Leonard Wood

Knowledge Identifier: +Leonard_Wood


Leonard Wood

Physician who served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, Military Governor of Cuba and Governor General of the Philippines add

Category: Sciences

Born in 1860.

Countries: United States (49%), Philippines (21%), New Hampshire (8%)

Main connections: Theodore Roosevelt, Cuba, Philippines

Linked to: Georgia Institute of Technology, United States Army, History of the United States Republican Party, University of Georgia




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Leonard Wood was born in 1860 add something


Born in Winchester, New Hampshire, he attended Pierce Academy in Middleborough, Massachusetts and Harvard Medical School, earning an M.D. degree in 1884 as an intern at Boston City Hospital add something


He took a position as an Army contract surgeon in 1885, and was stationed at Fort Huachuca, Arizona add something


Wood participated in the last campaign against Geronimo in 1886, and was awarded the Medal of Honor, in 1898, for carrying dispatches 100 miles through hostile territory and for commanding an infantry detachment in hand-to-hand combat against the Apache add something


He received the rank of captain in 1891 add something


While stationed at Fort McPherson in Atlanta, in 1893, Wood enrolled in graduate school at Georgia Tech, known as the Georgia School of Technology, and became the school's second football coach and, as a player, its team captain add something


Wood was personal physician to Presidents Grover Cleveland and William McKinley through 1898 add something


Adna Chaffee - From late 1898 to May 1900, he served as the chief of staff to the military governor of Cuba, General Leonard Wood, being promoted to Colonel of regulars in May 1899


Bacardi - In 1899 US General Leonard Wood appointed Emilio Bacardí Mayor of Santiago de Cuba


In 1902, he proceeded to the Philippines, where he commanded the Philippines Division and later became commander of the Department of the East add something


Bay of Pigs Invasion - On 20 May 1902, a new independent government proclaimed the foundation of the Republic of Cuba, with U.S. Military governor Leonard Wood handing over control to President Tomás Estrada Palma, a Cuban-born American citizen


He was present at the 1906 First Battle of Bud Dajo add something


Leonard Wood was portrayed in a less favorable light by Mark Twain and others for his part in the First Battle of Bud Dajo in 1906 add something


Spanish-American War - Wood had known Theodore Roosevelt well before the Spanish-American War. Wood was named Army Chief of Staff in 1910 by President Taft, whom he had met while both were in the Philippines; he remains the only medical officer to have ever held that position add something


He had initially been diagnosed in 1910 with a benign meningioma brought on by exposure to experimental weapons refuse add something


In 1914, Wood was replaced as Chief of Staff by William Wotherspoon add something


In 1915, he published "The Military Obligation of Citizenship", and in 1916 add something


Quentin Roosevelt - In 1915 Major General Leonard Wood, a friend of Theodore Roosevelt since the Rough Rider days, organized a summer camp at Plattsburg, New York, to provide military training for business and professional men at their own expense


J. Franklin Bell - In the early spring of 1917, Bell was transferred to the Department of the East at Fort Jay, Governors Island in New York City , and as commander of that department, assuming responsibility for Officers' Training Camps created by his predecessor, Leonard Wood, at Plattsburgh, Madison Barracks, and Fort Niagara


He was urged into running by the family and supporters of his old friend Theodore Roosevelt, who had himself been considering another campaign before his illness and death in 1919 add something


Warren G. Harding - In 1919, the first candidate to declare for the GOP nomination was General Leonard Wood.


Alexander Mitchell Palmer - In September and October 1919, General Leonard Wood led U.S. military forces against striking steel workers in Gary, Indiana


Wood was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican presidential nomination in the election of 1920 add something


Gaspar G. Bacon - In 1920, he was a supporter of Leonard Wood's campaign for the Republican nomination for president and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention that year


He retired from the Army in 1921, and was made Governor General of the Philippines, in which capacity he served from 1921 to 1927 add something


Eulogio Rodriguez - He was appointed mayor of Manila by Governor General Leonard Wood on July 23, 1923, and later served as Representative of Nueva Vizcaya District from February 1924 to May 1925


Epifanio de los Santos - He was appointed Director of the Philippine Library and Museum by Governor General Leonard Wood in 1925

Leonard Wood died in 1927 add something


John A. Hull - In 1927, it was thought he would succeed Leonard Wood as Governor-General of the Philippines, but Coolidge instead chose past and future cabinet member Henry L. Stimson


Mike Coffman - His father served in the United States Army at Fort Leonard Wood, and after 1964, at Fitzsimons Army Medical Center in Aurora, Colorado.


He is portrayed favorably in the 1997 miniseries "Rough Riders" by actor and former United States Marine Dale Dye add something


On March 11, 2012, in an interview on the television program "Fox News Sunday", presidential candidate Newt Gingrich said of his opponent Mitt Romney, "The fact is that Romney is probably the weakest Republican frontrunner since Leonard Wood in 1920, and Wood ultimately lost on the 10th ballot add something