National Health Service

Knowledge Identifier: &National_Health_Service

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National Health Service

Shared name of three of the four publicly funded healthcare systems in the United Kingdom add

Category: Politics

Founded in 1948.

Countries: United Kingdom (55%), (26%), England (7%)

Main connections: Weekend effect, Aneurin Bevan, Jeremy Hunt (politician)

Linked to: European Economic Area, Northern Ireland Executive, Scottish Government, Department of Health

 

Timeline


 

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1948

The systems are primarily funded through general taxation rather than requiring insurance payments, and were founded in 1948 add something

 

Aneurin Bevan - On the "appointed day", 5 July 1948, having overcome political opposition from both the Conservative Party and from within his own party, and after a dramatic showdown with the British Medical Association, which had threatened to derail the National Health Service scheme before it had even begun, as medical practitioners continued to withhold their support just months before the launch of the service, Bevan's "National Health Service Act" of 1946 came into force


1951

John Freeman (British politician) - He rose quickly through the ministerial ranks, but resigned along with Aneurin Bevan and Harold Wilson in 1951 over National Health Service charges

 

Harold Wilson - Korean War - Wilson was becoming known as a left-winger and joined Aneurin Bevan and John Freeman in resigning from the government in April 1951 in protest at the introduction of National Health Service medical charges to meet the financial demands imposed by the Korean War


1964

Hannah Billig - Billig returned to Cable Street and worked within the new National Health Service until her retirement in 1964


1969

From 1969 the National Health Service in Wales became a separate entity under the Secretary of State for Wales add something

 

NHS Wales was part of the same structure as England until it became independent in 1969 add something

 

Glenis Willmott - She worked as a medical scientist for the National Health Service at King's Mill and Mansfield Hospitals from 1969 to 1990


1973

Alan Marre - Marre was appointed as the first Health Service Commissioner for England, Scotland and Wales when the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 came into force


1980

Audrey Emerton, Baroness Emerton - She worked in the National Health Service as Chief Nursing Officer of South East Thames Regional Health Authority throughout the 1980s, and is chiefly remembered and honoured for leading the programme that replaced Darenth Park Hospital, a huge asylum for people with learning disabilities, which closed in August 1988


1985

Roy Griffiths - In 1985, he knighted was for "services to the National Health Service"


1988

Sheila Noakes, Baroness Noakes - For three years from 1988, she was seconded to the National Health Service where she modernised its financial management


1990

MMR vaccine - The UK National Health Service stopped using the Urabe mumps strain in the early 1990s due to cases of transient mild viral meningitis, and switched to a form using the Jeryl Lynn mumps strain instead

 

British Medical Association - The government's legislation creating the internal market was implemented through the 1990 National Health Service and Community Care Act.


1991

Bio Products Laboratory - In 1991 it was renamed the Bio Products Laboratory to reflect the internal market in the National Health Service and in 1993 it became part of the National Blood Authority


1993

Christopher Bland - He was knighted for his work in the National Health Service in 1993


1997

Alice Roberts - After graduating in 1997, Roberts worked in clinical medicine as a junior doctor with the National Health Service in South Wales for 18 months

 

Rauceby Hospital - The South Lincolnshire Community & Mental Health Services NHS Trust closed the main hospital building in 1997, whilst retaining Orchard House as the Trust's headquarters and Ash Villa on Willoughby Road as a Special School


1998

Following devolution in the United Kingdom from 1998, control over the non-English services passed to the devolved national governments, with the UK Government retaining control over the NHS in England add something


2000

University of Exeter - The Peninsula Medical School was established in 2000 in conjunction with the University of Plymouth and the National Health Service, based at St Luke's and the Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital


2001

David Harley - In 2001 he joined the National Health Service where he ran the Threat Assessment Centre


2002

Kaiser Permanente - In 2002 a controversial study by California-based academics published in the British Medical Journal compared Kaiser to the British National Health Service, finding Kaiser to be superior in several respects

 

Nutritionist - Since 2002, the number of jobs for nutritionists has reportedly grown faster in the National Health Service than in any other sector


2003

Adherence (medicine) - The term concordance has been used in the United Kingdom to involve a patient in the treatment process to improve compliance, and refers to a 2003 NHS initiative

 

Adherence (medicine) - The term concordance has been used in the United Kingdom to involve a patient in the treatment process to improve compliance, and refers to a 2003 NHS initiative


2004

Pay for performance (healthcare) - In the United Kingdom, the National Health Service began a major pay for performance initiative in 2004, known as the Quality and Outcomes Framework

 

Jane Symons - Symons edited the health pages of "The Sun" from 2004 to 2009, during which time she led a successful campaign for the breast cancer drug trastuzumab to be made available on Britain's National Health Service for women in early stages of the HER2 form of the disease

 

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus - In September 2004, after a successful pilot scheme to tackle MRSA, the UK National Health Service announced its "Clean Your Hands" campaign


2005

Reading, Berkshire - A second major NHS general hospital, the Battle Hospital, closed in 2005

 

George Best - He died in 2005, age 59, due to complications from the immunosuppressive drugs he needed to take after being controversially granted an NHS liver transplant in 2002

 

Electronic health record - In 2005 the National Health Service in the United Kingdom began deployment of EHR systems in NHS Trusts

 

Renal Association - In 2005 the association published, together with the RCP of London, national guidelines on the diagnosis and management of chronic kidney disease , which led to the routine reporting of the estimated glomerular filtration rate by most National Health Service laboratories

 

Varicella vaccine - In the UK, varicella antibodies are measured as part of the routine of prenatal care, and by 2005 all National Health Service personnel had determined their immunity and been immunized if they were non-immune and have direct patient contact

 

Dental Professionals Association - Letter Brian Lux 28th April 2005 - on file In 1954 they formed the General Dental Practitioners Association in response to a perceived failure of the British Dental Association to lobby aggressively on behalf of general dental practitioners who had joined the National Health Service at its inception in 1948 only to see the first NHS patient charges imposed on dentures and successive cuts in dental fees

 

Lisa Coleman (actress) - She attended her graduation ceremony in June 2005, and in a subsequent interview for the Open University's alumni magazine "SESAME" expressed her desire to continue working with the National Health Service and long-term aim to earn a Master of Arts degree


2006

Netcare - It is the largest provider of private healthcare in both South Africa and the UK. It acquired a controlling stake in the UK's General Healthcare Group in 2006, and provides services to the National Health Service via its subsidiary Netcare UK.

 

Charles, Prince of Wales - The Prince's Foundation for Integrated Health attracted opposition from the scientific and medical community over its campaign encouraging general practitioners to offer herbal and other alternative treatments to National Health Service patients, and in May 2006, Charles made a speech at the World Health Assembly in Geneva, urging the integration of conventional and alternative medicine and arguing for homoeopathy

 

Face transplant - In October 2006, surgeon Peter Butler at London's Royal Free Hospital in the UK was given permission by the NHS ethics board to carry out face transplants


2007

Obesity - A 2007 report produced by Sir Derek Wanless for the King's Fund warned that unless further action was taken, obesity had the capacity to cripple the National Health Service financially

 

Chronic fatigue syndrome - An example is the CFS/ME guideline for the National Health Service in England and Wales, produced in 2007 by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

 

Prosthesis - Raymond Edwards, Limbless Association Acting CEO, was the first amputee to be fitted with the i-LIMB by the National Health Service in the UK. The hand, manufactured by "Touch Bionics" of Scotland , went on sale on 18 July 2007 in Britain


2009

Nicotine replacement therapy - Bauld, Bell, McCullough, Richardson and Greaves reviewed 20 studies on the effectiveness of intensive NHS treatments for smoking cessation published between 1990 and 2007

 

Event Marketing Solutions - In 2009 the business extended their service into the healthcare sector having invested in a fleet of mobile medical units, they have provided mobile medical facilities for various National Health Service trusts including NHS City & Hackney, NHS South West Essex, NHS Wigan, NHS Oxfordshire

 

Electronic health record - The National Health Service in the UK reports specific examples of potential and actual EHR-caused unintended consequences in their 2009 document on the management of clinical risk relating to the deployment and use of health software

 

UNISON - In April 2009 a UNISON conference voted unanimously to request that the British Department of Health ban members of the British National Party from working as nurses in the National Health Service, describing the party as racist


2010

Lifeblood, the Thrombosis Charity - In 2010, on behalf of Lifeblood, Professor Hunt was included as a member of the guideline development group for the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines in which mandatory thrombosis risk assessment of all patients on admission was set as a must for all National Health Service hospitals

 

Conservative Party (UK) - Policies introduced in 2010 include those to double the operational bonus for troops serving in Afghanistan; to fund higher education for children of those service personnel killed in action; and to properly resource and staff the NHS to deal optimally with the particular needs of the Armed Forces

 

Conservative Party (UK) - Since entering office in 2010, they have introduced the Health and Social Care Act, constituting the biggest reformation that the NHS has ever undertaken


2011

Sandoz - In 2011, four trusts of the National Health Service in the UK issued policies approving use and payment for administering Avastin for macular degeneration, in order to save money, even though Avastin had not been approved for that indication

 

Hexal Australia - In 2011, four trusts of the National Health Service in the UK issued policies approving use and payment for administering Avastin for macular degeneration, in order to save money, even though Avastin had not been approved for that indication

 

Circle (healthcare partnership) - In November 2011, it was awarded a contract to run the first National Health Service hospital franchised to an independent provider, and began the contract in February 2012


2012

Each National Health Service is mainly funded from general taxation with expenditure for 2012/13 planned to be; add something

 

Christine Beasley - Since 2012 Beasley has been a Non-Executive director at the NHS Trust Development Authority

 

Electronic health record - The NHS in Scotland widely used GPASS until 2012

 

Poly Implant Prothese - On 6 January 2012, NHS officials began to offer examinations and possible removal - in instances where a doctor ruled that necessary

 

Poly Implant ProthA®se - On 6 January 2012, NHS officials began to offer examinations and possible removal - in instances where a doctor ruled that necessary

 

CareFusion - On July 7, 2012, CareFusion acquired U.K. Medical Limited, a distributor of medical products to the National Health Service and private health care sector in the United Kingdom

 

Tubular Bells - On 27 July 2012 at the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony Mike Oldfield performed during a segment about the NHS

 

Jimmy Savile - By late October 2012, the scandal had resulted in inquiries or reviews at the BBC, within the National Health Service, the Crown Prosecution Service, and the Department of Health


2013

In 2013, NHS England only spent £1980,97 per age-adjusted person add something

 

Shingles - From 2013 the UK National Health Service started offering shingles vaccination, with Zostavax, to elderly people

 

Weekend effect - In 2013, the NHS England Medical Director Prof Sir Bruce Keogh wrote that there is a clinical and compassionate argument for patient convenience

 

Weekend effect - In 2013, the NHS England Medical Director Prof Sir Bruce Keogh wrote that there is a clinical and compassionate argument for patient convenience


2014

Jimmy Savile - On 26 June 2014, UK Secretary of State for Health Jeremy Hunt delivered a public apology in the House of Commons to the patients of the National Health Service abused by Savile

 

Nabiximols - Many MS patients cannot receive nabiximols due to local National Health Service resistance to its funding; but, in August 2014, the NHS in Wales agreed to fund Sativex for people with multiple sclerosis


2015

Taken together, the four National Health Services in 2015-16 employed around 1,6 million people with a combined budget of £136,7 billion add something

 

Patrick Carter, Baron Carter of Coles - He was reckoned by the Health Service Journal to be the ninth most influential person in the English NHS in 2015

 

Weekend effect - In 2015, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt quoted that the 'weekend effect' in the NHS equated to 11,000 excess deaths a year

 

Weekend effect - In 2015, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt quoted that the 'weekend effect' in the NHS equated to 11,000 excess deaths a year

 

Spire Healthcare - Its NHS business grew from £262 million in 2015 to £293 million in 2016


2016

In July 2016 the time patients spent in hospital waiting for care in the community reached 61,000 days which was up from 33,000 days In July 2014 add something

 

Lucy Alexander - In July 2016, Alexander presented the first episode of the 5-part BBC documentary series "Matron, Medicine and Me: 70 Years of the NHS" in which she explored the current and historical medical treatment of patients with disabilities in the UK and described her own family's experience of the National Health Service after her daughter was diagnosed with transverse myelitis

 

Jeremy Hunt (politician) - In October 2016 Hunt was pressed on the issue of NHS funding by the Health Select Committee


2017

One in seven district nursing posts was lost during the two years up to 2017, the number of district nurses and resources do not match demand for services add something

 

Weekend effect - Research published in 2017 analysing outcomes in 79 NHS Trusts in England which had instituted 7-day changes based on the "NHS Services, Seven Days a Week" policy, showed that these changes did not result in improvements in mortality rates, admission rates, length of hospital stay nor A&E four-hour breaches overall

 

Weekend effect - Research published in 2017 analysing outcomes in 79 NHS Trusts in England which had instituted 7-day changes based on the "NHS Services, Seven Days a Week" policy, showed that these changes did not result in improvements in mortality rates, admission rates, length of hospital stay nor A&E four-hour breaches overall

 

Jeremy Hunt (politician) - In January 2017, the British Red Cross described a 'humanitarian crisis' in Winter Care, which was linked to the ongoing claims of 'systematic underfunding of the NHS.' During the fallout, Hunt was again accused of 'hiding', with opposition parties 'rounding on him for keeping a low profile

 

NHS computer systems have been subject to cyber attacks of which one in May 2017 was notable add something

 

On 12 May 2017, a major cyber-attack occurred within a large number of NHS computer systems causing disruption among NHS institutions across England and Scotland add something

 

Homeopathy - In July 2017, as part of a plan to save £200m a year by preventing the "misuse of scarce" funding, the NHS announced that it would no longer provide homeopathic medicines


2018

In January 2018 doctors in England and Wales sent the Prime Minister a letter stating among other matters, that trolley waits of up to 12 hours are becoming routine and patients stay a long time in the backs of ambulances before A&E staff have time for them add something

 

Jeremy Hunt (politician) - In February 2018, Hunt attracted attention after defending the NHS' universal coverage against US President Donald Trump

 

Jeremy Hunt (politician) - In March 2018 Hunt informed NHS trusts that they would not be required to meet waiting time targets for A&E patients in the following year

 

HPV vaccine - Men who have sex with men up to and including the age of 45 became eligible for free HPV vaccination on the NHS in April 2018

 

Martin Freeman - In June 2018 Freeman was part of "To Provide All People", a BBC Wales drama celebrating 70 years of the National Health Service

 

The figures were given on the 21st of December 2018 after Rushanara Ali asked a parliamentary question add something


2019

Many minor procedures may no longer be available from 2019 and the real reason may be to cut costs add something

 

On 7 January 2019 the NHS England published the NHS Long Term Plan add something