Neil Armstrong

Knowledge Identifier: +Neil_Armstrong

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Neil Armstrong

American astronaut and the first person to walk on the Moon add

Category: Politics

Born in 1930.

Countries: United States (32%), Ohio (15%), (11%)

Main connections: Moon, Ohio, Buzz Aldrin

Linked to: University of Southern California, Blume High School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Purdue University College of Engineering

 

Timeline


 

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Neil Armstrong was born in 1930 add something


1936

When he was five, he experienced his first airplane flight in Warren, Ohio on July 20, 1936 when he and his father took a ride in a Ford Trimotor, known as the "Tin Goose" add something


1944

His father's last move was in 1944, back to Neil's birthplace, Wapakoneta, Ohio, in Auglaize County add something


1947

In 1947, at age 17, Armstrong began studying aeronautical engineering at Purdue University add something


1949

Armstrong's call-up from the Navy arrived on January 26, 1949, requiring him to report to Naval Air Station Pensacola for flight training at age 18 add something


1950

On August 16, 1950, two weeks after his 20th birthday, Armstrong was informed by letter that he was a fully qualified Naval Aviator add something


1951

Two months later he was assigned to Fighter Squadron 51 , an all-jet squadron, and made his first flight in a jet, an F9F-2B Panther, on January 5, 1951 add something

 

Korean War - Armstrong first saw action in the Korean War on August 29, 1951, as an escort for a photo reconnaissance plane over Songjin add something


1952

Armstrong flew 78 missions over Korea for a total of 121 hours in the air, most of which were in January 1952 add something

 

Armstrong left the Navy at age 22 on August 23, 1952, and became a Lieutenant, Junior Grade, in the U.S. Naval Reserve add something


1955

Armstrong graduated in 1955 with a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering add something

 

He was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering in 1955, and a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Southern California in 1970 add something

 

He applied at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics High-Speed Flight Station at Edwards Air Force Base; although they had no open positions, they did forward his application to the Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in Cleveland, where Armstrong began working at Lewis Field in March 1955 add something

 

Armstrong's stint at Cleveland lasted a couple of months, and by July 1955, he returned to Edwards AFB for his new job add something


1956

Armstrong married his first wife Janet Shearon on January 28, 1956 add something

 

They were married on January 28, 1956, at the Congregational Church in Wilmette, Illinois add something


1957

Their son Eric was born in 1957, followed by daughter, Karen, in 1959 add something

 

Armstrong's first flight in a rocket plane was on August 15, 1957, in the Bell X-1B, to an altitude of add something


1958

In 1958, he was selected for the U.S. Air Force's Man In Space Soonest program add something


1960

He remained in the reserve for eight years, resigned his commission on October 21, 1960 add something

 

Armstrong made seven flights in the X-15 from November 1960 to July 1962 add something

 

In November 1960, Armstrong was chosen as part of the pilot consultant group for the X-20 Dyna-Soar, a military space plane under development by Boeing for the U.S. Air Force, and on March 15, 1962, he was selected by the U.S. Air Force as one of seven pilot-engineers who would fly the space plane when it got off the design board add something


1961

In June 1961, daughter Karen was diagnosed with a malignant tumor of the middle part of her brain stem; X-ray treatment slowed its growth, but her health deteriorated to the point where she could no longer walk or talk add something


1962

A participant in the U.S. Air Force's Man in Space Soonest and X-20 Dyna-Soar human spaceflight programs, Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in 1962 add something

 

Karen died of complications related to an inoperable brain tumor in January 1962 add something

 

Two-year-old Karen died of pneumonia, related to her weakened health, on January 28, 1962 add something

 

The first occurred during his sixth X-15 flight on April 20, 1962, while Armstrong tested a self-adjusting control system add something

 

A few weeks later on May 21, 1962, Armstrong was involved in what Edwards' folklore called the "Nellis Affair add something

 

Armstrong's astronaut application arrived about a week past the June 1, 1962, deadline add something

 

Deke Slayton called Armstrong on September 13, 1962, and asked whether he would be interested in joining the NASA Astronaut Corps as part of what the press dubbed "the New Nine"; without hesitation, Armstrong said yes add something


1963

A textile worker and amateur parachutist, she was aboard Vostok 6 when it launched on June 16, 1963 add something


1965

The crew assignments for "Gemini 8" were announced on September 20, 1965, with Armstrong as Command Pilot and David Scott as Pilot add something


1966

He made his first space flight, as command pilot of Gemini 8, in 1966, becoming NASA's first civilian astronaut to fly in space add something

 

See was scheduled to command "Gemini 9", but died in a T-38 crash in 1966 that took the life of crewmate Charles Bassett add something

 

The mission launched on March 16, 1966; it was to be the most complex yet, with a rendezvous and docking with the unmanned Agena target vehicle, the second American extra-vehicular activity by Scott add something

 

The launch was on September 12, 1966, with Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon on board, who successfully completed the mission objectives, while Armstrong served as CAPCOM add something


1967

Outer Space Treaty - On January 27, 1967, the date of the "Apollo 1" fire, Armstrong was in Washington, D.C., with Gordon Cooper, Dick Gordon, Jim Lovell and Scott Carpenter for the signing of the United Nations Outer Space Treaty add something

 

On April 5, 1967, the same day the "Apollo 1" investigation released its report on the fire, Armstrong assembled with 17 other astronauts for a meeting with Deke Slayton add something


1968

On May 6, 1968, about 100 feet above the ground, Armstrong's controls started to degrade and the LLTV began banking add something

 

After Armstrong served as backup commander for "Apollo 8", Slayton offered him the post of commander of "Apollo 11" on December 23, 1968, as "Apollo 8" orbited the Moon add something


1969

Armstrong took part in Bob Hope's 1969 USO show, primarily to Vietnam add something

 

In 1969, folk songwriter and singer John Stewart recorded "Armstrong", a tribute to Armstrong and his first steps on the moon add something

 

A March 1969 meeting between Slayton, George Low, Bob Gilruth, and Chris Kraft determined that Armstrong would be the first person on the Moon, in some part because NASA management saw Armstrong as a person who did not have a large ego add something

 

A press conference held on April 14, 1969 gave the design of the LM cabin as the reason for Armstrong's being first; the hatch opened inwards and to the right, making it difficult for the lunar module pilot, on the right-hand side, to egress first add something

 

Armstrong's second and last spaceflight was as mission commander of the "Apollo 11" moon landing, in July 1969 add something

 

On July 16, 1969, Armstrong received a crescent moon carved out of Styrofoam from the pad leader, Guenter Wendt, who described it as a key to the Moon add something

 

Harrison Schmitt - Schmitt is the only geologist as well as the only person to have walked on the Moon who was never a member of the United States Armed Forces, although he is not the first civilian, since Neil Armstrong left military service prior to his landing in 1969

 

Heroux-Devtek - The greatest achievement of this undertaking was the landing gear of the Apollo Lunar Module that put Neil Armstrong on the moon as part of the mission Apollo 11 in 1969

 

Michael Collins (astronaut) - Together with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, he received the Collier Trophy in 1969 and the Hubbard Medal of the National Geographic Society in 1970

 

Rick Evans - It was number one on July 20, 1969, in the United States, the date of the first manned moon landing, by astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin

 

Gaylord Perry - There are other variants on the story, but either way, on July 20, 1969, just an hour after the Apollo 11 spacecraft carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon, Perry hit the first home run of his career

 

Buzz Aldrin - On July 21, 1969, he set foot on the Moon, following mission commander Neil Armstrong


1970

The first was in 1970, after "Apollo 13", where as part of Edgar Cortwright's panel, he produced a detailed chronology of the flight add something

 

In May 1970, Armstrong traveled to the Soviet Union to present a talk at the 13th annual conference of the International Committee on Space Research; after arriving in Leningrad from Poland, he traveled to Moscow where he met Premier Alexei Kosygin add something


1971

After Armstrong retired from NASA in 1971, he acted as a spokesman for several businesses add something

 

He was appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for aeronautics for the Office of Advanced Research and Technology, Advanced Research Projects Agency , but served in this position for only a year, and resigned from it and NASA as a whole in 1971 add something

 

In 1971, Armstrong was awarded the Sylvanus Thayer award by the United States Military Academy at West Point for his service to the country add something


1972

In 1972, Armstrong was welcomed into the town of Langholm, Scotland, the traditional seat of Clan Armstrong; he was made the first freeman of the burgh, and happily declared the town his home add something


1974

Westclox Scotland - In October 1974 the factory hosted a Space Seminar for the astronaut Neil Armstrong and British astronomer Sir Patrick Moore


 

Along with Collins and Aldrin, Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard_Nixon; in 1978, President Jimmy Carter presented Armstrong the Congressional Space Medal of Honor in 1978; he and his former crewmates received the Congressional Gold Medal in 2009 add something


1979

After teaching for eight years, he resigned in 1979 without explaining his reason for leaving add something

 

In the fall of 1979, Armstrong was working at his farm near Lebanon, Ohio add something

 

The first company to successfully approach him was Chrysler, for whom he appeared in advertising starting in January 1979 add something


1980

Since the early 1980s, Armstrong has been the subject of a hoax saying that he converted to Islam after hearing the "adhan", the Muslim call to prayer, while walking on the moon add something


1981

MTV wanted to use his quote for its now-famous identity depicting the "Apollo 11" landing when it launched in 1981, but he declined add something


1983

The Indonesian singer Suhaemi wrote a song called "Gema Suara Adzan di Bulan" which described Armstrong's conversion; the song was discussed widely in various Jakarta news outlets in 1983 add something

 

In March 1983, the U.S. State Department responded by issuing a global message to Muslims saying that Armstrong "has not converted to Islam" add something


1986

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan appointed him to the Rogers Commission which investigated the Space-shuttle "Challenger" disaster of that year add something


1991

In February 1991, a year after his father had died, and nine months after the death of his mother, he suffered a mild heart attack while skiing with friends at Aspen, Colorado add something


1994

Armstrong sued Hallmark Cards in 1994 after they used his name and a recording of "one small step" quote in a Christmas ornament without permission add something

 

Armstrong's first wife, Janet, divorced him in 1994, after 38 years of marriage add something

 

They were married on June 12, 1994, in Ohio, and had a second ceremony, at San Ysidro Ranch, in California add something


1997

Sheila Jackson Lee - The Hill reported in 1997 that Jackson Lee had asked NASA officials whether the Mars Pathfinder photographed the U.S. flag that Neil Armstrong had planted on Mars.


1999

Armstrong and his Apollo 11 crewmates were the 1999 recipients of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution add something

 

Casa Sanchez Foods - During 1999, the company launched a unique food give-away promotion involving a Neil Armstrong type event which inspired its corporate logo


2001

The first knowledge of the meeting outside the small group came when Kraft wrote his 2001 autobiography add something


2002

He retired as chairman of the board of EDO Corporation in 2002 add something


2005

In a meeting that was not made public until the publication of Armstrong's biography in 2005, Slayton told him that although the planned crew was Armstrong as commander, lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin and command module pilot Michael Collins, he was offering the chance to replace Aldrin with Jim Lovell add something

 

In May 2005, Armstrong became involved in an unusual legal battle with his barber of 20 years, Marx Sizemore add something


2006

Will Ferrell - Ferrell sang a song at the ESPY *awards in 2006 about Lance Armstrong and Neil Armstrong


2009

Daniel Lapaine - In 2009, he portrayed Neil Armstrong in the television film "Moon Shot"


2010

In 2010, he made a rare public criticism of the decision to cancel the "Ares 1" launch vehicle and the Constellation moon landing program add something

 

On November 18, 2010, at age eighty, Armstrong said in a speech during the "Science & Technology Summit" in The Hague, Netherlands, that he would offer his services as commander on a mission to Mars if he were asked add something

 

Eugene Cernan - On May 13, 2010, Cernan and Neil Armstrong testified before Congress in opposition to President Barack Obama's cancellation of the Constellation program, initiated during the Bush administration as part of the Vision for Space Exploration to return humans to the Moon and later to Mars, but later deemed underfunded and unsustainable by the Augustine Commission in 2009


Neil Armstrong died in 2012 add something

 

Armstrong underwent bypass surgery on August 7, 2012, to relieve blocked coronary arteries add something

 

Armstrong died in Cincinnati, Ohio, on August 25, 2012, at the age of 82, after complications from coronary artery bypass surgery add something

 

In September 2012, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced that the first will be named RV "Neil Armstrong" add something

 

Fly Me to the Moon - She sang a slow and solemn version in 2012 at the national memorial service for Apollo 11 mission commander Neil Armstrong

 

Rob Portman - Portman delivered the eulogy at the August 2012 funeral of Neil Armstrong

 

Neil Young - On August 25, 2012, Young was mistakenly reported dead by NBCNews.com, the day when astronaut Neil Armstrong died

 

Diana Krall - On September 13, 2012, Krall performed "Fly Me to the Moon" at astronaut Neil Armstrong's memorial service in Washington, D.C.


 

The Space Foundation named Neil Armstrong as a recipient of its 2013 General James E. Hill Lifetime Space Achievement award add something


2014

The ship, christened on March 28, 2014, and scheduled for entry into service in 2015, will be a modern oceanographic research platform capable of supporting a wide range of oceanographic research activities conducted by academic groups add something

 

Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket - In 2014 it was renamed Armstrong Flight Research Center in honor of Neil Armstrong


2016

A 2016 study again concluded Armstrong had included the article add something


2018

A film adaptation of the book starring Ryan Gosling and directed by Damien Chazelle is scheduled to be released in October 2018 add something

 

Claire Foy - In 2018, she will star alongside Ryan Gosling as Janet Shearon in Damien Chazelle's biographical drama "First Man" and portray Lisbeth Salander in the crime thriller "The Girl in the Spider's Web"


2019

Buzz Aldrin called Armstrong "a true American hero and the best pilot I ever knew", and said he was disappointed that they would not be able to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing together in 2019 add something