Ramon Mercader
Vladimir Lenin
Joseph Stalin
John Dewey
Boris Bazhanov
Soviet Union

See also

Leon Trotsky

Knowledge Identifier: +Leon_Trotsky


Leon Trotsky

Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army add

Category: Politics

Born in 1879.

Countries: United States (38%), Russia (20%), Italy (5%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Ramon Mercader, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin

Linked to: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Harvard University Press, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party




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Leon Trotsky was born in 1879 add something


Trotsky became involved in revolutionary activities in 1896 after moving to Nikolayev. At first a narodnik, he was introduced to Marxism later that year, which he originally opposed. add something


In January 1898, more than 200 members of the union, including Trotsky, were arrested. He spent the next two years in prison awaiting trial. add something


Aleksandra Sokolovskaya - She was Leon Trotsky's first wife in 1899-1902, while the two of them were in prison and in Siberian exile together


In 1900 he was sentenced to four years in exile in Ust-Kut and Verkholensk in the Irkutsk region of Siberia. add something


Vladimir Lenin - It contained contributions from such figures as the Polish Rosa Luxemburg, the Czech-German Karl Kautsky, and a young Ukrainian Marxist, Leon Trotsky, who became a regular contributor from the autumn of 1902


Suzanne La Follette - She had been interested in Russia since the revolution of 1917 and had been in contact with many exiles, including former president, Alexander Kerensky In the 1930s, LaFollette served on the Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky, known as the "Dewey Commission" as secretary to its chairman, philosopher John Dewey


Angelica Balabanoff - She became secretary of the Communist Third International in 1919 and worked alongside Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Grigory Zinoviev, and Emma Goldman, as well as many others


Albert Londres - In 1920, Londres succeeded in entering the USSR, described the nascent Bolshevik regime, profiled Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky and told of the suffering of the Russian people


Vyritsa - On February 14, 1923 Gatchina was renamed Trotsk, and Gatchinsky Uyezd was renamed Trotsky Uyezd, after Leon Trotsky


Sri Lanka leftist parties - The Soviet Union's expulsion of Leon Trotsky from the Communist Party after Lenin's death in 1924 and Stalin's subsequent decision to enter World War II on the Allied side exacerbated these differences, dividing the Communists into Trotskyists and Stalinists


Pierre Naville - He was part of a delegation which visited Leon Trotsky in Moscow in 1927


Karl Kilbom - In 1927, Zinoviev together with Leon Trotsky were expelled from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union


Soviet Union - In October 1927, Grigory Zinoviev and Leon Trotsky were expelled from the Central Committee and forced into exile


Jay Lovestone - As a result of his trip to the Comintern Congress in 1928 where James P. Cannon and Maurice Spector accidentally saw Leon Trotsky's thesis criticizing the direction of the Comintern, Cannon became a Trotskyist and decided to organize his faction in support of Trotsky's position


Theodore Draper - One of those whom he conducted an extensive correspondence was James P. "Jim" Cannon, a midwesterner who was sacked from the organization in 1928 for supporting Leon Trotsky and the Russian "Left Opposition


Boris Bazhanov - In October 1929, Stalin ordered assassin Yakov Blumkin to travel through Paris to the island of Prinkipo in Istanbul, Turkey to assassinate Russian October Revolution leader Leon Trotsky


Herbert Solow (journalist) - During the Great Purges of the 1930s, Solow sided with Leon Trotsky and became acquainted with John Dewey


Bruno Rizzi - During the later 1930s he intervened in the debates involving Leon Trotsky, James Burnham and Yvan Craipeau concerning the nature of the Soviet Union


Bernard Wolfe - Wolfe was educated at Yale University, and worked in the United States Merchant Marine during the 1930s; in 1937 he served briefly as secretary to Leon Trotsky during the latter's exile in Mexico


Jean van Heijenoort - He was a personal secretary to Leon Trotsky from 1932 to 1939, and from until 1947, an American Trotskyist activist


Arne Swabeck - Swabeck visited Leon Trotsky in his exile in Turkey in 1933


Henk Sneevliet - The RSP signed the "Declaration of the Four" in August 1933 along with the International Communist League, led by Leon Trotsky, the OSP and the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany


Konrad Knudsen - In 1935 he invited Leon Trotsky to Norway, and Trotsky initially stayed at his house at Norderhov outside the small city Hønefoss


Johannes R. Becher - In 1935 he was already accused of links with Leon Trotsky


Vladimir Lenin - In his "Diaries in Exile, 1935", Leon Trotsky recollected that Lenin authorised the execution of the Russian Royal Family


Olav Scheflo - When Leon Trotsky lived in exile in Norway in 1935 and 1936, Scheflo strongly defended him against the attacks of the Stalinists and the Norwegian bourgeoisie, although he would never become a real Trotskyists, since he was closer to the Soviet Right Opposition


Carleton Beals - He was a Ford Hall Forum speaker in 1936, and a member of the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky in 1937


Boris Nicolaevsky - The failed negotiations over the Soviet offer to purchase the Marx-Engels Archive and the politically motivated theft from Nicolaevsky's office of Leon Trotsky's archives affected him greatly in 1936


Juliet Stuart Poyntz - In August 1936 the NKVD arrested Putna and accused him of maintaining contacts with Leon Trotsky, from whom he had allegedly received "terrorist directives


George Novack - In 1937-40 Novack served as the secretary of the American Committee for the Defence of Leon Trotsky


Lillian Hellman - In March 1937, Hellman joined a group of 88 U.S. public figures in signing "An Open Letter to American Liberals" that protested an effort headed by John Dewey to examine Leon Trotsky's defense against his 1936 condemnation by the Soviet Union


Maya Plisetskaya - In 1938, her father, Mikhail Plisetski was executed during the Stalinist purges, possibly because he had hired a friend who had been a secretary to Leon Trotsky


Nadezhda Joffe - She was the last person to see Leon Trotsky's first wife, Aleksandra Sokolovskaya, alive in Kolyma in 1938

Leon Trotsky died in 1940 add something


On 27 February 1940, Trotsky wrote a document known as "Trotsky's Testament", in which he expressed his final thoughts and feelings for posterity add something


On 24 May 1940, Trotsky survived a raid on his home by armed Stalinist assassins led by GPU agent Iosif Grigulevich, Mexican painter and Stalinist David Alfaro Siqueiros, and Vittorio Vidale add something


He was assassinated on Stalin's orders in Mexico, by Ramón Mercader, a Spanish-born Soviet agent in August 1940 add something


On 20 August 1940, Trotsky was attacked in his home in Mexico with an ice axe by undercover NKVD agent Ramón Mercader add something


Trotsky was taken to a hospital, operated on, and survived for more than a day, dying at the age of 60 on 21 August 1940 as a result of blood loss and shock add something


Ice axe - A mountaineering ice axe, often referred to as an "ice pick", was used in the assassination of Leon Trotsky by Ramón Mercader in Mexico City in 1940


Pablo Neruda - After the failed 1940 assassination attempt against Leon Trotsky, Neruda arranged a Chilean visa for the Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros who was accused of having been one of the assassination conspirators


Elizabeth Bentley - At the time when he and Bentley met, Golos was involved in planning the assassination of Leon Trotsky, which would take place in Mexico in 1940


Maria Mercader - Her half-brother was Ramón Mercader who became famous as the murderer of Leon Trotsky in 1940, in Mexico


Jake Cooper - In 1940, Jake Cooper was selected by the Socialist Workers Party to go to Mexico City and work as a bodyguard for Leon Trotsky, the exiled Russian Bolshevik leader


Evelyn Reed - In January 1940, she traveled to Mexico to see the exiled Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky and his wife Natalia Sedova


Communist Party USA - In August 1940, after NKVD agent Ramón Mercader killed Leon Trotsky with an ice axe, Browder perpetuated Moscow's fiction that the killer, who had been dating one of Trotsky's secretaries, was a disillusioned follower


American Communist Party - In August 1940, after NKVD agent Ramón Mercader killed Leon Trotsky with an ice axe, Browder perpetuated Moscow's fiction that the killer, who had been dating one of Trotsky's secretaries, was a disillusioned follower


Morning Star (British newspaper) - The newspaper responded to the assassination of Leon Trotsky by a Soviet agent with an article on 23 August 1940 entitled "A Counter Revolutionary Gangster Passes", written by former editor Campbell


Vivienne Goonewardena - There the couple threw themselves into the Quit India Movement and participated in the formation of the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India , a socialist organisation aligned with the ideas of Leon Trotsky and the Fourth International, in April 1942


He was one of the few Soviet political figures who were not rehabilitated by the government under Nikita Khrushchev in the 1950s add something


Joseph Stalin - " translated from German by Ewald Osers, B.I. Publications New Delhi, 1974 The repression of so many formerly high-ranking revolutionaries and party members led Leon Trotsky to claim that a "river of blood" separated Stalin's regime from that of Lenin


In the late 1980s, his books were released for publication in the Soviet Union add something


Above all, beginning in 1989, Trotsky's books, forbidden until 1987, were finally published in the Soviet Union add something


Boris Bazhanov - Bazhanov's notes were discovered in early 1990 by Soviet historian Victor Danilov and used in support of an answer to one of the mysteries of the Bolshevik Revolution: why Leon Trotsky refused Vladimir Lenin's offer to appoint him as heir


It was the subject of a 1993 short play, "Variations on the Death of Trotsky", written by David Ives add something


In the 2002 film "Frida", Trotsky was portrayed by Geoffrey Rush add something


Armando Hart - In January 2005, Armando Hart wrote an article on Joseph Stalin, in which he denounced the ideas of Stalinism and its practice, while defending the ideas of Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Fidel Castro, and Leon Trotsky


Between January and March 2010, the museum received 11,000 visitors, mostly students and foreigners, despite the lack of a coordinated promotional effort add something


Benedetto Croce - According an article of 2012 on " Foreign Affairs", Benedetto Croce is considered among the most modern thinkers from those of the 20th century, along with intellectuals like Isaiah Berlin, Francis Fukuyama and Leon Trotsky