Knowledge Identifier: &Microsoft
American multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, United States that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions
Category: Business (10)
Founded in 1975.
Countries: (47%), United States (35%), United Kingdom (3%)
Linked to: Apple Inc., Google, Yahoo!, Gannett Company
Bill Gates - Microsoft became independent of MITS in late 1976, and it continued to develop programming language software for various systems
In August 1977 the company formed an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, resulting in its first international office, "ASCII Microsoft"
The company moved to a new home in Bellevue, Washington in January 1979
Microsoft entered the OS business in 1980 with its own version of Unix, called Xenix
Butler Lampson - By the early 1980s, Lampson left Xerox PARC for &Digital_Equipment_Corporation; he now works for Microsoft Research
Bill Gates - IBM approached Microsoft in July 1980 regarding its upcoming personal computer, the IBM PC
Alan M. Boyd - When Microsoft incorporated in 1981, Boyd was one of a small number of people who received "founders shares"
Alan M. Boyd - Boyd suggested as early as 1986 that Microsoft should incorporate a hypertext browser as its user interface instead of a 'desktop' but was rebuffed by Gates
Paul Maritz - From 1986 to 2000 he worked at Microsoft, leaving as executive vice president of the Platforms Strategy and Developer Group and part of the 5-person executive management team
Robert McHenry - Britannica had, for example, published the first multimedia encyclopedia as early as 1989, but did not launch "Britannica CD" until 1994, one year after Microsoft launched their "Encarta" encyclopedia
William Schwarzer - On January 5, 1989, Schwarzer dropped all but 10 of the 189 claims that Apple brought against Microsoft
Robert McHenry - Aided by Britannica's failings, Microsoft took a dominant position in the market for CD-ROM encyclopedias in the 1990s
Alice Wu - Encouraged by her screenwriting teacher, she left Microsoft in the late 1990s to try to turn the script into a film, giving herself a five-year window
George Stone (composer) - It was composed in 1990 for Passport Designs to be used in various MIDI applications, but as Passport Designs neared the end of their operation, they reportedly gave the music to Microsoft in a final effort for free publicity
Gordon Bell - Between 1991 and 1995, Bell advised Microsoft in its efforts to start a research group, joined it full time in August 1995, where he still works , studying telepresence and related ideas
Michael Kinsley - After leaving "Crossfire" in 1995, Kinsley returned to his editorial roots, relocating to Seattle and taking a position with Microsoft as the founding editor of its online journal "Slate"
Jim Gray (computer scientist) - He joined Microsoft in 1995 and was a Technical Fellow for the company when he was lost at sea
Jennifer Aniston - In 1995, Aniston and her "Friends" co-star Matthew Perry shot a 60-minute instructional video for the release of Microsoft's new operating system, Windows 95
Bill Gates - "The Road Ahead", written with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson, was published in November 1995, and it summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway
Mark Russinovich - In 1996, Russinovich discovered that altering two values in the Windows Registry of the Workstation edition of Windows NT 4 would change the installation so it was recognized as a Windows NT Server and allow the installation of Microsoft BackOffice products which were licensed only for the Server edition
Robert McHenry - In particular, in an article in 1996 McHenry criticized Microsoft for its policy of having factually different versions of the same article in the various national issues of the encyclopedia
Heidi Roizen - She served on the board of Great Plains Software from 1997 until its acquisition by Microsoft in 2001
Tang Jun - He received the Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates Award in 1998 and the Microsoft Top Honor Award in 2002 from Microsoft Corporation, and remains the honorary president of Microsoft China Co. Ltd. Prior to joining Microsoft, Tang claimed that he had founded the Intertex Company, a software and entertainment company, in Los Angeles , California in 1993
Eric S. Raymond - In 1998 he received and published a Microsoft document expressing worry about the quality of rival open-source software
Bill Gates - Gates was prominently featured in "Pirates of Silicon Valley", a 1999 film which chronicles the rise of Apple and Microsoft from the early 1970s to 1997
Darcy Burner - Her jobs included working for Lotus Development, Asymetrix, and, starting in 2000, as a lead product manager for Microsoft .NET.
George Stone (composer) - MID where it was released on Microsoft Windows 3,1 up through and including Windows 2000
Andrew Tridgell - One of the features that he added to Samba at this time was support for Microsoft's Active Directory technology, a new authentication system introduced with Microsoft's Windows 2000 Server product range
Bill Gates - Since 2000, the nominal value of his Microsoft holdings has declined due to a fall in Microsoft's stock price after the dot-com bubble burst and the multi-billion dollar donations he has made to his charitable foundations
Paul Allen - Allen officially resigned from his position on the Microsoft Board of Directors in November 2000 but was asked to consult as a senior strategy advisor to the company's executives
Eckhard Pfeiffer - Capellas was able to restore some of the luster lost in the latter part of the Pfeiffer era and he repaired the relationship with Microsoft which had deteriorated under his predecessor's tenure, but the company still struggled against lower-cost competitors such as Dell who took over the top spot of PC manufacturer from Compaq in 2001
Steven McGeady - McGeady was called again to testify in the 2001 remedy phase of the Microsoft trial
In 2002, the company started using the logo in the United States and eventually started a TV campaign with the slogan, changed from the previous tagline of "Where do you want to go today-"
Richard Belluzzo - He eventually became President and Chief Operating Officer of Microsoft for fourteen months, but left in Spring 2002, taking the reins at Quantum in September the same year
Reuben Singh - He won awards for his business and entrepreneurship, such as the National Business Awards 2002, Microsoft New Business of the Year 2002, The Times 500 "Most Powerful under 30-year old in Britain", Times 500 Most Powerful Individuals as "Most Powerful under 30-year old in Britain"
Jim Louderback - Louderback became Editor-In-Chief for Ziff Davis Media's internet properties in 2002, he managed PCMag.com, eWeek and Microsoft Watch
Mark Zuckerberg - Microsoft and AOL tried to purchase Synapse and recruit Zuckerberg, but he chose instead to enroll at Harvard in September 2002
In 2004, the European Union found Microsoft guilty in a highly publicized anti-trust case
Tang Jun - Prior to joining Shanda in 2004, Tang served as the president of Microsoft China Co., Ltd. from March 2002 to January 2004 and the general manager of Microsoft Asia product support and service and Microsoft Global Technical Engineering Center from January 1998 to March 2002
Kai-Fu Lee - On July 19, 2005, Microsoft sued Google and Lee in a Washington state court over Google's hiring of its former Vice President of Interactive Services, claiming that Lee was violating his non-compete agreement by working for Google within one year of leaving the Redmond-based software corporation
Farid Essebar - Microsoft's General counsel declared on August 26, 2005 that "The fact that we were able to see these arrests in less than two weeks and see them halfway around the world really drives that point home
J Allard - Allard has notably signed several artists as part of a broad Zune marketing campaign by Microsoft, which included heavy promotion during Seattle's Bumbershoot festival in 2006
Mark Russinovich - He was a cofounder of software producers Winternals before it was acquired by Microsoft in 2006
Ernest Lenard Hall - In 2006, Ernest L. Hall won the Grand Prize in the "Made in Express" contest sponsored by Microsoft
Gates McFadden - In the spring of 2006, McFadden appeared in a series of television commercials for Microsoft
As the smartphone industry boomed beginning in 2007, Microsoft struggled to keep up with its rivals Apple and Google in providing a modern smartphone operating system
Andy Hunter (DJ) - In 2007, Microsoft used "Go" in the promotional video for Silverlight as well as in 2005 for promoting their "Plays For Sure" downloads
Don Mattrick - Prior to joining Microsoft in 2007, Mattrick served as the President of Worldwide Studios for Electronic Arts, where he worked for 25 years
Rick Jelliffe - In January 2007, Microsoft "technical evangelist" Doug Mahugh asked Jelliffe to correct Wikipedia articles about some of the standardization efforts in which he was involved, including Ecma Office Open XML and OpenDocument, suggesting that Microsoft could pay him for the time he spent editing Wikipedia
A. Richard Newton - In July 2007, Microsoft announced an academic *award program for new, innovative applications of information technology in the spirit of Richard's longtime ideal
Microsoft's main U.S. campus received a silver certification from the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program in 2008, and it installed over 2,000 solar panels on top of its buildings in its Silicon Valley campus, generating approximately 15 percent of the total energy needed by the facilities in April 2005
J Allard - The Kin project was first known by the codename 'Project Pink', and began under direction of Microsoft executive J Allard in 2008
After suffering extended downtime and unreliability the LSE announced in 2009 that it was planning to drop its Microsoft solution and switch to a Linux based one in 2010
Steven Spielberg - In 2009, Spielberg reportedly tried to obtain the screen rights to make a film based on Microsoft's Halo series.
As a result, in 2010, Microsoft revamped their aging flagship mobile operating system, Windows Mobile, replacing it with the new Windows Phone OS; along with a new strategy in the smartphone industry that has Microsoft working more closely with smartphone manufactures, such as Nokia, and to provide a consistent user experience across all smartphones using Microsoft's Windows Phone OS. It used a new user interface design language, codenamed "Metro", which prominently used simple shapes, typography and iconography, and the concept of minimalism
Following the release of Windows Phone 7, Microsoft underwent a gradual rebranding of its product range throughout 2011 and 2012