Marvin Gaye

Knowledge Identifier: +Marvin_Gaye


Marvin Gaye

American singer-songwriter and musician whose career spanned more than two decades add

Category: Music

Born in 1939.

Countries: United States (53%), United Kingdom (13%), (10%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Motown, Tammi Terrell, I Want You (Marvin Gaye album)

Linked to: The Temptations, Columbia Records, Four Tops, Motown




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Marvin Gaye was born in 1939 add something


Paul Riser - He went on to become an uncredited trombonist on most of Motown Records' hits in the late 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s , and he has become regarded as one of the most important trombone players in modern music history and his writing and arranging skills are without parallel - having written or arranged on such hits as: "My Girl" and "Papa Was A Rollin' Stone" by The Temptations, "I Heard It Through The Grapevine" by Marvin Gaye, "If I Were Your Woman" by Gladys Knight & The Pips, "Reach Out and Touch written by Ashford and Simpson as perf


Harvey Fuqua - This changed in 1957 when he, in effect, sacked the other members and installed a new group, previously known as the Marquees, which included Marvin Gaye


In 1959, the group signed with Chess and recorded several sides for the label, including the Fuqua-led "Twelve Months of the Year", to which Gaye opened the song on spoken word, and the Marvin-led "Mama Loochie" add something


Following the band's separation in 1960, Gaye began working as a session drummer for the Detroit music label, Anna, before signing with Motown Records in 1961, adding an "e" to his surname add something


Gaye met his first wife, Anna Gordy, in 1960; they dated less than a year later add something


Gaye was introduced to cocaine in the late 1960s add something


Gaye was one of many who shaped the sound and success of Motown Records in the 1960s, becoming that label's top-selling solo artist of that decade with a string of hits including "How Sweet It Is ", "Ain't That Peculiar", "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and his duet singles with singers such as Mary Wells and Tammi Terrell add something


Gaye's vocal style changed in the late 1960s in which he was told to incorporate a sharper raspy voice especially in Norman Whitfield's recordings, which Gaye initially profoundly disliked, considered it out of his range, but said he was "into being produce-able" add something


In 1960, the group disbanded after Harvey Fuqua moved from Chicago to Detroit after starting a musical partnership with Gwen Gordy of the Gordy family add something


One night, during the late 1960s, Gaye attempted suicide with a handgun presumably from a bad acid trip, and was stopped from this attempt by Berry Gordy's father add something


Anna Gordy Gaye - Gordy's biggest success as a songwriter came in the late 1960s and early 1970s, co-writing two major hits for Motown group The Originals, alongside her then-husband Marvin Gaye, including "Baby, I'm For Real" and "The Bells", which featured Anna's niece Iris, as a co-writer


In early 1961, Marvin played drums on The Spinners' Tri-Phi single, "That's What Girls Are Made For", which became the group's first national hit that year add something


Gaye's first album, "The Soulful Moods of Marvin Gaye", released in June 1961, failed to chart, however add something


Anna Gordy Gaye - Other artists such as David Ruffin, Marvin Gaye and Joe Tex recorded for the label, which lasted until 1961, when Berry Gordy absorbed the label and its artists


Gaye's first single, "Let Your Conscience Be Your Guide", found regional success but failed to chart, as would two more of Gaye's recordings by 1962 add something


Later in 1962, Gaye released his first charted hit, "Stubborn Kind of Fellow", which peaked in the low top 50 of the Billboard Hot 100 and reached the top ten on the R&B side add something


In 1964, he scored his first hit duets with singer Mary Wells including "Once Upon a Time", which was later featured on the duo's album, "Together", which became Gaye's first charted album add something


Ray Charles - With the rise of younger soul performers such as James Brown, Otis Redding and Motown singers such as Smokey Robinson, Marvin Gaye and its own blind artist, Stevie Wonder, Charles' successes on the pop and RB charts peaked after 1964 though he remained a huge concert draw.


Early in his career, Gaye had been affected by events such as the 1965 Watts riots and asked himself once, "with the world exploding around me, how am I supposed to keep singing love songs-" When Gaye called Gordy in the Bahamas about wanting to do a protest record, Gordy cautioned him, "Marvin, don't be ridiculous add something


Pete Moore - Pete is an accomplished producer, having produced several hit songs, including The Miracles' 1965 R&B chart hit, Choosey Beggar, their 1969 hit, Here I Go Again,the group's million-selling Top 10 hit, Baby Baby Don't Cry , and the aforementioned "City Of Angels" album, along with albums by Marvin Gaye, and The Supremes


Kim Weston - Her biggest claim to fame was singing the classic hit "It Takes Two" with Marvin Gaye in 1966 and her later recording of the Black National Anthem, "Lift Every Voice and Sing"


In 1967, Gaye began working on duets with singer Tammi Terrell add something


Tammi Terrell - Already depressed from the first diagnosis of her illness back in late 1967 and from her onstage collapse, Marvin Gaye further withdrew from performing following Terrell's death, re-emerging two years later performing during a benefit concert at the newly-opened Kennedy Center at Washington, D.C. in May 1972


Motown - In 1967 Berry Gordy purchased what is now known as "Motown Mansion" in Detroit's Boston-Edison Historic District as his home, leaving his previous home to sister Anna and husband Marvin Gaye


Tears Dry on Their Own - While the melody and lyrics are composed by Winehouse, the music behind her voice is a sample interpolation of Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's 1967 Motown classic hit "Ain't No Mountain High Enough", penned by the married duo of Ashford & Simpson


In October 1968, Gaye's recording of "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" was released and became Gaye's first to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and reached the top of the charts in other countries, selling well over a million copies add something


Martha and the Vandellas - In the summer of 1968, the group joined The Supremes, The Temptations, The Four Tops and Marvin Gaye in performing at the Copacabana though much like albums from the Four Tops and Gaye, a live album of their performance there was shelved indefinitely


Gaye followed it with songs such as "Too Busy Thinking About My Baby" and "That's the Way Love Is", which reached the top-ten on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1969 add something


Tammi Terrell - Late in 1969, Terrell made her final public appearance at the Apollo Theater where Marvin Gaye was headlining the bill


By the late 1970s, it had become an addiction add something


Critics stated that Gaye's music "signified the development of black music from raw rhythm and blues, through sophisticated soul to the political awareness of the 1970s and increased concentration on personal and sexual politics thereafter add something


Following the death of Tammi Terrell in 1970, Gaye went into seclusion, emerging the following year with "What's Going On" and its subsequent album, which helped to make him one of the first artists in Motown to break away from the reins of Motown's production company to be his own artist add something


Other artists such as Maxwell, Nas and Common adapted his early 1970s fashion style of wearing kufis and beanie skull caps and jean outfits which was later appropriated by Eddie Murphy in his role as James "Thunder" Early in "Dreamgirls", while Michael Jackson, who admitted Gaye was an influence on his music and once described his music as "ridiculous" in a good way, in a 2002 interview with "Vibe", allegedly was influenced by Gaye's fashion style in the 1980s adapting the military-styled suits Gaye wore on his final concert tour add something


This style would influence the recordings of other artists such as Stevie Wonder and Barry White making the concept album format a part of 1970s R&B music add something


On March 16, 1970, Tammi Terrell succumbed from brain cancer add something


Joe Sample - In the 1970s, as the Jazz Crusaders became simply the Crusaders and branched out into popular sounds, Sample became known as a L.A. studio musician, appearing on recordings by the likes of Joni Mitchell, Marvin Gaye, Tina_Turner, B. B. King, Joe Cocker, Minnie Riperton and Anita Baker


During Gaye's 1971-1972 "What's Going On" period, "Jet" magazine once named him the "inner city's musical poet" add something


The song was eventually released on January 17, 1971 and quickly shot to number-one on the R&B charts within a month staying there for five weeks, reaching number-two on the Billboard pop chart and the Record World chart, and number-one on Cashbox's pop chart for a week, selling over two million copies add something


James Jamerson - In fact, it wasn't until 1971, when he was acknowledged as "the incomparable James Jamerson" on the sleeve of Marvin Gaye's "What's Going On", that his name even showed up on a major Motown release


What's Going On (Marvin Gaye album) - "'What's Going On"' is the eleventh studio album by soul musician Marvin Gaye, released May 21, 1971, on the Motown-subsidiary label Tamla Records


Gaye first responded to the new contract with the soundtrack and subsequent score, "Trouble Man", released in late 1972 add something


Let's Get It On - In the spring of 1972, Marvin Gaye was suffering from writer's block


Killing Me Softly with His Song - In September 1972, Flack was opening for Marvin Gaye at the Greek Theater; after performing her prepared encore song, Flack was advised by Gaye to sing an additional song


They filed for legal separation in early 1973, with Gordy filing for divorce two years later, the divorce finalized a year and a half afterwards add something


"What's Going On" and its 1973 follow-up, "Let's Get It On" became among the first concept albums in R&B music add something


Gaye's next serious relationship occurred after meeting Janis Hunter in March 1973, while recording for the "Let's Get It On" album add something


Let's Get It On - "'Let's Get It On"' is the twelfth studio album by American recording artist Marvin Gaye, released August 28, 1973, on Tamla Records


The strong reaction to the live version of "Distant Lover", an album track from "Let's Get It On", prompted Motown to remix the song and release it as a single in 1974 to keep up the demand for Marvin product add something


Despite his promise not to tour following Tammi Terrell's death, due to pressure from fans and Motown, Gaye agreed to his first tour in four years, starting off at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum on January 4, 1974 add something


Gaye and Hunter had two children together, daughter Nona and son Frankie , and married in October 1977 in New Orleans, following Gaye's divorce from Anna Gordy, but the marriage was troubled by the couple's drug abuse and infidelities, and they divorced in February 1981 add something


Aretha Franklin - The album that featured the song, "Let Me in Your Life", was released later that year and nearly went gold featuring her hit covers of Wilson Pickett's and Bobby Womack's "I'm in Love" and Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing" in 1974


Gaye continued to tour into 1975 following Gaye's success in sold-out concert dates add something


In October 1975, Gaye gave a performance at a UNESCO benefit concert at New York's Radio City Music Hall to support UNESCO's African literacy drive, resulting in him to be commended at the United Nations by then-Ambassador of Ghana Shirley Temple Black and Kurt Waldheim add something


I Want You (Marvin Gaye album) - By 1975, Marvin Gaye had come off of the commercial and critical success of his landmark studio album "Let's Get It On" , its successful supporting tour following the album's release, and "Diana & Marvin" , a duet project with Diana Ross


James Taylor - However, James Taylor's artistic fortunes spiked again in 1975 when the Gold album "Gorilla" reached No. 6 and provided one of his biggest hit singles, a cover version of Marvin Gaye's "How Sweet It Is ", which featured wife Carly in backing vocals and reached No. 5 in America and No. 1 in Canada


Gaye dedicated his 1976 album, "I Want You", to Hunter add something


Gaye's next studio album, "I Want You", followed in 1976 with the title track becoming a top-20 smash add something


Leon Ware - Best known for crafting the hit album, "I Want You", originally recorded for Ware, until friend and Motown icon Marvin Gaye was assigned to the album in 1976


Ernie Barnes - It gained international exposure when it was used on the "Good Times" television series and on a 1976 Marvin Gaye album


I Want You (Marvin Gaye album) - "'I Want You"' is the fourteenth studio album by American soul musician Marvin Gaye, released March 16, 1976, on Motown-subsidiary label Tamla Records


That summer, Gaye embarked on his first European tour in a decade, starting off in England, where he recorded a concert tour at the London Palladium, resulting in the release of "Live at the London Palladium", released in 1977 add something


"Live at the London Palladium" eventually sold over two million copies in 1977 and was one of its top-ten best-selling albums in the US according to "Billboard" figures that year add something


Gaye released his 1978 album, "Here, My Dear", inspired by the fallout of his marriage add something


In December 1978, after over two years without a studio release, Gaye issued the personal "Here, My Dear" album, inspired by the fallout of his first marriage to Anna Gordy add something


Nothing Was the Same - Drake said that Marvin Gaye's 1978 double album "Here, My Dear" had been a big influence on his current musical direction and he had been doing recording in Gaye's old studio "Marvin's Room"


Here, My Dear - In November 1978 of 1975, Gaye's estranged first wife, Anna Gordy Gaye, sued Gaye for divorce, claiming irreconcilable differences and seeking money in palimony for support of their adopted son, Marvin Gaye III. Gaye later argued his spending habit was causing him to fall behind on payments


Here, My Dear - "'Here, My Dear"' is the fifteenth studio album by music artist Marvin Gaye, released December 15, 1978, on Motown-subsidiary label Tamla Records


Following his attempted suicide by ingesting a full ounce of cocaine in 1979, Gaye turned to freebasing add something


In 1979, Gaye attempted suicide a second time by ingesting an ounce of cocaine while in Hawaii, later stating, "I just wanted to be left alone and blow my brains on high-octane toot add something


After spending years as a European tax exile in the early 1980s, Gaye returned on the 1982 Grammy award-winning hit, "Sexual Healing" and the "Midnight Love" album add something


In 1980, Gaye went on a marginally successful European tour add something


Titling the album, "In Our Lifetime-", Gaye provided work on the album for much of 1980 in London studios such as Air and Odyssey Studios add something


Deon Estus - During the early 1980s, he appeared as a session bassist on several mainstream albums, including Marvin Gaye's 1982 comeback album, "Midnight Love"


Electronic music - The first band to use it was Yellow Magic Orchestra in 1980, and it would later gain widespread popularity with the release of Marvin Gaye's "Sexual Healing" and Afrika Bambaataa's "Planet Rock" in 1982


Another documentary, focusing on his 1981 documentary, "Transit Ostend", titled "Remember Marvin", was seen in 2006 add something


Following several months of recovery, Gaye sought a comeback onstage, starting the short-lived "Heavy Love Affair" tour in England and Ostend between June and July of 1981 add something


Gaye's addiction subsided after moving to Belgium in 1981, under the advice of concert promoter Freddy Couseart add something


Motown remixed the album and issued it on January 15, 1981 add something


On February 4, 1981, under the advice of music promoter Freddy Couseart, Gaye relocated to Couseart's apartment in Ostend add something


He remained sober until his return to the United States in late 1982 add something


When word got around that Gaye was planning a musical comeback and an exit from Motown, CBS Urban president Larkin Arnold eventually was able to convince Gaye to sign with CBS. On March 23, 1982, Motown and CBS Records negotiated for Gaye to be released from Motown add something


The first single, "Sexual Healing", was released on September 30, 1982, and became a huge hit, reaching number-one on the R&B chart, where it stayed for ten weeks add something


Zapp (band) - Among the songs, only one of them - 1982's "Dance Floor, Part 1" - managed to hit number-one on the R&B chart while two of Roger's solo numbers - a cover of Marvin Gaye's "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and "I Want to Be Your Man" - hit the top spot of that chart


Teddy Pendergrass - By early 1982, Pendergrass was the leading R&B male artist of his day usurping competition including closest rivals Marvin Gaye and Barry White


Harvey Fuqua - In 1982 he reunited with Marvin Gaye to produce the singer's "Midnight Love" album, which included the single "Sexual Healing"


Cheryl Lynn - The 2nd single from the album, "If This World Were Mine" - a 1982 duet with Luther Vandross that cover-versioned a Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell song, has become a classic


Gaye would tell an interviewer in 1983 that during his exile that he was a "manic depressive, I was at my lowest ebb add something


His 1983 NBA All-Star performance of the national anthem was used in a Nike commercial featuring the 2008 US Olympic basketball team add something


The success later translated to the top ten on the pop chart in January 1983, while the record reached international success, reaching the top spot in New Zealand and Canada and reaching the top-10 in the United Kingdom, later selling over two million copies, becoming Gaye's most successful single to date add something


In February 1983, Gaye performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at the NBA All-Star Game, held at The Forum in Inglewood, California, accompanied by Gordon Banks who played the studio tape from stands add something


Gaye embarked on his first US tour in years on April 18, 1983 in San Diego, California add something


The tour ended on August 14, 1983 at the Pacific Amphitheatre in Costa Mesa, California but was plagued by cocaine-triggered paranoia and illness add something


Pino Palladino - Examples of Paul Young's newfound success were the band's cover of the Marvin Gaye classic "Wherever I Lay My Hat", which reached No. 1 in the UK singles chart for three weeks in summer of 1983, and "Love of the Common People"


NBA All-Star Game - One of the more memorable performances was given by Marvin Gaye during the 1983 game; Gaye was accompanied by Gordon Banks, who played a tape from an all night session that used numerous elements of soul music and funk, and Banks still has that historic tape of the music to which Gaye sang his soulful version


In early 1984, "Midnight Love" was nominated for a Grammy in the Best Male R&B Vocal Performance, his fourteenth and final nomination add something

Marvin Gaye died in 1984 add something


On March 31, 1984, Gaye and his parents were involved in an argument over misplaced business documents, which occurred in Gaye's bedroom add something


After a violent argument with his father, he was shot dead by him on April 1, 1984 add something


When VH1 launched on January 1, 1985, Gaye's 1983 rendition of the national anthem was the very first video to be aired add something


In 1986, the song was covered by Buddy Miles as part of a California Raisins ad campaign add something


A year later, Gaye's mother founded the Marvin P. Gaye Jr. Memorial Foundation in dedication to her son to help those suffering from drug abuse and alcoholism; however she died a day before the memorial was set to open in 1987 add something


Gaye was posthumously inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 add something


In 1987, Gaye was posthumously inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame add something


Also, on CBS Sports' final NBA telecast to date at the conclusion of Game 5 of the 1990 Finals, they used Gaye's 1983 All-Star Game performance over the closing credits add something


Nona Gaye - The daughter of soul music legend Marvin Gaye and granddaughter of jazz great Slim Gaillard, she began her career as a vocalist in the early 1990s


In 1996, he was posthumously given the Grammy award for lifetime achievement add something


In 1997, Motown issued a shelved late 1970s Gaye ballads album, titling it "Vulnerable" add something


Let's Get It On - On September 18, 2001, "Let's Get It On" was reissued by Motown as a two-disc deluxe edition release, featuring 24-bit digital remastering of the original album's recordings, previously unissued material and a 24-page booklet which contains the original LP liner notes by Marvin Gaye, as well as essays from Gaye biographers David Ritz and Ben Edmunds


Ben Harper - In 2002, Harper was one of the featured singers covering Motown hits by Marvin Gaye in the documentary, "Standing in the Shadows of Motown"


In 2003, he was listed at No. 18 on the "Rolling Stone" list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time add something


I Want You (Marvin Gaye album) - On July 29, 2003, "I Want You" was reissued by Motown as a two-disc expanded edition release, featuring 24-bit digital remastering of the original album's recordings, previously unissued material, and a 24-page booklet, which contains the original LP liner notes by Marvin Gaye, as well as comprehensive essays by writers including David Ritz


Tweet (singer) - In late 2004, Tweet joined Cee-Lo Green and Teedra Moses on the 2004 Seagram's Gin Live Tour in promotion of her new single, "Turn da Lights Off" The song was produced by Missy Elliott and Kwamé, featured vocals from Elliott and contained a sample of Marvin Gaye's "If This World Were Mine" and Nat King Cole's "Lost April"


Nate James - James released his debut album, "Set The Tone" in 2005 which is heavily influenced by soul artists such as Marvin Gaye, Prince and Stevie Wonder


In 2006, an old park that Gaye frequented as a teenager called Watts Branch Park in Washington was renamed Marvin Gaye Park add something


Amy Winehouse - On 31 December 2006, Winehouse appeared on Jools Holland's Annual Hootenanny and performed a cover of Marvin Gaye's "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" along with Paul Weller and Holland's Rhythm and Blues Orchestra


In 2007, his song, "A Funky Space Reincarnation", was used in the Charlize Theron-starred ad for Dior J'Adore perfume add something


Five years later, in 2008, he was listed at No. 6 on its 100 Greatest Singers list add something


O. T. Fagbenle - He has performed multiple times for the BBC including the lead role in "Six Degrees of Separation", playing Marvin Gaye in a biopic, and two roles in the BBC Radio adaptation of "The Color Purple", which went on to win the Sony Radio Academy *awards for Drama in 2009


A biopic, "Sexual Healing", focused on the period in which a despondent Gaye relocated to Belgium to recover from drug addiction, directed by Julien Temple, produced by Vassal Benford and starring Jesse L. Martin as Gaye, had began production during most of 2013 but was delayed three weeks before the film was to be completed after Focus Features decided to ditch the project due to financial issues add something


On April 26, 2013, Focus Features International was reported to handle worldwide sales for Temple's untitled film and Van Damme was replaced by producers Frederick Bestall of Auric Entertainment and Jimmy De Brebant of Delux Productions, along with executive producers Vassel Benford and Peter Davy add something


However on June 13, 2013, it was announced that Focus Features was no longer involved in the film add something


Ralph Brown - In 2013 he worked on the aborted Marvin Gaye film "Sexual Healing" directed by Julian Temple, and the ABC series "The Assets" in Vilnius, Lithuania


Jesse L. Martin - On March 4th, 2013, it was announced that Martin would replace Lenny Kravitz as Marvin Gaye in an upcoming biopic directed by Julien Temple, and produced by Vassal Benton and Fred Bestall


Jesse L. Martin - On March 4, 2013, it was announced that Martin would replace Lenny Kravitz as Marvin Gaye in an upcoming biopic directed by Julien Temple, and produced by Vassal Benton and Fred Bestall


Although the film was slated to be released in April 1, 2014, the project has since been in development hell add something


In August 2014, Gaye was inducted to the official Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame in its second class add something


In October 2015, the Songwriters Hall of Fame announced Gaye as a nominee for induction to the Hall's 2016 class after posthumous nominations were included add something


Gaye was named as a posthumous inductee to that hall on March 2, 2016 and will be inducted on June 9, 2016 add something


Gaye was subsequently inducted to the Songwriters Hall on June 9, 2016 add something


In July 2016, it was announced that a feature film documentary on Gaye will be released next year delving into the life of the musician and the making of his 1971 album, "What's Going On" add something


In November 2016, it was announced that actor Jamie Foxx was billed to produce a limited biopic series on the singer's life add something


In July 2018, a bill by California politician Karen Bass to rename a post office in South Los Angeles after Gaye was signed into law by President Donald Trump add something


Marvin later alleged that Gordy and him clashed over Marvin's political views, and for that reason, he was forced to shelve the album's release and substitute "Trouble Man." However, Universal Music Group announced in 2019 that "You're the Man" would receive an official release add something


"You're the Man" was finally released on March 29, 2019, through Motown, Universal Music Enterprises, and Universal Music Group add something