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Connections

California
(Animal)
Phillips Smalley
(Movies & TV)
Claire Windsor
(Movies & TV)
Leatrice Joy
(Movies & TV)
Frances Marion
(Literature)
Tyrone Power, Sr.
(Movies & TV)
Harrison Grey Fiske
(Journalism)
 

See also

Lois Weber

Knowledge Identifier: +Lois_Weber

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Lois Weber

American silent film actress, screenwriter, producer, and director, who is considered [GUI]the most important female director the American film industry has known[GUI], and [GUI]one of the most important and important and prolific film directors in the era of silent films[GUI] add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1879.

Countries: United States (51%), California (13%), New York (13%)

Main connections: California, Phillips Smalley, Claire Windsor

Linked to: United Artists, Balliol College, Oxford, 20th Century Fox, Gaumont Film Company

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Lois Weber.


Lois Weber was born in 1879 add something


1880

"Tenth Census of the United States, 1880" add something


1884

Due to the collapse of her distribution deal with Paramount, Weber was forced to distribute "The Blot" through the F.B. Warren Corporation, a newly formed small independent company that would distribute a film each by Canadian women producers Nell Shipman and May Tully later in 1921 add something


1886

One source even indicates she was born in 1886 add something

 

Soon after the New York city premiere of "The Blot", and in an attempt to salvage their troubled marriage, Weber and Smalley sailed for Europe, with Weber's sister Ethel and her husband, Louis A. Howland , on the "RMS Aquitania" on September 13, 1921, intending to tour Europe and Egypt add something


1900

Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900 add something

 

"Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900" add something


1901

Smalley, who had attended Balliol College, Oxford and was a graduate of Harvard University and had been a lawyer in New York for seven years, and had been a stage actor who made his professional stage debut in August 1901 in Manhattan, and had appeared since in productions of Harrison Grey Fiske and Mrs Fiske, and Raymond Hitchcock add something


1903

By April 1903, Weber was performing as a soprano singer and pianist add something


1904

Weber decided to take up acting about 1904, and moved to New York City , where she took some singing lessons add something

 

After a brief acquaintance, just before her 25th birthday, Weber and Smalley, aged 38, married on April 29, 1904 in Chicago, Illinois add something

 

In 1904, Weber joined the road company of "Why Girls Leave Home", where she became "a musical comedy "prima donna" and melodrama heroine". for example, "The Boston Globe" wrote of her in September 1904 that she "sang two very pretty songs very effectively and won considerable applause" add something

 

Phillips Smalley - Smalley was married to actress, writer, director, and producer Lois Weber from April 29, 1904 to 1922


1906

After initially touring separately from her husband, and accompanying him on his tours, about 1906 Weber left her career in the theater and became a homemaker in New York add something


1908

About 1908, Weber starred in a film she had written called "Hypocrites", which was directed by Blaché add something

 

At the end of the 1908 theatrical season, Smalley joined Weber at Gaumont add something

 

Soon Weber was writing scripts, and in 1908 Weber began directing English language "phonoscènes" at the Gaumont Studio in Flushing, New York add something


1910

In 1910, Weber and Smalley decided to pursue a career in the infant motion picture industry add something

 

Karen Ward Mahar attributes the success of Weber's films of the 1910s to their representation of "the generational conflict of the era" between the traditional view of women and that of the freedoms of the emerging "New Woman and the emergent consumer culture" add something

 

Weber and Smalley had a daughter, Phoebe, named after Smalley's mother, who was born on October 29, 1910, but died in infancy add something


1911

By 1911, Weber and Smalley were working for William Swanson's Rex Motion Picture Company, which was based at 573-579 11th Avenue, New York City add something

 

In 1911, Weber acted in and directed her first silent short film, "A Heroine of '76", sharing the directorial duties with Smalley and Edwin S. Porter add something


1912

Rex continued as a subsidiary of Universal, with Weber and Smalley running it, making one two-reel film each week, until they left Rex in September 1912 add something


1913

In 1913, Weber and Smalley collaborated in directing a ten-minute thriller, "Suspense", based on the play "Au Telephone" by André de Lorde, which had been filmed in 1908 as "Heard over the 'Phone" by Edwin S. Porter add something

 

In late 1913, Weber and Smalley made "The Jews' Christmas", a three-reel silent film that dramatizes the conflict between traditional Jewish values and American customs and values, illustrating the challenges of cultural assimilation, especially the generational conflict over interfaith marriage and the second generation's abandonment of the faith and customs of their ancestors add something

 

Weber has been credited as pioneering the use of the split screen technique to show simultaneous action in her 1913 film "Suspense" add something

 

In March 1913, Weber starred in the first English language version of Oscar Wilde's "The Picture of Dorian Gray", which was produced for the New York Motional Picture Co., directed by Smalley, from an adaptation by Weber, and starred Wallace Reid as Dorian Gray add something

 

"Suspense" was released on July 6, 1913 add something

 

In its assertion of "Melting-pot idealism" by its approval of intermarriage between people of different religions, the film was considered controversial at the time of its release. on December 18, 1913 add something

 

Margarita Fischer - In 1913 she starred in "How Men Propose" written and directed by Lois Weber for Universal which at the time was still based on the east coast


1914

During 1914, Weber made her first major feature, a controversial version of "Hypocrites", a four-reel allegorical drama shot at Universal City, California that she wrote, directed, produced and starred in, addressing social themes and moral lessons considered daring for the time add something

 

In 1914 Bertha Smith estimated Weber's audience at five to six million a week add something

 

In 1914, a year in which she directed 27 movies, Weber became "one of the first directors to come to the attention of the censors" add something

 

One film that illustrates the paradoxical nature of Weber's role and films was her 1914 film "The Spider and Her Web", where she advocates both modesty and maternalism add something

 

She had appeared as Marguerite Edwards in "A Physical Culture Romance" in 1914, and in Weber's "Sunshine Molly" in 1915 add something

 

In February 1914, Universal released the four-reel Rex silent film which was adapted by Weber and Smalley, and was produced, directed, and starred Weber as Portia, and Smalley as Shylock add something

 

In October 1914, Weber transferred from the 23rd Infantry to the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, and became a pioneer aviator during the Pancho Villa Expedition, making him an early bird of aviation add something


1915

In fact, by 1915 Weber was as famous as D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. de Mille add something

 

"Hypocrites" was released finally by Bosworth on January 15, 1915, and premiered at Manhattan's prestigious Longacre Theatre, and was "celebrated as a cultural, artistic, and moral landmark for the film industry", and "praised for its use of multiple exposures and complex film editing" add something

 

In April 1915, Weber and Smalley left Bosworth when the founder left the company due to ill health add something

 

On September 1, 1915, Gantz married Beatrice Wooster Miller add something


1916

By this time, Weber's "idealized collaborative marriage" with Smalley had begun to show signs of deterioration, which was accelerated by the increased focus of critics and journalists on Weber as the dominant filmmaker, at the expense of Smalley, after 1916, add something

 

Despite the predominance of strong women in her films, in 1916 Weber refused to have any association with the women's suffrage movement, possibly because of fears of a backlash from industry leaders add something

 

Starring Mary Maclaren as Eva Meyer, a poverty-stricken shopgirl who supports her family of five, who needs to replace her only pair of shoes, and is so desperate that she sells her virginity for a new pair, it proved to be the most booked Bluebird production of 1916 add something

 

In March 1916, the National Board of Review expressed disapproval of the film for showings to mixed audiences, but later approved it for adult showings add something

 

Released to popular acclaim, it premiered on April 3, 1916 at the Globe Theatre in Manhattan add something

 

"Shoes", a "sociological" film released in June 1916 that Weber directed for the Bluebird Photoplays, was based on the 1912 novel "A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil" by noted social reformer Jane Addams and depicts the struggles of working class women for consumer goods and upward mobility and their dubious sexual activities, including prostitution add something

 

Tyrone Power, Sr. - In 1916 Power played the male lead in "Where Are My Children-", a serious film about birth control and social issues directed by pioneer woman director Lois Weber and her husband Phillips Smalley


1917

In 1917, Weber was the only woman granted membership in the Motion Picture Directors Association, and from 1917 Weber was active in supporting the newly established Hollywood Studio Club, a residence for struggling would-be starlets add something

 

In June 1917 Weber became the first woman director to establish and run her own movie studio when she formed her own production company, Lois Weber Productions, with the financial assistance of Universal add something


1920

By 1920, Weber was considered the "premier woman director of the screen and author and producer of the biggest money making features in the history of the film business" add something

 

Claire Windsor - Claire Windsor's film debut was in the 1920 release of Lois Weber's "To Please One Woman" which was only a modest success

 

Doris Schroeder - During the 1920s, Schroeder specialized in "women's pictures" for such specialized directors as Lois Weber

 

Louis Calhern - He started working in silent films for director Lois Weber in the early 1920s; the most notable being "The Blot" in 1921


1921

In an effort to protect the American film industry, by 1921 Weber advocated the prohibition of the importation of all European films into the United States add something

 

After an advance screening in February 1921, Paramount executives decided not to distribute the fourth film in their arrangement with Weber, "What Do Men Want-" a domestic melodrama about a philandering husband and a faithful wife , and to cancel their arrangement with Weber to distribute her films add something

 

By February 1921, Weber was at the zenith of her career, and regarded "as fearless in the production of her pictures as she once was in her struggle for a living, and her indubitable position is that of one of the best directors of the screen", One newspaper wrote, "Lois Weber is not only the foremost woman director-she's the whole works", and attributed her success to having "a feminine touch lacking in most man-made films" add something

 

After making 13 films, by April 1921, Lois Weber Productions collapsed, and Weber was forced to release all her contracted staff, with the exception of two novice actors add something

 

After reading the articles "Impoverished College Teaching" and "Boycotting the Ministry" in the April 30, 1921 issue of "Literary Digest" about the underpayment of educators and clergy, Weber, with scenarist Marion Orth, crafted a melodramatic narrative to bring the issue to life in "The Blot" add something

 

In May 1921, Weber anticipated the possibility of both color and "three-dimensional films" add something

 

"The Blot" was released on September 4, 1921, but was not well-received critically and did little box office, and vanished after its run add something

 

As part of the deal to distribute "The Blot", F.B. Warren released "What Do Men Want-" After the film's premiere at Manhattan's Lyric Theatre on November 13, 1921, "The New York Times", while praising Weber for her casting and the technical aspects of the film, and the performance of Claire Windsor, dismissed the film as a "simplified sermon" that provided "pat answers" which ignored "the real facts of life", which it considers "incompetent, irrelevant and immaterial" add something

 

In late December 1921, they were in Rome, with plans to travel to the Orient add something


1922

Weber and Smalley returned to the United States on April 7, 1922 add something


1923

After suffering a nervous collapse in 1923, Weber made no movies until 1925 add something

 

Their divorce was made public on January 12, 1923 by the "Los Angeles Examiner" add something

 

The film starring Claude Gillingwater was released on September 17, 1923 add something


1924

She traveled to Europe again and spent time at the Colorado summer home of her friend, novelist Margaretta Tuttle, who had written the novel "Feet of Clay", that was later made into a 1924 film by Cecil B. deMille, saying she would remain on vacation until the censors came to their senses" add something


1925

One of her first "comeback" movies was "The Marriage Clause", which Weber adapted from the short story "Technic" by Dana Burnet in "The Saturday Evening Post" of 16 May 1925 add something

 

After two unsuccessful previews, in 1925 Weber and Maurice Pivar were assigned to edit "The Phantom of the Opera" before its ultimate release in September 1925 add something

 

Leatrice Joy - In 1925, against the advice of studio executives, Joy parted ways with Paramount and followed DeMille to his new film company, Producers Distributing Corporation, and she made a few modestly successful films for the company, including Lois Weber's last silent film "The Angel of Broadway" in 1927


1926

Another of the novels Universal decided to film was Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin", for which Weber completed an adaptation for a film to be directed in 1926 by Harry A. Pollard, who had starred as Uncle Tom in a 1913 version, and was by 1923 Universal's leading director, with nine consecutive hits add something

 

In 1926, Weber signed a new distribution deal with Universal, making her "one of the highest paid women in the business" add something

 

By June 1926, Weber was signed to direct "Sensation Seekers", a romantic drama based on Ernest Pascal's novel "Egypt", that starred Billie Dove add something

 

On June 30, 1926, a justice of the peace married the couple in a ceremony at Enchanted Hill, the home of screenwriter Frances Marion in Santa Ana, California, California add something

 

In November 1926, Weber joined United Artists to direct a comedy film called "Topsy and Eva" based on a popular play of that name written by Catherine Chisholm Cushing and featuring the Duncan Sisters in blackface add something


1927

By 1927, Weber advised young women to avoid filmmaking careers add something

 

However, the advent of sound technology and the demise of silent movies, coupled with some negative reviews and poor box office receipts, ended her comeback in 1927 add something

 

In 1927, Smalley married music teacher Phyllis Lorraine Ephlin add something

 

Weber returned to direct "Sensation Seekers", which was released on March 20, 1927 add something

 

In 1927 De Mille Pictures signed Weber to direct her final silent movie, "The Angel of Broadway", which featured Leatrice Joy, and released on October 3, 1927 add something


1928

When Weber was asked in April 1928 when she might direct again, she replied, "When I find a producer who thinks I have intelligence enough to be let alone and go ahead with my own unit add something


1930

Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930 add something

 

While Weber and Gantz appeared to be enjoying domestic harmony in March 1930, soon after Weber was separated from Gantz and was living with her mother and nephew in Los Angeles add something


1933

In 1933, Universal offered Weber another directing contract, assigning her to Edna Ferber's "Glamour", but she was removed from the project abruptly and it was transferred to a reluctant William Wyler add something

 

In February 1933, Universal signed Weber to scout for new talent and to direct screen tests add something


1935

Gantz relocated to India from 1935 to 1940 on a special assignment for the Maharaja of Baroda, Sayajirao Gaekwad III add something


Lois Weber died in 1939 add something

 

On May 2, 1939, Weber's first husband Phillips Smalley died. and is interred next to his second wife, Phyllis Lorraine Ephlin, in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Hollywood Hills add something

 

In November 1939, Weber was admitted to Good Samaritan Hospital in critical condition, suffering from a stomach ailment that had afflicted her for years add something

 

Almost two weeks later, Weber died penniless on Monday, November 13, 1939, of a bleeding ulcer, with her younger sister Ethel Howland and friends Frances Marion and Veda Terry at her bedside add something


1940

It was first shown on television on Friday, June 21, 1940 on NBC's station W2XBS, but is now considered a lost film add something


1948

Nat King Cole - In August 1948, Cole purchased a house from Col. Harry Gantz, the former husband of Lois Weber, in the all-white Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles


1970

Weber wrote a memoir, "The End of the Circle", which was to have been published shortly before her death, but ultimately was not, despite the efforts of her sister, Ethel Howland, and was later stolen in the 1970s add something


2000

In 2000, the Library of Congress Motion Picture Conservation Center copyrighted a preservation print reconstructed from several incomplete prints add something


2010

FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2010 add something


2011

Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011 add something


2015

University of California Press, May 2015 add something


 

The Buffalo Dreams Fantastic Film Festival gives out the Lois Weber award in her honor since 2017 add something


2019

" Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2019 add something