Miklós Rózsa

Knowledge Identifier: +Miklos_Rozsa


Miklos Rozsa

Hungarian-born composer trained in Germany , and active in France , England , and the United States , with extensive sojourns in Italy from 1953 add

Category: Music (650)

Born in 1907.

Countries: United States (45%), Germany (18%), France (10%)

Main connections: Billy Wilder, Elmer Bernstein, Jerry Goldsmith

Linked to: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Pacific Lutheran University




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Miklos Rozsa was born in 1907 add something


He enrolled at the University of Leipzig in 1925, ostensibly to study chemistry at the behest of his father add something


In 1929 he received his diplomas "cum laude" add something


For a time he remained in Leipzig as Grabner's assistant, but at the suggestion of the French organist and composer Marcel Dupré, he moved to Paris in 1932 add something


Rózsa was introduced to film music in 1934 by his friend, the Swiss-born composer Arthur Honegger add something


Rózsa's first major success, and for years his best-known concert work, was the orchestral "Theme, Variations, and Finale," Op. 13, introduced in Duisberg, Germany, in 1934 and soon taken up by Charles Munch, Karl Böhm, Bruno Walter, Hans Swarowsky, and other leading conductors add something


In 1939, Rózsa travelled with Korda to Hollywood to complete the work on the "The Thief of Bagdad" The film earned him his first Academy award nomination add something


Among the other films scored by Rózsa during the 1940s were the prison drama "Brute Force" , with Lancaster, and "The Naked City" , the latter including music by Frank Skinner add something


In 1943, Rózsa scored his first of several collaborations with director Billy Wilder starting with "Five Graves to Cairo", the same year that he scored the similarly themed Humphrey Bogart film "Sahara" add something


In 1943, he received his fourth nomination for Korda's "Jungle Book" add something


It was first played in the United States by the Chicago Symphony under Frederick Stock and achieved wide exposure through a 1943 New York Philharmonic concert broadcast when Leonard Bernstein made his famous conducting debut add something


In 1944, his scores for his second Wilder collaboration, "Double Indemnity", and for "The Woman of the Town", earned him separate Academy award nominations in the same year add something


In 1945, Rózsa was hired to compose the score for Alfred Hitchcock's film "Spellbound", after Bernard Herrmann became unavailable due to other commitments add something


Jerry Goldsmith - At age sixteen, Goldsmith saw the 1945 film "Spellbound" in theaters and was inspired by veteran composer Miklós Rózsa's soundtrack to pursue a career in music


The latter project brought him to America when production was transferred from wartime Britain, and Rózsa remained in the United States, becoming an American citizen in 1946 add something


Rózsa received his second Oscar in 1947 for "A Double Life", which won Ronald Colman an Academy award for Best Actor add something


Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra - In the early 1950s, the orchestra accrued international acclaim for their recordings of the sound tracks to Quo Vadis and Ben Hur by Miklós Rózsa


By 1952, his film score work was proving so successful that he was able to negotiate a clause in his contract with MGM that gave him three months each year away from the film studio so that he could focus on concert music add something


Rózsa's Violin Concerto, Op. 24, was composed in 1953-54 for the violinist Jascha Heifetz, who collaborated with the composer in fine-tuning it add something


His final two nominations were for the 1961 Samuel Bronston film "El Cid" add something


In 1968, Rózsa was asked to score "The Green Berets", after Elmer Bernstein turned it down due to his political beliefs add something


His popular film scores during the 1970s included his last two Billy Wilder collaborations "The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes" and "Fedora" , the Ray Harryhausen fantasy sequel "The Golden Voyage of Sinbad" , the latter-day "film noir" "Last Embrace" starring Roy Scheider, and the time-travel fantasy film "Time After Time" for which Rózsa won a Science Fiction Film award, saying in his televised acceptance speech that of all the film scores he had ever composed, it was the one he had worked on the hardest add something


After completing work on the music for the spy thriller "Eye of the Needle" , Rózsa's last film score was for the black-and-white Steve Martin film "Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid" , a comic homage to the "film noir" of the 1940s, a genre to which Rozsa himself had contributed scores add something

Miklos Rozsa died in 1995 add something


Rozsa died on 27 July 1995 and is buried at Forest Lawn in the Hollywood Hills add something


His wife Margaret died in 1999 aged 89 add something


Hollywood Symphony Orchestra - Composers represented in 2006 included Miklós Rózsa, Erich_Wolfgang_Korngold, John Williams, Jerry Goldsmith, Maurice Jarre, Victor Young, Dimitri Tiomkin, Craig Armstrong, Clint Eastwood, Henry Mancini, Elmer Bernstein, Dave Grusin, Alex North, John Scott, Sergei Prokofiev, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Max Steiner, Don Davis, Ernest Gold, Bernard Herrmann


Peter Seivewright - Seivewright's reverence for Bach may be judged by the fact that his record label has announced that in 2008, they will release a recording of four of the composer's keyboard concertos by the pianist with the Scottish Baroque Soloists, as well as another disc including works by Elliott Carter and Miklos Rozsa