Lyndon B. Johnson
White House
Richard Nixon
Lee Harvey Oswald
Hubert Humphrey

See also

John F. Kennedy

Knowledge Identifier: +John_F._Kennedy


John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963add

Category: Politics

Born in 1917.

Countries: United States (72%), (6%), United Kingdom (3%)

Main connections: Lyndon B. Johnson, White House, Richard Nixon

Linked to: Soviet Union, Democratic Party, Harvard College, Supreme Court of the United States




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John F. Kennedy was born in 1917 add something


In 1927, the family moved to 5040 Independence Avenue in Riverdale, Bronx, New York City; two years later, they moved to 294 Pondfield Road in Bronxville, New York, where Kennedy was a member of Scout Troop 2. add something


Joseph McCarthy - Mindful of the anti-Catholic prejudice Al Smith faced during his 1928 campaign for that office, Joseph Kennedy supported McCarthy as a national Catholic politician who might pave the way for a younger Kennedy's presidential candidacy


For 8th grade in September 1930, the 13-year old Kennedy attended Canterbury School in New Milford, Connecticut. add something


In late April 1931, he had appendicitis requiring an appendectomy, after which he withdrew from Canterbury and recuperated at home. add something


In September 1931, Kennedy was sent to The Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, for his 9th through 12th grade years. add something


William Randolph Hearst - Hearst's support for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the 1932 Democratic National Convention, via his allies William Gibbs McAdoo and John Nance Garner, can be seen as part of his vendetta against Smith, who was an opponent of Roosevelt's at that convention


While at Choate, Kennedy was beset by health problems, culminating in 1934 with his emergency hospitalization at Yale – New Haven Hospital. add something


In June 1934, he was admitted to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota and diagnosed with colitis. add something


Franklin D. Roosevelt - In 1934, the Securities and Exchange Commission was created to regulate Wall Street, with 1932 campaign fundraiser Joseph P. Kennedy in charge.


Kennedy graduated from Choate in June 1935. add something


In September 1935, he made his first trip abroad, with his parents and sister Kathleen, to London, with the intent of studying at the London School of Economics as his older brother Joe had done. add something


There is uncertainty about what he did at LSE before returning to America in October 1935, when he enrolled late and spent six weeks at Princeton University. add something


He convalesced further at the Kennedy winter home in Palm Beach, Florida, spent the spring of 1936 working as a ranch hand on a 40,000-acre cattle ranch outside Benson, Arizona. add something


In September 1936, Kennedy enrolled at Harvard College, where he produced that year's annual "Freshman Smoker", called by a reviewer "an elaborate entertainment, which included in its cast outstanding personalities of the radio, screen and sports world". add something


In July 1937, Kennedy sailed to France, with his convertible on board, and spent ten weeks driving through Europe with Billings. add something


John Kennedy's father, Joseph P. Kennedy, was a prominent American businessman and political figure, serving in multiple roles, including Ambassador to the United Kingdom, from 1938 to 1940. add something


Kennedy, was a prominent American businessman and political figure, serving in multiple roles, including Ambassador to the United Kingdom, from 1938 to 1940. add something


In June 1938, Kennedy sailed overseas with his father and brother Joe to work with his father, who was Franklin D. Roosevelt's U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's, at the American embassy in London. add something


In 1939, Kennedy toured Europe, the Soviet Union, the Balkans, and the Middle East in preparation for his Harvard senior honors thesis. add something


In 1940, Kennedy completed his thesis, "Appeasement in Munich", about British participation in the Munich Agreement. add something


In the fall of 1940, Kennedy enrolled and audited classes at the Stanford Graduate School of Business. add something


In early 1941, he helped his father complete the writing of a memoir of his three years as an American ambassador and traveled throughout South America. add something


In September 1941, after medical disqualification by the Army for his chronic lower back problems, Kennedy joined the U.S. Navy, with the influence of the director of the &Office_of_Naval_Intelligence, former naval attache to Joseph Kennedy. add something


For extremely heroic conduct as Commanding Officer of Motor Torpedo Boat 109 following the collision and sinking of that vessel in the Pacific War Theater on August 1–2, 1943. add something


Kennedy was honorably discharged in early 1945, just prior to Japan's surrender. add something


In 1946, U.S. Representative James Michael Curley vacated his seat in the strong Democratic 10th Congressional district in Massachusetts to become mayor of Boston . add something


Years after Kennedy's death, it was revealed that in September 1947, at age 30, and while in his first term in Congress, he was diagnosed by Sir Daniel Davis at The London Clinic with Addison's disease, a rare endocrine disorder. add something


In October 1951, during his third term as Massachusetts's 11th district congressman, the 34-year-old Kennedy embarked on a seven-week Asian trip to India, Japan, Vietnam, and Israel with his 25-year-old brother Robert and his 27-year-old sister Patricia. add something


In 1952, he defeated incumbent Republican Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. for the U.S. Senate. add something


Kennedy overcame this formal challenge as well as informal ones from Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic nominee in 1952 and 1956, Stuart Symington, as well as several favorite sons, and on July 13 the Democratic convention nominated Kennedy as its candidate. add something


Robert was campaign manager for Kennedy's successful 1952 Senate campaign and later, his successful 1960 presidential campaign. add something


Joseph McCarthy - McCarthy had refused to campaign for Kennedy's 1952 opponent, Republican incumbent Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., due to his friendship with the Kennedys


Joseph McCarthy - When a speaker at a February 1952 final club dinner stated that he was glad McCarthy had not attended Harvard College, an angry Kennedy jumped up, denounced the speaker, and left the event


They were married a year after he was elected senator, on September 12, 1953. add something


Carthy, Kennedy had drafted, but not delivered, a speech supporting the censure, but was in the hospital. add something


Jacqueline had a miscarriage in 1955 and a stillbirth in 1956. add something


At the 1956 Democratic National Convention, Kennedy was nominated for Vice President, for the presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson, but finished second in that balloting to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee. add something


Autopsy · Reaction · Johnson inauguration · Funeral · Jack Ruby · Ruby v. add something


During his convalescence in 1956, he published Profiles in Courage, a book about U.S. Senators who risked their careers for their personal beliefs, and which received the Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 1957. add something


He never indicated how he would have voted, but the episode damaged Kennedy's support in the liberal community, including Eleanor Roosevelt, in the 1956 and 1960 elections. add something


Troubled by the long-term dangers of radioactive contamination and nuclear weapons proliferation, Kennedy and Khrushchev agreed on the desirability of negotiating a nuclear test ban treaty, originally conceived in Adlai Stevenson's 1956 presidential campaign. add something


Charlton Heston - Heston campaigned for Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson in 1956 and John F. Kennedy in 1960.


Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born in 1957 and is the only surviving member of JFK's immediate family. add something


Senators who risked their careers for their personal beliefs, and which received the Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 1957. add something


The death penalty in the District of Columbia has not been applied since 1957, and has now been abolished. add something


A final compromise bill, which Kennedy supported, was passed in September 1957. add something


In 1958, Kennedy was re-elected to a second term in the Senate, defeating his Republican opponent, Boston lawyer Vincent J. Celeste, by a wide margin. add something


J. Robert Oppenheimer - While still a senator in 1959, Kennedy had been instrumental in voting to narrowly deny Oppenheimer's enemy Lewis Strauss a coveted government position as Secretary of Commerce, effectively ending Strauss' political career.


Lee Harvey Oswald - A former U.S. Marine who had defected to the Soviet Union between October 1959 and June 1962, Oswald was initially arrested for the murder of police officer J. D. Tippit, on a Dallas street approximately 40 minutes after Kennedy was shot


Jackie Robinson - After supporting Richard Nixon in his 1960 presidential race against John F. Kennedy, Robinson later praised Kennedy effusively for his stance on civil rights


Marlon Brando - Brando attended some fundraisers for John F. Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election.


John Diefenbaker - Diefenbaker hoped that US Vice President Richard Nixon would win the 1960 US presidential election, but when Nixon's Democratic rival, Senator John F. Kennedy won the race, he sent Senator Kennedy a note of congratulations


Glenn T. Seaborg - His pending appointment by President Kennedy was nearly derailed in late 1960 when members of the Kennedy transition team learned that Seaborg had been listed in a U.S. News & World Report article as a member of "Nixon's Brain Trust


Henry Fonda - In 1960, Fonda appeared in a campaign commercial for Democratic Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy.


Norman Mailer - In 1960, Mailer wrote "Superman Comes to the Supermarket" for Esquire magazine, an account of the emergence of John F. Kennedy during the Democratic party convention.


Frank Sinatra - In 1960, Sinatra and his friends Peter Lawford, Dean Martin, and Sammy Davis Jr. actively campaigned for Kennedy throughout the United States; On the campaign trail, Sinatra's voice was heard even if he wasn't physically present.


Lyndon B. Johnson - In 1960, after the failure of the "Stop Kennedy" coalition he had formed with Adlai Stevenson, Stuart Symington, and Hubert Humphrey, Johnson received 409 votes on the only ballot at the Democratic convention, which nominated John F. Kennedy.


Martin Luther King - In his autobiography, King says that in 1960 he privately voted for Democratic candidate John F._Kennedy: "I felt that Kennedy would make the best president.


Marilyn Monroe - In the Hoover book, Summers concludes that Monroe was in love with President Kennedy and wanted to marry him in the early 1960s; that she called the White House frequently; and that, when the married President had to break off their affair, Monroe became even more depressed, and turned to Robert Kennedy, who visited Monroe in Los Angeles the day that she died


Norman Mailer - In the early 1960s he was fixated on the figure of President John F. Kennedy, whom he regarded as an "existential hero.


Lyndon B. Johnson - Others say that the Kennedy campaign was desperate to win the 1960 election against Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., and needed Johnson on the ticket to help carry Southern states.


Mitt Romney - Romney said he should neither be elected nor rejected based upon his religion, and echoed Senator John F. Kennedy's famous speech during his 1960 presidential campaign in saying "I will put no doctrine of any church above the plain duties of the office and the sovereign authority of the law.


Richard Nixon - The Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debates, 1960.


John Wayne - Wayne supported Vice President Richard Nixon in the presidential election of 1960, but expressed his vision of patriotism when John F. Kennedy won the election: "I didn't vote for him but he's my president, and I hope he does a good job.


John Peel - While in Dallas, Texas, where the insurance company he worked for was based, he conversed with the presidential candidate, John F. Kennedy and his running mate, Lyndon B. Johnson, who were touring the city during the 1960 election campaign, and took photographs of them


Count Basie - Later that year, Basie appeared on a television special with Fred Astaire, featuring a dance solo to "Sweet Georgia Brown", followed in January 1960 by Basie performing at one of the five John F. Kennedy Inaugural Balls.


Dwight D. Eisenhower - After the election of November 1960, Eisenhower in briefing with John F. Kennedy pointed out the communist threat in Southeast Asia as requiring prioritization in the next administration.


Kennedy signed the executive order creating the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women on December 14, 1961. add something


Unfortunately, the President started off on the wrong foot by reacting aggressively to a routine Khrushchev speech on Cold War confrontation in early 1961. add something


Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th President at noon on January 20, 1961. add something


Sergei Khrushchev said Kennedy approached his father, Nikita, twice about a "joint venture" in space exploration—in June 1961 and autumn 1963. add something


Glenn T. Seaborg - After appointment by President John F. Kennedy and confirmation by the United States Senate, Seaborg was chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission from 1961 to 1971


Norman Mailer - In September of 1961 Mailer was one of the original original twenty-nine prominent American sponsors of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee organization that was the same organization that alleged John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald became a member of in 1963.


Louis Prima - In January 1961 Prima was invited by Frank Sinatra to perform in the Inaugural Gala for President John F. Kennedy They played “Old Black Magic”, one of his favorite songs.


Mark Rothko - In January 1961, Rothko sat next to Joseph Kennedy at John F._Kennedy’s inaugural ball.


Robert Frost - Frost was 86 when he performed a reading of his well-known poem "The Gift Outright" at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy on January 20, 1961


John Diefenbaker - The Kennedy administration began its dealings with Canada badly, with Kennedy mispronouncing Diefenbaker's name in a press conference announcing the Prime Minister's visit to Washington in February 1961


Fidel Castro - The plan was launched in April 1961, less than three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States.


Lyndon B. Johnson - When, in April 1961, the Soviets beat the U.S. with the first manned spaceflight, Kennedy tasked Johnson with coming up with a program that would prove world leadership.


John Diefenbaker - Diefenbaker was initially inclined to go along with Kennedy's request that nuclear weapons be stationed on Canadian soil as part of NORAD. However, when an August 3, 1961, letter from Kennedy which urged this was leaked to the media, Diefenbaker was angered and withdrew his support


Jack Kemp - On October 15, 1961, President John F. Kennedy activated Kemp's San Diego-based 977th Transportation Company reserves unit for duty in response


By the end of 1962, American military personnel had increased from 2,600 to 11,500; 109 men were killed as opposed to 14 in 1961. add something


Kennedy formally authorized escalated involvement when he signed the "National Security Action Memorandum – Subversive Insurgency" in early 1962. add something


Vince Lombardi - After the 1962 championship win, President John F. Kennedy called Lombardi and asked him if he would, "come back to Army and coach again"; Kennedy received Lombardi's tacit denial of the request


Emil Richards - In 1962, in response to a request from President John F. Kennedy, Emil and a small jazz combo joined Sinatra on a tour around the world for the benefit of underprivileged children.


Frank Sinatra - Sinatra's move toward the Republicans seems to have begun when he was snubbed by President Kennedy in favor of Bing Crosby, a rival singer and a Republican, for Kennedy's visit to Palm Springs, California, in 1962.


John Diefenbaker - Though Kennedy was careful to avoid overt favouritism during the 1962 Canadian election campaign, he did allow his pollster, Lou Harris, to work clandestinely for the Liberals


Marilyn Monroe - On May 19, 1962, Monroe made her last significant public appearance, singing "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" at a birthday party for President John F. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden


Marilyn Monroe - On May 19, 1962, she attended the early birthday celebration of President John F. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden, at the suggestion of Kennedy's brother-in-law, actor Peter Lawford


John Diefenbaker - When the Cuban Missile Crisis erupted in October 1962, Kennedy chose not to consult with Diefenbaker before making decisions on what actions to take


Governor of Iowa Harold Hughes, a death penalty opponent, personally contacted Kennedy to request clemency for Victor Feguer, who was sentenced to death by a federal court in Iowa, but Kennedy turned down the request and Feguer was executed on March 15, 1963. add something


Kennedy delivers the commencement speech at American University, June 10, 1963. add something


Namara and Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor to a Vietnam mission in another effort to synchronize the information and formulation of policy. add something


Nevertheless, given the reasons stated for the overthrow of the Diem government, such action would have been a policy reversal, but Kennedy was moving in a less hawkish direction since his acclaimed speech about World Peace at American University on June 10, 1963. add something


Over a hundred thousand, predominantly African Americans, gathered in Washington for the civil rights March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963. add something


In April 1963, Kennedy expressed his assessment of the situation in Vietnam: "We don't have a prayer of staying in Vietnam. add something


By July 1963, Kennedy faced a crisis in Vietnam; despite increased U.S. support, the South Vietnamese military was only marginally effective against pro-Communist Viet Cong forces. add something


Their newborn son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, died in August 1963. add something


Senate ratified this and Kennedy signed it into law in October 1963. add something


The Commission statistics revealed that women were experiencing discrimination; their final report documenting legal and cultural barriers was issued in October 1963. add something

President Kennedy was shot in Dallas on November 22, 1963 add something


Winston Churchill - In 1963, US President John F. Kennedy, acting under authorisation granted by an Act of Congress, proclaimed him an Honorary Citizen of the United States, but he was unable to attend the White House ceremony.


Gerald Ford - In the preface to his book, A Presidential Legacy and The Warren Commission, Ford said the CIA destroyed or kept from investigators critical secrets connected to the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.


Martin Luther King, Jr. - The FBI, under written directive from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, began telephone tapping King in the fall of 1963


Lyndon B. Johnson - In late October 1963, Kennedy officially called the House leaders to the White House to line up the necessary votes for passage.


Gerald Ford - In November 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Ford to the Warren Commission, a special task force set up to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.


John Diefenbaker - In November 1963, upon hearing of Kennedy's assassination, the Tory leader addressed the Commons, stating, "A beacon of freedom has gone


Haile Selassie - On 25 November 1963, the emperor was among other heads of state, including France's President Charles de Gaulle, who traveled to Washington D.C. and attended the funeral of assassinated President John F. Kennedy.


Barry Goldwater - Goldwater was grief-stricken by the assassination of Kennedy and was greatly disappointed that his opponent in the 1964 race would not be Kennedy but instead Kennedy's Vice President, the former Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas


Lee Harvey Oswald - In 1964, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald acted alone in assassinating Kennedy, firing three shots, a conclusion reached by prior investigations carried out by the FBI and Dallas Police Department, yet rejected by much of the U.S. public over the years


Martin Luther King, Jr. - King adds that he likely would have made an exception to his non-endorsement policy in 1964, saying "Had President Kennedy lived, I would probably have endorsed him in 1964


Lyndon B. Johnson - The late President's brother, Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, with whom Johnson had a notoriously difficult relationship, remained in office for a few months until leaving in 1964, to run for the Senate.


Lyndon B. Johnson - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Immigration Act of 1965 at Liberty Island as Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Senator Edward Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and others look on.


Jim Doyle - After graduating from college and inspired by John F. Kennedy's call to public service, Doyle worked as a teacher with his wife, Jessica Doyle in Tunisia, Africa as part of the Peace Corps from 1967 to 1969.


Roger B. Chaffee - Chaffee died along with fellow astronauts Gus Grissom and Ed White during a pre-launch test for the Apollo 1 mission at the then-Cape Kennedy Air Force Station, Florida, in 1967


Roger B. Chaffee - On January 27, 1967, Grissom, White and Chaffee were participating in a "plugs-out" countdown demonstration test at Cape Kennedy in preparation for the planned February 21 launch, when a fire broke out in the cabin, killing all three men


Aeschylus - During his presidential campaign in 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy quoted the Edith Hamilton translation of Aeschylus on the night of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Kennedy was notified of King's murder before a campaign stop in Indianapolis, Indiana and was warned not to attend the event due to fears of rioting from the mostly African-American crowd


Charlton Heston - Following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, Heston and actors Gregory Peck, Kirk Douglas and James Stewart issued a statement calling for support of President Johnson's Gun Control Act of 1968.


Lee Harvey Oswald - In 1968, the Ramsey Clark Panel examined various photographs, X-ray films, documents, and other evidence, concluding that Kennedy was struck by two bullets fired from above and behind him, one of which traversed the base of the neck on the right side without striking bone, and the other of which entered the skull from behind and destroyed its right side


Frank Sinatra - The 1968 election illustrated changes in the once solidly pro-JFK Rat Pack: Peter Lawford, Sammy Davis, Jr., and Shirley MacLaine all endorsed Robert Kennedy in the spring primaries; Sinatra, Dean Martin, and Joey Bishop backed Vice-President Hubert Humphrey.


Haile Selassie - As the longest-serving head of state in power, Haile Selassie was often given precedence over other leaders at state events, such as the state funerals of John F. Kennedy and Charles de Gaulle, the summits of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the 1971 celebration of the 2,500 years of the Persian Empire.


Glenn T. Seaborg - When Seaborg resigned as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1971, he had served longer than any other Kennedy appointee


Richard Nixon - As this still would have left some forty million people uncovered, Kennedy and the other Democrats declined to support it, and the measure failed, though a Nixon proposal for increased use of health maintenance organizations passed Congress in 1973.


Clint Eastwood - In 1974 Eastwood teamed up with Jeff Bridges and George Kennedy in the buddy action caper Thunderbolt and Lightfoot, a road movie about a veteran bank robber Thunderbolt and a young con man drifter, Lightfoot.


Lee Harvey Oswald - In 1979, after a review of the evidence and of prior investigations, the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations was preparing to issue a finding that Oswald had acted alone in killing Kennedy


Lee Harvey Oswald - In 1979, the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded that Oswald fired the shots which killed Kennedy, but differed from previous investigations in concluding he "probably" did not act alone


J. Edgar Hoover - In 1979, there was a large increase in conflict in the House Select Committee on Assassinations under Senator Richard Schweiker, which had re-opened the investigation into the assassination of President Kennedy, reported that Hoover's FBI "failed to investigate adequately the possibility of a conspiracy to assassinate the President"


I. M. Pei - The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated on October 20, 1979


Arnold Schwarzenegger - On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger married television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of President John F. Kennedy, in Hyannis, Massachusetts.


Don DeLillo - DeLillo followed White Noise with Libra, a speculative fictionalised take on the life of Lee Harvey Oswald up to the 1963 assassination of John F. Kennedy.


William Jefferson Clinton - Senators Ted Kennedy – a Democrat – and Orrin Hatch – a Republican – teamed up with Hillary Rodham Clinton and her staff in 1997, and succeeded in passing legislation forming the State Children's Health Insurance Program, the largest health care reform in the years of the Clinton Presidency.


Frank Sinatra - In 1998, Ray Liotta portrayed Sinatra in the HBO movie The Rat Pack, alongside Joe Mantegna as Dean Martin and Don Cheadle as Sammy Davis, Jr. It depicted their contribution to John F. Kennedy's election as U.S. president in 1960.


Ed Perlmutter - In 2000, he helped lead a team that succeeded in a Democratic takeover of the Colorado State Senate for the first time since John F. Kennedy was president.


Gerald Ford - In 2001, he was presented with the John F. Kennedy Profiles in Courage Award for his decision to pardon Richard Nixon to stop the agony America was experiencing over Watergate.


Gerald Ford - In 2001, the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award to Ford for his pardon of Nixon.


Jenny Holzer - In 2004, the dormant Saarinen-designed TWA Flight Center at John F. Kennedy International Airport briefly hosted an art exhibition called Terminal Five, curated by Rachel K. Ward featuring the work of 18 artists.


Tina Turner - Bush congratulates Turner during a reception for the Kennedy Center Honors in the East Room of the White House on December 4, 2005.


Walter Mondale - On May 23, 2006, they had been out of office for 25 years and 123 days, surpassing the former record established by President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson, who both died on July 4, 1826


Edward died at age 77, on August 25, 2009, from the effects of a malignant brain tumor. add something


In August 2009, his brother, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, was buried near his two brothers add something


Edward died at age 77, on August 25, 2009, from the effects of a malignant brain tumor add something


George W. Bush - In 2009, he delivered a speech in Calgary, Alberta, appeared via video on The Colbert Report during which he praised U.S. troops for earning a "special place in American history," and attended the funeral of Senator Ted Kennedy.


Nancy Reagan - Following the August 2009 death of Senator Edward M. Kennedy, she said she was "terribly saddened


In 2018, "The Times" published an audio recreation of the "watchmen on the walls of world freedom" speech he was scheduled to deliver at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963 add something