default_profile

Connections

ExxonMobil
(Oil Gas Energy)
Exxon
(Oil Gas Energy)
Mobil 1
(Undefined)
Vacuum Oil Company
(Oil Gas Energy)
Norsk Hydro
(Materials)
Gas to liquids
(Oil Gas Energy)
Lukoil
(Oil Gas Energy)
 

See also

Mobil

Knowledge Identifier: &Mobil

add

Mobil

Major American oil company which merged with Exxon in 1999 to form '''ExxonMobil add

Category: Business (11)

Founded in 1892.

Countries: United States (38%), (20%), United Kingdom (8%)

Main connections: ExxonMobil, Exxon, Mobil 1

Linked to: ExxonMobil, Magnolia Petroleum Company, Vacuum Oil Company, BP

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Mobil.


1895

The Vacuum Oil Company began operating in Australia in 1895, introducing its Plume brand of petrol in 1916 add something


1899

Vacuum Oil Company - It originated the Mobil trademark in 1899


1911

Following the break-up of Standard Oil in 1911, the "'Standard Oil Company of New York,"' or "'Socony,"' was founded, along with 33 other successor companies add something


1920

In 1920, the company registered the name "Mobiloil" as a trademark add something


1923

Henry Clay Folger was head of the company until 1923, when he was succeeded by Herbert L. Pratt add something


1925

Herbert Lloyd - In 1925 Lloyd took up a job with Vacuum Oil


1928

Beginning February 29, 1928 on NBC, Socony Oil reached radio listeners with a comedy program, "Soconyland Sketches," scripted by William Ford Manley and featuring Arthur Allen and Parker Fennelly as rural New Englanders add something


1930

By the 1930s its Mobiloil had become one of the main brands add something

 

Many of its products feature the Mobil symbol of a winged red horse, Pegasus, which has been a company trademark since its affiliation with Magnolia Petroleum Company in the 1930s add something


1931

In 1931, Socony merged with Vacuum Oil to form Socony-Vacuum add something


1934

Socony continued to sponsor the show when it moved to CBS in 1934 add something


1935

In 1935, it became the "Socony Sketchbook," with Christopher Morley and the Johnny Green orchestra add something

 

Johnny Green - In 1935 Green starred on CBS' "Socony Sketchbook", sponsored by Socony-Vacuum Oil Co


1936

From 1936 to 1968, Mobil sponsored an economy run each year in which domestic automobiles of various manufacturers in several price and size classes were driven by light-footed drivers on cross-country runs add something

 

The Economy Run originated with the Gilmore Oil Company of California in 1936 and later became the Mobilgas Economy Run and still later, the Mobil Economy Run. The cars driven in the economy run were fueled with Mobil gasoline and Mobiloil and lubricants were used add something


1939

The Flying Red Horse logo was introduced in 1939, and in 1954 the Plume brand was replaced by Mobilgas add something


1940

Through the years, Mobil was among the largest sellers of gasoline and motor oils in the United States and even held the top spot during the 1940s and much of the 1950s add something


1942

During US involvement in World War II, April 29, 1942, Socony's unescorted tanker, named "Mobiloil", was sunk by a German U-boat , and all 52 people survived after 86 hours adrift in lifeboats add something


1946

In 1946 Mobil commenced construction of a refinery at Altona in Melbourne's western suburbs, which originally produced lubricating oils and bitumen, before producing motor vehicle fuels in 1956 add something


1950

Mobil gradually expanded its operation into fuels retailing as well, and opened its first UK service stations in the early 1950s, after the wartime POOL monopoly was disbanded add something

 

Coryton Refinery - In 1950 Coryton and the CLR were sold to the American Vacuum Oil Company, later Mobil

 

ExxonMobil - Mobil Chemical Company was established in 1950


1954

In 1954, Mobil introduced a new and improved Mobilgas Special in response to trends toward new automobiles powered by high-compression engines that demanded higher and higher octane gasolines add something


1955

In 1955, Socony-Vacuum was renamed Socony Mobil Oil Company add something

 

Vacuum Oil Company - In 1955, the company became Socony Mobil Oil Company


1957

Hamid Mirza - After the war Hamid Mirza returned to Mobil Oil. In 1957, he returned to Iran for the first time since he had left as a four year old, taking up a position in Tehran


1958

The Mobil Guide was an annual book of hotel and restaurant recommendations based on a system developed by Mobil in 1958 add something


1960

Eliot Noyes - Noyes redesigned the standard look for all Mobil gasoline stations during the 1960s

 

Petron Corporation - The end of the venture in the early 1960s split the marketing and refining interests of the company between Esso and Mobil


1962

In 1962, the gasoline product lines marketed as Mobilgas and Mobilgas Special were rebranded as Mobil Regular and Mobil Premium in a move to emphasize the shortened brand name "Mobil" in promotional efforts although Mobiloil continued as a single word term until the 1970s add something

 

Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., or "Stanvac," operated in 50 countries, including East Africa, New Zealand and China, before it was dissolved in 1962 add something


1963

A second refinery at Port Stanvac, south of Adelaide, came on-stream in 1963, but was closed in 2003 add something

 

In 1963, it changed its trade name from "Mobilgas" to simply "Mobil," introducing a new logo add something


1965

Mobil grew to become the seventh largest brand of petrol in Britain supplying 1,990 outlets in 1965, and claimed in the mid-1960s to be the first company to operate 100 self-service stations add something


1966

After a few years of advertising Mobil gasolines as "Megatane"-rated and as "High Energy" gasolines, Mobil began, in 1966, to promote both its Regular and Premium fuels as "Detergent Gasolines," due to the inclusion of additives designed to clean carburetors and various internal engine parts add something

 

To celebrate its 100th anniversary in 1966, "Socony" was dropped from the corporate name add something


1967

Martyn Minns - From 1967 until 1975, Minns was an executive for the Mobil Corporation in New York City


1970

During the early 1970s, Mobil ran a TV commercial featuring a character known as "Mr. Dirt" to show the ruinous effects that dirt had on automotive engines for which a tank of Mobil Detergent Gasoline could provide a cure and preventive medicine against damage that could lead to costly repairs add something

 

Methanol - Also in the early 1970s, a methanol to gasoline process was developed by Mobil for producing gasoline ready for use in vehicles

 

Sidney Barthelemy - As recently as the late 1970s and early 1980s, downtown New Orleans had experienced a building boom, with multiple office towers constructed to house the headquarters, or large regional offices, for companies such as Freeport-McMoRan, Pan American Life Insurance, Exxon, Chevron, Gulf Oil, Amoco, Mobil, &Murphy_Oil and Texaco

 

Gas to liquids - In the early 1970s, Mobil developed an alternative procedure in which natural gas is converted to syngas, and methanol

 

Gas to liquids - In the early 1970s, Mobil developed an alternative procedure in which natural gas is converted to syngas, and methanol

 

Coal liquefaction - This process, under the moniker MTG , was developed by Mobil in the early 1970s, and is being tested at a demonstration plant by Jincheng Anthracite Mining Group in Shanxi, China


1974

It was introduced in 1974 as a Multi-grade 5W20 viscosity synthetic motor oil add something

 

Brega Marketing Company - During 1974, agreements reached with Exxon, Mobil, &Elf_Aquitaine and Agip provided production-sharing on an 85-15 basis onshore, 81-19 offshore

 

National Oil Corporation - During 1974, agreements were reached with Exxon, Mobil, &Elf_Aquitaine and Agip provided production-sharing on a 85-15 basis onshore, 81-19 offshore

 

Societe Nationale de Commercialisation des Produits Petroliers - The company was established in 4 December 1974 as a state owned enterprise after nationalization and merger of Beninese daughter companies of BP, Total S.A., Agip, Texaco, Shell, Mobil and DEPP. Since 1 July 1994 SONACOP is a joint stock company


1977

Plastic shopping bag - The company's patent position gave it a virtual monopoly on plastic shopping bag production, and the company set up manufacturing plants across Europe and in the US. However, other companies saw the attraction of the bag, too, and the US petrochemicals group Mobil overturned Celloplast's US patent in 1977


1980

At the end of the 1980s Mobil sold its fuel stations in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark to Norsk Hydro, who converted them into Hydro stations add something

 

Norsk Hydro - Hydro acquired in the late 1980s the Mobil service stations in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, changing their name to Hydro

 

Statoil - Hydro acquired in the late 1980s the Mobil service stations in Norway, Sweden and Denmark, changing their name to Hydro

 

Hydro (fuel station) - The Hydro chain was created in the late 1980s when Norsk Hydro bought the Mobil stations in Norway, Sweden and Denmark to transform itself to a vertically integrated petroleum company


1981

Marathon Oil - Mobil wanted to buy the company in 1981


1982

Pay at the pump - The system was introduced in 1982 in Europe, and was first used in the USA by Mobil in 1986


1983

Brega Marketing Company - Exxon and Mobil left their Libyan operations by January 1983

 

National Oil Corporation - Exxon and Mobil left their Libyan operations by January 1983


1984

William P. Tavoulareas was President of Mobil Corporation until succeeded by Allen E. Murray in 1984 add something


1985

Mobil 1 - Brock from 1985 until his death, appeared in advertising for Mobil 1, including an international campaign that ran in the United States in 2000


1987

Mobil moved its headquarters from New York to Fairfax County, Virginia in 1987 add something

 

Mobil 1 - As well as providing lubricants and fuel to McLaren, Mobil 1 is a major brand in Formula One, for example sponsoring the German Grand Prix from 1987 to 2006 and the French Grand Prix from 1998 to 2005 ://www

 

Saab Turbo Mobil Challenge - The "'Saab Turbo Mobil Challenge"' was a "one-make" race series, run by the British Automobile Racing Club in the UK in 1987 and 1988


1990

In 1990, Mobil acquired the service station network of Esso Australia add something

 

Eket - In the 1990s, western environmentalists were concerned over the activities of oil exploitation in and around Eket, such as Shell and Mobil

 

YX Energi - The Hydro chain had been created in the early 1990s when Norsk Hydro acquired the Mobil gas stations in Norway and Sweden and the operations of Uno-X in Denmark

 

ExxonMobil - "Forbes" alleged that "ExxonMobil handed hundreds of millions of dollars to the corrupt regime of President José Eduardo dos Santos in the late 1990s


1994

Mobil 1 - From 1994 onwards, Mobil was the title sponsor of the Holden Racing Team


1996

Coryton Refinery - Coryton was operated by & BP from 1996, when & Mobil's fuels operations in Europe were placed into a joint venture with BP. Following the merger in 1999 of Mobil with Exxon, the remaining interest in the refinery was sold to BP in 2000


1997

Contactless payment - & Mobil was one of the most notable early adopters of this technology, and offered their "Speedpass" contactless payment system for participating Mobil gas stations as early as 1997

 

Aera Energy - The company began operating as Aera Energy LLC on June 1, 1997 and consists of the California onshore and offshore exploration and production assets previously operated by CalResources LLC , Mobil Exploration & Producing US Inc. , and ARCO


1998

In 1998, Mobil and Exxon agreed on a merger to create ExxonMobil, which was completed on November 30, 1999 add something

 

Mobil 1 - Since 1998, Mobil 1 has been the Chevrolet specification for the Corvette

 

ExxonMobil - These charges are consistent with a purported 1998 internal ExxonMobil strategy memo, posted by the environmental group Environmental Defense, stating

 

ExxonMobil - On June 16, 1998, Mr. Lee R. Raymond, Exxon's CEO, met with Mr. Lucio A. Noto, Mobil's CEO, at Mobil's headquarters in Fairfax, Virginia

 

ExxonMobil - In mid-August 1998, the management of Mobil asked Goldman Sachs to undertake an analysis of strategic alternatives available to Mobil

 

ExxonMobil - During November 1998, Exxon and Mobil exchanged due diligence request lists and representatives and their advisors participated in a video conference and numerous telephone calls and meetings to conduct reciprocal legal, business, accounting and financial due diligence

 

ExxonMobil - On November 26, 1998, Mr. Noto and Mr. Raymond spoke by telephone to discuss reports that had appeared in the media about a possible transaction between Exxon and Mobil

 

ExxonMobil - Over the course of the weekend of November 27, 1998, Exxon and Mobil representatives and outside counsel continued discussions towards resolving open issues

 

ExxonMobil - Following the approval of their Boards, Exxon and Mobil officially signed an agreement and plan of merger on December 1, 1998


1999

When Exxon Corporation merged with Mobil Corporation in 1999, the newly merged company ended enrollment in Mobil Corporation's domestic partner benefits for same-sex partners of employees, and it rescinded formal prohibitions against discrimination based on sexual orientation by removing it from the company's Equal Employment Opportunity policy add something

 

"'Mobil,"' previously known as the "'Socony-Vacuum Oil Company,"' was a major American oil company which merged with Exxon in 1999 to form "'ExxonMobil add something

 

ExxonMobil - Exxon Mobil Corporation was formed in 1999 by the merger of two major oil companies, Exxon and Mobil

 

ExxonMobil - When Exxon Corporation merged with Mobil Corporation in 1999, the newly merged company ended enrollment in Mobil Corporation's domestic partner benefits for same-sex partners of employees, and it rescinded formal prohibitions against discrimination based on sexual orientation by removing it from the company's Equal Employment Opportunity policy

 

ExxonMobil - Shareholders of both Exxon and Mobil approved the merger in May 1999

 

ExxonMobil - On September 29, 1999 EU Commission granted its approval of the merger with requirement of vast divestitures and breakup of the European refining and marketing joint venture of BP Amoco and Mobil

 

ExxonMobil - It is a direct descendant of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil company, and was formed on November 30, 1999, by the merger of Exxon and Mobil


2000

Following Mobil's merger with Exxon, at the start of 2000 BP acquired all the petrol retailing assets as well as the Coryton refinery add something

 

In 2000, & Lukoil purchased the remaining assets of Getty Oil, and began opening Lukoil stations in the US in 2003 add something

 

ExxonMobil - In 2000, ExxonMobil sold a refinery in Benicia, California and 340 Exxon-branded stations to Valero Energy Corporation, as part of an FTC-mandated divestiture of California assets


2001

ExxonMobil - In June 2001 a lawsuit against ExxonMobil was filed in the Federal District Court of the District of Columbia under the Alien Tort Claims Act


2002

Mobil 1 - In 2002, & Mobil 1 introduced "SuperSyn" anti-wear technology, followed by Mobil 1 Extended Performance in 2005, which increased the use of this technology further


2003

Mobil 1 - Since 2003, & Mobil 1 has been the Official Lubricants of NASCAR and sponsors the Command Performance Award, which pays a monetary bonus to the highest-finishing Mobil 1 using team

 

ExxonMobil - On April 2, 2003, former-Mobil executive J. Bryan Williams was indicted on tax charges relating to this same transaction


2004

In Spring 2004, & Lukoil purchased 779 Mobil gas stations throughout New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and in 2005 began converting them to the Lukoil brand add something

 

Getty Oil - In 2004, Lukoil bought many Mobil stations from ConocoPhillips, which had bought the stations from ExxonMobil in 2000


2005

ExxonMobil - In 2005, ExxonMobil surpassed Wal-Mart as the world's largest publicly held corporation when measured by revenue, although Wal-Mart remained the largest by number of employees

 

ExxonMobil - In 2005, ExxonMobil's stock price surged in parallel with rising oil prices, surpassing General Electric as the largest corporation in the world in terms of market capitalization


2006

ExxonMobil - Cohen stated that, as of 2006, ExxonMobil had ceased funding of the Competitive Enterprise Institute and "'five or six' similar groups"

 

ExxonMobil - The company employs over 82,000 people worldwide, as indicated in ExxonMobil's 2006 Corporate Citizen Report, with approximately 4,000 employees in its Fairfax downstream headquarters and 27,000 people in its Houston upstream headquarters


2007

ExxonMobil - While the company did not publicly state which the other similar groups were, a May 2007 report by Greenpeace does list the five groups it stopped funding as well as a list of 41 other climate skeptic groups which are still receiving ExxonMobil funds

 

ExxonMobil - New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo announced on July 17, 2007 that he had filed suit against the Exxon Mobil Corporation and ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company to force cleanup of the oil spill at Greenpoint, Brooklyn, and to restore Newtown Creek


2008

ExxonMobil - On June 12, 2008, ExxonMobil announced that it was transitioning out of the direct-served retail market, citing the increasing difficulty of running gas stations under rising crude oil costs


2009

Forbes launched revised versions of various guides in late 2009 add something

 

Circle K - In April 2009, ExxonMobil sold 43 Phoenix, Arizona stores to parent company Couche-Tard as part of a sale of the larger On the Run franchise

 

Caltex - On 27 May 2009 Caltex announced a proposal to acquire 302 Mobil and Mobil Quix service stations in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide, subject to approval of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission

 

Mobil commenced removal of the refinery in July 2009, together with site remediation works add something

 

ExxonMobil - On July 1, 2009, "The Guardian" newspaper revealed that ExxonMobil has continued to fund organizations including the National Center for Policy Analysis along with the Heritage Foundation, despite a public pledge to cut support of lobby groups who deny climate change

 

In October 2009, ExxonMobil licensed the brand to "Forbes" magazine, which retitled the guide's various designations, e add something


2010

ExxonMobil - In 2010 the Human Rights Campaign, an LGBT lobbying group and political action committee, gave Exxon Mobil a score of "0" in its Corporate Equality Index, a scorecard that rated 590 companies on several criteria including diversity training that covers gender identity issues, transgender-inclusive medical coverage including surgical procedures, and "positively engaging the external LGBT community

 

ExxonMobil - In 2010, ExxonMobil bought XTO Energy, the company focused on development and production of unconventional resources

 

On 27 May 2010, 7-Eleven announced that it had acquired Mobil's entire Australian network of 295 service stations add something

 

ExxonMobil - As of July 1, 2010, ExxonMobil occupied 8 out of 10 slots for Largest Corporate Quarterly Earnings of All Time

 

Mobil 1 - On October 12, 2010 it was announced that Mobil 1 would replace Old Spice as the co-primary sponsor on the number 14 car of Tony Stewart


2011

Mobil 1 - Since 2011, Tony Stewart has carried Mobil 1 sponsorship in his Stewart-Haas Racing car


2012

Exxon Mobil Merger with Esso Oil will merge with Exxon Mobil Japan but will be sold to TonenGeneral Oil in 2012 EMG Marketing will be merged with the company in January 2017 add something

 

ExxonMobil - In 2012, ExxonMobil confirmed a deal for production and exploration activities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq


2013

ExxonMobil - ExxonMobil is the world's largest company by revenue and in 2013, became the largest publicly traded company by market capitalization in the world

 

ExxonMobil - On March 29th, 2013, an ExxonMobil pipeline carrying Canadian Wabasca Heavy crude ruptured in Mayflower, Arkansas, releasing at least 12,000 barrels of oil and forcing the evacuation of 22 homes

 

Petron Corporation - In January 2013, Petron officially opened their Malaysian operations, rebranding all Esso and Mobil stations across the country

 

ExxonMobil - On March 29, 2013, an ExxonMobil pipeline carrying Canadian Wabasca Heavy crude ruptured in Mayflower, Arkansas, releasing at least 12,000 barrels of oil and forcing the evacuation of 22 homes


2014

ExxonMobil - In April 2014, Exxon Mobil released a report publicly acknowledging climate change risk for the first time

 

Mobil 1 - In August 2014, Mobil 1 will sponsor Stewart Haas driver Kevin Harvick in the GoBowling.com 400 at Pocono raceway


2015

ExxonMobil - On January 20, 2015, ExxonMobil announced it had adopted language in its non-discrimination policy to add sexual orientation and gender identity to the company's non-discrimination policy

 

ExxonMobil - On October 14, 2015, Ted Lieu and Mark DeSaulnier, Democratic members of The United States House of Representatives from California, wrote to the United States Attorney General requesting an investigation into whether ExxonMobil violated any federal laws by "failing to disclose truthful information" about climate change


2016

ExxonMobil - As of March 2016, the attorneys general of New York, California, Massachusetts, and the United States Virgin Islands are investigating, with the cooperation of 17 US states, whether ExxonMobil mislead consumers or investors regarding the risks of climate change


2017

Mobil 1 - In 2017, Mobil 1 switched to Red Bull Racing

 

In April 2017, Loblaw Companies sold its network of 213 gas stations to Brookfield Business Partners add something

 

ExxonMobil - In August 2017, a peer-reviewed study by Harvard researchers Geoffrey Supran and Naomi Oreskes, published in the journal "Environmental Research Letters", asserted that ExxonMobil made "explicit factual misrepresentations" about global warming in newspaper ads aimed at the general public, while acknowledging in the scientific literature that it poses significant risks


2018

As part of the sale agreement, the Mobil stations continue to offer Loblaw's PC Optimum rewards program; the following year, Imperial Oil announced a separate agreement with Loblaw to adopt PC Optimum within the Esso chain beginning in June 2018 add something

 

ExxonMobil - In October 2018, ExxonMobil was sued by the State of New York, which claimed the company defrauded shareholders by downplaying the risks of climate change for its businesses


2019

Mobil Service Stations back again in 2019 add something