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Soviet Union
(Politics)
Francisco Franco
(Politics)
MI5
(Military)
Yuri Modin
(Politics)
Harold Macmillan
(Politics)
Associated Press
(Journalism)
 

See also

Kim Philby

Knowledge Identifier: +Kim_Philby

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Kim Philby

High-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union add

Category: Politics

Born in 1912.

Countries: United Kingdom (32%), Russia (13%), United States (10%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Soviet Union, Francisco Franco, MI5

Linked to: Soviet Union, Trinity College, Cambridge, Cambridge University Socialist Society, King's College, Cambridge

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Kim Philby.


Kim Philby was born in 1912 add something


1928

Following in the footsteps of his father, he continued to Westminster School, which he left in 1928 at the age of 16 add something


1931

Whilst at Cambridge, he was treasurer of the Cambridge University Socialist Society and canvassed for the Labour candidate for Cambridge in the 1931 election add something


1933

The World Federation was one of innumerable fronts operated by the German communist Willi M├╝nzenberg, a member of the Reichstag who had fled to France in 1933 add something

 

Philby and Litzi Friedmann married in February 1933, enabling her to escape to the United Kingdom with Philby two months later add something


1934

In February 1934, Philby married Alice Friedmann, an Austrian communist whom he had met in Vienna add something


1936

All were shot in Moscow between 1936 and 1938 on trumped-up charges of being either German or Polish spies add something

 

In 1936 he joined a trade magazine, the "Anglo-Russian Trade Gazette", as editor add something


1937

His controller in Paris, the Latvian Ozolin-Haskins , was shot in Moscow in 1937 add something

 

In February 1937, Philby travelled to Seville add something

 

His Soviet controller at the time, Theodore Maly, reported in April 1937 to the NKVD that he had personally briefed Philby on the need "to discover the system of guarding Franco and his entourage add something

 

Philby worked at first as a freelance journalist; from May 1937, he served as a correspondent for the "Times of London", reporting from the side of the pro-Franco forces add something

 

In December 1937, during the battle of Teruel, a Republican shell hit just in front of the car in which Philby was travelling with the correspondents Edward J. Neil of the Associated Press, Bradish Johnson of "Newsweek", and Ernest Sheepshanks of Reuters add something


1938

In 1938 Walter Krivitsky, a former GRU officer in Paris who had defected to France the previous year, travelled to the United States and published an account of his time in "Stalin's secret service add something

 

As a result of this accident, Philby, who was well-liked by the Nationalist forces whose victories he trumpeted, was awarded the Red Cross of Military Merit by Franco on 2 March 1938 add something


1939

In July 1939 Philby returned to the "Times" office in London add something

 

They travelled together in Spain through August 1939 add something

 

British Expeditionary Force - During the Phoney War from September 1939 until the Dunkirk evacuation, Philby worked as the Times correspondent with the British Expeditionary Force headquarters add something

 

The Statistical Research Centre War Office - Under Section IX was The Statistical Research Centre War Office , mobilised on September 1939 on the outbreak of war at War Station No X Bletchley Park, charged with breaking the German Enigma codes add something

 

He often asked, "Why was this necessary-" When Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, contact with his Soviet controllers was lost and Philby failed to attend meetings add something


1940

He testified before the Dies Committee regarding Soviet espionage within the United States, and in 1940 was interviewed by MI5 officers in London add something

 

In 1940 he began living with Aileen Furse in London add something

 

When the Germans threatened to overrun Paris in 1940, where she was living, he arranged her escape to England add something

 

His time there, however, was short-lived; the under-funded section was absorbed by the new Special Operations Executive in July 1940 add something

 

Philby was originally a Section D officer and is so noted in a letter of 24 September 1940 written by Lt. Col. Valentine Vivian, the head of Section V at that time add something

 

Secret Intelligence Service - In 1940, journalist and Soviet agent Kim Philby applied for a vacancy in Section D of SIS, and was vetted by his friend and fellow Soviet agent Guy Burgess


1941

Their first three children, Josephine, John, and Dudley Thomas, were born between 1941 and 1943 add something

 

By September 1941, Philby was working for Section V of MI6, responsible for offensive counter-intelligence add something


1943

In late summer 1943, the SIS provided the GRU with an official report of the activities of German agents in Bulgaria and Romania, soon to be invaded by the Red Army add something


1944

In late 1944, Philby was chosen to replace Cowgill as head of Section add something

 

Secret Intelligence Service - In early 1944 MI6 re-established Section IX, its prewar anti-Soviet section, and Kim Philby took a position there


1945

During the summer of 1945, a Soviet cipher clerk had reused a one time pad to transmit intelligence traffic add something

 

A more serious incident occurred in August 1945, when Konstantin Volkov, an NKVD agent and vice-consul in Istanbul, requested political asylum in Britain for himself and his wife add something


1946

Philby was an Officer of the Order of the British Empire from 1946 to 1965 add something

 

They remained friends and divorced only in 1946 add something

 

In 1946, Philby finally arranged a formal divorce from Litzi; he and Aileen were married on 25 September 1946, while Aileen was pregnant with their fourth child, Miranda add something


1947

From 1947, they infliltrated the southern mountains to build support for former King Zog add something

 

In February 1947, Philby was appointed head of British intelligence for Turkey, and posted to Istanbul with his second wife, Aileen, and their family add something


1948

In 1948, troubled by the heavy drinking and frequent depressions that had become a feature of her husband's life in Istanbul, she experienced a breakdown of this nature, staging an accident and injecting herself with urine and insulin to cause skin disfigurations add something

 

Upon her return to Istanbul in late 1948, she was badly burned in an incident with a charcoal stove, and returned to Switzerland add something


1949

Philby had been briefed on the situation shortly before reaching Washington in 1949; it was clear to Philby that the agent was Donald Maclean, who worked in the British Embassy at the time and whose wife, Melinda, lived in New York add something

 

In September 1949, the Philbys arrived in the United States add something


1950

Their fifth child, Harry George, was born in 1950 add something

 

In January 1950, on evidence provided by the Venona intercepts, Soviet atomic spy Klaus Fuchs was arrested add something

 

From April 1950, Donald Maclean had been the prime suspect in the investigation into the Embassy leak add something


1951

Larger numbers were landed by sea and air under Operation Valuable, which continued until 1951, increasingly under the influence of the newly formed CIA. Stewart Menzies, head of SIS, disliked the idea, which was promoted by former SOE men now in SIS. Most infiltrators were caught by the Sigurimi, the Albanian Security Service add something

 

The SIS planned to interrogate Maclean on 28 May 1951 add something

 

In July 1951, he resigned from MI6, preempting his all-but-inevitable dismissal add something


1955

In October 1955 Philby was officially cleared by Foreign Secretary Harold Macmillan, who told the House of Commons, "I have no reason to conclude that Mr. Philby has at any time betrayed the interests of his country, or to identify him with the so-called 'Third Man', if indeed there was one add something


1956

In 1956 Philby began an affair with Eleanor Brewer, the wife of "New York Times" correspondent Sam Pope Brewer add something

 

In August 1956 he was sent to Beirut as a Middle East correspondent for "The Observer" and "The Economist" add something


1957

Following Aileen Philby's death in England in 1957, and Eleanor's subsequent divorce from Brewer, Philby and Eleanor were married in London in 1959, and set up house together in Beirut add something

 

Weakened by alcoholism and frequent sickness, she died of influenza in December 1957 add something


1959

Following Eleanor's divorce, the two married in January 1959 add something


1960

Philby drank heavily and suffered from loneliness and depression; according to Rufina, he had attempted suicide by slashing his wrists in the 1960s add something

 

Seale and McConnville, 243 From 1960, Philby's formerly marginal work as a journalist became more substantial, and he frequently travelled throughout the Middle East, including Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, and Yemen add something


1961

In 1961, Anatoliy Golitsyn, a major in the First Chief Directorate of the KGB, defected to the United States from his diplomatic post in Helsinki add something


1962

Boyle, 435 When Nicholas Elliott met Philby in late 1962, the first time since Golitsyn's defection, he found Philby too drunk to stand, and with a bandaged head; he had fallen repeatedly and cracked his skull on a bathroom radiator, requiring stitches add something

 

Eleanor noted that as 1962 wore on, expressions of tension in his life "became worse and were reflected in bouts of deep depression and drinking add something


1963

After Philby defected to the Soviet Union in 1963, Eleanor visited him in Moscow; in November 1964, following a visit to America, she returned, intending to settle permanently add something

 

In 1963, Philby was revealed to be a member of the spy ring now known as the Cambridge Five, the other members of which were Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt, and another uncertain individual add something

 

On the evening of 23 January 1963, Philby vanished from Beirut, failing to meet his wife for a dinner party at the home of Glen Balfour-Paul, First Secretary at the British Embassy add something

 

It was not until 1 July 1963 that Philby's flight to Moscow was officially confirmed add something

 

Elizabeth Bentley - Unfortunately, the head of the British Secret Intelligence Service's new Section IX , was the Soviet double agent Kim Philby, who would flee to the Soviet Union in 1963


1965

He and Eleanor divorced, and she departed Moscow in May 1965 add something


1968

Melinda left Maclean, and briefly lived with Philby in Moscow; in 1968 she returned to Maclean add something

 

Philby occupied himself by writing his memoirs, published in England in 1968 under the title "My Silent War"; it was not published in the Soviet Union until 1980 add something


1971

In 1971 Philby married Rufina Ivanova Pukhova, a Russo-Polish woman twenty years his junior, with whom he lived until his death in 1988 add something


1987

Peter Wright, former senior MI5 officer, said in his 1987 book that Litzi Friedmann was "almost certainly the person who recruited him to the Soviet cause add something


1988

Philby died of heart failure in Moscow in 1988 add something


Kim Philby died in 1988 add something

 

Though Philby claimed publicly in January 1988 that he did not regret his decisions, and that he missed nothing about England except some friends, Colman's mustard, and Lea & Perrins Worcestershire sauce, his KGB-appointed wife Rufina later described Philby as "disappointed in many ways" by what he found in Moscow add something


1990

Morris Riley "Philby: The Hidden Years", 1990, Penzance: United Writers' Publications add something


1994

Yuri Modin - Modin said of Kim Philby in 1994 that

 

Yuri Modin - Modin said of Kim Philby in February 1994:


2003

Anna-Louise Plowman - In 2003 she played Melinda Maclean, wife of British communist spy Donald Duart Maclean, and mistress of spy Kim Philby , in the TV mini-series "Cambridge Spies"


2006

Billy Crudup - In 2006's "The Good Shepherd," he played British spy Arch Cummings, a stand-in for Kim Philby


2007

The book was adapted for the 2007 TNT television three-part series "The Company", produced by Ridley Scott, Tony Scott, and John Calley; Philby is portrayed by Tom Hollander add something


2008

Translated in French by Thierry Le Breton, Au coeur de l'action clandestine des commandos au MI6, L'Esprit du Livre Editions, France, 2008 add something


2014

Journalist Ben Macintyre, author of several works on espionage, wrote in his 2014 book on Philby that MI6 may have left open the opportunity for Philby to flee to Moscow to avoid an embarrassing public trial add something