Iain Duncan Smith
William Hague
David Cameron
Home Secretary
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Michael Howard

Knowledge Identifier: +Michael_Howard


Michael Howard

British politician, who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1941.

Countries: United Kingdom (80%), (11%), Iraq (3%)

Main connections: Iain Duncan Smith, William Hague, David Cameron

Linked to: Home Secretary, Secretary of State for Employment, Conservative Party, House of Lords




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Michael Howard was born in 1941 add something


"'Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne"', CH, PC, QC, is a British politician, who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005 add something


Howard passed his Eleven-plus exam in 1952, and attended Llanelli Boys' Grammar School add something


Albert Costain - He was Member of Parliament for Folkestone and Hythe from 1959 to 1983, preceding future Conservative leader Michael Howard


Howard was named as co-respondent in the high profile divorce case of 1960s model Sandra Paul, add something


He was President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1962 add something


Howard was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1964, and specialised in employment and planning law add something


In 1964 he was called to the Bar and became a Queen's Counsel in 1982 add something


At the 1966 general election and 1970 general election, Howard unsuccessfully contested the safe Labour parliamentary constituency of Liverpool Edge Hill add something


At the Conservative Party conference in October 1970, he made a notable speech commending the government for attempting to curb trade union power, and called for state aid to strikers' families to be reduced or stopped altogether, a policy which the Thatcher government pursued over a decade later add something


Their son Nicholas was born in 1976, and daughter Larissa in 1977 add something


Unlike his many Cambridge contemporaries, he continued his career at the Bar, becoming a practising Queen's Counsel in 1982 add something


In June 1982, Howard was selected to contest the constituency of Folkestone and Hythe in Kent after the sitting Conservative MP, Sir Albert Costain, decided to retire add something


He became a Member of Parliament in the 1983 General Election, representing the constituency of Folkestone and Hythe add something


Howard voted for the reintroduction of the death penalty for the killing of police officers on duty and for murders carried out with firearms in 1983 and 1990, though he voted against it for cold-blooded and premeditated murder in 1987 and 1990 add something


Howard won the seat at the 1983 general election add something


Howard gained quick promotion, becoming Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Trade and Industry in 1985 with responsibility for regulating the financial dealings of the City of London add something


This junior post became very important, as he oversaw the Big Bang introduction of new technology in 1986 add something


After the 1987 general election, he became Minister for Local Government add something


This quickly led to promotion and Howard became Minister for Local Government in 1987 add something


Peter Thurnham - He became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Employment Norman Fowler from 1987 to 1990, and was PPS to both Eric Forth and Robert Jackson in 1991 to 1992, and finally to Secretary of State for the Environment Michael Howard from 1992 to 1993


Howard guided the 1988 Local Government Finance Act through the House of Commons add something


Ian McKellen - Kellen claimed that when he visited Michael Howard, Environment Secretary, in 1988 to lobby against Section 28, Howard refused to change his position but did ask him to leave an autograph for his children.


He subsequently guided through legislation abolishing the closed shop, and campaigned vigorously for Thatcher in the first ballot of the 1990 Conservative Party leadership contest, although he told her a day before she resigned that he felt she wasn't going to win and that John Major was better placed to defeat Michael Heseltine add something


However, in 1991 he changed his mind and became against the reintroduction of the death penalty, regardless of the crime, and voted against it again in February 1994 add something


He retained his cabinet post under John Major and campaigned against trade union power during the 1992 general election campaign add something


In 1993, after the murder of James Bulger, two eleven-year old boys were convicted of his murder and sentenced to be detained at Her Majesty's pleasure, with a recommended a minimum term of eight years add something


In this capacity he encouraged the United States to participate in the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, but shortly afterwards he was appointed Home Secretary in a 1993 reshuffle initiated by the sacking of Norman Lamont as Chancellor add something


Howard repeatedly clashed with judges and prison reformers as he sought to clamp down on crime through a series of 'tough' measures, such as reducing the right to silence of defendants in their police interviews and at their trials as part of 1994's Criminal Justice and Public Order Act add something


David Lidington - Lidington first joined the Conservative front bench team in August 1994, when he became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Home Secretary Michael Howard


Stephen Tumim - He served under successive Conservative Home Secretaries , until Michael Howard declined to renew his contract in 1995, and David Ramsbotham was appointed


Craig Williamson - In the British House of Commons in June 1995, Peter Hain MP asked through the Home Secretary, Michael Howard, that the British police should interview and consider extraditing Williamson to stand trial for the London bombing


David Ramsbotham, Baron Ramsbotham - Ramsbotham was Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales from 1 December 1995 to 2001 when he was succeeded by Anne Owers CBE. As Chief Inspector of Prisons, he had an at times strained relationship with Home Secretaries Michael Howard and Jack Straw, and this contributed to his contract not being continued for the full eight years that had originally been possible


Pardon - They were pardoned in July 1996 from their sentences of imprisonment both of 18 years, having served some ten months, on the advice of Home Secretary Michael Howard


Pardon - They were pardoned in July 1996 from their sentences of imprisonment both of 18 years, having served some ten months, on the advice of Home Secretary Michael Howard


Despite the election of a third consecutive Labour government, Howard described the election as "the beginning of a recovery" for the Conservative party following Labour's landslide victories in 1997 and 2001 add something


Following the 1997 resignation of John Major, Howard and William Hague announced they would be running on the same ticket, with Howard as leader and Hague as Deputy Leader and Party Chairman add something


The increased minimum term was overturned in 1997 by the House of Lords, who ruled that it was "unlawful" for the Home Secretary to decide on minimum sentences for young offenders add something


His reputation was dented on 13 May 1997 when a critical inquiry into a series of prison escapes was published add something


William Hague - Following the 1997 general election defeat, Hague was elected as the leader of the Conservative Party in succession to John Major, defeating more experienced figures such as Kenneth Clarke and Michael Howard


David Laws - He unsuccessfully contested Folkestone and Hythe in 1997, against Conservative Home Secretary Michael Howard


Daniel Hannan - In 1997 he became an adviser and speechwriter to Michael Howard, Shadow Foreign Secretary, and in 1998 he was given a place on the Conservative candidates' list for the following year's European Parliament election


Ann Widdecombe - In 1997, during the Conservative leadership election of William Hague, Widdecombe spoke out against Michael Howard, under whom she had served when he was Home Secretary


John Redwood - When Major resigned after the 1997 General Election defeat, Redwood stood for the leadership, and was again defeated, though he secured more support than rival candidates Peter Lilley and Michael Howard


Jeremy Paxman - On 13 May 1997 he spoke with Michael Howard in what became the programme's most notorious interview


Howard served as Shadow Foreign Secretary for the next two years but would retire from the Shadow Cabinet in 1999, though remaining an MP. add something


Daniel Hannan - After stints as a speech-writer for Michael Howard and William Hague, Hannan was elected to the European Parliament at the 1999 election


Teresa May - From 1999 to 2010, May served in a number of roles in the Shadow Cabinets of William Hague, Iain Duncan Smith, Michael Howard, and David Cameron, including Shadow Transport Secretary and Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary


Dominic Grieve - William Hague promoted him to the frontbench in 1999 when he became a spokesman on Scottish affairs, moving to speak on home affairs as the spokesman on criminal justice following the election of Iain Duncan Smith as the new leader of the Conservative Party in 2001, and was promoted to be shadow Attorney General by Michael Howard in 2003


After the 2001 general election, Howard was recalled to frontline politics when the Conservative Party's new leader, Iain Duncan Smith, appointed him Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer add something


Jonathan Djanogly - He served on the Trade and Industry Select Committee from 2001, was promoted to the frontbench by Michael Howard as an opposition spokesman on Home Affairs in 2004, and served as Shadow Solicitor General between May 2004 and May 2010


Philip Hammond - He was moved to become a spokesman on trade and industry by Iain Duncan Smith in 2001, moving to speak on the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister's responsibilities by Michael Howard in 2003


Conservative Party (UK) - This may have resulted in William Hague's and Michael Howard's pre-election swings to the right in 2001 and 2005, as well as the election of the stop-Kenneth Clarke candidate Iain Duncan Smith in 2001


John Bercow - In November 2002, he resigned from the Shadow Cabinet over disputes concerning the Adoption and Children Act but returned under Michael Howard in 2003


After Duncan Smith was removed from the leadership, Howard was elected unopposed as leader of the party in November 2003 add something


In November 2003, following the Conservative Party's Vote of No Confidence in its leader Iain Duncan Smith, he was elected unopposed to the position of Conservative Party leader add something


William Hague - Along with former Prime Minister John Major, former Chancellor Kenneth Clarke, and Hague's successor Iain Duncan Smith, Hague served for a time on the Conservative Leadership Council, which was itself set up by Michael Howard upon his unopposed election as Conservative Party Leader in 2003


David Davis (British politician) - Between 2003 and 2008 he was the Shadow Home Secretary in the shadow cabinet, under both Michael Howard and David Cameron


Chris Grayling - He became a Spokesman for Education and Skills by Michael Howard in 2003


Michael Ancram - He remained in this position after Michael Howard took over in 2003


Iain Duncan Smith - In 2003 his MPs passed a vote of no confidence in his leadership; he immediately resigned, and was succeeded by Michael Howard


Damian Green - In 2003, Michael Howard gave him the position of Shadow Secretary of State for Transport


Teresa May - In 2003, she was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Transport after Michael Howard's election as Conservative Party and Opposition Leader in November that year


Julie Kirkbride - Julie Kirkbride was the Conservative spokesman on Culture, Media and Sport from 2003 to 2004, but was replaced in a reshuffle by the party leader at that time, Michael Howard


Christopher Lee - Lee is a supporter of the British Conservative Party, and described Michael Howard as "the ideal person to lead the party" in 2003


David Maclean - When Duncan Smith lost a vote of confidence in 2003, Maclean tendered his resignation but was reappointed to the position under new leader Michael Howard


Liam Fox - Fox was made co-chairman of the party by Michael Howard when he became party leader in November 2003


Andrew Tyrie - He served in Michael Howard's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury between November 2003 and March 2004 and as Shadow Paymaster General between March 2004 and May 2005


Edward Lord - In November 2003, Michael Howard succeeded Iain Duncan Smith as Conservative Party leader, which provoked his resignation from the Party and his joining the Liberal Democrats


Liam Fox - In November 2003, Fox was appointed campaign manager for Michael Howard following the no-confidence vote against the Conservative leader, Iain Duncan Smith


John Bercow - In November 2003, the new Conservative Leader Michael Howard appointed Bercow as Shadow Secretary of State for International Development


Alan Duncan - When Michael Howard became Conservative party leader in November 2003, Duncan became Shadow Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs, but as Howard had significantly reduced the size of the Shadow Cabinet, Duncan was not promoted to the top table


David Lidington - When Michael Howard was elected Conservative Party leader in November 2003, Lidington became Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, but was not included as a member of the Shadow Cabinet


In February 2004, Howard called on PM Tony Blair to resign over the Iraq war, for failing to ask "basic questions" regarding WMD claims and misleading Parliament add something


In November 2004, "Newsnight" again concentrated on Howard with coverage of a campaign trip to Cornwall and an interview with Jeremy Paxman add something


Michael Ashcroft, Baron Ashcroft - In 2004 he clashed with Conservative leader Michael Howard when he offered a £2m donation on the condition that it should go to his specified candidates rather than into general Conservative Central Office funds


Senior Citizens Party - The party won 42,861 votes in the South East in the European Parliament election, 2004 and stood candidates against Tony Blair and Michael Howard in the 2005 UK general election


John Bercow - In September 2004, Bercow was sacked from the Shadow Cabinet after disagreements with leader Michael Howard


George Osborne - In September 2004, Osborne was appointed by Michael Howard to the Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury


John Redwood - On 8 September 2004, Michael Howard added Redwood to the Shadow Cabinet as Spokesman on Deregulation


Boris Johnson - Johnson was dismissed from these high-profile posts in November 2004 over accusations that he lied to Michael Howard about a four-year extramarital affair with Petronella Wyatt, "The Spectator"'s New York correspondent and former deputy editor


Are you satisfied now-" Secret Home Office papers released in 2005 under the Freedom of Information Act failed to corroborate this last quote add something


Despite announcing after the 2005 general election that he would vacate the role of party leader, Howard performed a substantial reshuffle of the party's front bench on the 10 May in which several rising star MPs were given their first shadow portfolios, including George Osborne and David Cameron add something


During the 2005 campaign, Howard was criticised by some commentators for conducting a campaign which addressed the issues of immigration, asylum seekers and travellers, when he himself was the descendant of immigrants add something


In the 2005 General Election, the Conservatives gained 33 new seats in Westminster, including five from the Liberal Democrats, but this still only gave them 198 seats to Labour's 355 add something


In the 2005 general election , Howard's Conservative Party failed to unseat the Labour government, although the Conservatives did gain 33 seats and Labour's majority shrank from 167 to 66 add something


Howard stood down as leader in December 2005 and was replaced by David Cameron add something


David Willetts - After the 2005 election, he served as Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in the Shadow Cabinet under Michael Howard


Charles Kennedy - At the 2005 General Election, the Liberal Democrats failed to unseat leading Conservatives such as the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer Oliver Letwin, Shadow Home Secretary David Davis, Shadow Secretary of State for the Family Theresa May and the Leader of the Opposition Michael Howard


Alan Duncan - Before the 2005 general election, Duncan was rumoured to be planning a leadership campaign in the event that then-leader Michael Howard stepped down after a election defeat


David Evennett - Following his re-election in 2005 he was a member of the Education and Skills Select Committee, and was appointed as an Opposition Whip by Michael Howard and remained a whip under the new leadership of David Cameron


William Hague - Following the 2005 General Election, the Conservative Party leader Michael Howard offered Hague the post of Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer, but he turned the post down


George Osborne - Following the 2005 general election, he was promoted to Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer at the young age of 33 by the then-Conservative Party leader Michael Howard


Andrew Tyrie - The Conservatives' third consecutive defeat following the 2005 election led Michael Howard to announce his resignation as party leader, triggering a leadership contest


Nick Herbert - The sitting Conservative MP, Howard Flight, had been forced to resign as a vice chairman of the party and had the whip removed by Michael Howard in 2005 after he had told a Conservative Way Forward meeting that the Conservatives would have to make more cuts than they were promising


Howard announced on 17 March 2006 that he would stand down as MP for Folkestone and Hythe at the 2010 election add something


On 19 June 2006 the "International Herald Tribune" reported that Michael Howard would become chairman of Diligence Europe, a private intelligence and risk assessment company founded by former CIA and MI5 members add something


On 13 July 2006 the Conservatives selected Damian Collins to stand in his place at that election add something


On 23 October 2006, Michael Howard revealed that he had voluntarily been questioned as a potential witness concerning the Cash for Peerages investigation surrounding fundraising and the 2005 election campaign add something


On 22 February 2007, Howard became an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society add something


Crosby was later re-hired by the Conservative Party to run their successful campaign in the 2008 London Mayor election add something


Howard did not contest his seat of Folkestone and Hythe in the 2010 General Election and entered the House of Lords as "'Baron Howard of Lympne"' add something


In 2010, it was announced David Cameron wanted Howard to join his Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition, possibly as Lord Chancellor, via the House of Lords as part of David Cameron's appeal to rightwing Tories add something


On 28 May 2010, it was announced in the Dissolution Honours List that Michael Howard would be ennobled and become a Conservative life peer in the House of Lords add something


His title was gazetted in the afternoon of 13 July 2010 as "'Baron Howard of Lympne"', of Lympne in the County of Kent add something


David Davis (British politician) - In May 2010, it was revealed that David Cameron wanted to invite Davis and other right-wingers such as Michael Howard and Iain Duncan Smith into his Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition cabinet


In February 2011, there was increased speculation that David Cameron would reshuffle his cabinet, and prominent Conservative MPs have said that Lord Howard is very likely to replace Kenneth Clarke as Secretary of State for Justice in the next reshuffle add something


Howard returned briefly to Newsnight on Jeremy Paxman's final episode on the 18th of June 2014 for a "cameo" add something


Howard returned briefly to Newsnight on Jeremy Paxman's final episode on 18 June 2014 for a "cameo" add something


Jeremy Paxman - Newsnight - Paxman presented his last "Newsnight" on 18 June 2014 in an edition which included an interview with Peter Mandelson and one with London May or Boris Johnson, while they both rode a tandem bicycle, as well as a brief reappearance of Michael Howard who, following on from his 1997 interview, was simply asked: "Did you-"


In 2015, the company was investigated by the Serious Fraud Office and its offices were raided add something


On 14 December 2016, The Serious Fraud Office closed its investigation of Soma, citing insufficient evidence of corruption add something


A few days after Article 50 was triggered for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union, Howard was interviewed on 2 April 2017 by Sophy Ridge for her programme on Sky News add something