Israeli Labor Party
Ehud Barak
Avraham Burg
Meir Kahane
Reuven Rivlin

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &Knesset



Unicameral legislature of Israel, located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1945.

Countries: Israel (82%), (5%), United States (3%)

Main connections: Likud, Israeli Labor Party, Kadima

Linked to: Israeli Labor Party, Knesset Guard, Supreme Court of Israel, Likud




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Thus the Knesset elected by Israel's first election in 1949 is known as the "'First Knesset"' add something


Yosef Burg - Alongside three other religious parties, Hapoel HaMizrachi ran on a joint list called the United Religious Front for the first Knesset elections in 1949


Yisrael Galili - He served in the first Knesset from 1949 to 1951, and again from 1955 until 1977, first on behalf of the Mapam party, before being part of the split that formed Ahdut HaAvoda and later merged into the Alignment


Moshe Sharett - He was first elected to the Knesset in 1949, and served as Israel's first Minister of Foreign Affairs


Golda Meir - In 1949, Meir was elected to the Knesset as a member of Mapai and served continuously until 1974


Uri Zvi Grinberg - In 1949, he was elected to the first Knesset


Yosef Burg - In 1949, he was elected to the first Knesset, and served in many ministerial positions for the next 40 years


The Knesset first convened on February 14, 1949, following the 20 January elections, replacing the Provisional State Council which acted as Israel's official legislature from its date of independence on May 14, 1948 and succeeding the Assembly of Representatives that had functioned as the Jewish community's representative body during the Mandate era add something


The Knesset has de jure parliamentary supremacy, and can pass any law by a simple majority, even one that might arguably conflict with the Basic Laws of Israel, unless the Basic Law includes specific conditions for its modification; in accordance with a plan adopted in 1950, the Basic Laws can be adopted and amended by the Knesset, acting in its capacity as a Constituent Assembly add something


Levi Eshkol - Eshkol was elected to the Knesset in 1951 as a member of Mapai party


Emile Habibi - He served in the Knesset between 1951 and 1959, and again from 1961 until 1972, first as a member of Maki, before breaking away from the party with Tawfik Toubi to found Rakah


Adolf Berman - He was elected to the Knesset on the party's list in 1951 elections, but on 20 February 1952 left the party and formed the Left Faction together with Rostam Bastuni and Moshe Sneh


Yitzhak Shamir - After the establishment of the State of Israel he served in the Mossad between 1955-65, a Knesset Member, a Knesset Speaker and a Foreign Affairs Minister


Adolf Berman - He lost his Knesset seat in the 1955 elections


Yitzhak Yitzhaky (politician born 1902) - He was elected to the Knesset on the Mapam list in the July 1955 elections, but died later that year


Golda Meir - On October 29, 1957, she was slightly injured in the foot when a Mills bomb was thrown into the debating chamber of the Knesset


Shimon Peres - Peres was first elected to the Knesset in the 1959 elections, as a member of the Mapai party.


Abie Nathan - Nathan led a party called "Nes" in the 1965 Knesset elections, but failed to cross the electoral threshold


Tzvi Tzur - Under pressure from Moshe Dayan to enter the political fray, in the 1965 elections he was elected to the Knesset on the Rafi list, David Ben-Gurion's party


Over the years, significant additions to the structure were constructed, however, these were built at levels below and behind the main 1966 structure as not to detract from the original assembly building's appearance add something


The main building was financed by James A. de Rothschild as a gift to the State of Israel in his will and was completed in 1966 add something


Joshua Prawer - The plan was approved by the Knesset and government, which allocated substantial resources to it, and the program began to be implemented in the summer of 1968


Yitzhak Shamir - In 1969, Shamir joined the Herut party headed by Menachem Begin and was first elected to the Knesset in 1973 as a member of the Likud


Yitzhak Rabin - Yom Kippur War - During the 1973 Yom Kippur War he served in no official capacity and in the elections held at the end of 1973 he was elected to the Knesset as a member of the Alignment


Amal Nasser el-Din - He was on the Likud list for the 1973 Knesset elections, but failed to win a seat


Meir Kahane - In 1973, the party ran for the Knesset during the general elections under the name "The League List"


Ehud Olmert - Olmert was first elected to the Knesset in 1973 at the age of 28, and was re-elected seven consecutive times


Uri Zvi Grinberg - In 1976, the Knesset held a special session in honor of his eightieth birthday


Yitzhak Shamir - He became Speaker of the Knesset in 1977, and foreign minister in 1980, before succeeding Begin as prime minister in 1983 when the latter retired


Moshe Katsav - He was subsequently elected as a Member of the Knesset in 1977


Yitzhak Shamir - In 1977 he presided at the Knesset visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat


Moshe Amar - In 1977 he was elected to the Knesset on the Alignment list , but lost his seat in the 1981 elections


Meir Zorea - Zorea was elected to the Knesset in the 1977 elections in which Dash won 15 seats , and the party joined Menachem Begin's coalition government


Amal Nasser el-Din - However, he entered the Knesset on 21 January 1977 as a replacement for Akiva Nof, who had resigned after leaving Likud. el-Din was re-elected in the May 1977 elections, and again in 1981 and 1984, before losing his seat in the 1988 elections


Menachem Begin - On 17 May 1977 the Likud, headed by Begin, won the Knesset elections by a landslide, becoming the biggest party in the Knesset


Meir Zorea - However, the party began to disintegrate and Zorea resigned from the Knesset in 1978, less than a year after entering it


Ehud Olmert - Already a member of the Knesset, he decided to go through an officer's course in 1980 at the age of 35


Simcha Dinitz - During the 1980s he was elected to the Knesset


Mordechai Gur - In 1981 he was elected to the Knesset as a member of the Alignment


Meir Kahane - In 1981, Kahane's Kach party again ran for the Knesset during the 1981 elections, but did not win a seat, receiving only 5,128 votes


Meir Kahane - In 1984 he became a member of the Knesset when "Kach" gained one seat in parliamentary elections


Simcha Dinitz - In the 1984 elections he was elected to the Knesset on the Alignment's list and served as a member of its Committee for Foreign and Defense Affairs


Meir Kahane - In the 1984 legislative elections, Kahane's Kach party received 25,907 votes, enough to give the party one seat in the Knesset, which was taken by Kahane


Mordechai Gur - Re-elected in 1984, he served as Minister of Health and was a member of the Knesset's Security and Foreign Affairs Committee


Yitzhak Rabin - Until 1984 Rabin was a member of Knesset and sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee


Helmut Kohl - On 24 January 1984, Kohl spoke before the Israeli Knesset, as the first Chancellor of the post-war generation


Meir Kahane - In 1985, the Knesset passed an amendment to Israel's Basic Law, barring "racist" candidates from election


Reuven Rivlin - He was first elected to the 12th Knesset in 1988, and served as Likud chairman from 1988 to 1993


Simcha Dinitz - However, he resigned from the Knesset shortly before the 1988 elections


Mahmoud Darwish - In 1988, one of his poems, "Passers Between the Passing Words", was cited in the Knesset by Yitzhak Shamir


Avigdor Lieberman - Kach was barred from participating in the election in 1988 under the revised Knesset Elections Law banning parties that incited racism and was declared a terrorist organization in 1994


Meir Kahane - The Supreme Court suggested that the Knesset pass a law that would authorize the exclusion of racist parties from future elections, and the Anti-Racist Law of 1988 was later passed


Shimon Peres - From 1990, Peres led the opposition in the Knesset, until, in early 1992, he was defeated in the first primary elections of the new Israeli Labor Party by Yitzhak Rabin, whom he had replaced fifteen years earlier.


Yitzhak Rabin - In 1990 to 1992, Rabin again served as a Knesset member and sat on the Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee


Zvi Hendel - In the early 1990s, Hendel was elected to the head of the Hof Aza Regional Council, and was first elected to the 14th Knesset in 1996 as a National Religious Party representative


Tamar Gozansky - She entered the Knesset in July 1990 as a replacement for veteran Hadash MK Tawfik Toubi and retained her seat in the 1992 elections, after which she chaired the Knesset's joint committee on early childhood


Taleb el-Sana - El-Sana was first elected to the 13th Knesset in 1992 on behalf of the Arab Democratic Party


Ehud Olmert - Following Likud's defeat in the 1992 election, instead of remaining a Knesset member in the opposition, he successfully ran for mayor of Jerusalem in November 1993


Reuven Rivlin - He lost his seat in the 1992 elections, but returned to the Knesset following the 1996 elections


Yael Dayan - In 1992, Dayan was elected to the Knesset on the Labor Party list and served as chairwoman of the Committee on the Status of Women


Yael Dayan - She served as a member of the Knesset between 1992 and 2003, and is currently the chair of Tel Aviv city council


Aharon Barak - Since 1992, much of his judicial work was focused on advancing and shaping Israel's Constitutional Revolution , which he believed was brought about by the adoption of Basic Laws in the Israeli Knesset dealing with human rights


Yosef Burg - The party was a member of all governments until 1992, and as a key party member, Burg maintained a ministerial position in every Knesset until his resignation from the Knesset in 1986, holding the positions of Minister of Welfare, Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister without Portfolio and Minister of Religious Affairs


Limor Livnat - She first entered the Knesset on 14 April 1992, shortly before the 1992 elections, as a replacement for Haim Corfu


Yitzhak Shamir - He stepped down from the Likud leadership in March 1993, but remained a member of the Knesset until the 1996 election


In 1996, then-Justice Minister Yossi Beilin backed the ultimately unsuccessful institution of the so-called "Norwegian law", which would require appointed members of the cabinet to resign their seats in the Knesset and allow other members of their parties to take their positions while they serve in the cabinet; this would have resulted in more active members of the legislature being present in regular sessions and committee meetings add something


Yitzhak Mordechai - He served as a member of the Knesset between 1996 and 2001, and as Minister of Defense and Minister of Transport


Ehud Barak - He was elected to the Knesset on the Labor Party list in 1996, and served as a member of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee


Ophir Pines-Paz - Pines-Paz was first elected to the Knesset in 1996


Angelica Rozeanu - In 1997 she was awarded the Knesset Medal


Yitzhak Rabin - After Rabin's assassination, his daughter Dalia Rabin-Pelossof entered into politics and was elected to the Knesset in 1999 as part of the Centre Party


Colette Avital - In 1999 Avital decided to run for the Knesset on behalf of the Labor Party, which formed the One Israel alliance together with Gesher and Meimad


Reuven Rivlin - Re-elected in 1999, he was appointed Minister of Communications in March 2001, serving until February 2003, when he was elected Knesset Speaker following the 2003 elections


Colette Avital - She served as a member of the Knesset for the Labor Party and One Israel between 1999 and 2009


Avigdor Lieberman - The party ran for the Knesset during the 1999 legislative election, and ran on a joint list with Aliyah, a party formed by Michael Nudelman and Yuri Stern, who had broke away from Yisrael BaAliyah


Colette Avital - However, she entered the Knesset in November 1999 when Labor MK Matan Vilnai resigned


Johannes Rau - In 2000, Rau was the first German head of state since the Holocaust to address the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, in German


Moshe Katsav - In a surprising upset, he defeated Peres to become the president of Israel, being elected by the Knesset on 31 July 2000


Omri Sharon - Elected to the Knesset in 2003, Omri Sharon closely supported his father's positions on many issues, stepping out in his own direction on only one issue - the environment in Israel - in this arena it appeared that the father supported the son


Ehud Olmert - In 2003 Olmert was re-elected to the Knesset , and became a cabinet minister and acting prime minister in the government of Prime Minister Ariel Sharon


Meir Kahane - In the 2003 Knesset elections Herut, which split off from the National Union list, ran with Michael Kleiner and former Kach activist Baruch Marzel taking the top two spots on the list


Tom DeLay - On a 2003 trip to Israel, DeLay toured the nation and addressed members of the Knesset


Tamar Gozansky - Prior to the 2003 election, Gozansky announced that she would not seek re-election, which required a special majority of the party for its veteran representatives in the Knesset


Omri Sharon - Sharon served as a member of Knesset between 2003 and 2006


Ehud Olmert - Olmert was elected as a member of the sixteenth Knesset in January 2003


Avigdor Lieberman - In February 2003, Lieberman was appointed Minister of Transport, and chose to resign from the Knesset to take a seat in the Cabinet


Gila Gamliel - About the same time, in June 2003, she and three other Knesset members of Likud were actually banned from the Likud faction for three months because they had been voting against an encroaching plan of Likud in matters of economy


Shlomo Amar - In January 2004, following the recommendations of the Knesset and the Chief Rabbis, Ariel Sharon announced a plan to bring all of the Falash Mura to Israel by the end of 2007


Raoul Wallenberg - Louise von Dardel's February 2005 talks in the Knesset and the Jerusalem Begin Center and her interviews at the time to Israel TV English news, "Jerusalem Post", "VESTY" and "Makor Rishon"


Gila Gamliel - During her first term in the Knesset she chaired the committee on the Status of Women, and in March 2005 was appointed Deputy Minister of Agriculture


Liran Strauber - He married former Likud member of the Knesset, Inbal Gavrieli, in 2006


Ehud Barak - He declared, however, that he would not run for a spot on the Labor party's Knesset list for the March 2006 elections


Shimon Peres - On 13 June 2007, Peres was elected President of the State of Israel by the Knesset.


Tal Brody - Brody announced in August 2007 that he was seriously considering running for the Knesset in the general election, as a Likud candidate


Avigdor Lieberman - In 2008, while on the Knesset speaker's podium during its memorial for Rehavam Ze'evi, Lieberman raised the issue and said, "Mubarak never agreed to come here as president


Avigdor Lieberman - In remarks in the Knesset in March 2008, shortly after the 6 March attack at Jerusalem 's Mercaz HaRav yeshiva, Lieberman commented that "yesterday's attack can not be disconnected from the Arab MKs incitement, which we hear daily in the Knesset


Joe Biden - In May 2008, Biden sharply criticized President George W. Bush for his speech to Israel's Knesset in which he suggested that some Democrats were acting in the same way some Western leaders did when they appeased Hitler in the runup to World War II. Biden stated: "This is bullshit.


Richard Engel - In mid-May 2008, Engel interviewed U.S. President George W. Bush, largely about his recent speech to the Israeli Knesset


Tzipi Hotovely - On 11 November 2008, she announced that she was joining Likud, and would compete in the party's primaries for the 18th Knesset


Meir Kahane - A self-declared follower of Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years, Michael Ben-Ari, was elected to the Knesset in the 2009 elections on renewed National Union list


Ophir Pines-Paz - He came second in the party's primary elections prior to the 2009 Knesset elections, and took third place on the party list


Gila Gamliel - In 2009 Assulin tried in vain to obtain a seat for Likud in the 18th Knesset


Ehud Barak - Labor won only 13 out of the 120 Knesset seats in the 2009 elections, making them the fourth largest party


Orit Zuaretz - Prior to the 2009 elections she was placed twenty-eighth on the Kadima list, and entered the Knesset when the party won 28 seats


Gila Gamliel - Prior to the 2009 elections she won nineteenth place on the party's list, and returned to the Knesset as Likud won 27 seats


Tzipi Hotovely - She made the 18th slot on the party's list for the 2009 elections, and became a member of the Knesset


The current Knesset, elected in 2013, is the Nineteenth Knesset add something


A poll conducted by the Israeli Democracy Institute in April and May 2014 showed that while a majority of both Jews and Arabs in Israel are proud to be citizens of the country, both groups share a distrust of Israel's government, including the Knesset add something


The current Knesset, elected in 2015, is the Twentieth Knesset add something


The current Knesset, elected in 2019, is the Twenty-first Knesset add something


The Knesset was temporarily dissolved on 30 May 2019 add something