Max Mosley

Knowledge Identifier: +Max_Mosley


Max Mosley

Former president of the F add

Category: Politics

Born in 1940.

Countries: United Kingdom (35%), (16%), France (13%)

Main connections: Formula One, Federation Internationale de l'Automobile, Formula Two

Linked to: Conservative Party, Formula One Constructors Association, March Engineering, News of the World




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Max Mosley was born in 1940 add something


Sir Oswald and Lady Mosley were released from detention at HMP Holloway on 16 November 1943, provoking widespread public protests add something


In 1950, the Mosleys bought houses in Ireland, and in Orsay, near Paris add something


Mosley and Alexander were photographed posing as Teddy Boys in Notting Hill during the 1958 race riots between Afro-Caribbeans and local white gangs of Teddy Boys add something


The following year, they canvassed for their father when he ran as a Union Movement candidate for the nearby Kensington North seat in the 1959 General Election add something


During the early 1960s, Mosley was a member of the Territorial Army, training as a parachutist add something


On 9 June 1960 he married at the Chelsea Register Office Jean Taylor, the daughter of James Taylor, a policeman from Streatham add something


He attended Christ Church at Oxford University, graduating with a degree in physics in 1961 add something


In 1961, Mosley campaigned under the slogan "Free speech for fascists", when his father's invitation to speak at the Union was opposed add something


Mosley was later an election agent for the Union Movement, supporting Walter Hesketh as parliamentary candidate for Moss Side in 1962 add something


The motor racing journalist Alan Henry describes him as one of his father's "right-hand men" at the time of a violent incident in 1962, in which Sir Oswald was knocked down by a mob in London and saved from serious injury by his son's intervention add something


In 1964, Mosley himself was a prospective UM candidate add something


At national level in the UK, Mosley competed in over 40 races in 1966 and 1967; he won 12 and set several class lap records add something


Early in the year, Mosley competed in the 1968 Deutschland Trophäe, the Formula Two race at Hockenheim in which double world champion Jim Clark was killed, and within two years both of Mosley's 1968 team mates were dead in racing accidents add something


In 1968, he formed the London Racing Team in partnership with driver Chris Lambert to compete in European Formula Two, which at that time was the level of racing just below Formula One. Their cars were prepared by Frank Williams, later a Formula One team owner add something


From 1969, Mosley was invited to represent March at the Grand Prix Constructors' Association , which negotiated joint deals on behalf of its member teams add something


He dealt with legal and commercial matters for the company between 1969 and 1977 add something


In 1969, after two large accidents due to breakages on his Lotus car, Mosley decided that "it was evident that I wasn't going to be World Champion" and retired from driving add something


Although March had few resources and limited experience, the firm announced ambitious plans to enter Formula One, the pinnacle of single-seater racing, in 1970 add something


As a result, March finished third in the 1970 Constructors' Championship add something


In the late 1970s, Mosley became the official legal adviser to the Formula One Constructors Association , the body that represents Formula One constructors add something


Tyrrell started making its own cars towards the end of 1970, and March's 1971 program in Formula One was much reduced, with no recognised front-running driver add something


Mosley organised extensive test sessions for the 1971 cars for journalists and drivers, and arranged a successful scheme for drivers to rent cars and engines for the season, rather than buying them outright add something


The Firestone and STP sponsorship was insufficient and Mosley failed to attract a large backer for 1971 add something


Losing money on a deal to supply Jochen Neerpasch, motorsport manager at Ford, with a Formula Two car paid off when Neerpasch moved to BMW and offered March an exclusive deal in 1972 to use BMW's Formula Two engine add something


Mosley and Rees disagreed over how to rectify the situation and Rees left March early in 1972 add something


The Formula One Constructors Association was created in 1974 by Ecclestone, Colin Chapman, Teddy Mayer, Mosley, Ken Tyrrell and Frank Williams add something


Bernie Ecclestone - In parallel to his activities as team owner, Ecclestone formed the Formula One Constructors Association in 1974 with Frank Williams, Colin Chapman, Teddy Mayer, Ken Tyrrell, and Max Mosley


The cars were rarely frontrunners, although the works team won a single race in both 1975 and 1976 add something


By the end of 1977, Mosley was fed up with the struggle to compete in Formula One with no resources and left to work for FOCA full-time, selling his shares in the company to Herd but remaining as a director add something


He has said that the association of his surname with fascism stopped him from developing his interest in politics further, although he briefly worked for the Conservative Party in the early 1980s add something


In the early 1980s, Mosley attempted a political career, working for the UK Conservative Party and hoping to become a parliamentary candidate add something


In the early 1980s, Mosley represented FOCA in the "FISA-FOCA War", a conflict between FOCA, representing the mainly UK-based independent teams, and FISA, which was supported by the "grandee" constructors owned by road car manufacturers add something


In 1981, FOCA announced its own World Federation of Motor Sport and ran the non-championship 1981 South African Grand Prix add something


Concorde Agreement - In 1982, the year after the first Concorde Agreement was signed, Mosley left his role at FOCA, and Formula One, to work for the Conservative Party add something


Mosley returned to motorsport in 1986, with the support of Ecclestone and Balestre, to become president of the FISA Manufacturers' Commission, the successor to the Bureau Internationale de Constructeurs d'Automobile add something


Nick Wirth - Simtek Research, was founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth


Simtek - The F1 engineering consultancy arm, Simtek Research, was founded in 1989 by Max Mosley and Nick Wirth


Simtek - Simtek Research was founded in August 1989 by Nick Wirth and Max Mosley aiming to provide a cost-effective design, research and development service to the highest possible standards


By the late 1990s he had become a supporter of the UK Labour Party add something


Ecclestone had been building up Formula One as a television package since the early 1990s, investing heavily in new digital television technology add something


Formula One - It was agreed teams must cut spending to the level of the early 1990s within two years; exact figures were not specified, and Max Mosley agreed he would not stand for re-election to the FIA presidency in October


In 1991, Mosley challenged Balestre for the presidency of FISA. Mosley said that his decision to challenge the Frenchman was prompted by Balestre's reported intervention on behalf of his countryman Alain Prost to ensure that race stewards disqualified Brazilian driver Ayrton Senna from the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix add something


In this role he drew up the first version of the Concorde Agreement, which settled a long-standing dispute between FOCA and the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile , the governing body of Formula One. Mosley was elected president of FISA in 1991 and became president of the FIA, FISA's parent body, in 1993 add something


Jean-Marie Balestre - He was replaced as president of FISA in 1991 when he lost the election to Max Mosley in October by a vote of 43 to 29


In 1993, Mosley agreed with Balestre that the Frenchman would stand down as president of the FIA in Mosley's favour, in return for the new role of President of the FIA Senate, to be created after Mosley's election add something


Federation Internationale de l'Automobile - The previous President, who took office in 1993 and began his fourth term in 2005, is Max Mosley


Ayrton Senna - FIA President Max Mosley instead attended the funeral of Ratzenberger which took place on 7 May 1994, in Salzburg, Austria


In 1995, a deal was signed between Ecclestone and the FIA that passed all of the commercial rights to Formula One to him for 15 years, on the condition that they would return to the FIA at the end of that period add something


The FIA became involved in the programme in 1996, taking a lead in promoting it, and Mosley chaired the initiative from its launch as Euro NCAP in 1997 to 2004 add something


Between 1997 and 2000 Mosley repeatedly said that if the EU decision went against the FIA, the marketing organisations and F1 itself would be moved out of Europe add something


The Labour party had pledged to ban tobacco advertising in its manifesto ahead of its 1997 General Election victory, supporting a proposed European Union Directive add something


They refused to sign the 1997 Concorde Agreement without increased financial returns and threatened to make a complaint under European Union competition rules add something


On 6 November correspondents from three newspapers enquired whether Labour had received any donations from Ecclestone; he had donated £1 million in January 1997 add something


Mosley was elected to his second term as president of the FIA in October 1997 add something


Later that year, the EU Commission Directorate-General for Competition made a preliminary decision against Ecclestone and the FIA. The resulting warning letters from van Miert to the FIA and Ecclestone were leaked and ended the attempt to float F1; the FIA won a case against the Commission for the leakage in 1998 add something


The revised directive went into force in June 1998, and banned sponsorship from 2003, with a further three-year extension for "global sports such as Formula One" add something


Although the FIA moved its headquarters out of the EU in 1999, it returned in 2001; all of the F1 teams remain in Europe, and six are in the UK, compared to seven of eleven at the end of 1997 add something


From 2000, Formula One saw the return of teams partly or wholly owned and operated by major motor manufacturers, who feared that under Ecclestone's management F1 coverage would go to pay television, reducing the value of their investment add something


On 5 October 2000, the directive was successfully overturned in the European Court of Justice on the grounds that it was unlawful add something


In 2001, the Grand Prix Manufacturers Association announced an alternative world championship, the Grand Prix World Championship to start by 2008 add something


Mosley was elected to his third term as president of the FIA in 2001 add something


In February 2001, Mosley announced his intention to stand again for the presidency in October of that year, saying that if successful this third term would be his last add something


Sauber - In 2001, Sauber brought a virtually unknown and very inexperienced Kimi Räikkönen into Formula One, despite the protests of a few drivers and influential members of the FIA, including Max Mosley, that he would pose a danger to other drivers


In 2004, Mosley said he felt Ferrari's team principal Jean Todt should succeed him as president of the FIA when he stepped down add something


Northumbria University awarded Mosley an Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law in 2005 add something


Mosley was elected unopposed to his fourth term as president of the FIA in 2005 add something


A new Tobacco Advertising Directive took effect in July 2005; the "Financial Times" described Mosley as "furious" that this was a year earlier than provided for under the 1998 directive add something


Continuing a theme of his presidency, in 2006 Mosley called for Formula One manufacturers to develop technology relevant to road cars add something


The most recent version of the Concorde Agreement expired on 31 December 2007, and a new one was being discussed, as of 2008 add something


At the start of 2008, Mosley said that he wanted to see through reforms such as budget capping and new technologies like KERS successfully introduced into Formula One before retiring add something


In 2008 Mosley won a court case against the News of the World newspaper which had alleged his involvement in a sex act involving some female prostitutes, on the grounds that it had breached his privacy add something


In 2008, stories about his sex life appeared in the British press add something


Mosley won a vote of confidence at an Extraordinary General Meeting of the FIA on 3 June 2008, with 103 votes in support and 55 against, with seven abstentions and four invalid votes add something


In July 2008, Mosley won a High Court legal case against the "News of the World" for invasion of privacy add something


In July 2008, he sent a letter to the Formula One teams, in which he called for the teams to propose future sporting regulations to address specific issues including reduced fuel consumption add something


In December 2008, Mosley said that he still intended to stand down when his term ran out in October 2009, but would take the final decision in June of that year add something


Federation Internationale de l'Automobile - In 2008, accusations surfaced that FIA President Max Mosley was involved in scandalous sexual behaviour


Federation Internationale de l'Automobile - Following a June 2008 decision of the FIA to retain Max Mosley as president, the German branch of the FIA, the ADAC , announced, "We view with regret and incredulity the FIA general assembly's decision in Paris, confirming Max Mosley in office as FIA president


As a result, in 2009 Mosley brought a case against the UK's privacy laws in the European Court of Human Rights, in a bid to force newspapers to warn people before exposing their private lives so they could have the opportunity to seek a court injunction add something


As of 2009, Ferrari is the only F1 team to retain tobacco sponsorship, although the team carries no explicit branding in races because of the European legislation add something


He stood down at the end of his term in 2009 and was replaced by his preferred successor, Jean Todt add something


Mosley has announced a 10-year freeze on the development of engines, which would allow manufacturers to spend more of their budgets on environmentally friendly technology such as the Kinetic Energy Recovery System introduced in 2009 add something


Mosley's close relationship with Ecclestone, the sport's promoter, was criticised in early 2009 by Sir Jackie Stewart, who suggested that Mosley should resign in favour of a CEO from outside motorsport add something


The next day, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association announced its support for FOTA's request for "stability, clear rules, a clear and transparent system of governance" and their threat to form a breakaway series from Formula One. The BBC Sport website reported this as an attack on Mosley's authority and noted that Mosley was expected to stand again for the presidency in 2009 add something


On 5 May 2009, Alexander, a restaurateur, was found dead at his home add something


At an inquest on 10 June 2009 the Westminster coroner declared that he had died due to heroin intoxication add something


Fred Goodwin - In January 2009 it was rumoured that Goodwin was being considered as a replacement for Max Mosley as President of the FIA as Mosley was due to step down in 2009


Portuguese Grand Prix - On April 4, 2009 Max Mosley stated that based on the quality of the Autódromo Internacional do Algarve circuit, the Portuguese Grand Prix could be integrated into the Formula One championship, as long as a commercial agreement with the Formula One Management is achieved


Ari Vatanen - In July 2009 Vatanen declared his interest in being a candidate to stand against Max Mosley in the FIA presidential elections in October, should current president Mosley decide to restand for another term


When the entry list for the 2010 championship was announced on 12 June 2009, the entries of five of the eight FOTA teams remained provisional on their acceptance of the new rules add something


The case was rejected by the court on 10 May 2011 add something


In July 2011, "The Daily Telegraph" reported that Mosley was financially guaranteeing the court costs of claimants who may have been subjected to phone hacking by the "News of the World" add something


On 6 November 2013, a French court ordered Google to prevent its search engine from providing links to images of Max Mosley engaging in sexual activities add something


In January 2014, the German court ruled against the American company add something


Mosley launched proceedings against Google in the UK. All the cases were eventually settled in May 2015 add something


In late February 2018, it was disclosed by the "Daily Mail" that Mosely had published a leaflet in the early 1960s linking black immigration to the spread of diseases add something