Labour Party (UK)

Knowledge Identifier: &Labour_Party_(UK)

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Labour Party (UK)

Centre-left political party in the United Kingdom, and one of the two main British political parties along with the Conservative Party add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1900.

Countries: United Kingdom (87%), (4%), United States (1%)

Main connections: Member of parliament, Rhodesia Labour Party, Scottish Labour Party

Linked to: Liberal Party, Independent Labour Party, Labour Party Conference, Conservative Party

 

Timeline


 

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1900

The motion was passed at all stages by the TUC, and the proposed conference was held at the Memorial Hall on Farringdon Street on 26 and 27 February 1900 add something

 

The October 1900 "Khaki election" came too soon for the new party to campaign effectively; total expenses for the election only came to £33 add something


1901

Support for the LRC was boosted by the 1901 Taff Vale Case, a dispute between strikers and a railway company that ended with the union being ordered to pay £23,000 damages for a strike add something


1902

Fred Blackburn - "'Fred Blackburn"' was a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Stalybridge and Hyde from the 1951 general election until 1970


1903

Ethel Snowden - She took her first lecture on behalf of the Yorkshire Independent Labour Party at Keighley Labour Institute in September 1903, possibly arranged by Snowden


1904

Tom Myers (politician) - An early supporter of the Labour Party, he was elected to Thornhill Urban District Council in 1904


1909

John Mackie, Baron John-Mackie - "'John Mackie, Baron John-Mackie"' was a British Labour MP elected for Enfield East at the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966 and 1970


1910

The 1910 election saw 42 Labour MPs elected to the House of Commons, a significant victory since, a year before the election, the House of Lords had passed the Osborne judgment ruling that Trades Unions in the United Kingdom could no longer donate money to fund the election campaigns and wages of Labour MPs add something


1912

Liberal Unionist Party - Though the Liberal Unionist party disappeared as a separate organisation in 1912, the Chamberlain legacy helped keep the industrial powerhouse of Birmingham from returning to the Liberal party and would only be changed once more in 1945 in the Labour Party electoral landslide of that year

 

Ernie Roberts - "'Ernest Alfred Cecil "Ernie" Roberts"' was a British politician, a Member of Parliament for the Labour Party between 1979 general election and 1987 general election for the inner London constituency of Hackney North and Stoke Newington when he was deselected in favour of Diane Abbott


1913

By 1913, faced with the opposition of the largest Trades Unions, the Liberal government passed the Trade Disputes Act to allow Trade Unions to fund Labour MPs once more add something


1917

Arthur Henderson resigned from the Cabinet in 1917 amid calls for party unity to be replaced by George Barnes add something


1918

In the party's early years the Independent Labour Party provided much of its activist base as the party did not have individual membership until 1918 but operated as a conglomerate of affiliated bodies add something

 

The first election held under the Representation of the People Act 1918 in which all men over 21, and most women over the age of 30 could vote, and therefore a much larger electorate add something

 

James Sexton - A founder member of the Independent Labour Party, he later joined the Labour Party and served as Labour Member of Parliament for St Helens from 1918 to 1931

 

Liberal Democrats - Having declined to third party status after the rise of the Labour Party from 1918 and especially during the 1920s, the Liberals were challenged for this position in the 1980s when a group of Labour MPs broke away and established the Social Democratic Party

 

E. D. Morel - In April 1918, he joined the Independent Labour Party, and began to feed his views into the Labour Party to which it was affiliated and which adopted his critical view of the Treaty of Versailles


1920

Liberal Democrats - In the 1920s, the Labour Party permanently replaced the Liberals as the largest opponent of the Conservative Party

 

Conservative Party (UK) - In the 1920s, the Liberal vote greatly diminished and the Labour Party became the Conservatives' main rivals


1921

The Communist Party of Great Britain was refused affiliation between 1921 and 1923 add something


1922

With the Liberals in disarray Labour won 142 seats in 1922, making it the second largest political group in the House of Commons and the official opposition to the Conservative government add something


1923

The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940 add something

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - The "'Rhodesia Labour Party"' was a political party which existed in Southern Rhodesia from 1923 until the 1950s

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - When the Responsible Government Party became the Rhodesia Party in December 1923, it resolved that negotiations with the Labour Party should be entered into by 15 January 1924, and the broad outlines of an agreement were reached prior to the first general election


1924

Ruth Dalton - A graduate of the London School of Economics, she married in 1924 the Labour Party MP Hugh Dalton; they had one child, a daughter

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - In the event, the two parties opposed each other at the 1924 election and the Rhodesia Labour Party was unable to win any seats

 

Thus, with the acquiescence of Asquith's Liberals, Ramsay MacDonald became the first ever Labour Prime Minister in January 1924, forming the first Labour government, despite Labour only having 191 MPs add something


1926

During the General Strike of 1926 the party opposed the general strike, arguing that the best way to achieve social reforms was through the ballot box add something

 

John Maynard Keynes - From 1926 when Lloyd George became leader of the Liberals, Keynes took a major role in defining the party's economics policy, but by the Liberals had been displaced into third party status by the Labour party

 

A. Ekanayake Gunasinha - In fact when Ramsay McDonald, the British Labour Party Leader and Prime Minister visited Ceylon in 1926; Gunasinha received him on behalf of the Ceylonese labour movement


1927

Co-Operative Party - However, since the 1927 Cheltenham Agreement, the party has had an electoral agreement with the Labour Party, which allows for a limited number of Labour Co-operative candidates


1928

A. Ekanayake Gunasinha - Gunasinha's political career marked the formation of the "Ceylon Labour Party" in October, 1928, with himself as President, and Proctor Marshall Perera as Secretary, and Messrs


1929

Fielding Reginald West - At the 1929 general election, West contested the seat of Kensington North as a Labour Party candidate, and was elected, unseating the sitting Conservative MP, Percy Gates

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - In July 1929, N.H. Wilson of the Progressive Party proposed an alignment of that party with the Country Party and the Rhodesia Labour Party; after consideration, the party decided in September 1929 to remain independent


1930

As the threat from Nazi Germany increased in the 1930s the Labour Party gradually abandoned its earlier pacifist stance and supported re-armament, largely due to the efforts of Ernest Bevin and Hugh Dalton who by 1937 had persuaded the party to oppose Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement add something

 

By the end of 1930 unemployment had doubled to over two and a half million add something


1931

Arthur Henderson, elected in 1931 to succeed MacDonald, lost his seat in the 1931 general election add something

 

By the summer of 1931 a dispute over whether or not to reduce public spending had split the government add something

 

The ensuing general election resulted in overwhelming victory for the National Government and disaster for the Labour Party which won only 52 seats, 225 fewer than in 1929 add something

 

George Lambert, 1st Viscount Lambert - Although he began his parliamentary career as a Liberal, in 1931 Lambert had become a National Liberal supporting the Conservative Party, following a long period criticising David Lloyd George and opposition to the Labour Party

 

A. Ekanayake Gunasinha - At the State Council elections held in 1931 Gunasinha was elected on the Labour Party ticket as Member for Colombo Central Electoral District, and he repeated this feat in 1936

 

On 24 August 1931 MacDonald submitted the resignation of his ministers and led a small number of his senior colleagues in forming the National Government together with the other parties add something


1932

The party experienced another split in 1932 when the Independent Labour Party, which for some years had been increasingly at odds with the Labour leadership, opted to disaffiliate from the Labour Party and embarked on a long, drawn-out decline add something

 

Margaret McKay - She left the party in 1932, joining the Labour Party


1934

Rhodesia Labour Party - After the 1934 election , the Rhodesia Labour Party took over as the opposition

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - Originally formed on the model of the British Labour Party from trade unions and being especially dominated by railway workers, it formed the main opposition party from 1934 to 1946


1935

Lansbury resigned as leader in 1935 after public disagreements over foreign policy add something


1939

Andrew Bennett - "'Andrew Francis Bennett"' is a British Labour Party politician, who was a member of Parliament from 1974 to 2005


1940

The party returned to government in 1940 as part of the wartime coalition add something

 

The party was in a wartime coalition from 1940 to 1945, after which it formed a majority government under Clement Attlee add something

 

When Neville Chamberlain resigned in the spring of 1940, incoming-Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided to bring the other main parties into a coalition similar to that of the First World War. Clement Attlee was appointed Lord Privy Seal and a member of the war cabinet, eventually becoming the United Kingdom's first Deputy Prime Minister add something


1942

Les Huckfield - "'Leslie John Huckfield"' is a British Labour politician, who served as Member of Parliament for Nuneaton from 1967 to 1983 and as an MEP from 1984 to 1989


1943

Rhodesia Labour Party - Moves toward reunification had a fortuitous boost when Davies and Keller attended a party congress of "The Labour Party" in October 1943, as Huggins had declared that this was contrary to the spirit of coalition and dismissed them from the government on 12 October


1945

William Beveridge - Clement Attlee and the Labour Party defeated Winston Churchill's Conservative Party in the 1945 general election

 

Anthony Eden - After the Labour Party won the 1945 elections, Eden went into opposition as Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party

 

Lindsay Anderson - Anderson assisted in nailing the Red flag to the roof of the Junior Officers mess in Annan Parbat, in August 1945, after the victory of the Labour Party in the general election was confirmed


1946

Rhodesia Labour Party - All the infighting caused a dramatic loss of support for both factions in the 1946 general election at which there were 23 candidates from the Rhodesia Labour Party and 11 from the Southern Rhodesia Labour Party


1947

Attlee's government began the process of dismantling the British Empire when it granted independence to India and Pakistan in 1947, followed by Burma and Ceylon the following year add something

 

In 1947, the Labour Party published a reprint of the Communist Manifesto with an introduction by Harold Laski add something

 

At a secret meeting in January 1947, Attlee and six cabinet ministers, including Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, decided to proceed with the development of Britain's nuclear weapons programme, in opposition to the pacifist and anti-nuclear stances of a large element inside the Labour Party add something

 

Rod Richards - "'Roderick Richards"' was the Conservative Member of Parliament for Clwyd North West, in Wales, from 1992 to 1997, when he lost his seat in the Labour Party landslide

 

Michael Carr (Labour politician) - "'Michael Carr"' was a British Labour Party politician who served as Member of Parliament for Bootle for 57 days in 1990 from his election until his death


1948

To this day, the party considers the 1948 creation of Britain's publicly funded National Health Service under health minister Aneurin Bevan its proudest achievement add something

 

Rhodesia Labour Party - By the 1948 election the SRLP had ceased political action with one of its members joining the United Party and another the Rhodesia Labour Party, although the party organisation continued to exist


1950

Hardie's roots as a lay preacher contributed to an ethos in the party which led to the comment by 1950s General Secretary Morgan Phillips that "Socialism in Britain owed more to Methodism than Marx" add something

 

His replacement, Hugh Gaitskell, a man associated with the right-wing of the party, struggled in dealing with internal party divisions in the late 1950s and early 1960s and Labour lost the 1959 general election add something

 

Labour went on to win the 1950 general election, but with a much reduced majority of five seats add something

 

The party suffered an ideological split during the 1950s, while the postwar economic recovery, given the social effects of Attlee's reforms, made the public broadly content with the Conservative governments of the time add something

 

John Desmond Cronin - He became Vice Chairman of the North St Pancras Labour Party in 1950, and was a member of the London County Council from 1952–1955

 

Pat Lally (politician) - He left school at 13, and was conscripted to the RAF after the War. He joined the Labour Party in 1950 and was elected as a Glasgow Corporation councillor in 1966


1951

Following the defeat of 1951, the party underwent a long period of thirteen years in opposition add something

 

In the 1951 general election, Labour narrowly lost to the Conservatives despite receiving the larger share of the popular vote, its highest ever vote numerically add something

 

Conservative Party (UK) - They used the dissatisfaction with the socialistic and equalitarian policies of the Labour Party to rally middle-class supporters and build a political comeback that won the 1951 general election


1953

Stephen Byers - "'Stephen John Byers"' is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for North Tyneside from 1997 to 2010; in the previous parliament, from 1992, he represented Wallsend


1955

Attlee remained as leader until his retirement, in 1955 add something


1958

Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney - In 1958 he became a London County Councillor for Hackney North & Stoke Newington until 1965 and served on the London Labour Party executive in 1962


1959

Harry Hylton-Foster - The fact that he was serving as the Solicitor General when he was named as the Speaker of the House of Commons in 1959 was a source of some controversy, which was confounded by the fact that the Labour party felt they had been insufficiently consulted about the nomination


1960

A down-turn in the economy along with a series of scandals in the early 1960s engulfed the Conservative government by 1963 add something

 

The 1960s Labour government expanded comprehensive education and created the Open University add something

 

David Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Turville - David Sainsbury joined the Labour Party in the 1960s, but was one of the 100 signatories of the 'Limehouse Declaration' in an advertisement in "The Guardian" on 5 February 1981; he went on to be a member of the Social Democratic Party formed by the authors of the Declaration

 

Conservative Party (UK) - Though the principal architect of the UK's entry into the European Communities was Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, and both Winston Churchill and Harold Macmillan favoured some form of European union, the bulk of contemporary Conservative opinion is opposed to closer economic and particularly political union with the EU. This is a noticeable shift in British politics, as in the 1960s and 1970s the Conservatives were more pro-Europe than the Labour Party


1961

John Forrester - Having been secretary of the local Constituency Labour Party from 1961, Forrester was Member of Parliament for Stoke-on-Trent North from 1966 to 1987, when was deselected as Labour candidate and replaced by Joan Walley

 

Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet - He won the by-election in 1961 for East Fife following the death of Sir James Henderson-Stewart, defeating John Smith while the future leader of the Labour Party was a law student at Glasgow University


1963

In 1963, Gaitskell's sudden death from a heart-attack made way for Harold Wilson to lead the party add something

 

Edmund Marshall - Marshall was a Liberal Party councillor on Wallasey Borough Council 1963-65 and parliamentary candidate for Louth in 1964 and 1966, but joined the Labour Party in 1967


1964

The Labour Party returned to government with a 4-seat majority under Wilson in the 1964 election but increased its majority to 96 in the 1966 election add something


1965

Alan Rickman - In 1965, at the age of 19, Rickman met his girlfriend Rima Horton, a Labour party councillor on Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council 1986-2006

 

Bertrand Russell - In October 1965 he tore up his Labour Party card because he suspected the party was going to send soldiers to support the US in the Vietnam War.


1966

Ednyfed Hudson Davies - Davies was elected Labour Party Member of Parliament for Conway in 1966, serving there until 1970

 

Stephen Twigg - "'Stephen Twigg"' is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Labour Co-operative Member of Parliament for Liverpool West Derby since 2010


1970

After losing the 1970 general election, Labour returned to opposition, but retained Harold Wilson as Leader add something

 

Labour went on to lose the 1970 election to the Conservatives under Edward Heath add something

 

The 1970s proved a difficult time to be in government for both the Conservatives and Labour due to the 1973 oil crisis which caused high inflation and a global recession add something

 

Kenneth Woolmer, Baron Woolmer of Leeds - His political career began in 1970 when he was elected as a Labour Party candidate to Leeds city council, of which he was deputy leader from 1972

 

Walter Wolfgang - In the late 1970s Wolfgang was a leading member of the Campaign for Labour Party Democracy, which campaigned for reforms to the Labour Party structure to give constituency parties more power

 

Scottish National Party - There were some ideological tensions in the 1970s SNP. The party leadership under Wolfe was determined to stay on the left of the Scottish political spectrum and be in a position to challenge the Labour Party


1973

Heath's government soon ran into trouble over Northern Ireland and a dispute with miners in 1973 which led to the "three-day week" add something


1974

The Labour Party was returned to power again under Wilson a few weeks after the February 1974 general election, forming a minority government with the support of the Ulster Unionists add something

 

The number of people voting Labour hardly changed between February 1974 and 1979 but in 1979 the Conservative Party achieved big increases in support in the Midlands and South of England, benefiting from both a surge in turnout and votes lost by the ailing Liberals add something

 

Liberal Party (UK) - In the February 1974 general election the Conservative government of Edward Heath won a plurality of votes cast, but the Labour Party gained a plurality of seats due to the Ulster Unionist MPs refusing to support the Conservatives after the Northern Ireland Sunningdale Agreement

 

In a bid to gain a proper majority, a second election was soon called for October 1974 in which Labour, still with Harold Wilson as leader, managed a majority of three, gaining just 18 seats and taking its total to 319 add something


1976

Harold Wilson's personal popularity remained reasonably high but he unexpectedly resigned as Prime Minister in 1976, citing health reasons and was replaced by James Callaghan add something

 

Patrick Wintour - Known for his contacts inside the Labour Party, Wintour began his career in journalism on the "New Statesman" from 1976 to 1982, before joining "The Guardian" as chief Labour Correspondent in 1983


1977

An arrangement negotiated in 1977 with Liberal leader David Steel, known as the Lib-Lab Pact, ended after one year add something

 

By 1977 by-election losses and defections to the breakaway Scottish Labour Party left Callaghan heading a minority government, forced to trade with smaller parties in order to govern add something


1978

But during the winter of 1978-79 there were widespread strikes among lorry drivers, railway workers, car workers and local government and hospital workers in favour of higher pay-rises that caused significant disruption to everyday life add something

 

Callaghan had been widely expected to call a general election in the autumn of 1978 when most opinion polls showed Labour to have a narrow lead add something


1979

After its defeat in the 1979 election the Labour Party underwent a period of internal rivalry between the left-wing, represented by Michael Foot and Tony Benn, and the right-wing represented by Denis Healey add something

 

However he decided to extend his wage restraint policy for another year hoping that the economy would be in a better shape for a 1979 election add something

 

In the 1979 election Labour suffered electoral defeat by the Conservatives, now led by Margaret Thatcher add something

 

Frank Haynes - A member of the Labour Party, he served at the Member of Parliament for Ashfield from 1979-92


1980

The election of Michael Foot as leader in 1980 led in 1981 to four former cabinet ministers from the right of the Labour Party forming the Social Democratic Party add something

 

Throughout its early history, from the participation of the Social Democratic Federation in its founding to the expulsion of Militant Tendency in the 1980s, there were radical Marxist trends in the Party add something

 

Conservative Party (UK) - However, the period of unpopularity of the Conservatives in the early 1980s coincided with a crisis in the Labour Party which now formed the opposition

 

Mick Rix - Rix joined the Labour Party in February 1980


1981

John Cleese - Currently a member of the Liberal Democrats after previously being a Labour party voter, Cleese switched to the SDP after their formation in 1981, and during the 1987 general election, Cleese recorded a nine-minute party political broadcast for the SDP-Liberal Alliance, which spoke about the similarities and failures of the other two parties in a more humorous tone than standard political broadcasts

 

Liberal Party (UK) - In 1981, defectors from the moderate wing of the Labour Party, led by former Cabinet ministers Roy Jenkins, David Owen and Shirley Williams, founded the Social Democratic Party

 

Social Democratic Party (UK) - The four left the Labour Party as a result of policy changes enacted at the January 1981 Wembley conference which committed the party to unilateral nuclear disarmament and withdrawal from the European Economic Community


1982

Mark Meredith - A member of the Labour Party since 1982, Meredith held posts at various levels of the Labour Party, including time as a member of the national committee, representing the West Midlands, of the Labour Party's youth section, the Labour Party Young Socialists prior to its disbandment at the 1987 Labour Party Conference

 

Social Democratic Party (UK) - In the Glasgow Hillhead by-election in March 1982, another candidate named Roy Jenkins was nominated by Labour Party activists to contest the seat in order to confuse voters and split his potential vote


1983

Michael Foot resigned and was replaced as leader by Neil Kinnock who was elected on 2 October 1983 and progressively moved the party towards the centre add something


1984

Billy Bragg - Bragg expressed support for the 1984 miners' strike, and the following year he formed the musicians' alliance Red Wedge, which promoted the Labour Party and discouraged young people from voting for the Conservative Party in the 1987 general election


1987

Following the 1987 election, Kinnock began expelling Militant Tendency members from the party add something

 

Labour improved its performance in 1987, gaining 20 seats and so reducing the Conservative majority from 143 to 102 add something

 

Chris Butler (politician) - Butler was Member of Parliament for Warrington South from 1987 to 1992, when he lost his seat by 191 votes to Labour Party candidate Mike Hall

 

Joe Biden - In September 1987, the campaign ran into trouble when he was accused of plagiarizing a speech that had been made by Neil Kinnock, leader of the British Labour Party.


1990

Alan Woods (political theorist) - In the early 1990s Woods and his mentor, Ted Grant, were expelled from the Militant tendency and its parent organization, the Committee for a Workers' International, over what they considered to be the ultraleft turn of this organisation when it decided to split from the Labour Party

 

Gregor Gall - Originally a member of Labour Students and the Labour Party, he ended his membership of these over the issue of the poll tax, joining the Socialist Workers' Party in 1990

 

Alan Woods (political theorist) - Woods was a leading supporter within the Militant tendency within the UK Labour Party and its parent group the Committee for a Workers' International until the early 1990s

 

In November 1990, Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister and was succeeded by John Major add something


1991

Major resisted Kinnock's calls for a general election throughout 1991 add something

 

The change of leader in the Tory government saw a turnaround in support for the Tories, who regularly topped the opinion polls throughout 1991 although Labour regained the lead more than once add something


1992

Party electoral manifestos have not contained the term "socialism" since 1992, and in 1995 the original Clause Four was abolished add something

 

The "yo yo" in the opinion polls continued into 1992, though after November 1990 any Labour lead in the polls was rarely sufficient for a majority add something

 

Charles Hambro, Baron Hambro - But his role was financial, not political; as the Treasurer of the Conservative Party, he was charged with rescuing the party from the £19 m overdraft run up in John Major's desperate, but successful, bid to fend off the Labour Party in 1992, for a fourth successive Tory election win

 

Robert Goodwill - Goodwill unsuccessfully contested Redcar at the 1992 general election where he finished second, some 11,577 votes behind the sitting Labour MP Mo Mowlam

 

Douglas French - He was re-elected at the 1992 general election, but was defeated at the 1997 general election by the Labour Party candidate, Tess Kingham

 

Matthew Taylor (Labour politician) - Taylor became a Warwickshire county councillor and fought Warwick and Leamington in the 1992 general election, pulling Labour up into second place, before joining the Labour Party's staff in 1994

 

The election on 9 April 1992 was widely tipped to result in a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority, but in the event the Conservatives were returned to power, though with a much reduced majority of 21 in 1992 add something

 

The Black Wednesday economic disaster in September 1992 left the Conservative government's reputation for monetary excellence in tatters, and by the end of that year Labour had a comfortable lead over the Tories in the opinion polls add something


1993

Although the recession was declared over in April 1993 and a period of strong and sustained economic growth followed, coupled with a relatively swift fall in unemployment, the Labour lead in the opinion polls remained strong add something


1994

However, Smith died from a heart attack in May 1994 add something

 

Hugh Kerr - He was elected a Labour Party Member of the European Parliament in June 1994 to represent the euro-constituency of Essex West & Hertfordshire East until 1999


1995

Tony Blair continued to move the party further to the centre, abandoning the largely symbolic Clause Four at the 1995 mini-conference in a strategy to increase the party's appeal to "middle England" add something


1996

Vincent Nichols - Nichols played a prominent role in producing the 1996 CBCEW document, "Common Good and Catholic Social Teaching", in which the English Catholic bishops condemned the rhetoric of greed in a move interpreted as an endorsement of New Labour


1997

The Labour Party was last in national government between 1997 and 2010 under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, beginning with a majority of 179, reduced to 167 in 2001 and 66 in 2005 add something

 

The Labour Party won the 1997 general election with a landslide majority of 179; it was the largest Labour majority ever, and the largest swing to a political party achieved since 1945 add something

 

This was the first seat gained by Labour in a by-election since the Wirral South by-election in 1997 add something

 

Conservative Party (UK) - An effective opposition campaign by the Labour Party culminated in a landslide defeat for the Conservatives in 1997 that was Labour's largest ever parliamentary victory

 

Richard Rosser, Baron Rosser - During his time at the TSSA, Rosser was a magistrate and was Chairman of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in 1997-98

 

Michael McIntyre (politician) - He stood as the Conservative Party candidate for North Tyneside in the 1997 General Election but lost to the Labour Party candidate, Stephen Byers, by over 25,000 votes


2001

Combined with a Conservative opposition that had yet to organise effectively under William Hague, and the continuing popularity of Blair, Labour went on to win the 2001 election with a similar majority, dubbed the "quiet landslide" by the media add something


2002

Sunday Herald - This included lobbying senior Labour Party politicians at their September 2002 conference in Blackpool


2003

The 2003 Labour Party Conference accepted legal advice that the party could not continue to prohibit residents of the province joining, and whilst the National Executive has established a regional constituency party it has not yet agreed to contest elections there add something

 

Scottish Labour Party - McLeish felt his resignation would allow the Scottish Labour Party a clean break to prepare for the 2003 Parliamentary elections


2004

In recent years this link has come under increasing strain, with the RMT being expelled from the party in 2004 for allowing its branches in Scotland to affiliate to the left-wing Scottish Socialist Party add something

 

Jeremy Clarkson - He has often criticised the Labour Governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, especially the 'ban' culture, frequently fixating on the bans on smoking and 2004 ban on fox hunting

 

United Kingdom Independence Party - In late 2004, the mainstream UK press speculated on if or when the UKIP MEP, former Labour Party MP and chat-show host Robert Kilroy-Silk would take control of the party


2005

At the 2005 election, Labour was re-elected for a third term, but with a reduced majority of 66 add something

 

Andrew Rosenfeld - Before the 2005 General Election he lent £1m to the Labour Party, and was subsequently repaid in full by 2009

 

David Garrard (property developer) - Before the 2005 General Election he provided the Labour Party with a loan of £2,3 million on commercial terms, to be repaid on 28 April 2007

 

Michael McIntyre (politician) - He stood as the Conservative Party candidate for Tynemouth in the 2005 General Election but lost to the Labour Party candidate, Alan Campbell, by over 4,000 votes

 

Danny Alexander - In August 2005 it was revealed that Christopher Haskins, Baron Haskins of Skidby, a Labour peer who was a friend of Alexander, had donated £2,500 to Alexander's campaign; subsequently Haskins was expelled from the Labour party for this action


2006

In a previous study , we argued that in the study for the period 1948 to 2003, we focused on individual expenditure programmes to show that Labour governments had always spent more on health, education and social security while Conservative governments tended to spend more on law and order and defence add something

 

Walter Wolfgang - In 2006 he was chosen and elected as one of the Grassroots Alliance slate of candidates standing for election to the Labour Party's National Executive Committee, stating that he would be campaigning on a platform of opposition to the war on Iraq, rejecting the Royal Navy's Trident missile program, and making the Party more democratic

 

Tony Blair announced in September 2006 that he would quit as leader within the year, though he had been under pressure to quit earlier than May 2007 in order to get a new leader in place before the May elections which were expected to be disastrous for Labour add something


2007

Scottish Labour Party - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament election the Scottish Labour Party fell back to become the second largest party, with a lower share of the vote and with one fewer seat than the Scottish National Party , who subsequently formed a minority government

 

Scottish Labour Party - On 17 August 2007, Wendy Alexander formally launched her campaign for the leadership of the Labour Party in Holyrood


2008

The 2008 Labour Party Conference was the first at which affiliated trade unions and Constituency Labour Parties did not have the right to submit motions on contemporary issues that would previously have been debated add something

 

J. K. Rowling - I believe that poor and vulnerable families will fare much better under the Labour Party than they would under a Cameron-led Conservative Party.

 

Between January and March 2008, the Labour Party received just over £3 million in donations and were £17 million in debt; compared to the Conservatives' £6 million in donations and £12 million in debt add something

 

Scottish Labour Party - During a TV interview on 4 May 2008, Wendy Alexander performed a major U-turn on previous Scottish Labour Party's policy by seeming to endorse a referendum on Scottish independence, despite previously refusing to support any referendum on the grounds that she did not support independence

 

Scottish Labour Party - On 28 June 2008, Wendy Alexander announced her resignation as Leader of the Scottish Labour Party, due to pressure on her following the donation scandal

 

Scottish Labour Party - On 1 August 2008, the contest for the new Leader of the Scottish Labour Party began


2009

Constituency Labour Party - The Labour Party in Northern Ireland has, since February 2009, been organised as a province-wide Constituency Labour Party which is yet to contest elections

 

David Richards (British Army officer) - Allegations surfaced in September 2009 of a Labour Party plot to smear the general because his daughter worked for the Conservative Party


2010

Having won 258 seats in the 2010 general election, the party currently forms the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom add something

 

On 10 May 2010, after talks to form a coalition with the Liberal Democrats broke down, Gordon Brown announced his intention to stand down as Leader before the Labour Party Conference but a day later resigned as both Prime Minister and party leader add something

 

Harriet Harman became the Leader of the Opposition and acting Leader of the Labour Party following the resignation of Gordon Brown on 11 May 2010, pending a leadership election subsequently won by Ed Miliband add something

 

In September 2010 the party reported a surge of 32,000 new members since the general election; at the end of 2011 this figure had reached 65,000 new members add something

 

Scottish Labour Party - In September 2010, the party issued 13,135 ballot papers to party members during the Labour Party leadership election

 

Kay Burley - On 9 September 2010, Burley interrupted Labour MP Chris Bryant during an interview regarding developments in the News of the World phone hacking affair with the words, "No, no, no, you can't say that, sir

 

The party had 193,961 members on 31 December 2010 according to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission, which was up from 156,205 the previous year add something


2011

However at the same time, Labour lost a number of MSPs moving backwards in the 2011 Scottish Parliament election add something

 

These ideas have been given an endorsement by Ed Miliband who in 2011 wrote the preface to a book expounding Blue Labour's positions add something

 

This period has to date witnessed some revival in fortunes for the party with Labour gaining a large number of council seats in both the 2011 add something

 

Scottish Labour Party - Following the 2011 Scottish election, Ed Miliband commissioned a review of the future structure and operation of the Labour Party in Scotland, co-chaired by Jim Murphy MP and Sarah Boyack MSP.

 

Constituency Labour Party - LCFs replaced Local Government Committees in Autumn 2011 as part of the Labour Party's Refounding Labour agenda

 

Debbie Abrahams won the subsequent by-election on 13 January 2011 for Labour add something

 

The MP for Inverclyde David Cairns died on 9 May 2011 add something

 

He was replaced as MP for Inverclyde in the by-election held on 30 June 2011 add something

 

Following the death of the MP for Feltham and Heston, Alan Keen, on 10 November 2011, the seat was won by Seema Malhotra at the by-election on 15 November 2011 add something


2012

The party's performance held up in local elections in 2012 with Labour consolidating its position in the North and Midlands, while regaining some ground in Southern England add something

 

Marsha Singh resigned as MP for Bradford West on 28 February 2012 due to ill-health add something

 

On 9 March 2012 the Labour Party announced its new senior management team add something

 

On 29 March 2012, the seat was won by George Galloway of the Respect Party add something

 

On November 15, 2012, Labour won the previously Conservative held seat of Corby in a by-election following the resignation of the previous MP Louise Mensch add something


2013

However, in February 2013, the Labour party was downgraded to observer membership status, "in view of ethical concerns, and to develop international co-operation through new networks" add something

 

In June 2013, the party announced that its NEC would be taking direct control of the candidate selection process for Falkirk because of "concern about the legitimacy of members qualifying to participate in the selection of a Westminster candidate" add something


2014

The party edged out the Conservatives in the May 2014 European parliamentary elections winning 20 seats versus the Conservatives 19 add something


2015

The resultant row has so far caused the suspension of two local party members, the resignation of Deputy Leader Tom Watson MP as Labour's 2015 election strategist, and the forwarding by Ed Miliband of the NEC internal report into the situation to Police Scotland add something

 

Though he had already been suspended because of the charge, the resignation forced Labour to begin looking for a new parliamentary candidate for the constituency ahead of the United Kingdom general election, 2015 add something

 

The most recent leader of the party was Ed Miliband, who resigned on 8 May 2015 add something

 

Red - In August 2015, prior to the 2015 leadership election, the Labour Party reported 299,755 full members, 189,703 affiliated members , and 121,295 registered supporters add something

 

On 12 September 2015, Jeremy Corbyn was announced as the new party leader as result of the 2015 Labour leadership election add something

 

Since 12 September 2015, the Leader of the Labour Party has been Jeremy Corbyn MP add something

 

In December 2015 a meeting of the members of the Labour Party in Northern Ireland decided unanimously to contest the elections for the Northern Ireland Assembly held in May 2016 add something


2016

On 11 July 2016 an official leadership election was called as Angela Eagle launched a challenge against Corbyn add something

 

She was soon joined by rival challenger Owen Smith, prompting Eagle to withdraw on 19 July 2016 in order to ensure there was only one challenger on the ballot add something


2017

Following the party's decision to support the European Union Bill 2017, at least three shadow cabinet ministers, all representing constituencies which voted to remain in the EU, resigned from their position as a result of the party's decision to invoke Article 50 under the bill add something

 

On 18 April 2017, the Prime Minister Theresa May announced she would seek an unexpected snap election on 8 June 2017 add something

 

In May 2017, according to study and analysis from an edition of Loughborough University's Centre for Research in Communication and Culture weekly reports into national news reporting of the election, a "considerable majority" of the reports on Labour are critical of Labour, its leader and its manifesto, whereas newspapers are being far more balanced in their coverage of the Conservatives with positive and negative reporting balancing each other out add something


2018

Whereas Conservatives campaigned for a surplus on all government spending, including investment, by 2018-19, Labour stated it would balance the budget, excluding investment, by 2020 add something

 

In September 2018 polls by YouGov and ICM Research both suggest Labour could make substantial gains by supporting a second referendum on Brexit add something


2019

On 18 February 2019, the MPs Chuka Umunna, Luciana Berger, Chris Leslie, Angela Smith, Mike Gapes, Gavin Shuker and Ann Coffey all left the Labour Party, forming The Independent Group, in protest at Corbyn's handling of Brexit and anti-semitism add something

 

In July 2019, the Party announced further changes to disciplinary processes and issued educational materials on the subject add something