Louis Armstrong

Knowledge Identifier: +Louis_Armstrong


Louis Armstrong

American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisianaadd

Category: Music (655)

Born in 1901.

Countries: United States (62%), United Kingdom (9%), (8%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Bing Crosby, What a Wonderful World, Jazz

Linked to: The Beatles, Queens College, New York, University, British Royal Family




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Using Roman Catholic Church documents from when his grandmother took him to be baptized, New Orleans music researcher Tad Jones established Armstrong's actual date of birth as August 4, 1901. add something


After dropping out of the Fisk School at age eleven, Armstrong joined a quartet of boys who sang in the streets for money. add something


Nick LaRocca - Rocca's 1917 composition "Tiger Rag" was covered by Louis Armstrong in several different versions throughout his career, while Duke Ellington, Art Tatum, and The Mills Brothers recorded important and influential cover versions of the jazz standard.


Drum kit - In 1918 Baby Dodds, playing on riverboats with Louis Armstrong on the Mississippi, was modifying the military marching set-up and experimenting with playing the drum rims instead of woodblocks, hitting cymbals with sticks , which was not yet common, and adding a side cymbal above the bass drum, what became known as the ride cymbal


In 1919, Joe Oliver decided to go north and resigned his position in Kid Ory's band; Armstrong replaced him. add something


Armstrong was registered as "Lewie" for the 1920 U.S. Census. add something


Lovie Austin - Austin worked with many other top jazz musicians of the 1920s, including Louis Armstrong


Fletcher Henderson - Even though he did not do band arrangements in the 1920s, for a time his ideas of arrangement were heavily influenced by those of Paul Whiteman, but when Louis Armstrong joined his orchestra in 1924 Henderson realized there could be a much richer potential for jazz band orchestration.


Teddy Weatherford - He moved to Chicago, Illinois, where he worked with such bands as that of Erskine Tate through the 1920s and with such jazz notables as Louis Armstrong and Johnny Dodds and impressed the young Earl Hines


In 1922, Armstrong joined the exodus to Chicago, where he had been invited by his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to join his Creole Jazz Band and where he could make a sufficient income so that he no longer needed to supplement his music with day labor jobs. add something


Armstrong made his first recordings on the Gennett and Okeh labels, including taking some solos and breaks, while playing second cornet in Oliver's band in 1923. add something


Sidney Bechet - Some of the highlights of his career include 1923 sides with Louis Armstrong in the Clarence Williams Blue Five; the 1932, 1940, 1941 New Orleans Feetwarmers sides; a 1938 Tommy Ladnier Orchestra session ("Weary Blues", "Really the Blues"); a hit 1938 recording of "Summertime"; and various versions of his own composition, "Petite Fleur".


Armstrong and Oliver parted amicably in 1924. add something


Jazz - Also in 1924 Louis Armstrong joined the Fletcher Henderson dance band as featured soloist for a year


Fletcher Henderson - Henderson was responsible for bringing Louis Armstrong from Chicago to New York in October 1924, thus flipping the focal point of jazz in the history of the United_States (although Armstrong left the band in November 1925 and returned to Chicago).


Armstrong returned to Chicago in 1925 due mostly to the urging of his wife, who wanted to pump up Armstrong’s career and income. add something


Kid Ory - In 1925, Ory moved to Chicago, where he was very active, working and recording with Louis Armstrong, Jelly_Roll_Morton, Joe "King" Oliver, Johnny Dodds, Bessie Smith, Ma Rainey, and many others


Blanche Calloway - In 1925, she recorded two blues songs, which would be promoted as race records, accompanied by Louis Armstrong and Richard M. Jones; the first inception of her Joy Boys orchestra


He began to scat sing and was among the first to record it, on "Heebie Jeebies" in 1926. add something


Luis Russell - Between 1926 and 1934, Russell recorded only 38 sides , plus those issued under Henry "Red" Allen and a handful where Louis Armstrong fronted his band


Victoria Spivey - During a recording career that spanned forty years, from 1926 to the mid 1960s, she worked with Louis Armstrong, King Oliver, Clarence Williams, Luis Russell, Lonnie Johnson, and Bob Dylan


Pete Briggs - In 1926 he moved to Chicago, playing with Carroll Dickerson, Jimmie Noone, and Louis Armstrong, with whom he recorded copiously


Hersal Thomas - In 1926, he recorded a session with Hociel Thomas and Louis Armstrong


Earl Hines - In 1927, this became Louis Armstrong's band under the musical direction of Hines.


Irving Berlin - On its first release and subsequent releases, the song was consistently near the top of the charts: Bessie Smith, in 1927, and Louis Armstrong, in 1937; no. 1 by Bing Crosby and Connee Boswell; Al Jolson, in 1947


His recordings soon after with pianist Earl "Fatha" Hines and Armstrong's trumpet introduction to "West End Blues" remain some of the most famous and influential improvisations in jazz history. add something


Nat Gonella - He remained with the band until 1928, and it was during this period that he became acquainted with the early recordings of Louis Armstrong, and the New Orleans jazz style in general


Armstrong returned to New York, in 1929, where he played in the pit orchestra of the successful musical Hot Chocolate, an all-black revue written by Andy Razaf and pianist/composer Fats Waller. add something


James Baskett - As "'Jimmie Baskette"', he appeared on Broadway with Louis Armstrong in the all-black musical revue "Hot Chocolates" in 1929, and was announced for "Hummin' Sam" in 1933, although it failed to open


His 1930s recordings took full advantage of the new RCA ribbon microphone, introduced in 1931, which imparted a characteristic warmth to vocals and immediately became an intrinsic part of the 'crooning' sound of artists like Bing Crosby. add something


Decca Records - Artists signed to American Decca in the 1930s and 1940s included Louis Armstrong, Charlie_Kunz, Count Basie, Jimmie Lunceford, Jane Froman, The Boswell Sisters, Billie Holiday, Katherine Dunham, The Andrews Sisters, Ted Lewis, Judy Garland, The Mills Brothers, Billy Cotton, Guy Lombardo, Chick Webb, Louis Jordan, Bob Crosby, Bill Kenny & The Ink Spots, Dorsey Brothers , Connee Boswell and Jack Hylton, Victor Young, Earl Hines, Claude Hopkins, and Sister Rosetta Tharpe


Joe Bushkin - From the late 1930s through to the late 1940s he worked with Eddie Condon on records, radio and TV. After service in WWII he worked with Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman


Les Hite - He became leader of Howard's band in 1930, and played at the Cotton Club in Los Angeles for several years, accompanying Louis Armstrong and Fats Waller among others


Lionel Hampton - In 1930 Louis Armstrong came to California and hired the Les Hite band, asking Hampton if he would play vibes on two songs.


Nat Jaffe - In the late 1930s he played with Jan Savitt, Joe Marsala and Billie Holiday, and recorded with Louis Armstrong , Charlie Barnet and Jack Teagarden


Jimmie Rodgers (country singer) - On July 16, 1930, he recorded "Blue Yodel No. 9" with Louis Armstrong on trumpet and his wife Lil Hardin Armstrong on piano.


In 1931, Armstrong appeared in his first movie, Ex-Flame. add something


Nat Gonella - When Louis Armstrong visited London in 1932, Gonella met his idol by begging the staff at Boosey and Hawkes's music shop to allow him to deliver Armstrong's trumpet, left at the shop for cleaning, to his hotel room


Luis Russell - In 1935 Louis Armstrong took it over the orchestra altogether and for the next eight years they functioned as back-up band for Armstrong with Russell acting as the musical director


In 1937, Armstrong substituted for Rudy Vallee on the CBS radio network and became the first African American to host a sponsored, national broadcast. add something


Rudy Vallee - When Vallée took his contractual vacations from his national radio show in 1937, he insisted his sponsor hire Louis Armstrong as his substitute


Dorothy Patrick - As a "Queen of the Bs," she continued to appear in films produced in the 1940s and 1950s including, "High Wall" with Robert Taylor; "New Orleans" with Louis Armstrong and Billie Holiday ; "The Mighty McGurk" with Wallace_Beery; "Follow Me Quietly" with William Lundingan; the Fritz Lang-directed noir classic, "House by the River"


Jazz - By the late 1940s, Louis Armstrong's Allstars band became a leading ensemble


John Simmons (musician) - He played with Roy Eldridge in 1940 and spent 1941-42 variously in the employs of Benny Goodman, Cootie Williams, and Louis Armstrong


George Avakian - While still at Yale he was responsible for the first reissues Columbia put out around 1940, discovering some unissued Louis Armstrong masters from his Hot Five and Hot Seven period in the process


Benny Carter - Robert Goffin, Benny Carter, Louis Armstrong, and Leonard Feather in 1942.


After spending many years on the road, Armstrong settled permanently in Queens, New York in 1943 in contentment with his fourth wife, Lucille. add something


Kenneth Lee Spencer - This led to his being cast in significant parts in two MGM films in 1943, the musical film "Cabin in the Sky" where he shared the screen with Ethel Waters, Lena Horne, Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, and Louis Armstrong, and the war movie "Bataan"


Bobby Hackett - A dream come true for Hackett was his inclusion in Louis Armstrong's 1947 Town Hall Jazz Concert


Edmond Hall - Early in 1947 Louis Armstrong's appearance at the famous New York Carnegie Hall was announced.


Sid Catlett - He had his own band and played for Louis Armstrong's All Stars from 1947 to 1949 and became his drummer of choice


Chuck Israels - Paul Robeson, Pete Seeger and The Weavers were visitors to the Bauman home and the appearance of Louis Armstrong's All Stars in a concert series produced by his parents in 1948 gave Chuck his first opportunity to meet and hear jazz musicians


Earl Hines - In early 1948, Hines joined up again with Armstrong in the "Louis Armstrong and his All-Stars" small band and stayed, not entirely happily, through 1951.


Suzy Delair - On 25 February 1948, she participated in the first Nice Jazz Festival, it is during this first edition she sings for the first time the song C'est si bon to a cabaret where Louis Armstrong ended his evening


He was criticized for accepting the title of "King of The Zulus" for Mardi Gras in 1949. add something


He was the first jazz musician to appear on the cover of Time Magazine on February 21, 1949. add something


See age fabrication Armstrong had no middle name, but a 1949 Time magazine profile gave him the middle name of Daniel. add something


Clarence Williams (musician) - Clarence Williams is the author of Hank William's 1949 hit "My Bucket's Got A Hole In It", a song that was later recorded by Louis Armstrong


In 1950, Bing Crosby, the most successful vocalist of the first half of the 20th century, said, "He is the beginning and the end of music in America. add something


Bob Haggart - During the 1950s, Haggart organised, with Yank Lawson, a regular series of small band recordings and arranged many of the tunes for Louis Armstrong's 1956-7 four-volume LP recreation set


Jazz - Perhaps the most prominent manifestation of this resurgence was the emergence of trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, who strove to create music within what he believed was the tradition, rejecting both fusion and free jazz and creating extensions of the small and large forms initially pioneered by such artists as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington as well as the hard bop of the 1950s


Arvell Shaw - Shaw and Sid Catlett joined the Louis Armstrong All-Stars until 1950, when Shaw broke off to study music


Eddie Barclay - The band were to accompany Louis Armstrong, Ella_Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Sacha Distel, and Quincy Jones, who became the artistic director of Barclay Records at the end of the 1950s


Suzy Delair - In June 1950, she performed rehearsals of the song "C'est si bon" with Aimé Barelli and his Orchestra at the Monte Carlo casino where Louis Armstrong was finishing her evening


Argentine writer Julio Cortazar, a self-described Armstrong admirer, asserted that a 1952 Louis Armstrong concert at the Theâtre des Champs-Élysees in Paris played a significant role in inspiring him to create the fictional creatures called Cronopios that are the subject of a number of Cortazar's short stories. add something


Billy Kyle - He joined Louis Armstrong's All-Stars in 1953 and was there for nearly 13 years until his death


Benny Goodman - In 1953 they had another falling-out during Goodman's ill-fated tour with Louis Armstrong, which was produced by John Hammond.


Sonny Clay - As a result, Clay and his band were deported and the Australian government resolved to bar the entry of all black musicians into the country, a ban which kept Louis Armstrong from touring the country until 1954


Dave Brubeck - In 1954, he was featured on the cover of Time, the second jazz musician to be so honored.


Armstrong getting fitted for a hat, about 1955. add something


Armstrong played a bandleader in the television production, "The Lord Don't Play Favorites", on Producers' Showcase in 1956. add something


Bing Crosby - High Society - Crosby and Armstrong would remain professionally friendly for decades, notably in the 1956 film "High Society", where they sang the duet "Now You Has Jazz


Lee Gordon (promoter) - Gordon bounced back with several successful tours during 1956, including visits by the Louis Armstrong All-Stars , Nat King Cole, Calypso king Harry Belafonte and the "Record Star Parade", which featured Don Cornell, Stan Freberg, Joe "Fingers" Carr, Buddy Rich and a dance duo called The Nilsson Twins


Billy Kyle - He spent thirteen years as a member of Louis Armstrong's All-Stars, and performed in the 1956 musical "High Society"


Lotte Lenya - In 1956, Louis Armstrong recorded the song "Mack the Knife", both as a solo number and as a duet with Lenya


The Philadelphia Story (film) - The film was adapted in 1956 as the MGM musical "High Society", starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Celeste Holm, and Louis Armstrong, directed by Charles Walters


Ella Logan - In May 1956, she appeared in London with Louis Armstrong and His All-Stars


Armstrong's criticism of President Eisenhower, calling him "two-faced" and "gutless" because of his inaction during the conflict over school desegregation in Little Rock, Arkansas , Arkansas in 1957 made national news. add something


Porgy and Bess - Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong recorded many of the selections from the opera on their 1958 collaboration


Moose Jaw Civic Centre - The building was officially opened as "'The Moose Jaw Community Centre"' on September 19, 1959, with a gala event hosted by Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas, and featuring a performance by Louis Armstrong & His All-Stars


Harry M. Miller - During the 1960s, Pan Pacific promoted many concert and theatrical tours of Australia and New Zealand, including Louis Armstrong, Arthur_Rubinstein, The Rolling Stones and The Beach Boys


Dezo Hoffmann - He earned international acclaim in the 1960s, shooting photographs of well known pop and showbiz personalities, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Dusty Springfield, Charlie Chaplin, Sophia Loren, Marlon Brando, Marilyn Monroe, Laurence Olivier, The Kinks, The Shadows, Tom Jones, Jimi Hendrix, Frank Sinatra, Bob Marley, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Elton_John, Omar Sharif and Pink Floyd


Eddie Shu - In the 1960s Shu moved to Florida, playing locally as well as with Louis Armstrong's All-Stars, Hampton, and Gene Krupa again.


Georgia on My Mind - The song has been covered by many artists, significant among them: Richard Manuel, Louis Armstrong, Ethel_Waters, Frankie Laine, Dean Martin, Glenn Miller, Eddy Arnold, The Anita Kerr Singers, Brenda Lee, Zac Brown Band, Michael Bublé, Michael Bolton, Dave Brubeck, Anita O'Day, Mildred Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald, Rebecca Parris, Gerald Albright, Jo Stafford, Gladys Knight, Gene Krupa, Grover Washington, Jr., James Brown, Usher, Fats Waller, Billie Holiday, Nat Gonella and The Georgians, Django Reinhardt, Khalil Fong, Wes Montgomery,


Lil Hardin Armstrong - In 1962, Hardin began writing her autobiography, in collaboration with Albertson, but she had second thoughts when she realized that such a book could not be done properly without including material that might discomfit Louis Armstrong, so the project was shelved with only five chapters written


Kalamazoo Symphony Orchestra - The first of the popular "Starlight" summer concert series came in 1962; the concerts featured popular musicians like Louis Armstrong and were held on the roof of the Gilmore parking garage in downtown Kalamazoo


In 1964, Armstrong knocked The Beatles off the top of the Billboard Hot 100 chart with "Hello, Dolly/", which gave the 63-year-old performer a U.S. record as the oldest artist to have a number one song. add something


In 1964, he recorded his biggest-selling record, "Hello, Dolly/" The song went to No. 1 on the pop chart, making Armstrong the oldest person to ever accomplish that feat. add something


Howard Jacobson - His musical choices included works by J. S. Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Louis Armstrong as well as the rare 1964 single "Look at Me" by The Whirlwinds


Armstrong with his first trumpet instructor, Peter Davis, in 1965. add something


Billy Roberts - The group toured the West Coast, playing supper clubs and summer concert touring around Seattle and Vancouver, BC. On New Years Day 1965, they participated in a huge entertainment event at San Quentin Penitentiary with Louis Armstrong, Sarah_Vaughan, Johnny Cash, a Mariachi Band and hula dancers


What a Wonderful World - It was first recorded by Louis Armstrong and released as a single in 1967


Armstrong performed in Italy at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival where he sang "Mi Va di Cantare" alongside his friend, the Eritrean-born Italian singer Lara Saint Paul. add something


In 1968, Armstrong scored one last popular hit in the United Kingdom with the highly sentimental pop song "What a Wonderful World", which topped the British charts for a month; however, the single did not chart at all in America. add something


In February 1968, he appeared with Lara Saint Paul on the Italian RAI television channel where he performed "Grassa e Bella," a track he sang in Italian for the Italian market and C.D.I. label. add something


Lionel Hampton - Hampton performed with Louis Armstrong and Italian singer Lara Saint Paul at the 1968 Sanremo Music Festival in Italy.


In 1969, Armstrong had a cameo role in the film version of Hello, Dolly/ as the bandleader, Louis, to which he sang the title song with actress Barbra Streisand. add something


Hal David - David contributed lyrics to three James Bond film themes: in addition to "The Look of Love" from "Casino Royale" with Bacharach, he wrote "We Have All the Time in the World", with John Barry and sung by Louis Armstrong for the 1969 film "On Her Majesty's Secret Service", and in 1979, "Moonraker", with Barry, sung by Bond regular Shirley Bassey for the film of the same name


Mahalia Jackson - The next year, in 1970, Jackson and Louis Armstrong performed "Just a Closer Walk with Thee" and "When the Saints Go Marching In" together


Armstrong kept up his busy tour schedule until a few years before his death in 1971. add something


Armstrong died of a heart attack in his sleep on July 6, 1971 at the age of 69, 11 months after playing a famous show at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room add something


Teddy Riley (jazz) - In 1971 Riley played on the cornet used by Louis Armstrong in his youth for the New Orleans ceremonies marking Armstrong's death


Armstrong was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement award in 1972 by the Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences add something


Recordings of Armstrong were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old, and that have "qualitative or historical significance add something


Elizabeth Catlett - Catlett's statue of Louis Armstrong was dedicated in Louis Armstrong Park, New Orleans , in 1976


The house where Louis Armstrong lived for close to 28 years was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 and is now a museum add something


The song gained greater currency in the popular consciousness when it was used in the 1987 movie "Good Morning, Vietnam", its subsequent re-release topping many charts around the world add something


It was used in the 1993 film "Sleepless in Seattle" and the 2005 film "Lord of War" add something


Kenny G - Kenny G's 1999 single, "What A Wonderful World" was criticized in its overdubbing of Louis Armstrong's classic recording


A young Armstrong appears as a minor fictionalized character in Patrick Neate's 2001 novel "Twelve Bar Blues", part of which is set in New Orleans, and which was a winner at that year's Whitbread Book awards add something


On August 4, 2001, the centennial of Armstrong's birth, New Orleans's airport was renamed Louis Armstrong International Airport in his honor add something


Joey Ramone - His solo album "Don't Worry About Me" was released posthumously in 2002, and features the single "What a Wonderful World", a cover of the Louis Armstrong standard


The museum opened to the public on October 15, 2003 add something


Jon Faddis - Faddis led the CJE from autumn 2004 though spring 2010, premiering significant new works, pioneering educational initiatives in Chicago public schools focusing on Louis Armstrong's music, and bringing the CJE into new venues , while concurrently leading the Jon Faddis Jazz Orchestra of New York


In 2008, Armstrong's recording of Edith Piaf's famous "La Vie En Rose" was used in a scene of the popular Disney/Pixar film "WALL-E" add something


Vera Lynn - On 13 September 2009 Lynn became the oldest living artist to make it into No. 1 in the British album chart, at the age of 92, passing such veterans of music as American jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong and French singer Charles Aznavour


It was used as the title of a 2010 biography of Armstrong by Terry Teachout add something


Thelonious Monk - As of 2010, he is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of "Time", along with Louis Armstrong, Duke_Ellington, Wynton Marsalis, and Dave Brubeck


However, in December 2012, 57-year-old Sharon Preston-Folta claimed to be his daughter, from a 1950s affair between Armstrong and Lucille "Sweets" Preston, a dancer at the Cotton Club add something


Esperanza Spalding - On February 26, 2012, Spalding performed at the 84th Academy Awards, singing the Louis Armstrong standard, "What a Wonderful World", alongside the Southern California Children's Chorus to accompany the video montage that celebrated the film industry greats who passed away in 2011 and early 2012.


The production ran off Broadway in 2014 add something


What a Wonderful World - As of April 2014, Louis Armstrong's 1967 recording has sold 2,173,000 downloads in the US after it was released digitally


In 2017 he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame add something