(Geographical area)
Amir-Abbas Fakhravar
Ariel Sharon
George W. Bush

See also

Natan Sharansky

Knowledge Identifier: +Natan_Sharansky


Natan Sharansky

Prominent Israeli politician, human rights activist and author, who spent many years in a Soviet prison for allegedly spying for the Defense Intelligence Agency add

Category: Politics

Born in 1948.

Countries: Israel (48%), United States (14%), (14%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Knesset, Siberia, Likud

Linked to: Knesset, Moscow Helsinki Group, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, West Bank




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Natan Sharansky was born in 1948 add something


Avital Sharansky was born Natalya Shteiglitz/Steiglitz in 1950, in Ukraine add something


In the early 1970s, Avital's brother applied for a visa to leave for Israel, where he settled in Jerusalem, but her parents would not allow her to follow him add something


Sharansky was denied an exit visa to Israel in 1973 add something


She met Anatoly Sharansky at a demonstration near the Moscow synagogue in autumn 1973 and became active in the refusenik movement, of which Anatoly was an active member add something


In 1977 Sharansky was arrested on charges of spying for the DIA and treason and sentenced to 13 years of forced labor in Perm 35, a Siberia labor camp add something


Natan was arrested on 15 March 1977 and charged; he was convicted in 1978 on multiple crimes : From the Lefortovo Prison in Moscow, Anatoly was sentenced to hard labor and sent to a prison camp or gulag in Siberia , where for part of the time he was placed in solitary confinement; his health deteriorated, to the point of endangering his life add something


As a result of an international campaign led by his wife, Avital Sharansky Sharansky and three low-level Western spies were exchanged for Czech spies Karl Koecher and Hana Koecher held in the USA, Soviet spy Yevgeni Zemlyakov, Polish spy Marian Zacharski and East German spy Detlef Scharfenorth in 1986 on Glienicke Bridge add something


In 1986, Congress granted him the Congressional Gold Medal add something


Sharansky was released in February 1986 add something


Anatoly was finally released in exchange for a Soviet spy on 11 February 1986, being transported the following day to what was East Germany , where Avital met him as he came across the bridge into West Berlin; they both flew home to Israel and thousands of waiting welcomers add something


Amir-Abbas Fakhravar - This meeting was a reminder of another similar event when Richard Perle met the ex-Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky in 1986


In 1988, he wrote "Fear No Evil", his memoirs of his time as a prisoner, and founded the Zionist Forum, an organization of Soviet emigrant Jewish activists dedicated to helping new Israelis and educating the public about absorption issues add something


The article featured a photo of Sharansky and his wife Avital in their home in Israel viewing photos of the same Gulag where Sharansky had been imprisoned, but as it appeared in 1990 add something


Sharansky appeared in a March 1990 edition of "National Geographic" magazine add something


In 1995 Sharansky and Yoel Edelstein founded the Yisrael BaAliyah party, promoting the absorption of the Soviet Jews into Israeli society add something


Sharansky beat the world chess champion Garry Kasparov in a simultaneous exhibition in Israel in 1996 add something


The party won seven Knesset seats in 1996 add something


Vesti (newspaper) - It supported Natan Sharansky in Israel's 1996 elections


Avigdor Lieberman - In 1997, Lieberman resigned from Likud after Prime Minister Netanyahu granted concessions to the Palestinians in the Wye River Memorandum, and expressed disappointment when Yisrael BaAliyah, a new immigrant's party headed by Natan Sharansky that had right-center leanings, did not quit the coalition government in protest


It won 6 seats in the Israeli legislative election, 1999, gaining two ministerial posts, but left the government on 11 July 2000 in response to suggestions that Prime Minister Ehud Barak's negotiations with the Palestinians would result in a division of Jerusalem add something


Yisrael HaMithadeshet - The party was formed on 23 February 1999 during the 14th Knesset when MKs Michael Nudelman and Yuri Stern, both immigrants from Russia, broke away from Natan Sharansky's Yisrael BaAliyah


Joel C. Rosenberg - Rosenberg opened a political consultancy business, which he ran until 2000, advising former Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Natan Sharansky and then-former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu where he garnered much of his information on the Middle East that he would later use in his books


After Ariel Sharon won a special election for Prime Minister in 2001, the party joined his new government, and was again given two ministerial posts add something


In the January 2003 elections the party was reduced to just two seats add something


He was number eleven on the list of "TIME" magazine's 100 most influential people of 2005 in the "Scientists and thinkers" category add something


In 2005, Sharansky participated in "They Chose Freedom", a four-part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement, and in 2008 he was featured in the Laura Bialis documentary Refusenik add something


He resigned from the cabinet in April 2005 to protest plans to withdraw Israeli settlements from the Gaza Strip and northern West Bank add something


In 2006 US President George W. Bush awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, add something


He was re-elected to the Knesset in March 2006 as a member of the Likud Party add something


On 20 November 2006, he resigned from the Knesset to form the Adelson Institute for Strategic Studies add something


Amir-Abbas Fakhravar - Fakhravar spoke at a panel with Vaclav Havel, Natan Sharansky and Jose Maria Aznar at the Interantional Democracy and Security Conference in Prague in June 2007


Scooter Libby - On June 5, 2007, after Judge Reggie Walton sentenced Libby, Jewish Telegraphic Agency Washington, D.C. bureau chief Ron Kampeas observed that former Soviet dissident and Israeli politician and writer Natan Sharansky was one of many "Jews pleading leniency for Libby - without success", and that Arye Genger, who served as a liaison between Sharon and the Bush administration, credited Libby with trying to reduce civilian casualties among Israelis and Palestinians during the second intifada


On 17 September 2008, the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation awarded Sharansky its 2008 Ronald Reagan Freedom award add something


In June 2009 Sharansky was elected to the Chair of the Executive of the Jewish Agency for Israel by the Jewish Agency Board of Governors add something


Natan Sharansky has served as Chairman of the Executive of the Jewish Agency since June 2009 add something


On 28 May 2013, Avital was awarded the prestigious Emma Lazarus award by the American Jewish Historical Society in recognition of her heroic efforts on behalf of Natan and the millions of Soviet Jews seeking freedom add something


In 2014 he took part in Natella Boltyanskaya's documentary "Parallels, Events, People" add something


Mikhail Fridman - In January 2018 he spoke alongside Natan Sharansky at the JW3 centre in London, in an outreach focused on Russian-speaking Jews