Korean War

Knowledge Identifier: !Korean_War

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Korean War

War between the Republic of Korea , supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea , at one time supported by China and the Soviet Union add

Category: Military

Activity starting in 1950.

Countries: United States (50%), (9%), United Kingdom (5%)

Main connections: World War II, United States Army, United Nations

Linked to: Battle of Inchon, United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, BBC, Imperial Japanese Army

 

Timeline


 

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1950

By early 1950, Syngman Rhee had about 30,000 alleged communists in jails and about 300,000 suspected sympathisers enrolled in the Bodo League re-education movement add something

 

In 1950, Secretary of Defence George C. Marshall and Secretary of the Navy Francis P. Matthews called on the USO which was disbanded by 1947 to provide support for U.S servicepersons add something

 

In 1950, the Soviet Union boycotted the United Nations Security Council add something

 

With Lieutenant-General Matthew Ridgway assuming the command of the U.S. Eighth Army on 26 December, the PVA and the KPA launched their "'Third Phase Offensive"' on New Year's Eve of 1950 add something

 

The Soviet Union, a veto-wielding power, had boycotted the Council meetings since January 1950, protesting that the Republic of China , not the People's Republic of China, held a permanent seat in the UN Security Council add something

 

In April 1950, Stalin gave Kim permission to invade the South under the condition that Mao would agree to send reinforcements if they became needed add something

 

Arthur Dewey Struble - Korean War - In May 1950 he took command of the Seventh Fleet, leading that force through the difficult first year of the Korean War, including the landings at Inchon and Wonsan

 

Charles J. Loring, Jr. - Korean War - By the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, Loring was attached to Air University and was not immediately sent to Korea for combat duty

 

Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr. - Korean War - With the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, the 24th Infantry Division was the closest unit to the Korean Peninsula, and so Red Cloud's company was among the first units into the country

 

On Saturday, 24 June 1950, U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson informed President Truman by telephone, "Mr. President, I have very serious news add something

 

During Truman's first meeting to discuss the war on 25 June 1950, he ordered plans be prepared for attacking Soviet forces if they entered the war add something

 

On 25 June 1950, the United Nations Security Council unanimously condemned the North Korean invasion of the Republic of Korea, with United Nations_Security_Council Resolution 82 add something

 

The Korean People's Army crossed the 38th parallel behind artillery fire at dawn on Sunday 25 June 1950 add something

 

The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950 add something

 

William F. Dean - Korean War - At the outbreak of the Korean War on June 25, 1950, Dean's division was the closest US ground unit to the Korean Peninsula

 

Joseph C. McConnell - Korean War - The Korean War began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea

 

After debating the matter, the Security Council, on 27 June 1950, published Resolution 83 recommending member states provide military assistance to the Republic of Korea add something

 

On 27 June 1950, two days after the KPA invaded and three months before the Chinese entered the war, President Truman dispatched the United States Seventh Fleet to the Taiwan Strait, to prevent hostilities between the Nationalist Republic of China and the People's Republic of China add something

 

Richard De Wert - Korean War - In July 1950, he joined the Fleet Marine Force and soon sailed for the Far East to take part in the Korean War

 

Stanley T. Adams - Korean War - In July 1950, shortly after the onset of the Korean War, he was sent to South Korea as a sergeant first class with Company A of the 19th Infantry Regiment, 24th Division

 

Samuel S. Coursen - The regiment was transferred to Korea in July 1950, weeks after the North Korean invasion that prompted the Korean War.

 

A skirmish between North Korea and the UN Command occurred on 2 July 1950; the US Navy cruiser U.S."Juneau", the Royal Navy cruiser HMS "Jamaica", and the frigate HMS "Black Swan" fought four North Korean torpedo boats and two mortar gunboats, and sank them add something

 

On 5 July 1950, Task Force Smith attacked the North Koreans at Osan but without weapons capable of destroying the North Koreans' tanks add something

 

James I. Poynter - At the beginning of the Korean War, he re-enlisted in the Marine Corps, joining the 13th Infantry Battalion, Marine Corps Reserve in Los Angeles on July 19, 1950

 

Everett P. Pope - Korean War - There he became affiliated with the Marine Corps Reserve and commanded the 2nd Infantry Battalion, USMCR, Hingham, Massachusetts, until August 1950, when he was called to active duty with his battalion upon the outbreak of the Korean War

 

Hugh W. Hardy - Korean War - With the onset of the Korean War, Hardy was called to active duty in August 1950 with Company B, 14th Infantry Battalion, USMCR in Galveston, Texas

 

On 4 August 1950, with the PRC invasion of Taiwan aborted, Mao Zedong reported to the Politburo that he would intervene in Korea when the People's Liberation Army's Taiwan invasion force was reorganized into the PLA North East Frontier Force add something

 

Wesley L. Fox - Korean War - He enlisted in the Marine Corps shortly before his 19th birthday, on August 4, 1950 during the Korean War

 

The first major U.S. strategic bombing campaign against North Korea, begun in late July 1950, was conceived much along the lines of the major offensives of World War II. On 12 August 1950, the U.S. Air Force dropped 625 tons of bombs on North Korea; two weeks later, the daily tonnage increased to some 800 tons add something

 

On 20 August 1950, Premier Zhou Enlai informed the UN that "Korea is China's neighbor add something

 

In early September 1950, ROK Army and UN Command forces outnumbered the KPA 180,000 to 100,000 soldiers add something

 

When the North Koreans retreated north in September 1950, they abducted tens of thousands of South Korean men add something

 

Raymond Harvey - Korean War - He was serving with the 7th Infantry Division in 1950 when the Korean War began, and landed with the division at Inchon, Korea in September 1950

 

William H. Tunner - Korean War - The outbreak of the Korean War took him to Tokyo, Japan, to command a new airlift organization in the Far East Air Forces, Combat Cargo Command on September 10, 1950

 

Chesty Puller - Korean War - At the outbreak of the Korean War, Puller was once again assigned as commander of the 1st Marine Regiment, with which he made a landing at Inchon on September 15, 1950 and was awarded the Silver Star Medal

 

The Chinese intervention in late October 1950 bolstered the Korean People's Air Force of North Korea with the MiG-15 Fagot, one of the world's most advanced jet fighters add something

 

Mao Zedong - In October 1950, Mao made the decision to send the People's Volunteer Army into Korea and fought against the United Nations forces led by the U.S. Historical records showed that Mao directed the PVA campaigns in the Korean War to the minute details.

 

Thomas J. Hudner, Jr. - Initially uninterested in aviation, he eventually took up flying and joined Fighter Squadron 32, flying the F4U Corsair at the outbreak of the Korean War. Arriving near Korea in October 1950, he flew support missions from the

 

By 1 October 1950, the UN Command repelled the KPA northwards past the 38th parallel; the ROK Army crossed after them, into North Korea add something

 

On 8 October 1950, Mao Zedong redesignated the PLA North East Frontier Force as the Chinese People's Volunteer Army add something

 

Meanwhile, on 10 October 1950, the 89th Tank Battalion was attached to the 1st Cavalry Division, increasing the armor available for the Northern Offensive add something

 

On 15 October 1950, President Truman and General MacArthur met at Wake Island in the mid-Pacific Ocean add something

 

Immediately on his return to Beijing on 18 October 1950, Zhou met with Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang, and the group ordered two hundred thousand Chinese troops to enter North Korea, which they did on 25 October add something

 

Two days later, the 1st Cavalry Division captured Pyongyang, the North's capital city, on 19 October 1950 add something

 

The 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team made their first of two combat jumps during the Korean War on 20 October 1950 at Sunchon and Sukchon add something

 

Charles B. Rangel - A 2nd Infantry Division unit near Rangel's, fighting a rear-guard action in the Battle of Kunu-ri, in November 1950, during the Korean War.In late November 1950, after the Chinese intervention into the war, this unit was caught up in heavy fighting in North Korea as part of the U.N. forces retreat from the Yalu River.

 

Erich Raeder - In an interview in November 1950, Admiral Hanson claimed that American and other United Nations commanders fighting in the Korean War would have been convicted of aggression if the same standards that were applied to Raeder applied to them

 

On 5 November 1950, the Joint Chiefs of Staff issued orders for the retaliatory atomic bombing of Manchurian PRC military bases, if either their armies crossed into Korea or if PRC or KPA bombers attacked Korea from there add something

 

Frank N. Mitchell - Korean War - During the Korean War, First Lieutenant Mitchell was a member of Company A, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines when he displayed extraordinary heroism in waging a single-handed battle against the enemy on November 26, 1950, near Hansan-ni, to cover the withdrawal of wounded Marines, despite multiple wounds to himself

 

In December 1950, National Defense Corps was founded; the soldiers were 406,000 drafted citizens add something

 

The USAF moved quickly to counter the MiG-15 with three squadrons of its most capable fighter, the F-86 Sabre, arriving in December 1950 add something

 

Truman and his senior advisors agreed, and never seriously considered using them in early December 1950 despite the poor military situation in Korea add something

 

After his statement caused concern in Europe, Truman met on 4 December 1950 with UK prime minister and Commonwealth spokesman Clement Attlee, French Premier René Pleven, and Foreign Minister Robert Schuman to discuss their worries about atomic warfare and its likely continental expansion add something

 

Thomas J. Hudner, Jr. - Korean War - He was the first service member to be awarded the medal during the Korean War, though several others would be awarded the medal for actions which occurred before 4 December 1950

 

On 6 December 1950, after the Chinese intervention repelled the UN Command armies from northern North Korea, General J. Lawton Collins , General MacArthur, Admiral C. Turner Joy, General George E. Stratemeyer, and staff officers Major General Doyle Hickey, Major General Charles A. Willoughby, and Major General Edwin K. Wright met in Tokyo to plan strategy countering the Chinese intervention; they considered three potential atomic warfare scenarios encompassinging the next weeks and months of warfare add something

 

U.N. morale hit rock bottom when commanding General Walton Walker of the U.S. Eighth Army was killed on 23 December 1950 in an automobile accident add something


1951

By early 1951, the battle lines were established and changed little until 1953 add something

 

However, when ceasefire negotiations began in 1951, the Communists reported that they held only 8,000 South Koreans add something

 

In 1951, the US escalated closest to atomic warfare in Korea add something

 

In summer and autumn 1951, the outnumbered Sabres of the USAF's 4th Fighter Interceptor Wing only 44 at one point continued seeking battle in MiG Alley, where the Yalu River marks the Chinese border, against Chinese and North Korean air forces capable of deploying some 500 aircraft add something

 

In the winter of 1951, 50,000 to 90,000 South Korean National Defense Corps soldiers starved to death while marching southward under the Chinese offensive when their commanding officers embezzled funds earmarked for their food add something

 

The 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team's second of two combat jumps was on Easter Sunday, 1951, at Munsan-ni, South Korea, codenamed Operation Tomahawk add something

 

John Foster Dulles - Korean War - Treaty of Peace with Japan - As Secretary of State, Dulles still carried out the containment policy of neutralizing the Taiwan Strait during the Korean War, which had been established by President Truman in the Treaty of Peace with Japan of 1951

 

Ronald E. Rosser - Korean War - After one of his brothers was killed in the early stages of the Korean War, he re-enlisted from Crooksville, Ohio, in 1951 as a way of getting revenge

 

Arlen Specter - Korean War - During the Korean War, he served stateside in the United States Air Force from 1951 to 1953 and obtained the rank of Second Lieutenant within the Air Force Office of Special Investigations

 

Bill Graham (promoter) - Korean War - Graham was drafted into the United States Army in 1951, and served in the Korean War, where he was *awarded both the Bronze Star and Purple Heart

 

Gilbert Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - Korean War - He returned to his regiment to command "A" squadron in the Korean War from 1951 to 1952, and became second in command

 

Michael Shaara - Korean War - He was born to Italian immigrant parents in Jersey City, New Jersey, graduated from Rutgers University in 1951, and served as a sergeant in the 82nd Airborne division prior to the Korean War

 

Paul D. Stroop - Korean War - In 1951, Stroop became Commanding Officer of the carrier in the Sea of Japan during the Korean War

 

Albert Coady Wedemeyer - Korean War - In 1951, after the outbreak of the Korean War, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy said that Wedemeyer had prepared a wise plan that would keep China a valued ally, but that it had been sabotaged; "only in treason can we find why evil genius thwarted and frustrated it

 

John Chafee - Korean War - In 1951, he was recalled to active service to be a Marine rifle company commander during the Korean War with Dog Company, 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines

 

Jay Sebring - After graduating from Southfield, Michigan High School in 1951, Sebring joined the Navy for four years, and during this time served in the Korean War

 

Bob Peak - After serving the military during the Korean War, Peak transferred to the Art Center College of Design in Los Angeles , California, graduating in 1951

 

Frank Leahy - Aided by freshman eligibility brought on by the Korean War, Notre Dame finished 7–2–1 in 1951 and 1952 while the 1953 squad, Leahy's last, posted a 9–0–1 docket

 

Michael Caine - Caine was called up for national service in the British Army in 1951 when he was aged 18 and was deployed to South Korea to help in the aftermath of the North Korean invasion.

 

Paul Simon (politician) - In 1951, Simon left his newspaper and enlisted in the United States Army, during the Korean War

 

Philip Roth - Set in 1951, during the Korean War, it follows Marcus Messner's departure from Newark to Ohio's Winesburg College, where he begins his sophomore year.

 

Clement Attlee - The party split in 1951 over the austerity budget brought in by Hugh Gaitskell to pay for the cost of Britain's participation in the Korean War

 

The Chinese New Year's Offensive overwhelmed UN forces, allowing the PVA and KPA to conquer Seoul for the second time on 4 January 1951 add something

 

In the last two weeks of February 1951, "Operation Roundup" was followed by "Operation Killer", carried out by the revitalized Eighth Army add something

 

Stalin did not agree to send either military equipment or air support until March 1951 add something

 

On 1 March 1951 Mao sent a cable to Stalin, in which he emphasized the difficulties faced by Chinese forces and the urgent need for air cover, especially over supply lines add something

 

On 7 March 1951, the Eighth Army attacked with "Operation Ripper", expelling the PVA and the KPA from Seoul on 14 March 1951 add something

 

After MacArthur was removed as Supreme Commander in Korea in April 1951, his successors continued this policy and eventually extended it to all of North Korea add something

 

The Chinese counterattacked in April 1951, with the "'Fifth Phase Offensive"' with three field armies add something

 

Harold Wilson - Korean War - Wilson was becoming known as a left-winger and joined Aneurin Bevan and John Freeman in resigning from the government in April 1951 in protest at the introduction of National Health Service medical charges to meet the financial demands imposed by the Korean War

 

On 11 April 1951, Commander-in-Chief Truman relieved the controversial General MacArthur, the Supreme Commander in Korea add something

 

Tyrone Power - Korean War - He was promoted to Captain in the reserves on May 8, 1951 but was not recalled for service in the Korean War

 

On 15 May 1951, the Chinese commenced the second impulse of the Spring Offensive and attacked the ROK Army and the US X Corps in the east at the Soyang River add something

 

MacArthur was the subject of congressional hearings in May and June 1951, which determined that he had defied the orders of the President and thus had violated the U.S. Constitution add something

 

World War I - From a military science perspective, the Korean War combined strategies and tactics of World War I and World War II: it began with a mobile campaign of swift infantry attacks followed by air bombing raids, but became a static trench war by July 1951 add something

 

James Cassels (British Army officer) - Korean War - He became the first General Officer Commanding the 1st Commonwealth Division in July 1951 during the Korean War for which he was awarded the Legion of Merit in the Degree of Commander by the President of the United States on 16 September 1952 and appointed KBE on 10 October 1952

 

Large-scale bombing of North Korea continued, and protracted armistice negotiations began 10 July 1951 at Kaesong add something

 

Neil Armstrong - Korean War - Armstrong first saw action in the Korean War on August 29, 1951, as an escort for a photo reconnaissance plane over Songjin

 

At the same time, large-scale air defense training programs were carried out, and the Chinese Air Force began to participate in the war from September 1951 onward add something

 

In October 1951, the US effected Operation Hudson Harbor to establish nuclear weapons capability add something

 

The situation became so serious that, on November 1951, Zhou Enlai called a conference in Shenyang to discuss the PVA's logistical problems add something

 

George Andrew Davis, Jr. - Korean War - During a patrol November 4, Davis was credited with a "probable" victory over a MiG-15 of the Soviet Air Force or Chinese Air Force, giving him his first victory in the Korean War. On November 10, 1951, Davis was given command of the 334th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, one of the subordinate units of the 4th Wing

 

Following Colonel Harrison Thyng's communication with the Pentagon, the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing finally reinforced the beleaguered 4th Wing in December 1951; for the next year-and-a-half stretch of the war, aerial warfare continued add something


1952

The U.S. Immigration Act of 1952 legalized the naturalization of non-whites as American citizens, and made possible the entry of military spouses and children from South Korea after the Korean War. With the passage of the Immigration Act of 1965, which substantially changed U.S. immigration policy toward non-Europeans, Koreans became one of the fastest-growing Asian groups in the United States add something

 

They insisted that only volunteers were allowed to serve in the KPA. By early 1952, UN negotiators gave up trying to get back the missing South Koreans add something

 

Thus, the United States and the Soviet Union fed matériel to the war, battling by proxy and finding themselves virtually matched, technologically, when the USAF deployed the F-86F against the MiG-15 late in 1952 add something

 

Turkey, for example, entered NATO in 1952 and the foundation for bilateral diplomatic and trade relations was laid add something

 

John D. Bulkeley - Korean War - During the Korean War in 1952, Bulkeley commanded Destroyer Division 132

 

Jayne Mansfield - Korean War - Early in 1952, Paul was called to the United States Army Reserve for the Korean War

 

James Gareth Endicott - Korean War - Endicott returned on a visit to China in 1952, during the Korean War and, on his return to Canada, charged the United States with using chemical and biological weapons during the war

 

Rene Levesque - Korean War - He again served as a war correspondent for CBC in the Korean War in 1952

 

Larry Hagman - Korean War - In 1952, during the Korean War, Hagman enlisted in the United States Air Force

 

Bernard W. Rogers - Korean War - Rogers was deployed to the Korean War where he commanded the 3d Battalion, 9th Infantry from 1952 to 1953, being promoted to temporary lieutenant colonel in August 1953

 

Richard Thomas Shea - Korean War - Turning down the opportunity to attend the Olympic Games, after graduating in 1952, he joined his classmates in the Korean War.

 

Charles J. Loring, Jr. - By the outset of the Korean War, Loring was working in an administrative role in the United States, but by 1952 had been transferred to combat duty in Korea

 

Roy Benavidez - In 1952, during the Korean War, Benavidez enlisted in the Texas Army National Guard

 

Kim Sung-ae - They became husband and wife in 1952, following the death of Kim Il-sung's first wife in 1949, although due to the Korean War no formal ceremony was held

 

Ted Williams - Williams name was called from a list of inactive reserves to serve in the Korean War on January 9, 1952

 

On 24 February 1952, the Military Commission, presided over by Zhou, discussed the PVA's logistical problems with members of various government agencies involved in the war effort add something

 

Keith Payne - Korean War - Payne served with his unit in the Korean War between April 1952 and March 1953

 

Ted Williams - Korean War - On May 1, 1952, at the age of 33, Williams was recalled to active duty for service in the Korean War

 

Mark W. Clark - Korean War - During the Korean War, he took over as commander of the United Nations Command on May 12, 1952, succeeding General Matthew Ridgway

 

In 1952, the US elected a new president, and on 29 November 1952, the president-elect, Dwight D. Eisenhower, went to Korea to learn what might end the Korean War. With the United Nations' acceptance of India's proposed Korean War armistice, the KPA, the PVA, and the UN Command ceased fire with the battle line approximately at the 38th parallel add something


1953

In 1953, South Korea and the United States concluded a Mutual Defense Treaty add something

 

Since 1953, the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission , composed of members from the Swiss and Swedish Armed Forces, has been stationed near the DMZ. add something

 

When Eisenhower succeeded Truman in early 1953 he was similarly cautious about using nuclear weapons in Korea, including for diplomatic purposes to encourage progress in the ongoing truce discussions add something

 

Ben Nighthorse Campbell - Korean War - He was stationed in Korea during the Korean War as an air policeman; he left the Air Force in 1953 with the rank of Airman Second Class, as well as the Korean Service Medal and the Air Medal

 

Arthur W. Radford - Korean War - In 1953, as the Korean War was winding down - but the time was in the depths of the Cold War, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Admiral Radford as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

 

Edwin P. Wilson - Korean War - In 1953, he joined the Marines and fought in the last days of the Korean War

 

Gene Sharp - Korean War - In 1953-54, Sharp was jailed for nine months after protesting the conscription of soldiers for the Korean War

 

Michael J. Novosel - Korean War - Novosel joined the U.S. Air Force Reserves and went back on active duty to again serve his country during the Korean War. He left the service again in 1953 and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Air Force Reserve in 1955

 

John A. Eddy - Korean War - Upon graduation in 1953 from the United States Naval Academy he served for four years at sea as a line officer on aircraft carriers during the Korean War and later in the Persian Gulf as navigator and operations officer on a destroyer in the Atlantic Fleet

 

Henry Leach - Korean War - In July 1953 he was posted as gunnery officer of the 5th Cruiser Squadron in and saw service at the end of the Korean War

 

In the final armistice agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission was set up to handle the matter add something

 

The fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when the armistice agreement was signed add something

 

The old Korean capital city of Kaesong, site of the armistice negotiations, originally lay in the pre-war ROK, but now is in the DPRK. The United Nations Command, supported by the United States, the North Korean People's Army, and the Chinese People's Volunteers, signed the Armistice Agreement on 27 July 1953 to end the fighting add something

 

Donald Barthelme - Korean War - Two years later, Barthelme was drafted into the U.S. Army, arriving in Korea on July 27, 1953, the day of the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement, which ended the Korean War


1954

International adoption of Korean children began in 1954 add something

 

Bob Newhart - Korean War - He was drafted into the U.S. Army and served stateside during the Korean War as a personnel manager until discharged in 1954

 

Russell M. Nelson - Korean War - Nelson served a two-year term of medical duty in the U.S. Army during the Korean War, being stationed in Korea, Japan, and at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. He served his residency in surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, and at the University of Minnesota, receiving a PhD in 1954


1955

Lawton Chiles - Korean War - Originally a Korean War veteran, Chiles later return to Florida for law school and eventually opened his own private practice in 1955

 

Ahn Eak-tai - After the Korean War, President Syngman Rhee invited Ahn to be part of his 80th birthday celebration, and, on February 19, 1955, Ahn returned to his motherland after 25 years away from home


1956

Walter Mondale - Korean War - He served in the U.S. Army in the Korean War before earning a law degree in 1956

 

Robert Littell (politician) - During the Korean War he served three years with the United States Marine Corps and received an honorable discharge in 1956

 

Billy Bishop - With the outbreak of the Korean War, Bishop again offered to return to his recruitment role, but he was in poor health and was politely refused by the RCAF. He died in his sleep on 11 September 1956 while wintering in Palm Beach, Florida


1957

In 1957 South Korea had a lower per capita GDP than Ghana, and by 2010 it was ranked thirteenth in the world add something

 

Robert E. Galer - Korean War - He went on to command Marine Aircraft Group 12 during the Korean War and retired a few years after in 1957

 

Alan Whicker - Second World War - After the Second World War, Whicker became a journalist and broadcaster, acting as a newspaper correspondent during the Korean War , and after joining the BBC in 1957, was an international reporter for their "Tonight" programme


1958

Ron Galella - A Bronx native, son of an Italian immigrant from Muro Lucano , Galella served as a United States Air Force photographer during the Korean War and attended the Art Center College of Design in Los Angeles, California, graduating with a degree in photojournalism in 1958


1959

Arthur J. Jackson - Korean War - Although he served with the Army during the Korean War, he returned to the Marine Corps in 1959


1960

In 1960, the April Revolution occurred and students joined an anti-Syngman Rhee demonstration; 142 were killed by police; in consequence Syngman Rhee resigned and defected to the United States add something

 

In the 1960s, western princesses earned 25 percent of South Korean GNP with the help of their military government add something

 

South Korea had one of the world's fastest-growing economies from the early 1960s to the late 1990s add something

 

L. Patrick Gray - Korean War - By 1960, Gray's achievements in the Navy included commanding three submarine war patrols during the Korean War, earning the rank of captain two years before he was legally allowed to be paid for it, and serving as congressional liaison officer for the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Chief of Naval Operations


1961

In "South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu" , R.E. Appleman reports the ROK forces' low combat readiness as of 25 June 1950 add something


1962

Frank Perry - Korean War - A veteran of the Korean War, he returned to the entertainment industry after being discharged and made his directorial debut in 1962 with the low-budget drama film "David and Lisa"

 

Raymond Harvey - Harvey remained in the Army after the Korean War and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel before retiring in 1962

 

Bernard W. Rogers - He was a decorated infantry commander in the Korean War and held intelligence positions before becoming executive officer to Maxwell D. Taylor, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in 1962


1967

Matthew Leonard - Korean War - He served in both the Korean War and the Vietnam War. On February 28, 1967, Leonard was serving as a platoon Sergeant with Company B, 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division near Suoi Da, South Vietnam


1970

Dan Lauria - Korean War - A Vietnam War veteran, Lauria served as an officer in the US Marine Corps in the early 1970s, at the same point in his life that Jack Arnold, his character in "The Wonder Years" did during the Korean War

 

Lewis Blaine Hershey - He was the longest-serving director in the history of the Selective Service System, and held the position until February 15, 1970, spanning World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War


1972

Ray Davis (general) - He was awarded the Navy Cross during World War II and the Medal of Honor during the Korean War. While serving as the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, he retired with over 33 years service in the Marine Corps on March 31, 1972


1974

Since 1974, four incursion tunnels leading to Seoul have been uncovered add something


1975

In April 1975, South Vietnam's capital was captured by the North Vietnamese army add something


1976

In 1976, the axe murder incident was widely publicized add something


1980

Korean anti-Americanism after the war was fueled by the presence and behavior of American military personnel and U.S. support for the authoritarian regime, a fact still evident during the country's democratic transition in the 1980s add something


1981

Everett McGill - Korean War - After coming into the public eye in 1981 for his role as the rugged caveman leader Naoh in "Quest for Fire", McGill appeared in "Silver Bullet", a 1985 werewolf movie inspired by a Stephen King short story; the Korean War battle epic "Field of Honor" and the Clint Eastwood war film "Heartbreak Ridge" in 1986; and in the 1989 installment of the James Bond franchise "Licence to Kill"

 

Chip Cravaack - He was raised a Republican in a family that had a military background; his father had served in the Korean War, and his grandfather had served in World War I. Cravaack graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1981, receiving a bachelor of science degree.


1990

Estimates based on the most recent North Korean census suggest that 240,000 to 420,000 people died as a result of the 1990s North Korean famine and that there were 600,000 to 850,000 unnatural deaths in North Korea from 1993 to 2008 add something

 

The North Korean government has been accused of "crimes against humanity" for its alleged culpability in creating and prolonging the 1990s famine add something


1991

Arleigh Burke - In 1991 Admiral Burke was awarded the Lone Sailor Award by the U. S. Navy Memorial Foundation for his distinguished career during World War II and the Korean War.


1994

However, since 1994, South Korean POWs have been escaping North Korea on their own after decades of captivity add something


1996

From 1996 to 2006, the DPRK recovered 220 remains near the Sino-Korean border add something


1997

In 1997 the Geoje POW Camp in South Korea was turned into a memorial add something


1999

Leon Vance - A 1999 article in "U.S. News and World Report" called Vance and his West Point classmates the "Warrior Class" because they were destined to fight in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War


2000

David B. Bleak - Korean War - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.

 

Cornelius H. Charlton - Korean War - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.

 

Ernest R. Kouma - Korean War - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.

 

George D. Libby - Korean War - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.

 

George Andrew Davis, Jr. - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military personnel who served in the Korean War.

 

Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr. - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military personnel who served in the Korean War.

 

William F. Dean - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.

 

Charles J. Loring, Jr. - In 2000 this award was made retroactive to all US military who served in the Korean War.


2005

Beginning in 2005, the South Korean Truth and Reconciliation Commission has investigated numerous atrocities committed by the Japanese colonial government and the authoritarian South Korean governments that followed it add something

 

Tibor Rubin - Korean War - In 2005, President George W. Bush presented the Medal of Honor to Rubin in a ceremony at the White House, for his actions in 1950 during the Korean War. The Jewish War Veterans Act established a review of Medal of Honor nominations for servicemen of the Jewish faith or extraction whose nominations may have been derailed because of antisemitism


2006

Ray Davis (general) - General Davis had a close association with Marine Corps legend, Chesty Puller, having served with Pullar on Guadalcanal during World War II and in Korea during the Korean War. A middle school was built and named the "General Ray Davis Middle School", in 2006, in Stockbridge, Georgia where he had resided


2007

Baldomero Lopez - Korean War - A Korean War memorial at the Ed Radice Sports Complex in Tampa, Florida was opened on November 11, 2007, and dedicated to Lopez


2008

Mark Wahlberg - His father, a US Army veteran of the Korean War, died on February 14, 2008


2010

Again in 2010, North Korea fired artillery shells on Yeonpyeong island, killing two military personnel and two civilians add something

 

As of 2010, the South Korean Ministry of Unification reported that 79 ROK POWs had escaped the North as of 2010 add something

 

In 2010, a North Korean submarine torpedoed and sank the South Korean corvette ROKS "Cheonan", resulting in the deaths of 46 sailors add something


2013

Dan Blocker - Korean War - Blocker served in the Army, seeing combat during the Korean War and receiving a Purple Heart, according to VFW Magazine in 2013

 

After a new wave of U.N. sanctions, on 11 March 2013, North Korea claimed that it had invalidated the 1953 armistice add something

 

On 30 March 2013, North Korea stated that it had entered a "state of war" with South Korea and declared that "The long-standing situation of the Korean peninsula being neither at peace nor at war is finally over add something

 

Speaking on 4 April 2013, the United States Secretary of Defense, Chuck Hagel, informed the press that Pyongyang had "formally informed" the Pentagon that it had "ratified" the potential usage of a nuclear weapon against South Korea, Japan and the United States of America, including Guam and Hawaii add something


2016

In 2016, it was revealed that North Korea approached the United States about conducting formal peace talks to formally end the war add something


2018

In April 2018, it was reported that a peace treaty is being negotiated between North Korea and South Korea add something

 

On 27 April 2018, it was announced that North Korea and South Korea agreed to end the ongoing 65 year conflict add something

 

However, on May 15, 2018, North Korea cancelled the meeting due to military drills South Korea and the US conducted add something