John Keats

Knowledge Identifier: +John_Keats

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John Keats

English Romantic poet add

Category: Literature

Born in 1795.

Countries: United Kingdom (50%), United States (13%), (13%)

Main connections: Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Fanny Brawne, J. M. W. Turner

Linked to: Eton College, Cockney School, King's College London, Royal College of Surgeons

 

Timeline


 

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John Keats was born in 1795 add something


1800

She was born in the hamlet of West End , on 9 August 1800 add something

 

Fanny Brawne - "'Frances Brawne Lindon"' is most known for her betrothal to nineteenth-century English Romantic poet John Keats, a fact largely unknown until 1878, when Keats's letters to her were published


1803

His parents were unable to afford Eton or Harrow, so in the summer of 1803 he was sent to board at John Clarke's school in Enfield, close to his grandparents' house add something


1804

In April 1804, when Keats was eight, his father died add something


1809

However, at 13 he began focusing his energy on reading and study, winning his first academic prize in midsummer 1809 add something


1810

In March 1810, when Keats was 14, his mother died of tuberculosis, leaving the children in the custody of their grandmother add something

 

Staffa - Subsequently a stream of famous visitors came to view Staffa's wonders including Robert Adam, Sir Walter Scott , John Keats , J. M. W. Turner, whose 1830 visit yielded an oil painting exhibited in 1832, William Wordsworth , Jules Verne , Alice Liddell in 1878, David Livingstone , Robert Louis Stevenson and Mendelssohn himself in 1829


1813

Keats lodged in the attic above the surgery at 7 Church Street until 1813 add something


1814

Keats's first surviving poem, "An Imitation of Spenser," had been written in 1814, when he was 19 add something

 

When Keats died at 25, he had been writing poetry seriously for only about six years, from 1814 until the summer of 1820; and publishing for only four add something


1815

Having finished his apprenticeship with Hammond, Keats registered as a medical student at Guy's Hospital and began studying there in October 1815 add something


1816

In 1816, Keats received his apothecary's licence, which made him eligible to practise as an apothecary, physician, and surgeon, but before the end of the year he announced to his guardian that he was resolved to be a poet, not a surgeon add something

 

His first poem, the sonnet "O Solitude" appeared in "the Examiner" in May 1816, while his collection "Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes and other poems" was published in July 1820 before his last visit to Rome add something

 

In May 1816, Leigh Hunt agreed to publish the sonnet "O Solitude" in his magazine "The Examiner", a leading liberal magazine of the day add something


1817

From spring 1817, however, there is a rich record of his prolific and impressive skills as letter writer add something

 

Having left his training at the hospital, suffering from a succession of colds, and unhappy with living in damp rooms in London, Keats moved with his brothers into rooms at 1 Well Walk in the village of Hampstead in April 1817 add something

 

Keats befriended Isabella Jones in May 1817, while on holiday in the village of Bo Peep, near Hastings add something


1818

A particularly harsh review by John Wilson Croker appeared in the April 1818 edition of "The Quarterly Review" add something

 

In June 1818, Keats began a walking tour of Scotland, Ireland, and the Lake District with his friend Charles Armitage Brown add something

 

During November 1818 she developed an intimacy with Keats, but it was shadowed by the illness of Tom Keats, whom John was nursing through this period add something

 

Letters and drafts of poems suggest that Keats first met Frances Brawne between September and November 1818 add something

 

Kappa Aquarii - "Endymion", an 1818 poem by John Keats, describes the star in its form as a water urn thusly:

 

Fanny Brawne - It was through the Dilkes that Fanny Brawne met John Keats in November 1818 at Wentworth Place, where Keats had been living for some time with Charles Brown in the companion house to the Dilkes'


1819

Brown wrote, "In the spring of 1819 a nightingale had built her nest near my house add something

 

In 1819, Keats wrote "The Eve of St. Agnes", "La Belle Dame sans Merci", "Hyperion", "Lamia" and "Otho" add something

 

On 3 April 1819, Brawne and her widowed mother moved into the other half of Dilke's Wentworth Place, and Keats and Brawne were able to see each other every day add something

 

On 11 April 1819, Keats and Coleridge had a long walk together on Hampstead Heath add something

 

In February to May 1819 he produced many of his finest letters" add something


1820

During 1820 Keats displayed increasingly serious symptoms of tuberculosis, suffering two lung haemorrhages in the first few days of February add something

 

" Consumption" was not identified as a disease with a single infectious origin until 1820, and there was considerable stigma attached to the condition, as it was often associated with weakness, repressed sexual passion, or masturbation add something

 

It was published that July 1820 and he came to view it as his "least imperfect" work add something

 

The final volume Keats lived to see, "Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems", was eventually published in July 1820 add something

 

In September 1820 Keats left for Rome knowing he would probably never see Brawne again add something

 

In November 1820, Clark declared that the source of his illness was "mental exertion" and the source was largely situated in his stomach add something

 

Keats wrote his last letter on 30 November 1820 to Charles Armitage Brown; "Tis the most difficult thing in the world to me to write a letter add something

 

Percy Bysshe Shelley - In 1820, hearing of John Keats' illness from a friend, Shelley wrote him a letter inviting him to join him at his residence at Pisa

 

John Bell (surgeon) - He died at Rome on 15 April 1820 and he is buried in the Protestant Cemetery, Rome, just behind the tomb of poet John Keats


1821

In 1821, Jones was one of the first in England to be notified of Keats's death add something

 

The first months of 1821 marked a slow and steady decline into the final stage of tuberculosis add something


John Keats died in 1821 add something

 

John Keats died in Rome on 23 February 1821 and was buried in the Protestant Cemetery, Rome add something


1830

Tennyson was writing Keats-style poetry in the 1830s and was being critically attacked in the same manner as his predecessor add something


1833

In 1833, more than 12 years after his death, she married and went on to have three children; she outlived Keats by more than 40 years add something


1841

They lived in Ohio and Louisville, Kentucky , Kentucky, until 1841, when George's investments failed add something


1848

Dilke, co-owner of the house, strenuously denied the story, printed in Milnes' 1848 biography of Keats, dismissing it as 'pure delusion' add something

 

In 1848, twenty-seven years after Keats's death, Richard Monckton Milnes wrote the first full biography, which helped place Keats within the canon of English literature add something

 

Keats' letters were first published in 1848 and 1878 add something

 

The first full biography was published in 1848 by Richard Monckton Milnes add something


1852

Gerard Manley Hopkins - Manley Hopkins moved his family to Hampstead in 1852, near to where John Keats had lived thirty years before and close to the wide green spaces of Hampstead Heath


1870

The publications of letters to Fanny Brawne in 1870 focused on this period and emphasised this tragic aspect, giving rise to widespread criticism at the time add something


1896

A Royal Society of Arts blue plaque was unveiled in 1896 to commemorate Keats at Keats House add something


1996

Abraham Lincoln - On the other hand, Donald opined in his 1996 biography that Lincoln was distinctly endowed with the personality trait of negative capability, defined by the poet John Keats and attributed to extraordinary leaders who were "content in the midst of uncertainties and doubts, and not compelled toward fact or reason


 

Since 1998 the British Keats-Shelley Memorial Association have annually awarded a prize for romantic poetry add something


2002

Samuel Taylor Coleridge - As Paul Magnuson described it in 2002, "Abrams credited Coleridge with originating what Abrams called the 'greater Romantic lyric', a genre that began with Coleridge's 'Conversation' poems, and included Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey", Shelley's "Stanzas Written in Dejection" and Keats's "Ode to a Nightingale", and was a major influence on more modern lyrics by Matthew Arnold, Walt Whitman, Wallace Stevens, and W. H. Auden


2009

The 2009 film "Bright Star", written and directed by Jane Campion, focuses on Keats' relationship with Fanny Brawne add something