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Knesset
(Politics)
Siberia
(Geographical area)
Likud
(Politics)
Amir-Abbas Fakhravar
(Literature)
Ariel Sharon
(Politics)
George W. Bush
(Politics)
 

See also

Natan Sharansky

Knowledge Identifier: +Natan_Sharansky

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Natan Sharansky

Prominent Israeli politician, human rights activist and author, who spent many years in a Soviet prison for allegedly spying for the Defense Intelligence Agency add

Category: Politics

Born in 1948.

Countries: Israel (48%), United States (14%), (14%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Knesset, Siberia, Likud

Linked to: Knesset, Moscow Helsinki Group, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, West Bank

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Natan Sharansky.


Natan Sharansky was born in 1948 add something


1950

Avital Sharansky was born Natalya Shteiglitz/Steiglitz in 1950, in Ukraine add something


1970

In the early 1970s, Avital's brother applied for a visa to leave for Israel, where he settled in Jerusalem, but her parents would not allow her to follow him add something


1973

Sharansky was denied an exit visa to Israel in 1973 add something

 

She met Anatoly Sharansky at a demonstration near the Moscow synagogue in autumn 1973 and became active in the refusenik movement, of which Anatoly was an active member add something


1977

In 1977 Sharansky was arrested on charges of spying for the DIA and treason and sentenced to 13 years of forced labor in Perm 35, a Siberia labor camp add something

 

Natan was arrested on 15 March 1977 and charged; he was convicted in 1978 on multiple crimes : From the Lefortovo Prison in Moscow, Anatoly was sentenced to hard labor and sent to a prison camp or gulag in Siberia , where for part of the time he was placed in solitary confinement; his health deteriorated, to the point of endangering his life add something


1986

As a result of an international campaign led by his wife, Avital Sharansky Sharansky and three low-level Western spies were exchanged for Czech spies Karl Koecher and Hana Koecher held in the USA, Soviet spy Yevgeni Zemlyakov, Polish spy Marian Zacharski and East German spy Detlef Scharfenorth in 1986 on Glienicke Bridge add something

 

In 1986, Congress granted him the Congressional Gold Medal add something

 

Sharansky was released in February 1986 add something

 

Anatoly was finally released in exchange for a Soviet spy on 11 February 1986, being transported the following day to what was East Germany , where Avital met him as he came across the bridge into West Berlin; they both flew home to Israel and thousands of waiting welcomers add something

 

Amir-Abbas Fakhravar - This meeting was a reminder of another similar event when Richard Perle met the ex-Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky in 1986


1988

In 1988, he wrote "Fear No Evil", his memoirs of his time as a prisoner, and founded the Zionist Forum, an organization of Soviet emigrant Jewish activists dedicated to helping new Israelis and educating the public about absorption issues add something


1990

The article featured a photo of Sharansky and his wife Avital in their home in Israel viewing photos of the same Gulag where Sharansky had been imprisoned, but as it appeared in 1990 add something

 

Sharansky appeared in a March 1990 edition of "National Geographic" magazine add something


1995

In 1995 Sharansky and Yoel Edelstein founded the Yisrael BaAliyah party, promoting the absorption of the Soviet Jews into Israeli society add something


1996

Sharansky beat the world chess champion Garry Kasparov in a simultaneous exhibition in Israel in 1996 add something

 

The party won seven Knesset seats in 1996 add something

 

Vesti (newspaper) - It supported Natan Sharansky in Israel's 1996 elections


1997

Avigdor Lieberman - In 1997, Lieberman resigned from Likud after Prime Minister Netanyahu granted concessions to the Palestinians in the Wye River Memorandum, and expressed disappointment when Yisrael BaAliyah, a new immigrant's party headed by Natan Sharansky that had right-center leanings, did not quit the coalition government in protest


1999

It won 6 seats in the Israeli legislative election, 1999, gaining two ministerial posts, but left the government on 11 July 2000 in response to suggestions that Prime Minister Ehud Barak's negotiations with the Palestinians would result in a division of Jerusalem add something

 

Yisrael HaMithadeshet - The party was formed on 23 February 1999 during the 14th Knesset when MKs Michael Nudelman and Yuri Stern, both immigrants from Russia, broke away from Natan Sharansky's Yisrael BaAliyah


2000

Joel C. Rosenberg - Rosenberg opened a political consultancy business, which he ran until 2000, advising former Israeli Deputy Prime Minister Natan Sharansky and then-former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu where he garnered much of his information on the Middle East that he would later use in his books


2001

After Ariel Sharon won a special election for Prime Minister in 2001, the party joined his new government, and was again given two ministerial posts add something


2003

In the January 2003 elections the party was reduced to just two seats add something


2005

He was number eleven on the list of "TIME" magazine's 100 most influential people of 2005 in the "Scientists and thinkers" category add something

 

In 2005, Sharansky participated in "They Chose Freedom", a four-part television documentary on the history of the Soviet dissident movement, and in 2008 he was featured in the Laura Bialis documentary Refusenik add something

 

He resigned from the cabinet in April 2005 to protest plans to withdraw Israeli settlements from the Gaza Strip and northern West Bank add something


 

In 2006 US President George W. Bush awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom, add something

 

He was re-elected to the Knesset in March 2006 as a member of the Likud Party add something

 

On 20 November 2006, he resigned from the Knesset to form the Adelson Institute for Strategic Studies add something


2007

Amir-Abbas Fakhravar - Fakhravar spoke at a panel with Vaclav Havel, Natan Sharansky and Jose Maria Aznar at the Interantional Democracy and Security Conference in Prague in June 2007

 

Scooter Libby - On June 5, 2007, after Judge Reggie Walton sentenced Libby, Jewish Telegraphic Agency Washington, D.C. bureau chief Ron Kampeas observed that former Soviet dissident and Israeli politician and writer Natan Sharansky was one of many "Jews pleading leniency for Libby - without success", and that Arye Genger, who served as a liaison between Sharon and the Bush administration, credited Libby with trying to reduce civilian casualties among Israelis and Palestinians during the second intifada


 

On 17 September 2008, the Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation awarded Sharansky its 2008 Ronald Reagan Freedom award add something


2009

In June 2009 Sharansky was elected to the Chair of the Executive of the Jewish Agency for Israel by the Jewish Agency Board of Governors add something

 

Natan Sharansky has served as Chairman of the Executive of the Jewish Agency since June 2009 add something


 

On 28 May 2013, Avital was awarded the prestigious Emma Lazarus award by the American Jewish Historical Society in recognition of her heroic efforts on behalf of Natan and the millions of Soviet Jews seeking freedom add something


2014

In 2014 he took part in Natella Boltyanskaya's documentary "Parallels, Events, People" add something


2018

Mikhail Fridman - In January 2018 he spoke alongside Natan Sharansky at the JW3 centre in London, in an outreach focused on Russian-speaking Jews