Margaret Thatcher

Knowledge Identifier: +Margaret_Thatcher


Margaret Thatcher

British politician, the longest-serving Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post add

Category: Politics

Born in 1925.

Countries: United Kingdom (67%), (8%), United States (6%)

Main connections: Ronald Reagan, House of Lords, John Major

Linked to: Secretary of State for Education, Conservative Party, Labour Party, Liberal Party




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Margaret Thatcher was born in 1925 add something


John Crowder - He was the Member of Parliament for Finchley from the 1935 general election until the 1959 general election, when he was succeeded by Margaret Thatcher


She arrived at Oxford in 1943 and graduated in 1947 with Second Class Honours in the four-year Chemistry Bachelor of Science degree; in her final year she specialised in X-ray crystallography under the supervision of Dorothy Hodgkin add something


Roberts became President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1946 add something


John Brightman, Baron Brightman - He returned to the Bar in 1946, practising mainly in tax law, taking silk in 1961, and was pupil master to Margaret Thatcher


She joined the local Conservative Association and attended the party conference at Llandudno in 1948, as a representative of the University Graduate Conservative Association add something


In the 1950 and 1951 general elections she was the Conservative candidate for the safe Labour seat of Dartford, where she attracted media attention as the youngest and the only female candidate add something


At a dinner following her formal adoption as Conservative candidate for Dartford in February 1951 she met Denis Thatcher, a successful and wealthy divorced businessman, who drove her to her Essex train add something


Denis funded his wife's studies for the bar; she qualified as a barrister in 1953 and specialised in taxation add something


Later that year, she was narrowly defeated when she sought selection as the candidate for the Orpington by-election, 1955 add something


Thatcher was not a candidate in the 1955 general election as it came fairly soon after the birth of her children add something


Afterwards, she began looking for a Conservative safe seat, and was selected as the candidate for Finchley in April 1958 add something


Originally a research chemist before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament for Finchley in 1959 add something


She was elected as MP for the seat after a hard campaign in the 1959 election add something


Thatcher began to attend lunches regularly at the Institute of Economic Affairs , a think tank founded by the poultry magnate Antony Fisher, a disciple of Friedrich von Hayek; she had been visiting the IEA and reading its publications since the early 1960s add something


In 1961 she went against the Conservative Party's official position by voting for the restoration of birching add something


In October 1961 Thatcher was promoted to the front bench as Parliamentary Undersecretary at the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance in Harold Macmillan's administration add something


After the Conservatives lost the 1964 election she became spokeswoman on Housing and Land, in which position she advocated her party's policy of allowing tenants to buy their council houses add something


At the Conservative Party Conference of 1966 she criticised the high-tax policies of the Labour Government as being steps "not only towards Socialism, but towards Communism" add something


She moved to the Shadow Treasury team in 1966, and as Treasury spokeswoman opposed Labour's mandatory price and income controls, arguing that they would produce effects contrary to those intended and distort the economy add something


In 1967 she was selected by the United States Embassy in London to take part in the International Visitor Leadership Program , a professional exchange programme that gave her the opportunity to spend about six weeks visiting various US cities and political figures as well as institutions such as the International Monetary Fund add something


Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government add something


Shortly before the 1970 general election, she was promoted to Shadow Transport spokesman and later to Education add something


Thatcher became a Privy Councillor upon becoming Secretary of State for Education and Science in 1970 add something


The Conservative party under Edward Heath won the 1970 general election, and Thatcher was subsequently appointed Secretary of State for Education and Science add something


Colin Wallace - A government inquiry set up by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and undertaken by Sir David Calcutt QC confirmed that Wallace had, indeed, been working for the Intelligence Services during the 1970s and that his enforced resignation from the Ministry of Defence had been made on the basis of a false job description designed to conceal his covert role in psychological warfare


Janet Brown - During the 1970s and 1980s, she was occasionally confused by some with fellow actress and comedian Faith Brown because they had the same surname and were both best remembered for their Margaret Thatcher impersonations


Woodrow Wyatt - Wyatt was a prolific journalist, with a diverse range of interests, and by the late 1970s he had crossed the political spectrum and became an admirer of Margaret Thatcher


Anne Milton - Any idea that the move was policy, itself reminiscent of Margaret Thatcher's withdrawing of milk from 7 to 11 year olds in 1971, was quickly quashed by Number 10; with Prime Minister David Cameron stating that he "did not like" the idea of removing milk from children


David Cunliffe-Lister, 2nd Earl of Swinton - He inherited the title Earl of Swinton on the death of his grandfather in 1972 and served as Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords under Margaret Thatcher from 1982 to 1986


The Heath government continued to experience difficulties with oil embargoes and union demands for wage increases in 1973, and lost the February 1974 general election add something


The television critic Clive James, writing in "The Observer" during the voting for the leadership, compared her voice of 1973 to a cat sliding down a blackboard add something


BBC2 "News Extra" on Tuesday night rolled a clip from May 1973 demonstrating the Thatcher sneer at full pitch add something


Labour formed a minority government, and went on to win a narrow majority in the October 1974 general election add something


Alfred Sherman - In 1974 he co-founded the Centre for Policy Studies with Sir Keith Joseph and Margaret Thatcher


Alfred Sherman - The CPS was the real launching pad for Margaret Thatcher, gradually transforming her from the untried party leader of 1974 into a prime-minister-in-waiting


Gerard Folliott Vaughan - When Margaret Thatcher became leader of the Conservative Party, after Heath's defeat in the general elections of February 1974 and October 1974, Vaughan became her health spokesman


In 1975 Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition, as well as the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom add something


In the second ballot she defeated Heath's preferred successor, William Whitelaw, and became party leader on 11 February 1975; she appointed Whitelaw as her deputy add something


Janet Brown - Beginning with Margaret Thatcher's election as the leader of the Conservative Party in 1975, Brown gained increasing prominence because of her realistic impression of the Tory politician


Christopher Bland - Bland retained his involvement in politics and was critical of changes made by Margaret Thatcher to Conservative Central Office staff shortly after her election as Leader in 1975


Carol Mather - He became less vocal in sharing his views when Margaret Thatcher appointed him as an opposition whip in 1975, soon after she became leader of the Conservatives


John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil - He was a candidate for leader of the Conservative Party in 1975, losing to Margaret Thatcher


Hugh Fraser (politician) - He was an unsuccessful candidate in the Conservative Party's 1975 leadership election, gaining 16 votes in the first round challenging incumbent Edward Heath, with the leadership eventually being won by Margaret Thatcher


John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil - In 1975, he sought to become leader of the Conservative Party, standing in the second ballot after Margaret Thatcher defeated Edward Heath in the first ballot


Francis Newall, 2nd Baron Newall - He took his seat as a Conservative member of the Lords shortly following the return to power of Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, and served as an opposition spokesman and whip from 1976, his tenure ending upon the victory and accession to power of Margaret Thatcher


Peter Parker (British businessman) - Succeeding Sir Richard Marsh, Peter Parker was appointed Chairman of BR in 1976 by the Labour Government and continued to serve during the Premiership of Margaret Thatcher


John Davies (businessman) - However in November 1976 Margaret Thatcher decided to sack the unimpressive Reginald Maudling as Shadow Foreign Secretary and appointed Davies to replace him


Commenting on the local elections of May 1977, "The Economist" noted "The Tory tide swamped the smaller parties add something


David Trefgarne, 2nd Baron Trefgarne - Trefgarne was an opposition Whip from 1977 to 1979 and served in the Conservative administration of Margaret Thatcher as a Government Whip from 1979 to 1981 and as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Trade in 1981, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1981 to 1982, at the Department of Health and Social Security from 1982 to 1983 and at the Ministry of Defence from 1983 to 1985


Her standing in the polls rose by 11 percent after a January 1978 interview for "World in Action" in which she said "the British character has done so much for democracy, for law and done so much throughout the world that if there is any fear that it might be swamped people are going to react and be rather hostile to those coming in add something


A general election was called after James Callaghan's government lost a motion of no confidence in early 1979 add something


Geoffrey Howe abolished Britain's exchange controls in 1979, allowing more capital to be invested in foreign markets, and the Big Bang of 1986 removed many restrictions on the London Stock Exchange add something


In the 1979 General Election, the Conservatives attracted voters from the National Front, whose support almost collapsed add something


Prime Minister James Callaghan surprised many by announcing on 7 September that there would be no general election that year and he would wait until 1979 before going to the polls add something


She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election add something


Trade union membership fell, from 13,5 million in 1979 to fewer than 10 million by the time Thatcher left office in 1990 add something


Thatcher became Prime Minister on 4 May 1979 add something


In a meeting in July 1979 with Lord Carrington and William Whitelaw she objected to the number of Asian immigrants, in the context of limiting the number of Vietnamese boat people allowed to settle in the UK to fewer than 10,000 add something


Malcolm Fraser - During the 1979 Commonwealth Conference, Fraser, together with his Nigerian counterpart, convinced newly-elected British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher to withhold recognition of the internal settlement Zimbabwe Rhodesia government


Richard Norton, 8th Baron Grantley - During the 1979 general election campaign he worked in Margaret Thatcher's Private Office


Michael Foot - Following Labour's 1979 general election defeat by Margaret Thatcher, James Callaghan remained party leader for the next 18 months before he resigned


Percy Cradock - Following the victory of the Conservatives in the general election in 1979, the new Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, adopted a tough line in diplomacy and the question of Hong Kong was no exception


Robert Armstrong, Baron Armstrong of Ilminster - From 1979 to 1987, he served as Secretary of the Cabinet under Margaret Thatcher


Geoffrey Lane, Baron Lane - He had been appointed by the new Lord Chancellor, Lord Hailsham, soon after Margaret Thatcher won the 1979 general election


Grey Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie - He later served under Margaret Thatcher as Minister of State for Employment between 1979 and 1981, as Minister of State for Northern Ireland between 1981 and 1983 at the Northern Ireland Office


Nicholas Henderson - He retired in 1979 but, on the election of Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister in May of that year, she invited him to return to service as Ambassador to Washington, where he served until 1982


Michael Marshall (politician) - He was the first MP with an MBA from Harvard, and was a junior government minister in Margaret Thatcher's first government, from 1979 to 1981


Michael Colvin - His first parliamentary seat was Bristol North West, which he captured from Labour in 1979, when Margaret Thatcher achieved power


Allan Massie - His political views on devolution changed during the Thatcher years and he came to regret his support for the 1979 devolution referendum


Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - In 1979, Monckton met Alfred Sherman, who co-founded the pro-Conservative think tank the Centre for Policy Studies with Margaret Thatcher and Keith Joseph in 1974


Ralph Harris, Baron Harris of High Cross - In 1979, during Margaret Thatcher's first few months in power, he was made a life peer as "'Baron Harris of High Cross"', of Tottenham in Greater London


Ian MacGregor - In 1979, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher came to power and embarked, at first tentatively, on the radical programme of industrial restructuring that would come to be known as Thatcherism


Peter Rees, Baron Rees - In 1979, when the Conservative Party entered government under Margaret Thatcher, he became Minister of State at the Treasury, working to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Geoffrey Howe, before becoming Minister for Trade in 1981


Ronan Bennett - Later Bennett apparently displayed a sympathy towards the Irish National Liberation Army , which made its name after it killed Margaret Thatcher's Northern Ireland advisor Airey Neave in 1979


Bobby Moore - Moore publicly supported Margaret Thatcher in the 1979 General Election


Robert Shirley, 13th Earl Ferrers - When the Conservatives were returned to power under Margaret Thatcher in 1979, Lord Ferrers returned to MAFF, this time as a Minister of State


Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield - On the election of Margaret Thatcher to office in May 1979, he became a Minister of State at the Treasury, a post he held until April 1982


Terence Lewin, Baron Lewin - Promoted to Admiral of the Fleet on 6 July 1979, he went on to be Chief of the Defence Staff in September 1979 and served as a member of the War Cabinet during the Falklands War giving Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher his resolute support when losses began to be suffered


In 1980 and 1981, Provisional Irish Republican Army and Irish National Liberation Army prisoners in Northern Ireland's Maze Prison carried out hunger strikes in an effort to regain the status of political prisoners that had been removed in 1976 under the preceding Labour government add something


Throughout the 1980s revenue from the 90 per cent tax on North Sea oil extraction was used as a short-term funding source to balance the economy and pay the costs of reform add something


Chapman Pincher - Aitken, using information from retired CIA counterespionage chief James Angleton, wrote a highly confidential letter in early 1980 to British PM Margaret Thatcher, outlining Angleton's suspicions of Hollis acting as a double agent


Quinlan Terry - During the 1980s he was appointed by Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister, to renovate the interiors of 10 Downing Street, restored 40 years previously by Raymond Erith, Terry's teacher, after war damage


Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley - Formerly a member of the Conservative Party, he served in Conservative Central Office and worked for Margaret Thatcher's Number 10 Policy Unit during the 1980s


Deng Xiaoping - From 1980, Deng led the expansion of the economy and in political terms, took over negotiations with the United Kingdom to return the territory of Hong Kong, meeting personally with British prime minister Margaret Thatcher


Derek Johnson - He was a leading light in the setting up of the "athletes' union", the International Athletes' Club, he led opposition to Margaret Thatcher's call for sportsmen to boycott the 1980 Moscow Olympics


Edward Bond - His early 1980s plays were directly influenced by the coming to power of the Conservative Party led by Margaret Thatcher and the profound social changes they were bringing about


Barry Burman - In the 1980s, he tackled political themes, most notably the "chauvinism and bloody mindedness" of Margaret Thatcher's premiership and the Falklands War


Derek Laud - In the second half of the 1980s Laud became an aide and speechwriter for Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher


Larry Lamb (newspaper editor) - Lamb was knighted in 1980 on the recommendation of Margaret Thatcher, whose electoral success may have been helped by "The Sun"'s coverage of the industrial strife under the previous Labour government


Nicholas Eden, 2nd Earl of Avon - Lord Avon served under Margaret Thatcher as a Lord-in-Waiting from 1980 to 1983, as Under-Secretary of State for Energy from 1983 to 1984 and as Under-Secretary of State for the Environment from 1984 until shortly before his death from AIDS the following year at the age of 54


Boris Johnson - The chair of the UK Statistics Authority Sir Michael Scholar, who served as private secretary to former Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the early 1980s, wrote to the committee's chair Keith Vaz MP to tell him the figures Johnson had quoted to a panel of MPs "do not appear to stand up to scrutiny"


Bob Mellish, Baron Mellish - The government of Margaret Thatcher was keen to get a Labour figure to sit on the London Docklands Development Corporation as Vice Chairman in 1980 but the Labour Party was entirely opposed to the creation of the LDDC and refused to nominate


Peregrine Worsthorne - Worsthorne has since come to criticise quite strongly the legacy of Margaret Thatcher's government; during the 1980s, his ambivalence to what he saw as her "bourgeois triumphalism" resulted in Worsthorne and the Telegraph being out of favour at 10 Downing Street for some time


Bobby Sands began the 1981 strike, saying that he would fast until death unless prison inmates won concessions over their living conditions add something


The 1981 riots in England resulted in the British media discussing the need for a policy U-turn add something


On 6 November 1981 Thatcher and Irish Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald had established the Anglo-Irish Inter-Governmental Council, a forum for meetings between the two governments add something


John Freeman (British politician) - During this period, he wrote an article in 1981 which criticised what he saw as the heavy-handed, interventionist broadcasting policy of the British government expressed in the ethos of the Independent Broadcasting Authority, and expressed views which would soon come to be closely associated with Margaret Thatcher and the deregulatory, laissez-faire new school of Conservative Party politics


Patrick Minford - He gained prominence in 1981 when 364 leading economists published a statement criticising Margaret Thatcher's economic policies, Minford replied by defending the Government in "The Times"


David Blatherwick (diplomat) - Following criticism of the British government by Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich after the death of hunger strikers Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O'Hara in May 1981, Blatherwick advised the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, on a possible response to the Cardinal


Keith Speed - He was sacked by Margaret Thatcher in May 1981, after refusing to hand in his resignation


Thatcher's popularity during her first years in office waned amid recession and high unemployment, until economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War with Argentina brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her re-election in 1983 add something


The "Falklands factor", an economic recovery beginning early in 1982, and a bitterly divided Labour opposition contributed to Thatcher's second election victory in 1983 add something


The stage show was followed by a 1982 TV special directed by Dick Clement add something


Violence in Northern Ireland escalated significantly during the hunger strikes; in 1982 Sinn Féin politician Danny Morrison described Thatcher as "the biggest bastard we have ever known" add something


On 2 April 1982 the ruling military junta in Argentina ordered the invasion of the British-controlled Falkland Islands and South Georgia, triggering the Falklands War add something


Simon Arthur, 4th Baron Glenarthur - Lord Glenarthur served in the government of Margaret Thatcher in the House of Lords, and in 1982 became a Lord-in-Waiting and became Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department of Health and Social Security in 1983


Angela Thorne - She played the part of Margaret Thatcher to critical acclaim in the satirical, comic farce "Anyone for Denis-", adapted for television in 1982


Denis Walker - On February 10, 1982 he delivered a letter to Margaret Thatcher at 10 Downing Street highlighting the political situation in Zimbabwe


Caroline Cox, Baroness Cox - Her peerage was announced on December 15, 1982 on a list of "working peers", on the recommendation of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and she took the title "'The Baroness Cox"', of Queensbury in Greater London on 24 January 1983


After the 1983 election the sale of state utilities accelerated; more than £29 billion was raised from the sale of nationalised industries, and another £18 billion from the sale of council houses add something


She was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1983, and was the first woman entitled to full membership rights as an honorary member of the Carlton Club on becoming leader of the Conservative Party in 1975 add something


Thatcher succeeded in completely suppressing her Lincolnshire dialect except when under stress, notably after provocation from Denis Healey in the House of Commons in April 1983, when she accused the Labour front bench of being "frit" add something


Thatcher took office in the penultimate decade of the Cold War and became closely aligned with the policies of United States President Ronald Reagan, based on their shared distrust of Communism, although she strongly opposed Reagan's October 1983 invasion of Grenada add something


Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament - During her first year as Prime Minister she supported NATO's decision to deploy US nuclear cruise and Pershing missiles in Western Europe, and permitted the US to station more than 160 cruise missiles at RAF Greenham Common, starting on 14 November 1983 and triggering mass protests by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament add something


Stephen Hastings - Even Margaret Thatcher, whom he counted as an ally, kept him on the backbenches, though she recommended him for a knighthood in 1983


Stephen Hastings - Hastings remained a friend of Margaret Thatcher after his retirement from the Commons in 1983


Gerry Malone - He was elected as MP for Aberdeen South in 1983 as a member of the Thatcher government, but lost the seat to Frank Doran of Labour at the 1987 general election


Cranley Onslow - In Margaret Thatcher's government he was made a Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1983, but resigned a year later


Michael Foot - The "Daily Mirror" was the only major newspaper to back Foot and Labour at the 1983 general election, urging its readers to vote Labour and "Stop the waste of our nation, for your job your children and your future" in response to the mass unemployment that had resulted from Conservative prime minister Margaret Thatcher's monetarist economic policies to reduce inflation


Robin Squire - The only significant office he held during the Thatcher governments was that of Parliamentary Private Secretary to Transport Secretary Linda Chalker between 1983 and 1985


She went on a state visit to the Soviet Union in 1984, and met with Gorbachev and Nikolai Ryzhkov, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers add something


In March 1984 the National Coal Board proposed to close 20 of the 174 state-owned mines and cut 20,000 jobs out of 187,000 add something


Thatcher narrowly escaped injury in an IRA assassination attempt at a Brighton hotel early in the morning on 12 October 1984 add something


Mick McGahey - He played only a supportive role to the later NUM President Arthur Scargill during the historic 1984-1985 miners' strike against Margaret Thatcher's Government's policies towards the mining industry


John Bellingham - In 1984, Patrick Magee made a serious attempt on the life of Margaret Thatcher in the Brighton Bombing


Percy Cradock - Sino-British Joint Declaration - After rounds of negotiations, the Sino-British Joint Declaration was finally initialled by representatives of both Britain and China on 26 September 1984, and on 19 December, the Joint Declaration was formally signed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang in the Great Hall of the People


Alexander Fermor-Hesketh, 3rd Baron Hesketh - Hesketh automatically became a member of the House of Lords but took no active part in politics until he met Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher after the Irish Republican Army's bomb attack on her in Brighton on 12 October 1984


The government closed 25 unprofitable coal mines in 1985, and by 1992 a total of 97 had been closed; those that remained were privatised in 1994 add something


Anglo-Irish Agreement - On 15 November 1985, Thatcher and FitzGerald signed the Hillsborough Anglo-Irish Agreement, the first time a British government had given the Republic of Ireland an advisory role in the governance of Northern Ireland add something


Percy Cradock - Cradock remained a trusted advisor to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who appointed him as Chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee in 1985


Bel Mooney - In 1985 she collaborated with Gerald Scarfe on a satire on Margaret Thatcher and her government, called 'Father Kissmas and Mother Claws


Timothy Mason - In 1985, Mason decided the government of Margaret Thatcher was the harbinger of fascism, advised trade union leaders to start making preparations to go underground, and moved to Italy


Thatcher's preference for defence ties with the US was demonstrated in the Westland affair of January 1986, when she acted with colleagues to allow the struggling helicopter manufacturer Westland to refuse a takeover offer from the Italian firm Agusta in favour of the management's preferred option, a link with Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation add something


In July 1986 the "Sunday Times" reported claims attributed to the Queen's advisers of a "rift" between Buckingham Palace and Downing Street "over a wide range of domestic and international issues" add something


By 1987, unemployment was falling, the economy was stable and strong, and inflation was low add something


In 1987, they organised a comedy tour with British comedians Lenny Henry, Ben Elton, Robbie Coltrane, Harry Enfield and others add something


Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her Community Charge was widely unpopular and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet add something


Thatcher's antipathy towards European integration became more pronounced during her premiership, particularly after her third election victory in 1987 add something


Thatcher, on the other hand, was no friend of the African National Congress , which Geoffrey Howe recalls her dismissing as late as October 1987 as "a typical terrorist organisation" add something


During a 1988 speech in Bruges she outlined her opposition to proposals from the European Community , forerunner of the European Union, for a federal structure and increased centralisation of decision making add something


Andrew Hunter (British politician) - Andrew Hunter was active in thoroughly researching and exposing the Irish Republican Army links with other groups, including the South African African National Congress , and in July 1988 called for Margaret Thatcher to deport all ANC members in Britain


Patrick Haseldine - Haseldine was suspended on 7 December 1988 upon publication of a letter he had written to "The Guardian" in which he publicly accused Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of "self-righteous invective" over her handling of an extradition request


Patrick Haseldine - On 7 December 1988, Haseldine wrote a letter to "The Guardian" from his work address in which he criticised the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher for using "self-righteous invective" over an extradition request for Irishman Patrick Ryan to face terrorism charges in the UK. He contrasted the case to that of the Coventry Four, four South African businessmen charged in 1984 with evading the United Nations Security Council Resolution 418 ban on military exports, who were subsequently released by the Thatcher government


During her talks with US President George H. W. Bush, who had succeeded Reagan in 1989, she recommended intervention, and put pressure on Bush to deploy troops in the Middle East to drive the Iraqi army out of Kuwait add something


Thatcher was challenged for the leadership of the Conservative Party by the little-known backbench MP Sir Anthony Meyer in the 1989 leadership election add something


George H. W. Bush - But European leaders, including François Mitterrand and Margaret Thatcher, encouraged Bush to meet with Gorbachev, something that he did December 2 and 3, 1989


George Herbert Walker Bush - But European leaders, including François Mitterrand and Margaret Thatcher, encouraged Bush to meet with Gorbachev, something that he did December 2 and 3, 1989.


Fela Kuti - In 1989, Fela and Egypt '80 released the anti-apartheid Beasts of No Nation album that depicts on its cover U.S. President Ronald Reagan, UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and South African Prime Minister Pieter Willem Botha.


Stoppages fell steadily throughout the rest of Thatcher's premiership; in 1990 there were 630 and fewer than 2 million working days lost, and they continued to fall thereafter add something


Public disquiet culminated in a 70,000-strong demonstration in London on 31 March 1990; the demonstration around Trafalgar Square deteriorated into the Poll Tax Riots, leaving 113 people injured and 340 under arrest add something


She was in the US on a state visit when Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein invaded neighbouring Kuwait in August 1990 add something


On 1 November 1990 Geoffrey Howe, the last remaining member of Thatcher's original 1979 cabinet, resigned from his position as Deputy Prime Minister over her refusal to agree to a timetable for Britain to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism add something


Robin Squire - After Mrs Thatcher left office in 1990, Squire's political position strengthened and he held junior ministerial positions until the Conservative government fell in 1997


Paul Belien - Beliën stated that he saw in Verhofstadt a transformation from adoring the economic liberalism of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, and the laureling of Ludwig Erhard of Verhofstadt in Belien's magazine "Nucleus" in 1990, to a Third Way position taken by Tony Blair and Bill Clinton, with Verhofstadt ultimately taking an "Old Europe" stance with Jacques Chirac and Gerhard Schröder in 2003


Timothy Bell, Baron Bell - Bell was knighted in 1990 by Margaret Thatcher and made a Life Peer by Tony Blair as Baron Bell of Belgravia in 1998


Robert McCrindle - Despite this he was a loyal Tory, and Margaret Thatcher arranged for him to be knighted in 1990, after her downfall


Hugh Cavendish, Baron Cavendish of Furness - He was created a life peer as "'Baron Cavendish of Furness"', of Cartmel in the County of Cumbria, by Margaret Thatcher in 1990 and is third in line to the dukedom of Devonshire


Janet Brown - In 1990, she recorded a spoken word sequence in her Margaret Thatcher voice for Mike Oldfield's album "Amarok"


James Anderton - In 1990, the BBC musical satire on Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher "Ten Glorious Years" showed actor Ricky Tomlinson portray James Anderton in the style of a US style Moral Majority television evangelist preaching against "Poofs" and "Pinkos"


Elizabeth Douglas-Home, Baroness Home of the Hirsel - She avoided the limelight in life, but by a curious coincidence her memorial service occurred in November 1990 at the height of the crisis which led to the resignation of Margaret Thatcher when she and all connected with her were holed up in 10 Downing Street - and her husband Denis Thatcher broke cover by going to the service


George Gardiner (politician) - When, in November 1990, Margaret Thatcher was on the verge of resignation, Gardiner led a last gasp deputation of loyal MPs to Number 10 to try to persuade her to fight on


In a 1991 interview for Croatian Radiotelevision, Thatcher commented on the Yugoslav Wars; she was critical of Western governments for not recognising the breakaway republics of Croatia and Slovenia as independent states and supplying them with arms after the Serbian-led Yugoslav Army attacked add something


She became a peer in the House of Lords in 1992 with a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire add something


She retired from the House at the 1992 election, aged 66, saying that leaving the Commons would allow her more freedom to speak her mind add something


Thatcher was replaced as Prime Minister and party leader by her Chancellor John Major, who oversaw an upturn in Conservative support in the 17 months leading up to the 1992 general election and led the Conservatives to their fourth successive victory on 9 April 1992 add something


Thatcher was replaced as Prime Minister and party leader by her Chancellor John Major, who oversaw an upturn in Conservative support in the 17 months leading up to the 1992 general election and led the Conservatives to their fourth successive victory on 9 April 1992 add something


In August 1992, Thatcher called for NATO to stop the Serbian assault on Gorajde and Sarajevo to end ethnic cleansing during the Bosnian War add something


Hartley Booth - Booth succeeded Margaret Thatcher as the Conservative Member of Parliament for Finchley from the 1992 general election until the constituency was abolished in the 1997 general election


Arthur Cockfield, Baron Cockfield - He was expected to follow Margaret Thatcher's eurosceptic line, but became a driving force in laying the groundwork for the creation of the Single European Market in 1992


Boris Nemtsov - Nemtsov's reforms won praise from former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who visited Nizhny Novgorod in 1993


After Tony Blair's election as Labour Party leader in 1994, Thatcher praised Blair in an interview as "probably the most formidable Labour leader since Hugh Gaitskell add something


Shortly before her resignation, she accepted the arguments for privatising British Rail, which her successor John Major implemented in 1994 add something


She was appointed a Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter, the UK's highest order of chivalry, in 1995 add something


Robert Mugabe - In 1997, the new British government, led by Tony Blair, unilaterally stopped funding the "willing buyer, willing seller" land reform programme on the basis that the initial £44 million allocated under the Thatcher government was used to purchase land for members of the ruling elite, rather than landless peasants


In 1999, she visited him while he was under house arrest near London add something


Pinochet was released in March 2000 on medical grounds by the Home Secretary Jack Straw, without facing trial add something


In the 2001 general election Thatcher supported the Conservative general election campaign, but did not endorse Iain Duncan Smith as she had done for John Major and William Hague add something


Thatcher suffered several small strokes in 2002 and was advised by her doctors not to engage in any more public speaking add something


Thatcher was voted the fourth greatest British Prime Minister of the 20th century in a poll of 139 academics organised by MORI, and in 2002 was ranked number 16 in the BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons add something


Sir Denis Thatcher died on 26 June 2003 and was cremated on 3 July add something


On 11 June 2004, Thatcher attended the state funeral service for Ronald Reagan add something


After leaving the House of Commons, Thatcher became the first former Prime Minister to set up a foundation; it closed down in 2005 because of financial difficulties add something


Thatcher has been awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honour awarded by the US. She is a patron of The Heritage Foundation, which established the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom in 2005 add something


Thatcher celebrated her 80th birthday at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel in Hyde Park, London, on 13 October 2005; guests included the Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, Princess Alexandra and Tony Blair add something


Conor Murphy - While on a tour of UK party conferences in autumn 2005, he became the first Irish republican to address the Conservative Party conference and caused controversy by refusing to express regret over the Brighton hotel bombing, which killed five people and injured 31 others, in an assassination attempt on the life of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher


In 2006, Thatcher attended the official Washington, D.C. memorial service to commemorate the fifth anniversary of the 11 September 2001 attacks on the United States add something


Rosie Cooper - On 9 August 2006, the Daily Telegraph reported that Cooper had written to No 10 saying that some of her constituents were 'appalled' by the idea that such a divisive figure as Lady Thatcher - who was Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 - could be given a state funeral


In February 2007, Thatcher became the first living UK Prime Minister to be honoured with a statue in the Houses of Parliament add something


After collapsing at a House of Lords dinner, Thatcher was admitted to St Thomas' Hospital in central London on 7 March 2008 for tests add something


Many recent biographers have been critical of aspects of the Thatcher years and Michael White, writing in "New Statesman" in February 2009, challenged the view that her reforms had brought a net benefit add something


Speaking in Scotland in April 2009, before the 30th anniversary of her election as Prime Minister, Thatcher insisted she had no regrets and was right to introduce the poll tax, and to withdraw subsidies from "outdated industries, whose markets were in terminal decline", subsidies that created "the culture of dependency, which had done such damage to Britain" add something


Lindsay Duncan - In February 2009, she played British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in "Margaret"


At the Conservative Party conference in 2010, the new Prime Minister David Cameron announced that he would invite Thatcher back to 10 Downing Street on her 85th birthday for a party to be attended by past and present ministers add something


Ken Livingstone - In September 2010, Livingstone criticised the public spending cuts announced by the recently elected Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government, which he stated amounted to £45 billion a year for London alone, and were "beyond Margaret Thatcher's wildest dreams" as well as threatening to result in widespread division and poverty across the capital


She was invited to the wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton on 29 April 2011 but did not attend, reportedly due to ill health add something


Earlier in July 2011, Thatcher had been named the most competent British Prime Minister of the past 30 years in an Ipsos MORI poll add something


On 4 July 2011, Thatcher was to attend a ceremony for the unveiling of a 10-foot statue to former American President Ronald Reagan, outside the American Embassy but was unable to attend due to frail health add something


On 31 July 2011 it was announced that her office in the House of Lords had been closed down add something


Ed Miliband - In 2011, Miliband spoke positively about some of former Prime Minister and Conservative Leader Margaret Thatcher's policies, saying, "


In September 2012 Miliband was reported to have praised Thatcher for creating an era of aspiration in the 1980s, and is quoted as having said "My dad was sceptical of all the Thatcher aspirational stuff add something


She had been staying at a suite in The Ritz Hotel in London since December 2012 after having difficulty with stairs at her Chester Square home add something


James Anderton - According to documents released in 2012, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher had supported Anderton after he made his AIDS remark and used her position to prevent an inquiry into his conduct


Ed Miliband - In September 2012 Miliband was reported to have praised former Conservative Leader Margaret Thatcher for creating an era of aspiration in the 1980s, and is quoted as having said "My dad was sceptical of all the Thatcher aspirational stuff


Following several years of poor health, Thatcher died on the morning of 8 April 2013 at the age of 87 after suffering a stroke add something


She was the longest-serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century, and the first woman, and until the appointment of a new Prime Minister after the conclusion of the Conservative Party leadership election in 2016, the only woman to have held the office add something


It was revealed in December 2016 that Thatcher had herself failed to register for the poll tax and was threatened with a penalty fine add something