Knowledge Identifier: $Montana



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (74%), (10%), U.S. (3%)

Main connections: University of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming

Linked to: Anaconda Copper Company, Carroll College, Cut Bank, Montana, Democratic Party




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At least 1500 Montanans died in the war add something


The Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation manages of School Trust Land ceded by the federal government under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to the state in 1889 when Montana was granted statehood add something


The land in Montana east of the continental divide was part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 add something


The trading post Fort Raymond was constructed in Crow Indian country in 1807 add something


In 1847, Fort Benton was established as the uppermost fur-trading post on the Missouri River add something


As white settlers began populating Montana from the 1850s through the 1870s, disputes with Native Americans ensued, primarily over land ownership and control add something


Cattle ranching has been central to Montana's history and economy since Johnny Grant began wintering cattle in the Deer Lodge Valley in the 1850s and traded cattle fattened in fertile Montana valleys with emigrants on the Oregon Trail add something


In the 1850s, settlers began moving into the Beaverhead and Big Hole valleys from the Oregon Trail and into the Clark's Fork valley add something


The first gold discovered in Montana was at Gold Creek near present-day Garrison in 1852 add something


In 1855, Washington Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens negotiated the Hellgate treaty between the United States Government and the Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and the Kootenai people of western Montana, which established boundaries for the tribal nations add something


A series of major mining discoveries in the western third of the state starting in 1862 found gold, silver, copper, lead, coal that attracted tens of thousands of miners to the area add something


The first formal school on record was at Fort Owen in Bitterroot valley in 1862 add something


Thomas Francis Meagher - The Territory of Montana was created from the eastern portion of Idaho Territory as its population increased with an influx of settlers following the discovery of gold in 1862


Another early subscription school was started by Thomas Dimsdale in Virginia City in 1863 add something


Wilbur F. Sanders - He was a young lawyer when he moved to Montana in 1863


When Ashley presented a bill to establish a temporary government in 1864 for a new territory to be carved out of Idaho, he again chose Montana Territory add something


Sidney Edgerton - Edgerton lobbied for the creation of separate territories, out of the Idaho Territory, and in 1864, Abraham Lincoln appointed Edgerton as the first Territorial Governor of Montana


Wilbur F. Sanders - He was a Republican candidate for election in 1864, 1867, 1880, and 1886 as a Delegate to Congress, and was a member of the Territorial house of representatives of Montana from 1873 to 1879


Alfred Pleasonton - In 1864 and 1865, he instituted a policy of amnesty granting parole to Confederate prisoners on condition they go up the Missouri River to the Dakota and Montana Territories


Sidney Edgerton - On January 10, 1864, Edgerton and the Montana Vigilantes traveled to Sheriff Henry Plummer's home


The Montana Territory was formed on April 26, 1864, when the U.S. passed the Organic Act. Schools started forming in the area before it was officially a territory as families started settling into the area add something


Montana became a United States territory on May 26, 1864 add something


Montana's motto, "Oro y Plata", Spanish for "Gold and Silver", recognizing the significant role of mining, was first adopted in 1865, when Montana was still a territory add something


She was a 25-year-old woman who had traveled to Virginia City via wagon train in 1865 add something


The capital moved to Virginia City in 1865 and to Helena in 1875 add something


Wilbur F. Sanders - Also he realized the importance of preserving early records and for thirty years, as the president of the Montana Historical Society, established in 1865, he accumulated newspapers and documents in his law office


The Montana Historical Society, founded on February 2, 1865, in Virginia City is the oldest such institution west of the Mississippi add something


Nelson Story brought the first Texas Longhorn cattle into the territory in 1866 add something


The first U.S. Army post established in Montana was Camp Cooke in 1866, on the Missouri River, to protect steamboat traffic going to Fort Benton, Montana add something


Under Territorial Governor Thomas Meagher, Montanans held a constitutional convention in 1866 in a failed bid for statehood add something


Sidney Edgerton - After serving as the Territorial Governor of Montana, in 1866, Edgerton returned to Akron, Ohio, Ohio


Martin Maginnis - Afterwards, he moved to Helena, Montana with his brothers in 1866 where he engaged in mining and later in publishing and editing the "Helena, Montana Daily Gazette"


The first school year was scheduled to begin in January 1866, but severe weather postponed its opening until March add something


Sidney Edgerton - Despite remaining governor, until January 13, 1866, Edgerton did not return to Montana for 25 years


Black Bart (outlaw) - By 1867, he was prospecting again in Idaho and Montana


Thomas Francis Meagher - In the summer of 1867, Meagher traveled to Fort Benton, Montana, to receive a shipment of guns and ammunition sent by General Sherman for use by the Montana Militia


Henry D. Washburn - He was appointed surveyor general of Montana in 1869 and served until his death


However, the railroad played a major role in sparking tensions with Native American tribes in the 1870s add something


In 1870, the non-Indian population of Montana Territory was 20,595 add something


Some estimates say there were over 13 million bison in Montana in 1870 add something


Joseph Toole - He moved to Helena, Montana , Montana in 1870; studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1871 and commenced practice in Helena, Montana


Edmund Rice (Medal of Honor) - Rice spent the remainder of the Indian Wars of the 1870s and 1880s mostly at Fort Keogh, Montana, Fort Totten, North Dakota, Fort Rice, North Dakota, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas


Jay Cooke, the NPR president launched major surveys into the Yellowstone valley in 1871, 1872 and 1873 which were challenged forcefully by the Sioux under chief Sitting Bull add something


Joseph Toole - Toole was district attorney of the third judicial district of Montana 1872-1876 and a member of the Montana Territorial House of Representatives from 1879 to 1881; member and president of the Territorial council 1881-1883


These clashes, in part, contributed to the Panic of 1873, a financial crisis that delayed construction of the railroad into Montana add something


Great Sioux War of 1876 - Surveys in 1874, 1875 and 1876 helped spark the Great Sioux War of 1876 add something


Edmund Rice (Medal of Honor) - In 1874 Rice commanded an expedition against Ute tribe Indians near Spanish Peaks, Colorado, and volunteered for an 1876 campaign against Sioux Indians in Montana, in retaliation for the loss of the 7th Cavalry at Little Bighorn


In 1875, General Philip Sheridan pleaded to a joint session of Congress to authorize the slaughtering of herds in order to deprive the Indians of their source of food add something


Nez Perce War - Major battles occurred in Montana during Red Cloud's War, the Great Sioux War of 1876, the Nez Perce War and in conflicts with Piegan Blackfeet add something


Alfred Terry - Terry was the commander of the U.S. Army column marching westward into the Montana Territory during what is now popularly known as the Centennial Campaign in 1876–77


Morgan Earp - In late 1877, Morgan took his common-law wife Louisa A. Houston to Montana, where they lived until March, 1880


Nelson A. Miles - In the winter of 1877, he drove his troops on a forced march across Montana and intercepted the Nez Percé band led by Chief Joseph


Granville Stuart, Samuel Hauser and Andrew J. Davis started a major open range cattle operation in Fergus County in 1879 add something


By 1880, there were farms in the more verdant valleys of central and western Montana, but few on the eastern plains add something


In the 1880s, Helena had more millionaires per capita than any other United States city add something


Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the 1880s add something


Some farmers came with the arrival of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railroads throughout the 1880s and 1890s, though in relatively small numbers add something


Nelson A. Miles - While on the Yellowstone, he developed expertise with the heliograph for sending communications signals, establishing a line of heliographs connecting Fort Keogh and Fort Custer, Montana by 1880


A number of smaller spur lines operated in Montana from 1881 into the 20th century including the Oregon Short Line, Montana Railroad and Milwaukee Road add something


In 1881, the Utah and Northern Railway a branch line of the Union Pacific completed a narrow gauge line from northern Utah to Butte add something


Tracks of the Northern Pacific Railroad reached Montana from the west in 1881 and from the east in 1882 add something


Louis Riel - He married in 1881 while in exile in Montana, and fathered three children


Louis Riel - Riel soon became involved in the politics of Montana, and in 1882, actively campaigned on behalf of the Republican Party


Robert Burns Smith - Smith moved to Dillon, Montana and practiced law from September 1882 to 1889


The transcontinental NPR was completed on September 8, 1883, at Gold Creek add something


By 1884, commercial hunting had brought bison to the verge of extinction; only about 325 bison remained in the entire United States add something


Ninety percent of its language came from an 1884 constitution which was never acted upon by Congress for national political reasons add something


Robert Burns Smith - He was a member of the 1884 State Constitution Convention, U. S. District Attorney from 1885 to 1889, and city attorney of the city of Helena, Montana in 1890


Joseph Toole - Toole was a delegate to the State Constitutional Convention at Helena, Montana in 1884 and 1889 and elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses ; he did not seek renomination in 1888


Louis Riel - With two young children, he had by 1884 settled down and was teaching school at the St. Peter's Jesuit mission in the Sun River district of Montana


A second constitutional convention was held in Helena in 1884 that produced a constitution ratified 3:1 by Montana citizens in November 1884 add something


Madison County was the first to take advantage of the newly authorized taxes and it formed fhe first public school in Virginia City in 1886 add something


William Temple Hornaday - In 1886 Hornaday went out west, to the Musselshell River region of Montana, where the last surviving herds of wild American buffalo lived


Tracks of the Great Northern Railroad reached eastern Montana in 1887 and when they reached the northern Rocky Mountains in 1890, the GNR became a significant promoter of tourism to Glacier National Park region add something


Charles Wallace Richmond - In 1888, Richmond took part in a United States Geological Survey expedition to Montana


For political reasons, Congress did not approve Montana statehood until 1889 add something


From 1889 to 1909, elections for judicial office in Montana were partisan add something


From statehood in 1889 until 1913, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by a single representative, elected at-large add something


However, the 1889 Montana constitution significantly restricted the power of state government, the legislature was much more powerful than the executive branch, and the jurisdiction of the District Courts very specifically described add something


Montana voters amended the 1889 constitution 37 times between 1889 and 1972 add something


Overall, since 1889 the state has voted for Democratic governors 60 percent of the time and Republican presidents 40 percent of the time add something


The 1889 constitution mimicked the structure of the United States Constitution, as well as outlining almost the same civil and political rights for citizens add something


The constitution of 1889 provided for the election of no fewer than three Supreme Court justices, and one Chief Justice add something


The first constitution was drafted by a constitutional convention in 1889, in preparation for statehood add something


Henry B. Carrington - He briefly returned to the West and was instrumental in drafting a treaty with the Flathead Indians in Montana in 1889


Thomas Francis Meagher - Montana at last gained statehood in 1889, more than 20 years after Meagher's death


Albert R. Anderson - One of the last votes Anderson cast in Congress was on the Enabling Act of 1889, which set in motion the admission into the union of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington


Congress approved Montana statehood in February 1889 and President Grover Cleveland signed an omnibus bill granting statehood to Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota and Washington once the appropriate state constitutions were crafted add something


In July 1889, Montanans convened their third constitutional convention and produced a constitution accepted by the people and the federal government add something


On November 8, 1889 President Benjamin Harrison proclaimed Montana the forty-first state in the union add something


Joseph Toole - Toole was the first Governor of Montana, serving from November 8, 1889, until January 1, 1893


However, public opinion grew increasingly negative toward them in the 1890s and nearly half of the state's Asian population left the state by 1900 add something


Martin Maginnis - Afterwards, was unsuccessful in being elected back to the House of Representatives in 1890, was Commissioner of Mineral Land of Montana from 1890 to 1893 and presented his credentials as a Senator-designate in 1900 to fill a vacancy, but was not seated


Wilbur F. Sanders - Upon the admission of Montana as a State into the Union, he was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate and served from January 1, 1890, to March 3, 1893


The Salish remained in the Bitterroot Valley until 1891 add something


The design was only slightly modified after Montana became a state and adopted it as the Great Seal of the State of Montana, enacted by the legislature in 1893 add something


The transcontinental GNR was completed on January 6, 1893, at Scenic, Washington add something


The highest observed summer temperature was at Glendive on July 20, 1893, and Medicine Lake on July 5, 1937 add something


The state flower, the $ Bitterroot, was adopted in 1895 with the support of a group called the Floral Emblem Association, which formed after Montana's Women's Christian Temperance Union adopted the bitterroot as the organization's state flower add something


Robert Burns Smith - On the Democratic ticket through a coalition of democrats and populists, Smith won the election in November 1896, and served as Governor of Montana from 1897 to 1901


Robert Burns Smith - He served as the third Governor of Montana from 1897 to 1901


Frank Rinehart - It includes images from the 1898 Exposition, the 1899 Greater American Exposition, studio portraits from 1900, and photographs by Rinehart taken at the Crow Agency in Montana in 1900


In the early 1900s, James J. Hill of the Great Northern began promoting settlement in the Montana prairie to fill his trains with settlers and goods add something


Thomas Riggs, Jr. - From 1901 to 1903 he worked as a mining engineer in Idaho, Montana, and Utah


Joseph Toole - He served as the fourth Governor of Montana from January 7, 1901 until April 1, 1908, when he resigned because of ill health


In 1902, the Reclamation Act was passed, allowing irrigation projects to be built in Montana's eastern river valleys add something


Pioneering feminist author, film-maker, and media personality Mary MacLane attained international fame in 1902 with her memoir of three months in her life in Butte, "The Story of Mary MacLane" add something


Arthur Nevin - In 1903 and 1904, he spent the summers living with the Blackfoot tribe in Montana, using the opportunity to study their music and folklore


The annual event lasted from 1906 to 1916 add something


Mike Mansfield - His mother died from pneumonia in 1906, and his father subsequently sent Michael and his two sisters to live with an aunt and uncle in Great Falls, Montana


The state tree, the ponderosa pine, was selected by Montana schoolchildren as the preferred state tree by an overwhelming majority in a referendum held in 1908 add something


Robert Burns Smith - He died on November 16, 1908, and is interred at Conrad Memorial Cemetery, Kalispell, Montana, Flathead County, Montana USA.


Beginning in 1909, these elections became nonpartisan add something


In 1909, Congress passed the Enlarged Homestead Act that expanded the amount of free land from per family and in 1912 reduced the time to "prove up" on a claim to three years add something


Norman Maclean - After Clarinda, Iowa, the family relocated to Missoula, Montana in 1909


By 1910, homesteaders filed claims on over five million acres, and by 1923, over 93 million acres were farmed add something


The state song was not composed until 21 years after statehood, when a musical troupe led by Joseph E. Howard stopped in Butte in September 1910 add something


The Montana Supreme Court struck down the nonpartisan law in 1911 on technical grounds, but a new law was enacted in 1935 which barred political parties from endorsing, making contributions to, or making expenditures on behalf of or against judicial candidates add something


Leslie Groves - In 1911, Chaplain Groves was ordered to return to the 14th Infantry, which was now stationed at Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana


Among Montana's most historically prominent Senators are Thomas J. Walsh , who was President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt's choice for Attorney General when he died; Burton K. Wheeler , an oft-mentioned presidential candidate and strong supporter of isolationism; Mike Mansfield, the longest-serving Senate Majority Leader in U.S. history; Max Baucus , longest-serving U.S. Senator in Montana history, and the senator who shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the Senate in 2010; and Lee Metcalf , a pioneer of the en add something


Montana received a second representative in 1913, following the 1910 census and reapportionment add something


In 1914, Montana granted women the vote add something


In 1916, Montana became the first state to elect a woman, Progressive Republican Jeannette Rankin, to Congress add something


In 1916, the Stock-Raising Homestead Act allowed homesteads of 640 acres in areas unsuitable for irrigation add something


Of Montana's House delegates, Jeannette Rankin was the first woman to hold national office in the United States when she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1916 add something


In June 1917, the U.S. Congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917 which was later extended by the Sedition Act of 1918, enacted in May 1918 add something


On August 1, 1917, he was dragged from his boarding house by masked vigilantes, and hanged from a railroad trestle, considered a lynching add something


George A. White - White re-entered Federal service on September 10, 1917 with the rank of major and was given the post of Assistant Adjutant General of the 41st Division, a new division being organized from National Guard units from Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming


In the wake of the legislative action in 1918, emotions rose add something


In February 1918, the Montana legislature had passed the Montana Sedition Act, which was a model for the federal version add something


Beginning in 1919, Montana moved to district, rather than at-large, elections for its two House members add something


The legislature increased the number of justices to five in 1919 add something


The prohibition on speaking German remained in effect into the early 1920s add something


Florence Jaffray Harriman - She was often in the company of another widowed fixture of 1920s Washington, Montana U.S. Senator Thomas J. Walsh


Mike Mansfield - Following his return to Montana in 1922, Mansfield worked as a "mucker," shoveling ore and other waste, in the copper mines of Butte, Montana for eight years


Bob Marshall (wilderness activist) - Instead he was assigned to the Northern Rocky Mountain Experiment Station at Missoula, Montana in 1925


Joseph Toole - Toole lived in retirement, dividing his time between his home in Helena, Montana and San Francisco , California until his death on March ll, 1929, at the age of 77


Montana has been a destination for its world-class trout fisheries since the 1930s add something


Schoolchildren chose the western meadowlark as the state bird, in a 1930 vote, and the legislature acted to endorse this decision in 1931 add something


Norman Maclean - On September 24, 1931 Maclean married Jessie Burns , a red-headed Scots-Irish woman from Wolf Creek, Montana


William Andrews Clark, Jr. - He died on June 14, 1934 Salmon Lake, Montana


In 1940, Jeannette Rankin was again elected to Congress add something


Mike Mansfield - In 1940, Mansfield ran an unsuccessful campaign for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives in Montana's 1st congressional district


In 1941, as she had in 1917, she voted against the United States' declaration of war after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor add something


Roger Youderian - After graduating from Fergus High School in Lewistown, Montana, Montana in 1941, he attended Montana State College until he enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1943


When the U.S. entered World War II on December 7, 1941, many Montanans already had enlisted in the military to escape the poor national economy of the previous decade add something


Roger Youderian - In 1944, he participated in the Rhine jump and the Battle of the Bulge, and returned to Montana in 1946


Upon arriving in Helena, Howard's troupe performed 12 encores of the new song to an enthusiastic audience and the governor proclaimed it the state song on the spot, though formal legislative recognition did not occur until 1945 add something


David Lynch - Lynch was born in Missoula, Montana on January 20, 1946.


In the post-World War II Cold War era, Montana became host to U.S. Air Force Military Air Transport Service for airlift training in C-54 Skymasters and eventually, in 1953 Strategic Air Command air and missile forces were based at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Great Falls add something


However, the legislature did not designate a state tree until 1949, when the Montana Federation of Garden Clubs, with the support of the state forester, lobbied for formal recognition add something


In more recent presidential elections, Montana has voted for the Republican candidate in all but two elections from 1952 to the present add something


Since 1952, North American Indian Days has been held every July in Browning add something


Townes Van Zandt - In 1952 the family transplanted from Fort Worth to Midland, Texas, for six months before moving to Billings, Montana


The coldest temperature on record for Montana is the coldest temperature for the entire contiguous U.S. On January 20, 1954, was recorded at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass add something


This changed in 1959 when Lee Enterprises bought several Montana newspapers add something


Until 1959, the company owned five of the state's six largest newspapers add something


In December 1959, Malmstrom AFB was selected as the home of the new Minuteman I ballistic missile add something


In late 1962 missiles assigned to the 341st Strategic Missile Wing would play a major role in the Cuban Missile Crisis add something


The first operational missiles were in-place and ready in early 1962 add something


Conrad Burns - In 1962, he traveled the state as a field representative for "Polled Hereford World" magazine in Billings, Montana


There are approximately of wilderness in 12 separate wilderness areas that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System established by the Wilderness Act of 1964 add something


W. C. Tuttle - Montana Man, Avalon 1966 USA


From 1968 through 1988, the state was dominated by the Democratic Party, with Democratic governors for a 20-year period, and a Democratic majority of both the national congressional delegation and during many sessions of the state legislature add something


Conrad Burns - In 1968, he turned down a transfer to Iowa and became a cattle auctioneer for the Billings, Montana Livestock Commission


Large-scale battles revolved around the giant Anaconda Copper company, based in Butte and controlled by Rockefeller interests, until it closed in the 1970s add something


In 1971, Montana voters approved the call for a state constitutional convention add something


The 1972 constitution has been amended 31 times as of 2015 add something


The 1972 constitution lengthened the term of office to eight years, and established the minimum number of justices at five add something


The 1972 constitution requires that voters determine every 20 years whether to hold a new constitutional convention add something


On January 15, 1972, a chinook wind blew in and the temperature rose from add something


The constitution was narrowly approved, 116,415 to 113,883, and declared ratified on June 20, 1972 add something


The Water Court adjudicates water rights claims under the Montana Water Use Act of 1973, and has statewide jurisdiction add something


Brian Schweitzer - Following his high school years at The Abbey School, Holy Cross Abbey, Canon City, Colorado in 1973, Schweitzer earned his Bachelor of Science degree in international agronomy from Colorado State University in 1978 and a Master of Science in soil science from Montana State University, Bozeman in 1980.


Montana Youth Courts were established by the Montana Youth Court Act of 1974 add something


The Montana Worker's Compensation Court was established by the Montana Workers' Compensation Act in 1975 add something


Hank Williams, Jr. - This trend was interrupted by a near-fatal fall off the side of Ajax Mountain in Montana on August 8, 1975


The stretch of river between Fort Benton and the Fred Robinson Bridge at the western boundary of Fort Peck Reservoir was designated a National Wild and Scenic River in 1976 add something


In 1977 the "Sweet Pea" concept was revived as an arts festival rather than a harvest celebration, growing into a three-day event that is one of the largest festivals in Montana add something


Denny Rehberg - In 1977 he began working as an intern in the Montana State Senate, and two years later he joined the Washington, D.C. staff of Montana U.S. Congressman Ron Marlenee as a legislative assistant.


It allowed the legislature to increase the number of justices by two, which the legislature did in 1979 add something


The Montana Water Court was established by the Montana Water Court Act of 1979 add something


Bobby Petrino - Petrino grew up in Helena, Montana , Montana, and graduated from Capital High in 1979


The state's Native American population grew by 27,9 percent between 1980 and 1990 , and by 18,5 percent between 2000 and 2010 add something


Richard Brautigan - The couple settled in Pine Creek, Park County, Montana for two years; Brautigan and Yoshimura were divorced in 1980


Pete Fromm - Fromm was born in Shorewood, Wisconsin, and holds a B.S. in wildlife biology from the University of Montana where he graduated with honors in 1981


Gary Albright - In 1981 Albright placed 2nd in the state championships in Helena, Montana , Montana


Montana is one of only three states to have a "state ballad", "Montana Melody", chosen by the legislature in 1983 add something


The students of Livingston started a statewide school petition drive plus lobbied the governor and the state legislature to name the "Maiasaura" as the state fossil in 1985 add something


Denny Rehberg - Rehberg was elected to the Montana State House of Representatives from 1985 to 1991, where he served three terms.


This pattern shifted, beginning with the 1988 election, when Montana elected a Republican governor for the first time since 1964 and sent a Republican to the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1948 add something


" Between 1988 and 2006, the pattern flipped, with voters more likely to elect conservatives to federal offices add something


In the reapportionment following the 1990 census, Montana lost one of its House seats add something


Montana currently has only one representative in the U.S. House, having lost its second district in the 1990 census reapportionment add something


The state has a small Métis population, and 1990 census data indicated that people from as many as 275 different tribes lived in Montana add something


Voters turned down a new convention in 1990 and again in 2010 add something


Richard Ford - Although his 1990 novel "Wildlife", a story of a Montana golf pro turned firefighter, met with mixed reviews and middling sales, by the end of the 1980s Ford's reputation was solid


Jenna Jameson - Jameson writes in her autobiography that in October 1990, when she was 16 years old and while the family was living on a cattle ranch in Fromberg, Montana, she was beaten with rocks and gang raped by four boys after a football game at Fromberg High School


In 1992, voters approved a constitutional amendment implementing term limits for certain statewide elected executive branch offices and for members of the Montana Legislature add something


Robert Redford's 1992 film of Norman Mclean's novel, "A River Runs Through It", was filmed in Montana and brought national attention to fly fishing and the state add something


The state last supported a Democrat for president in 1992, when Bill Clinton won a plurality victory add something


Thomas Garrigus - In 1993 he married his wife Jackie, and they moved to Montana in 2006 to retire


This shift continued with the reapportionment of the state's legislative districts that took effect in 1994, when the Republican Party took control of both chambers of the state legislature, consolidating a Republican party dominance that lasted until the 2004 reapportionment produced more swing districts and a brief period of Democratic legislative majorities in the mid-2000s add something


The lone congressional district has been Republican since 1996 and in 2014 Steve Daines won one of the state's Senate seats for the GOP. The Legislative branch had split party control between the house and senate most years between 2004 and 2010, when the mid-term elections returned both branches to Republican control add something


William Temple Hornaday - After many years of neglect, they were rediscovered, restored, and placed on display in 1996 at the Museum of the Northern Great Plains in Fort Benton, Montana


Denny Rehberg - From 1996 to 2001, Rehberg managed the Rehberg Ranch near Billings, Montana.


Denny Rehberg - Rehberg was born in Billings, Montana, the son of Patricia Rae and Jack Dennis Rehberg.


Edward Eugene Harper - His mother died in 1998, and her obituary mentioned that her son Edward E. Harper was living in Montana


The Indian Education for All Act was passed in 1999 to provide funding for this mandate and ensure implementation add something


Conrad Burns - Terms Unlimited", "The Washington Post", June 24, 1999 Later that same month, while giving a speech about U.S. dependence on foreign oil to the Montana Equipment Dealers Association, he referred to Arabs as "ragheads"


According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 94,8 percent of the population aged 5 and older speak English at home add something


Montana's population grew at about the national average during the 2000s, but it failed to regain its second seat in 2010 add something


Denny Rehberg - Congressman Rick Hill of Montana's At-large congressional district decided to retire after two terms in 2000.


All other symbols were adopted throughout the 20th century, save for Montana's newest symbol, the state butterfly, the mourning cloak, adopted in 2001, and the state lullaby, "Montana Lullaby", adopted in 2007 add something


Ted Turner - In 2002, Turner co-founded Ted's Montana Grill, a restaurant chain specializing in bison meat


Mike Mansfield - The Mike Mansfield Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Missoula, Montana was renamed in his honor in 2002


Ted Turner - Turner caused a stir in Montana in 2003 by funding a project to restore westslope cutthroat trout to Cherry Creek and Cherry Lake


The state was sued in 2004 because of lack of funding, and the state has increased its support of the program add something


Brian Morris, who served as an Associate Justice of the Montana Supreme Court from 2005 to 2013, currently served as a judge on the court add something


Arthur Nevin - From there it fell into obscurity; it was only given again in the United States by a group in Great Falls, Montana, in 2005


Pete Fromm - He has been on the faculty of Pacific University's MFA in Writing program since 2005, and lives in Montana, with his wife and sons


Billy Ray Cyrus - In late 2005, Cyrus and his daughter Miley Cyrus began co-starring in the Disney Channel original television series, "Hannah Montana," which premiered on March 24, 2006


Billy Ray Cyrus - In late 2005, he began to co-star in the Disney Channel series "Hannah Montana" with his daughter Miley Cyrus


Brian Schweitzer - In March 2005, Schweitzer suggested that Montana's National Guard troops be recalled from service in Iraq to assist firefighting during Montana's wildfire season.


Howard Dean - The success of the strategy became apparent after the 2006 midterm elections, where Democrats took back the House and picked up seats in the Senate from normally Republican states such as Missouri and Montana


In May 2006, then-Governor Brian Schweitzer posthumously issued full pardons for all those convicted of violating the Montana Sedition Act. add something


Conrad Burns - In July 2006, Burns met up serendipitously with a group of firefighters waiting for their flight home in the Billings, Montana airport


Conrad Burns - Earlier in October 2006, the Washington D.C. newspaper "Roll Call" reported that Montana legislative auditors gave the FBI evidence not included in their June report indicating there was clear criminal activity" involved in the alliance between INSA, Burns and Giacometto


Conrad Burns - In October 2006, the "Missoulian" reported further problems with IMSA and with the University of Montana's Northern Rockies Center for Space Privatization, which has a history of sharing employees with INSA, some of whom are related


Craig Ferguson - During 2007, Ferguson, who at the time held only British citizenship, used "The Late Late Show" as a forum for seeking honorary citizenship from every state in the U.S. He has received honorary citizenship from Nebraska, Arkansas, Virginia, Montana, North_Dakota, New Jersey, Tennessee, South Carolina, South Dakota, Nevada, Alaska, Texas, Wyoming, Pennsylvania and Indiana, and was "commissioned" as an admiral in the tongue-in-cheek Nebraska Navy


Many Montana cities set heat records during July 2007, the hottest month ever recorded in Montana add something


However, in August 2007 Senator Jon Tester made a request to the Navy that a submarine be christened U.S."Montana" add something


For this accomplishment, the horse was admitted to the Montana Cowboy Hall of Fame in 2008 add something


In the 2008 presidential election, Montana was considered a swing state and was ultimately won by Republican John McCain, albeit by a narrow margin of two percent add something


As of 2009, almost two-thirds of Native Americans in the state live in urban areas add something


The United States Department of Education estimated in 2009 that 5,274 students in Montana spoke a language at home other than English add something


Brian Schweitzer - Schweitzer signed into Law the Montana Firearms Freedom Act on April 15, 2009 which became effective October 1, 2009.


Henry Allingham - With the death of Tomoji Tanabe on 19 June 2009 he became the oldest living man in the world; after Allingham's death, that title passed to Walter Breuning of Montana


According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population of Montana's seven most populous cities, in rank order, are Billings, Missoula, Great Falls, Bozeman, Butte, Helena and Kalispell add something


As of 2010, Missoula is the 166th largest media market in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research, while Billings is 170th, Great Falls is 190th, the Butte-Bozeman area 191st, and Helena is 206th add something


Of Montana's 20 largest cities, Polson , Havre , Great Falls , Billings , and Anaconda had the greatest percentage of Native American residents in 2010 add something


The 2010 Census put Montana's population at 989,415 which is an increase of 43,534 people, or 4,40 percent, since 2010 add something


The largest European ancestry groups in Montana as of 2010 are: German , Irish , English , Norwegian , French and Italian add something


The largest denominations in Montana as of 2010 were the Catholic Church with 127,612 adherents, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 46,484 adherents, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 38,665 adherents, and non-denominational Evangelical Protestant with 27,370 adherents add something


Denny Rehberg - In July 2010, Rehberg's corporation that has developed a subdivision on his former ranch land sued the City of Billings, Montana and its Fire Department for failing to protect trees and some scrub brush.


Montana is a relative hub of beer microbrewing, ranking third in the nation in number of craft breweries per capita in 2011 add something


There were about 13,040 Spanish-language speakers in the state in 2011 add something


Rick Bass - In 2011 Rick moved from the Yaak area of Montana to Missoula, Montana


Brian Schweitzer - In 2011, Schweitzer announced his intention to provide single-payer health care in Montana, based on the Saskatchewan plan.


In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down Montana's judicial nonpartisan election law in Although candidates must remain nonpartisan, spending by partisan entities is now permitted add something


Montana's two U.S. senators are Jon Tester , last reelected in 2012, and Steve Daines , first elected in 2014 add something


The current Governor is Steve Bullock, a Democrat elected in 2012 add something


Brian Schweitzer - Due to term limits in Montana, he was barred from running for a third term in 2012


On January 3, 2012, the Census and Economic Information Center at the Montana Department of Commerce estimated Montana had hit the one million population mark sometime between November and December 2011 add something


The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Montana was 1,005,141 on July 1, 2012, a 1,6 percent increase since the 2010 United States Census add something


Based on 2013 census numbers, they collectively contain 35 percent of Montana's population. and the counties containing these communities hold 62 percent of the state's population add something


Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport is the busiest airport in the state of Montana, surpassing Billings Logan International Airport in the spring of 2013 add something


In 2013 "AARP The Magazine" named the Billings Clinic one of the safest hospitals in the United States add something


Brian Schweitzer - On July 13, 2013, Schweitzer stated that he would not run for the Senate seat in Montana in 2014


As of August 2013, there are 527 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Montana, with 114 such AM stations add something


As of June 2015, the state's unemployment rate is 3,9 percent add something


Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced on September 3, 2015 that Virginia Class attack Submarine SSN-794 will bear the state's namesake add something


Extensive new constitutional rights for victims of crime were approved in 2016 add something


Thomas Francis Meagher - American journalist and writer Timothy Egan, who published a biography of Meagher in 2016, suggested that he may have been murdered by Montana political enemies


Thomas Francis Meagher - Timothy Egan, author of a 2016 biography on Meagher, has suggested that the governor was murdered by Montana opponents


Conrad Burns - Burns died in Billings, Montana on April 28, 2016 at the age of 81


The state Senate is, as of 2017, controlled by the Republicans 32 to 18, and the State House of Representatives at 59 to 41 add something


Montana's two U.S. senators are Jon Tester , who was reelected in 2018, and Steve Daines , first elected in 2014 add something


The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Montana was 1,062,305 on July 1, 2018, a 7,37 percent increase since the 2010 United States Census add something


As of January 2019, the state's unemployment rate is 3,8 percent add something