Knowledge Identifier: +Laurence_Olivier
Category: Movies & TV
Born in 1907.
Countries: United Kingdom (60%), United States (19%), (4%)
Linked to: American Film Institute, Central School of Speech and Drama, St Christopher School, Letchworth, St Edward's School, Oxford
In 1926, he joined The Birmingham Repertory Company.
Jill Esmond - In 1928 she appeared in the production of "Bird in the Hand" where she met fellow cast member Laurence Olivier for the first time
His stage breakthrough was in Noel Coward's Private Lives in 1930, followed by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet in 1935, alternating the roles of Romeo and Mercutio with John Gielgud.
Donald Crisp - Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, he appeared in a wide range of roles alongside some of the era's biggest stars, including Katharine Hepburn in "The Little Minister" , Charles Laughton and Clark Gable in "Mutiny on the Bounty" , Bette Davis and Henry Fonda in "That Certain Woman" , Laurence Olivier in "Wuthering Heights" , Errol Flynn in "The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex" and "The Sea Hawk" and Gregory Peck in "The Valley of Decision"
Lewis Gilbert - In 1933, at the age of 13, he had a role in Victor Hanbury's and John Stafford's "Dick Turpin", and at age 17 a small uncredited role in "The Divorce of Lady X" opposite Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier saw Vivien Leigh in The Mask of Virtue in 1936, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance.
In 1939, Olivier starred in a production of No Time for Comedy, by S.N. Behrman in a Katharine Cornell production with them both in leading roles.
Max Adrian - He appeared in several British films in the 1940s, before playing the Dauphin in the Laurence Olivier production of "Henry V"
Paul Scofield - Scofield began his stage career in 1940 with a debut performance in "Desire Under the Elms" at the Westminster Theatre, and was soon being compared to Laurence Olivier
In 1944 he and fellow actor Ralph Richardson were released from their naval commitments to form a new Old Vic Theatre Company at the New Theatre with a nightly repertory of three plays, initially Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt, Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man and Shakespeare's Richard III, rehearsed over 10 weeks to the accompaniment of German V1 'doodlebugs'.
In 1945 Olivier and Richardson were made honorary Lieutenants with ENSA, and did a six-week tour of Europe for the army, performing Arms and the Man, Peer Gynt and Richard III for the troops, followed by a visit to the Comedie-Française in Paris, the first time a foreign company had been invited to play on its famous stage.
In 1947 Olivier was made a Knight Bachelor and by 1948 he was on the Board of Directors for the Old Vic Theatre, and he and Leigh embarked on a tour of Australia and New Zealand to raise funds for the theatre.
Trevor Howard - In 1947, he was invited by Laurence Olivier to play Petruchio in an Old Vic production of "The Taming of the Shrew"
The enterprise, with John Burrell as manager, eventually extended to five acclaimed seasons ending in 1949, after a prestigious 1948 tour of Australia and New Zealand.
Jean Marsh - During the 1950s and 1960s, Marsh made many appearances on British and American television including an episode of "The Twilight Zone" called "The Lonely" , in which she played Alicia, a very lifelike and attractive female robot; "The Moon and Sixpence" opposite Laurence Olivier and Denholm Elliot; "The Wonderful World of Disney" ; "Gideon's Way" ; "I Spy" ; "The Saint" ; and "UFO"
They took the productions to New York, where they performed a season at the Ziegfeld Theatre into 1952.
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence - Actors who have played George on screen include Sir John Gielgud in Laurence Olivier's 1955 film, Nigel Hawthorne in Richard Loncraine's 1995 version, and on Television, Patrick Garland, Charles Kay and Paul Jesson in BBC filming of the War of the Roses cycles in 1960, 1965, and 1983 respectively
Clive Morton - In 1955, he appeared in Laurence Olivier's "Richard III" and is recalled by fans of "Doctor Who" for his role as Trenchard in "The Sea Devils" in 1972
Vivien Leigh - Kenneth Tynan ridiculed Leigh's performance opposite Olivier in the 1955 production of "Titus Andronicus", commenting that she "receives the news that she is about to be ravished on her husband's corpse with little more than the mild annoyance of one who would have preferred foam rubber
Tony Richardson - Then in 1957 he directed Laurence Olivier as Archie Rice in Osborne's next play "The Entertainer", again for the Royal Court
In 1958, considering her marriage to be over, Leigh began a relationship with the actor Jack Merivale, who knew of Leigh's medical condition and assured Olivier he would care for her.
Robert Mulligan - In 1959 he won an Emmy *award for directing "The Moon and Sixpence", a made-for-television production that marked the American small-screen debut of Laurence Olivier
Later, in 1960, Tony Richardson directed the screen version with Olivier and Plowright repeating their stage roles.
Anthony Quinn - He appeared on Broadway to great acclaim in Becket, as King Henry II to Laurence Olivier's Thomas_Becket in 1960.
Dezo Hoffmann - He earned international acclaim in the 1960s, shooting photographs of well known pop and showbiz personalities, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, Charlie Chaplin, Sophia Loren, Marlon Brando, Marilyn Monroe, Laurence Olivier, The Kinks, The Shadows, Tom Jones, Jimi Hendrix, Frank Sinatra, Bob Marley, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Elton John, Omar Sharif and Pink Floyd
Tom Baker - In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Baker was part of Laurence Olivier's National Theatre company and had his first big film break in 1971 with the role of Rasputin in the film "Nicholas and Alexandra"
Maggie Smith - She became a fixture at the Royal National Theatre in the 1960s, most notably for playing Desdemona in "Othello" opposite Laurence Olivier and earning her first Oscar nomination for her performance in the 1965 film version
Arthur Kennedy (actor) - In 1961 he played the title role in "Becket", opposite Laurence Olivier as Henry II.
He became first NT Director at the Old Vic before the South Bank building was constructed with his opening production of Hamlet in October 1963.
Max Adrian - Adrian was one of the original members of Laurence Olivier's National Theatre Company at the Old Vic from 1963, and appeared as Polonius in the opening production of "Hamlet", in which Peter O'Toole played the Prince
Kenneth Tynan - In 1963, Laurence Olivier became the British National Theatre Company's first artistic director
Michael Gambon - He made his film debut in the Laurence Olivier "Othello" in 1965
Ian McKellen - In 1965 he was a member of Laurence Olivier's National Theatre Company at the Old Vic, which led to rôles at the Chichester Festival.
Anthony Hopkins - In 1965, after several years in repertory, he was spotted by Sir Laurence Olivier, who invited him to join the Royal National Theatre.
Olivier's career at the National ended, in his view, in betrayal when the theatre's governorship decided to replace him with Peter Hall in 1973 without consulting him on the choice and not informing him of the decision until several months after it had been made.
In 1975 he appeared as an aging British barrister, opposite Katharine Hepburn, in a British TV production of Love Among the Ruins.
Sean Connery - Apart from The Man Who Would Be King and The Wind and the Lion, both released in 1975, most of Connery's successes in the next decade were as part of ensemble casts in films such as Murder on the Orient Express with Vanessa Redgrave and John Gielgud and A Bridge Too Far co-starring Dirk Bogarde and Laurence Olivier.
Jan Francis - In 1979 she starred in "Dracula" as Mina Van Helsing, opposite Laurence Olivier as Abraham Van Helsing
Finally, in 1983 Olivier played his last great Shakespearean role, King Lear, for Granada Television.
The Laurence Olivier Awards, organised by The Society of London Theatre, were renamed in his honour in 1984.
John Mortimer - Mortimer adapted John Fowles's "The Ebony Tower", starring Laurence Olivier for Granada in 1984
Vanessa Redgrave - She was *awarded the Laurence Olivier *award for Actress of the Year in a Revival in 1984 for "The Aspern Papers"
Scott Glenn - After that he appeared in a gothic horror film "The Keep", action films like "Wild Geese II" opposite Laurence Olivier, "Silverado" , "The Challenge" and drama films like "The Right Stuff" , TV film "Countdown to Looking Glass" , "The River" and "Off Limits" as he alternately played good guys and bad guys during the 1980s
In 1988 Olivier gave his final performance, aged 81, as a wheelchair-bound old soldier in Derek Jarman's film War Requiem.
Sean Bean - " He reunited with the director on "War Requiem" in 1988, which starred Laurence Olivier
Patrick Stewart - For his performances in this play, Stewart has received the Drama Desk *award for Best Solo Performance in 1992 and the Laurence Olivier *award for Best Entertainment for Solo Performance in 1994
Olivier became the first person to direct himself in an Oscar-winning performance, a feat not repeated until Roberto Benigni directed himself to Best Actor of 1998 for "Life Is Beautiful"
In her 2001 autobiography, Joan Plowright wrote, "Larry tended to shower almost everyone he knew with endearments and demonstrative terms of address
Through the use of computer graphics, footage of him as a young man was integrated into the 2004 film "Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow" in which Olivier "played" the villain
A 2007 biography of Olivier, "Lord Larry: The Secret Life of Laurence Olivier", by Michael Munn, claims that Olivier was recruited to be an undercover agent inside the United States for the British government by film producer and MI5 operative Alexander Korda on the instructions of Winston Churchill
Michael Gambon - In 2008 Gambon appeared in the role of Hirst in "No Man's Land" by Harold Pinter in the Gate Theatre, Dublin , opposite David Bradley as Spooner, in a production directed by Rupert Goold, which transferred to the London West End's Duke of York's Theatre, for which roles each received nominations for the 2009 Laurence Olivier *award for Best Actor
Antony Gormley - On 13 March 2011, Gormley was awarded the Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement in Dance for the set design for Babel at Sadler's Wells in collaboration with Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui and Damien Jalet.