Knowledge Identifier: &Liberal_Unionist_Party
Founded in 1886.
Countries: United Kingdom (73%), Ireland (15%), United States (3%)
Linked to: Conservative Party, Liberal Party, British Whig Party, Irish Unionist Party
Relations between the former political colleagues hardened with the return of Gladstone as Prime Minister, following the 1892 General Election
Years later, in 1901, Lloyd George was to go to Birmingham once more but as a fierce critic of Chamberlain and the Boer War.
Despite these tensions, the Liberal Unionists more or less managed to stay together until 1903, when in a surprise move, Chamberlain dramatically launched Tariff Reform with a speech in his Birmingham political homeland
Leo Amery, who later joined the Cabinet and Privy Council as a senior Conservative politician, was originally elected as a Liberal Unionist at a Birmingham South by-election in 1911
He confided to his own family how he always regarded the Conservative party label as 'odious' and thought of it a barrier to people joining what he thought could be a non-socialist but a reforming party during the 1930s which he hoped would be called 'National' to include the parties of the National Government coalition in the 1930s
However in the 2002 film version which starred Judi Dench, Colin Firth, Rupert Everett and Reese Witherspoon - the lines were dropped even though this film re-incorporated episodes and characters in an earlier version of the play that Wilde had been encouraged to drop before the play's first performance