Knowledge Identifier: +John_Gielgud
Category: Movies & TV
Born in 1904.
Countries: United Kingdom (57%), United States (19%), Ireland (5%)
Linked to: The School for Scandal, Oxford University Dramatic Society, Royal Shakespeare Company, Westminster School
Ellen Terry - Terry's daughter Edith Craig became a theatre director, producer, costume designer and early pioneer of the women's suffrage movement in England; her son, Edward Gordon Craig, became an actor, scenery and effects designer, illustrator and director and founded the Gordon Craig School for the Art of the Theatre in Florence , Italy, in 1913; and her grandnephew was the actor John Gielgud
Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies - In 1924, she played Juliet opposite John Gielgud as Romeo, and Gielgud was grateful to her for the rest of his life for the kindness she showed him, casting her as Queen Anne in "Richard of Bordeaux" in 1934
Gielgud's brother Val Gielgud became the head of BBC Radio Production in 1928, and John made his radio debut there the following year in a version of Pirandello's The Man With the Flower in His Mouth, which he was performing at the Old Vic Theatre.
Harcourt Williams - In 1929 Lilian Baylis appointed the 49 year old actor as the new director of the Old Vic and he was responsible for asking John Gielgud to join as a leading actor in the new company he was forming
Laurence Olivier - His stage breakthrough was in Noel Coward's Private Lives in 1930, followed by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet in 1935, alternating the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with John Gielgud.
George Devine - It was at Oxford that his interest in theatre, which had begun at school, came to fruition, and in 1931 he became the President of the prestigious Oxford University Dramatic Society, or OUDS. In early 1932, he invited the young actor John Gielgud to direct a production of Romeo and Juliet, and, as the OUDS did not admit women, Peggy Ashcroft and Edith Evans were invited to play Juliet and the Nurse
Gielgud was almost as highly regarded for his work as a theatre director as for his acting, having staged his first production as a guest director of the Oxford University Dramatic Society production of Romeo and Juliet in 1932.
Frederick Ranalow - In 1932, John Gielgud suggested his name to C. B. Cochran for the part of Autolycus in Shakespeare's "The Winter's Tale"
But Gielgud was best known for directing productions in which he starred, including his greatest commercial success Richard of Bordeaux, his definitive production of The Importance of Being Earnest, Medea with Judith Anderson's Tony Award-winning performance of the title role with Gielgud supporting her as Jason, The Lady's Not for Burning that won Richard Burton his first notoriety as an actor, and Ivanov.
Angus McBean - He worked as a maker of theatrical props, including a commission of medieval scenery for John Gielgud's 1933 production of "Richard of Bordeaux"
Clintic was so certain that the production would fail in the United States that Gielgud gave up the idea.
However much Gielgud may have wished to stay in America, his return to London in 1937 had an enormous influence on the development of English Theatre.
Michael Redgrave - Other roles that year included Christopher Drew in Daisy Fisher's comedy "A Ship Comes Home" at the St Martin's Theatre in May and Larry Starr in Philip Leaver's comedy "Three Set Out" at the Embassy in June, before joining John Gielgud's Company at the Queen's Theatre, September 1937 to April 1938, where he played Bolingbroke in "Richard II", Charles Surface in "The School for Scandal" and Baron Tusenbach in "Three Sisters"
There followed a 1939 production that Gielgud again directed at the Lyceum Theatre, historic for having been the professional home for Henry Irving's company.
Dadie Rylands - Rylands' 1939 Shakespeare anthology "Ages of Man" was the basis of John Gielgud's one-man show of the same title
Stephen Murray (actor) - He was Gladstone to John Gielgud's Disraeli in "The Prime Minister" in 1941
Ernest Thesiger - Thesiger played the First Witch in a 1941 production of "Macbeth" directed by John Gielgud
Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies - She played Lady Macbeth for almost an entire year in 1942 opposite John Gielgud's Macbeth
John Minton (artist) - While still in the army, Minton, with Ayrton, designed the costumes and scenery for John Gielgud's 1942 production of "Macbeth"
Gielgud's Hamlet was later taken to Elsinore Castle in Denmark, there was a 1944 production directed by George Rylands, and finally a 1945 production that toured the Far East under Gielgud's own direction.
Gielgud's crowning achievement, many believe, was Ages of Man, his one-man recital of Shakespearean excerpts which he performed throughout the 1950s and 1960s, winning a Tony Award for the Broadway production, a Grammy Award for his recording of the piece, and an Emmy Award for producer David Susskind for the 1966 telecast on CBS. Gielgud made his final Shakespearean appearance on stage in 1977 in the title role of John Schlesinger's production of Julius Caesar at the Royal National Theatre.
Jill Bennett (British actress) - Bennett made many appearances in British films during the 1950s and 1960s, notably "The Nanny" , "Inadmissible Evidence" , "The Charge of the Light Brigade" , Calpurnia to John Gielgud's Caesar in a 1970 version of "Julius Caesar" and as Margaret Stevenson in "I Want What I Want "
George Devine - Byam Shaw had moved to Stratford-on-Avon to run the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, and Devine directed several successful Shakespeare productions there in the early 1950s, including a notorious version of King Lear , which starred John Gielgud and was designed by the experimental Japanese American artist and sculptor Isamu Noguchi
Ralph Richardson - In 1952 he appeared at the Stratford-upon-Avon Festival at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre but had mixed reviews: his Prospero in 'The Tempest was judged too prosaic, and his Macbeth, directed by Gielgud, was thought unconvincingly villainous ("Richardson's playing of Macbeth suggests a fatal disparity between his temperament and the part").
Isamu Noguchi - In 1955, he designed the sets and costumes for a controversial theatre production of "King Lear" starring John Gielgud
Les Troyens - Royal Opera House - An aircheck of this performance has been issued on CD. However, the 1957 production at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden conducted by Rafael Kubelík and directed by John Gielgud, has been described as "the first full staging in a single evening that even approximated the composer's original intentions"
Brian Bedford - He has done a great deal of Shakespearean work, notably as Ariel in "The Tempest" opposite John Gielgud's Prospero in 1958, Angelo in "Measure for Measure" at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in 1975 and 1976, and The Public Theater's New York Shakespeare Festival Shakespeare in the Park productions of "As You Like It" , and "Timon of Athens" , the latter based on a production he originated with the National Actors Theatre in 1993 and which he eventually played on Broadway
Ralph Richardson - In the 1960s, Richardson appeared successfully as Sir Peter Teazle in Gielgud's production of The School for Scandal, as the Father in Six Characters in Search of an Author, a return to Bottom in A Midsummer Night's Dream and the original production of Joe Orton's controversial farce What the Butler Saw in the West End at the Queen's Theatre in 1969 with Stanley Baxter, Coral Browne and Hayward Morse.
Richard Burton - He put his stage career on the back burner to concentrate on film, although he received a third Tony *award nomination when he reprised his Hamlet under John Gielgud's direction in 1964 in a production that holds the record for the longest run of the play in Broadway history
Rachel Gurney - On the stage she most notably starred opposite John Gielgud as Hermione in the 1965 production of "A Winter's Tale" and as Lady Chiltern in "An Ideal Husband" at the Piccadilly Theatre in 1966
Doug Hayward - Hayward's client list included: actors Clint Eastwood, Sir John Gielgud, Michael_Caine, Terence Stamp, Rex Harrison, Steve McQueen and John_Osborne; actor Tommy Steele; singer Tony Bennett; newsreader Tom Brokaw; footballer and 1966 World Cup England captain Bobby_Moore; Formula 1 world champion Sir Jackie Stewart; and businessmen Lord Hanson and Mark Birley
Sean Connery - Apart from The Man Who Would Be King and The Wind and the Lion, both released in 1975, most of Connery's successes in the next decade were as part of ensemble casts in films such as Murder on the Orient Express with Vanessa Redgrave and John Gielgud and A Bridge Too Far co-starring Dirk Bogarde and Laurence Olivier.
Orson Welles - Paul Masson's spokesman since 1979, Welles parted company with Paul Masson in 1981, and in 1982 he was replaced by John Gielgud.
Sir John gave the opening address at the Queen Mother's 90th Birthday Celebration Gala at the London Palladium in 1990, referring to a glittering array of stars and personalities assembled saying that because of the love and affection in which she was held they were laying at her feet, this rather large Birthday present, which provoked tremendous approval.
In 1991, Gielgud was able to satisfy his life's ambition by immortalising his Prospero on screen in Peter Greenaway's extremely offbeat version of The Tempest, a film called Prospero's Books in which Gielgud voiced every single character in the play.
Shining Through - World War II - "'Shining Through"' is an American World War II drama film which was released to United States cinemas on January 31, 1992, written and directed by David Seltzer and starring Michael Douglas and Melanie Griffith, with Liam Neeson, Joely Richardson and John Gielgud in supporting roles
Gielgud gave one of his final radio performances in the title role of an All Star production of King Lear in 1994 that was mounted to celebrate his 90th birthday.
Henry Ainley - John Gielgud, writing in the "Sunday Times" in 1996, described Ainley's Prospero as "disastrous", although he generally held Ainley in high regard and fulfilled a longstanding ambition to perform with him when Gielgud played Iago opposite Ainley's Othello in a 1932 BBC Radio broadcast
Gielgud's final onscreen appearance in a major release motion picture was as Pope Pius V in Elizabeth which was released in 1998.
Elizabeth (film) - "'Elizabeth"' is a 1998 biographical film written by Michael Hirst, directed by Shekhar Kapur, and starring Cate Blanchett in the title role of Queen Elizabeth I of England, alongside Geoffrey Rush, Christopher Eccleston, Joseph Fiennes, Sir John Gielgud, Fanny_Ardant and Richard Attenborough
In 2009 the play was presented for a limited run at the Duchess Theatre, in London's West End, with Michael Feast in the main role