Madeleine Albright

Knowledge Identifier: +Madeleine_Albright

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Madeleine Albright

First woman to become the United States Secretary of State add

Category: Politics

Born in 1937.

Countries: United States (48%), United Kingdom (8%), Iraq (7%)

Main connections: Herman Van Rompuy, Abdullah Gul, Anders Fogh Rasmussen

Linked to: Georgetown University, Democratic Party, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Wellesley College

 

Timeline


 

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Madeleine Albright was born in 1937 add something


1938

However, the signing of the Munich Agreement in March 1938 and the disintegration of Czechoslovakia at the hands of Adolf Hitler forced the family into exile because of their links with Bene? add something


1948

However, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took over the government in 1948, with support from the Soviet Union, and as an opponent of Communism, Korbel was forced to resign from his position add something

 

The family arrived in New York City , New York, in November 1948, and initially settled in Great Neck, on Long Island, New York add something


1957

She became a U.S. citizen in 1957, and joined the College Democrats of America add something


1959

Albright was raised Catholic, but converted to Episcopalianism at the time of her marriage in 1959 add something

 

She attended &Wellesley, Massachusetts College, in Wellesley, Massachusetts, on a full scholarship, majoring in political science and graduated in 1959 add something

 

The couple were married in Wellesley, Massachusetts in 1959, shortly after her graduation add something


1960

In January 1960 the couple moved to his hometown of Chicago, Illinois, where he worked at the "Chicago Sun-Times" as a journalist, and Albright worked as a picture editor for "Encyclopædia Britannica" add something


1962

In 1962, the family moved to Georgetown in Washington, D.C., and Albright began studying international relations and continued studying Russian at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington DC add something


1963

However, in 1963 Alicia Patterson died, and the family returned to Long Island with the notion of Joseph taking over the family business add something


1967

Albright gave birth to another daughter, Katherine Medill Albright, in 1967, and continued her studies at Columbia University's Department of Public Law and Government add something


1968

Albright returned to Washington in 1968, and commuted to Columbia for her PhD, which she received in 1975 add something

 

She earned a certificate in Russian, a Masters of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy, writing her Master's thesis on the Soviet diplomatic corps, and her doctoral dissertation on the role of journalists in the Prague Spring of 1968 add something


1969

Wellesley College - Secretaries of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, class of 1969, and Madeleine Albright, class of 1959, have spoken with enthusiasm about the formative impact their Wellesley experiences had on their later careers


1972

She was eventually invited to organize a fund-raising dinner for the 1972 presidential campaign of U.S. Senator Ed Muskie of Maine add something


1980

Following Carter's loss in 1980 to Ronald Reagan, Albright moved on to the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., where she was given a grant for a research project add something


1982

Albright joined the academic staff at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., in 1982, specializing in Eastern European studies add something


1984

She has served as a major Democratic Party foreign policy advisor, and briefed Vice-Presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 and Presidential candidate Michael Dukakis in 1988 add something


1992

In 1992, Bill Clinton returned the White House to the Democratic Party, and Albright was employed to handle the transition to a new administration at the National Security Council add something


1993

In January 1993, Clinton nominated her to be U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, her first diplomatic posting add something

 

Albright was appointed Ambassador to the United Nations, her first diplomatic post, shortly after Clinton was inaugurated, presenting her credentials on February 9, 1993 add something


1994

Bohumil Hrabal - He met the Czech President Václav Havel, the American President Bill Clinton and the US ambassador to the UN Madeleine Albright at U zlatého tygra on 11 January 1994


1995

R. Nicholas Burns - From 1995 to 1997, Burns was Spokesman of the Department of State and Acting Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs for Secretary of State Warren Christopher and Secretary Madeleine Albright


1996

On May 12, 1996, Albright defended UN sanctions against Iraq on a "60 Minutes" segment in which Lesley Stahl asked her "We have heard that half a million children have died add something


1997

When Albright took office as the 64th U.S. Secretary of State on January 23, 1997, she became the first female U.S. Secretary of State and the highest-ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government add something

 

As Secretary of State she represented the U.S. at the Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong on July 1, 1997 add something

 

Barton Gellman - He returned to Washington as diplomatic correspondent in late 1997, covering Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and the collapse of the United Nations Special Commission effort to disarm Iraq

 

Federation of Tamil Sangams of North America - In 1997, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright designated the LTTE as a "foreign terrorist organization" under the terms of the AEDPA, which, according to "TamilNet", "criminalizes the provision of material support or resources to the lawful and non-violent activities of any foreign organization designated as 'terrorist' by the Secretary of State

 

China and weapons of mass destruction - US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright expressed her concerns over possible Chinese biological weapon transfers to Iran and other nations in a letter to Senator Robert E. Bennett in January 1997

 

Yoweri Museveni - In official briefing papers from Madeleine Albright's December 1997 Africa tour as Secretary of State, Museveni was called a "beacon of hope" who runs a "uni-party democracy," despite Uganda not permitting multiparty politics


1998

Albright was booed in 1998 when the brief war threat with Iraq revealed that citizens were opposed to such an invasion, although this is often overlooked add something

 

According to several accounts, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya Prudence Bushnell repeatedly asked Washington for additional security at the embassy in Nairobi, including in an April 1998 letter directly to Albright add something

 

Canadian Coalition Against the Death Penalty - Merle, Renae: "Death penalty opponents plead for Canadian's life", "Associated Press", Dec. 8, 1998 The CCADP joined an international delegation of concerned citizens, whose ranks included Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, Canadian Liberal foreign affairs minister Lloyd Axworthy and US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who asked Texas Governor George W. Bush to grant a 30-day reprieve and a full clemency review of Faulder's case

 

Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant - For example, Ukraine's Turboatom was to supply a turbine, but cancelled the deal after the US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright's visit to Kiev on 6 March 1998


2000

In 2000, Albright became one of the highest level Western diplomats ever to meet Kim Jong-il, the communist leader of North Korea, during an official state visit to that country add something

 

Richard Boucher - He began his most recent tenure as Spokesman for the State Department in May, 2000 under Secretary Madeleine Albright and continued as Spokesman throughout the tenure of Secretary Colin Powell and for Secretary Condoleezza Rice until June 2005

 

Kim Jong-il - United States Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Talks, Charles Kartman, who was involved in the 2000 Madeleine Albright summit with Kim, characterised Kim as a reasonable man in negotiations, to the point, but with a sense of humor and personally attentive to the people he was hosting

 

Second Chechen War - American Secretary of State Madeleine Albright noted in her 24 March 2000, speech to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights:


2001

In 2001, Albright was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences add something

 

In one of her last acts as Secretary of State, Albright on January 8, 2001, paid a farewell call on Kofi Annan and said that the U.S. would continue to press Iraq to destroy all its weapons of mass destruction as a condition of lifting economic sanctions, even after the end of the Clinton administration on January 20, 2001 add something

 

Carl Rowan - On January 9, 2001, United States Secretary of State Madeleine Albright dedicated the press briefing room at the State Department as the Carl T. Rowan Briefing room


2002

Czech President Václav Havel talked openly about the possibility of Albright succeeding him after he retired in 2002 add something


2003

In 2003, she accepted a position on the Board of Directors of the New York Stock Exchange add something


2005

Affiliated with the firm is Albright Capital Management, which was founded in 2005 to engage in private fund management related to emerging markets add something

 

Shortly after the appointment of the NYSE board's permanent chairman in 2005, Albright submitted her resignation add something

 

On October 25, 2005, Albright guest starred on the television drama "Gilmore Girls" as herself add something

 

Robin Cook - A later memorial service at St Margaret's Church, Westminster, on 5 December 2005, included a reading by Tony Blair and warm tributes by Gordon Brown and Madeleine Albright


2006

On January 5, 2006, she participated in a meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss U.S. foreign policy with George W. Bush administration officials add something

 

On May 5, 2006, she was again invited to the White House to meet with former Secretaries and Bush administration officials to discuss Iraq add something

 

In an interview given to "Newsweek International" published July 24, 2006, Albright gave her opinion on current U.S. foreign policy add something

 

In September 2006, she received the Menschen in Europa award, with Václav Havel, for furthering the cause of international understanding add something


2007

On May 13, 2007, two days before her 70th birthday, Albright received an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill add something

 

Princess Sophie of Romania - On 10 May 2007, King Michael received the Prague Society for International Cooperation and Global Panel Foundation's 6th Annual Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award, previously awarded to Vladimir Ashkenazy, Madeleine Albright, Václav_Havel, Lord Robertson, and Milo? Forman

 

Michael of Romania - On 10 May 2007, King Michael received the Prague Society for International Cooperation and Global Panel Foundation's 6th Annual Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award, previously awarded to Vladimir Ashkenazy, Madeleine Albright, Václav Havel, Lord Robertson, and Milo? Forman


2008

On December 1, 2008, then-President-elect Obama nominated then-Senator Clinton for Albright's former post of Secretary of State add something

 

Jim Leach - On November 14 and 15, 2008, Leach and former Clinton Secretary of State Madeleine Albright served as emissaries for President-elect Obama at the international economic summit being held in Washington, D.C.

 

Joschka Fischer - Since 2008, Fischer has been employed with the Albright Group, a Washington, DC, consulting firm led by Madeleine Albright

 

John Howard - In January 2008, Howard signed with a prominent speaking agency called the Washington Speakers Bureau, joining Tony Blair, Colin Powell, Madeleine Albright, and others


2009

In September 2009, Albright opened an exhibition of her personal jewelry collection at the Museum of Art and Design in New York City , which ran until January 2010 add something


2011

Madeleine Albright serves as Chair of the advisory council for The Hague Institute for Global Justice, which was founded in 2011 in The Hague add something


 

In May 2012, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by US President Barack Obama add something

 

In August 2012, when speaking at a Obama campaign event in Highlands Ranch, Colorado, Albright was asked the question "How long will you blame that previous administration for all of your problems-", to which she replied "Forever" add something

 

In late October 2012, during a book signing in the Prague bookstore "Palác Knih Luxor", she was visited by a group of activists from the Czech organization "P?átelé Srb? na Kosovu" add something

 

Clinton Foundation - In 2012, at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Panelists included Jon Stewart, Madeleine Albright, and Vandana Shiva


2014

Peter Middlebrook - Since 2014 he has been involved with The Hague Institute for Global $ Justice Commission on Global Security, Justice and Governance, co-chaired by former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and former Nigerian Foreign Minister Ibrahim Gambari, and Directed by Dr. Richard Ponzio


2015

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen_Johnson_Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen_Johnson_Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen_Johnson_Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen_Johnson_Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition


2016

Albright supported Hillary Clinton during her 2016 presidential campaign add something

 

Julia Gillard - Gillard attended the first day of the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia on 25 July 2016, alongside former US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright


2018

Vaclav Havel - This bust was unveiled on 27 September 2018 while Havel was being honored by former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright