American Civil War

See also


Knowledge Identifier: $Mississippi



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (81%), (6%), India (1%)

Main connections: Louisiana, Tennessee, Alabama

Linked to: Democratic Party, Republican Party, Freedom Schools, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party




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Fewer than 1000 were free people of color add something


With the passing of HB 1523 in April 2016, from July it became legal in Mississippi to refuse service to same-sex couples, based on one's religious beliefs add something


The first major European expedition into the territory that became Mississippi was that of the Spanish explorer, Hernando de Soto, who passed through the northeast part of the state in 1540, in his second expedition to the New World add something


In April 1699, French colonists established the first European settlement at "Fort Maurepas" , built in the vicinity of present-day Ocean Springs on the Gulf Coast add something


In 1716, the French founded Natchez on the Mississippi River ; it became the dominant town and trading post of the area add something


The Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798, from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina to the United States add something


From 1800 to about 1830, the United States purchased some lands from Native American tribes for new settlements of European Americans; they were mostly migrants from other Southern states, particularly Virginia and North Carolina, where soils were exhausted add something


Independent black Baptist churches were established before 1800 in Virginia, Kentucky, South Carolina and Georgia, and later developed in Mississippi as well add something


The growth of the cotton culture after 1815 brought in tens of thousands of Anglo-American settlers each year, most of whom were Protestants from Southeastern states add something


On December 10, 1817, Mississippi was the 20th state admitted to the Union add something


John James Audubon - On October 12, 1820, Audubon started into Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida in search of ornithological specimens


Beginning in 1822, slaves in Mississippi were protected by law from cruel and unusual punishment by their owners add something


The remainder of Native American ancestral land remained largely undeveloped but was sold through treaties until 1826, when the Choctaws and Chickasaws refused to sell more land add something


The combination of the Mississippi state legislature's abolition of Choctaw Tribal Government in 1829, President Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act and the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830, the Choctaw were effectively forced to sell their land and were transported to Oklahoma Territory add something


" Historically in Mississippi, after Indian removal in the 1830s, the major groups were designated as black , who were mostly enslaved, and white add something


On September 27, 1830, the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek was signed between the U.S. Government and the Choctaw add something


Andrew Pickens (governor) - Pickens died July 1, 1838, in Pontotock, Mississippi, and was interred at Old Stone Church Cemetery in Clemson, South Carolina


Benjamin G. Humphreys - Upon his return to Mississippi, he was elected to the state senate representing his native county and served from 1839 to 1844


Slaves were counted as property and the rise in the cotton markets since the 1840s had increased their value add something


Charles Read (naval officer) - Charles Read was born in either Hinds or Yazoo County, Mississippi in 1840


James L. Alcorn - He served in the Mississippi House of Representatives and Mississippi Senate during the 1840s and 1850s


Nathan Bedford Forrest - In 1841 Forrest went into business with his uncle Jonathan Forrest in Hernando, Mississippi


Blanche Bruce - "'Blanche Kelso Bruce"' was a U.S. politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the U.S. Senate from 1875 to 1881 and was the first elected non-white senator to serve a full term


James L. Alcorn - He served in the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1843 before moving to Mississippi


Thomas C. Hindman - After receiving his primary education in Ripley, Mississippi, he attended the Lawrenceville Classical Institute and graduated with honors on September 25, 1843


James L. Alcorn - In 1844, he set up a law practice in Panola County, Mississippi


Benjamin G. Humphreys - In 1846, he moved to Sunflower County, Mississippi, founded Itta Bena, and continued as a planter


John C. Breckinridge - On November 1, 1847, the regiment embarked on a steamboat down the Mississippi River, arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana, on November 7 and reaching Vera Cruz by November 21


Solon Borland - During an 1850 debate over Southern rights, he physically attacked Mississippi Senator Henry Foote


James L. Alcorn - As a delegate to the Mississippi convention of 1851, called by Democratic Governor John A. Quitman to build momentum for secession, Alcorn helped defeat that movement


Thomas C. Hindman - In 1853, he successfully campaigned for a seat to represent Tippah County in the Mississippi legislature


The Mississippi School for the Deaf was established by the state legislature in 1854 before the civil war add something


Thomas C. Hindman - By 1854, Hindman realized that he had little room to maneuver in the crowded Mississippi political arena


Thomas C. Hindman - Hindman served as a member of the Mississippi House of Representatives from 1854 to 1856


Thomas C. Hindman - Hindman's Mississippi lawmaking career ended when the legislature adjourned in March 1854


Thomas C. Hindman - Hindman left Mississippi politics when he moved to Helena, Arkansas , Arkansas on March 18, 1854


John Marshall Stone - In 1855, he moved to Tishomingo County, Mississippi, and became a station agent at Iuka when the Memphis and Charleston Railroad opened


From 1858 to 1861, the state took over levee building, accomplishing it through contractors and hired labor add something


For example, the 1860 Mississippi case of "Oliver v add something


On January 9, 1861, Mississippi became the second state to declare its secession from the Union, and it was one of the founding members of the Confederate States add something


Charles Read (naval officer) - On October 12, 1861, he participated in the attack on the Union blockading squadron at Head of the Passes on the Mississippi River


The first school for black students was not established until 1862 add something


William Beall - Beall served in the Trans-Mississippi Department under General Earl Van Dorn early in the war and was appointed brigadier general in the spring of 1862


Joseph E. Johnston - The major crisis facing Johnston was defending Confederate control of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Mississippi, which was threatened by Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, first in a series of unsuccessful maneuvers during the winter of 1862–63 to the north of the fortress city, but followed in April 1863 with an ambitious campaign that began with Grant's Union army crossing the Mississippi River southwest of Vicksburg, Mississippi


David Rice Atchison - In March 1862, Union forces in the Trans-Mississippi theater won a decisive victory at Pea Ridge in Arkansas and secured Union control of Missouri


P. G. T. Beauregard - Having become a political liability in Virginia, Beauregard was transferred to Tennessee to become second-in-command to General Albert Sidney Johnston in his Army of Mississippi, effective March 14, 1862


George Dewey - This was begun on April 24, 1862, the fleet moving forward in three divisions, the first under command of Captain Theodorus Bailey in the "Cayuga", followed closely by the "Pensacola" , and that by the "Mississippi", in which Dewey was executive lieutenant


Philip Sheridan - Battle of Booneville - At the Battle of Booneville, Mississippi, July 1, 1862, he held back several regiments of Brig


Charles Read (naval officer) - Read served as executive officer of the during its actions against a blockading fleet of over 30 ships on the Mississippi River near Vicksburg, Mississippi, Mississippi on 13 July 1862


Union General Ulysses S. Grant's long siege of Vicksburg finally gained the Union control of the river in 1863 add something


Joseph E. Johnston - !Vicksburg, Mississippi Campaign - In 1863, in command of the Department of the West, he was criticized for his actions and failures in the Vicksburg, Mississippi Campaign


James L. Alcorn - In 1863, he was elected to the Mississippi state legislature


Evander McNair - In May 1863 McNair and his division were sent to reinforce the Army of Tennessee under General Joseph E. Johnston for the relief of the siege at Vicksburg, Mississippi


John C. Breckinridge - In May 1863, Breckinridge was reassigned to Joseph E. Johnston, participating in the Battle of Jackson in an attempt to break the Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi


Evander McNair - In 1864 McNair was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department where he served for the remainder of the war


Nathan Bedford Forrest - On April 12, 1864, General Forrest led his forces in the attack and capture of Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee


Nathan Bedford Forrest - A portion of his command, now dismounted, was surprised and captured in their camp at Verona, Mississippi, on December 25, 1864, during a raid of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad by a brigade of Brig


After the Civil War, major floods swept down the valley in 1865, 1867, 1874 and 1882 add something


Benjamin G. Humphreys - American Civil War - He was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and served as Governor of Mississippi from 1865 to 1868, during Reconstruction


Ridgley C. Powers - In 1865, the Ohioan settled in Noxubee County, Mississippi as a cotton planter, later becoming sheriff


Carl Schurz - In the summer of 1865, President Andrew Johnson sent Schurz through the South to study conditions; they quarrelled because Schurz approved General H.W. Slocum's order forbidding the organization of militia in Mississippi


Edward Canby - Canby accepted the surrender of the Confederate forces under General Richard Taylor in Citronelle, on May 4, 1865, and those under General Edmund Kirby Smith west of the Mississippi River on May 26, 1865


Benjamin G. Humphreys - Unwilling to withdraw his candidacy, on October 2, 1865, Humphreys was elected as a Democrat, but was not immediately recognized as the Governor of Mississippi


Benjamin G. Humphreys - Without presidential approval, on October 16, 1865, Humphreys had himself inaugurated and sworn in as the 26th Governor of Mississippi


Benjamin G. Humphreys - By October 26, 1865, Mississippi provisional Governor, William Sharkey, received from President Andrew Johnson a pardon authorizing political office under the Reconstruction plan


Hiram Rhodes Revels - In 1866, he was given a permanent pastorship in Natchez, Mississippi, Mississippi, where he settled with his wife and five daughters, became an elder in the Mississippi District, continued his ministerial work, and founded schools for black children


By 1868 an increased cotton crop began to show possibilities for free labor in the state, but the crop of 565,000 bales produced in 1870 was still less than half of prewar figures add something


During Reconstruction, the first Mississippi constitutional convention in 1868, with delegates both black and white, framed a constitution whose major elements would be maintained for 22 years add something


The constitutional convention of early 1868 appointed a committee to recommend what was needed for relief of the state and its citizens add something


Hiram Rhodes Revels - During Reconstruction, Revels was elected alderman in Natchez, Mississippi in 1868


Adelbert Ames - In 1868, Ames was appointed by Congress to be provisional Governor of Mississippi


Hiram Rhodes Revels - In 1869 he was elected to represent Adams County in the Mississippi State Senate


James L. Alcorn - James Alcorn was elected by the Republicans as governor in 1869, serving, as Governor of Mississippi from 1870 to 1871


George H. Tichenor - Tichenor developed his antiseptic formula in Canton, Mississippi and thereafter practiced medicine in Baton Rouge, Louisiana , LA from 1869-1887


Chinese came to Mississippi as indentured laborers from Cuba during the 1870s, with others coming from mainland China in the later 19th century add something


Nathan Bedford Forrest - Nearly ruined as the result of the failure of the Marion & Memphis, Tennessee Railroad in the early 1870s, Forrest spent his final days running a prison work farm on President's Island in the Mississippi River


Adelbert Ames - The Mississippi Legislature elected Ames to the U.S. Senate after the readmission of Mississippi to the Union; he served from February 24, 1870 to January 10, 1874, as a Republican


During Reconstruction in 1871, black and white Republicans drafted a constitution that was the first to provide for a system of free public education in the state add something


James L. Alcorn - A moderate Republican, he had a bitter rivalry with Radical Republican carpetbagger Adelbert Ames, who defeated him in the 1873 Mississippi gubernatorial race


Hiram Rhodes Revels - In 1873, Revels took a leave of absence from Alcorn to serve as Mississippi's secretary of state ad interim


From 1874 to the elections of 1875, they pressured whites to join the Democrats, and conducted violence against blacks in at least 15 known "riots" in cities around the state to intimidate blacks add something


Hiram Rhodes Revels - He was dismissed from Alcorn in 1874 when he campaigned against the reelection of Governor of Mississippi Adelbert Ames


Adelbert Ames - A riot broke out in Vicksburg, Mississippi in December 1874 that started a series of reprisals against many Republican supporters, the vast majority of them black


Democrats had regained control of the state legislature in 1875, after a year of expanded violence against blacks and intimidation of whites in what was called the "white line" campaign, based on asserting white supremacy add something


Adelbert Ames - There was factionalism within the Democratic Party between the Regulars and New Departures, but as the state election of 1875 approached, the Democrats united and brought out the "Mississippi Plan" which called for the systematic organization of all whites to defeat the Republicans


John Marshall Stone - Governor Adelbert Ames resigned in 1876, making Stone, the President Pro Tempore of the Mississippi Senate at that time, the acting governor


In 1877 by a national compromise, the last of federal troops were withdrawn from the region add something


In 1877, the state created the Mississippi Levee District for southern counties add something


Benjamin G. Humphreys - He continued there until his retirement in 1877, when he moved to his plantation in Leflore County, Mississippi, where he died in 1882


In 1879, the United States Congress created the Mississippi River Commission, whose responsibilities included aiding state levee boards in the construction of levees add something


After the 1882 flood, the levee system was expanded add something


By 1882, levees averaged seven feet in height, but many in the southern Delta were severely tested by the flood that year add something


Robert Lowry (governor) - Between 1882 and 1890 he was the Democratic governor of Mississippi, serving two four-year terms


In 1884, the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District was established to oversee levee construction and maintenance in the northern Delta counties; included were some counties in Arkansas which were part of the Delta add something


It was not until 1884, after the flood of 1882, that the state created the Mississippi-Yazoo Delta District Levee Board and started successfully achieving longer term plans for levees in the upper Delta add something


Cotton prices fell throughout the decades following the Civil War. As another agricultural depression lowered cotton prices into the 1890s, numerous African-American farmers finally had to sell their land to pay off debts, thus losing the land which they had developed by hard, personal labor add something


However, black residents were deprived of all political power after white legislators passed a new state constitution in 1890 specifically to "eliminate the nigger from politics", according to the state's Democratic governor, James K. Vardaman add something


Mississippi led the South in developing a disfranchising constitution, passing it in 1890 add something


Most blacks were still disenfranchised under the state's 1890 constitution and discriminatory practices, until passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and concerted grassroots efforts to achieve registration and encourage voting add something


The low prices of cotton into the 1890s meant that more than a generation of African Americans lost the result of their labor when they had to sell their farms to pay off accumulated debts add something


The whites maintained their discriminatory voter registration processes established in 1890, preventing most blacks from voting, even if they were well educated add something


Together with imposition of Jim Crow and racial segregation laws, whites increased violence against blacks, lynching mostly men, through the period of the 1890s and extending to 1930 add something


James L. Alcorn - After his retirement from politics, he was active in levee affairs and was a delegate to the Mississippi constitutional convention of 1890, in which he supported the black disenfranchisement clause of the new constitution


James L. Alcorn - In his later life, Alcorn practiced law in Friars Point, Mississippi and lived quietly at his plantation, Eagle's Nest, in Coahoma County, Mississippi, until his death and interment in the family cemetery on his estate in 1894


By 1895 they had established numerous black Baptist state associations and the National Baptist Convention of black churches add something


John Marshall Stone - In 1899, Stone accepted a position as the 2nd President of Mississippi A&M in Starkville, Mississippi, Mississippi


By 1900, many white ministers, especially in the towns, subscribed to the Social Gospel movement, which attempted to apply Christian ethics to social and economic needs of the day add something


In 1900, blacks made up more than half of the state's population add something


In 1900, two-thirds of farm owners in Mississippi were blacks, a major achievement for them and their families add something


John Marshall Stone - Stone died in Holly Springs, Mississippi, in 1900, at the age of 69


Hiram Rhodes Revels - Hiram Revels died on January 16, 1901, while attending a church conference in Aberdeen, Mississippi


Nathan Bedford Forrest - In addition to Forrest City, Arkansas being named after Gen. Forrest, Forrest County, Mississippi, surrounding Hattiesburg, was named for the general in 1908


By 1910, a majority of black farmers in the Delta had lost their land and become sharecroppers add something


The majority entering the state immigrated directly from China to Mississippi between 1910 and 1930, when they were recruited by planters as laborers add something


Cotton crops failed due to boll weevil infestation and successive severe flooding in 1912 and 1913, creating crisis conditions for many African Americans add something


John Marshall Stone - Stone County, Mississippi, was named in his honor, posthumously in 1916


Regional losses and the Mississippi River Levee Association's lobbying for a flood control bill helped gain passage of national bills in 1917 and 1923 to provide federal matching funds for local levee districts, on a scale of 2:1 add something


Although U.S. participation in World War I interrupted funding of levees, the second round of funding helped raise the average height of levees in the Mississippi-Yazoo Delta to in the 1920s add something


By 1920, the third generation after freedom, most African Americans in Mississippi were landless laborers again facing poverty add something


In 1923, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People stated "the Negro feels that life is not safe in Mississippi and his life may be taken with impunity at any time upon the slightest pretext or provocation by a white man" add something


Despite the state's building and reinforcing levees for years, the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 broke through and caused massive flooding of throughout the Delta, homelessness for hundreds of thousands, and millions of dollars in property damages add something


The region was severely damaged due to the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, which broke through the levees add something


Fielding L. Wright - Wright turned down several opportunities to run for public office before finally agreeing to run for the Mississippi Senate in 1928


Son House - On his release in 1929 or early 1930, Son was strongly advised to leave Clarksdale, Mississippi and stay away


After having comprised a majority of the state's population since well before the Civil War and through the 1930s, today African Americans comprise approximately 37 percent of the state's population add something


From the early 19th century to the 1930s, its residents were majority black, and before the American Civil War that population was composed largely of African-American slaves add something


Since the 1930s and the Great Migration of African Americans to the North and West, the majority of Mississippi's population has been white, although the state still has the highest percentage of black residents of any U.S. state add something


So many African Americans left in the Great Migration that after the 1930s, they became a minority in Mississippi add something


The African-American call for social equality resonated throughout the Great Depression in the 1930s and World War II in the 1940s add something


Son House - In a short career interrupted by a spell in Parchman Farm penitentiary, he developed to the point that Charley Patton, the foremost blues artist of the Mississippi Delta region, invited him to share engagements, and to accompany him to a 1930 recording session for Paramount Records


Nathan Bedford Forrest - The Confederate general's engagements with a U.S. General Smith in northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee are part of the setting of that story and of Faulkner's 1938 novel "The Unvanquished


The Second Great Migration from the South started in the 1940s, lasting until 1970 add something


Son House - Recorded August 1941, Clack Store near Lake Cormorant, Mississippi


Son House - Recorded 17 July 1942, Robbinsonville Mississippi


Fielding L. Wright - In 1943 Wright was elected Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi


Fielding L. Wright - Governor Wright's 1946–1952 administration concentrated largely on urbanization and industrialization, issues of increasing importance to rural states struggling to modernize their economies at the end of World War II. Fielding L. Wright governed Mississippi at a time when the state's economy, social customs, and race relations were undergoing slow but significant changes


Fielding L. Wright - Following the death in office of Governor Thomas Lowry Bailey on November 2, 1946, Wright filled the remainder of Bailey's term as 49th Governor of Mississippi


Elvis Presley, who created a sensation in the 1950s as a crossover artist and contributed to rock 'n' roll, was a native of Tupelo add something


Emmett Till - Mississippi was the poorest state in the U.S. in the 1950s, and the Delta counties were some of the poorest in Mississippi


Fielding L. Wright - Wright left office in 1952, after holding the title of Governor for six consecutive years, and opened a law office in Jackson, Mississippi , Mississippi


In 1954 the state had created the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission, a tax-supported agency, chaired by the Governor, that claimed to work for the state's image but effectively spied on activists and passed information to the local White Citizens' Councils to suppress black activism add something


Dorothy Kilgallen - Kilgallen's father, Jim, was still a "Hearst star" in 1955 when at age 67 he traveled to Mississippi to cover the trial of two men charged with the murder of Emmett Till for the Hearst-owned International News Service


Rosa Parks - In August 1955, black teenager Emmett Till was brutally murdered after reportedly flirting with a young white woman while visiting relatives in Mississippi


Emmett Till - Although Emmett Till's murder trial was over, news about his father remained on the front pages of Mississippi newspapers for weeks in October and November 1955, further engaging debate about Emmett Till's actions and Carolyn Bryant's integrity


Fielding L. Wright - Fielding L. Wright died on May 4, 1956 in Jackson, Mississippi and was buried in his home town of Rolling Fork, Mississippi


Emmett Till - Till's murder was the focus of a 1957 television episode for the "U.S. Steel Hour" titled "Noon on Doomsday" written by Rod Serling, who was fascinated with how quickly Mississippi whites supported Bryant and Milam


By raising barriers to voter registration, the state legislature disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites, excluding them from politics until the late 1960s add something


Mississippi earned a reputation in the 1960s as a reactionary state add something


Since regaining enforcement of their voting rights in the late 1960s, most African Americans have supported Democratic candidates in local, state and national elections add something


Emmett Till - Meanwhile, A Mississippi Mother Burns Bacon" in 1960


Cyrus Vance - He was Secretary when Army units were sent to northern Mississippi in 1962 to protect James Meredith and ensure that the court-ordered integration of the University of Mississippi took place


Heavy snowfall rarely occurs, but isn't unheard of, such as during the New Year's Eve 1963 snowstorm add something


Tammy Wynette - In 1963, she attended beauty school in Tupelo, Mississippi, where she learned to be a hairdresser


After decades of disenfranchisement, African Americans in the state gradually began to exercise their right to vote again for the first time since the 19th century, following the passage of federal civil rights legislation in 1964 and 1965, which ended "de jure" segregation and enforced constitutional voting rights add something


Chapters of the Ku Klux Klan and its sympathizers used violence against activists, most notably the murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner in 1964 during the Freedom Summer campaign add something


In the summer of 1964 students and community organizers from across the country came to help register black voters in Mississippi and establish Freedom Schools add something


Barry Hannah - He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Mississippi College in Clinton, Mississippi in 1964


Son House - In 1964, after a long search of the Mississippi Delta region by Nick Perls, Dick Waterman and Phil Spiro, he ended up being "rediscovered" in Rochester, NY. House had been retired from the music business for many years, and was unaware of the 1960s folk blues revival and international enthusiasm regarding his early recordings


Emmett Till - The Mississippi Freedom Summer of 1964 registered 63,000 black voters and they were required to form their own political party because they were forbidden from joining the established parties in Mississippi


This was a catalyst for Congressional passage the following year of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 add something


In 1966, the state was the last to repeal officially statewide prohibition of alcohol add something


The recorded temperature in Mississippi has ranged from , in 1966, at Corinth in the northeast, to , in 1930, at Holly Springs in the north add something


Registration of African-American voters increased and black candidates ran in the 1967 elections for state and local offices add something


Emmett Till - Till was mentioned in the 1968 autobiography of Anne Moody, "Coming of Age in Mississippi", in which she states she first learned to hate during the fall of 1955


Hurricane Camille in 1969 and Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which killed 238 people in the state, were the most devastating hurricanes to hit the state add something


Since the 1970s, fundamentalist conservative churches have grown rapidly, fueling Mississippi's conservative political trends among whites add something


Assata Shakur - In 1971, Shakur joined the Republic of New Afrika, an organization formed to create an independent black-majority nation composed of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana


In 1973 the Presbyterian Church in America attracted numerous conservative congregations add something


He continued as the only African American in the state legislature until 1976 and was repeatedly elected into the 21st century, including three terms as Speaker of the House add something


Brian Duffy (astronaut) - He completed Undergraduate Pilot Training at Columbus Air Force Base, Mississippi, in 1976, and was selected to fly the F-15


In the 1980s whites divided evenly between the parties add something


In the early 1980s many Vietnamese immigrated to Mississippi and other states along the Gulf of Mexico, where they became employed in fishing-related work add something


In the late 1980s, the state had 954 public elementary and secondary schools, with a total yearly enrollment of about 369,500 elementary pupils and about 132,500 secondary students add something


However, from 1981 to 2005, it was at least number four in the nation for federal spending vs. taxes received add something


Emmett Till - He operated a store in Ruleville, Mississippi and was convicted in 1984 and 1988 of food stamp fraud


Mississippi was the last state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, in March 1984, granting women the right to vote add something


MSMS was founded in 1987 by appropriations from the Mississippi Legislature and it is the fourth public, residential high school for academically gifted students in the United States add something


Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 add something


It repealed the segregationist-era poll tax in 1989 add something


Barry Hannah - He was *awarded the Fiction Prize of the Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters twice and received Mississippi's prestigious Governor's *award in 1989 for distinguished representation of the state of Mississippi in artistic and cultural matters


In the 1990s those voters shifted their allegiance to the Republican Party, first for national and for state offices add something


The legislature's 1990 decision to legalize casino gambling along the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast has led to increased revenues and economic gains for the state add something


Walker Percy - Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1993


Carl Vinson - He served for 50 years and one month, a record that stood until 1994, when the mark was surpassed by Jamie L. Whitten of Mississippi


In 1995, the state symbolically ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which had abolished slavery in 1865 add something


Though ratified in 1995, the state never officially notified the U.S. archivist, which kept the ratification unofficial until 2013, when Ken Sullivan contacted the office of Secretary of State of Mississippi, Delbert Hosemann, who agreed to file the paperwork and make it official add something


Walker Percy - Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995


Michael Schwerner - The records opened by court order in 1998 revealed the state's deep complicity in the murders of three civil rights workers at Philadelphia, Mississippi , Mississippi, because its investigator A.L. Hopkins passed on information about the workers, including the car license number of a new civil rights worker, to the commission


From 2000 to 2010, the United States Census Bureau reported that Mississippi had the highest rate of increase in people identifying as mixed-race, up 70 percent in the decade; it amounts to a total of 1,1 percent of the population add something


In 2004, Mississippi voters approved a state constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage and prohibiting Mississippi from recognizing same-sex marriages performed elsewhere add something


Mississippi had the highest rate of obesity of any U.S. state from 2005 to 2008, and ranks first in the nation for high blood pressure, diabetes, and adult inactivity add something


Poppy Z. Brite - During Hurricane Katrina and the failure of the federal levee system in 2005, Brite at first opted to stay at home, but he eventually relocated away to his mother's home in Mississippi


On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina, though a Category 3 storm upon final landfall, caused even greater destruction across the entire of the Mississippi Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Alabama add something


Because of the destruction from this hurricane, on October 17, 2005, Governor Haley Barbour signed a bill into law that allows casinos in Hancock and Harrison counties to rebuild on land add something


A 2006 survey found nearly 95 percent of Mississippi adults considered childhood obesity to be a serious problem add something


In a 2006 study, 22,8 percent of the state's children were classified as such add something


In 2007, Mississippi students scored the lowest of any state on the National Assessments of Educational Progress in both math and science add something


On August 30, 2007, a report by the United States Census Bureau indicated that Mississippi was the poorest state in the country add something


In a 2008 study of African-American women, contributing risk factors were shown to be: lack of knowledge about body mass index , dietary behavior, physical inactivity and lack of social support, defined as motivation and encouragement by friends add something


In 2009, the legislature passed a bill to repeal other discriminatory civil rights laws, which had been enacted in 1964, the same year as the federal Civil Rights Act, but ruled unconstitutional in 1967 by federal courts add something


As of 2010 Mississippi remained a stronghold of the denomination, which originally was brought by Scots immigrants add something


At the 2010 U.S. census, the racial makeup of the population was: add something


Other religions have a small presence in Mississippi; as of 2010, there were 5,012 Muslims; 4,389 Hindus; and 816 Bahá'í add something


The 2010 United States census counted 6,286 same-sex unmarried-partner households in Mississippi, an increase of 1,512 since the 2000 United States census add something


The state has the highest adherence rate of the PCA in 2010, with 121 congregations and 18,500 members add something


The state in 2010 had the highest proportion of African Americans in the nation add something


In 2011, Mississippi had the fewest dentists in the United States add something


Mary Ann Mobley - The Collinses separated in 2011, but reconciled and he moved to Biloxi, Mississippi to be with her in 2012


" Jackson, MS: University of Mississippi Press, 2014 add something


Nathan Bedford Forrest - The Sons of Confederate Veterans helped sponsor a set of Mississippi license plates commemorating the Civil War, for which the 2014 version featuring Forrest drew controversy in 2011


Emmett Till - " Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2015


State sales tax growth was 1,4 percent in 2016 and estimated to be slightly less in 2017 add something


A federal judge blocked the law in July, however it was challenged and a federal appeals court ruled in favor of the law in October 2017 add something


As of 2018, a project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation aims to update that checklist of plants with museum vouchers and create an online atlas of each species's distribution add something