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California
(Animal)
Douglas Fairbanks
(Movies & TV)
Charlie Chaplin
(Movies & TV)
United Artists
(Media and Entertainment)
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
(Movies & TV)
Norma Talmadge
(Movies & TV)
John Barrymore
(Movies & TV)
 

See also

Mary Pickford

Knowledge Identifier: +Mary_Pickford

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Mary Pickford

Canadian motion picture actress, co-founder of the film studio United Artists and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences add

Category: Movies & TV

Born in 1892.

Countries: United States (68%), California (9%), United Kingdom (4%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: California, Douglas Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin

Linked to: United Artists, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Paramount Pictures, American Film Institute

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Mary Pickford.


Mary Pickford was born in 1892 add something


1895

She was raised Roman Catholic after her alcoholic father left his family in 1895 add something


1900

By the early 1900s, acting had become a family enterprise add something


1906

In 1906 Mary, Lottie and Jack supported the great Irish American singer Chauncey Olcott on Broadway in the play "Edmund Burke" add something


1907

Lottie Pickford - In 1907 Mary adopted the stage name ' Mary Pickford'


1909

Pickford added to her 1909 Biographs with films from California add something

 

On April 19, 1909, the Biograph Company director D. W. Griffith screen-tested her at the company's New York studio for a role in the nickelodeon film "Pippa Passes" add something

 

Florence La Badie - She had appeared in 185 films since 1909, 32 fewer than Mary Pickford's 217 films during the same period


1910

It is believed she became pregnant by Moore in the early 1910s and had a miscarriage or an abortion add something

 

Throughout the 1910s and 1920s, Pickford was believed to be the most famous woman in the world, or, as a silent-film journalist described her, "the best known woman who has ever lived, the woman who was known to more people and loved by more people than any other woman that has been in all history add something

 

In January 1910, Pickford traveled with a Biograph crew to Los Angeles add something

 

Pickford left Biograph in December 1910 and spent 1911 starring in films at Carl Laemmle's Independent Moving Pictures Company add something

 

Blanche Sweet - By 1910 she had become a rival to Mary Pickford, who had started for Griffith the year before

 

Independent film - In early 1910, director D.W. Griffith was sent by the Biograph Company to the west coast with his acting troupe, consisting of performers Blanche Sweet, Lillian Gish, Mary Pickford, Lionel_Barrymore, and others

 

Cinema of the United States - They were quickly followed by others who either built new studios or who leased facilities in Fort Lee. In the 1910s and 1920s, film companies such as the Independent Moving Pictures Company, Peerless Studios, The Solax Company, Éclair Studios, Goldwyn Picture Corporation, American Méliès , World Film Company, Biograph Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Pathé Frères, Metro Pictures Corporation, Victor Film Company, and Selznick Pictures Corporation were all making pictures in Fort Lee. Such notables as Mary Pickford got their start at Biograph Studios


1911

She married Owen Moore, an Irish-born silent film actor, on January 7, 1911 add something


1912

IMP was absorbed into Universal Pictures in 1912, along with Majestic add something

 

Pickford made her last Biograph picture, "The New York Hat," in late 1912 and returned to Broadway in the David Belasco production of "A Good Little Devil add something

 

Unhappy with their creative standards, she returned to work with Griffith in 1912 add something

 

James Kirkwood, Sr. - He started directing in 1912, and became a favorite of Mary Pickford

 

Lillian Gish - In 1912, their friend Mary Pickford introduced the sisters to D. W. Griffith, and helped get them contracts with Biograph Studios

 

Dorothy Gibson - With contemporary Mary Pickford, Gibson was the highest paid movie actress in the world at the time of her premature retirement in May 1912


1913

In 1913, she decided to work exclusively in film add something


1914

Mary Fuller - Fuller became a major early movie star who, by 1914, rivaled Mary Pickford in popularity


1915

Fred Astaire - Some sources state that the Astaire siblings appeared in a 1915 film entitled Fanchon, the Cricket, starring Mary Pickford, but the Astaires have consistently denied this.


1916

In 1916, Pickford's films were distributed, singly, through a special distribution unit called Artcraft add something

 

Pickford first demanded these powers in 1916, when she was under contract to Adolph Zukor's Famous Players In Famous Plays add something

 

Her appeal was summed up two years later by the February 1916 issue of "Photoplay" as "luminous tenderness in a steel band of gutter ferocity" add something

 

Marshall Neilan - At the end of 1916, Neilan was hired by Mary Pickford Films where he directed Pickford in several productions including "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm" and "The Little Princess" in 1917, plus "Stella Maris", "Amarilly of Clothes-Line Alley", "M'Liss" in 1918, and "Daddy-Long-Legs" in 1919

 

Douglas Fairbanks - Fairbanks met actress Mary Pickford at a party in 1916 and they began an affair

 

June Caprice - In 1916 William Fox searched to find a "second Mary Pickford

 

Olive Thomas - She married actor Jack Pickford, the younger brother of silent film star Mary Pickford in 1916


1917

Mary Alden - After making "Less Than The Dust" with Mary Pickford in 1917, she took a temporary leave from motion pictures, acting for a while on the stage

 

Jane Wolfe - She went on to become one of the leading character actors of the decade, appearing in more than one hundred films including an important secondary role in the 1917 Mary Pickford film, "Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm"

 

Leatrice Joy - Signed under contract with Samuel Goldwyn Studios, her first role for the studio was in 1917's "The Pride of the Clan" opposite Mary Pickford

 

Eleanor Gates - The first film, produced in 1917, was "The Poor Little Rich Girl", which starred Mary Pickford


1918

They toured the US together in 1918 to promote Liberty Bond sales for the World War I effort add something

 

Louise Lovely - Lovely became one of Universal's major early stars and a challenger to Mary Pickford's status as the golden girl of early silent cinema, but was dropped by the studio in 1918 following a contract dispute

 

William John Locke - Probably the most famous of Locke's books adapted to the screen was the 1918 Pickford Film Corporation production of "Stella Maris" starring Mary Pickford


1919

In 1919, she increased her power by co-founding United Artists with Charlie Chaplin, D. W. Griffith, and her soon-to-be husband, Douglas Fairbanks add something

 

Charlie Chaplin - In 1919, Chaplin co-founded the United Artists film distribution company with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, all of whom were seeking to escape the growing power consolidation of film distributors and financiers in the developing Hollywood studio system.

 

Frances Marion - In 1919, she wed Fred Thomson, who co-starred with Mary Pickford in "The Love Light" in 1921


1920

Pickford and Fairbanks produced and shot their films after 1920 at the jointly owned Pickford-Fairbanks studio on Santa Monica, California Boulevard add something

 

Pickford had became an American citizen upon her marriage to Douglas Fairbanks in 1920 add something

 

Pickford divorced Moore on March 2, 1920, and married Fairbanks on March 28 of the same year add something

 

Pedro Regas - A veteran Greek stage actor, Regas was spotted on the Broadway stage by Mary Pickford who persuaded him to go to Hollywood and be in pictures, which he did in 1920 and continued to play in films for 50 years

 

Paul Powell (director) - He is best known for directing Mary Pickford in Pollyanna in 1920

 

Andrew Wyeth - In the 1920s Wyeth's father had become a celebrity and the family often had celebrities as guests, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald and Mary Pickford.

 

Kenelm Foss - With Mary Pickford, Charlie_Chaplin and others he published "Practical Course in Cinema Acting in Ten Complete Lessons" in 1920


1921

Leftover funds from her work selling Liberty Bonds were put toward its creation, and in 1921, the Motion Picture Relief Fund was officially incorporated, with Joseph Schenck voted its first president and Mary Pickford as its vice president add something

 

Frank Weatherwax - Frank Weatherwax played a bully in "Little Lord Fauntleroy" in 1921 with Mary Pickford

 

Vincent Coleman - Coleman was eventually groomed by the studios to become a leading man and had starring roles in the 1921 George Fawcett directed remake of the 1914 Mary Pickford comedy film "Such A Little Queen" and "The Magic Cup", released the same year before returning to Broadway in July 1921 to star in the Sam H. Harris produced play "Nice People" opposite renowned stage actress Tallulah Bankhead


1922

Allan Dwan - Robin Hood - After making a series of westerns and comedies, Dwan directed fellow Canadian Mary Pickford in several very successful movies as well as her husband, Douglas Fairbanks, notably in the acclaimed 1922 'Robin Hood'

 

Ernst Lubitsch - Lubitsch finally left Germany for Hollywood in 1922, contracted as a director by Mary Pickford.


1925

Marjorie Montgomery - In 1925 Montgomery entered the Mary Pickford silhouette contest which selected a lookalike of America's sweetheart

 

Norma Talmadge - She continued to make successful films such as "The Lady" directed by Frank Borzage and the romantic comedy "Kiki" directed by Clarence Brown, remade later by Mary Pickford as a sound film in 1931


1926

William Beaudine - In 1926 he made "Sparrows", the story of orphans imprisoned in a swamp farm starring Mary Pickford


1927

Lucien Littlefield - He played Mary Pickford's father in My Best Girl in 1927


1928

Charlotte died of breast cancer in March 1928 after several operations add something

 

On March 29, 1928, a radio show was broadcast from Pickford's bungalow, featuring Douglas Fairbanks, Charles Chaplin, Norma Talmadge, Gloria Swanson, John Barrymore, D.W. Griffith and Dolores del Rio, among others, to speak on the "The Dodge Brothers Hour" to prove they could meet the challenge of talking movies add something


 

In addition to her Oscar as best actress for "Coquette" , Mary Pickford received an Academy Honorary award for a lifetime of achievements in 1976 add something

 

She played a reckless socialite in "Coquette" , a role where she no longer had her famous ringlets, but rather a 1920s bob; Pickford had cut her hair in the wake of her mother's death in 1928 add something

 

Norma Talmadge - On March 29, 1929, at the bungalow of Mary Pickford, United Artists brought together Talmadge, Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, Charles Chaplin, Gloria Swanson, John Barrymore, Dolores del Río and D.W. Griffith to speak on the radio show "The Dodge Brothers Hour" to prove that Griffith could meet the challenge of talking movies


1930

By 1930, Pickford's career as an actress had greatly faded add something

 

When Fairbanks' romance with Sylvia,_Lady_Ashley (Sylvia_Ashley) became public in the early 1930s he and Pickford separated add something

 

Mei Lanfang - In 1930 he toured North America, visiting Hollywood, where he welcomed by Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford


1932

In 1932, Pickford spearheaded the "Payroll Pledge Program," a payroll-deduction plan for studio workers who gave one half of one percent of their earnings to the MPRF. As a result, in 1940 the Fund was able to purchase land and build the Motion Picture Country House and Hospital add something


1933

When she retired from acting in 1933, Pickford continued to produce films for United Artists, and she and Chaplin remained partners in the company for decades add something

 

King Baggot - In 1933, Baggot and former leading lady Florence Lawrence, Paul Panzer and another former great star of the silent era, Francis Ford, were given bit parts in what would be former co-star Mary Pickford's last movie, "Secrets"


1934

Amelia Earhart - Earhart was a vigorous advocate for female pilots and when the 1934 Bendix Trophy Race banned women, she openly refused to fly screen actress Mary Pickford to Cleveland to open the races


1937

On June 24, 1937, Pickford married her third and last husband, actor and band leader Charles 'Buddy' Rogers add something


1943

The family home had been demolished in 1943, and many of the bricks delivered to Pickford in California add something

 

The bungalow was the first prize in a lottery in Toronto to benefit war charities, and Pickford herself unveiled the home on May 26, 1943 add something


1948

Pola Negri - In 1948, director Billy Wilder approached Negri to appear as Norma Desmond in the film "Sunset Boulevard" , after Mae Murray, Mae West, and Mary Pickford declined the role


1950

Gloria Swanson - After Mae West and several former silent screen actresses all declined the role, in 1950 Swanson starred in Sunset Boulevard, portraying Norma Desmond, a faded silent movie star who falls in love with the younger screenwriter Joe Gillis, played by William Holden.

 

Alfred E. Green - In a durable career lasting until the 1950s, Green directed some major stars such as Mary Pickford, Wallace Reid, and Colleen Moore


1955

Chaplin left the company in 1955, and Pickford followed suit in 1956, selling her remaining shares for three million dollars add something

 

Olive Thomas - In Mary Pickford's 1955 autobiography "Sunshine and Shadow", she wrote:


1960

Laraine Day - Day was politically conservative and in October 1960 she appeared in the Nixon-Lodge Bumper Sticker Motorcade Campaign in Los Angeles along with such fellow Republicans as Ginger Rogers, Cesar Romero, Irene Dunne, Dick Powell, Mary Pickford and John Payne


Mary Pickford died in 1979 add something

 

On May 29, 1979, Pickford died at a Santa Monica, California hospital of complications from a cerebral hemorrhage she had suffered the week before add something


1980

The 1980 stage musical "The Biograph Girl" about the silent film era features the character of Pickford add something


1986

Tom Mix - Those memorialized include Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Will_Rogers, Conrad Nagel, Rudolph Valentino, Fred Niblo, Harold Lloyd and Mix. There is Tom Mix museum in Dewey, Oklahoma and from 1986-2002 was another in his birthplace of Mix Run, Pennsylvania


1993

In 1993, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her add something


1999

She received a posthumous star on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto in 1999 add something


2003

In 2003, Ronnie recalled that "Things didn't work out that much, you know add something


2007

In 2007, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences sued the estate of the deceased Buddy Rogers' second wife, Beverly Rogers, in order to stop the public sale of one of Pickford's Oscars add something


2009

Maria Newman - December 16, 2009: Composer Maria Newman conducting a live chamber orchestra to her original score for the fully restored Mary Pickford silent film classic, "Daddy Long Legs," hosted by Pickford Foundation curator Hugh Munro Neely


2011

From January 2011 until July 2011, the Toronto International Film Festival is exhibiting a collection of Mary Pickford memorabilia in the Canadian Film Gallery of the TIFF Bell LightBox building add something

 

In February 2011, the Spadina Museum, a museum dedicated to the 1920s and 1930s era in Toronto, will stage performances of 'Sweetheart: The Mary Pickford Story add something


2013

In 2013, a copy of an early Pickford film that was thought to be lost was found by Peter Massie, a carpenter tearing down an abandoned barn in New Hampshire add something