Joseph Stalin

Knowledge Identifier: +Joseph_Stalin


Joseph Stalin

Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 to 5 March 1953add

Category: Politics

Born in 1878.

Countries: Russia (35%), United States (10%), Germany (8%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev, Cold War

Linked to: Soviet Union, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Harvard University Press, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union




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There are conflicting accounts of Stalin's birth, who listed his birth year in various documents as being in 1878 before coming to power in 1922. add something


At the age of seven, he contracted smallpox, which permanently scarred his face. add something


The worst crop failure of late tsarist Russia, in 1892, had caused 375,000 to 400,000 deaths. add something


This birth date is maintained in his School Leaving Certificate, his extensive tsarist Russia police file, a police arrest record from 18 April 1902 which gave his age as 23 years, and all other surviving pre-Revolution documents. add something


Shortly after leaving the seminary, Stalin discovered the writings of Vladimir Lenin and decided to become a Marxist revolutionary, eventually joining Lenin's Bolsheviks in 1903. add something


In the summer of 1906, Stalin married Ekaterina Svanidze, who later gave birth to Stalin's first child, Yakov. add something


Stalin" sometime in 1912 as a pen name. add something


On 7 November, from the Smolny Institute, Stalin, Lenin and the rest of the Central Committee coordinated the insurrection against Kerensky in the 1917 October Revolution. add something


Prior to the revolution of 1917, Stalin played an active role in fighting the tsarist government. add something


Rudolph Rummel Lethal Politics: Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917. add something


However, after Lenin prevailed at the April 1917 Communist Party conference, Stalin and Pravda supported overthrowing the provisional government. add something


Thomas Robert Malthus - Goldstone has since modeled other revolutions by looking at demographics and economics and Lempert has explained Stalin's purges and the Russian Revolution of 1917 in terms of demographic factors that drive political economy


In May 1918, Lenin dispatched Stalin to the city of Tsaritsyn. add something


A group of participants in the 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party, 1919. add something


In 1919 he started with a country house near Usovo, he added dachas at Zuvalova and Kuntsevo. add something


Semyon Budyonny - Budyonny joined the Bolshevik party in 1919, and formed close relationships with Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov


In August 1920, Stalin returned to Moscow , where he defended himself and resigned his military commission. add something


As late as 1921, Stalin himself listed his birthday as 18 December 1878 in a curriculum vitae in his own handwriting. add something


Stalin played a decisive role in engineering the 1921 Red Army invasion of Georgia, following which he adopted particularly hardline, centralist policies towards Soviet Georgia. add something


However, after his coming to power in 1922, Stalin changed the date to 21 December 1879. add something


Lenin suffered a stroke in 1922, forcing him into semi-retirement in Gorki. add something


V. Stalin had held, since 1922, the post of General Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee. add something


With the help of Lev Kamenev, Lenin had Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1922. add something


These allies prevented Lenin's Testament from being revealed to the Twelfth Party Congress in April 1923. add something


Boris Bazhanov - On August 9, 1923, Bazhanov was named assistant to Stalin based on a decision of the organization bureau that read, "Comrade Bazhanov is named assistant to Joseph Stalin and a secretary of the CC


Lenin died of a heart attack on 21 January 1924. add something


Jay Lovestone - With the Soviet Bolshevik party riven by a succession struggle following Lenin's death in January 1924, the factions in the US eventually corresponded with factions in the Soviet leadership, with Foster's faction being strongly supportive of Joseph Stalin and Lovestone's faction sympathetic to Nikolai Bukharin


Soviet Industrialization Reconsidered: Some Preliminary Conclusions about Economic Development between 1926 and 1941. add something


Antonio Gramsci - In 1926 Joseph Stalin's manoeuvres inside the Bolshevik party moved Gramsci to write a letter to the Comintern, in which he deplored the opposition led by Leon Trotsky, but underlined some presumed faults of the leader


At the end of 1927, a critical shortfall in grain supplies prompted Stalin to push for the collectivisation of agriculture and order the seizure of grain hoards from kulak farmers. add something


According to official Soviet estimates, more than 14 million people passed through the Gulag from 1929 to 1953, with a further 7 to 8 million being deported and exiled to remote areas of the &Soviet_Union. add something


Nikolai Bukharin and Premier Alexey Rykov opposed these policies and advocated a return to the NEP, but the rest of the Politburo sided with Stalin and removed Bukharin from the Politburo in November 1929. add something


Maxim Gorky - He visited the USSR several times after 1929, and in 1932 Joseph Stalin personally invited him to return for good, an offer he accepted


Henry Ford - In 1929, Ford accepted Joseph Stalin's invitation to build a model plant at Gorky, a city now known under its historical name Nizhny Novgorod


Nikita Khrushchev - In 1929, Khrushchev again sought to further his education, following Kaganovich to Moscow and enrolling in the Stalin &Industrial_Academy_(Moscow)


Trofim Lysenko - In December 1929, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin gave a famous speech praising "practice" above "theory", elevating the political bosses above the scientists and technical specialists.


Archival data indicates that 20,201 people were executed during 1930, the year of Dekulakization. add something


Continuous persecution in the 1930s resulted in its near-extinction as a public institution: by 1939, active parishes numbered in the low hundreds, many churches had been leveled, and tens of thousands of priests, monks and nuns were persecuted and killed. add something


Nikolai Yezhov, walking with Stalin in the top photo from the 1930s, was killed in 1940. add something


The most notable foreign contractor was Albert Kahn's firm that designed and built 521 factories between 1930 and 1932. add something


Lydia Chukovskaya - In the late 1930s, Joseph Stalin's Great Terror enveloped the land


The Role of Leadership Perceptions and of Intent in the Soviet Famine of 1931–1934. add something


She died in 1932, officially of illness. add something


Alexander Mosolov - In 1932 and in desperation, he wrote a letter to Joseph Stalin pleading for Stalin's influence


El Lissitzky - In 1932, Stalin closed down independent artists' unions; former avant-garde artists had to adapt to the new climate or risk being officially criticised or even blacklisted


In 1933, Stalin put forward the theory of aggravation of the class struggle along with the development of socialism, arguing that the further the country would move forward, the more acute forms of struggle will be used by the doomed remnants of exploiter classes in their last desperate efforts – and that, therefore, political repression was necessary. add something


At the 1934 Party Congress where the vote for the new Central Committee was held, Kirov received only three negative votes, the fewest of any candidate, while Stalin received 1,108 negative votes. add something


In December 1934, the popular Communist Party boss in Leningrad, Sergei Kirov, was murdered. add something


Nikita Khrushchev - Beginning in 1934, Stalin began a campaign of political repression known as the Great Purge, during which millions of people were executed or sent to the Gulag


Ernesto Sabato - In 1934 he started to doubt communism and Joseph Stalin's regime


Oskar Bohme - In 1934, however, the Great Terror began under Joseph Stalin and in 1936 a committee was established to oversee the arts in Soviet Russia


The Finnish communist Arvo Tuominen records a sarcastic toast proposed by Stalin at a New Year Party in 1935 in which he said "Comrades/ I want to propose a toast to our patriarch, life and sun, liberator of nations, architect of socialism – Josef Vissarionovich Stalin, and I hope this is the first and last speech made to that genius this evenin add something


Trofim Lysenko - Though for a period the Soviet government under Stalin continued its support of agricultural scientists, after 1935 the balance of power abruptly swung towards Lysenko and his followers.


Herbert Wehner - When the Saar was re-incorporated in 1935, Wehner went into exile, first to Paris , in 1937 to Moscow , where he lived at Hotel Lux, wrote for the "Deutsche Zentral Zeitung" and had to face Joseph Stalin's Great Purge of 1937-38


John Dos Passos - He was a leading participator in the April 1935 First Americans Writers Congress sponsored by the Communist-leaning League of American Writers, but he eventually balked at the idea of the control that Stalin would have on creative writers in the United States


In 1936, Stalin announced that the society of the Soviet Union consisted of two non-antagonistic classes: workers and kolkhoz peasantry. add something


Mikhail Botvinnik - Botvinnik sent an effusive telegram of thanks to Joseph Stalin after his victory at the great tournament in Nottingham in 1936


Dmitri Shostakovich - During the years of 1936 and 1937, in order to maintain as low a profile as possible between the Fourth and Fifth symphonies, Shostakovich mainly composed film music, a genre favored by Stalin and lacking in dangerous personal expression.


Whittaker Chambers - He became increasingly disturbed by Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, which began in 1936


Reinhard Heydrich - In 1936, Heydrich learned that a top-ranking Soviet officer was plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin


H. L. Mencken - In an open letter to Upton Sinclair, published in the June, 1936, issue of "The American Mercury", Mencken wrote, "You protest, and with justice, each time Hitler jails an opponent; but you forget that Stalin and company have jailed and murdered a thousand times as many


Trofim Lysenko - Letter from Lysenko's parents to Stalin, Pravda, January 3, 1936.


Before World War II he added the Lipki estate and Semyonovskaya, and had at least four dachas in the south by 1937, including one near Sochi. add something


Yevgeny Yevtushenko - Both of Yevtushenko's grandfathers were arrested during Stalin's purges as "enemies of the people" in 1937


John Dewey - He directed the famous Dewey Commission held in Mexico in 1937, which cleared Leon Trotsky of the charges made against him by Joseph Stalin, and marched for women's rights, among many other causes.


Lion Feuchtwanger - His "Moskau 1937", show him praising life under Joseph Stalin and approving of the Moscow Trials


Hong Beom-do - In 1937, Hong and other Koreans were deported to Kazakhstan by Joseph Stalin


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - In 1937, following Stalin's Great Purge, he was promoted to General Staff officer


Nikita Khrushchev - In late 1937, Stalin appointed Khrushchev as head of the Communist Party in Ukraine, and Khrushchev duly left Moscow for Kiev , again the Ukrainian capital, in January 1938


Nikita Khrushchev - Khrushchev had no reason to think himself immune from the purges, and in 1937, confessed his own 1923 dalliance with Trotskyism to Kaganovich, who, according to Khrushchev, "blanched" and advised him to tell Stalin


Emanuel Lasker - Joseph Stalin's Great Purge started at about the same time the Laskers arrived in the USSR. In August 1937, Martha and Emanuel Lasker decided to leave the Soviet Union, and they moved, via the Netherlands, to the United States in October 1937


With no serious opponents left in power, Stalin ended the purges in 1938. add something


After taking around 300,000 Polish prisoners in 1939 and early 1940, 25,700 Polish POWs were executed on 5 March 1940, pursuant to a note to Stalin from Lavrenty Beria, in what became known as the Katyn massacre. add something


End of the 'Low, Dishonest Decade': Failure of the Anglo–Franco–Soviet Alliance in 1939. add something


Stalin stated that the Polish government-in-exile demands for self-rule were not negotiable, such that the Soviet Union would keep the territory of eastern Poland they had already taken by invasion with German consent in 1939, and wanted the pro-Soviet Polish government installed. add something


The book did not attempt to directly counter or deal with the documents published in Nazi-Soviet Relations and rather, focused upon Western culpability for the outbreak of war in 1939. add something


After a failed attempt to sign an anti-German military alliance with France and Britain and talks with Germany regarding a potential political deal, on 23 August 1939, the Soviet Union entered into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, negotiated by Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. add something


Officially a non-aggression treaty only, an appended secret protocol, reached on 23 August 1939, divided the whole of eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. add something


On 1 September 1939, the German invasion of its agreed upon portion of Poland started World War II. On 17 September the Red Army invaded eastern Poland and occupied the Polish territory assigned to it by the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, followed by co-ordination with German forces in Poland. add something


The eastern part of Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and part of Romania were recognized as parts of the Soviet sphere of influence, with Lithuania added in a second secret protocol in September 1939. add something


Nikita Khrushchev - In 1939, Stalin sent him to govern Ukraine, and he continued the purges there


Sergei Prokofiev - However the première of the opera was postponed because Meyerhold was arrested on 20 June 1939 by the NKVD (Joseph Stalin's Secret Police), and shot on 2 February 1940.


Nikita Khrushchev - When Soviet troops, pursuant to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, invaded the eastern portion of Poland on September 17, 1939, Khrushchev accompanied the troops at Stalin's direction


One of the best examples of Stalin's ability to integrate secret police and foreign espionage came in 1940, when he gave approval to the secret police to have Leon Trotsky assassinated in Mexico. add something


After Stalin declared that he was going to "solve the Baltic problem", by June 1940, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were merged into the Soviet Union, after repressions and actions therein brought about the deaths of over 160,000 citizens of these states. add something


In June 1940, Stalin directed the Soviet annexation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina, proclaiming this formerly Romanian territory part of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. add something


In August 1940, Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico, where he had lived in exile since January 1937; this eliminated the last of Stalin's opponents among the former Party leadership. add something


After the Tripartite Pact was signed by Axis Powers Germany, Japan and Italy, in October 1940, Stalin traded letters with Ribbentrop, with Stalin writing about entering an agreement regarding a "permanent basis" for their "mutual interests. add something


Hwang Jang-yop - As part of this, he helped scrub all of the paeans to Joseph Stalin that had been typical of Kim's speeches in the 1940s and early 1950s


Mikhail Gorbachev - Calls for greater independence from Moscow's rule grew louder, especially in the Baltic republics of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia which had been annexed into the Soviet Union by Joseph Stalin in 1940


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - However, the family resumed relations in 1940, following Joseph Stalin's suggestion that they do so


Albert Speer - In 1940, Joseph Stalin proposed that Speer pay a visit to Moscow


Paul Celan - The Soviet occupation of Bukovina in June 1940 deprived Celan of any lingering illusions about Stalinism and Soviet Communism stemming from his earlier socialist engagements; the Soviets quickly imposed bureaucratic reforms on the university where he was studying Romance philology and deportations to Siberia started.


By the end of 1941, the Soviet military had suffered 4.3 million casualties and German forces had advanced 1,050 miles. add something


Very early conferences, such as that with British diplomats in Moscow in 1941 and with Churchill and American diplomats in Moscow in 1942, focused mostly upon war planning and supply, though some preliminary postwar reorganization discussion occurred. add something


In an effort to demonstrate peaceful intentions toward Germany, on 13 April 1941, Stalin oversaw the signing of a neutrality pact with Axis power Japan. add something


During the early morning of 22 June 1941, Hitler broke the pact by implementing Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of Soviet held territories and the Soviet Union that began the war on the Eastern Front. add something


In June 1941, weeks after the German invasion began, Stalin directed employing a scorched earth policy of destroying the infrastructure and food supplies of areas before the Germans could seize them, and that partisans were to be set up in evacuated areas. add something


In September 1941, Stalin told British diplomats that he wanted two agreements: a mutual assistance/aid pact and a recognition that, after the war, the Soviet Union would gain the territories in countries that it had taken pursuant to its division of Eastern Europe with Hitler in the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. add something


Trofim Lysenko - In 1941 Lysenko was awarded the Stalin Prize.


Nikolay Cherkasov - In 1941, Cherkasov was *awarded the Stalin Prize; in 1947, he was named a People's Artist of the Soviet Union


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - In his memoirs, Vasilevsky recalls Stalin's astonishment when, at a ceremony taking place in the Kremlin on December 4, 1941, the Soviet leader saw just a single Order of the Red Star and a medal on Vasilevsky's uniform


In 1942, Hitler shifted his primary goal from an immediate victory in the East, to the more long-term goal of securing the southern Soviet Union to protect oil fields vital to a long-term German war effort. add something


The British agreed to assistance but refused to agree upon the territorial gains, which Stalin accepted months later as the military situation deteriorated somewhat in mid-1942. add something


Sergei Vasilyev - Russian Civil War - His 1942 film "The Defence of Tsaritsyn" concerns the 1918 Battle for Tsaritsyn during the Russian Civil War, a battle in which Joseph Stalin played a prominent role


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - In particular, Nikita Khrushchev defined Vasilevsky in his memoirs as a passive commander completely under the control of Stalin, and blamed him for the Kharkov failure in Spring 1942


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - Following Stalin's orders, the Kharkov offensive was launched on May 12, 1942


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - On September 12, 1942, during a meeting with Stalin, Vasilevsky and Zhukov presented their plan for the Stalingrad counteroffensive after an all-night brainstorming session


By the end of 1943, the Soviets occupied half of the territory taken by the Germans from 1941–1942. add something


In 1943, Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt in the Tehran Conference. add something


On 4 September 1943, Stalin invited Metropolitan Sergius, Metropolitan Alexy and Metropolitan Nikolay to the Kremlin and proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate, which had been suspended since 1925, and elect the Patriarch. add something


On 8 September 1943, Metropolitan Sergius was elected Patriarch. add something


In November 1943, Stalin met with Churchill and Roosevelt in Tehran. add something


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - Third Battle of Kharkov - In March 1943, after the creation of the Kursk salient and the failure of the Third Battle of Kharkov, Stalin and the Stavka had to decide if the offensive should be resumed despite this setback, or if it was better to adopt a defensive stance


Franklin D. Roosevelt - Roosevelt met with Churchill and the Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek at the Cairo Conference in November 1943, and went to the Tehran Conference to confer with Churchill and Stalin.


Beginning in late 1944, the Red Army occupied much of Eastern Europe during these conferences and the discussions shifted to a more intense focus on the reorganization of postwar Europe. add something


In 1944, Stalin met with Churchill in the Moscow Conference. add something


In 1944, the Soviet Union made significant advances across Eastern Europe toward Germany, including Operation Bagration, a massive offensive in Belorussia against the German Army Group Centre. add something


The massacre became a source of political controversy, with the Soviets eventually claiming that Germany committed the executions when the Soviet Union retook Poland in 1944. add something


The parties later agreed that Britain and America would launch a cross-channel invasion of France in May 1944, along with a separate invasion of southern France. add something


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - During the 1944 summer offensive, Stalin announced that he would appoint Vasilevsky Commander-in-Chief of Soviet Forces in the Far East once the war against Germany ended


Charles de Gaulle - He began seeking an audience with Stalin to press his ‘facing both ways’ policy, and finally received an invitation in late 1944.


In 1945, he was mentioned by Halvdan Koht among seven candidates that were qualified for the Nobel Peace Prize. add something


In February 1945, at the conference at Yalta, Stalin demanded a Soviet sphere of political influence in Eastern Europe. add something


Roosevelt and Stalin at the Yalta Conference, February 1945. add something


By April 1945, Nazi Germany faced its last days with 1.9 million German soldiers in the East fighting 6.4 million Red Army soldiers while 1 million German soldiers in the West battled 4 million Western Allied soldiers. add something


By July 1945, Stalin's troops effectively controlled the Baltic States, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania, and refugees were fleeing out of these countries fearing a Communist take-over. add something


Truman and Premiere Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. add something


At the Potsdam Conference from July to August 1945, though Germany had surrendered months earlier, instead of withdrawing Soviet forces from Eastern European countries, Stalin had not moved those forces. add something


He suffered a mild stroke around the time of the Victory parade, and a severe heart attack in October 1945. add something


Carol Mather - A memoir of his duties in Germany in 1945, visiting camps holding Axis prisoners, including Cossacks and Yugoslavs who fought for the Germans and who were returned to face an uncertain future under Stalin and Tito, the book was a defence of Harold Macmillan against allegations of treachery made by Nikolai Tolstoy


Patrick J. Hurley - Moreover, President Roosevelt's February 1945 Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin resulted in a secret agreement in which, among other things, the Soviet Union was granted concessions in China that Czarist Russia had lost in the Russo-Japanese War early in the century


Mihail Sadoveanu - Sadoveanu's literary and political change became known to the general public in March 1945, when he lectured about Soviet leader Joseph Stalin at a conference hall in Bucharest


Mikhail Minin - Joseph Stalin had urged his troops to mount the flag on the Reichstag building no later than May 1, 1945


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - In June 1945, Stalin approved his plan


In 1946, Stalin allegedly said privately that "every Jew is a potential spy. add something


Dmitri Shostakovich - A piano reduction was published in 1946, and the work was finally premiered in 1961, well after Stalin's death.


Vitaly Ginzburg - In 1946 he married his second wife, Nina Ginzburg , who had spent more than a year in custody on fabricated charges of plotting to assassinate Soviet leader Joseph Stalin


Alexei Kosygin - Kosygin was a candidate member of the Politburo from 1946 to 1949, and became a full member toward the end of Joseph Stalin's rule; he lost his seat in 1952


Nikita Khrushchev - The inevitable starvation was largely confined to remote rural regions, and was little noticed outside the USSR. Khrushchev, realizing the desperate situation in late 1946, repeatedly appealed to Stalin for aid, to be met with anger and resistance on the part of the leader


The fraudulent Polish elections, held in January 1947 resulted in Poland's official transformation to undemocratic communist state by 1949. add something


In July 1947, Stalin ordered these communist-dominated governments to pull out of the Paris Conference on the European Recovery Programme. add something


Nikita Khrushchev - However, Khrushchev's political standing had been damaged, and in February 1947, Stalin suggested that Lazar Kaganovich be sent to Ukraine to "help" Khrushchev


Albania remained an ally of the Soviet Union, but Yugoslavia broke with the USSR in 1948. add something


In 1948, Stalin personally edited and rewrote by hand sections of the cold war book Falsifiers of History. add something


In 1948, he was officially nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Wladislav Rieger. add something


Stalin originally supported the creation of Israel in 1948. add something


Falsifiers originally appeared as a series of articles in Pravda in February 1948, and was subsequently published in numerous language and distributed worldwide. add something


In Berlin, after citizens strongly rejected communist candidates in an election, in June 1948, the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin, the portion of Berlin not under Soviet control, cutting off all supply of food and other items. add something


Lawrence Durrell - He returned to London with Eve in the summer of 1948, around the time that Marshal Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia broke ties with Joseph Stalin's COMINFORM, and Durrell was posted to Belgrade , Yugoslavia where he was to remain until 1952


Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia - In 1948, feeling threatened by Joseph Stalin's regime, Olga emigrated with her immediate family to a farm in Ontario, Canada


Nikita Khrushchev - Khrushchev greatly improved relations with Yugoslavia, which had been entirely sundered in 1948 when Stalin realized he could not control Yugoslav leader Josip Tito


In 1949, Stalin conceded defeat and ended the blockade. add something


In 1949, the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania founded the Comecon in accordance with Stalin's desire to enforce Soviet domination of the lesser states of Central Europe and to mollify some states that had expressed interest in the Marshall Plan, and which were now, increasingly, cut off from their traditional markets and suppliers in Western Europe. add something


The German Democratic Republic was declared on 7 October 1949, with a new constitution which enshrined socialism and gave the Soviet-controlled Socialist Unity Party ("SED") control. add something


Dmitri Shostakovich - The restrictions on Shostakovich's music and living arrangements were eased in 1949, when Stalin decided that the Soviets needed to send artistic representatives to the Cultural and Scientific Congress for World Peace in New York City, and that Shostakovich should be amongst them.


Nikita Khrushchev - He completed only one such town before his December 1949 return to Moscow ; he dedicated it to Stalin as a 70th birthday present


Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and China reached a high point with the signing of the 1950 Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance. add something


However, not surprisingly, the relations with the Kuomintang deteriorated. add something


The North Korean Army struck in the pre-dawn hours of Sunday, 25 June 1950, crossing the 38th parallel behind a firestorm of artillery, beginning their invasion of South Korea. add something


Octavio Paz - While in Paris in the early 1950s, influenced by David Rousset, André Breton and Albert Camus, he started publishing his critical views on totalitarianism in general, and against Joseph Stalin in particular


In 1951, in Taiwan, the Chinese Muslim Kuomintang General Bai Chongxi made a speech broadcast on radio to the entire Muslim world calling for a war against Russia, claiming that the "imperialist ogre" leader Stalin was engineering World War III, and Bai called upon Muslims to avoid the Indian leader Nehru, accusing him of being blind to Soviet imperialism. add something


Nikolay Cherkasov - For the role of Alexander Popov in the film "Alexander Popov" in 1951 he received a Stalin Prize of the second degree


Nikita Khrushchev - Khrushchev sought to implement his agro-town proposal, but when his lengthy speech on the subject was published in "Pravda" in March 1951, Stalin disapproved of it


By the age of twelve, two horse-drawn carriage accidents left his left arm permanently damaged. add something


In Stalin's last year of life, one of his last major foreign policy initiatives was the 1952 Stalin Note for German reunification and Superpower disengagement from Central Europe, but Britain, France, and the United States viewed this with suspicion and rejected the offer. add something


The "Doctors' plot" was a plot outlined by Stalin and Soviet officials in 1952 and 1953 whereby several doctors allegedly attempted to kill Soviet officials. add something


Konrad Adenauer - In 1952, the Stalin Note, as it became known, "caught everybody in the West by surprise.


Rio Preisner - One month after his marriage to the art historian Olga Wittová in 1952, Preisner was arrested and sentenced to hard labour in a Stalinist labor camp


Vovsi was released by Beria after Stalin's death in 1953, as was his son-in-law, the composer Mieczyslaw Weinberg. add something


On the early morning hours of 1 March 1953, after an all-night dinner and a movie Stalin arrived at his Kuntsevo residence some 15 km west of Moscow centre with interior minister Lavrentiy Beria and future premiers Georgy Malenkov, Nikolai Bulganin and Nikita Khrushchev where he retired to his bedroom to sleep. add something


The bedridden Stalin died four days later, on 5 March 1953, at the age of 74, and was embalmed on 9 March. add something


The bedridden Stalin died four days later, on 5 March 1953, at the age of 74, and was embalmed on 9 March add something


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - After the war, he became the Soviet Defense Minister, a position he held until Stalin's death in 1953


Aleksandr Vasilevsky - Following Stalin's death in 1953, Vasilevsky fell from grace and was replaced by Nikolai Bulganin, although he remained deputy Defense minister


Trofim Lysenko - Following Stalin's death in 1953, Lysenko retained his position, with the support of the new leader Nikita Khrushchev.


Dmitry Shparo - In 1953, following Joseph Stalin's death, Nina Gimer got a job at the Institute of Applied Mechanics, where she was involved in calculating the trajectories of both the first Soviet cruise missile and the first artificial satellite, Sputnik


Nikita Khrushchev - In the power struggle triggered by Stalin's death in 1953, Khrushchev, after several years, emerged victorious


Alexander Novikov - Novikov was imprisoned until the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953, whereupon he became an avionics teacher and writer until his death


Dwight D. Eisenhower - Eisenhower held out an olive branch to the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin's death in March 1953, but the Cold War escalated during his presidency.


Sergei Prokofiev - Prokofiev died at the age of 61 on 5 March 1953, the day Joseph Stalin's death was announced.


William N. Oatis - He was released May 16, 1953, shortly after the death of Joseph Stalin and after an angry letter from President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the Czechoslovak government


Nikita Khrushchev - In 1955, Khrushchev abandoned Stalin's plans for a large navy, believing that the new ships would be too vulnerable to either conventional or nuclear attack


Mao Zedong - In 1955, as a response to the Khrushchev Report that criticized Joseph Stalin, Mao stated that personality cults are "poisonous ideological survivals of the old society", and reaffirmed China's commitment to collective leadership.


Nikita Khrushchev - Beginning in October 1955, Khrushchev fought to tell the delegates to the upcoming 20th Party Congress about Stalin's crimes


Following Khrushchev's secret speech in 1956, a commission of the central comitee investigated the votes and found that 267 ballots were missing add something


In a 1956 speech, Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin's cult of personality with these words: "It is impermissible and foreign to the spirit of Marxism-Leninism to elevate one person, to transform him into a superman possessing supernatural characteristics akin to those of a god add something


In the years following his death, Stalin and his regime have been condemned on numerous occasions, most notably in 1956 when his successor Nikita Khrushchev denounced his legacy and initiated a process of de-Stalinization add something


Regardless of whether a plot to deport Jews was planned, in his "Secret Speech" in 1956, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev stated that the Doctors Plot was "fabricated add something


In February 1956, Nikita Khrushchev condemned the deportations as a violation of Leninism, and reversed most of them, although it was not until 1991 that the Tatars, Meskhetians and Volga Germans were allowed to return "en masse" to their homelands add something


The harshness with which Soviet affairs were conducted during Stalin's rule was subsequently repudiated by his successors in the Communist Party leadership, most notably by Nikita Khrushchev's repudiation of Stalinism in February 1956 add something


Lester Rodney - Following Nikita Khrushchev's 1956 Secret Speech detailing the crimes of the Joseph Stalin era, Rodney joined "Daily Worker" editor John Gates in an attempt to open the pages of the paper to debate


Aleksandras Stulginskis - Released after Joseph Stalin's death in 1956, he was allowed to emigrate, yet he refused and returned to Lithuanian SSR


Nikita Khrushchev - The speech was a factor in unrest in Poland and revolution in Hungary later in 1956, and Stalin defenders led four days of rioting in his native Georgia in June, calling for Khrushchev to resign and Molotov to take over


Nikita Khrushchev - On February 25, 1956, at the 20th Party Congress, he delivered the "Secret Speech," denouncing Stalin's purges and ushering in a less repressive era in the Soviet Union


Nikita Khrushchev - According to Marshal Georgi Zhukov, writing some years after Khrushchev fired and disgraced him in 1957, Khrushchev persuaded Stalin not to evacuate troops from Kiev


This struggle lasted until 1958 and eventually Khrushchev won through, having defeated all his potential rivals in the Presidium add something


Winston Churchill - In 1958, five years after the account of this meeting was published, authorities of the Soviet Union denied that Stalin accepted the "imperialist proposal".


His body was preserved in Lenin's Mausoleum until 31 October 1961, when his body was removed from the mausoleum and buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis next to the Kremlin walls as part of the process of de-Stalinization add something


J. R. R. Tolkien - However, in 1961, Tolkien sharply criticized a Swedish commentator who suggested that The Lord of the Rings was an anti-communist parable and identified the Dark Lord with Stalin.


Yevgeny Yevtushenko - In 1961, Yevtushenko published "Nasledniki Stalina" , in which he stated that although Stalin was dead, Stalinism and its legacy still dominated the country; in the poem he directly addressed the Soviet government, imploring them to make sure that Stalin would "never rise again"


Vasiliy rose through the ranks of the Soviet air force, officially dying of alcoholism in 1962; however, this is still in question add something


Deng Xiaoping - In 1963, Deng traveled to Moscow to lead a meeting of the Chinese delegation with Stalin's successor, Nikita Khrushchev


In 1967 Svetlana defected to the USA and later married William Wesley Peters and by him had a daughter Olga add something


Svetlana emigrated to the United States in 1967 add something


A 1974 Soviet work describes Stalin's leadership in the following manner: add something


" translated from German by Ewald Osers, B.I. Publications New Delhi, 1974 The repression of so many formerly high-ranking revolutionaries and party members led Leon Trotsky to claim that a "river of blood" separated Stalin's regime from that of Lenin add something


Dean Reed - However, in a 1986 television interview on CBS's "60 Minutes", he defended the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the building of the Berlin Wall , and compared Ronald Reagan to Joseph Stalin, which angered many in the U.S., including Reed's family and friends


Komar and Melamid - Komar & Melamid created their first public art sculpture in 1986, a bronze bust of Joseph Stalin, which was installed in the red light district of The Hague , Netherlands.


Published in the "New York Times" on 5 January 1989 add something


Bronze casts made in 1990 from plaster death mask and plaster cards of his hands clearly show a normal right hand and a withered left hand add something


Before the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, researchers who attempted to count the number of people killed under Stalin's regime produced estimates ranging from 3 to 60 million add something


The political memoirs of Vyacheslav Molotov, published in 1993, claimed that Beria had boasted to Molotov that he poisoned Stalin: "I took him out add something


In March 2001 Russian Independent Television NTV interviewed a previously unknown grandson living in Novokuznetsk, Yuri Davydov, who stated that his father had told him of his lineage, but, was told to keep quiet because of the campaign against Stalin's cult of personality add something


Theodore Romzha - Assassinated by Joseph Stalin's NKVD, he was beatified as a martyr by Pope John Paul II on June 27, 2001


However, in 2003, a joint group of Russian and American historians announced their view that Stalin had ingested flavorless warfarin, a powerful rat poison that inhibits coagulation of the blood and which predisposes the victim to hemorrhagic stroke add something


On 28 November 2006, the Ukrainian Parliament approved a bill declaring the Soviet-era forced famine an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people add something


Kuromiya, Hiroaki "The Voices of the Dead: Stalin's Great Terror in the 1930s add something


Bob Carr - He interviewed American novelist Gore Vidal at the Shanghai and Hong Kong writers' festivals in 2007 and Simon Sebag Montefiore, biographer of Joseph Stalin, at Sydney Writers' Week in 2008


Isaak Babel - July 6, 2007 Loyal to, but not uncritical of, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Isaak Babel fell victim to Joseph Stalin's Great Purge due to his longterm affair with the wife of NKVD chief Nikolai Yezhov


Vladimir Putin - In June 2007, Putin organised a conference for history teachers to promote a high-school teachers manual called A Modern History of Russia: 1945–2006: A Manual for History Teachers which portrays Joseph Stalin as a cruel but successful leader.


In December 2008 Stalin was voted third in the nationwide television project "Name of Russia" add something


Fewer than a third of all Russians regarded Stalin as a "murderous tyrant"; however, a Russian court in 2009, ruling on a suit by Stalin's grandson, Yevgeny Dzhugashvili, against the newspaper, "Novaya Gazeta", ruled that referring to Stalin as a "bloodthirsty cannibal" was not libel add something


On 3 July 2009, Russia's delegates walked out of an Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe session to demonstrate their objections to a resolution for a remembrance day for the "victims of both Nazism and Stalinism" add something


In a Kremlin video blog posted on 29 October 2009, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev denounced the efforts of people seeking to rehabilitate Stalin's image add something


Vladimir Putin - In December 2009, during the annual televised phone-in session, the prime minister continued his reflective approach to Russian history and openly criticised Josef Stalin’s cult of personality, his “crimes against his own people”, and all forms of totalitarianism.


In the spring of 2010 a new monument in honor of Stalin was erected in Zaporizhia add something


In late December 2010 the statue had his head cut off by unidentified vandals and the following New Year's Eve it was completely destroyed in an explosion add something


Yury Luzhkov - In 2010, Yury Luzhkov made public his plans to honour Soviet leader Joseph Stalin with 10 posters of Stalin in the city of Moscow , for the first time in around fifty years after Khrushchev's criticism of Stalin-period policies


Ukraine and Poland unveiled a memorial to the thousands of Ukrainians, Poles and others killed by Stalin's secret police ahead of World War II in September 2012 add something


In a 2013 Q&A session, when asked whether Russia should restore statues of its Soviet-era leaders, Russian President Vladimir Putin replied "What is the essential difference between Cromwell and Stalin- Can you tell me- No difference, add something


According to a 2017 Levada Center poll, Stalin's popularity reached a 16-year high among the Russian population, with 46 percent of poll respondents expressing a favorable view of the former leader add something


In October 2017, Russian President Vladimir Putin has commented on Stalinist repressions while opening the Wall of Grief memorial in Moscow, saying "This terrible past can not be erased from the national memory, and it cannot be justified by anything, not even by the so-called highest interests of the welfare of the people add something