Silvina Bullrich
Nazi Party
Samuel Beckett
Adolf Hitler
Ernest Ansermet
Rafael Barrett
LVM Gang

See also

Jorge Luis Borges

Knowledge Identifier: +Jorge_Luis_Borges


Jorge Luis Borges

Argentine writer, essayist, poet and translatoradd

Category: Literature

Born in 1899.

Countries: United States (24%), Argentina (19%), Switzerland (10%)

Main connections: Silvina Bullrich, Nazi Party, Samuel Beckett

Linked to: University of Buenos Aires, Communist Party of Argentina, Nazi Party, University of Cuyo




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Jorge Luis Borges was born in an educated middle-class family in August 1899. add something


Borges was taught at home until the age of 11, bilingual, reading Shakespeare in English at the age of twelve. add something


In 1914, the family moved to Geneva, and spent the next decade in Europe. add something


In This Craft of Verse, Borges says that in 1916 in Geneva " discovered, and was overwhelmed by, Thomas Carlyle. add something


In 1917, when he was 18, he met Maurice Abramowicz and began a literary friendship that would last the rest of his life. add something


Rafael Barrett - In Argentina, Jorge Luis Borges says in a letter of 1917 to his friend, Roberto Godel:


He received his baccalaureat from the Collège de Genève in 1918. add something


In 1921, Borges returned with his family to Buenos Aires . add something


The Borges family decided that, due to political unrest in Argentina, they would remain in Switzerland during the war, staying until 1921. add something


His first book, the poetry collection Fervor de Buenos Aires (Passion for Buenos Aires ), appeared in 1923. add something


In 1930, Nestor Ibarra called Borges the "Great Apostle of Criollismo," celebrating Latin American regionalism. add something


In 1933, Borges gained an editorial appointment at the literary supplement of the newspaper Crítica, where he first published the pieces later collected as the Historia universal de la infamia. add something


In 1934, Argentine ultra-nationalists, sympathetic to Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, asserted Borges was secretly Jewish, and by implication, not a "true" Argentine. add something


In the following years, he served as a literary adviser for the publishing house Emece Editores and wrote weekly columns for El Hogar, which appeared from 1936 to 1939. add something


In an essay published in 1937, Borges attacked the Nazi Party's use of children's books in order to inflame Anti-Semitism. add something


Maria Kodama - "'María Kodama Schweitzer"' is the widow of Argentine author Jorge Luis Borges and sole owner of his estate after his death in 1986


In 1938, Borges found work as first assistant at the Buenos Aires Municipal Library in Miguel Cane, a working class area. add something


In a 1938 essay, Borges reviewed an anthology which rewrote German authors of the past to fit the Nazi party line. add something


Harold Stewart - Stewart was partly inspired in the creation of an imaginary poet after attending some lectures given by the Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges in Melbourne in 1938, though, more importantly, he had been busy inventing several other poetic identities in his earlier years, including Skald and Dulchie Renshaw


His first story written after his accident, "Pierre Menard, Author of The Quixote" came in May 1939, examining the father-son relationship and the nature of authorship. add something


His first collection of short stories, El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan, appeared in 1941, composed mostly of works previously published in Sur. The title story concerns a Chinese professor in England, Dr. Yu Tsun, who spies for Germany during World War I, in an attempt to prove to the authorities that an Asian person is able to obtain the information that they seek. add something


Citizen Kane - In a 1941 review, Jorge Luis Borges called "Citizen Kane" a "metaphysical detective story", in that "


Borges's interest in fantasy was shared by Adolfo Bioy Casares, with whom he coauthored several collections of tales between 1942 and 1967, often under different pseudonyms including H. Bustos Domecq. add something


Eight of Borges's poems appear in the 1943 anthology of Spanish American Poets by H. R. Hays. add something

Major work

1944 - Ficciones by Jorge Luis Borges


Silvina Bullrich - Befriending renown writers Adolfo Bioy Casares and Jorge Luis Borges, in 1945 she collaborated with the latter in a collection of prose titled "Los compadritos"


Borges had agreed to stand for the presidency of the SADE in order fight for intellectual freedom, but he wanted to avenge the humiliation he believed he had suffered in 1946, when the Peronists had proposed to make him an inspector of chickens. add something


In 1946, Borges published the short story, "Deutsches Requiem," which masquerades as the last testament of Otto Dietrich zur Linde, a condemned Nazi war criminal. add something


In 1946, President Juan Domingo Peron began transforming Argentina into a Justicialist regime with the assistance of his wife Evita. add something


In 1951 he was asked by Anti-Peronist friends to run for president of SADE. Borges, suffering from depression caused by a failed romance, reluctantly accepted. add something


Leopoldo Torre Nilsson - In 1954 he directed "Días de odio", based on Jorge Luis Borges's short story "Emma Zunz"


In 1955, he was nominated to the directorship of the National Library. add something


From 1956 to 1970, Borges held a position as a professor of literature at the University of Buenos Aires , while frequently holding temporary appointments at other universities. add something


Pablo Neruda - During the late 1960s, Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges was asked for his opinion of Pablo Neruda


J. M. Cohen - He played an instrumental role in the "Latin Boom" of the 1960s by translating works by Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio_Paz, and Carlos Fuentes, and by bringing the works of Gabriel García Márquez to the attention of his future English publisher


In 1961, he received the first Prix International, which he shared with Samuel Beckett. add something


Samuel Beckett - In 1961, Beckett received the International Publishers' Formentor Prize in recognition of his work, which he shared that year with Jorge Luis Borges.


In 1962, two major anthologies of Borges's writings were published in English by New York presses: Ficciones and Labyrinths. add something


In 1967, Borges began a five-year period of collaboration with the American translator Norman Thomas di Giovanni, through whom he became better known in the English-speaking world. add something


In a 1967 interview with Burgin, Borges recalled how his interactions with Argentina's Nazi sympathisers led him to create the story. add something


In a 1967 interview, Borges said, "Peron was a humbug, and he knew it, and everybody knew it. add something


Word Music and Translation, Lecture, Delivered February 28, 1968. add something


Leonard Schrader - In 1968, he finished his MFA at the University of Iowa's Writer's Workshop where he studied with Nelson Algren, Kurt Vonnegut, Richard Yates, Robert Coover, José Donoso and Jorge Luis Borges


His longest work of fiction was a 14-page story, "The Congress", first published in 1971. add something


When Peron returned from exile and was re-elected president in 1973, Borges immediately resigned as director of the National Library. add something


When Peron returned from exile in 1973 and regained the Presidency, Borges was enraged. add something


In 1980, he was awarded the Balzan Prize and the Prix mondial Cino Del Duca; numerous other honors were to accumulate over the years, such as the French Legion of Honour in 1983, the Cervantes Prize, and a Special Edgar Allan Poe Award from the Mystery Writers of America, "for distinguished contribution to the mystery genre". add something


Homero Aridjis - Besides the Morelia Festival in 1981, Aridjis organized and presided over two international poetry festivals in Mexico City , in 1982 and 1987, bringing to Mexico poets such as Jorge Luis Borges, Seamus_Heaney, Günter Grass, Vasko Popa, Allen Ginsberg, Kazuko Shiraishi, Ted Hughes, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Andrey Voznesensky, Joao Cabral de Melo Neto, Katerina Anghelaki-Rooke, Lars Forssell, Marin Sorescu, Tadeusz Rozewicz, Blanca Varela, André du Bouchet, Eliseo Diego, Mazisi Kunene, Günter Kunert, Breyten Breytenbach, W. S. Merwin, Rita Dove and Paul Muldoon


The New York Times 7 October 1983. add something


Veinticinco de agosto, 1983 - "'Veinticinco de agosto, 1983"' is a chamber opera by Juan María Solare, to a Spanish libretto by Javier Adúriz based on the story by Jorge Luis Borges


Paul Bowles - In 1985 he published his translated version of one short story "The Circular Ruins" of Jorge Luis Borges which was published in a book of sixteen story translations called "She Woke Me Up So I Killed Her"


After Borges' death in 1986, the Peronist Partido Justicialista declined to send a delegate to the writer's memorial service in Buenos Aires . add something


Jorge Luis Borges died in 1986 add something


Jorge Luis Borges died of liver cancer in 1986 in Geneva and was buried there in the Cimetière des Rois. add something


Silvina Bullrich - Remaining close to her friend and former collaborator, Jorge Luis Borges, Bullrich visited him shortly before his death in Geneva in 1986


Peter Boyle - In 1992, he starred in Alex Cox's "Death and the Compass", an adaptation of Jorge Luis Borges' "La Muerte y la Brujula"


After a legal separation, Borges moved back in with his mother, with whom he lived until her death at age 99. add something


As his eyesight waned, he increasingly focused on writing poetry, since he could memorize an entire work in progress. add something


LVM Gang - Republished in 2001 with a foreword by Jorge Luis Borges However, these early gangs reached their peak in the years immediately prior to the Civil War, and gang activity had largely dissipated by the 1870s


Jacques Derrida - Educated in Borges's thought from the age of fifteen, many of Derrida's novelties struck me as somewhat tautological.


Alessandro Haber - He has been touring theatres since 2006 with "Tango d'amore e di coltelli", with musics by Ástor Piazzolla on a text by Jorge Luis Borges


Lito Cruz - Cruz created and produced "Sueños de milongueros" in 2009, a musical written in homage to author Jorge Luis Borges, filmmaker Alejandro Dolina, and satirist Roberto Fontanarrosa


Griselidis Real - On March 9, 2009 she was exhumed and reburied in the Cemetery of the Kings, the prestigious Geneva cemetery where Ernest Ansermet, John Calvin, Jorge Luis Borges, Alberto_Ginastera, Frank Martin, Jean Piaget and Alice Rivaz are buried


Accessed 2010-08-15 As a young man, he visited the frontier "pampas" which extend beyond Argentina into Uruguay and Brazil add something


University of Texas, ; accessed 16 August 2010 add something


Vicente Fox - Later, in October 2010, Fox congratulated Vargas Llosa on Twitter for winning the Nobel Prize in Literature, but he incorrectly attributed a Nobel Prize to Jorge Luis Borges


"Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary"; accessed 1 April 2016 add something