Lancia Delta
Lancia Beta
Markku Alen
(Auto racing)
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia 037

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &Lancia



Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia which became part of the Fiat Group in 1969 add

Category: Business (14)

Founded in 1969.

Countries: Italy (28%), (23%), United Kingdom (10%)

Main connections: Fiat, Lancia Delta, Lancia Beta

Linked to: Fiat, Chrysler, Ferrari, Gruppo Bertone




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Fiat launched a take-over bid in October 1969 which was accepted by Lancia as the company was losing significant sums of money, with losses in 1969 being 20m add something


During Lancia's dominance of rallying, the company expanded into sports cars in the late 1970s until the mid-1980s add something


The Lancia Stratos was a successful rally car during the 1970s and helped the company to improve its sporting credentials add something


This was not the end of the distinctive Lancia marque, and new models in the 1970s such as the Stratos, Gamma and Beta served to prove that Fiat wished to preserve the image of the brand it had acquired add something


Simo Lampinen - His early victories were in the Saab 96, before being lured to Lancia in 1970 where he continued his winning ways


Bjorn Waldegard - The Alitalia-backed Lancia team of the 1970s frequently choose between star drivers Waldegård and Italian frontrunner Sandro Munari


Prior to the forming of the World Rally Championship, Lancia took the final International Championship for Manufacturers title with the Fulvia in 1972 add something


Lancia Beta - & Lancia had previously utilized the first letter of the Greek alphabet, Alpha, but this was not chosen for the new 1972 Lancia due to the obvious confusion it might cause with Alfa Romeo


Sandro Munari - Also in 1972 Munari claimed his first major rally victory, winning the Monte Carlo Rally in a works Lancia Fulvia


Lancia Beta - Although in the difficult years before the Fiat take-over a number of the engineering staff had left the ailing & Lancia company, Camuffo was still able to pull together a core of Lancia engineers who were tasked with getting the car into production by the end of 1972


Pirelli - In 1974, Pirelli invented the "wide radial tyre", upon a request from the Lancia rally racing team for a tyre strong enough to withstand the power of the new Lancia Stratos


Pirelli - Lancia asked Pirelli for a solution, and in 1974 Pirelli created a wide tyre with a reduced sidewall height like a slick, but with a radial structure


V6 engine - The & Fiat Dino and Dino 246GT were phased out in 1974, but 500 engines among the last built were delivered to Lancia, who was like Ferrari already under the control of Fiat


Raffaele Pinto - For 1975, he moved to & Lancia, where he remained until the end of 1977, driving the legendary Lancia Stratos HF


Bernard Darniche - He won the European Rally Championship in 1976 and 1977 and the French Rally Championship in 1976 and 1978, each time behind the wheel of a Lancia Stratos HF


Antonio Fassina - He won the Italian Rally Championship in 1976 and 1979 driving a Lancia Stratos HF, and again in 1981 behind the wheel of an Opel Ascona


Tom Pryce - Prior to the start of the 1976 season, Pryce and Dave Richards, future head of the Prodrive motorsports engineering company, entered a Lancia Stratos in the Tour of Epynt, a rally event contested by many established rallying names


Osella - The cars ran with Toyota or Lancia engines in the 1976 German and Italian F3 championships without making any great impression


Michele Mouton - In Monte Carlo, she drove the car to seventh place in 1979 and 1980, equalling the result she had achieved in the event in a Lancia Stratos HF in 1978


Lancia Delta - The "' & Lancia Delta"' is a compact luxury car produced by Italian automaker Lancia with the first generation being produced between 1979 and 1994, the second generation running from 1993 until 1999, and the third generation Delta entering production in 2008


Lancia Gamma - When launched at the Geneva show in 1979 there were crowds around the Lancia stand


During the 1980s, the company cooperated with Saab Automobile, with the Lancia Delta being sold as the Saab 600 in Sweden add something


Originally running the Stratos HF in Group 4, as well as a brief interlude with a rare Group 5 version, the car was replaced with the successful Beta Montecarlo Turbo winning the FIA's 1980 World Championship for Makes and 1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes and the 1980 Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft add something


Miki Biasion - Born at Bassano del Grappa, Biasion came to prominence in the early 1980s, winning both the Italian and European Rally Championships in 1983, driving a Lancia 037


Lancia Delta - During the early 1980s the top level of rallying was dominated by the Group B formula, for which Lancia produced the rear-drive 037 and then, when that became obsolete, the Delta S4


Lancia 037 - In 1980 Lancia began designing the 037 to comply with the new FIA Group B regulations that allowed cars to race with relatively few homologation models being built


Lancia Delta - The Lancia Delta earned the European Car of the Year Award in 1980


Lancia Delta - The deal was a part of the 1980s co-operation between the Swedish car manufacturer Saab and the Italian Fiat Group, which includes Lancia and Alfa Romeo in addition to Fiat


In 1982 the team moved up to Group 6 with the LC1 Spyder, followed by the Group C LC2 coupé which featured a Ferrari powerplant in 1983 add something


Sales were comparatively slow and the range was withdrawn at the same time as Fiat in 1982 add something


Markku Alen - In 1982 he debuted the marque's first of two Group B category homologated models, the Lancia 037, a rear-wheel drive car which was, in consequence, a particular performer on the championship's asphalt rounds


Attilio Bettega - In 1982, he joined the & Lancia squad driving the Lancia 037 after some years with Fiat


Lancia 037 - The 1982 season was plagued with retirements for the 037, but the new car did manage to achieve several wins including its first win at the Pace Rally in the UK. The 1983 season was considerably more successful for the 037: Lancia took the 1983 World Rally Championship Constructors' title with Germany's Walter Röhrl and Finland's Markku Alen its principal drivers, despite serious competition from the 4WD Audi Quattro


Markku Alen - Alén's several wins with it in 1983 helped Lancia narrowly pip Audi and their four-wheel drive long wheelbase Quattro to that year's constructors' championship


Lancia 037 - Driven by Markku Alén, Attilio Bettega, and Walter Röhrl, the car won Lancia the manufacturers' world championship in the 1983 season


Walter Rohrl - In 1983, he joined & Lancia to pilot the new, rear-wheel drive Lancia 037, before finally changing his machinery, in 1984, to the four-wheel drive Audi Quattro, an automobile actually incidentally produced in his home state of Bavaria


Hannu Mikkola - A second place in the championship followed in 1984, behind his team-mate Stig Blomqvist, but 1985 saw him compete in only four world rallies, with three retirements and a fourth place, and slip to 22nd in the final standings after the Audi team was overwhelmed by new Group B competition from Peugeot and Lancia


Lancia 037 - For the 1984 Constructors' title defence, Lancia introduced an Evolution 2 version of the 037 with improved engine power, but this was not enough to stem the tide of 4WD competition, losing to Audi in both 1984 championships, and again to the 4WD Peugeot 205 T16 in its final works season in 1985


Attilio Bettega - His last podium was his best one, driving his Lancia to second place at the 1984 Rallye Sanremo


Markku Alen - Indeed it was Alén who was responsible for the car's final victory, on the 1984 Tour de Corse, in a year in which Audi retook both of the title honours, before it was replaced by the four-wheel drive Lancia Delta S4 from the final round, in Great Britain, of the 1985 season


Lancia 037 - Indeed, Alen collected the final 037 win, and the sole one for the E2 model, on the 1984 Tour De Corse, before it was finally pensioned off in the Martini sponsored Lancia factory rally car line-up in favour of its successor, the uniquely supercharged and turbocharged 4WD Delta S4, for the season-ending RAC Rally in Great Britain


The history of the brand in rallying is tainted with tragedy, with deaths of Italian driver Attilio Bettega at the 1985 Tour de Corse in a Lancia 037 and Finnish championship favourite Toivonen in a Lancia Delta S4 at the same rally exactly a year later add something


Lancia Delta - The Lancia Delta S4, which the works team ran immediately prior to the HF 4WD and Integrale models' world championship careers from the season-ending 1985 RAC Rally until the end of the 1986 season, while sharing the same name and appearance, was a Group B race car designed specifically for rallying, and was entirely different from the commercial Delta in terms of construction and performance


Henri Toivonen - The 1985 season started badly when Toivonen crashed his Lancia 037 into a brick wall at the Rally Costa Smeralda, in the European Championship, seriously injuring his back and breaking three vertebrae in his neck


Autobianchi Y10 - The "'Autobianchi Y10"' is a 'designer' city car and economy car manufactured from 1985 to 1995 and marketed under the Lancia brand in most export markets


Henri Toivonen - Toivonen chose to become a full-fledged Lancia driver for the 1985 season


The team's inability to compete against the dominant Porsche 956 and 962 sports cars led it to drop out of sportscar racing at the end of 1986 in order to concentrate on rallying, although private teams continued to enter LC2s with declining results until the early 1990s add something


Markku Alen - Alén remained at Lancia after the abolition of Group B at the end of 1986, and adapted successfully to the replacement Group A formula


Peugeot - In the 1986 season, Vatanen's young replacement Juha Kankkunen beat & Lancia's Markku Alén to the drivers' title and Peugeot took its second manufacturers' title ahead of Lancia


Timo Salonen - Salonen remained at Peugeot for the 1986 season, and finished third in the drivers' championship, behind his new team-mate Juha Kankkunen and Lancia driver Markku Alén


Henri Toivonen - Toivonen, driving a Lancia Delta S4, died in an accident on 2 May 1986 while leading the Tour de Corse rally in Corsica


World Rally Championship - & Lancia was quickest in adapting to the new regulations and controlled the world rally scene with Lancia Delta Integrale, winning the constructors' title six years in a row from 1987 to 1992


Markku Alen - He won three events in the Lancia Delta HF 4WD in 1987, but lost his chance to take second place in the world driver's championship after rolling his car in front of the TV cameras on the 1987 RAC Rally


Alex Fiorio - In the 1987 season, Fiorio continued with Jolly Club and competed in a Group N Lancia Delta HF 4WD in six events


Lancia Delta - Despite the fact that the 8v Integrale had dominated the 1988 World Rally Championship, Lancia knew that further development, and particularly more power, was needed to keep the car competitive with newer rivals


Alex Fiorio - Driving the dominant & Lancia Delta Integrale for the Lancia "B-team" Jolly Club, he finished third in the drivers' world championship in 1988 and second in 1989


Gustavo Trelles - He competed actively in the World Rally Championship from 1988 to 1993, mainly with a Lancia Delta Integrale, and from 1996 to 2002, mainly with a Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution


Jorge Recalde - He was the only Argentine to have won the Rally Argentina, doing so in a Lancia Delta Integrale in 1988, becoming the only Argentine to win a World Rally Championship round


Bruno Saby - His only other win was with Lancia in the 1988 Monte Carlo Rally


Bruno Saby - In the 1988 French Rallycross Championship he drove a Lancia Delta S4 to become the runner-up to Champion Guy Fréquelin who drove a Peugeot 205 Turbo 16 Evo 2


Lars-Erik Torph - After just turning 28, Torph and his co-driver Bertil-Rune Rehnfeldt died while spectating the 1989 Monte Carlo Rally, after Lancia driver Alex Fiorio lost control of his Delta Integrale and crashed into them


Didier Auriol - For 1989 he moved to the Martini & Lancia team, where he remained for four seasons, driving three successive versions of the then-dominant Lancia Delta Integrale


Lancia Delta - The Toyota remained unreliable for the first part of the 1989 season, however, and Lancia, with Biasion and Auriol the lead drivers, were able to pull out a substantial championship lead


During the 1990s, all models were closely related to other Fiat models add something


Lancia stopped producing RHD cars during the 1990s with the Y10 ceasing in 1993, Dedra and Thema in 1994 and Delta in 1995 add something


Juha Kankkunen - By the time Kankkunen had taken the long-awaited win for Toyota, he had already signed a deal to reacquaint himself with Lancia for the 1990 season


Alex Fiorio - In 1990, Fiorio drove to his last podium finish with a Lancia factory team Delta Integrale 16V in Australia


Carlos Sainz - In the 1990 season, Sainz drove his GT-Four to victory at the Acropolis Rally, at the Rally New Zealand, at the 1000 Lakes Rally, as the first non-Nordic driver, and at the RAC Rally, claiming his first world drivers' title, ahead of Lancia's Didier Auriol and Kankkunen, ending the Italian marque's domination of the drivers' world championship since the advent of the Group A era of the sport in 1987


V8 engine - In the 1990s, Lancia Thema had 3 L V8


Lancia Lybra - On the other hand, it wasn't as edgy as the Lancia Thesis and later models, and still carried many references to 1990s Lancias, such as the shape of the grille, or the treatment of the upper body section of the wagon


Juha Kankkunen - After a two-year stint back at Toyota, he returned to Lancia and won a record third title in 1991


Miki Biasion - He failed to win an event for Lancia in 1991, and switched to Ford for 1992 on a contract that made him the highest-paid driver of his day, and gave him some managerial input


Lancia Delta - However, it represented the most that could be extracted from a design that was fundamentally outdated and, with no successor planned, Lancia officially withdrew from rallying at the end of 1991


Lancia Delta - The 1991 season saw another close battle between Toyota and Lancia


Carlos Sainz - Aboard the new ST185 Toyota Celica in the 1992 season, in a year that would prove the last for the foreseeable future for Lancia, Sainz managed to score memorable victories on the Safari Rally and on his home asphalt round, the Rally Catalunya


Juha Kankkunen - After Lancia withdrew from the WRC after the 1992 season, Kankkunen rejoined Toyota to drive the Toyota Celica GT-Four ST185 with which Sainz had defeated him last year


Lancia Delta - During the latter part of the season, Lancia developed the Evoluzione version of the Delta, sometimes nicknamed the 'Deltona' or 'Super Delta,' which would début on the 1992 Monte Carlo


Autobianchi - The Desio plant was finally closed in 1992 and with the Y10 being replaced by the Lancia Ypsilon , the Autobianchi brand disappeared altogether in 1996


Janne Tuohino - By the end of 1994 he was driving in Lancia Delta in which he competed most of his Finnish rallies


Lancia Kappa - It replaced the Thema as Lancia's flagship model in 1994 and was itself replaced by Lancia Thesis in 2001


Gruppo Bertone - Meanwhile, Nuccio Bertone did not turn his back on a past dedicated to bodywork and continued to design working prototypes; the Karisma in 1994, a four-seater berlinetta on a Porsche base, the Kayak in 1995, a coupé on a Lancia K base, the Slalom 'coupé de chasse' on an Opel Calibra base, and the Enduro 4x4, a SUV on a Fiat Brava floorpan


Autobianchi Y10 - Sales in the United Kingdom were not so strong, though it remained on sale until Lancia's withdrawal from the British market in 1994


Lancia Ypsilon - Between 1995 and 2005 Lancia produced, in the Melfi factory, more than 870,000 Ypsilons


Autobianchi - The marque survived in Italy until the end of the Y10's production in 1995, but became extinct elsewhere when the model was rebranded as a Lancia in 1989


Lancia Ypsilon - The "' & Lancia Ypsilon"' is a luxury supermini produced by Italian automaker Lancia since 1996


Lancia Thesis - Its appearance was based on the 1999 Lancia Dialogos prototype


Lancia Delta - The Delta was dropped from Lancia's lineup in 1999, with no immediate successor


Lancia Lybra - The "' & Lancia Lybra"' is a compact executive car produced by Italian Fiat Auto's upscale marque Lancia between 1999 and 2005


Lancia Gamma - Pressure cast in alloy with wet cylinder liners, the engine was extremely light and though it only produced , in line with traditional Lancia thinking it generated a huge amount of torque, most of which was available at just 2000 rpm


More recently, the company displayed the Nea in 2001, the Granturismo and Fulvia concepts in 2003, and a non-Lancia company proposed a new Stratos in 2005 add something


Lancia Thesis - The "' & Lancia Thesis"' is an executive car produced by Italian automaker Lancia between 2001 and 2009


World Rally Championship - "Rally Trophy", released in 2001 for Microsoft Windows by Bugbear, concentrated on historic cars such as Alpine A110 and Lancia Stratos


Didier Auriol - He was a factory candidate for Lancia, &Toyota and Peugeot among others, before losing his seat at ?koda at the end of 2003


Lancia Ypsilon - Introduced in 2003 the "'Ypsilon"' us the car to access the Lancia range, has been designed to meet the needs of the young audience, and over time has found numerous acclaim especially by the female audience


Lancia Ypsilon - In September 2003, after nearly eight years of career and just over 800,000 products, debuted its successor, the Lancia Ypsilon, since replaced by 'the following year


Lancia Ypsilon - The car uses a three-door body length of about 3,78 meters and features a stylish design loosely based on the historic Lancia Ardea, this style has opened a new family feeling which was taken from the house with the models of Chivasso Musa and Delta launched in 2004 and 2008


In November 2005, over 10 years since Lancia left RHD markets, rumours started to surface that Lancia were to return to the United Kingdom, to rival "affordable" prenium makes, such as Saab and Volvo, but in September 2006, it was officially announced that they were planning to return to the United Kingdom add something


Lancia Ypsilon - The first drawings of the new generation are developed in late 2006 and early 2007 by the & Lancia Style Centre, directed by Alberto Dilillo, well before the alliance between Fiat and Chrysler, the final model takes only a few read the changes from the original model especially in the grille that recalls the style of most Chrysler with horizontal slats abandoning the two lobes of the Lancia grille with vertical slats


Lancia Delta - In September 2006 Lancia officially announced the revival of the Delta name, with new cars to be built on the Fiat C platform, as reported in "CAR Magazine"


Lancia Delta - The Lancia brand was reintroduced to the Scandinavian, Russian and Turkish markets in 2007


Lancia Musa - The Musa's evolution is available from October 2007 in & Lancia dealers, with larger boot and the new Lancia logo, bigger and clear; innovative optionals as the Blue&Me , new body colours and equipment and a VIP treatment


A small family car unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show add something


Lancia Musa - In 2008 for Italian market Lancia introduce the new EcoChic version with 1,4 Fire 8v dual power engine


Lancia Delta - The 2008 Lancia Delta passed the Euro NCAP car safety tests with following ratings:


Lancia Delta - The new Lancia Delta was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show


The relaunch date was set for summer 2008, but in April 2008, this was delayed by a year add something


In December 2008, it was announced that Fiat were to cancel Lancia's United Kingdom relaunch, due to financial concerns add something


In 2009, following Fiat's acquisition of a stake in United States-based & Chrysler and part of Chrysler's restructuring plans, it was stated that Fiat plans for the Chrysler brand and Lancia to codevelop products, with some vehicles being shared add something


In 2009, the British motoring television show "Top Gear" suggested that Lancia had more 'great' models than any other car company add something


Lancia Delta - Commercial ambitions for the car appear more cautious than for earlier Deltas: British press reports nevertheless highlighted plans for the new Delta to spearhead a return by & Lancia to the UK market during 2009, coinciding with Lancia's centenary


Lancia Musa - In 2009 Lancia introduced the Stop&Start with the new 1,4 Fire 16v engine and the new 1,2 Multijet II Euro 5 version with


Daimler AG - Since Chrysler's 2009 bankruptcy filing in the United States, Chrysler has been controlled by Italian automaker Fiat, which unlike Daimler plans to integrate Chrysler's products into the Fiat portfolio, most notably Lancia and Chrysler's namesake brand


Olivier Francois, Lancia's CEO, took over as CEO of the Chrysler division in October 2009 add something


Chrysler - Olivier Francois, Lancia's CEO, was appointed to the Chrysler division in October 2009


At the 2010 Detroit Auto Show, a Chrysler-badged Lancia Delta was on display, but this has not resulted in sales in the USA, with proposals to modify an Alfa Romeo being considered instead for sale by 2013 add something


A convertible unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, which is based on the Chrysler 200 add something


A minivan unveiled in 2011, which is based on the Chrysler Town & Country add something


An executive car unveiled in 2011, which is a re-branded second generation Chrysler 300, and replaced the Thesis add something


In 2011, Lancia moved in a new direction and added new models manufactured by Chrysler and sold under the Lancia badge in many European markets add something


The Ypsilon is a supermini car produced from 2011, It is based on an updated Fiat 500 platform add something


Elisabetta Canalis - After the first lady Carla Bruni she is the 2011 Lancia's testimonial; she promoted in a spot recorded in New York the new city limousine Musa "5th Avenue"


Lancia Ypsilon - At the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, Lancia debut with the Ypsilon Diamond concept cars, which anticipates release of a luxury model


Lancia Ypsilon - In 2011 Lancia introduced the final version called Ypsilon Unyca


Chrysler Voyager - Since 2011, the Voyager is sold under the Lancia badge in Europe to strengthen the Chrysler-Lancia integration


Chrysler Voyager - All Voyagers sold from October 2011 onwards in continental Europe are sold under the Lancia brand


Chrysler Voyager - Beginning in October 2011, they were exported and sold as the & Lancia Voyager in most European markets, as Chrysler operations were merged with those of Lancia in many European countries


Lancia Ypsilon - The production of the second generation Lancia Ypsilon ended on 23 November 2011 because Fiat Group closed Termini Imerese factory where the Ypsilon was assembled


Lancia sponsored the Venice Film Festival for five years, ending in 2012, with the Lancia Thema used to transport stars to the festival add something


January 2014, Sergio March ionne CEO of the Fiat Group, announced that Lancia won't export cars anymore, being Italy the only market where Lancia would be available add something


In June 2014 it was announced that outside Italy Lancia would cease to exist; only within Italy the Lancia models will still be offered add something


In March 2015, Fiat Group announced that in 2017, Chrysler would be axed in the United Kingdom add something


June 2016 after earlier industry-leading experiments with $V8 (V8_engine) and V12 engine configurations add something