve Corps a month later, being named manager of the Aviation Department of Shell Oil Company, in which capacity he conducted numerous aviation tests add something


1931

In 1931, Doolittle won the Bendix Trophy Race from Burbank, California, to Cleveland, Ohio, in a Laird Super Solution biplane add something


1932

In 1932, Doolittle set the world's high speed record for land planes at 296 miles per hour in the Shell Speed Dash add something


1934

In April 1934, Doolittle became a member of the Baker Board add something


1940

In 1940, he became president of the Institute of Aeronautical Science add something

 

He returned to active duty July 1, 1940, as a major and assistant district supervisor of the Central Air Corps Procurement District at Indianapolis, Indiana, and Detroit, Michigan, where he worked with large auto manufacturers on the conversion of their plants for production of planes add something


1941

Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and America's entry into World War II, Doolittle was recalled to active duty add something


1942

He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on January 2, 1942, and assigned to Army Air Forces Headquarters to plan the first retaliatory air raid on the Japanese homeland add something

 

More significantly, Japanese commanders considered the raid deeply embarrassing, and their attempt to close the perceived gap in their Pacific defense perimeter led directly to the decisive American victory during the Battle of Midway in June 1942 add something

 

He was promoted to Major General in November 1942, and in March 1943 became commanding general of the Northwest African Strategic Air Forces, a unified command of U.S. Army Air Force and Royal Air Force units add something

 

Red Skelton - The phrase was such a part of national culture at the time, when General Doolittle conducted the bombing of Tokyo in 1942, many newspapers used the phrase, "Doolittle Dood It" as a headline

 

Stephen W. Groves - He was aboard "Hornet" when she transported Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle's bombers for the April 1942 Doolittle Raid on Japan, setting the stage for the Battle of Midway, considered one of the most crucial Allied victories of World War II.

 

Billy Mitchell - Nearly 10,000 Mitchells were produced, including the sixteen bombers which Lt. Colonel Jimmy Doolittle and his raiders used to bomb Tokyo and four other Japanese targets in April 1942

 

George Brett (general) - On 6 July 1942 Marshall radioed MacArthur to offer him Major General George Kenney or Brigadier General Jimmy Doolittle as a replacement for Brett


1943

Since 19 February 1943, when he took command of the Allied Strategic Air Force , General Doolittle, by his untiring energy, initiative and personal example has inspired the units under him to renewed successful efforts against the enemy add something

 

On 5 April 1943, the strategic air force was responsible for the destruction of forty eight enemy planes in the air and approximately 100 on the ground add something

 

Gen. Doolittle took command of the Fifteenth Air Force in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in November 1943 add something


1944

From January 1944 to September 1945, he held his largest command, the Eighth Air Force in England as a Lieutenant General, his promotion date being March 13, 1944 and the highest rank ever held by a reserve officer in modern times add something


1945

George S. Patton - General Patton and fellow Californian Army Air Forces Lieutenant General Jimmy Doolittle were honored on June 9, 1945, with a parade through Los Angeles, California and a reception at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before a crowd of over 100,000 people


1946

However, the 8th was not scheduled to be at full strength until February 1946 and Doolittle declined to rush 8th Air Force units into combat saying that "If the war is over, I will not risk one airplane nor a single bomber crew member just to be able to say the 8th Air Force had operated against the Japanese in the Pacific" add something

 

On May 10, 1946, Doolittle reverted to inactive reserve status at the grade of lieutenant general add something

 

Douglas Bader - On one mission, between 15 August and 16 September 1946, Bader was sent on a public relations mission for Shell around Europe and North Africa with United States Air Force General James Doolittle


1947

In 1947, Doolittle became the first president of the Air Force Association, an organization which he helped create add something


1951

In March 1951, Doolittle was appointed a special assistant to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, serving as a civilian in scientific matters which led to Air Force ballistic missile and space programs add something


1952

In 1952, following a string of three air crashes in two months at Elizabeth, New Jersey, Harry S. Truman appointed him to lead a presidential commission examining the safety of urban airports add something


1954

In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower asked Doolittle to perform a study of the Central Intelligence Agency; The resulting work was known as the Doolittle Report, 1954, and was classified for a number of years add something


1958

James Jr was an A-26 Invader pilot during World War II and committed suicide at the age of thirty-eight in 1958 add something

 

TRW Inc. - Thompson Products and Ramo-Wooldridge merged in October 1958 to form Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc. In February 1959, Jimmy Doolittle became Chairman of the Board of Space Technology Laboratories , the division which continued to support the Air Force ICBM efforts


1959

Doolittle was awarded the Public Welfare Medal from the National Academy of Sciences in 1959 add something

 

Doolittle retired from Air Force duty on February 28, 1959 add something


1972

In 1972 James H. Doolittle was awarded the Horatio Alger Award which is given to those who are dedicated community leaders who demonstrate individual initiative and a commitment to excellence; as exemplified by remarkable achievements accomplished through honesty, hard work, self-reliance and perseverance over adversity add something

 

In 1972, Doolittle received the "Tony Jannus Award" for his distinguished contributions to commercial aviation, in recognition of the development of instrument flight add something


1983

In 1983, he was awarded the United States Military Academy's Sylvanus Thayer Award add something


1985

On April 4, 1985, the U.S. Congress promoted Doolittle to the rank of full General on the Air Force retired list add something


1988

Married for over 70 years, Joe Doolittle died in 1988, five years before her husband add something


1989

He was inducted in the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America as the only member of the air racing category in the inaugural class of 1989, and into the Aerospace Walk of Honor in the inaugural class of 1990 add something


Jimmy Doolittle died in 1993 add something

 

James H. "Jimmy" Doolittle died at the age of 96 in Pebble Beach, California on September 27, 1993, and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, near Washington, D.C., next to his wife add something


2007

On May 9, 2007, The new 12th Air Force Combined Air Operations Center, Building 74, at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Tucson, Arizona, was named in his honor as the "General James H. Doolittle Center add something