Mac Pro
(Tablets and PC)
Microsoft Windows
Steve Jobs
Mac OS
Apple II
(Tablets and PC)
Xerox Alto
(Tablets and PC)
John Sculley

See also


Knowledge Identifier: $Macintosh



Line of personal computers developed by Apple Inc. add

Category: Business (705)

Launched in 1970.

Countries: (59%), United States (35%), United Kingdom (2%)

Main connections: Mac Pro, Microsoft Windows, Steve Jobs

Linked to: Intel, Microsoft, Motorola, Apple Inc.




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Macintosh.


Raskin was authorized to start hiring for the project in September 1979, and he began to look for an engineer who could put together a prototype add something


In the late 1980s, Claris released a number of revamped software titles; the result was the "Pro" series, including MacDraw Pro, MacWrite Pro, and FileMaker Pro. To provide a complete office suite, Claris purchased the rights to the Informix Wingz spreadsheet program on the Mac, renaming it Claris Resolve, and added the new presentation software Claris Impact add something


John Sculley - He used similar marketing strategies throughout the 1980s and 1990s at Apple to mass market Macintosh personal computers, and today he continues to speak and write about disruptive marketing strategies


Graham Nash - In the late 1980s Nash began to experiment with digital images of his photography on Macintosh computers with the assistance of R. Mac Holbert who at that time was the tour manager for Crosby, Stills, and Nash as well as handling computer/technical matters for the band


Dots per inch - These default specifications arose out of the problems rendering standard fonts in the early display systems of the 1980s, including the IBM-based CGA, EGA, VGA and 8514 displays as well as the Macintosh displays featured in the 128K computer and its successors


Raskin left the team in 1981 over a personality conflict with Jobs add something


Steve Jobs - Apple's Bud Tribble coined the term "reality distortion field" in 1981, to describe Jobs's charisma and its effects on the developers working on the Macintosh project


Daisy wheel printing - From 1981 onwards the IBM PC's introduction of "Code page 437" with 254 printable glyphs , and development of Xerox Star-influenced environments such as the Macintosh, GEM and Windows made bit-mapped approaches more desirable, driving cost reductions for laser printing and higher resolution for impact dot matrix printing


Buffy Sainte-Marie - Sainte-Marie began using Apple Inc. Apple II and Macintosh computers as early as 1981 to record her music and later some of her visual art


Apple II series - Chiat-Day shopped it around to a number of clients, including Apple, where it was proposed to be used for a print ad in the Wall Street Journal promoting the Apple II. However, Apple did not go for it, and the idea was filed away until the spring of 1983, when they met with the Macintosh marketing team to start working on the launch, which was scheduled for January 1984


Carl Sassenrath - This was a novel approach for 1983 when other personal computer operating systems were single tasking such as MSDOS and the Macintosh


The Macintosh 128K was announced to the press in October 1983, followed by an 18-page brochure included with various magazines in December add something


Apple hyped the introduction of the original Mac with their "1984" commercial that aired during that year's Super Bowl add something


At first, the Macintosh 128K suffered from a dearth of available software compared to IBM's PC, resulting in disappointing sales in 1984 and 1985 add something


The Macintosh's minimal memory became apparent, even compared with other personal computers in 1984, and could not be expanded easily add something


Guy Kawasaki - He was one of the Apple employees originally responsible for marketing the Macintosh in 1984


NeXT - In 1984, Apple founder Steve Jobs was the head of Apple's SuperMicro division, which was responsible for the development of the Macintosh and Lisa personal computers


General Computer Corp. - In 1984, the company changed direction to make peripherals for Macintosh computers: the HyperDrive , the WideWriter 360 large format inkjet printer, and the Personal Laser Printer


Mouse (computing) - Only with the release of the Apple Macintosh in 1984 did the mouse see widespread use


Desktop environment - The desktop metaphor was popularized on commercial personal computers by the original Macintosh from Apple in 1984, and was popularized further by Windows from Microsoft since the 1990s


Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four) - The iconic image of Big Brother played a key role in Apple's 1984 television commercial introducing the Macintosh


Sean Lennon - In January 1984, when Steve Jobs was visiting Manhattan, he attended a party that Yoko was throwing for him, and Jobs gave him one of the very first Macintosh computers


Steve Jobs - The Macintosh was introduced in January 1984


Steve Jobs - The issue's cover featured a portrait of Jobs, taken by Norman Seeff, in which he is sitting in the lotus position holding the original Macintosh computer, first published in "Rolling Stone" in January 1984


It most notably aired during the third quarter of Super Bowl XVIII on January 22, 1984, and is now considered a "watershed event" "1984" used an unnamed heroine to represent the coming of the Macintosh as a means of saving humanity from the "conformity" of IBM's attempts to dominate the computer industry add something


Apple Inc.'s then-chairman Steve Jobs introduced the first Macintosh on January 24, 1984 add something


Steve Jobs - At Apple's annual shareholders meeting on January 24, 1984, an emotional Jobs introduced the Macintosh to a wildly enthusiastic audience; Andy Hertzfeld described the scene as "pandemonium"


In April 1984, & Microsoft's MultiPlan migrated over from MS-DOS, with Microsoft Word following in January 1985 add something


However, Jobs' leadership at the Macintosh project did not last; after an internal power struggle with new CEO John Sculley, Jobs resigned from Apple in 1985 add something


ADInstruments - In 1985, as part of his Computer Science Masters at the university, Michael Macknight built the MacLab, one of the first analog to digital converters that connected to a Macintosh computer


John Sculley - After Jobs left, the company experienced a turnaround in 1986, introducing a faster microprocessor and renaming "The Macintosh Office" "Desktop Publishing


In September 1986, Apple introduced the Macintosh Programmer's Workshop, or MPW, an application that allowed software developers to create software for Macintosh on Macintosh, rather than cross compiling from a Lisa add something


In 1987, Apple spun off its software business as Claris add something


In August 1987, Apple unveiled HyperCard and MultiFinder, which added cooperative multitasking to the Macintosh add something


The Colony (video game) - The 1988 Macintosh release came in two versions, one in color and one with black-and-white graphics


NeXT - Apple started the Taligent project in 1989, with the goal of building a NeXT-like operating system for the Macintosh, with collaboration from both HP and IBM


Tetris - The Lessers later reviewed Spectrum HoloByte's Macintosh version of Tetris in 1989 in "Dragon" No. 141, giving that version 5 out of 5 stars


John Sculley - The magazine "MacAddict" named the period between 1989 and 1991 as the "first golden age" of the Macintosh


John Sculley - Under the direction of Sculley, who had learned several painful lessons after introducing the bulky Macintosh Portable in 1989, Apple introduced the PowerBook in 1991


SimCity - With that, four years after initial development, "SimCity" was released for the Amiga and Macintosh platforms, followed by the IBM PC and Commodore 64 later in 1989


Pool of Radiance (series) - "Curse of the Azure Bonds" was released on the Apple II, Commodore 64, and DOS in 1989, the Amiga and Macintosh in 1990, and the Atari ST in 1991


By the early 1990s, Claris applications were shipping with the majority of consumer-level Macintoshes and were extremely popular add something


In the 1990s, Apple started the "What's on your PowerBook-" campaign, with print ads and television commercials featuring celebrities describing how the PowerBook helps them in their businesses and everyday lives add something


Industry pundits have often called attention to the Mac's relatively small market share to predict Apple's impending doom, particularly in the early and mid 1990s when the company's future seemed bleakest add something


It wasn't long until Apple released their first portable computers, beginning with the Macintosh Portable released in 1990 add something


Its translucent plastic case, originally Bondi blue and later various additional colors, is considered an industrial design landmark of the late 1990s add something


Apple II series - Although not an extension of the Apple II line, in 1990 the "'Apple IIe Card"', an expansion card for the LC line of Macintosh computers, was released


Apple II series - Apple's Macintosh product line finally eclipsed the Apple II in the early 1990s


StuffIt - As this was a time of rapid evolution for the Macintosh platform with new features and techniques appearing regularly, the shareware utility Compact Pro emerged as a competitor to StuffIt's in the early 1990s


PC Magazine - Since the late 1990s, the magazine has taken to more frequently reviewing Macintosh software and hardware


Callisto Corporation - They were best known for their series of computer games for the Macintosh in the 1990s; including ClockWerx, Spin Doctor, Super Maze Wars and Super Mines


In response, Apple introduced a range of relatively inexpensive Macs in October 1990 add something


The Mac Plus was an immediate success and remained in production, unchanged, until October 15, 1990; on sale for just over four years and ten months, it was the longest-lived Macintosh in Apple's history add something


In 1991, Claris released ClarisWorks, which soon became their second best-selling application add something


Commodore 64 - It was operated by Quantum Computer Services of Vienna, Virginia, which in October 1991 changed its name to America Online, and continued to operate its AOL service for the IBM PC compatible and Apple Macintosh


The 1993 PowerBook 165c was Apple's first portable computer to feature a color screen, displaying 256 colors with -pixel resolution add something


Police Quest - It was released in 1993, for both IBM PC and Macintosh


MacSoft Games - MacSoft was created in 1993 by Peter Tamte and has published more than 100 software products for Macintosh computers


Easter egg (media) - Notable examples include some errant 1993 AMI BIOS that on November 13, 1993, proceeded to play "Happy Birthday" via the PC speaker over and over again instead of booting, and several early Apple Macintosh models which had pictures of the development team in the ROM


In 1994, Apple abandoned & Motorola CPUs for the RISC PowerPC architecture developed by the AIM alliance of Apple Computer, IBM, and Motorola add something


Steve Jobs - Steven Levy "Insanely Great The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer That Changed Everything" Penguin Books, 1994, 2000 page 204


Marathon Trilogy - "Marathon" was first released for the Macintosh in 1994 and introduced many concepts now common in mainstream video games


In 1995, Apple responded to the introduction of Windows 95 with several print ads and a television commercial demonstrating its disadvantages and lack of innovation add something


MacBook Pro - Unlike any previous Macintosh laptops the model name is not visible when the computer is in normal use as the model now has its name on the underside of the chassis rather than the screen bezel, where it had been located on all Macintosh laptops after the PowerBook 280c in 1995


Puyo Puyo (series) - Spectrum HoloByte released Puyo Puyo for Microsoft Windows 3,1 and the Macintosh in August 1995, under the name "Qwirks"


Feral Interactive - "'Feral Interactive"' is a video game publisher for Macintosh and Linux founded in 1996


He went on to found NeXT, another computer company targeting the education market, and did not return until 1997, when Apple acquired NeXT. The Macintosh 128K was manufactured at an Apple plant in Fremont, California add something


If measuring market share by installed base, there were more than 20 million Mac users by 1997, compared to an installed base of around 340 million Windows PCs add something


In 1997, the Think Different campaign introduced Apple's new slogan, and in 2002 the Switch campaign followed add something


When Steve Jobs returned to Apple in 1997 following the company's purchase of NeXT, he ordered that the OS that had been previewed as version 7,7 be branded Mac OS 8 add something


Apple Store - Jobs severed Apple's ties of every big box retailer, including Sears, Best Buy, Circuit City, Computer City and Office Max to focus its retail efforts with CompUSA Between 1997 and 2000, the number of Mac authorized resellers dropped from 20,000 to just 11,000, with majority of these were cuts made by Apple itself


Safari (web browser) - Until 1997, Apple Macintosh computers were shipped with the Netscape Navigator and Cyberdog web browsers only


In 1998, Apple consolidated its multiple consumer-level desktop models into the all-in-one iMac, which proved to be a sales success and saw the brand revitalized add something


USB was introduced in the 1998 iMac G3 and is ubiquitous today, while FireWire is mainly reserved for high-performance devices such as hard drives or video cameras add something


When Claris was reincorporated back into Apple in 1998, ClarisWorks was renamed AppleWorks beginning with version 5,0 add something


Apple Desktop Bus - The first Macintosh to move from ADB was the iMac in 1998, which featured USB in its place


David Pogue - In 1999, he launched his own series of computer how-to books called the "Missing Manual" series, which now includes over 100 titles covering a variety of Macintosh and Windows operating systems and applications


Apple Desktop Bus - The last Apple computer to have an ADB port was the "Yosemite" Power Macintosh G3 in 1999


Driver (series) - The first game of the "Driver" series was released for the PlayStation on June 30, 1999 in the US. It was later released for Game Boy Color in April 2000, Windows in September 2000, Mac in December 2000, and $iOS (iOS_(Apple)) in December 2009


Monkey Island (series) - "Escape from Monkey Island", the fourth installment, was released in 2000 for PC Windows, and in 2001 for Macintosh and PlayStation 2


It was released to the public in September 2000, as the Mac OS X Public Beta, featuring a revamped user interface called "Aqua" add something


Driver (video game) - A Mac port was released in North America in December 2000


From 2001 to 2008, Mac sales increased continuously on an annual basis add something


In 2001, Apple introduced Mac OS X, based on Darwin and NEXTSTEP; its new features included the Dock and the Aqua user interface add something


In early 2001, Apple began shipping computers with CD-RW drives and emphasized the Mac's ability to play DVDs by including DVD-ROM and DVD-RAM drives as standard add something


The Macintosh Classic, essentially a less expensive version of the Macintosh SE, was the least expensive Mac offered until early 2001 add something


The initial version of Mac OS X, 10,0 "Cheetah", was released on March 24, 2001 add something


Apple Remote Desktop - "'Apple Remote Desktop"' is a Macintosh application produced by Apple Inc., first released on March 14, 2002, that replaced a similar product called "Apple Network Assistant"


MobileMe - Mac on July 17, 2002, when it became a paid subscription service primarily designed for users of Mac OS X


StuffIt - Although it was late to market, Aladdin Systems introduced the completely new StuffIt X format in September 2002 with StuffIt Deluxe 7,0 for Macintosh


Christopher Porco - Eight months earlier on November 28, 2002, Police contend Christopher staged a burglary at his parent's home in which he took a Macintosh laptop computer and a Dell laptop computer


Statistics from late 2003 indicate that Apple had 2,06 percent of the desktop share in the United States that had increased to 2,88 percent by Q4 2004 add something


At WWDC 2005, Steve Jobs revealed this transition, noting that Mac OS X was always developed to run on both the Intel and PowerPC architectures add something


PlayFirst - From 2005 to mid-2011, PlayFirst have released 72 casual games for PC and Mac, counting extra 7 Collector's Editions and Strategy Guides, thus they have 79 games in total in their game categories


Avernum (series) - "Avernum 4" was released for Macintosh in late 2005 and released for Windows on March 2, 2006


Apple continued to offer only single button mice, in both wired and Bluetooth wireless versions, until August 2005, when it introduced the Mighty Mouse add something


Starting with the then-new iMac G5, released in October 2005, Apple started to include built-in iSight cameras on appropriate models, and a media center interface called Front Row that can be operated by an Apple Remote or keyboard for accessing media stored on the computer add something


Starting in 2006, Apple's industrial design shifted to favor aluminum, which was used in the construction of the first MacBook Pro add something


Mac Pro - Ars Technica reviewed the 2006 Mac Pro, rating it 9 out of 10


Feral Interactive - In 2006, the Mac version of "The Movies" won a BAFTA award for the best game in the Simulation category


MacBook - The "'MacBook"' is a brand of Macintosh notebook computers manufactured by Apple Inc. from early 2006 to late 2011


Football Manager - "Football Manager 2006" for Windows and Mac OS was released in the UK on 21 October 2005


Mac OS - In January 2006, Apple released the first Macintosh computers with & Intel processors, an iMac and the MacBook Pro, and in February 2006, Apple released a Mac mini with an Intel Core Solo and Duo processor


Mac Pro - The iMac, Mac Mini, $ MacBook, and MacBook Pro had moved to an Intel-based architecture starting in January 2006, leaving the Power Mac G5 as the only machine in the Mac lineup still based on the PowerPC processor architecture Apple had used since 1993


MacBook Pro - The "'MacBook Pro"' is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc., and now in its third generation


Intel - The first Macintosh computers containing Intel CPUs were announced on January 10, 2006, and Apple had its entire line of consumer Macs running on Intel processors by early August 2006


Worms, as well as potential vulnerabilities were noted in February 2006, which led some industry analysts and anti-virus companies to issue warnings that Apple's Mac OS X is not immune to malware add something


In March 2006, a group of hackers announced that they were able to run Windows XP on an Intel-based Mac. The group released their software as open source and has posted it for download on their website add something


On April 5, 2006, Apple announced the availability of the public beta of Boot Camp, software that allows owners of Intel-based Macs to install Windows XP on their machines; later versions added support for Windows Vista and Windows 7 add something


A Bluetooth version followed in July 2006 add something


Mac Pro - On the original Mac Pro introduced in August 2006, the PCIe slots can be configured individually to give more bandwidth to devices that require it, with a total of 40 "lanes", or 13 GB/s total throughput


Mac Pro - The bandwidth allocation of the PCIe slots can be configured via the Expansion Slot Utility included with Mac OS X only on the August 2006 Mac Pro. The Early-2008 and later Mac Pros had PCIe slots hardwired as follows:


Mac Pro - Apple stated that an Intel-based replacement for the PowerPC-based Power Mac G5 machines had been expected for some time before the Mac Pro was formally announced on August 7, 2006 at the annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference


As of October 2006, research firms IDC and Gartner reported that Apple's market share in the U.S. had increased to about 6 percent add something


Figures from December 2006, showing a market share around 6 percent and 6,1 percent are based on a more than 30 percent increase in unit sale from 2005 to 2006 add something


As of 2007, all iMacs use aluminium cases add something


If using the browser metric, Mac market share has increased substantially in 2007 add something


Electronic Arts - Also, in 2007, EA announced that it would be bringing some of its major titles to the Macintosh


TiVo - In January, 2007, TiVoToGo was extended to the Macintosh with Toast Titanium 8, Roxio software for assembly and burning digital media on CD and DVD media


Alan Wilder - Following a five-year break from recording, Alan Wilder returned with Recoil's fifth studio album, entitled "subHuman" released in July 2007, and recorded using Apple Inc Macintosh computers, Logic Pro software, and a Pro Tools system


Avernum (series) - On November 12, 2007 Spiderweb Software released "Avernum 5" for Macintosh, followed by the Windows version on February 16, 2008


Glass was added in 2008 with the introduction of the unibody MacBook Pro. These materials are billed as environmentally friendly add something


AOL Instant Messenger - AOL released an all-new AIM for the Macintosh on September 29, 2008 and the final build on December 15, 2008


MacBook - It was the best-selling Macintosh in history, and according to the sales-research organization NPD Group in October 2008, the mid-range model of the MacBook was the single best-selling laptop of any brand in US retail stores for the preceding five months


OverDrive, Inc. - On November 19, 2008, OverDrive released the OverDrive Media Console for Mac, which allows Mac owners to download and listen to MP3 audiobooks from their library on a home computer


Million Dollar Password - In December 2008, the game was released on some mobile phone platforms and, in March 2009, RealArcade released a version of the game for PCs and Macs


Apple has begun to focus its advertising on its retail stores instead of these trade shows; the company's last Macworld keynote was in 2009 add something


Apple reported worldwide sales of 3,36 million Macs during the 2009 holiday season add something


Football Manager - Shortly following this announcement, Sports Interactive reinforced their pursuit of online retailers by offering Football Manager 2009 through eSellerate for the Mac OS X platform on 23 December


Avernum (series) - "Avernum 6" was released late 2009 for the Macintosh and early March 2010 for Windows


Football Manager - On 12 August 2009, Sports Interactive & Sega Europe Ltd. announced that Football Manager 2010 for PC and Apple Macintosh, and Football Manager Handheld 2010 for PlayStation Portable was to be released on 30 October 2009


Gamma correction - In most computer systems, images are encoded with a gamma of about 0,45 and decoded with a gamma of 2,2; a notable exception, until the release of Mac OS X 10,6 in September 2009, were Macintosh computers: they used 0,55 and 1,8 respectively


In October 2009, Apple introduced the Magic Mouse, which uses multi-touch gesture recognition instead of a physical scroll wheel or ball add something


Apple introduced Mac OS X 10,7 in 2010, and it was made available in the summer of 2011 add something


Since 2010, Apple has offered the Magic Trackpad as a means to control Macintosh desktop computers in a way similar to laptops add something


Mac Pro - The 2010 and later Mac Pro systems were available with one or two central processing units with options giving four, six, eight, or twelve cores


IMovie - On June 7, 2010, Steve Jobs announced in his WWDC keynote that the upcoming iPhone 4 would support a new, iOS-native version of iMovie that supports many of the basic features of the Mac version of the software


Mac Pro - On November 5, 2010, Apple introduced the Mac Pro Server, which officially replaced the Xserve line of Apple servers as of January 31, 2011


Front Row has been discontinued as of 2011, however, and the Apple Remote is no longer bundled with new Macs add something


In early 2011, Mac OS X experienced a large increase in malware attacks, and malware such as Mac Defender, MacProtector, and MacGuard were seen as an increasing problem for Mac users add something


MobileMe - As promised at WWDC 2011, Apple began the service during fall 2011, giving every user of either or both $iOS (iOS_(Apple)) 5 or Mac OS X Lion 5 GB of cloud data storage for the basic service free at the point of usage, with additional paid-for tiers for more data storage being available


Post-PC era - Directly conflicting Apple's previous "digital hub" strategy centered around the Macintosh PC, Steve Jobs unveiled Apple's iCloud platform in 2011, which provides cloud storage for data that can be automatically synced between iOS products and PCs


Alawar Entertainment - The company recently extended its offerings onto the iPhone, iPad, PlayStation 3, Nintendo DS and Mac OS X gaming platforms, and in 2011 plans to enter the social games and MMO markets as well as expand onto other platforms


IDVD - While initially available only for Macs with a SuperDrive, it was included until 2011 with all new Macs; from iDVD 6 onwards, Apple supports the ability to burn projects with third-party optical drives. iDVD was no longer preinstalled on Macs shipping with OS X 10,7 Lion, and was not available on the Mac App Store with all of the other iLife apps


Aperture (software) - On January 6, 2011, Apple announced its availability on the Mac App Store


IMovie - On January 6, 2011, Apple made iMovie '11 available on the then-new Mac App Store


Its Xserve server was discontinued on January 31, 2011 add something


Easter egg (media) - In 2012, an update to the Mac App Store for OS X Mountain Lion introduced an Easter egg in which apps, during the download process, were timestamped "January 24, 1984," the date the original Macintosh went on sale


Messages (application) - Messages was announced for OS X as a beta application on February 16, 2012 for Macs running Mac OS X 10,7 "Lion"


SimCity - "SimCity"'s sixth major release was announced on March 5, 2012 for Windows and Mac OS X by Maxis at the "game changers" event


PlayFirst - On October 8, 2012, PlayFirst emailed its subscribers informing them that the company will cease the production of PC and Mac games and move to a new website since November 12, 2012


Triple Town - It was released for Windows and Macintosh through Steam on December 6, 2012


According to a recent Gartner report, Apple devices are expected to outsell all Windows devices for the first time in 2013 add something


Eufloria - According to the official FAQ for the game, the final release for Mac and Linux was to be provided in the late summer of 2013


Apple Inc. - At the Worldwide Developer's Conference on June 10, 2013, Apple announced the seventh iOS operating system alongside OS X Mavericks, the tenth version of Mac OS X, and a new Internet radio service called iTunes Radio


Through July 1, 2013, the MacBook Air took in 56 percent of all Ultrabook sales in the United States, despite being one of the higher-priced competitors add something


SimCity - A download-only Mac version was released in August 2013 available for digital download on Origin


According to IDC's quarterly PC tracker, globally, in 3rd quarter of 2014, Apple's PC market share increased 5,7 percent year over year, with record sales of 5,5 million units add something


Macworld - It was the oldest Macintosh magazine still in publication, until September 10, 2014, when IDG decided to discontinue the print edition and laid off most of the staff, while continuing an online version


MacBook (2015 version) - The "'MacBook"' is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in March 2015 by Apple Inc.


Aperture (software) - On March 5, 2015, Apple sent emails to Aperture owners that they would soon discontinue Aperture from the Mac App Store


IPhoto - On April 8, 2015, Apple released OS X Yosemite 10,10,3, which includes the new Photos app. iPhoto and Aperture were discontinued and removed from the Mac App Store


Aperture (software) - On April 8, 2015, Apple has discontinued Aperture from the Mac App Store


The current version is macOS High Sierra, released in 2017 and the next version, macOS Mojave is set for release later in 2018 add something


The current version is macOS Mojave, released on September 24, 2018 add something