Knowledge Identifier: $Massachusetts



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (77%), (7%), United Kingdom (4%)

Main connections: Ted Kennedy, Connecticut, United States House of Representatives

Linked to: Harvard University, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Boston University, Democratic Party




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Although Massachusetts was the first slave-holding colony dating back to the early 1600s, in the years leading up to the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center of progressivist and abolitionist activity add something


In the early 1600s, after contact had been made with Europeans, large numbers of the indigenous peoples in the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by virgin soil epidemics such as smallpox, measles, influenza, and perhaps leptospirosis add something


Massachusetts has a long political history; earlier political structures included the Mayflower Compact of 1620, the separate Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, and the combined colonial Province of Massachusetts add something


Massachusetts was founded and settled by Brownist Puritans in 1620 and soon after by other groups of Separatists/Dissenters, Nonconformists and Independents from 17th century England add something


Plymouth was the site of the first colony in New England, founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims, passengers of the "Mayflower" add something


The first English settlers in Massachusetts, the Pilgrims, arrived via the "Mayflower" at Plymouth in 1620, and developed friendly relations with the native Wampanoag people add something


Unlike the Plymouth colony, the bay colony was founded under a royal charter in 1629 add something


The Pilgrims were soon followed by other Puritans, who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in 1630 add something


In 1636, Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island and Hutchinson joined him there several years later add something


In 1641, Massachusetts expanded inland significantly, acquiring the $ Connecticut River Valley settlement of Springfield, which had recently disputed with, and defected from its original administrators, the Connecticut Colony add something


Among those who objected to this later in the century were the English Quaker preachers Alice and Thomas Curwen, who were publicly flogged and imprisoned in Boston in 1676 add something


Massachusetts was a center of the movement for independence from Great_Britain; colonists in Massachusetts had long uneasy relations with the British monarchy, including open rebellion under the Dominion of New England in the 1680s add something


In 1691, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth were united into the Province of Massachusetts Bay add something


In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria, the Salem witch trials add something


Paul Revere - Paul Revere, Massachusetts was born in 1734


Paul Revere - Paul Revere, Massachusetts was born in the North End of Boston on December 21, 1734, according to the Old Style calendar in use, or January 1, 1735, in the modern calendar


Abigail Adams - Adams, as well as her husband, was an active member of First Parish Church in Quincy, Massachusetts, which became Unitarian in doctrine by 1753


The most destructive earthquake yet known in New England occurred in 1755, causing considerable damage across Massachusetts add something


French and Indian War - Protests against British attempts to tax the colonies after the French and Indian War ended in 1763 led to the Boston Massacre in 1770, and the 1773 Boston Tea Party escalated tensions add something


Abigail Adams - The couple married on October 25, 1764, five days before John's 29th birthday, in the Smiths' home in Weymouth, Massachusetts


Paul Revere - Seven Years' War - Revere, Massachusetts's business began to suffer when the British economy entered a recession in the years following the Seven Years' War, and declined further when the Stamp Act of 1765 resulted in a further downturn in the Massachusetts economy


Paul Revere - In 1770 Revere, Massachusetts purchased a house on North Square in Boston 's North End. Now a museum, the house provided space for his growing family while he continued to maintain his shop at nearby Clark's Wharf


Paul Revere - From December 1773 to November 1775, Revere, Massachusetts served as a courier for the Boston Committee of Public Safety, traveling to New York and Philadelphia to report on the political unrest in Boston


In 1774, the Intolerable Acts targeted Massachusetts with punishments for the Boston Tea Party and further decreased local autonomy, increasing local dissent add something


Paul Revere - In 1774, the military governor of Massachusetts, General Thomas Gage, dissolved the provincial assembly on orders from Britain


Anti-Parliamentary activity by men such as Samuel Adams and John Hancock, followed by reprisals by the British government, were a primary reason for the unity of the Thirteen Colonies and the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775 add something


Paul Revere - When British Army activity on April 7, 1775, suggested the possibility of troop movements, Joseph Warren sent Revere, Massachusetts to warn the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, sitting in Concord, Massachusetts , the site of one of the larger caches of Patriot military supplies


Paul Revere - During this time, Revere, Massachusetts and a group of 30 "mechanics" began meeting in secret at his favorite haunt, the "Green Dragon", to coordinate the gathering and dissemination of intelligence by "watching the Movements of British Soldiers", as he would write in an account of his April 18, 1775 ride


Israel Putnam - Battles of Lexington and Concord - On April 20, 1775, when Putnam received news of the Battles of Lexington and Concord that started the war the day before, he left his plow in the field and rode in eight hours, reaching Cambridge, Massachusetts the next day and offering his services to the patriot cause


Paul Revere - Upon returning to Boston in 1776, Revere, Massachusetts was commissioned a major of infantry in the Massachusetts militia in that April, and transferred to the artillery a month later


Paul Revere - On March 21, 1776, several days after the British army left Boston , Revere, Massachusetts, Warren's brothers, and a few friends went to the battlefield and found a grave containing two bodies


In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts add something


Timothy Dwight IV - On news of his father's death in the fall of 1778, he resigned his commission and returned to take charge of his family in Northampton, Massachusetts


Adams was highly involved in the push for separation from Britain and the writing of the Constitution of Massachusetts in 1780 which, in the Elizabeth Freeman and Quock Walker cases, effectively made Massachusetts the first state to have a constitution that declared universal rights and, as interpreted by Supreme Judicial Court Chief Justice William Cushing, abolished slavery add something


The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted, and eight years before the present United States Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788 add something


Timothy Dwight IV - Declining calls from churches in Beverly, Massachusetts and Charlestown, he chose instead to settle from 1783 until 1795 as minister in "Greenfield Hill," a congregational church in Fairfield, Connecticut


Abigail Adams - In 1784, she and her daughter Nabby joined her husband and her eldest son, John Quincy, Massachusetts, at her husband's diplomatic post in Paris


From 1786 to 1787, an armed uprising, known as Shays' Rebellion led by Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays wrought havoc throughout Massachusetts and ultimately attempted to seize the Federal armory add something


In 1786, Shays' Rebellion, a populist revolt led by disaffected American Revolutionary War veterans, influenced the United States Constitutional Convention add something


Abigail Adams - They returned in 1788 to a house known as the "Old House" in Quincy, Massachusetts, which she set about vigorously enlarging and remodeling


On February 6, 1788, Massachusetts became the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution add something


Vermont became a state in 1791 but did not fully ban slavery until 1858 with the Vermont Personal Liberty Law. The Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780 made Pennsylvania the first state to abolish slavery by statute add something


Paul Revere - Beginning in 1792 he became one of America's best-known bell casters, working with sons Paul Jr. and Joseph Warren Revere, Massachusetts in the firm Paul Revere, Massachusetts & Sons


Paul Revere - In 1794, Revere, Massachusetts decided to take the next step in the evolution of his business, again finding a novel use for his furnace that could create a new product line and reach another untapped market for manufactured goods


The nation's first Marine Hospital was erected by federal order in Boston in 1799 add something


Abigail Adams - After John's defeat in his presidential re-election campaign, the family retired to Quincy, Massachusetts in 1800


Paul Revere - In 1801, Revere, Massachusetts became a pioneer in the production of rolled copper, opening North America's first copper mill south of Boston in Canton, Massachusetts


Paul Revere - The copper works founded in 1801 continues today as the Revere Copper Company, with manufacturing divisions in Rome, New York and New Bedford, Massachusetts


Paul Revere - Copper from the Revere Copper Company was used to cover the original wooden dome of the Massachusetts State House in 1802


Massachusetts General was founded in 1811 and serves as the largest teaching hospital for nearby Harvard University add something


Paul Revere - Paul Revere, Massachusetts died in 1818


Nathaniel Hawthorne - In 1819, he was sent back to Salem, Massachusetts for school and soon complained of homesickness and being too far from his mother and sisters


In 1820, Maine separated from Massachusetts and entered the Union as the 23rd state as a result of the ratification of the Missouri Compromise add something


Susan B. Anthony - In 1826, when she was six years old, the Anthony family moved from Massachusetts to Battenville, New York


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Emerson met his first wife, Ellen Louisa Tucker, in Concord, Massachusetts , New Hampshire on Christmas Day, 1827, and married her when she was 18


Daniel Webster - With the support of a coalition of both Federalists and Republicans, Webster's record in the House and his celebrity as an orator led to his June 1827 election to the Senate from Massachusetts


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Emerson returned to the United States on October 9, 1833, and lived with his mother in Newton, Massachusetts, until October, 1834, when he moved to Concord, Massachusetts , Massachusetts, to live with his step-grandfather Dr. Ezra Ripley at what was later named The Old Manse


Although significant opposition to abolitionism existed early on in Massachusetts, resulting in anti-abolitionist riots between 1835 and 1837, opposition to slavery gradually increased throughout the next few decades add something


Ralph Waldo Emerson - In July 1835, he bought a house on the Cambridge and Concord, Massachusetts Turnpike in Concord, Massachusetts which he named "Bush"; it is now open to the public as the Ralph Waldo Emerson House


Ralph Waldo Emerson - He gave a lecture to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the town of Concord, Massachusetts on September 12, 1835


Ralph Waldo Emerson, who was born in Boston but spent much of his later life in Concord, largely created the philosophy with his 1836 work "Nature", and continued to be a key figure in the movement for the remainder of his life add something


Daniel Webster - In 1836, Webster was one of four Whig Party candidates to run for the office of President, but he only managed to gain the support of Massachusetts


Dorothea Dix - After she returned to America, in 1840-41, Dix conducted a statewide investigation of how her home state of Massachusetts cared for the insane poor


Amos Bronson Alcott - Alcott left Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire) on May 8, 1842, to a visit to England, leaving his brother Junius with his family


Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Henry Stanton studied law under his father-in-law until 1843, when the Stantons moved to Boston , Massachusetts, where Henry joined a law firm


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Charles Lane purchased a farm in Harvard, Massachusetts, in May 1843 for what would become Fruitlands, a community based on Utopian ideals inspired in part by Transcendentalism


Amos Bronson Alcott - In May 1843, he purchased a farm in Harvard, Massachusetts


Amos Bronson Alcott - In January 1844, Alcott moved his family to Still River, a village within Harvard, Massachusetts but, on March 1, 1845, the family returned to Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire) to live in a home they named "The Hillside"


Ralph Waldo Emerson - By August 1, 1844, at a lecture in Concord, Massachusetts , he stated more clearly his support for the abolitionist movement


Louis Agassiz - With the aid of a grant of money from the King of Prussia, Agassiz crossed the Atlantic in the autumn of 1846 with the twin purposes of investigating the natural history and geology of North America and delivering a course of 12 lectures on The Plan of Creation as shown in the Animal Kingdom, by invitation from J. A. Lowell, at the Lowell Institute in Boston , Massachusetts


Nathaniel Hawthorne - Hawthorne was appointed the corresponding secretary of the Salem, Massachusetts Lyceum in 1848


Amos Bronson Alcott - In 1848, Abby May insisted they leave Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire), which she called "cold, heartless, brainless, soulless"


Nathaniel P. Banks - Banks served as a Democrat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1849 to 1853, and was speaker in 1851 and 1852; he was president of the state Constitutional Convention of 1853, and in the same year was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a coalition candidate of Democrats and Free-Soilers


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Emerson would continuously refer to Thoreau as his best friend, despite a falling out that began in 1849 after Thoreau published "A Week on the Concord, Massachusetts and Merrimack Rivers"


Susan B. Anthony - In late 1850, Anthony read a detailed account in the New York Tribune of the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts


Nathaniel Hawthorne - Hawthorne and his family moved to a small red farmhouse near Lenox, Massachusetts at the end of March 1850


Daniel Webster - On March 7, 1850, Webster gave one of his most famous speeches, later called the "Seventh of March" speech, characterizing himself "not as a Massachusetts man, nor as a Northern man but as an American


In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory education laws add something


Louis Agassiz - In 1852 he accepted a medical professorship of comparative anatomy at Charlestown, Massachusetts, but he resigned in two years


Nathaniel Hawthorne - In 1852, the Hawthornes returned to Concord, Massachusetts


Daniel Webster - Webster died on October 24, 1852 at his home in Marshfield, Massachusetts, after falling from his horse and suffering a crushing blow to the head, complicated by cirrhosis of the liver, which resulted in a cerebral hemorrhage


Amos Bronson Alcott - In March 1853, Alcott was invited to teach fifteen students at Harvard, Massachusetts Divinity School in an extracurricular, non-credit course


Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - On June 14, 1853, Longfellow held a farewell dinner party at his Cambridge, Massachusetts home for his friend Nathaniel Hawthorne, who was preparing to move overseas


Emerson's friend, Henry David Thoreau, who was involved in Transcendentalism, recorded his year spent alone in a small cabin at nearby Walden Pond in the 1854 work "Walden; or, Life in the Woods" add something


Henry Wadsworth Longfellow - Longfellow retired from teaching in 1854 to focus on his writing, living the remainder of his life in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in a former headquarters of George Washington


Nathaniel P. Banks - Re-elected in 1856 as a Republican, he resigned his seat in December 1857, and was governor of Massachusetts from 1858 to 1860, during a period of government contraction forced by the depression of those years


Amos Bronson Alcott - Alcott and his family moved back to Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire) after 1857, where he and his family lived in the Orchard House until 1877


Nathaniel P. Banks - He made a serious attempt to gain the Republican presidential nomination in 1860, but discord within his party in Massachusetts, a residence in a "safe" Republican state, and his Know-Nothing past doomed his chances


Amos Bronson Alcott - In 1860, Alcott was named superintendent of Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire) Schools


Daniel Webster - Fletcher Webster commanded the 12th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, and was killed in action on August 29, 1862, during the Second Battle of Bull Run


Horatio Alger, Jr. - On December 8, 1864 Alger was installed as pastor with the First Unitarian Church and Society of Brewster, Massachusetts


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Emerson's Concord, Massachusetts home caught fire on July 24, 1872; Emerson called for help from neighbors and, giving up on putting out the flames, all attempted to save as many objects as possible


Louis Agassiz - He died in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1873 and was buried at Mount Auburn Cemetery, joined later by his wife


On March 10, 1876 at Boston University, he was able to communicate with his assistant Thomas A. Watson in the next room add something


Amos Bronson Alcott - The result was the Concord,_Massachusetts (New_Hampshire) School of Philosophy and Literature, which held its first session in 1879 in Alcott's study in the Orchard House


A significant Jewish population immigrated to the Boston and Springfield areas between 1880 and 1920 add something


Alfred North Whitehead - In 1880, Whitehead matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he was fourth wrangler and gained his BA in 1884


Frederick Law Olmsted - In 1883 Olmsted established what is considered to be the first full-time landscape architecture firm in Brookline, Massachusetts


Robert Frost - After his death on May 5, 1885, the family moved across the country to Lawrence, Massachusetts, under the patronage of William Frost, Sr., who was an overseer at a New England mill


Amos Bronson Alcott - The Concord, Massachusetts School of Philosophy, which closed following Alcott's death in 1888, was reopened almost 90 years later in the 1970s


Robert Frost - Frost graduated from Lawrence, Massachusetts High School in 1892


Robert Frost - Having graduated, she agreed, and they were married at Lawrence, Massachusetts on December 19, 1895


Horatio Alger, Jr. - In 1896, he had a "nervous breakdown"; he relocated permanently to his sister's home in South Natick, Massachusetts


Frederick Law Olmsted - In 1898 he moved to Belmont, Massachusetts, and took up residence as a patient at McLean Hospital, whose grounds he had designed several years before


The European corn borer, a significant agricultural pest, was first found in North America near Boston, Massachusetts in 1917 add something


By the 1920s, competition from the South and Midwest, followed by the Great Depression, led to the collapse of the three main industries in Massachusetts: textiles, shoemaking, and precision mechanics add something


Amelia Earhart - Soon after, she found employment first as a teacher, as a social worker in 1925 at Denison House, living in Medford, Massachusetts


Sylvia Plath - On April, 27 1935, Plath's brother Warren was born and in 1936 the family moved to 92 Johnson Avenue, Winthrop, Massachusetts


George H. W. Bush - Beginning in 1936, he attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, where he held a large number of leadership positions including president of the senior class, secretary of the student council, president of the community fund-raising group, a member of the editorial board of the school newspaper, and captain of both the varsity baseball and soccer teams


Timothy Leary - Timothy Leary attended the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts from September 1938 to June 1940


Nancy Reagan - She attended the Girls' Latin School of Chicago , graduated in 1939, and later attended Smith College in Massachusetts, where she majored in English and drama and graduated in 1943


Sylvia Plath - After his death, Aurelia Plath moved her children and her parents to 26 Elmwood Road, Wellesley, Massachusetts in 1942


L. Ron Hubbard - He briefly commanded two anti-submarine vessels, the USS "YP-422" and USS "PC-815", in coastal waters off Massachusetts, Oregon and California in 1942 and 1943 respectively


Walter Gropius - In 1945, Gropius founded The Architects' Collaborative based in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a group of younger architects


Alfred North Whitehead - When he died in 1947 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S., there was no funeral, and his body was cremated


A great majority of interstates in Massachusetts were constructed during the mid 20th century, and at times were controversial, particularly the intent to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, first proposed in 1948 add something


This decline would continue into the later half of the century; between 1950 and 1979, the number of Massachusetts residents involved in textile manufacturing declined from 264,000 to 63,000 add something


Sylvia Plath - Plath attended Bradford Senior High School in Wellesley, Massachusetts, graduating in 1950


Throughout the mid 20th century, Massachusetts has gradually shifted from a Republican-leaning state to one largely dominated by Democrats; the 1952 victory of John F. Kennedy over incumbent Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. is seen as a watershed moment in this transformation add something


Ruth Gordon - In 1953's "The Actress," Gordon's film adaptation of her own autobiographical play, "Years Ago", became a Hollywood production, with Jean Simmons portraying the girl from Quincy, Massachusetts, who convinced her sea captain father to let her go to New York to become an actress


Kurt Vonnegut - Early in his adult life he moved to Barnstable, Massachusetts, a town on Cape Cod, where, in 1957, he established one of the first Saab dealerships in the U.S. The business failed within a year


Paul Revere - A 25-cent 1958 U.S. postage stamp in the Liberty Series honors Paul Revere, Massachusetts, featuring the portrait by Gilbert Stuart


Ralph Waldo Emerson - Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1959


Madeleine Albright - She attended &Wellesley, Massachusetts College, in Wellesley, Massachusetts, on a full scholarship, majoring in political science and graduated in 1959


Madeleine Albright - The couple were married in Wellesley, Massachusetts in 1959, shortly after her graduation


Timothy Leary - Leary and Alpert founded the International Foundation for Internal Freedom in 1962 in Cambridge, Massachusetts


Children of businessman and ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. included John F. Kennedy, who was a senator and U.S. president before his assassination in 1963, Robert F. Kennedy, who was a senator, U.S. attorney general, and presidential candidate before his assassination in 1968, Ted Kennedy, a senator from 1962 until his death in 2009, and Eunice Kennedy Shriver, a co-founder of the Special Olympics add something


Timothy Leary - On May 6, 1963, the Harvard Corporation voted, because Timothy F. Leary, lecturer on clinical psychology, has failed to keep his classroom appointments and has absented himself from Cambridge, Massachusetts without permission, to relieve him from further teaching duty and to terminate his salary as of April 30, 1963


In 1966, Massachusetts became the first state to directly elect an African American to the U.S. senate with Edward Brooke add something


The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century add something


Walter Gropius - Gropius died in 1969 in Boston , Massachusetts, aged 86


In the 1970s, the Commonwealth ranked as a relatively high-tax state, gaining the pejorative nickname "Taxachusetts" add something


Opposition to continued construction grew, and in 1970 Governor Francis W. Sargent issued a general prohibition on most further freeway construction within the I-95/Route 128 loop in the Boston area add something


Suburbanization flourished, and by the 1970s, the Route 128 corridor was dotted with high-technology companies who recruited graduates of the area's many elite institutions of higher education add something


The state housed the first openly gay member of the United States House of Representatives, Gerry Studds, in 1972 and in 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to allow same-sex marriage add something


In 1974, Elaine Noble became the first openly lesbian or gay candidate elected to a state legislature in US history add something


Pockets of Republican strength are in the central areas along the I-495 crescent, Hampden County, and communities on the south and north shores, but the state as a whole has not given its Electoral College votes to a Republican in a presidential election since Ronald Reagan carried it in 1984 add something


Ruth Gordon - Gordon died from a stroke in Edgartown, Massachusetts in 1985


Ruth Gordon - On August 28, 1985, Ruth Gordon died at her summer home in Edgartown, Massachusetts, following a stroke


In 1987, the state received federal funding for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project add something


Additionally, Massachusetts has had a diplomatic relationship with the Japanese prefecture of Hokkaido since 1988 add something


Bruce Willis - In 1988, he and then-wife Demi Moore openly campaigned for Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis's Presidential bid


Although Republicans held the governor's office continuously from 1991 to 2007 and from 2015 onwards, they have been among the most moderate Republican leaders in the nation add something


Saul Bellow - In order to take up his appointment at Boston , Bellow moved in 1993 from Chicago to Brookline, Massachusetts, where he died on April 5, 2005, at age 89


"Paul Revere's Ride" , 1775 in depth add something


Most of the county governments were abolished by the state of Massachusetts beginning in 1997 including Middlesex County, the largest county in the state by population add something


Massachusetts's electricity generation market was made competitive in 1998, enabling retail customers to change suppliers without changing utility companies add something


It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000 add something


Many areas of Massachusetts showed relatively stable population trends between 2000 and 2010 add something


Marwan al-Shehhi - On September 10, 2001, Shehhi was one of four hijackers, including Fayez Banihammad, Mohand al-Shehri, and Satam al-Suqami, sharing a room at the Milner Hotel in Boston , Massachusetts


A number of contemporary national political issues have been influenced by events in Massachusetts, such as the decision in 2003 by the state Supreme Judicial Court allowing same-sex marriage and a 2006 bill which mandated health insurance for all Bay Staters add something


In 2004, Massachusetts senator John Kerry who won the Democratic nomination for President of the United States narrowly lost to incumbent George W. Bush add something


On May 17, 2004, Massachusetts became the first state in the U.S. to legalize same-sex marriage after a Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruling in November 2003 determined that the exclusion of same-sex couples from the right to a civil marriage was unconstitutional add something


David Suzuki - In 2006, Suzuki was the recipient of the Bradford Washburn Award presented at the Museum of Science in Boston , Massachusetts


In 2007, Governor Deval Patrick signed into law a state holiday, Nonprofit Awareness Day. add something


In 2008, Massachusetts voters passed an initiative decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana add something


Samuel P. Huntington - Huntington died on December 24, 2008, at age 81 in Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts


His younger brother Edward M. Kennedy held that seat until his death from a brain tumor in 2009 add something


Mary McAleese - On 24 May 2009, she was awarded an honorary doctorate of law from Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts


Eunice Kennedy Shriver - On August 9, 2009, she was admitted to Cape Cod Hospital in Hyannis, Massachusetts, with an undisclosed ailment


Eunice Kennedy Shriver - On August 14, 2009, an invitation-only Requiem Mass was celebrated for Shriver at St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church in Hyannis, Massachusetts


Foreign immigration is a factor in the state's population growth, causing the state's population to continue to grow as of the 2010 Census add something


Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010 add something


Benoit Mandelbrot - Mandelbrot died in a hospice in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 14 October 2010 from pancreatic cancer, at the age of 85


As of 2012, there were 7,755 farms in Massachusetts encompassing a total of , averaging apiece add something


Eight years later, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney lost to Barack Obama in 2012 add something


In U.S. presidential elections since 2012, Massachusetts has been allotted 11 votes in the electoral college, out of a total of 538 add something


Voters in Massachusetts approved a ballot measure in 2012 that legalized the medical use of marijuana add something


According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Massachusetts had the sixth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6,73 percent add something


As of the summer of 2013 the Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority in collaboration with the MBTA and the Massachusetts Department of Transportation is operating the CapeFLYER providing passenger rail service between Boston and Cape Cod. add something


In 2013, Massachusetts scored highest of all the states in math and third-highest in reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress add something


Two pressure cooker bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013, at around 2:49 pm EDT add something


As of the 2014 election, the Democratic Party holds a significant majority over the Republican Party add something


CNBC's list of "Top States for Business for 2014" has recognized Massachusetts as the 25th-best state in the nation for business, and for the second year in a row the state was ranked by Bloomberg as the most innovative state in America add something


According to 2015 rankings by "U.S. News & World Report", Massachusetts General Hospital the hospital ranked in the top three in two specialties add something


As of 2015, a number of freight railroads were operating in Massachusetts, with CSX being the largest carrier add something


Boston-Logan International Airport is the busiest airport in New England, serving 33,4 million total passengers in 2015, and witnessing rapid growth in international air traffic since 2010 add something


In 2015, the United Health Foundation ranked the state as third-healthiest overall add something


In 2015, twelve Fortune 500 companies were located in Massachusetts: Liberty Mutual, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, TJX Companies, EMC Corporation, Raytheon, Staples Inc., Global Partners, Thermo Fisher Scientific, State Street Corporation, Biogen, Eversource Energy, and Boston Scientific add something


The airport served 33,5 million passengers in 2015, up from 31,6 million in 2014, and is used by around 40 airlines with a total of 103 gates add something


This decision was eventually superseded by the U.S. Supreme Court's affirmation of same-sex marriage in the United States in 2015 add something


Following the approval of a ballot question endorsing legalization in 2016, Massachusetts began issuing licenses for the regulated sale of recreational marijuana in June 2018 add something


It was included in the United States presidential election, 2016 ballot in Massachusetts as an indirectly initiated state statute add something


On November 8, 2016, Massachusetts voted in favor of The Massachusetts Marijuana Legalization Initiative, known as Question 4 add something


In February 2017, "U.S. News & World Report" ranked Massachusetts the best state in the United States based upon 60 metrics including healthcare, education, crime, infrastructure, opportunity, economy, and government add something


Hartford-Springfield Commuter Rail began operation in 2018 add something


In 2018, Massachusetts' overall educational system was ranked the top among all fifty U.S. states by "U.S. News & World Report" add something


The licensed sale of recreational marijuana became legal on July 1, 2018, however the lack of state-approved testing facilities prevented the sale of any product for several weeks add something