Giovanni Falcone
Paolo Borsellino
Sicilian Mafia Commission
Bernardo Provenzano
(Geographical area)
Sicilian Mafia

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &Mafia



Blanket term used to describe a type of organized crime syndicate that primarily practices protection racketeering the use of violent intimidation to manipulate local economic activity, especially illicit trade add

Category: Justice-Crime

Founded in 1863.

Countries: United States (42%), Italy (31%), (21%)

Main connections: Giovanni Falcone, Paolo Borsellino, Corleonesi

Linked to: American Mafia, Camorra, No Limit Soldiers, Bloods




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
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The public's association of the word with the criminal secret society was perhaps inspired by the 1863 play "I mafiusi di la Vicaria" by Giuseppe Rizzotto and Gaetano Mosca add something


The word made its first official appearance in 1865 in a report by the prefect of Palermo, Filippo Antonio Gualterio add something


Giuseppe Morello - His father Calogero Morello died in 1872 and his mother Angelina Piazza remarried one year later to Bernardo Terranova who was a member of the Corleonesi Mafia in Corleone


Giuseppe Morello - In 1903, Ignazio "the Wolf" Lupo, the Sicilian Mafia boss in Little Italy, Manhattan married Morello's half sister Salvatrice


Giuseppe Morello - By 1905, Morello had created the largest, most influential Sicilian crime family in New York City , and was recognized as "capo di tutti capi" by Mafia leaders in other U.S. cities, according to Nicola Gentile


Joseph Petrosino - On March 12, 1909, after arriving in Palermo , Petrosino received a message from someone claiming to be an informant, asking the detective to meet him in the city's Piazza Marina to give him information about the Mafia


Steve Ferrigno - In the 1920s, Ferrigno was a mid-level leader in the Brooklyn crime family of Salvatore "Tata" D'Aquila, the self-proclaimed "Boss of Bosses" of the New York Mafia


Benito Mussolini - In 1927 Mori's inquiries brought evidence of collusion between the Mafia and the Fascist establishment, and he was dismissed for length of service in 1929, at which time the number of murders in the Palermo Province had decreased from some 200 to 23


Steve Ferrigno - In 1928, D'Aquila was murdered on the orders of rival Manhattan Mafia Boss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria


Marco Reginelli - In the 1930s, Marco moved to Camden, New Jersey, New Jersey, where he became a member of the Cosa Nostra


Steve Ferrigno - Masseria was killed in a Coney Island restaurant in early 1931, and Maranzano was himself killed in September, marking the end of the Castellammarese War. The main beneficiary was Charlie "Lucky" Luciano, who established himself at the top of the New York Mafia


Anthony Peraino - Castellammarese War - Piraino was said to be an associate and ally of powerful New York Mafia boss Salvatore Maranzano, and on the night of March 27, 1931, Piraino attended a "bootleggers summit" in Brooklyn, where he was murdered as he left the meeting. he is suspected of being another casualty of the Castellammarese War, but his death could have been the result of separate Mafia conflict that was occurring within the Brooklyn bootlegging community


Stephanie St. Clair - By the 1940s, "Bumpy" Johnson had become the unquestioned Mafia enforcer in Harlem while St. Clair became less and less involved in the numbers game


Frank Sinatra - Sinatra left the Dorsey band late in 1942 in an incident that started rumors of Sinatra's involvement with the Mafia.


J. Edgar Hoover - He denied that any mafia operated in the U.S. In the 1950s, evidence of Hoover's unwillingness to focus FBI resources on the Mafia became grist for the media and his many detractors


Anthony Peraino - Tony Peraino was a "made man" member of the Profaci crime family most likely sometime before the books were closed for membership in the late 1950s, and like his father he climbed the ranks of the New York Mafia to become one of Colombo crime family's biggest earners


Sicilian Mafia Commission - According to Tommaso Buscetta the first Sicilian Mafia Commission for the province of Palermo was formed after a series of meetings between top American and Sicilian mafiosi that took place in Palermo between October 12-16 1957, in the hotel Delle Palme and the Spanò seafood restaurant


Sicilian Mafia Commission - Sometime in early 1958 the Sicilian Mafia formed its first Mafia Commission


Dorothy Kilgallen - Kilgallen had a history of government criticism, suggesting in 1959 that the CIA recruited members of the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro, which many years later was proven to be the case


The Godfather II (video game) - The game begins on December 31, 1959 in Havana, Cuba, 4 years after Aldo Trapani assisted in the assassinations of the Dons of the Stracci, Cuneo, Tattaglia and Barzini families and when Aldo was promoted to Don of NYC. Hyman Roth has arranged for a meeting in which various Mafia Families discuss plans to divide territory in Cuba amongst themselves


Giovanni Falcone - Judge Cesare Terranova, a former parliamentary deputy and Antimafia reformer who had been the main prosecutor of the Mafia in the 1960s, was to have headed this office, but he was killed on September 25, 1979


Bernardo Mattarella - Dolci had been gathering evidence on the links between the Mafia and politicians for the Antimafia Commission, which was established in 1963


Sicilian Mafia Commission - The Commission, however, was not able to prevent the outbreak of a violent Mafia War in 1963


Sicilian Mafia Commission - First Mafia War - The first time the existence of such a Commission filtered out to the rest of the world was in 1965 during the inquiry into the First Mafia War by judge Cesare Terranova


Paolo Borsellino - After he married in 1968, he transferred to his native Palermo in 1975 together with Rocco Chinnici, where he got involved in investigation into Sicilian Mafia


Alexandra Hay - She co-starred in Otto Preminger's 1968 film "Skidoo", as a young girl who discovers her car-dealer father is actually a onetime Mafia assassin


Sicilian Mafia Commission - The verdict of the Trial of the 114 against the Mafia in Catanzaro in December 1968 resulted in many acquittals or short sentences for criminal association


Bernardo Provenzano - First Mafia War - Provenzano participated in the Viale Lazio massacre on December 10, 1969: the killing of Michele Cavataio for his role in the First Mafia War


Boris Giuliano - During the late 1970s he was investigating drug trafficking by various members of the Sicilian Mafia, including the boss Stefano Bontade, as well as a series of armed robberies linked to Corso De Mille boss Fillipo Marchese


Michele Placido - He appeared in several TV movies in 1970s, but 1983 marked the beginning of his greatest television popularity when he played the lead as a police inspector investigating the Mafia in Damiano Damiani's TV series "La Piovra"


Vito Rizzuto - His father Nicolo Rizzuto began his Mafia career in Canada as an associate of the Cotroni crime family that controlled much of Montreal's drug trade in the 1970s while answering to the Bonanno crime family of New York


Camorra - In the 1970s and 1980s Raffaele Cutolo made an attempt to unify the Camorra families in the manner of the Sicilian Mafia, by forming the New Organized Camorra , but this proved unsuccessful


Sicilian Mafia Commission - Under these circumstances, the Sicilian Mafia Commission was revived in 1970


Al Pacino - He *casted in the blockbuster Mafia film The Godfather directed by Francis Ford Coppola in 1972, although several established actors ? including Robert Redford, Warren Beatty, and then little-known Robert De Niro ? also tried out for the part.


Bernardo Mattarella - Giuseppe Montalbano before the Parliamentary Commission of Enquiry on Mafia in Sicily - Report on the relation between Mafia and banditry, approved on february 10, 1972, document XXIII n


Athol Moffitt - In 1973 he was appointed to head a royal commission investigating allegations of organised crime in licensed clubs in NSW. The royal commission uncovered apparent links between the American Mafia and local organised crime figures such as Sydney's "Mr Big", Lenny McPherson and the involvement of organised crime groups in the growing trade in illegal drugs especially heroin


Danny Greene - In 1975, Greene began to push into the vending machine racket, traditionally controlled by the Mafia, as well as muscling into gambling operations


Bernardo Mattarella - According to a report of the section of the Communist Party of Trapani, which was reproduced in the final report of the Antimafia Commission in 1976, Mattarella had an excellent relationship with the Mafia boss of Alcamo, Vincenzo Rimi


Barbara McNair - On December 15, 1976, her husband, Rick Manzie, was murdered, in their Las Vegas Bruce Street Mansion and Mafia boss-turned-FBI-informant Jimmy Fratianno later claimed in his book "The Last Mafioso" that Manzie had been a Mafia associate who tried to put a contract on the life of a mob-associated tax attorney with whom he had a legal dispute


Salvatore Inzerillo - He became a member of the Sicilian Mafia Commission in 1978 succeeding his uncle Rosario Di Maggio, and formed a strong alliance with Bontade against the growing power of Totò Riina and the Corleonesi who were increasingly challenging the established Mafia families of Palermo


Steve Rubell - In December 1978, Studio 54 was raided after Rubell was quoted as saying that only the Mafia made more money than the club brought in


Giovanni Falcone - Only two months earlier, on July 21, 1979, Boris Giuliano had been assassinated; he headed the police investigation squad investigating heroin trafficking by the Mafia headed by Rosario Spatola and Salvatore Inzerillo


Bernardo Mattarella - His son Piersanti Mattarella was killed by Mafia in 1980


Corleonesi - Members of other Mafia Families who sided with Riina and Provenzano were called Corleonesi as well, forming a coalition that dominated the Mafia in the 1980s and 1990s, that can be considered as a kind of parallel Cosa Nostra


Paolo Borsellino - One of his accomplishments included the arrest of six Mafia members in 1980 including Leoluca Bagarella the brother-in-law of Mafia boss Salvatore Riina


Corleonesi - The "'Corleonesi"' are a faction within the Sicilian Mafia that dominated "Cosa Nostra" in the 1980s and the 1990s


Piersanti Mattarella - The court established that Andreotti had indeed had strong ties to the Mafia until 1980, and had used them to further his political career to such an extent as to be considered a component of the Mafia itself


Piersanti Mattarella - The judges decided to uphold Andreotti's original acquittal on grounds of expiration of statutory terms because he had severed relations with the Mafia from 1980


Piersanti Mattarella - Two years later, on January 6, 1980, he was killed by the Mafia in Palermo


Bernardo Provenzano - Second Mafia War - It is not known to what extent that he participated in the Second Mafia War of 1981/82, initiated by Riina, which left over a thousand Mafiosi dead and resulted in the Corleonesi becoming the dominant Mafia faction in Sicily


Sicilian Mafia Commission - Second Mafia War - The Second Mafia War raged from 1981-1983


Salvatore Inzerillo - Second Mafia War - A prolific heroin trafficker, he was killed in May 1981 by the Corleonesi of Totò Riina in the Second Mafia War who opposed the established Palermo Mafia families of which Inzerillo was one of the main proponents


Giovanni Falcone - A law to create a new offence of Mafia conspiracy, and confiscate Mafia assets was introduced by Pio La Torre but it had been stalled in parliament for two years, La Torre was murdered April 30, 1982


Giovanni Falcone - In May 1982, the Italian government sent Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, a general of the Italian Carabinieri, to Sicily with orders to crush the Mafia


Vito Ciancimino - Ciancimino was arrested in 1984 after the testimony of Mafia pentito Tommaso Buscetta


Ennio Morricone - He wrote the score for the Mafia television series "La piovra" seasons 2 to 10 from 1985 to 2001, including the themes "Droga e sangue" , "La morale", and "L'immorale"


Barbara Stuart - In 1985, she was cast as Marianne Danzig, the wife of a Mafia godfather in the ABC's crime drama "Our Family Honor", both in the television movie and the short-lived series of the same name


Giovanni Falcone - After a long and distinguished career, culminating in the famous Maxi Trial in 1986-1987, he was killed by the Corleonesi Mafia in May 1992, on the motorway near the town of Capaci


Paolo Borsellino - In 1986, Borsellino became head of the Public Prosecution Office of Marsala, continuing his personal campaign against the Mafia bosses, in the most populated city of the province of Trapani


Renato Schifani - According to the pentito Francesco Campanella, Antonio Mandalà and La Loggia in the 1990s agreed on the master plan for the shopping centre they wanted to develop in the town of Villabate, which aroused the interests of politicians and the Mafia


Steve Martin - He later met with Moranis to make the Mafia comedy "My Blue Heaven" in 1990


Amy Vitale - Under her in-ring persona as "The Italian Princess of Wrestling", a spoiled "Mafia princess" , Vitale eventually established herself as one of the top managers on the Florida independent circuit by the late 1990s


'Ndrangheta - Unlike the Sicilian Mafia in the early 1990s, they have meticulously avoided a head-on confrontation with the Italian state


'Ndrangheta - Unlike the Sicilian Mafia, the 'Ndrangheta managed to maintain a horizontal organizational structure up to the early 1990s, avoiding the establishment of a formal superordinate body


Giovanni Falcone, an anti-Mafia judge murdered by the Sicilian Mafia in 1992, objected to the conflation of the term "Mafia" with organized crime in general: add something


Vito Ciancimino - After lengthy judicial proceedings he was brought to trial and in 1992 was sentenced to 13 years' imprisonment for Mafia associations and for laundering millions of dollars


Vito Ciancimino - In 1992, following the Mafia murders of Salvo Lima and the Antimafia judges Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, Ciancimino offered to infiltrate Cosa Nostra and negotiate a solution to terrorist aggression against the Italian state


Pietro Grasso - It is replaced in his role, until he was appointed deputy prosecutor at the National Anti-Mafia Directorate , applied in the Procure of Palermo and Florence, where he supervised and coordinated the investigations on the massacres of 1992 and 1993


Giovanni Falcone - In a blow to the Mafia, the Maxi Trial convictions were upheld by the Supreme Court in January 1992


Vito Ciancimino - He may even have contributed to the 1993 arrest of the Mafia boss Salvatore Riina, whose removal cleared the ground for Bernardo Provenzano, a wilier and less bloodthirsty boss from Corleone, whose name has been linked to that of Ciancimino. Ciancimino's counterpart in the talks was the commander of Italy's domestic intelligence service


Corleonesi - Provenzano proposed a new less violent Mafia strategy instead of the terrorist bombing campaign in 1993 against the state to get them to back off in their crackdown against the Mafia after the murders of antimafia prosecutors Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino


Sicilian Mafia Commission - Provenzano proposed a new less violent Mafia strategy instead of the terrorist bombing campaign in 1993 against the state to get them to back off in their crackdown against the Mafia after the murders on Anti-mafia prosecutors Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino


Bernardo Provenzano - Provenzano proposed a new, less violent Mafia strategy instead of the terrorist bombing campaign in 1993 against the state to get them to back off in their crackdown against the Mafia after the murders of prosecutors Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino


Camorra - The mayor of Naples, Antonio Bassolino, compared the arrest to that of Sicilian Mafia chief Salvatore Riina in 1993


Giovanni Falcone - In the major crackdown against the Mafia following Falcone and Borsellino's deaths, Riina was arrested on January 15, 1993, and is now serving a life sentence for sanctioning the murders of both magistrates as well as many other crimes


Giuseppe Impastato - In the 1994 Italian TV series La Piovra 7, the character of Daniele Rannisi, a young man who disavows his family connection to the Mafia and starts a satirical pirate radio show denouncing their activities, was based on Impastato


Silvio Berlusconi - Spatuzza testified that his boss Giuseppe Graviano had told him in 1994 that Berlusconi was bargaining with the Mafia, concerning a political-electoral agreement between Cosa Nostra and Berlusconi's Forza Italia


Francesco Musotto - Francesco Musotto was arrested on November 8, 1995, for collusion with the Mafia


Giuseppe Impastato - Following a statement made by a former member of the Cinisi Mafia, the pentito Salvatore Palazzolo who had turned state witness, and named Badalamenti as the instigator of the murder, the investigation was formally reopened in June 1996, and in November the following year an arrest warrant was issued for Badalamenti


James Gandolfini - Gandolfini's most acclaimed role to date is that of Tony Soprano, a New Jersey Mafia boss and family man who is the lead character in "The Sopranos", which debuted in 1999


Salvatore Cuffaro - Guttadauro was recorded describing how the Mafia had funded Cuffaro's 2001 election campaign


Frank Vincent - In 2001, Vincent voiced the character of Mafia boss Salvatore Leone in the controversial computer and video game "Grand Theft Auto III"


Leoluca Bagarella - In 2002 he protested about his treatment under a new law that placed heavy restrictions on jailed Mafia bosses to prevent them from running their criminal empires from behind bars


Cathy Moriarty-Gentile - She reunited with De Niro for 2002's "Analyze That", in which she played female Mafia boss Patti LoPresti


Bernardo Provenzano - Apparently the arrest of Giuffrè in April 2002 was made possible by an anonymous phone call that seems to have been made by loyalists to the Mafia hardliners Riina and Bagarella


Sicilian Mafia Commission - Apparently the arrest of Giuffrè in April 2002 was made possible by an anonymous phone call that seems to have been made by loyalists to the Mafia hardliners Riina and Bagarella


Corleonesi - During a court appearance in July 2002, Leoluca Bagarella suggested unnamed politicians had failed to maintain agreements with the Mafia over prison conditions


Bernardo Provenzano - During a court appearance in July 2002, Leoluca Bagarella suggested unnamed politicians had failed to maintain agreements with the Mafia over prison conditions


Sicilian Mafia Commission - During a court appearance in July 2002, Leoluca Bagarella suggested unnamed politicians had failed to maintain agreements with the Mafia over prison conditions


Salvatore Cuffaro - On June 26, 2003, it was revealed that Cuffaro was being investigated for Mafia-related crimes, after Domenico Miceli, a fellow UDC politician, was arrested for allegedly acting as a link between a Mafia chief and top Sicilian politicians, including Cuffaro


Salvatore Inzerillo - Rosario Inzerillo, a brother of Salvatore, returned to Palermo in December 2004 with the approval of Salvatore Lo Piccolo, one of the leading Mafia bosses


Bernardo Provenzano - On January 25, 2005, police raided various homes in Sicily and arrested 46 Mafia suspects believed to be helping Provenzano elude the authorities


Vito Rizzuto - On February 11, 2005, an arrest warrant was issued in Rome against Rizzuto in connection with alleged Mafia involvement in building a bridge across the Strait of Messina connecting the Italian mainland with Sicily, one of the biggest public works projects in Italy's history


Dick Morris - In a column in "The Hill" on June 22, 2005, Morris predicted that Hillary Clinton would face her "worst nightmare" in her 2006 Senate race against moderate Republican candidate Jeanine Pirro, whose campaign subsequently collapsed within a matter of two months after repeated crushing defeats in the opinion polls due to her husband's alleged Mafia ties


Pietro Grasso - On 11 October 2005 he was appointed national Anti-Mafia prosecutor, succeeding Pier Luigi Vigna, who left office in August 2005 having reached the retirement age, while he was still head of the prosecutor of Palermo


Gianni Russo - In his 2006 book "Supermob", investigative reporter Gus Russo writes that Gianni Russo secured his role in "The Godfather" by acting as an intermediary between Paramount Studios and New York Mafia don Joe Colombo Sr., whose Italian American Anti-Defamation League had shut down early production of the film in Manhattan


'Ndrangheta - In March 2006, the national anti-Mafia prosecutor announced the discovery of a narco submarine in Colombia, allegedly being constructed on behalf of the 'Ndrangheta for smuggling cocaine


Bernardo Provenzano - On May 2, 2006, he appeared via a video-link from his jail in a trial concerning Mafia murders committed in Italy in the 1980s


Pietro Grasso - On 18 September 2006 the District Anti-Mafia Directorate of Catanzaro, with support from the National Prosecution led by national prosecutor Grasso, concludes a two-year on the action of certain mafias of Vibo Valentia, who had put his hands on his holiday parks the coast


Michele Placido - In 2008, in a reversal of roles, he portrayed longtime Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano in the TV movie "L'ultimo padrino"


Salvatore Cuffaro - On January 18, 2008, Cuffaro was found guilty of having helped the Mafia and was given a five-year sentence, during which time he will be suspended from all public offices


Salvatore Cuffaro - On January 23, 2010 the Palermo Appeals Court confirmed his two previous convictions and added the aggravation of favoring the Mafia, sentencing him to seven years in prison


Pietro Grasso - From September 2012 to Rai History in 12 episodes Pietro Grasso leads "Lessons Mafia", a project of legal education, dedicated to the younger generations to explain all the secrets of Cosa Nostra