Desmond Tutu
F. W. de Klerk
Jacob Zuma
Thabo Mbeki
Morgan Freeman
(Movies & TV)
George W. Bush

See also

Nelson Mandela

Knowledge Identifier: +Nelson_Mandela


Nelson Mandela

South-African anti-apartheid activist and political leaderadd

Category: Politics

Born in 1918.

Countries: South Africa (24%), United States (21%), United Kingdom (20%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Desmond Tutu, F. W. de Klerk, Jacob Zuma

Linked to: National Party, University of London External Programme, University of South Africa, African National Congress




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Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 add something


The paramount chief's grandfather was the regent Jongintaba Dalindyebo, who had arranged a marriage for Mandela, which he eluded by fleeing to Johannesburg in 1940. add something


After the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner-dominated National Party, which supported the apartheid policy of racial segregation, Mandela began actively participating in politics. add something


From 1952–1959, a new class of black activists known as the Africanists disrupted ANC activities in the townships, demanding more drastic steps against the National Party regime. add something


Initially committed to nonviolent resistance, Mandela and 150 others were arrested on 5 December 1956 and charged with treason. add something


They had two daughters, Zenani, born 4 February 1958, and Zindziswa Mandela-Hlongwane, born 1960. add something


In 1959, the ANC lost its most militant support when most of the Africanists, with financial support from Ghana and significant political support from the Transvaal-based Basotho, broke away to form the Pan Africanist Congress under the direction of Robert Sobukwe and Potlako Leballo. add something


In 1961 Mandela became leader of the ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, which he co-founded. add something


Fellow ANC member Wolfie Kadesh explains the bombing campaign led by Mandela: "When we knew that we going to start on 16 December 1961, to blast the symbolic places of apartheid, like pass offices, native magistrates courts, and things like that . add something


On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort. add something


On 25 October 1962, Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison. add something


Nadine Gordimer - Thereafter, she quickly became active in South African politics, and was close friends with Nelson Mandela's defense attorneys during his 1962 trial


While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963, at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg. add something


Percy Yutar - He successfully prosecuted Nelson Mandela in the 1963 Rivonia Treason Trial and argued in favour of the death penalty


In his statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the trial on 20 April 1964 at Pretoria Supreme Court, Mandela laid out the reasoning in the ANC's choice to use violence as a tactic. add something


All except Rusty Bernstein were found guilty, but they escaped the gallows and were sentenced to life imprisonment on 12 June 1964. add something


Morgan Tsvangirai - George Bizos, a South African human rights lawyer who was part of the team that defended Nelson Mandela & Walter Sisulu in the famous South African Rivonia Trial in 1964, headed Morgan Tsvangirai's defence team


Roy Hodgson - Although Hodgson played for Berea Park in South Africa's white-only National Football League during the 1970s, he has stated his admiration for Nelson Mandela and coached a World XI team in a charity football event in Mandela's honour in August 1999


Mandela was still in prison when his daughter Zenani was married to Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini in 1973, elder brother of King Mswati III of Swaziland. add something


Navanethem Pillay - In 1973, she won the right for political prisoners on Robben Island, including Nelson Mandela, to have access to lawyers


Navi Pillay - In 1973, she won the right for political prisoners on Robben Island, including Nelson Mandela, to have access to lawyers


Brian Johnston - However, in his 1974 autobiography, Johnston wrote that he both disliked and disagreed with apartheid, and looked forward to it being ended, which occurred following the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990


Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe who has led the country since independence in 1980, has been widely criticised internationally for the 1980s fighting which killed about 3000 people as well as corruption, incompetent administration, political oppression and cronyism that has ultimately led to the economic collapse of the country. add something


Charles Hayes (politician) - Later, he was one of major labor leaders arrested during the 1980s anti-apartheid protests that eventually won the freedom of Nelson Mandela


In March 1982 Mandela was transferred from Robben Island to Pollsmoor Prison, along with other senior ANC leaders Walter Sisulu, Andrew Mlangeni, Ahmed Kathrada and Raymond Mhlaba. add something


One of the most popular was from The Special AKA who recorded the song "Free Nelson Mandela" in 1983. add something


Jacques Derrida - He was active in cultural activities against the Apartheid government of South Africa and on behalf of Nelson Mandela beginning in 1983.


Stevie Wonder dedicated his 1985 Oscar for the song "I Just Called to Say I Love You" to Mandela, resulting in his music being banned by the South African Broadcasting Corporation. add something


In 1985, Youssou N'Dour's album Nelson Mandela was the Senegalese artist's first United States release. add something


Zindzi Mandela-Hlongwane made history worldwide when she read out Mandela's speech refusing his conditional pardon in 1985. add something


In February 1985 President P.W. Botha offered Mandela his freedom on condition that he 'unconditionally rejected violence as a political weapon'. add something


The first meeting between Mandela and the National Party government came in November 1985 when Kobie Coetsee met Mandela in Volks Hospital in Cape Town where Mandela was recovering from prostate surgery. add something


Kobie Coetsee - A series of meetings between him and the imprisoned Nelson Mandela began in 1985


Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell - He was one of the first people to interview Nelson Mandela at Pollsmoor Prison in 1985


Congress of South African Trade Unions - The most authoritative account of its early years is a book called "Striking Back", written by a former COSATU leader Jeremy Baskin and covering the period from 1985 until the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990


Ludovic Trarieux - The first Ludovic Trarieux Prize was awarded on March 29, 1985 to Nelson Mandela, in jail


Dick Cheney - In 1986, Cheney, along with 145 Republicans and 31 Democrats, voted against a non-binding Congressional resolution calling on the South African government to release Nelson Mandela from prison, after the Democrats defeated proposed amendments that would have required Mandela to renounce violence sponsored by the African National Congress and requiring it to oust the communist faction from its leadership; the resolution was defeated


Coretta Scott King - In 1986, she traveled to South Africa and met with Winnie Mandela, while Mandela's husband Nelson Mandela was still a political prisoner in Pollsmoor Prison after being transferred from Robben Island in 1982


Erma Franklin - She was one of the special guests on Aretha's television special in 1986 for Showtime and performed on June 28, 1990 at the Nelson Mandela's rally at Tiger Stadium


Hugh Masekela, in exile in the UK, sang "Bring Him Back Home" in 1987. add something


In South Africa, "Asimbonanga" ("We Have Not Seen Him") became one of Johnny Clegg's most famous songs, appearing on his Third World Child album in 1987. add something


Ruud Gullit - Gullit's exploits with first PSV and Milan helped him win the European Footballer of the Year award in 1987 which he dedicated to Nelson Mandela


Jack Abramoff - In 1987, it was one of the first conservative groups to call for the release of Nelson Mandela, a position for which it was roundly criticized by other conservatives at the time


Ruud Gullit - When Gullit was named winner of the Ballon d'Or in 1987, he dedicated the award to the imprisoned Nelson Mandela


Eve Fairbanks of Newsweek said "Mandela rightly occupies an untouched place in the South African imagination. add something


In 1988 Mandela was moved to Victor Verster Prison and would remain there until his release. add something


In 1988, the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute concert at London's Wembley Stadium was a focal point of the anti-apartheid movement, with many musicians voicing their support for Mandela. add something


In 1989, South Africa reached a crossroads when Botha suffered a stroke and was replaced as president by Frederik Willem de Klerk. add something


Dolores Keane - Her follow-up album "A Lion in a Cage", which hit the shelves in 1989, featured a song written by Faulkner protesting the imprisonment of Nelson Mandela


Following his release from prison, Mandela returned to the leadership of the ANC and, between 1990 and 1994, led the party in the multi-party negotiations that led to the country's first multi-racial elections. add something


In 1990 he received the Bharat Ratna Award from the government of India and received the last ever Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union. add something


In 1990, Hong Kong rock band Beyond released a popular Cantonese song, "Days of Glory". add something


De Klerk announced Mandela's release in February 1990. add something


Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990. add something


On 2 February 1990, State President F. W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison. add something


The Release of Nelson Mandela: 11 February 1990. add something


Miriam Makeba - Nelson Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute increased pressure on the government of South Africa to release Mandela, and in 1990, State President of South Africa Frederik Willem de Klerk reversed the ban on the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Nelson Mandela would shortly be released from prison


Kevin Blackistone - After covering Nelson Mandela's U.S. tour in 1990, moved to "SportsDay" to cover sports business and write columns


Afrika Bambaataa - Gee Street Records, John Baker and Bambaataa organized a concert at Wembley Stadium in London in 1990 for the &African_National_Congress, in honor of Nelson Mandela's release from prison.


Per Wastberg - He returned to South Africa only in 1990, after the release from jail of Nelson Mandela


Renee Montagne - In 1990, Montagne covered the release of Nelson Mandela from prison in South Africa


Owen Bieber - In 1990, shortly after his release from prison, Nelson Mandela traveled to the United States and thanked Bieber for his support; Bieber gave him a guided tour of the Ford River Rouge Complex


Richard Branson - In the late 1990s, Branson and musician Peter Gabriel discussed with Nelson Mandela their idea of a small, dedicated group of leaders, working objectively and without any vested personal interest to solve difficult global conflicts


Abdullah Ibrahim - Since his return to South Africa in the early 1990s, he has been feted with symphony orchestra performances, one of which was in honour of Nelson Mandela's inauguration as President


Consolidated Gold Fields - This ultimately resulted in the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and the handover of power to majority rule: the events are described in the 2009 television film "Endgame"


Betty Shabazz - When Nelson and Winnie Mandela visited Harlem during 1990, Shabazz was asked to introduce Winnie Mandela


Jesse Jackson, Jr. - Jackson shared the stage with Nelson Mandela when Mandela made his historic speech following his release from a 27-year imprisonment in Cape Town in February 1990.


In 1991, the ANC held its first national conference in South Africa after its unbanning, electing Mandela as President of the organisation. add something


President Mandela took a particular interest in helping to resolve the long-running dispute between Gaddafi's Libya, on the one hand, and the United States and Britain on the other, over bringing to trial the two Libyans who were indicted in November 1991 and accused of sabotaging Pan Am Flight 103, which crashed at the Scottish town of Lockerbie on 21 December 1988, with the loss of 270 lives. add something


F. W. de Klerk - Nobel Peace Prize - He won the Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize in 1991, the Prince of Asturias *award in 1992 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 along with Nelson Mandela for his role in the ending of apartheid


As early as 1992, Mandela informally approached President George H.W. Bush with a proposal to have the two indicted Libyans tried in a third country. add something


In 1992 he received of Nishan-e-Pakistan, the highest civil service award of Pakistan. add something


In 1992 he was awarded the Atatürk Peace Award by Turkey. add something


Nigerian reggae musician Majek Fashek released the single, "Free Mandela", in 1992, making him one of many Nigerian recording artists who had released songs related to the anti-apartheid movement and to Mandela himself. add something


The talks broke down following the Boipatong massacre in June 1992 when Mandela took the ANC out of the negotiations, accusing De Klerk's government of complicity in the killings. add something


However, talks resumed following the Bisho massacre in September 1992, when the spectre of violent confrontation made it clear that negotiations were the only way forward. add something


World Economic Forum - In 1992, South African President F. W. de Klerk met with Nelson Mandela and Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi at the annual meeting, their first joint appearance outside South Africa


Mario Oriani-Ambrosini - In June 1992, he sat with Buthelezi at the meeting of the UN Security Council in a meeting called by Nelson Mandela to push forward the transition to democracy


Following Thembu custom, he was initiated at age sixteen, and attended Clarkebury Boarding Institute. add something


Mandela has received many South African, foreign and international honours, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, the Order of Merit from, and creation as, a Baliff Grand Cross of the Order of St. John by Queen Elizabeth II and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush. add something


The group Ladysmith Black Mambazo accompanied Mandela to the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo, Norway in 1993, and performed for his inauguration in 1994. add something


This legislation ensured that such tenants could not be evicted without a court order or if they were over the age of sixty-five. add something


Following the assassination of ANC leader Chris Hani in April 1993, there were renewed fears that the country would erupt in violence. add something


Richard Edmonds - Edmonds spent three months in custody over a 'racially-motivated' assault in 1993 and had previously been convicted for damaging a statue of Nelson Mandela on London 's South Bank


F. W. de Klerk - In 1993, de Klerk and Mandela were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their work ending apartheid


Mandela became the oldest elected President of South Africa when he took office at the age of 75 in 1994. add something


Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, was published in 1994, an extended version of No Easy Walk to Freedom, published by Heinemann in 1965. add something


The Land Restitution Act of 1994, which enabled people who had lost their property as a result of the Natives Land Act, 1913 to claim back their land, leading to the settlement of tens of thousands of land claims. add something


The introduction of free health care for all children under the age of six together with pregnant and breastfeeding women making use of public sector health facilities. add something


South Africa's first multi-racial elections in which full enfranchisement was granted were held on 27 April 1994. add something


While some riots did follow the assassination, the negotiators were galvanised into action, and soon agreed that democratic elections should take place on 27 April 1994, just over a year after Hani's assassination. add something


As President from May 1994 until June 1999, Mandela presided over the transition from minority rule and apartheid, winning international respect for his advocacy of national and international reconciliation. add something


Stella Sigcau - Nelson Mandela named her as Minister for Public Enterprises in 1994 and she served in that role, which involved attempts at transforming the face of South African Airways and South African Railways until 1999


Anne Frank - After receiving a humanitarian *award from the Anne Frank Foundation in 1994, Nelson Mandela addressed a crowd in Johannesburg, saying he had read Anne Frank's diary while in prison and "derived much encouragement from it


Joe Slovo - After the elections of 1994 he became Minister for housing in Nelson Mandela's government, until his death in 1995


Sarah Baartman - After the victory of the African National Congress in the South African general election, 1994, President Nelson Mandela formally requested that France return the remains


Don Mullan - In 1994 he attended the inauguration of President Nelson Mandela as the guest of Archbishop Desmond Tutu in recognition of his work on behalf of the anti-apartheid movement


Aziz Pahad - In 1994, he was elected a Member of Parliament and was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of President Nelson Mandela


Basetsane Kumalo - In 1994, she received an honorary scholarship for Overseas Studies from Nelson Mandela


Thurgood Marshall, Jr. - President Clinton named Marshall to the Presidential Delegation to the Inauguration of South African President Nelson Mandela in 1994


Charles Nqakula - Upon the demise of the apartheid government and the election of President Nelson Mandela in 1994, Nqakula was elected to the National Executive Committee of the ANC. He later served as Parliamentary Counsellor to the President


Jim Swire - When, later in 1994, newly elected president Nelson Mandela offered South Africa as the neutral venue, the proposal was rejected out of hand by the British prime minister, John Major


Tito Mboweni - Tito Mboweni was Minister of Labour from May 1994 to July 1998 in President Nelson Mandela's cabinet


Edwin Cameron - In October 1994 President Nelson Mandela appointed him an Acting Judge of the High Court to chair a Commission into illegal arms deals


Whitney Houston - In October 1994, Houston attended and performed at a state dinner in the White House honoring newly elected South African president Nelson Mandela.


George Monbiot - In 1995, Nelson Mandela presented him with a United Nations Global 500 *award for outstanding environmental achievement


The Land Reform Act of 1996, which safeguarded labour tenants and provided them with the right to claim land. add something


The Land Reform Act 3 of 1996, which safeguarded the rights of labour tenants who live and grow crops or graze livestock on farms. add something


Desmond Tutu - At a thanksgiving for Tutu upon his retirement as Archbishop in 1996, Nelson Mandela said that Tutu made an "immeasurable contribution to our nation"


F. W. de Klerk - He was one of the Deputy Presidents of South Africa during the presidency of Nelson Mandela until 1996, the last white person to hold the position to date


Tiny Rowland - In 1996 President Nelson Mandela awarded Rowland the Order of Good Hope, the highest South African honour


Corazon Aquino - In 1996, she received the J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding from the Fulbright Association, joining past recipients such as Jimmy Carter and Nelson Mandela


Amendments to the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act in 1997 which ensured that the number of dependants of workers who tragically lost their lives as a result of work place accidents and diseases now had an extended right to compensation beyond the age of eighteen. add something


The Extension of Security of Tenure Act of 1997, which aimed at providing security of tenure to vulnerable occupants of land outside of urban areas. add something


A further three years elapsed until Mandela's offer was repeated to Major's successor, Tony Blair, when the president visited London in July 1997. add something


Naomi Campbell - She was called to give evidence on a "blood diamond" she allegedly received from Taylor during a Nelson Mandela Children's Fund function in 1997


Thabo Mbeki - He succeeded Nelson Mandela as ANC president in December 1997 and as president of the Republic in June 1999 ; he was subsequently reelected for a second term in April 2004


Dome in the city of Toronto. add something


Mandela was remarried, on his 80th birthday in 1998, to Graça Machel nee Simbine, widow of Samora Machel, the former Mozambican president and ANC ally who was killed in an air crash 12 years earlier. add something


Regina Benjamin - In 1998, she was the United States recipient of the Nelson Mandela Award for Health and Human Rights


Naomi Campbell - She supports the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, for which she organised a benefit Versace fashion show in 1998


He decided not to stand for a second term and retired in 1999, to be succeeded by Thabo Mbeki. add something


He refused the award citing human rights violations committed by Turkey at the time, but later accepted the award in 1999. add something


Nelson Mandela had strongly opposed the 1999 NATO intervention in Kosovo and called it an attempt by the world's powerful nations to police the entire world. add something


A compromise solution was agreed for a trial to be held at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, governed by Scots law, and President Mandela began negotiations with Colonel Gaddafi for the handover of the two accused in April 1999. add something


Kader Asmal - Although Asmal was not as close to President Mbeki as he was to President Nelson Mandela he was promoted to Minister of Education in 1999, after the South African general elections that saw Mbeki elected to power


Constand Viljoen - Although his party was at odds with the government and the ANC, Viljoen praised Nelson Mandela on the occasion of his retreat from politics in 1999, even ending his Parliamentary speech with an attempt at speaking in Mandela's native language, Xhosa


He gave the closing address at the XIII International AIDS Conference in 2000, in Durban, South Africa. add something


Mandela criticised Mugabe in 2000, referring to African leaders who had liberated their countries but had overstayed their welcome. add something


The Nelson Mandela Invitational charity golf tournament, hosted by Gary Player, has raised over twenty million rand for children's charities since its inception in 2000. add something


Gary Player - Player has hosted the Nelson Mandela Invitational golf tournament since 2000


Richard Holbrooke - In January 2000, Holbrooke used the United States' presidency of the UN Security Council to spotlight a series of crises in Africa, holding six consecutive UN debates that brought together leaders from the region and the across the globe, including former South African President Nelson Mandela and U.S. Vice President Al Gore, to catalyze more effective UN interventions in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and elsewhere


In 2001, he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen (the only previous recipient, Raoul Wallenberg, was awarded honorary citizenship posthumously). add something


At the end of their nine-month trial, the verdict was announced on 31 January 2001. add something


On 30 April 2001, Nelson Mandela Gardens in Millennium Square, Leeds was officially opened and Nelson Mandela was awarded the freedom of the city and awarded a commemorative 'golden owl' (the heraldic symbol of Leeds ). add something


In July 2001 Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. add something


Eric Wainaina (musician) - In 2001, Africa listed him amongst the top 100 Africans of the year 2000, which included high profile names such as Nelson Mandela, Joseph_Kabila, Yash Pal Ghai, Baaba Maal and Ousmane Sembène


David Sweet - Tenzin Gyatso was the 3rd person to receive such an honor by the House of Commons after Nelson Mandela in 2001


In 2002 and 2003, Mandela criticised the foreign policy of the administration of US president George W. Bush in a number of speeches. add something


Megrahi's initial appeal was turned down in March 2002, and former president Mandela went to visit him in Barlinnie prison on 10 June 2002. add something


Rhodes House - In 2002, the Rhodes Trust partnered with Nelson Mandela to establish the Mandela Rhodes Scholarship


Tsakane Valentine Maswanganyi - Other opportunities soon followed, including recitals given for Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki and a performance for the United Nations delegates at the Earth Summit 2002 in Johannesburg


David A. Stewart - In November 2002, Stewart worked with former South African president Nelson Mandela


In 2003 Mandela's death was incorrectly announced by CNN when his pre-written obituary was inadvertently published on CNN's web site due to a fault in password protection. add something


In 2003, Mandela lent his weight to the 46664 campaign against AIDS, named after his prison number. add something


In 2003, he had already lent his support to the 46664 AIDS fundraising campaign, named after his prison number. add something


Abdelbaset al-Megrahi - At the beginning of 2003, Nelson Mandela had asked for the intervention of the Western Christian churches in what he described as "a clear miscarriage of justice"


In 2004, zoologists Brent E. Hendrixson and Jason E. Bond named a South African species of trapdoor spider in the family Ctenizidae as Stasimopus mandelai, "honouring Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa and one of the great moral leaders of our time. add something


Mandela, and Kofi Annan, strongly criticised George W Bush’s PEPFAR initiative at an international AIDS conference in 2004. add something


On 31 March 2004, Sandton Square in Johannesburg was renamed Nelson Mandela Square, after a 6-metre statue of Nelson Mandela was installed on the square to honour the famous South African statesman. add something


In June 2004, at age 85, Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life. add something


In July 2004, he flew to Bangkok to speak at the XV International AIDS Conference. add something


In July 2004, the city of Johannesburg bestowed its highest honour on Mandela by granting him the freedom of the city at a ceremony in Orlando, Soweto. add something


Josh Groban - Inspired by a visit with Nelson Mandela during a 2004 trip to South Africa, he established the Josh Groban Foundation to help children in need through education, healthcare and the arts.


In 2005 and 2006, Ayob, his wife, and son were subjected to a verbal attack by Mandela's advisors. add something


His son, Makgatho Mandela, died of AIDS on 6 January 2005. add something


In May 2005, Ayob was asked by Mandela to stop selling prints signed by Mandela and to account for the proceeds of their sale. add something


Kenneth Cole Productions - In 2005, Cole spearheaded the We All Have AIDS awareness campaign with advertisements photographed by Mark Seliger and featuring such luminaries as Nelson Mandela, Tom_Hanks, Will Smith, Elton John, Sharon Stone, Richard Gere, Elizabeth Taylor, Alicia Keys, Desmond Tutu, Natasha Richardson, Eric McCormack, Ashley Judd, Whoopi Goldberg, Harry Belafonte, Greg Louganis and Rosie O'Donnell


Ismail Ayob - Ismail Ayob was asked by Nelson Mandela in May 2005 to stop selling certain prints signed by Mr Mandela and to account for the proceeds of the sales of these prints in a prominently publicised application to the High Court of South Africa


A summary of Mandela's life story is featured in the 2006 music video "If Everyone Cared" by Nickelback. add something


For seventeen days, they are roommates. add something


In 2006, the two remaining trustees of the Nelson Mandela Trust launched an application against Ayob for disbursing money from the trust without their consent. add something


In a The New Republic article in December 2006, Nelson Mandela was criticised for a number of positive comments he had made about the diamond industry. add something


Ruud Gullit - By 2006, Gullit had a talk show on Dutch TV, where he has interviewed, amongst others, Nelson Mandela


Chris Gardner - During a visit to South Africa to observe elections around the time of the 10th anniversary of the end of apartheid, Gardner met with Nelson Mandela to discuss possible investment in South African emerging markets as indicated in his 2006 autobiography


Ismail Ayob - In 2006, the two remaining trustees of the Nelson Mandela Trust launched an application against Mr Ayob for disbursing money in terms of the trust deed without their express consent


Nonetheless, in 2007, Mandela attempted to persuade Mugabe to leave office "sooner than later", with "a modicum of dignity", before he was hounded out like Augusto Pinochet. add something


Goodbye Bafana, a feature film that focuses on Mandela's life, had its world premiere at the Berlin film festival on 11 February 2007. add something


The dispute again made headlines in February 2007 when, during a hearing in the Johannesburg High Court, Ayob promised to pay R700 000 to Mandela, which Ayob had transferred into trusts for Mandela's children, and apologised, although he later claimed that he was the victim of a "vendetta", by Mandela. add something


On 18 July 2007, Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened a group of world leaders in Johannesburg to contribute their wisdom and independent leadership to address the world's toughest problems. add something


On 29 August 2007, a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled at Parliament Square in London by Richard Attenborough, Ken Livingstone, Wendy Woods, and Gordon Brown. add something


Ruud Gullit - In 2007 Gullit recalled, "Four months ago I visited Robben Island and met three guys who were cell-mates of Nelson Mandela


Morgan Freeman - In 2007 he purchased the film rights to a pre-published 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation.


Global Elders - "'The Elders"' is an international non-government organisation of public figures noted as elder statesmen, peace activists and human rights advocates, brought together by Nelson Mandela in 2007


Ali Daei - Daei featured on 18 July 2007 in "90 Minutes for Mandela", a match between the Africa XI and the Rest of World XI to celebrate the birthday of Nelson Mandela


Richard Branson - On 18 July 2007, in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela announced the formation of a new group, The Elders, in a speech he delivered on the occasion of his 89th birthday


Desmond Tutu - On 18 July 2007, in Johannesburg, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Tutu convened The Elders, a group of world leaders to contribute their wisdom, kindness, leadership and integrity to tackle some of the world's toughest problems


Peter Gabriel - On 18 July 2007, in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nelson Mandela announced the formation of a new group, Global Elders, in a speech he delivered on the occasion of his 89th birthday


Annie Lennox - Lennox's 2007 song "Sing" was born out of her involvement with Nelson Mandela's 46664 campaign and Treatment Action Campaign , both of which are human rights groups which seek education and health care for those affected by HIV. In December 2007, Lennox established The SING Campaign, an organisation dedicated to raising funds and awareness for women and children affected by HIV and AIDS.


Mandela and Springboks captain, François Pienaar, are the focus of a 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation, that spotlights the role of the 1995 Rugby World Cup win in post-apartheid South Africa. add something


A tribute concert for Mandela's 90th birthday took place in Hyde Park, London on 27 June 2008. add something


In June 2008, at the height of the crisis over the Zimbabwean presidential election, Mandela condemned the "tragic failure of leadership" in Zimbabwe. add something


Mandela's 90th birthday was marked across the country on 18 July 2008, with the main celebrations held at his home town of Qunu. add something


Until July 2008 Mandela and ANC party members were barred from entering the United States—except to visit the United Nations headquarters in Manhattan—without a special waiver from the US Secretary of State, because of their South African apartheid government era designation as terrorists. add something


On 27 August 2008, a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled at Groot Drakenstein Correctional Centre between Paarl and Franshhoek on the R301 road, near Cape Town . add something


Investec - Other sponsorships include the Nelson Mandela 90th Birthday Tribute in London's Hyde Park and Russian Tennis Player Elena Dementieva for the 2008 Wimbledon tournament as well as the Australian Open in January 2009


Jim Kerr - Kerr helped organise a 90th birthday party for Nelson Mandela at Wembley Stadium, London on 27 June 2008


Jimmy Carter - In November 2008, President Carter, former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, and Graca Machel, wife of Nelson Mandela, were stopped from entering Zimbabwe, to inspect the human rights situation, by President Robert Mugabe's government.


In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly announced that Mandela's birthday, 18 July, is to be known as "Mandela Day" to mark his contribution to world freedom. add something


Matt Damon - Also in 2009, Damon portrayed South Africa national rugby union team captain François Pienaar in the Clint Eastwood-directed film "Invictus", which is based on the 2008 John Carlin book "Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game That Changed a Nation" and features Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela


Jonah Lomu - In a Clint Eastwood movie "Invictus" , which is about Nelson Mandela and South African rugby team in 1995 World Cup, Lomu is portrayed by Isaac Feau'nati and is referred to in reverent tones


Adjoa Andoh - She made her Hollywood debut in Autumn 2009 starring as Nelson Mandela's Chief of Staff Brenda Mazikubo alongside Morgan Freeman as Mandela in Clint Eastwood's "Invictus"


Tom Hooper (director) - In March 2009, Hooper met with Nelson Mandela in preparation for directing a film adaptation of Mandela's autobiography "Long Walk to Freedom"


David Cameron - In April 2009, The Independent reported that in 1989, while Nelson Mandela remained imprisoned under the apartheid regime, David Cameron had accepted a trip to South Africa paid for by an anti-sanctions lobby firm.


Morgan Freeman - In July 2009 Freeman was one of the presenters at the 46664 concert (celebrating Nelson Mandela's birthday) at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.


Carla Bruni - Bruni sang for Nelson Mandela's 91st birthday on 18 July 2009 at Radio City Music Hall in New York City


The Themba Development Project - In 2010 the organization expanded its programs to include the former Transkei region of South Africa, birth region of former president Nelson Mandela


Arnaldo Otegi - In March 2010 the Spanish court sentenced Otegi to two years in jail for "glorifying terrorism" in a speech he gave in 2005 in which he compared a jailed ETA member to Nelson Mandela


In January 2011, he was admitted to the private Milpark Hospital in Johannesburg, for what were at the time described as "routine tests" by his foundation, leading to intense media speculation about the health condition of the increasingly frail Mandela. add something


In February 2011, he was briefly hospitalised with a respiratory infection, attracting international attention, before being re-hospitalised for a lung infection and gallstone removal in in December 2012 add something


Elias Koteas - He appears in "Winnie", a 2011 film about Winnie Mandela, former wife of Nelson Mandela


Terrence Howard - In 2011, Howard played Nelson Mandela in Winnie alongside Jennifer Hudson.


Roger Federer - In 2011, in a South African poll, he was voted the second most trusted and respected person in the world, next to Nelson Mandela


In July 2012, Zenani was appointed ambassador to Argentina, becoming the first of Mandela's three remaining children to enter public life add something


After a successful medical procedure in early March 2013, his lung infection reoccurred and he was briefly hospitalised in Pretoria add something


On 8 June 2013, his lung infection worsened, and he was rehospitalized in Pretoria, reportedly in a serious condition add something


On 22 June 2013, CBS News stated that he had not opened his eyes in days and was unresponsive, and the family was discussing just how much medical intervention should be given add something


On 18 July 2013, Mandela spent his 95th birthday in hospital in Pretoria add something


On 1 September 2013, Mandela was discharged from hospital and, according to President Jacob Zuma's office, "Madiba's condition remains critical and is at times unstable add something


Mandela died following a long illness on 5 December 2013 at his home in Johannesburg add something


Mandela died on 5 December 2013 at the age of 95, at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, South Africa surrounded by his family add something


On 6 December 2013, President Zuma announced a national mourning period of ten days, with the main event held at the FNB Stadium in Johannesburg on 10 December 2013 add something


He declared Sunday 8 December 2013 a national day of prayer and reflection add something


On 16 December 2013, Reconciliation Day, a 9-metre-high, bronze statue of Mandela was unveiled at the Union Buildings by President Jacob Zuma add something


Jacob Zuma - He officially announced the death of Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president, on December 5th, 2013


Peter Gabriel - In December 2013, Gabriel posted a warm video message in tribute to the deceased former South African president and anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela


Mark Austin (journalist) - On 6 December 2013, following the death of Nelson Mandela the previous day, Mark fronted a tribute programme "Nelson Mandela: His Life And Legacy" at 23:20


The new Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners amended in 2015 is called "Nelson Mandela Rules" after him add something