Knowledge Identifier: +Joseph_Stalin
Born in 1878.
Countries: Russia (35%), United States (10%), Germany (8%)
Linked to: Soviet Union, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Harvard University Press, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
The worst crop failure of late tsarist Russia, in 1892, had caused 375,000 to 400,000 deaths.
This birth date is maintained in his School Leaving Certificate, his extensive tsarist Russia police file, a police arrest record from 18 April 1902 which gave his age as 23 years, and all other surviving pre-Revolution documents.
A group of participants in the 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party, 1919.
Semyon Budyonny - Budyonny joined the Bolshevik party in 1919, and formed close relationships with Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov
In August 1920, Stalin returned to Moscow , where he defended himself and resigned his military commission.
Boris Bazhanov - On August 9, 1923, Bazhanov was named assistant to Stalin based on a decision of the organization bureau that read, "Comrade Bazhanov is named assistant to Joseph Stalin and a secretary of the CC
Jay Lovestone - With the Soviet Bolshevik party riven by a succession struggle following Lenin's death in January 1924, the factions in the US eventually corresponded with factions in the Soviet leadership, with Foster's faction being strongly supportive of Joseph Stalin and Lovestone's faction sympathetic to Nikolai Bukharin
Maxim Gorky - He visited the USSR several times after 1929, and in 1932 Joseph Stalin personally invited him to return for good, an offer he accepted
Trofim Lysenko - In December 1929, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin gave a famous speech praising "practice" above "theory", elevating the political bosses above the scientists and technical specialists.
Alexander Mosolov - In 1932 and in desperation, he wrote a letter to Joseph Stalin pleading for Stalin's influence
In 1933, Stalin put forward the theory of aggravation of the class struggle along with the development of socialism, arguing that the further the country would move forward, the more acute forms of struggle will be used by the doomed remnants of exploiter classes in their last desperate efforts and that, therefore, political repression was necessary.
Oskar Bohme - In 1934, however, the Great Terror began under Joseph Stalin and in 1936 a committee was established to oversee the arts in Soviet Russia
The Finnish communist Arvo Tuominen records a sarcastic toast proposed by Stalin at a New Year Party in 1935 in which he said "Comrades/ I want to propose a toast to our patriarch, life and sun, liberator of nations, architect of socialism Josef Vissarionovich Stalin, and I hope this is the first and last speech made to that genius this evenin
In 1936, Stalin announced that the society of the Soviet Union consisted of two non-antagonistic classes: workers and kolkhoz peasantry.
Whittaker Chambers - He became increasingly disturbed by Joseph Stalin's Great Purge, which began in 1936
Reinhard Heydrich - In 1936, Heydrich learned that a top-ranking Soviet officer was plotting to overthrow Joseph Stalin
Lion Feuchtwanger - His "Moskau 1937", show him praising life under Joseph Stalin and approving of the Moscow Trials
One of the best examples of Stalin's ability to integrate secret police and foreign espionage came in 1940, when he gave approval to the secret police to have Leon Trotsky assassinated in Mexico.
Hwang Jang-yop - As part of this, he helped scrub all of the paeans to Joseph Stalin that had been typical of Kim's speeches in the 1940s and early 1950s
Aleksandr Vasilevsky - However, the family resumed relations in 1940, following Joseph Stalin's suggestion that they do so
Paul Celan - The Soviet occupation of Bukovina in June 1940 deprived Celan of any lingering illusions about Stalinism and Soviet Communism stemming from his earlier socialist engagements; the Soviets quickly imposed bureaucratic reforms on the university where he was studying Romance philology and deportations to Siberia started.
In 1945, he was mentioned by Halvdan Koht among seven candidates that were qualified for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Carol Mather - A memoir of his duties in Germany in 1945, visiting camps holding Axis prisoners, including Cossacks and Yugoslavs who fought for the Germans and who were returned to face an uncertain future under Stalin and Tito, the book was a defence of Harold Macmillan against allegations of treachery made by Nikolai Tolstoy
Patrick J. Hurley - Moreover, President Roosevelt's February 1945 Yalta Conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin resulted in a secret agreement in which, among other things, the Soviet Union was granted concessions in China that Czarist Russia had lost in the Russo-Japanese War early in the century
Mikhail Minin - Joseph Stalin had urged his troops to mount the flag on the Reichstag building no later than May 1, 1945
Vitaly Ginzburg - In 1946 he married his second wife, Nina Ginzburg , who had spent more than a year in custody on fabricated charges of plotting to assassinate Soviet leader Joseph Stalin
Alexei Kosygin - Kosygin was a candidate member of the Politburo from 1946 to 1949, and became a full member toward the end of Joseph Stalin's rule; he lost his seat in 1952
Albania remained an ally of the Soviet Union, but Yugoslavia broke with the USSR in 1948.
Dmitri Shostakovich - The restrictions on Shostakovich's music and living arrangements were eased in 1949, when Stalin decided that the Soviets needed to send artistic representatives to the Cultural and Scientific Congress for World Peace in New York City, and that Shostakovich should be amongst them.
In 1951, in Taiwan, the Chinese Muslim Kuomintang General Bai Chongxi made a speech broadcast on radio to the entire Muslim world calling for a war against Russia, claiming that the "imperialist ogre" leader Stalin was engineering World War III, and Bai called upon Muslims to avoid the Indian leader Nehru, accusing him of being blind to Soviet imperialism.
Dmitry Shparo - In 1953, following Joseph Stalin's death, Nina Gimer got a job at the Institute of Applied Mechanics, where she was involved in calculating the trajectories of both the first Soviet cruise missile and the first artificial satellite, Sputnik
Alexander Novikov - Novikov was imprisoned until the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953, whereupon he became an avionics teacher and writer until his death
Sergei Prokofiev - Prokofiev died at the age of 61 on 5 March 1953, the day Joseph Stalin's death was announced.
Mao Zedong - In 1955, as a response to the Khrushchev Report that criticized Joseph Stalin, Mao stated that personality cults are "poisonous ideological survivals of the old society", and reaffirmed China's commitment to collective leadership.
Following Khrushchev's secret speech in 1956, a commission of the central comitee investigated the votes and found that 267 ballots were missing
Aleksandras Stulginskis - Released after Joseph Stalin's death in 1956, he was allowed to emigrate, yet he refused and returned to Lithuanian SSR
His body was preserved in Lenin's Mausoleum until 31 October 1961, when his body was removed from the mausoleum and buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis next to the Kremlin walls as part of the process of de-Stalinization
Yevgeny Yevtushenko - In 1961, Yevtushenko published "Nasledniki Stalina" , in which he stated that although Stalin was dead, Stalinism and its legacy still dominated the country; in the poem he directly addressed the Soviet government, imploring them to make sure that Stalin would "never rise again"
Before the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, researchers who attempted to count the number of people killed under Stalin's regime produced estimates ranging from 3 to 60 million
In March 2001 Russian Independent Television NTV interviewed a previously unknown grandson living in Novokuznetsk, Yuri Davydov, who stated that his father had told him of his lineage, but, was told to keep quiet because of the campaign against Stalin's cult of personality
Vladimir Putin - In June 2007, Putin organised a conference for history teachers to promote a high-school teachers manual called A Modern History of Russia: 19452006: A Manual for History Teachers which portrays Joseph Stalin as a cruel but successful leader.
In December 2008 Stalin was voted third in the nationwide television project "Name of Russia"
In the spring of 2010 a new monument in honor of Stalin was erected in Zaporizhia
According to a 2017 Levada Center poll, Stalin's popularity reached a 16-year high among the Russian population, with 46 percent of poll respondents expressing a favorable view of the former leader