Knowledge Identifier: +Nelson_Mandela
Born in 1918.
Countries: South Africa (24%), United States (21%), United Kingdom (20%)
Linked to: National Party, University of London External Programme, University of South Africa, African National Congress
The paramount chief's grandfather was the regent Jongintaba Dalindyebo, who had arranged a marriage for Mandela, which he eluded by fleeing to Johannesburg in 1940.
In 1959, the ANC lost its most militant support when most of the Africanists, with financial support from Ghana and significant political support from the Transvaal-based Basotho, broke away to form the Pan Africanist Congress under the direction of Robert Sobukwe and Potlako Leballo.
On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.
Nadine Gordimer - Thereafter, she quickly became active in South African politics, and was close friends with Nelson Mandela's defense attorneys during his 1962 trial
While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963, at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg.
Percy Yutar - He successfully prosecuted Nelson Mandela in the 1963 Rivonia Treason Trial and argued in favour of the death penalty
In his statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the trial on 20 April 1964 at Pretoria Supreme Court, Mandela laid out the reasoning in the ANC's choice to use violence as a tactic.
Morgan Tsvangirai - George Bizos, a South African human rights lawyer who was part of the team that defended Nelson Mandela & Walter Sisulu in the famous South African Rivonia Trial in 1964, headed Morgan Tsvangirai's defence team
Navanethem Pillay - In 1973, she won the right for political prisoners on Robben Island, including Nelson Mandela, to have access to lawyers
Navi Pillay - In 1973, she won the right for political prisoners on Robben Island, including Nelson Mandela, to have access to lawyers
Brian Johnston - However, in his 1974 autobiography, Johnston wrote that he both disliked and disagreed with apartheid, and looked forward to it being ended, which occurred following the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990
Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe who has led the country since independence in 1980, has been widely criticised internationally for the 1980s fighting which killed about 3000 people as well as corruption, incompetent administration, political oppression and cronyism that has ultimately led to the economic collapse of the country.
Charles Hayes (politician) - Later, he was one of major labor leaders arrested during the 1980s anti-apartheid protests that eventually won the freedom of Nelson Mandela
Stevie Wonder dedicated his 1985 Oscar for the song "I Just Called to Say I Love You" to Mandela, resulting in his music being banned by the South African Broadcasting Corporation.
Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell - He was one of the first people to interview Nelson Mandela at Pollsmoor Prison in 1985
Congress of South African Trade Unions - The most authoritative account of its early years is a book called "Striking Back", written by a former COSATU leader Jeremy Baskin and covering the period from 1985 until the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990
Ludovic Trarieux - The first Ludovic Trarieux Prize was awarded on March 29, 1985 to Nelson Mandela, in jail
Dick Cheney - In 1986, Cheney, along with 145 Republicans and 31 Democrats, voted against a non-binding Congressional resolution calling on the South African government to release Nelson Mandela from prison, after the Democrats defeated proposed amendments that would have required Mandela to renounce violence sponsored by the African National Congress and requiring it to oust the communist faction from its leadership; the resolution was defeated
Erma Franklin - She was one of the special guests on Aretha's television special in 1986 for Showtime and performed on June 28, 1990 at the Nelson Mandela's rally at Tiger Stadium
Jack Abramoff - In 1987, it was one of the first conservative groups to call for the release of Nelson Mandela, a position for which it was roundly criticized by other conservatives at the time
Ruud Gullit - When Gullit was named winner of the Ballon d'Or in 1987, he dedicated the award to the imprisoned Nelson Mandela
Eve Fairbanks of Newsweek said "Mandela rightly occupies an untouched place in the South African imagination.
In 1989, South Africa reached a crossroads when Botha suffered a stroke and was replaced as president by Frederik Willem de Klerk.
Dolores Keane - Her follow-up album "A Lion in a Cage", which hit the shelves in 1989, featured a song written by Faulkner protesting the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela
Miriam Makeba - Nelson Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute increased pressure on the government of South Africa to release Mandela, and in 1990, State President of South Africa Frederik Willem de Klerk reversed the ban on the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Nelson Mandela would shortly be released from prison
Kevin Blackistone - After covering Nelson Mandela's U.S. tour in 1990, moved to "SportsDay" to cover sports business and write columns
Consolidated Gold Fields - This ultimately resulted in the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and the handover of power to majority rule: the events are described in the 2009 television film "Endgame"
In 1991, the ANC held its first national conference in South Africa after its unbanning, electing Mandela as President of the organisation.
As early as 1992, Mandela informally approached President George H.W. Bush with a proposal to have the two indicted Libyans tried in a third country.
Mario Oriani-Ambrosini - In June 1992, he sat with Buthelezi at the meeting of the UN Security Council in a meeting called by Nelson Mandela to push forward the transition to democracy
Mandela became the oldest elected President of South Africa when he took office at the age of 75 in 1994.
Joe Slovo - After the elections of 1994 he became Minister for housing in Nelson Mandela's government, until his death in 1995
Don Mullan - In 1994 he attended the inauguration of President Nelson Mandela as the guest of Archbishop Desmond Tutu in recognition of his work on behalf of the anti-apartheid movement
Aziz Pahad - In 1994, he was elected a Member of Parliament and was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of President Nelson Mandela
Basetsane Kumalo - In 1994, she received an honorary scholarship for Overseas Studies from Nelson Mandela
Charles Nqakula - Upon the demise of the apartheid government and the election of President Nelson Mandela in 1994, Nqakula was elected to the National Executive Committee of the ANC. He later served as Parliamentary Counsellor to the President
Edwin Cameron - In October 1994 President Nelson Mandela appointed him an Acting Judge of the High Court to chair a Commission into illegal arms deals
Desmond Tutu - At a thanksgiving for Tutu upon his retirement as Archbishop in 1996, Nelson Mandela said that Tutu made an "immeasurable contribution to our nation"
Tiny Rowland - In 1996 President Nelson Mandela awarded Rowland the Order of Good Hope, the highest South African honour
Naomi Campbell - She was called to give evidence on a "blood diamond" she allegedly received from Taylor during a Nelson Mandela Children's Fund function in 1997
Thabo Mbeki - He succeeded Nelson Mandela as ANC president in December 1997 and as president of the Republic in June 1999 ; he was subsequently reelected for a second term in April 2004
He decided not to stand for a second term and retired in 1999, to be succeeded by Thabo Mbeki.
Constand Viljoen - Although his party was at odds with the government and the ANC, Viljoen praised Nelson Mandela on the occasion of his retreat from politics in 1999, even ending his Parliamentary speech with an attempt at speaking in Mandela's native language, Xhosa
Richard Holbrooke - In January 2000, Holbrooke used the United States' presidency of the UN Security Council to spotlight a series of crises in Africa, holding six consecutive UN debates that brought together leaders from the region and the across the globe, including former South African President Nelson Mandela and U.S. Vice President Al Gore, to catalyze more effective UN interventions in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and elsewhere
In 2001, he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen (the only previous recipient, Raoul Wallenberg, was awarded honorary citizenship posthumously).
David Sweet - Tenzin Gyatso was the 3rd person to receive such an honor by the House of Commons after Nelson Mandela in 2001
In 2002 and 2003, Mandela criticised the foreign policy of the administration of US president George W. Bush in a number of speeches.
Rhodes House - In 2002, the Rhodes Trust partnered with Nelson Mandela to establish the Mandela Rhodes Scholarship
David A. Stewart - In November 2002, Stewart worked with former South African president Nelson Mandela
Abdelbaset al-Megrahi - At the beginning of 2003, Nelson Mandela had asked for the intervention of the Western Christian churches in what he described as "a clear miscarriage of justice"
Kenneth Cole Productions - In 2005, Cole spearheaded the We All Have AIDS awareness campaign with advertisements photographed by Mark Seliger and featuring such luminaries as Nelson Mandela, Tom_Hanks, Will Smith, Elton John, Sharon Stone, Richard Gere, Elizabeth Taylor, Alicia Keys, Desmond Tutu, Natasha Richardson, Eric McCormack, Ashley Judd, Whoopi Goldberg, Harry Belafonte, Greg Louganis and Rosie O'Donnell
Ruud Gullit - By 2006, Gullit had a talk show on Dutch TV, where he has interviewed, amongst others, Nelson Mandela
Ismail Ayob - In 2006, the two remaining trustees of the Nelson Mandela Trust launched an application against Mr Ayob for disbursing money in terms of the trust deed without their express consent
Nonetheless, in 2007, Mandela attempted to persuade Mugabe to leave office "sooner than later", with "a modicum of dignity", before he was hounded out like Augusto Pinochet.
Ruud Gullit - In 2007 Gullit recalled, "Four months ago I visited Robben Island and met three guys who were cell-mates of Nelson Mandela
Morgan Freeman - In 2007 he purchased the film rights to a pre-published 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation.
Global Elders - "'The Elders"' is an international non-government organisation of public figures noted as elder statesmen, peace activists and human rights advocates, brought together by Nelson Mandela in 2007
Annie Lennox - Lennox's 2007 song "Sing" was born out of her involvement with Nelson Mandela's 46664 campaign and Treatment Action Campaign , both of which are human rights groups which seek education and health care for those affected by HIV. In December 2007, Lennox established The SING Campaign, an organisation dedicated to raising funds and awareness for women and children affected by HIV and AIDS.
In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly announced that Mandela's birthday, 18 July, is to be known as "Mandela Day" to mark his contribution to world freedom.
Matt Damon - Also in 2009, Damon portrayed South Africa national rugby union team captain François Pienaar in the Clint Eastwood-directed film "Invictus", which is based on the 2008 John Carlin book "Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Changed a Nation" and features Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela
Tom Hooper (director) - In March 2009, Hooper met with Nelson Mandela in preparation for directing a film adaptation of Mandela's autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom"
In January 2011, he was admitted to the private Milpark Hospital in Johannesburg, for what were at the time described as "routine tests" by his foundation, leading to intense media speculation about the health condition of the increasingly frail Mandela.
Elias Koteas - He appears in "Winnie", a 2011 film about Winnie Mandela, former wife of Nelson Mandela
Roger Federer - In 2011, in a South African poll, he was voted the second most trusted and respected person in the world, next to Nelson Mandela
In July 2012, Zenani was appointed ambassador to Argentina, becoming the first of Mandela's three remaining children to enter public life
After a successful medical procedure in early March 2013, his lung infection reoccurred and he was briefly hospitalised in Pretoria
Peter Gabriel - In December 2013, Gabriel posted a warm video message in tribute to the deceased former South African president and anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela
Mark Austin (journalist) - On 6 December 2013, following the death of Nelson Mandela the previous day, Mark fronted a tribute programme "Nelson Mandela: His Life And Legacy" at 23:20