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Connections

Frank Sinatra
(Music)
Nature Boy
(Song)
Les Paul
(Sciences)
California
(Animal)
Johnny Mathis
(Music)
Capitol Records
(Music)
 

See also

Nat King Cole

Knowledge Identifier: +Nat_King_Cole

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Nat King Cole

American singer and musician who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist add

Category: Music (655)

Born in 1919.

Countries: United States (75%), (7%), California (5%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Frank Sinatra, Nature Boy, Les Paul

Linked to: Capitol Records, NBC, University of Chicago Press, DuSable High School

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Nat King Cole.


Nat King Cole was born in 1919 add something


1920

Joe Comfort - Comfort, from a musically oriented Los Angeles family, taught himself bass and began performing with Lionel Hampton's orchestra in the late 1920s, and later began performing with Nat King Cole in a partnership that would continue until the early 1950s


1925

Cornell Borchers - "'Cornell Borchers"' is a German actress, active in the late 1940s and 1950s, who starred along with Errol Flynn and Nat King Cole in the film "Istanbul"


1930

The trio played in Failsworth throughout the late 1930s and recorded many radio transcriptions add something

 

Nature Boy - Although he had come into prominence in 1930 as a leader of the jazz trio named King Cole Trio, it was with "Nature Boy" that he received widespread recognition, and it was his rendition that appealed to the white audience


1936

His older brother, Eddie, a bass player, soon joined Cole's band, and they made their first recording in 1936 under Eddie's name add something


1938

Their first broadcast was with NBC's Blue Network in 1938 add something


1940

Beginning in the late 1940s, Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material for mainstream audiences, in which he was often accompanied by a string orchestra add something

 

In the 1940s the trio appeared on the "Old Gold", "Chesterfield Supper Club" and "Kraft Music Hall" radio shows add something

 

Helen Humes - During the 1940s and 1950s, Humes became a solo performer and worked with different bands and other vocalists, among them Nat King Cole

 

Frank De Vol - From the 1940s, De Vol wrote arrangements for the studio recordings of many top singers, including Nat King Cole, Ella_Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Tony Bennett, Dinah Shore, Doris Day, Vic Damone and Jaye P. Morgan

 

Red Callender - In the 1940s Callender recorded with Nat King Cole, Erroll Garner, Charlie Parker, Wardell Gray, Dexter Gordon and many others

 

Capitol Records - The label's other 1940's artists included Les Baxter, Les Paul, Peggy Lee, Stan Kenton, Les Brown, western swing artists Tex Williams, Merle Travis and Wesley Tuttle, Benny Goodman and Nat King Cole


1941

Louis Jordan - In April 1941 Decca launched the Sepia Series, a 35-cent line that featured artists who were considered to have the "crossover potential" to sell in both the black and white markets, and Jordan's band was transferred from Decca's "race" label to the Sepia Series, alongside The Delta Rhythm Boys, the Nat King Cole Trio, Buddy Johnson and the Jay McShann Band


1943

Cole's first mainstream vocal hit was his 1943 recording of one of his compositions, "Straighten Up and Fly Right", based on a black folk tale that his father had used as a theme for a sermon add something

 

The King Cole Trio signed with the fledgling Capitol Records in 1943 add something


1944

Around the time Cole launched his singing career, he entered into Freemasonry, being raised in January 1944 in the Thomas Waller Lodge No. 49 in California, the lodge being named after fellow Prince Hall mason and jazz musician Fats Waller add something

 

Les Paul - As a last-minute replacement for Oscar Moore, Paul played with Nat King Cole and other artists in the inaugural Jazz at the Philharmonic concert in Los Angeles, California, on July 2, 1944


1946

In 1946, the Cole trio paid to have their own 15-minute radio program on the air add something


1947

Nature Boy - In 1947, at the prompting of Cowboy Jack Patton and Johnny Mercer, ahbez approached Nat King Cole's manager backstage at the Lincoln Theater in Los Angeles, handed him a tattered copy of "Nature Boy", and asked him to show it to Cole


1948

Cole's first marriage, to Nadine Robinson, ended in 1948 add something

 

On March 28, 1948 , just six days after his divorce became final, Cole married singer Maria Hawkins Ellington add something

 

In August 1948, Cole purchased a house from Col. Harry Gantz, the former husband of Lois Weber, in the all-white Hancock Park neighborhood of Los Angeles add something

 

Nature Boy - It was released on March 29, 1948, as a single by Capitol Records, and later appeared on the album, "The Nat King Cole Story"


1949

Greenwich Village - Notable performers there included among others: Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Nat King Cole, John_Coltrane, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Coleman Hawkins, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Burl Ives, Lead Belly, Anita O'Day, Charlie Parker, Les Paul and Mary Ford, Paul Robeson, Kay Starr, Art Tatum, Sarah Vaughan, Dinah Washington, Josh White, Teddy Wilson, Lester Young, and The Weavers, who in Christmas 1949, played at the Village Vanguard


1950

Miller would later be replaced by Charlie Harris in the 1950s add something

 

Riddle arranged several of Cole's 1950s albums, including his first 10-inch long-play album, his 1953 "Nat King Cole Sings For Two In Love" add something

 

The Ku Klux Klan, still active in Los Angeles well into the 1950s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn add something

 

Throughout the 1950s, Cole continued to rack up successive hits, selling in millions throughout the world, including "Smile", "Pretend", "A Blossom Fell", and "If I May" add something

 

Don Bagley - Between 1950 and 1952 he did extensive work as a session musician with Nat King Cole, May nard Ferguson, and Dexter Gordon

 

Ralph Carmichael - His big break came at the end of the 1950s, when his work came to the attention of Capitol Records, who asked him to provide the arrangements for an album of mainly sacred Christmas songs by one of the label's biggest stars, Nat King Cole

 

Paul Secon - In 1950, he was a music editor for Billboard, Variety and creative songwriter having written for Nat King Cole, The Mills Brothers and many more whilst living in New York City when he heard about a business opportunity from Morris

 

Gatefold - Starting in the early 1950s, RCA used gatefold packaging for some of their deluxe 45 RPM single releases, such as Nat King Cole's 8-song "Unforgettable" EP with two 45s, released in 1952

 

Hobart Arena - The 1950s saw performances by Roy Rogers, Gene Autry, Nat King Cole, Tex Ritter, Sonja Henie, Victor Borge, Liberace, Guy Lombardo, and Patti Page


1951

John Collins (jazz guitarist) - His longest association was with Nat King Cole, 1951-1965


1954

Buddy Feyne - In 1954, Feyne collaborated with Maurice Shapiro on "Why", recorded by Nat King Cole and Karen Chandler

 

Smile (Charlie Chaplin song) - The song, originally sung by Nat King Cole, charted in 1954


1955

Jimmy Little - In 1955 Little left home to live in Sydney and pursue a career in country music, he was influenced by Nat King Cole, Johnny_Mathis and Jim Reeves


1956

Completed in 1956, it was the world's first circular office building and became known as "The House that Nat Built add something

 

In 1956, he was assaulted on stage during a concert in Birmingham, Alabama, with the Ted Heath Band , by three members of the North Alabama Citizens Council , who apparently were attempting to kidnap him add something

 

In 1956, he was contracted to perform in Cuba and wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba in Havana, but was not allowed to because it operated a color bar add something

 

While this shift to pop music led some jazz critics and fans to accuse Cole of selling out, he never totally abandoned his jazz roots; as late as 1956, for instance, he recorded an all-jazz album "After Midnight" add something

 

Cole sang at the 1956 Republican National Convention in the Cow Palace, San Francisco, California, on August 23, 1956 add something

 

On November 5, 1956, "The Nat King Cole Show" debuted on NBC add something

 

Pat Boone - A No. 1 single in 1956 by Boone was not so much a cover as a revival of a then-seven year old song "I Almost Lost My Mind", which had been covered at the time by another black star, Nat King Cole, from the original by Ivory Joe Hunter, who was to benefit from Boone's hit version not only in royalties but in status as he was back in the news

 

Lee Gordon (promoter) - Gordon bounced back with several successful tours during 1956, including visits by the Louis Armstrong All-Stars , Nat King Cole, Calypso king Harry Belafonte and the "Record Star Parade", which featured Don Cornell, Stan Freberg, Joe "Fingers" Carr, Buddy Rich and a dance duo called The Nilsson Twins

 

Asa Earl Carter - Members of Carter's new KKK group attacked singer Nat King Cole at an April 1956 Birmingham, Alabama concert

 

Ted Heath (bandleader) - Heath contracted to play a tour that included Nat King Cole, June_Christy and the Four Freshmen that consisted of 43 concerts in 30 cities in 31 days climaxing in a Carnegie Hall concert on 1 May 1956


1957

Beginning as a 15-minute pops show on Monday night, the program was expanded to a half hour in July 1957 add something

 

The last episode of "The Nat King Cole Show" aired December 17, 1957 add something


1958

In 1958, Cole went to Havana, Cuba to record "Cole Español", an album sung entirely in Spanish add something

 

"A Mis Amigos" contains the Venezuelan hit "Ansiedad," whose lyrics Cole had learned while performing in Caracas in 1958 add something

 

What'd I Say - Ray Charles was 27 years old in 1958, with ten years of experience recording primarily rhythm and blues music for the Downbeat and Swingtime record labels, in a style similar to that of Nat King Cole and Charles Brown


1959

The album was so popular in Latin America, as well as in the USA, that two others of the same variety followed: "A Mis Amigos" in 1959 and "More Cole Español" in 1962 add something


1960

In 1960, Nat's longtime collaborator Nelson Riddle left Capitol Records for Frank Sinatra's newly formed Reprise Records label add something

 

Stan Kenton - He toured with Basie and his Orchestra in Fall, 1960, and released a single with the Nat King Cole Trio in 1962 that included Orange Colored Sky


1961

Cole was among the dozens of entertainers recruited by Frank Sinatra to perform at the Kennedy Inaugural gala in 1961 add something


1964

In January 1964, Cole made one of his final television appearances on "The Jack Benny Program" add something

 

Cole's last album, "L-O-V-E", was recorded in early December 1964 just a few days before he entered the hospital for cancer treatment and was released just prior to his death add something

 

In December 1964, he was diagnosed with lung cancer add something


Nat King Cole died in 1965 add something

 

Cole was one of the first African Americans to host a television variety show, "The Nat King Cole Show", and has maintained worldwide popularity since his death from lung cancer in February 1965 add something


1966

Matt Monro - In 1966, following the death of Nat King Cole, EMI moved Monro from Parlophone to Capitol


1968

A "Best Of" album went gold in 1968 add something

 

Johnny Mathis - In a 1968 interview, Mathis cited Lena Horne, Nat King Cole, and Bing Crosby among his musical influences


1970

Marion Montgomery - She numbered amongst her admirers Nat King Cole, Frank_Sinatra and British chat show host Michael Parkinson, on whose show she became resident singer in the 1970s


1982

Joe Cabot - His original composition, "Slow Down, Sugar, Take Your Time," was praised by music critic John Wilson and likened to the stylings of the Nat Cole Trio in an Oct. 31, 1982 piece in the "New York Times" Arts and Leisure section


1983

In 1983, an archivist for EMI Electrola Records, EMI Records' subsidiary in Germany, discovered some songs Cole had recorded but that had never been released, including one in Japanese and another in Spanish add something


 

In 1990, he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement award, and in 1997 was inducted into the "Down Beat" Jazz Hall of Fame add something


1991

In 1991, Mosaic Records released "The Complete Capitol Recordings of the Nat King Cole Trio," an 18-compact-disc set consisting of 349 songs add something

 

In the summer of 1991, Natalie Cole and her father had a hit when Natalie's own newly-recorded voice track was mixed with her father's 1961 rendition of "Unforgettable" into a new duet version as part of a tribute album to her father's music add something


 

The song and album of the same name won seven Grammy awards in 1992 add something


1994

An official United States postage stamp featuring Cole's likeness was issued in 1994 add something


2000

In 2000, Cole was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the major influences on early rock and roll add something


2003

Hank Cochran - Two of his fondest memories were working with Natalie Cole on a 2003 tribute album to Patsy Cline , because of his love for her father Nat King Cole, and his collaboration with Vern Gosdin for the 1988 album "Chiseled in Stone"


2004

Tweet (singer) - In late 2004, Tweet joined Cee-Lo Green and Teedra Moses on the 2004 Seagram's Gin Live Tour in promotion of her new single, "Turn da Lights Off" The song was produced by Missy Elliott and Kwamé, featured vocals from Elliott and contained a sample of Marvin Gaye's "If This World Were Mine" and Nat King Cole's "Lost April"


2005

David Slater - In addition to his own music he performs covers of pop songs by Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Nat King Cole, Elvis_Presley, and others; releasing these in 2005 on his "Nice and Easy" album


2007

In 2007, he was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame add something


2013

In 2013, he was inducted into the Latin Songwriters Hall of Fame for his contribution to Latin music add something


2014

Johnny Mathis - On June 21, 2014 Johnny Mathis was inducted into the Great American Songbook Hall Of Fame along with Linda Ronstadt, Shirley Jones, and Nat King Cole


2017

His recording of "The Christmas Song" still receives airplay every holiday season, even hitting the Billboard Top 40 in December 2017 add something