Katharine Hepburn

Knowledge Identifier: +Katharine_Hepburn

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Katharine Hepburn

American actress of film, stage, and television add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1907.

Countries: United States (55%), United Kingdom (14%), (8%)

Main connections: Spencer Tracy, Philip Barry, Laurence Olivier

Linked to: The New York Times, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, American Film Institute, Kingswood-Oxford School

 

Timeline


 

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Katharine Hepburn was born in 1907 add something


1920

She appeared on the stage in every decade from the 1920s to the 1980s, performing plays by Shakespeare and Shaw, and a Broadway musical add something


1921

On April 3, 1921, while visiting friends in Greenwich Village, Hepburn discovered the body of her older brother Tom, whom she adored, dead from an apparent suicide add something


1924

In 1924, Hepburn gained a place at Bryn Mawr College add something


1928

She graduated with a degree in history and philosophy in June 1928 add something

 

Her Broadway debut came on November 12, 1928, at the Cort Theatre, but reviews for the show were poor and it closed after eight nights add something

 

The couple married on December 12, 1928, when she was 21 and he was 29 add something


1929

In 1929, Hepburn turned down a role with the Theatre Guild to play the lead in "Death Takes a Holiday" add something


1930

In the spring of 1930, Hepburn joined a stock company in Stockbridge, Massachusetts add something

 

Rumors have existed since the 1930s that Hepburn may have been a lesbian or bisexual add something

 

Tracy remained married throughout their relationship; although he and his wife Louise had been living separate lives since the 1930s, there was never an official split and neither party pursued a divorce add something

 

Trousers - Frequent photographs from the 1930s of actresses Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn in trousers helped make trousers acceptable for women

 

Jane Cowl - In 1930 Cowl appeared with a young Katharine Hepburn in the Broadway production of Benn W. Levy's play "Art and Mrs. Bottle", and in 1934 she created the role of Lael Wyngate in S. N. Behrman's "Rain from Heaven" opposite actor John Halliday

 

Dennie Moore - In the 1930s, she decided to embark on a film career and in 1935 she arrived to Hollywood and made her screen debut opposite Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn in "Sylvia Scarlett" for RKO Radio Pictures; her role, however, was uncredited

 

Donald Crisp - Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, he appeared in a wide range of roles alongside some of the era's biggest stars, including Katharine Hepburn in "The Little Minister" , Charles Laughton and Clark Gable in "Mutiny on the Bounty" , Bette Davis and Henry Fonda in "That Certain Woman" , Laurence Olivier in "Wuthering Heights" , Errol Flynn in "The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex" and "The Sea Hawk" and Gregory Peck in "The Valley of Decision"

 

Madeleine Vionnet - With her bias cut clothes, Vionnet dominated haute couture in the 1930s setting trends with her sensual gowns worn by such stars as Marlene Dietrich, Katharine Hepburn and Greta Garbo


1931

During the summer of 1931, Philip Barry asked her to appear in his new play, "The Animal Kingdom", alongside Leslie Howard add something

 

Spring Byington - The first was a short film titled "Papa's Slay Ride" in 1931 and the second, and most famous, was "Little Women" in 1933 as "Marmee" with Katharine Hepburn as her daughter "Jo"


1932

The move to Hollywood in 1932 cemented the couple's estrangement, and in 1934, she traveled to Mexico to get a quick divorce add something

 

It opened on March 11, 1932, at the Morosco Theatre on Broadway add something

 

Hepburn arrived in California in July 1932, at 25 years old add something


1933

By the end of 1933 Hepburn was at the top of her profession, but yearned to prove herself on Broadway add something

 

It opened at the Martin Beck Theatre on December 26, 1933, and Hepburn was roundly panned by the critics add something

 

May Robson - In 1933, she was nominated at age 75 for the Academy *award for Best Actress for "Lady for a Day", losing to Katharine Hepburn


1934

Sara Haden - Haden made her film debut in 1934 in the Katharine Hepburn vehicle "Spitfire"


1935

Francis Lederer - He won the lead opposite Katharine Hepburn in the 1935 film "Break of Hearts", but the producers replaced him with Charles Boyer

 

George Stevens - His big break came when he directed Katharine Hepburn in "Alice Adams" in 1935


1936

In 1936, while she was touring "Jane Eyre", Hepburn began a relationship with entrepreneur Howard Hughes add something

 

It had a successful tour, Towards the end of 1936, Hepburn vied for the role of Scarlett O'Hara in "Gone With The Wind" add something

 

Maxwell Anderson - Still another of his plays involving Elizabeth I, "Mary of Scotland" , was turned into a 1936 film, starring Katharine Hepburn as Mary, Queen of Scots, Fredric March as the Earl of Bothwell, and Florence Eldridge as Elizabeth


1937

Anthony Veiller - In 1937, he co-wrote the screenplay for Stage Door, starring Katharine Hepburn, Ginger_Rogers and Adolphe Menjou

 

Theodore Kosloff - Kosloff's last film role was an uncredited role as a dance instructor in the 1937 Gregory La Cava directed "Stage Door", opposite Ginger Rogers, Katharine Hepburn and Adolphe Menjou

 

Frank Fenton (actor) - "Los Angeles Times", January 5, 1937, Pg. 15 the Georgetown University-graduate started his career on stage in New York, eventually starring in the Broadway versions of "Susan and God" with Gertrude Lawrence and as George Kittredge in "The Philadelphia Story" alongside Katharine Hepburn


1938

In 1938 she was labeled "box office poison" add something

 

The first act features Hepburn in 1938, after being labeled "box office poison", and the second act in 1983, where she reflects on her life and career add something

 

They separated in 1938, when Hepburn left Hollywood after being labeled "box office poison" add something

 

In May 1938, the Independent Theatre Owners of America included Hepburn on a list of actors considered "Box Office Poison"; others included Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, Mae West, Marlene Dietrich, and Kay Francis add something

 

Henry Kolker - Another well remembered part is as Mr. Seton, father of Katharine Hepburn and Lew Ayres in the 1938 film Holiday directed by George Cukor

 

Shirley Temple - The Independent Theatre Owners Association paid for an advertisement in the "Hollywood Reporter" in May 1938 that included Temple on a list of actors who deserved their salaries while others, such as Katharine Hepburn and Joan Crawford, were described as "whose box-office draw is nil"


1939

"The Philadelphia Story" first toured the United States, to positive reviews, and opened in New York at the Schubert Theatre on March 29, 1939 add something

 

Joseph Cotten - Cotten returned to Broadway in 1939, creating the role of C. K. Dexter Haven opposite Katharine Hepburn's Tracy Lord in the original production of Philip Barry's "The Philadelphia Story"

 

Philip Barry - His best known work is "The Philadelphia Story" , which was made into a popular 1940 film starring Katharine Hepburn, Cary_Grant, and James Stewart


1940

In the 1940s she was contracted to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, where her career focused on an alliance with Spencer Tracy add something

 

The anti-communist hysteria in 1940s Hollywood prompted her to political activity, and she made a speech against censorship in May 1947 that shocked the public add something

 

"The Philadelphia Story" was one of the biggest hits of 1940, breaking records at Radio City Music Hall add something

 

Dorothy Fay - In 1940, she asked Monogram to give her a different part and was loaned to MGM for a small role in "The Philadelphia Story", which starred Cary Grant, Katharine Hepburn and James Stewart

 

Anne Morgan (philanthropist) - Titled the "Spécialités de la Maison" and published in 1940 to benefit the AFF, it offered recipes by cultural icons such as Pearl S. Buck, Salvador Dalí, and Katharine Hepburn

 

Garson Kanin - Kanin and Katharine Hepburn were the only witnesses to Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh's wedding in California on August 31, 1940

 

Vivien Leigh - On 31 August 1940, Olivier and Leigh were married in Santa Barbara, California, in a ceremony attended only by their witnesses, Katharine Hepburn and Garson Kanin


1941

The idea for the film was proposed to her by Garson Kanin in 1941 add something

 

Garson Kanin - In 1941, he and Katharine Hepburn worked with his brother Michael Kanin and Ring Lardner, Jr., on the early drafts of what would become "Woman of the Year" right before Garson enlisted in the army

 

Spencer Tracy - While making Woman of the Year in September 1941, Tracy began a relationship with Katharine Hepburn.


1942

In 1942, Hepburn returned to Broadway to appear in another Philip Barry play, "Without Love", which was written with the actress in mind add something

 

Released in 1942, "Woman of the Year" was another success add something


1943

Her only appearance in 1943 was a cameo in the morale-building wartime film "Stage Door Canteen", playing herself add something


1944

She took an atypical role in 1944, playing a Chinese peasant in the high-budget drama "Dragon Seed" add something

 

Frances Rafferty - She appeared in minor and secondary roles, and although she had a part in the 1944 film "Dragon Seed" with Katharine Hepburn and Walter Huston, her significant parts were limited almost exclusively to "B" movies


1946

Symphony No. 3 (Brahms) - In the 1946 film noir "Undercurrent", starring Katharine Hepburn, the same theme appears both in the opening credits and in multiple scenes

 

Lana Turner - In August 1946, it was announced Turner was set to replace Katharine Hepburn in the big budgeted historical drama "Green Dolphin Street" , a role for which she darkened her hair and lost 15 pounds


1947

Clara Schumann - She was portrayed onscreen by Katharine Hepburn in the 1947 film "Song of Love", in which Paul Henreid played Robert Schumann and Robert Walker starred as a young Johannes Brahms


1949

Tracy and Hepburn appeared on screen together for a third consecutive year in the 1949 film "Adam's Rib" add something


1950

The 1950s saw Hepburn take on a series of professional challenges, and stretch herself further than at any other point in her life at an age when most actresses began to retreat add something

 

They often spent stretches of time apart due to their work, particularly in the 1950s when Hepburn was largely abroad for career commitments add something

 

In January 1950, Hepburn made her first venture into Shakespeare, playing Rosalind in "As You Like It" add something


1951

In 1951, Hepburn filmed "The African Queen", her first movie in Technicolor add something

 

The movie was released at the end of 1951 to popular support and critical acclaim, and gave Hepburn her fifth Best Actress nomination at the Academy awards add something

 

Humphrey Bogart - Bogart starred with Katharine Hepburn in the film "The African Queen" in 1951, again directed by his friend John Huston


1952

In the summer of 1952, Hepburn appeared in London's West End for a ten-week run of George Bernard Shaw's "The Millionairess" add something

 

In October 1952 it opened at the Shubert Theatre, where despite a lukewarm critical response it sold out its ten-week run add something


1955

Robert Helpmann - Helpmann dedicated the ballet to his friend American actress Katharine Hepburn, who wanted to see a male lyrebird dancing during her visit to Australia in 1955

 

Petticoat - In 1955, Iron Curtain politics were satirised in a Bob Hope and Katharine Hepburn film "The Iron Petticoat"


1956

N. Richard Nash - It was translated to over 40 languages and made into a 1956 Hollywood film starring Burt Lancaster and Katharine Hepburn, and a 1982 full-length TV production


1960

Hepburn returned to Stratford in the summer of 1960 to play Viola in "Twelfth Night" and Cleopatra in "Antony and Cleopatra" add something

 

Tracy's health declined significantly in the 1960s, and Hepburn took a five-year break in her career to care for him add something

 

Robert Ryan - Among his rare stage appearances, Ryan starred opposite Katharine Hepburn at the American Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford, Connecticut where he played Antony to Hepburn's Cleopatra in the summer of 1960


1962

Dean Stockwell - In 1962, he appeared in an adaptation of Eugene O'Neill's play "Long Day's Journey Into Night" along with Katharine Hepburn, Ralph_Richardson and Jason Robards

 

Sidney Lumet - This was followed by another Eugene O'Neill play turned to cinema, Long Day's Journey into Night, in 1962, with Katharine Hepburn gaining an Oscar nomination for her performance as a drug-addicted housewife; the four principal actors swept the acting awards at the 1962 Cannes Film Festival.


1965

Ruth Buzzi - The museum has featured a 1965 Chrysler Imperial convertible previously owned by Katharine Hepburn


1966

Noel Willman - He was nominated in 1966 for the same category for James Goldman's "The Lion in Winter", and he directed Katharine Hepburn and Christopher Reeve in "A Matter of Gravity" in 1976


1967

She did not work again until 1967's "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner", her ninth film with Tracy add something

 

She moved into Tracy's house for this period, and was with him when he died on June 10, 1967 add something


1968

Wait Until Dark (film) - Audrey Hepburn was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1968, losing to Katharine Hepburn in "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner"

 

Anthony Hopkins - In 1968, he got his break in The Lion in Winter playing Richard I, along with Peter O'Toole, Katharine Hepburn, and future James Bond star Timothy Dalton, who played Philip II of France.

 

Barbra Streisand - Streisand won the 1968 Academy *award for Best Actress for the role, sharing it with Katharine Hepburn , the only time there has been a tie in this Oscar category

 

Barbara Streisand - Streisand won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actress for the role, sharing it with Katharine_Hepburn, the only time there has been a tie in this Oscar category.


1969

From December 1969 to August 1970, Hepburn starred in the Broadway musical "Coco", about the life of Coco Chanel add something

 

Charles Boyer - He had a notable part as a corrupt city official in the 1969 film version of "The Madwoman of Chaillot", featuring Katharine Hepburn

 

The Madwoman of Chaillot - In 1969 a film adaptation of "The Madwoman of Chaillot" starring Katharine Hepburn was produced based on the Maurice Valency translation of the play

 

Giulietta Masina - In 1969, Masina did her first work in English in "The Madwoman of Chaillot" which starred Katharine Hepburn


1970

In the 1970s she began appearing in television movies, which became the focus of her career in later life add something

 

David Holliday - For the 1970 Tony *awards there was a fifteen minute performance of the musical "Coco", with Katharine Hepburn as Coco Chanel and featuring George Rose, Gale Dixon and David Holliday

 

Danielle Darrieux - In 1970, Darrieux replaced Katharine Hepburn in the Broadway musical, "Coco", based on the life of Coco Chanel, but the play, essentially a showcase for Hepburn, soon folded without her

 

William Rose (screenwriter) - In the 1970s, he had a brief relationship with Katharine Hepburn


1971

In 1971 she signed on to star in an adaptation of Graham Greene's "Travels With My Aunt", but was unhappy with early versions of the script and took to rewriting it herself add something


1972

Travels with My Aunt (film) - George Cukor initially gave Katharine Hepburn a copy of the Graham Greene novel and told her he wanted to cast her as August 1972 a


1973

Hepburn had been wary of the medium but it proved to be one of the main television events of 1973, scoring high in the Nielsen ratings add something

 

The protective attitude thawed as she aged; beginning with a two-hour long interview on "The Dick Cavett Show" in 1973, Hepburn became increasingly open with the public add something

 

Sam Waterston - He starred as Tom with Katharine Hepburn in a 1973 television film adaptation of Tennessee Williams' "The Glass Menagerie"


 

Hepburn made her only appearance at the Academy awards in 1974, to present the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial award to Lawrence Weingarten add something


1975

True Grit (1969 film) - A film sequel, "Rooster Cogburn", was made in 1975, with Wayne reprising his role and Katharine Hepburn as an elderly spinster, Eula Goodnight, who teams up with him

 

Laurence Olivier - In 1975 he appeared as an aging British barrister, opposite Katharine Hepburn, in a British TV production of Love Among the Ruins.

 

Lady Rose McLaren - Rose gave up the business in 1975 and returned to Wales, to Old Bodnod - a house on the Aberconway estate which had been given to her husband by his father; this house was later let for a short period to American actress Katharine Hepburn, who was at the time filming nearby


1976

In 1976, Hepburn returned to Broadway for a three-month run of "A Matter of Gravity" add something

 

Tovah Feldshuh - In 1976 she had a supporting role in "Ryan's Hope", and later portrayed Katharine Hepburn in "The Amazing Howard Hughes" , but she came to international prominence as Helena Slomova in the 1978 mini-series "Holocaust"


1977

Feldshuh appeared as Hepburn in "The Amazing Howard Hughes", a 1977 television movie add something

 

Spider-Man in film - Lauren Bacall and Katharine Hepburn were considered for Aunt May 1977 , Peter Cushing as a sympathetic scientist, and Adolph Caesar as a police detective


1978

After three years away from the screen, Hepburn starred in the 1978 film "Olly Olly Oxen Free" add something


 

She won a Lifetime Achievement award from the Screen Actors Guild in 1979 and received the Kennedy Center Honors, which recognize a lifetime of accomplishments in the arts, in 1990 add something

 

The pair remained friends until his death in 1979 add something

 

Toyah Willcox - Also in 1979 Willcox appeared as Tallulah in Stephen Poliakoff's "American Days" at the ICA, playing alongside Mel Smith, Antony Sher and Phil Daniels and, the same year, opposite Katharine Hepburn in the made-for-television movie "The Corn is Green", directed by George Cukor


1980

By the 1980s Hepburn had developed a noticeable tremor, giving her a permanently shaking head add something


1981

Hepburn returned to the stage in 1981 add something

 

"On Golden Pond" was a success, the second-highest grossing film of 1981 add something

 

Ernest Thompson - It went on to become a hit 1981 film starring Katharine Hepburn and Henry Fonda


1984

In 1984, Hepburn starred in the dark comedy "Grace Quigley", the story of an elderly woman who enlists a hitman to kill her add something


 

Her public declarations of these beliefs led the American Humanist Association to award her the Humanist Arts award in 1985 add something

 

In 1985, she presented a television documentary about the life and career of Spencer Tracy add something


 

In 1986 she received a lifetime achievement award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America in recognition of the influence she played in women's fashion add something


1988

James Stewart - Smith Goes to Washington" in 1988, when he made an impassioned plea in Congressional hearings, along with colleagues Burt Lancaster, Katharine Hepburn, Ginger_Rogers, and film director Martin Scorsese, against Ted Turner's decision to 'colorize' classic black and white films, including It's a Wonderful Life.


1991

In 1991, Hepburn told a journalist, "I'm an atheist, and that's it add something


1992

She returned to television screens in 1992 for "The Man Upstairs", co-starring Ryan O'Neal, for which she received a Golden Globe nomination add something


1993

In her eighties she was still playing tennis regularly, as indicated in her 1993 documentary "All About Me" add something


1994

In 1994 she worked opposite Anthony Quinn in "This Can't Be Love", which was largely based on Hepburn's own life, with numerous references to her personality and career add something

 

She remained active into old age, making her final screen appearance in 1994 at the age of 87 add something

 

Henry Winkler - Also in 1994, he co-starred with Katharine Hepburn in the holiday TV movie "One Christmas

 

Annette Bening - In 1994, she played opposite acting legend Katharine Hepburn in Love Affair.


1996

In the winter of 1996 she was hospitalized with pneumonia add something


1997

By 1997 she had become very weak, was speaking and eating very little, and it was feared she would die add something

 

The Turtle Bay community in Manhattan, New York City, where she maintained a residence for over 60 years, dedicated a garden in her name in 1997 add something


2002

It was first performed in 2002 at the Hartford, Connecticut Stage add something


2003

After Hepburn's death in 2003, the intersection of East 49th Street and 2nd Avenue was renamed "Katharine Hepburn Place" add something

 

After a period of inactivity and ill-health, Hepburn died in 2003 at the age of 96 add something


Katharine Hepburn died in 2003 add something

 

In May 2003, an aggressive tumor was found in Hepburn's neck add something

 

The decision was made not to medically intervene, and she died on June 29, 2003, at the Hepburn family home in Fenwick, Connecticut add something

 

In honor of her extensive theatre work, the lights of Broadway were dimmed for the evening of July 1, 2003 add something


 

In Martin Scorsese's 2004 biopic of Howard Hughes, "The Aviator", Hepburn was portrayed by Cate Blanchett, who won the Academy award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance add something

 

In 2004, in accordance with Hepburn's wishes, her belongings were put up for auction with Sotheby's in New York add something


2005

Cate Blanchett - In 2005, she won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for playing Katharine Hepburn in Martin Scorsese's The Aviator.


2006

Blythe Danner - In 2006, Danner was *awarded an inaugural Katharine Hepburn Medal by Bryn Mawr College's Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center

 

John Ford - The longer revised version of Directed by John Ford shown on Turner Classic Movies in November, 2006 features directors Steven Spielberg, Clint Eastwood, and Martin Scorsese, who suggest that the string of classic films Ford directed during 1936 to 1941 was due in part to an intense six-month extra-marital affair with Katharine Hepburn, the star of Mary of Scotland, an Elizabethan costume drama.

 

Lauren Bacall - In September 2006, Bacall was awarded the first Katharine Hepburn Medal, which recognizes "women whose lives, work and contributions embody the intelligence, drive and independence of the four-time-Oscar-winning actress", by Bryn Mawr College's Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center.


2007

In 2007, William J. Mann released a biography of the actress in which he argued this was the case add something

 

Peter O'Toole - In an appearance on "The Daily Show with Jon Stewart" on 11 January 2007, O'Toole said that the actor he most enjoyed working with was Katharine Hepburn, his close friend; he played Henry II to her Eleanor of Aquitaine in "The Lion in Winter


2009

The Katharine Hepburn Cultural Arts Center was opened in 2009 in Old Saybrook, Connecticut, the location of the Hepburn family beach home which she loved and later owned add something


2010

Kent State University exhibited a selection of Hepburn's film and theatre costumes from October 2010 to September 2011 in "Katharine Hepburn: Dressed for Stage and Screen" add something


 

A professionally licensed production took place at the Stratford-upon-Avon Fringe Festival from Saturday 2nd June - 9th June 2012 starring Meg Lloyd as Katharine Hepburn, Directed by Christopher Wraysford and produced by Indefatigable Productions where it won awards for Best Solo Production and Best Female Actor and was nominated for Best Director add something

 

The same production is moving to The Old Joint Stock Theatre in Birmingham for performances on 14th & 15th September 2012 add something


2013

This production will be performed at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival in August 2013, directed by Christopher Wraysford, produced by Rebecca Phillips and starring Meg Lloyd add something

 

Patti Smith - Smith was honored by Bryn Mawr College by receiving the 2013 Katharine Hepburn Medal on February 7, 2013


2014

In 2014, two Hepburn biopics were announced to be in development add something

 

Spencer Tracy - In 2014, a film about Tracy's relationship with Katharine Hepburn was announced to be in development


2015

In 2015, the British Film Institute held a two-month retrospective of Hepburn's work add something

 

Sonia Sotomayor - In May 2015 she received the Katharine Hepburn medal from Bryn Mawr College


2019

A revised version of the play, eliminating the first act and expanding the second, premiered on June 28, 2019, at Boston's Huntington Theater with Faye Dunaway playing Hepburn add something