Knowledge Identifier: +Leopold_Stokowski
Born in 1882.
Countries: United States (31%), (20%), Russia (7%)
Linked to: Capitol Records, Royal College of Organists, The Queen's College, Oxford, University of Pennsylvania Glee Club
Nicolas Slonimsky, editor of "Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians", received a letter from a Finnish encyclopedia editor that said, "The Maestro himself told me that he was born in Pomerania, Germany, in 1889
He studied at the Royal College of Music, where he first enrolled in 1896 at the age of thirteen, making him one of the youngest students to do so
He attended The Queen's College, Oxford, where he earned a Bachelor of Music degree in 1903
In 1908, Stokowski began a campaign to win this position, writing letters to Mrs. Christian R. Holmes, the orchestra's president, and traveling all the way to Cincinnati, Ohio, for a personal interview
His first wife was the American concert pianist Olga Samaroff , to whom he was married from 1911 until 1923
Philadelphia Orchestra - Leopold Stokowski became music director in 1912 and brought the orchestra to national prominence
Elena Gerhardt - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Gerhardt made her American debut at the Carnegie Hall in January 1912, with Paula Hegner, and was in Cincinnati and Philadelphia with Leopold Stokowski , and with the Boston Symphony Orchestra under Max Fiedler, before finally combining there with Nikisch and the London Symphony Orchestra tour
In 1916, Stokowski conducted the American premiere of Mahler's 8th Symphony, "Symphony of a Thousand"
Edward Greenfield in "The Guardian" reported "Stokowski rallied them as though it was a vintage Philadelphia concert of the 1920s"
Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra - He made two LP recordings with them for Columbia Records, one including a performance of Manuel de Falla's "El amor brujo", which he had introduced to America in 1922 and had previously recorded for RCA Victor with the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra in 1946, and a Bach album which featured the 5th Brandenburg Concerto and three of his own Bach transcriptions
Joseph Szigeti - In 1925, Szigeti met Leopold Stokowski and played the Bach "Chaconne in D minor" for him
Georges Baklanoff - New York Public Library for the Performing Arts: "Folder: Philadelphia Civic Opera Company" In 1929 he performed the title role in the United States premiere of Modest Mussorgsky's "Boris Godunov" in a concert version with the Philadelphia Orchestra, soprano Rose Bampton, and conductor Leopold Stokowski
Pictures at an Exhibition - The conductor Leopold Stokowski had introduced Ravel's version to Philadelphia audiences in November 1929; ten years later he produced his own very free orchestration , aiming for what he called a more 'Slavic' orchestral sound instead of Ravel's more 'Gallic' approach
George Copeland - In 1930, he performed in Philadelphia and New York City with the Philadelphia Orchestra led by Leopold Stokowski, offering works of Debussy and De Falla
Stokowski gave the first American performance of Schoenberg's "Gurre-Lieder" in 1932
In 1933, he started "Youth Concerts" for younger audiences, which are still a tradition in Philadelphia and many other American cities, and fostered youth music programs
Nelson Eddy - On March 31, 1933 he performed the role of Gurnemanz in a broadcast of Richard Wagner's opera "Parsifal" with Rose Bampton, conducted by Leopold Stokowski
In 1939, Stokowski collaborated with Walt Disney to create the motion picture for which he is best known: "Fantasia"
Nelson Eddy - He did his first "war effort" concert on October 19, 1939 with Leopold Stokowski for Polish war relief
Bolero - An average performance will last in the area of fifteen minutes, with the slowest recordings, such as that by Ravel's associate Pedro de Freitas Branco, extending well over 18 minutes and the fastest, such as Leopold Stokowski's 1940 recording with the All American Youth Orchestra, approaching 12 minutes
Symphony No. 6 (Beethoven) - The symphony was used in the 1940 animated film "Fantasia", albeit with alterations in the length of the piece made by conductor Leopold Stokowski
Arturo Toscanini - So Leopold Stokowski was engaged on a three-year contract instead and served as the &NBC_Symphony (NBC_Symphony_Orchestra)'s music director from 1941 until 1944
Stokowski conducted a great deal of contemporary music with the NBC Symphony, including the U.S. premiere of Prokofiev's "Alexander Nevsky" in 1943, the world premieres of Schoenberg's Piano Concerto and George Antheil's 4th Symphony, both in 1944, and new works by Alan Hovhaness, Stravinsky, Hindemith, Milhaud, Howard Hanson, William Schuman, Morton Gould and many others
His third wife, from 1945 until 1955, was heiress and actress Gloria Vanderbilt , by whom he had two sons, Leopold Stanislaus Stokowski and Christopher Stokowski
Leonard Bernstein - From 1945 to 1947 Bernstein was the Music Director of the New York City Symphony Orchestra, which had been founded the previous year by the conductor Leopold Stokowski
Gloria Vanderbilt - Her second marriage, to conductor Leopold Stokowski in April 1945, produced two sons, Leopold Stanislaus "Stan" Stokowski, born August 22, 1950 and Christopher Stokowski, born January 31, 1952; they divorced in October 1955
Then in 1946 Stokowski became a chief Guest Conductor of the New York Philharmonic
From 1947 to 1953 Stokowski recorded for RCA Victor with a specially assembled 'ad hoc' band of players drawn principally from the New York Philharmonic and NBC Symphony
Ralph Vaughan Williams - Several other foreign conductors have recorded individual Vaughan Williams symphonies: Dimitri Mitropoulos and Leonard Bernstein both recorded the Fourth Symphony with the New York Philharmonic, the same orchestra with which Leopold Stokowski had made the first recording of the Sixth Symphony in 1949.
Symphony No. 6 (Vaughan Williams) - The first recording of this symphony was made on 21 February 1949 by the New York Philharmonic under Leopold Stokowski, who had been a fellow organ student of Vaughan Williams at the Royal College of Music in the 1890s and was to give the US Premiere of his 9th Symphony in 1958
EMI, which acquired Capitol and Angel Records in the 1950s, has reissued many of Stokowski's Capitol recordings on CD. All of the music that Stokowski conducted in "Fantasia" was released on a 3-LP set by Disneyland Records, in the 1957 soundtrack album made from the film
Carlos Alexander - His 1950 performance, at Carnegie Hall, of Mahler's Eighth Symphony, under Leopold Stokowski, was recorded
George London (bass-baritone) - In 1950 he sang the role of Pater Profundis in Mahler's Eighth Symphony, conducted by Leopold Stokowski
Dimitri Mitropoulos - He was initially co-conductor with Leopold Stokowski and became the sole music director in 1951
Roger Goeb - His Third Symphony was premiered on October 28, 1952 by Leopold Stokowski and the CBC Orchestra, who recorded it two days later for RCA Victor
After the NBC Symphony Orchestra was disbanded as the official ensemble of the NBC radio network, it was re-formed as the Symphony of the Air with Stokowski as notional Music Director, and as such performed many concerts and made recordings from 1954 until 1963
Houston Symphony Orchestra - From 1955 to 1961, Stokowski was the Music Director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra
Although he officially used the Ravel orchestration of the finale to Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" in his 1957 Capitol recording, he did add a few additional percussion instruments to the score
Eugene Ormandy - Ormandy conducted his first stereophonic recordings in 1957; these were not the orchestra's first stereo recordings because Leopold Stokowski had conducted experimental sessions in the early 1930s and multi-track recordings for the soundtrack of Walt Disney's 1940 feature film "Fantasia"
Symphony No. 11 (Shostakovich) - The US Premiere was given by Leopold Stokowski and the Houston Symphony Orchestra on 7 April 1958
Symphony No. 9 (Vaughan Williams) - The critical reception given to the US Premiere of the work under Leopold Stokowski in Carnegie Hall on 25 September 1958 was more favourable
Hugh Maguire (violinist) - Through the LSO 1960 and 1961 International Series and Festival Tours, Maguire led the orchestra under Sir Arthur Bliss , Pierre Monteux, Zoltán Kodály, Leopold Stokowski, Aaron_Copland, Jean Martinon, Colin Davis, Peter Maag, Josef Krips and Antal Dorati, under Georg Solti in Vienna and Benjamin Britten at Aldeburgh
In 1962, at the age of 80, Stokowski founded the American Symphony Orchestra
Charles Ives - Leopold Stokowski took on Symphony No. 4 in 1965, regarding the work as "the heart of the Ives problem"
He continued to appear as a guest conductor on several more occasions, his final Philadelphia Orchestra concert taking place in 1969
Stokowski served as Music Director for the ASO until May 1972 when, at the age of 90, he returned to live in England
His very last public appearance took place during the 1975 Vence Music Festival in the South of France, when, on 22 July 1975, he conducted the Rouen Chamber Orchestra in several of his Bach transcriptions
In 1999, for "Gramophone" magazine, and quoted again in his notes for the Cala CD of Stokowski's recording of Elgar's "Enigma Variations", David Mellor wrote: "One of the great joys of recent years for me has been the reassessment of Leopold Stokowski