Knowledge Identifier: +Michael_Foot
Born in 1913.
Countries: United Kingdom (77%), India (6%), (4%)
Linked to: European Economic Community, Labour Party, Liberal Party, House of Commons of the United Kingdom
Wadham College, Oxford - Cecil Day-Lewis, later Poet-Laureate, came up in 1923, and Michael Foot M.P. in 1931
On graduating in 1934, he took a job as a shipping clerk in Birkenhead
In 1940, under the pen-name "Cato" he and two other Beaverbrook journalists published "Guilty Men", a Left Book Club book attacking the appeasement policy of the Chamberlain government that became a run-away best-seller
Peter Howard (journalist) - In 1940 he worked with fellow Beaverbrook journalists Michael Foot and Frank Owen to write "Guilty Men", a political polemic about appeasement and the politicians behind it
Foot fought the Plymouth Devonport constituency in the 1945 general election
James Callaghan - Michael Foot and Ian Mikardo remained of the 1945 intake, but Michael Foot had been out of the House from 1955 to 1960 and Mikardo from 1959 to 1964
Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone - Hogg's 1945 book "The Left was Never Right" was a fierce response to two books in Victor Gollancz's 'Victory Books' series, "Guilty Men" by Frank Owen and Michael Foot and "Your M.P." by Tom Wintringham, both published during the war and largely discrediting Tory M.P.s as appeasers and war profiteers
In 1967, Foot challenged James Callaghan but failed to win the post of Treasurer of the Labour Party
Vietnam War - He opposed the government's moves to restrict immigration, join the Common Market and reform the trade unions, was against the Vietnam War and Rhodesia's unilateral declaration of independence, and denounced the Soviet suppression of "socialism with a human face" in Czechoslovakia in 1968
Martin Gilbert - Michael Foot, reviewing a volume of Gilbert's Churchill biography in "The New Statesman" in 1971 praised his meticulous scholarship and wrote, "Whoever made the decision to make Martin Gilbert Churchill's biographer deserves a vote of thanks from the nation
He was deputy leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980, and later became the Leader of the Opposition from 1980 to 1983
Following Labour's 1979 general election defeat by Margaret Thatcher, James Callaghan remained party leader for the next 18 months before he resigned
Gerald Kaufman, once Harold Wilson's press officer and during the 1980s prominent on the Labour right, described the 1983 Labour manifesto as "the longest suicide note in history"
David Owen - Michael Foot's election as Labour party leader indicated that the party was likely to become more left-wing, and in 1980 committed itself to withdrawing from the EEC without even a referendum
Neil Kinnock - He remained as Education spokesman following the resignation of Callaghan as party leader and the election of Michael Foot as his successor in late 1980
Reg Freeson - He remained on the Labour front bench in opposition, as spokesman on health and social security, but was demoted by Michael Foot in 1981
Eric Heffer - In December 1981 he attempted to solve the problem of Michael Foot's denunciation of Peter Tatchell by holding a quick enquiry, but this attempt failed when Foot loyalists passed a motion to refuse Tatchell endorsement
Foot struggled to make an impact and was widely criticised for his ineffectiveness, though his performances in the Commons, most notably on the Falklands war of 1982, won him widespread respect from other parliamentarians
Tony Blair - In contrast to his later centrism, Blair made it clear in a letter he wrote to Labour leader Michael Foot in July 1982, that he had "come to Socialism through Marxism" and considered himself on the left.
Jack Dormand - In November 1982, amidst rumours that a majority of Labour MPs wanted to replace party leader Michael Foot, Dormand gave a radio interview insisting that "I have absolutely no doubt whatever that the vast majority think that Michael Foot is the man for the job at the moment, and will take us into the next general election"
Foot in an interview with the author in 1985 Foot joined the Labour Party and first stood for parliament at the age of 22 in the 1935 general election, when he contested Monmouth
In a February 1992 interview, Gordievsky had claimed that he had no further Labour Party revelations to make
Oleg Gordievsky - In 1995 the former British Labour Party leader Michael Foot received an out of court settlement from "The Sunday Times" after the newspaper alleged, in articles derived from claims in the original manuscript of Gordievsky's book "Next Stop Execution" , that Foot was a KGB "agent of influence" with the codename 'Boot'
Foot was portrayed by Patrick Godfrey in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis' long unproduced "The Falklands Play" and by Michael Pennington in the film "The Iron Lady"
On 23 July 2006, his 93rd birthday, Michael Foot became the longest-lived leader of a major British political party, passing Lord Callaghan's record of 92 years, 364 days
However, in the "Daily Telegraph" in 2010 Charles Moore gave a "full account", which he claimed had been provided to him by Gordievsky shortly after Foot's death, of the extent of Foot's alleged KGB involvement
Jo Brand - Brand introduced and spoke at the celebration of Michael Foot's life at the Lyric Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, on 8 November 2010
A memorial to Foot in Plymouth was vandalised in the wake of the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum in July 2016