Knowledge Identifier: &Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Category: Business (17)
Founded in 1930.
Countries: United States (71%), United Kingdom (6%), (5%)
Linked to: Los Angeles Times, Universal Studios, Motion Picture Corporation of America, Sony Corporation of America
Mickey Rooney - Rooney did other films in his adolescence, including several more of the McGuire films, and signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1934
The studio produced a number of three-color short subjects including 1935's musical "La Fiesta de Santa Barbara", however MGM waited until 1938 to film a complete feature in the process, "Sweethearts" with MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, the earlier of the popular singing team's two films in color
Randall Duell - As construction declined during the Great Depression, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer hired Duell in 1936 to design the set of the Capulet home in Irving Thalberg's production of Romeo and Juliet
Ann Sothern - In 1936, she was signed by RKO Radio Pictures and after a string of films that failed to attract an audience, Sothern left RKO and was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, making her first film for them in 1939
Ann Rutherford - In 1937, Rutherford left Republic and signed a film contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios
Phillip Terry - In 1937, a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer talent scout heard him in one of these broadcasts and arranged an interview
Tommy Bond - As Butch, Bond remained with "Our Gang" an additional three years, staying with the series when it moved to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1938
Igor Gorin - He did a screen test for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and appeared in a secondary role in Broadway Melody of 1938 singing The Toreador Song from "Carmen" and parts of Largo al factotum from "The Barber of Seville"
Harold Arlen - In 1938, the team was hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to compose songs for "The Wizard of Oz"
Carl Switzer - The production rights for "Our Gang" were sold to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1938, and the first two years' worth of MGM-produced series entries focused heavily on the Alfalfa character and his family
Maisie - After a string of other films had failed to attract an audience, Sothern left RKO Radio Pictures and signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, making her first film for MGM in 1939
Lucille Ball - Ball was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s, but she never achieved major stardom from her appearance in those films
Richard Hayman - Hayman started out as a player and arranger for the Borrah Minnevitch Harmonica Rascals before becoming an arranger for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios during the early 1940s
Lennie Hayton - He became musical director for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1940 and guided it through its prime years as forerunner of the movie musical
In 1941, Tex Avery, another Schlesinger alumnus, joined the animation department
Carleton Carpenter - Before signing to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Carpenter was a magician and an actor on Broadway, beginning with David Merrick's first production "Bright Boy" in 1944, followed by co-starring appearances in "Three to Make Ready" with Ray Bolger, "John Murray Anderson's Almanac" and "Hotel Paradiso" with Bert Lahr and Angela Lansbury
Fernando Lamas - In 1951, he signed a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and went on to play "Latin Lover" roles
Dorothy Dandridge - Dandridge won her first starring role in 1953, playing a teacher in a low-budget film with a nearly all-black cast, "Bright Road", released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Marjorie Lawrence - In 1955, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released the film version, "Interrupted Melody", starring Eleanor Parker as Lawrence; Parker loved opera and learned to sing all of the arias, although her singing was later dubbed in by soprano Eileen Farrell
Dean Stockwell - As a child actor under contract to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer he first came to the public's attention in films such as "Anchors Aweigh" and "The Green Years"; as a young adult he played a lead role in the 1957 Broadway and 1959 screen adaptations of Meyer Levin's "Compulsion", a novel based on the true-life story of Leopold and Loeb
Les Girls - "'Les Girls"', known as "'Cole Porter's Les Girls"', is a 1957 musical comedy film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Dorothy Dandridge - In 1958, soon after the French release of "Tamango", Dandridge lined up a co-starring role in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's off-beat thriller "The Decks Ran Red"
Edgar Bronfman, Sr. purchased a controlling interest in MGM in 1966 , and in 1967 Time Inc. became the company's second-largest shareholder
Barbara Babcock - In 1968 she made her debut on the big screen in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer western movie "Day of the Evil Gun", followed by roles in the films "Heaven with a Gun", co-starring Glenn Ford, "Bang the Drum Slowly", "Chosen Survivors", "The Black Marble", "Back Roads" and "The Lords of Discipline"
EMI Films - A subsidiary of the record company & EMI, the name was not used throughout the entire period of EMI's involvement in the film industry, from 1969 to 1986, but the company's brief connection with MGM and Anglo-EMI, the division under Nat Cohen, and the later company as part of the Thorn EMI conglomerate are discussed here
With the decline in output, Kerkorian closed MGM's sales and distribution offices in 1973 and outsourced those functions to United Artists
The Sunshine Boys (film) - "'The Sunshine Boys"' is a 1975 American comedy film directed by Herbert Ross and produced by Ray Stark, released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and based on the play of the same name by Neil Simon, about two legendary comics brought together for a reunion and revival of their famous act
Columbia Pictures - On January 15, 1979, the Justice Department filed an antitrust suit against Kerkorian, to block him from holding stake in Columbia, while controlling MGM. On February 19, 1979, Columbia Pictures Television acquired TOY Productions; the production company founded by Bud Yorkin and writers Saul Turteltaub and Bernie Orenstein in 1976
The company hit a symbolic low point in 1980 when David Begelman, earlier let go by Columbia following the discovery of his acts of forgery and embezzlement, was installed as MGM's President and CEO. Kerkorian did, however, commit to increased production and an expanded film library when he bought United Artists in 1981
MGM proceeded to get back into theatrical distribution in 1981 with its purchase of United Artists, as UA's parent company Transamerica Corporation decided to let go of the studio following the failure of "Heaven's Gate"
Universal Studios - It was replaced by United International Pictures in 1981, when Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer joined the fold
Even more deeply in debt, MGM was purchased by Australia's Seven Network in 1996
Orion Pictures - In 1997, Metromedia sold Orion to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with the deal finalized in late 1998
For some time after the sale, MGM continued to handle home video distribution of its films; those rights were reassigned to Warner Home Video in 1999
In 2000 MGM announced that it was moving its headquarters to a new building in Century City that was to be the first high-rise in Los Angeles to be completed in the 21st century
Priscilla (French singer) - When she was eleven years old, she visited the show "Drôles de petits champions", February 23, 2001, on TF1, she was spotted by the producer of the American company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Patrick Debort
TPG Capital - TPG ventured into the film business in late 2004 in the major leveraged buyout of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
MGM negotiated and struck deals with The Weinstein Company, Lakeshore Entertainment, Bauer Martinez, and many other independent studios, and announced its plans to release 14 feature films for 2006 and early 2007
Eric Goldberg (film director) - He animated the title sequence of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's 2006 remake of "The Pink Panther", with Bob Kurtz of Kurtz and Friends
The Hobbit (film series) - In September 2006, the new ownership and management of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, expressed interest in teaming up with New Line and Jackson to make "The Hobbit"
Epix (TV channel) - The channel's formation was announced on April 21, 2008, after negotiations between Paramount Pictures, MGM and Lions Gate Entertainment with Showtime on new film output deals broke down, the result of a failure between the studios and Showtime to reach an agreement on compensation for providing the channel with each studio's film content
As of 2017, MGM currently co-produces, co-finances and co-distributes a majority of films with Warner Bros.
On May 24, 2018, it was reported that Universal Pictures won the rights