Knowledge Identifier: +Margaret_Sanger
Born in 1879.
Countries: United States (42%), New York (21%), United Kingdom (8%)
Linked to: New York University, Claverack College, Smith College, Stony Brook University
During the early years of her activism, Sanger viewed birth control primarily as a free-speech issue, rather than a feminist issue, and when she started publishing "The Woman Rebel" in 1914, she did so with the express goal of provoking a legal challenge to the Comstock laws banning dissemination of information about contraception
Emma Goldman - When Margaret Sanger, an advocate of access to contraception, coined the term "birth control" and disseminated information about various methods in the June 1914 issue of her magazine "The Woman Rebel", she received aggressive support from Goldman
Some countries in northwestern Europe had more liberal policies towards contraception than the United States at the time, and when Sanger visited a Dutch birth control clinic in 1915, she learned about diaphragms and became convinced that they were a more effective means of contraception than the suppositories and douches that she had been distributing back in the United States
Edith How-Martyn - She met the American family planning leader Margaret Sanger in 1915 and had been impressed by her ideas, subsequently organising the 1927 World Population Conference in Geneva with Sanger and becoming honorary director of the Birth Control International Information Centre in London in 1930
An initial appeal was rejected, but in a subsequent court proceeding in 1918, the birth control movement won a victory when Judge Frederick E. Crane of the New York Court of Appeals issued a ruling which allowed doctors to prescribe contraception
Lena Levine - Levine's interest in birth control dated from the 1920s, when she had met Margaret Sanger
After World War I, Sanger shifted away from radical politics, and she founded the American Birth Control League in 1921 to enlarge her base of supporters to include the middle class
Rose Witcop - From 1921 she concentrated her efforts on the issue of birth control and in 1923 she and Aldred were arrested and charged for publishing and distributing Margaret Sanger's "Family Limitation"
John D. Rockefeller Jr. donated five thousand dollars to her American Birth Control League in 1924 and a second time in 1925
In 1926, Sanger gave a lecture on birth control to the women's auxiliary of the Ku Klux Klan in Silver Lake, New Jersey
In 1930, Sanger opened a family planning clinic in Harlem that sought to enlist support for contraceptive use and to bring the benefits of family planning to women who were denied access to their city's health and social services
This court victory motivated the American Medical Association in 1937 to adopt contraception as a normal medical service and a key component of medical school curriculums
Although Sanger continued in the role of president, she no longer wielded the same power as she had in the early years of the movement, and in 1942, more conservative forces within the organization changed the name to Planned Parenthood Federation of America, a name Sanger objected to because she considered it too euphemistic
Martin Luther King, Jr. - In 1966, the Planned Parenthood Federation of America *awarded King the Margaret Sanger *award for "his courageous resistance to bigotry and his lifelong dedication to the advancement of social justice and human dignity"
Esser-Stuart, Joan E., "Margaret Higgins Sanger", in "Encyclopedia of social welfare history in North America", Herrick, John and Stuart, Paul , SAGE, 2005 p 323 In the early 1950s, Sanger encouraged philanthropist Katharine McCormick to provide funding for biologist Gregory Pincus to develop the birth control pill