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John Ford

Knowledge Identifier: +John_Ford

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John Ford

American film directoradd

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1894.

Countries: United States (68%), United Kingdom (7%), California (7%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: John Wayne, Henry Fonda, The Searchers (film)

Linked to: American Film Institute, Conversations with Filmmakers Series, Irish Republican Army, Time

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about John Ford.


Ford was born John Martin 'Jack' Feeney in Cape Elizabeth, Maine to John Augustine Feeney and Barbara 'Abbey' Curran, on February 1, 1894. add something


1912

Jennie Lee (actress) - She appeared in fifty-eight films between 1912 and 1924, working especially in character parts under the directors John Ford and D. W. Griffith


1913

Thomas H. Ince - Even though he was the first producer-director and directed most of his early productions, by 1913 Ince eventually ceased full-time directing to concentrate on producing, giving up this responsibility to such proteges as Francis Ford, his brother John, Jack Conway, William Desmond Taylor, Fred Niblo, Henry King and Frank Borzage


1914

He moved to California and began acting and working in film production for his older brother Francis in 1914, taking "Jack Ford" as a stage name. add something

 

John Ford began his career in film after moving to California in July 1914. add something

 

Francis Ford (actor) - In 1914 Bull followed Francis to Hollywood, changed his name to John Ford and would eventually surpass his older brother's considerable reputation


1917

During his first decade as a director Ford honed his craft on dozens of features but fewer than a dozen of the more than sixty silent films he made between 1917 and 1928 still exist in any form and only ten have survived in their entirety. add something

 

Throughout his career Ford was one of the busiest directors in Hollywood , but he was extraordinarily productive in his first few years as a director—he made ten films in 1917, eight in 1918 and fifteen in 1919—and he directed a total of 62 shorts and features between 1917 and 1928, although he was not given a screen credit on most of his earliest films. add something


1919

J. Farrell MacDonald - He first worked under director John Ford in 1919's "A Fight for Love" and was to make three more with the director that same year


1920

Jean Arthur - Discovered by Fox Film Studios while she was doing commercial modeling in New York City in the early 1920s, Arthur landed a one-year contract and debuted in the silent film "Cameo Kirby" , directed by John Ford

 

Tom Tyler - Tyler had a long career in film, stretching from the 1920s to the 1950s, and appeared in many films, most of them westerns such as John Ford's "Stagecoach" and "She Wore a Yellow Ribbon"


1923

His 1923 feature Cameo Kirby, starring screen idol John Gilbert—another of the few surviving Ford silents—marked his first directing credit under the name "John Ford", rather than "Jack Ford", as he had previously been credited. add something


1928

Ford's output was fairly constant from 1928 to the start of !World_War_II; he made five features in 1928 and made either two or three films every year from 1929–1942 inclusive. add something


1929

He earned nearly $134,000 in 1929, and he made over $100,000 per annum every year from 1934 to 1941, earning a staggering $220,068 in 1938—more than double the salary of the U.S. President at that time (although this was still less than half the income of Carole Lombard, Hollywood's highest-paid star of the 1930s, who was earning around $500,000 per year at the time). add something

 

Gregory Gaye - Later in 1929, Gaye received a bit part in the John Ford film "The Black Watch" starring Victor McLaglen


1930

His three films of 1930 were Men Without Women, Born Reckless and Up the River, which is notable as the debut film for both Spencer Tracy and Humphrey Bogart, who were both signed to Fox on Ford's recommendation. add something

 

It was followed by Wagon Master, starring Ben Johnson and Harry Carey Jr, which is particularly noteworthy as the only Ford film since 1930 that he scripted himself. add something

 

Nancy Kelly - As an adult, she was a leading lady in twenty-seven movies in the 1930s and '40s, including director John Ford's "Submarine Patrol", the comedy "He Married His Wife" with Joel McCrea, "Frontier Marshal" with Randolph Scott as Wyatt Earp, and "Tarzan's Desert Mystery" with Johnny Weismuller

 

Torben Meyer - Next Meyer went from waiter to butler in a number of films in the 1930s; "The Crime of the Century", John Ford's "The World Moves On", "Preview Murder Mystery" starring Reginald Denny, "Piccadilly Jim" and "The First Hundred Years" both starring Robert Montgomery, and "The King and the Chorus Girl" starring Joan Blondell


1931

Ford's films in 1931 were Seas Beneath, The Brat and Arrowsmith; the last-named, adapted from the Sinclair Lewis novel and starring Ronald Colman and Helen Hayes, marked Ford's first Academy Awards recognition, with five nominations including Best Picture. add something

 

Sinclair Lewis - Adapted as a 1931 Hollywood film directed by John Ford and starring Ronald Colman, it was nominated for four Academy *awards


1932

With film production affected by the Depression, Ford made two films each in 1932 and 1933—Airmail with a young Ralph Bellamy and Flesh with Wallace Beery. add something


1933

In 1933, he returned to Fox for Pilgrimage and Doctor Bull, the first of his three films with Will Rogers. add something

 

Andy Devine - It was in 1933 on a film, "Doctor Bull", directed by John Ford at Fox Studios, that Andy met his wife-to-be, Dorothy House


1935

Ford's first film of 1935 was the mistaken-identity comedy The Whole Town's Talking with Edward G. Robinson and Jean Arthur, released in the UK as Passport to Fame, and it drew critical praise. add something

 

Steamboat Round The Bend was his third and final film with Will_Rogers; it is probable they would have continued working together, but their collaboration was cut short by Rogers' untimely death in a plane crash in May 1935, which devastated Ford. add something


1936

John Carradine - By 1936, Carradine had become a member of John Ford's stock company and appeared in "The Prisoner of Shark Island"

 

Arthur Shields - In 1936 John Ford brought him to the United States to act in a film version of "The Plough and the Stars"


1937

Shirley Temple - In 1937, John Ford was hired to direct the sepia-toned "Wee Willie Winkie" and an A-list cast was signed that included Victor McLaglen, C. Aubrey Smith, and Cesar Romero

 

Wee Willie Winkie (film) - "'Wee Willie Winkie"' is a 1937 American adventure film directed by John Ford

 

Stagecoach (1939 film) - The rights to "Lordsburg" were bought by John Ford soon after it was published in "Collier's" magazine on 10 April 1937


1938

Frank Capra - He briefly held the record for winning the most Best Director Oscars when he won for the third time in 1938, until this record was matched by John Ford in 1941, and later surpassed by Ford in 1952.


1939

It would be thirteen years before he made his next Western, Stagecoach, in 1939. add something

 

Stagecoach was Ford's first western since 3 Bad Men in 1926, and it was his first with sound. add something

 

Stagecoach marked the beginning of the most consistently successful phase of Ford's career—in just two years between 1939 and 1941 he created a string of classics films that won numerous Academy Awards. add something

 

Adam Helmer - In John Ford's 1939 film adaptation of the novel, Helmer is portrayed by Ward Bond as "Adam Hartman"

 

Yakima Canutt - It was while working on Mascot serials that Canutt practiced and perfected his most famous stunts, including the drop from a stagecoach that he would employ in John Ford's 1939 "Stagecoach"

 

Union Pacific (film) - "Union Pacific" was released in 1939 two months after John Ford's "Stagecoach", which film historians consider responsible for transforming the Hollywood Western from "a mostly low budget, B film affair

 

Stagecoach (1939 film) - "'Stagecoach"' is a 1939 American Western film directed by John Ford, starring Claire Trevor and John Wayne in his breakthrough role


1940

Ford was the first director to win consecutive Best Director awards, in 1940 and 1941. add something

 

Ford's legendary efficiency and his ability to craft films combining artfulness with strong commercial appeal won him increasing renown and by 1940 he was acknowledged as one of the world's foremost movie directors. add something

 

How Green Was My Valley became one of the biggest films of 1940. add something

 

The Grapes of Wrath - A celebrated Hollywood film version, starring Henry Fonda and directed by John Ford, was made in 1940

 

Russell Simpson (actor) - Born in San Francisco, California, Simpson is best known for his work in the films of John Ford and, in particular, for his portrayal of Pa Joad in "The Grapes of Wrath" in 1940

 

Irving Pichel - By the mid 1940s, Pichel played small parts in several of the films that he directed, performed on radio, and was the narrator of John Ford's "She Wore a Yellow Ribbon" in 1949

 

The Grapes of Wrath - The book was quickly made into a famed, 1940 Hollywood movie of the same name directed by John Ford and starring Henry Fonda as Tom Joad

 

The Grapes of Wrath (film) - "'The Grapes of Wrath"' is a 1940 drama film directed by John Ford

 

The Long Voyage Home - "'The Long Voyage Home"' is a 1940 American drama film directed by John Ford


1941

How Green Was My Valley (film) - "'How Green Was My Valley"' is a 1941 drama film directed by John Ford


1943

Christina Stead - She taught 'Workshop in the Novel' at New York University in 1943 and 1944, and worked as a Hollywood screenwriter in the 1940s, contributing to the "Madame Curie" biopic and the John Ford and John Wayne war movie, "They Were Expendable"


1945

Robert Montgomery (actor) - In 1945, he returned to Hollywood , making his uncredited directing debut with "They Were Expendable", where he directed some of the PT Boat scenes when director John Ford was unable to work for health reasons


1946

Ford directed sixteen features and several documentaries in the decade between 1946 and 1956. add something

 

J. Farrell MacDonald - He was notable in 1946 in John Ford's "My Darling Clementine" in which he played the Dodge City bartender


1947

As time went on, however, Ford became more publicly allied with the Republican Party, declaring himself a 'Maine Republican' in 1947. add something

 

Dorothy Jordan (film actress) - Cooper was a good friend and frequent collaborator with Western director John Ford, forming Argosy Productions in 1947

 

Rodolfo Acosta - He worked in Mexico in films of the great director Emilio Fernández, which led to a bit in John Ford's 1947 film "The Fugitive"

 

The Power and the Glory - In 1947, the novel was freely adapted into a film, "The Fugitive", directed by John Ford and starring Henry Fonda as the priest


1948

It was a big commercial success, grossing nearly $5 million worldwide in its first year and ranking in the Top 20 box office hits of 1948. add something

 

Winton Hoch - He made his first collaboration with John Ford in 1948 with "3 Godfathers"

 

Republic Pictures - The studio was responsible for financing and distributing one Shakespeare film, Orson Welles' "Macbeth" , and several of the films of John Ford during the 1940s and early 1950s

 

Winton Hoch - This was followed with back-to-back Academy *awards for the expensive religious epic "Joan of Arc" in 1948, and the elegiac John Ford Western "She Wore a Yellow Ribbon" in 1949

 

Fort Apache (film) - "'Fort Apache"' is a 1948 American Western film directed by John Ford and starring John Wayne and Henry Fonda


1949

In 1949 Ford briefly returned to Fox to direct Pinky. add something

 

She Wore a Yellow Ribbon - "'She Wore a Yellow Ribbon"' is a 1949 Technicolor Western film directed by John Ford and starring John Wayne


1950

Mankiewicz exactly ten years later, when he won consecutive awards for Best Director in 1950 and 1951. add something

 

Grace Kelly - Director John Ford had first noticed Kelly in a 1950 screen test

 

Andre de Toth - Introduced to Westerns by John Ford, de Toth worked mostly in that genre throughout the 1950s, often bringing elements of noir style into those films

 

Ranald S. Mackenzie - The 1950 John Ford movie "Rio Grande" has some similarities to his action on the frontier


1952

His daughter Barbara was married to singer and actor Ken Curtis from 1952 to 1964. add something

 

Republic's anxiety was erased by the resounding success of The Quiet Man, a pet project which Ford had wanted to make since the 1930s. add something

 

Republication of "Meeting in Dublin with John Ford: The Quiet Man", Sequence 14, 1952. add something

 

Winton Hoch - He received his third Oscar in 1952 for another collaboration with John Ford, this time on the film, "The Quiet Man", which made him the only cinematographer to share an Oscar with a credited second unit cinematographer, Archie Stout, A.S.C.

 

Frank Hotaling - His association with famed director John Ford led to an Oscar nomination, shared with John McCarthy, Jr. and Charles S. Thompson, for Best Art Direction-Set Direction, Color, for 1952's "The Quiet Man"


1953

Ford's next film was the romance-adventure Mogambo, a loose remake of the celebrated 1932 film Red Dust. add something

 

Red Dust - The movie was remade by director John Ford in 1953 as "Mogambo", this time set in Africa rather than Indochina and shot on location in color, with Ava Gardner in the Harlow role and Grace Kelly playing Astor's part

 

Charles Winninger - Winninger had the lead role in only one film, 1953's "The Sun Shines Bright", John Ford's companion piece to his own "Judge Priest"

 

The Sun Shines Bright - "'The Sun Shines Bright"' is a 1953 American drama film directed by John Ford, based on material taken from a series of Irvin S. Cobb stories


1954

Laglen and Myrna Loy is Ford's first complete surviving talking picture; it was remade in 1954 by Henry King as King of the Khyber Rifles. add something

 

Nick Adams (actor) - Two and a half years later, in June 1954 his ship docked in Long Beach harbor and after a brash audition for director John Ford during which Adams did impressions of James Cagney and other celebrities while dressed in his Coast Guard uniform, he took his accumulated leave and appeared as Seaman Reber in the 1955 film version of "Mister Roberts"


1955

Ford made his first forays into television in 1955, directing two half-hour dramas for network TV. In the summer of 1955 he made Rookie of the Year (Hal Roach Studios) for the TV series Studio Directors Playhouse; scripted by Frank S. Nugent, it featured Ford regulars John and Pat Wayne, Vera Miles and Ward Bond, with Ford himself appearing in the introduction. add something

 

In 1955, Ford made the lesser-known West Point drama The Long Gray Line for Columbia Pictures, the first of two Ford films to feature Tyrone Power, who had originally been slated to star as the adult Huw in How Green Was My Valley back in 1941. add something

 

In the summer of 1955 he made Rookie of the Year (Hal Roach Studios) for the TV series Studio Directors Playhouse; scripted by Frank S. Nugent, it featured Ford regulars John and Pat Wayne, Vera Miles and Ward Bond, with Ford himself appearing in the introduction. add something

 

Later in 1955 Ford was hired by Warner Bros to direct the Naval comedy Mister Roberts, starring Henry Fonda, Jack Lemmon, William Powell, and James Cagney, but there was conflict between Ford and Fonda, who had been playing the lead role on Broadway for the past seven years and had misgivings about Ford's direction. add something

 

Tyrone Power - "Untamed", Tyrone Power's last movie made under his contract with 20th Century-Fox, was released in 1955, and same year saw the release of "The Long Gray Line", a successful John Ford film for Columbia Pictures


1956

Ford returned to the big screen with The Searchers, the only Western he made between 1950 and 1959, which is now widely regarded as not only one of his best films, but regarded by many as the greatest western ever made, and one of the best performances of John Wayne's career. add something

 

Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney - His company made three films, the first being the acclaimed 1956 production, "The Searchers", directed by John Ford

 

Henry Brandon (actor) - His most famous acting roles were as "Chief Cicatrice" in John Ford's "The Searchers" in 1956 and "Chief Quanah Parker" in Ford's "Two Rode Together" in 1961


1957

Kenneth Tobey - In 1957, he co-starred with John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara in John Ford's "The Wings of Eagles"

 

Dorothy Jordan (film actress) - Jordan appeared once more, in a small role in the John Ford film "The Wings of Eagles" in 1957 before retiring


1958

Both of Ford's 1958 films were made for Columbia Pictures and both were significant departures from Ford's norm. add something

 

The Last Hurrah,, again set in present day of the '50s, starred Spencer Tracy, who had made his first film appearance in Ford's Up The River in 1930. add something


1960

His work was restricted by the new regime in Hollywood , and he found it hard to get many projects made—by the 1960s he had been pigeonholed as a Western director and complained that he now found it almost impossible to get backing for projects in other genres. add something

 

Billie Burke - Her last screen appearance was in "Sergeant Rutledge", a Western directed by John Ford in 1960

 

Harry Carey, Jr. - In recent years, Carey has attempted to produce a feature film called "Comanche Stallion", a project which John Ford considered making in the early 1960s, based on the 1958 book by Tom Millstead


1961

Frank Capra - Capra's final theatrical film was with Glenn Ford and Bette Davis, named Pocketful of Miracles, a remake of his 1933 film Lady for a Day. In the mid-1960s he worked on pre-production for an adaptation of Martin Caidin's novel Marooned but budgetary constraints made him eventually shelve it.


1962

Also in 1962, Ford directed his fourth and last TV production, Flashing Spikes, a baseball story made for the Alcoa Premiere series and starring James Stewart, Jack Warden, Patrick Wayne and Tige Andrews, with Harry Carey, Jr. and a lengthy surprise appearance by John Wayne, billed in the credits as "Michael Morris. add something

 

Lee Van Cleef - He played one of Lee Marvin's villainous henchmen in the 1962 John Ford classic "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance", with James Stewart and John Wayne

 

Vera Miles - In 1962, she worked with John Ford again on "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance"

 

Gene Pitney - Though it shares a title with a 1962 John Ford western with the same title, "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance", starring John Wayne, the song was not used in the film because of a publishing dispute between Famous Music and Paramount Pictures


1963

Elizabeth Allen (actress) - In 1963, Allen starred with John Wayne, Dorothy Lamour and Lee Marvin in the John Ford film "Donovan's Reef"


1964

Ford explained in a 1964 interview that the US Government was "afraid to show so many American casualties on the screen", adding that all of the D-Day film "still exists in color in storage in Anacostia near Washington, D.C." Thirty years later, historian Stephen E. Ambrose reported that the Eisenhower Center had been unable to find the film. add something

 

Dolores del Rio - In 1964, she appeared in the film "Cheyenne Autumn" directed by John Ford, with a cast that included Richard Widmark, Carroll Baker, James Stewart, Gilbert Roland, Ricardo Montalbán and Sal Mineo


1965

In 1965 Ford began work on Young Cassidy, a biographical drama based upon the life of Irish playwright Sean O'Casey, but he fell ill early in the production and was replaced by Jack Cardiff. add something

 

Julie Christie - Christie starred in two other films released in 1965, first appearing as Daisy Battles in "Young Cassidy", a biopic of Irish playwright Seán O'Casey, co-directed by Jack Cardiff and John Ford

 

Sue Lyon - In 1965, she played a mission worker in China in director John Ford's last feature film, "7 Women"


1968

Joseph McBride (writer) - McBride has published 17 books since 1968, including acclaimed biographies of Steven Spielberg, Frank Capra, Orson Welles, and John Ford


1970

Ford's health deteriorated rapidly in the early 1970s; he suffered a broken hip in 1970 which put him in a wheelchair, and had to move from his Bel Air home to a single-level house in Palm Desert, California, near Eisenhower Medical Center, where he was being treated for cancer. add something

 

Marine, General Lewis B. Puller, with narration by John Wayne, which was made in 1970 but not released until 1976, three years after Ford's death. add something

 

Peter Bogdanovich - In 1970, Bogdanovich was commissioned by the American Film Institute to direct a documentary about John Ford for their tribute, "Directed by John Ford"


1972

In October 1972 the Screen Directors Guild staged a tribute to Ford and in March 1973 the American Film Institute honored him with its first Lifetime Achievement Award at a ceremony which was telecast nationwide, with President Richard Nixon promoting Ford to full Admiral and presenting him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. add something


1973

He was the first recipient of the American Film Institute Life Achievement Award in 1973. add something

 

In 1973, he was awarded the Medal of Freedom by President Nixon, whose campaign he had publicly supported. add something

 

Ford died on 31 August 1973 at Palm Desert, California, and his funeral was held on 5 September at Hollywood's Church of the Blessed Sacrament. add something


1974

Producer Darryl F. Zanuck had a strong influence over the movie and made several key decisions, including the idea of having the character of Huw narrate the film in voice-over, and the decision that Huw's character should not age (Tyrone Power was originally slated to play the adult Huw). add something

 

The Searchers (film) - Sam Peckinpah referenced the aftermath of the massacre and the funeral scene in "Major Dundee" and, according to a 1974 review by Jay Cocks, Peckinpah's "Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia" contains dialogue with "direct tributes to such classics as John Huston's "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre" and John Ford's "The Searchers"


1975

Orson Welles - Also in 1975, the American Film Institute presented Welles with its third Lifetime Achievement Award (the first two going to director John Ford and actor James_Cagney).


1984

Anna Manahan - She received the Gold Medal of the Éire Society of Boston in 1984 and thus joined the company of past recipients such as John F. Kennedy, and film makers John Ford and John Huston


1993

Emma Fielding - After graduation she worked for the Royal National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare Company, coming to the attention of critics in 1993's RSC production of Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia," in which she created the role of Thomasina, and most notably in John Ford's "The Broken Heart" for which she won the Dame Peggy Ashcroft Award for Best Actress and the Ian Charleson Award


2006

The longer revised version of Directed by John Ford shown on Turner Classic Movies in November, 2006 features directors Steven Spielberg, Clint Eastwood, and Martin Scorsese, who suggest that the string of classic films Ford directed during 1936 to 1941 was due in part to an intense six-month extra-marital affair with Katharine Hepburn, the star of Mary of Scotland, an Elizabethan costume drama. add something


2007

In 2007, Twentieth Century Fox released "Ford at Fox", a DVD boxed set of 24 of Ford's films add something


2008

According to records released in 2008, Ford was cited by his superiors for bravery, taking a position to film one mission that was "an obvious and clear target" add something


2010

The print was restored in New Zealand by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences before being returned to America, where it was given a "repremiere" at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills on August 31, 2010, featuring a newly-commissioned score by Michael Mortilla add something


 

Clint Eastwood received the inaugural John Ford award in December 2011 add something


2012

The 1st John Ford Ireland Symposium was held in Dublin, Ireland from 7 to 10 June 2012 add something


2013

The John Ford Ireland Film Symposium will be held again in Dublin in Summer 2013 and delegates can register for updates at the Symposium's official website add something